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APTITUDE TEST PAPERS FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

by :
DR. T.K. JAIN
AFTERSCHOOL
centre for social entrepreneurship
bikaner 334001 rajasthan, india
FOR CSE & PGPSE STUDENTS
(CSE & PGPSE are free online programmes
open for all, free for all)
mobile : 91+9414430763
5 DECEMBER 09

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My words.....
My purpose here is to give a few questions, which are
often asked in aptitude tests and competitive
Please pass this presentation to all those who might need
it. Let us spread knowledge as widely as possible. I
welcome your suggestions. I also request you to help me
in spreading social entrepreneurship across the globe for
which I need support of you people not of any VIP. With
5 DECEMBER 09

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A man buys 12 lts of liquid which contain

20% of the liquid and the rest is water. He
then mixes it with 10lts of another mixture
with 30% of liquid. What is the % of water in
the new mixture?
Total quantity of mixture = 12+10 =22
total water : 9.6+7 = 16.6
=16.6/22

5 DECEMBER 09

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A certain number of men can finish a piece of

work in 10 days. If however there were 10
men less it will take 10days more for the
work to be finished. How many men were
there originally?
Number of men =x
total work =10X
10X = (X-10)(20)
10X=20X-200
5 DECEMBER 09

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In simple interest what sum amount of Rs.

1120/- in 4 years and Rs.1200/- in 5 years?

Interest = 1200 1120 = 80

the total interest for 5 years = 400
principal = 1200-400 = 800 answer

5 DECEMBER 09

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There are total 15 people. 7 speaks french and 8

speaks spanish. 3 do not speak any language.
Which part of total people speaks both
languages.

7+8 = 15
BUT IT SHOULD BE 12 (because 3 dont
speak any language).
So there are 3 persons who speak both the

5 DECEMBER 09

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th

of his jogging

time. He should increase his speed by how

much
Let us assume that the jogger takes 4 ours for 12 KM.
Now he will save 1/4th so he will take 3 hours for 12 KM.
His earlier speed was 12/4 = 3, but his new speed is 12/3 =
4.
he increased his speed from 3 to 4 or 33% increase in his
(you may assume other figures also but the answer will
be the same).
5 DECEMBER 09

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A is an integer. Dividing 89 & 125 by A gives

remainders 4 & 6 respectively. Find a ?

Find HCF of (89-4) and (125-6)

HCF of 85 and 119 is 17

5 DECEMBER 09

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In a office work is distributed between

p persons. If 1/8 members are absent
then work increased for each person by
what %.
Suppose there are 560 units of work among 8
persons. Now there are only 7 persons so each
person is doing 80 units of work (instead of 70
units of work). The work increased by : 10 on
70
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We can write these numbers as multiples of

15 :
8, 21,20,23
the next digit should be :

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10

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11

RULE : a^0

=1

IF ZERO IS PUT AS POWER OF ANY

NUMBER, IT WILL BECOME 1.
THUS IF YOU PUT POWER OF ZERO ON
100000, IT WILL BE EQUAL TO 1.

5 DECEMBER 09

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12

IF YOU TAKE UP POWER OVER A

FRACTION, YOU CAN PUT IT
SEPARATELY ALSO.
EXAMPLE : (2/3) ^3 = 8/27 ANSWER

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13

(27)^2/3 =?
1. FIRST WE PUT 27 AS 3^3 BECAUSE WE
KNOW 3*3*3 = 27
= (3^3)2/3
WE CAN CANCEL POWR OF 3

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14

(1024)^-4/5 =?
1. FIRST PUT 1024 AS 2^X, WE KNOW
THAT 2*2*2*2*2..... (TILL 10) = 1024
SO WE CAN WRITE : 1024 = 2^10 = 4^5
(4^5)-4/5 (NOW CANCEL 5)
= (4)-4= 1/(4)4 (ANY POWER IN
NEGATIVE WILL PUT THE NUMERATOR
INTO DENOMINATOR)
= 1/256.
5 DECEMBER 09

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15

If 2^(x-1)+ 2^(x+1) = 256 then

find the value of x
.(X-1) * (X+1) = (X^2 1)
So we can write it as :
=2^(x^2-1) = 256
now factorise 256 = 2*2*2*2*2*2*2*2=2^8
2^(x^2 -1) = 2^8 or X^2 = 9
5 DECEMBER 09

