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Class: 10th

ALGEBRA

5 Mark questions

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1. Using elimination method, solve 101x + 99y = 499, 99x + 101y = 501
2. Solve 3(2x + y) = 7xy ; 3(x + 3y) = 11xy using elimination method
3. In a two digit number, the digit in the unit place is twice of the digit in the tenth place. If
the

digits are reversed, the new number is 27 more than the given number. Find the

number.
4. A fraction is such that if the numerator is multiplied by 3 and the denominator is reduced
18
, but if the numerator is increased by 8 and the denominator is doubled, we
11

by 3, we get
get

2
. Find the fraction.
5

5. Eight men and twelve boys can finish a piece of work in 10 days while six men and eight
boys can finish the same work in 14 days. Find the number of days taken by one man alone
to complete the work and also one boy alone to complete the work.
6. If the quotient on dividing 2x4+ x3- 14x2 - 19x + 6 by 2x + 1 is x3 + ax3- bx 6. Find the
values of a and b, also the remainder.
7. If the quotient on dividing x4+ 10x3 + 35x2 + 50x + 29 by x + 4 is x3- ax2 + bx + 6 , then find
a, b and also the remainder.
8. If the quotient on dividing, 8x4 - 2x2 + 6x - 7 by 2x + 1 is 4x3 + px2 qx + 3, then find p, q
and also the remainder.
9. Factorize 2x3- 3x2- 3x + 2 into linear factors.
10. Factorize x3 - 3x2- 10x + 24
11. Factorize each of the following polynomials.(i) x3 - 2x2- 5x+ 6
(iii)x3- 23x2+ 142x- 120

(ii) 4x3- 7x + 3

## (vi) x3+ 13x2+ 32x + 20

(x) 2x3+ 11x2- 7x - 6

## (xi) x3+ x2+ x - 14 (xii) x3- 5x2- 2x + 24.

12. Find the GCD of the following : 6( 2x2 - 3x - 2) , 8( 4x2 + 4x +1) , 12 (2x2+ 7x+ 3).
13. Find the GCD of the polynomials x4+ 3x3- x- 3 and x3+ x2- 5x+ 3.

x 8
x 4

14. Multiply

x 6x 8
x 2x 4
2

by

## N.ELANGOVAN B.T.ASST., IN MATHS GHS, MULLIPET. ARNI . TVM.,DT.,

CELL:9500498581

x 1
x 25
2

15. Divided.

16. Simplify

1.

by

x
x

ALGEBRA

4x 5

4x 5

16

3x 2

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x 4 x 4 x 16
x 64 x 2 x 8
2

3x 2 x 1 X 2 x 3 x 2
x 3 x 2 3x 5 x 2
2

2.

2x 1
x 4 8x
x3
X 2
X 2
3. 2
x 2 x 4 2 x 5x 3 x 2 x

4.

2 x 2 5x 3 2 x 2 x 1

2x2 9x 9 2x2 x 3

5.

x 2 4 x 5 x 2 3x 10
2
x 2 25
x 7 x 10

6.

x 2 11 x 28 x 2 11 x 28
2
x 2 4 x 77
x 2 x 15

7.

2 x 2 13 x 15 2 x 2 x 6
2
x 2 3x 10
x 4x 4

8.

3x 2 x 4
4x2 4

9 x 2 16
3x 2 2 x 1

2 x 2 5x 3 2 x 2 x 1

9.
2x2 9x 9 2x2 x 3

## N.ELANGOVAN B.T.ASST., IN MATHS GHS, MULLIPET. ARNI . TVM.,DT.,

CELL:9500498581

ALGEBRA

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2x 1 x 1 x 2
17.Simplify
as a quotient of two polynomials in the simplest form.

x 1 2x 1 x 1

18. Simplify the following as a quotient of two polynomials in the simplest form.
x2 4
x 2 11 x 30

1. 2
x 6 x 8 x 2 x 20

2 x 5 x 2 1 3x 2
2
2.

x 1 x 1 x 1

3.

19. If P

1
1
2
2
2
.
x 3x 2 x 5 x 6 x 4 x 3
2

x
y
1
2Q
,Q
, then find
2
.
x y
x y
P Q P Q2

## i) (6x2- x- 2)( 3x2- 5x+ 2)( 2x2- x- 1)

ii) (x2-25)(x2+8x+15)(x2-2x-15)
iii) (6