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16

Simplify : 125^(2/3) *
25^(1/2)*5*5^(1/2)
125^(2/3) = (5^3)^(2/3)
3 gets cancelled so : 5^2 = 25 =5*5
we can write it as :
5*5*5*5*5^(1/2)
=5^4 * 5^ () (add the two powers, when there
is multiplication of their base)
5 DECEMBER 09

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17

What is the compounded ratio of :

4:9, duplicate ratio of 3:4,
triplicate ratio of 2:3 and 9:7?
Duplicate ratio of 3:4 =9:16 (square of 3 and 4 respectively)
triplicate ratio of 2:3 = 8:27 (take cube of 2 & 3 respectively).
Now let us compound (multiply all the X and Y individuallY )
them :
X =4*9*8*9 = 2592
Y = 9*16*27*7=27216
their ratio is 1: 10.5 or 2:21 answer

5 DECEMBER 09

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18

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19

WHAT IS A FUNCTION
It is a rule. It says that given a value of X what
will be the value of f(x). here F is not
multiplied to X, but it only shows function of
X.
Itis also written as Y = f(x)

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20

There are many classifications :

1. even and odd functions
2.

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21

What is inverse function ?

Inverse function puts the relation of Y to X
(function puts the relation of X to Y).
Thus if function = convert celsius to feirenheit
F(c) = 9/5 (C+32)
now inveserse function will be to convert
feirehheit into celcius :
f(f) = 5/9 (f-32)
5 DECEMBER 09

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22

What is even function ?

When the outcome of f(x) = f(-x), it is called
even function.
Example:
F(x) = X^2+x^4
suppose X is 2, f(x) = 20
we get the same outcome in the case of f(-2)
5 DECEMBER 09

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23

What is odd function ?

When the outcome of f(x) = -f(-x), it is called
even function.
Example:
F(x) = X^3+x^5
suppose X is 2, f(x) = 40, but f(-2) = -40
thus we can say that f(x)=-f(-x) answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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24

What is composite function ?

If Y = f(x) and X = g(u),
then we have function of function. This is
called composite function.
Suppose first function says that Y = X^2 and it
is given than X = Z^2, and Z = 2
then Y = 16
thus this is composite function. Answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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25

What is limit?

As X approaches certain value it is called limit

example : x = 1.7 and it approaches 1.8
thus f(x)=2x = 3.6 (it approaches 3.6 answer

5 DECEMBER 09

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26

A train 140 m long running at 72

kmph.In how much time will it
pass a platform 260m long.
Total distance to cover = 140+260 = 400
time = distance / speed
speed in meters per second = 72 *5/18 = 20
meters per second
time = 400/20 = 20 seconds answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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27

A man is standing on a railway bridge which is 180

m.He finds that a train crosses the bridge in 20
seconds but himself in 8 sec. Find the length of the
train and its sppeed

Let us assume the length of train = X

the speed of train = x meters/8
180 meters are covered by train in (20-8)
seconds
180/12 = 15 meters per second.
Thus the length of train is : 15*8 = 120 meters.
5 DECEMBER 09

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28

A train 150m long is running with a speed of 54 Km

per hour. In what time will it pass a man who is
running at a speed of 9 km ph in the same direction in
which the train is going

Speed of train = 54 * 5/18 = 15 meters per

second
speed of mann = 9 * 5/18 = 2.5 meters per
second
distance to cover = 150
time = 150/(15-2.5) =12 seconds answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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29

A train 220m long is running with a speed of 59 k m

ph ..In what time will it pass a man who is running at 4
kmph in the direction opposite to that in which train is
going.

Distance to cover = 220 meters

speed = 59+4 = 63 km per hour.
In meters per second = 63*5/18 = 17.5 meters
per second.
Time required : 220/17.5 =12.57 seconds.
5 DECEMBER 09

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30

Two trains 137m and 163m in length are running towards

each other on parallel lines,one at the rate of 42kmph &
another at 48 mph.In wht time will they be clear of each
other from the moment they meet.

Distance to cover 137+163 = 300 meters

speed = 42+48 = 90 km per hour
speed in meters per second = 90 * 5/18 = 25
meters per second
time required = 300/25 = 12 seconds answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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31

A train running at 54 kmph takes 20 sec to pass a

platform. Next it takes 12 sec to pass a man walking at
6kmph in the same direction in which the train is
going.Find length of the train and length of platform
Solution :
Train v/s man
speed = 54 -6 = 48 km per hour
speed in m/s =48 * 5/18 = 13.33 m / s
length of train = 12*13.33 = 159.6 meters
speed for platform =54*5/18 = 15 m / s
length of platform+ train = 20*15 = 300
length of platform = 300 159 = 140 meters approx.
5 DECEMBER 09

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32

A man sitting in a train which is travelling at 50mph

observes that a goods train travelling in opposite
direction takes 9 sec to pass him .If the goods train is
150m long find its speed

Solution : Distance travelled = 150

speed =150/9 = 16.66 meters per second
or 16.66 * 18/5 = 60 km per hour approx.
Thus the speed of goods train is 60-50 = 10 km
5 DECEMBER 09

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33

Two trains are moving in the same direction at

65kmph and 47kmph. The faster train crosses a man
in slower train in18sec.the length of the faster train is

Solution : =
When the trains are going in same direction,
we take difference of their speed.
65-47 =18 km per hour or 5 meters per second
distance travelled =(time 18 seconds * speed 5
meters per second) = 18 * 5 = 90 meters.
Thus the length of faster train is 90 meters.
5 DECEMBER 09

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34

A train overtakes two persons who are walking in the

same direction in which the train is going at the rate
of 2kmph and 4kmph and passes them completely in
9 sec and 10 sec respectively. The length of train is
Solution : let us assume the speed of train to be X.
(X-2) * 9/3600 = (X-4) *10/3600
9X 18 = 10X 40
X=22 km per hour.
thus distance travelled = (22-4) * 5/18 = 5 m/s
time=10 seconds so length of train = 5*10 = 50 meters.
5 DECEMBER 09

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35

Two stations A & B are 110 km apart on a straight line.

One train starts from A at 7am and travels towards B at
20kmph. Another train starts from B at 8am an travels toward
A at a speed of 25kmph.At what time will they meet

From 7 am to 8 am only A is travelling. It

would travel 20 km. Now 90 km is to be
covered. 90 / (20+25)
=2 hours
so at 10 am they will meet.

5 DECEMBER 09

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36

A train travelling at 48kmph completely crosses another

train
having half its length an travelling inopposite direction at
42kmph
in12 sec.It also passes a railway platform in 45sec.the
length of platform is
Distance by 2 trains = (48+42) = 90 or 25 m/s
25 * 12=300 meters. So the length of train is 200 meters.
Platform : 48 * 5/18 =13.33 m/ s
45*13.33 = 600
so length of platform = 600-200=400 meters. Answer

5 DECEMBER 09

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37

Find the time taken by a train

180m long,running at 72kmph in
crossing an electric pole

Speed of train = 72 * 5/18 = 20 m / s

time required = 180/20 = 6 seconds. Answer

5 DECEMBER 09

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38

Two concentric circles form a ring. The inner

and outer circumference of the ring are
352/7 m and 528/7m respectively. Find the
width of the ring.
Solution:
Formula of circumference = 2 Pi * radius
2 * 22/7 * radius = 352/7
Formula of circumference = 2 Pi * radius
2 * 22/7 * radius = 528/7
thus width of ring = 12-8 = 4 answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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39

Four circular cardboard pieces, each of radius 7cm

are placed in such a way that each piece touches two
other pieces. The area of the space encosed by the
four pieces is
Solution :
area of one circle = (22/7) * 7 * 7 =154
square of on one circle = 14*14 = 196
difference of area : 42
one side 42/4 =10.5
we have 4 cirlces, each has 10.5 cm of space enclosed, so
total space enclosed is 42 sq. cm. Answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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40

A semicircular shaped window

has diameter of 63cm. Its
perimeter equals
Circumference of circle = diameter * 22/7
= 63 * 22/7 = 198
it is semicircle so divide by 2 = 99
add diameter also to denote one side : 99+63
5 DECEMBER 09

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41

The length of the room is 5.5m and width is

3.75m. Find the cost of paving
the floor by slabs at the rate of Rs.800 per sq
meter.
Total area = 5.5 * 3.75
=20.63
multiply it by 800
=Rs.16500

5 DECEMBER 09

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42

The no of revolutions a wheel of

diameter 49 cm makes in traveling
a distance of 176m is
Solution :
circumference = 22/7 * 49 = 154
17600 / 154 = 114.29
thus the wheel will make 115 revolutions.
5 DECEMBER 09

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43

.A cow s tethered in the middle of a field with a 14feet

long rope.If the cow grazes 100 sq feet per day, then
approximately what time will be taken by the cow to
graze the whole field?

Solution
Area 22/7 * 14 * 14 = 616
time required = 616/100 = 6.16
so cow will take little over 6 days to
completely graze the whole field. Answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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44

A man runs round a circular field of radius 49m at the

speed of 120 m/hr. What is the time taken by the man
to take twenty rounds of the field?

Solution :
circumference = 2* 22/7 * 49 =308
total distance to be travelled = 308 * 20 = 6160
time required = 6160/120 =51.3 hours.

5 DECEMBER 09

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45

.The wheel of a motorcycle 70cm in diameter

makes 40 revolutions in every 10sec.
What is the speed of motorcycle in km/hr?

Speed covered in 1 seconds : 4 * 22/7 *70

=880 cm or 8.8 meters.
Speed in km per hour :
8.8 * 18/5 = 31.68 km per hour answer

5 DECEMBER 09

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46

A wire can be bent in the form of

If it is bent in the form of a
square, then its area will be
Solution :
its circumference is : 2 * 22/7 *56
= 352
when you make a circle out of it, one side will be : 352/4
= 88
thus its area will be : 88*88 =7744 answer

5 DECEMBER 09

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47

The area of the largest triangle

that can be inscribed in a
Area of triangle = Formula = 1/2 * base *
height
= * (2+2) *2

5 DECEMBER 09

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48

A rectangular plot measuring 90 meters

by 50 meters is to be enclosed
by wire fencing. If the poles of the fence
are kept 5 meters apart. How many poles
will be needed?
The total boundary = 2(90+50)= 280
280/5 = 56
so we will need 56 poles

5 DECEMBER 09

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49

The length of a rectangular plot is 20

meters more than its breadth. If the cost
of fencing the plot @ 26.50 per meter is
Rs. 5300. What is the length of the plot in
meter?
Total fencing = 5300/26.5 = 200
2(L+B) = 200
2(B+20+B) = 200
2B+20=100 or B=40 and L=60
so length is 60 meters answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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50

A rectangular field is to be fenced on three sides

leaving a side of 20 feet uncovered.
If the area of the field is 680 sq feet, how many feet of
fencing will be required?

Length = X bredth = 20
20X =680, or X = 34
boundary =2(34+20)=108
but we will not cover one side =108-20=88
5 DECEMBER 09

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51

A rectangular paper when folded into two congruent parts had

a perimeter of 34cm for each part folded along one set of sides
and the same is 38cm. When folded along the other set of sides.
What is the area of the paper?

When we fold from mid of length

= L+2B=34
When we fold from mid of width
= 2L+B=38
L+B=24, where L =14, B=10
so area of paper =14*10 =140 answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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52

A took 15 seconds to cross a rectangular field diagonally

walking at the rate of 52 m/min and B took the same time
to cross the same field along its sides walking at the rate
of 68m/min. The area of the field is?
Diagonal = 52*15/60=13
of perimeter=68*15/60=17
X+Y=17 -- 1st
X^2+Y^2 =169 -- 2nd
square of 1st equation:X^2+Y^2+2XY=289
2XY=120 or XY =60
thus area of field is 60 sq.meter.
5 DECEMBER 09

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53

The cost of fencing a square field @ Rs. 20 per metre

is Rs.10.080.How much will it cost to lay a three
meter wide pavement along the fencing inside the
field @ Rs. 50 per sq m

Boundary = 10.08/.20 = 50.4

one side is 12.6 area : 158.76
area without pavement : (12.6-6)^2= 43.56
pavement = 115.2
cost = 115.2*.5 = Rs. 57.6 answer
5 DECEMBER 09

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54

Aman walked diagonally across a square plot.

Approximately what was the percent
saved by not walking along the edges?
Let us assume that the side of square is 1. had
he walked along edges, he would have
travelled 2. he walked on diagonal so he
walked sqrt(2) = 1.41
thus he has saved (2-1.41) =.59
or we can say that he has saved 29.5% answer

5 DECEMBER 09

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55

.A man walking at the speed of 4

km p.h. crosses a square field
diagonally in 30 minutes.
The area of the field is
The diagonal is 2 km or 2000 meters
side of square is : 2000/sqrt(2) =1414
area of field =2000000 sq. m. Or 200 hectares

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62-bd4a-1a9c1b002d47/reasoning-15-may

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s
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Be

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-Afterschoool

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reasoning

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THANKS....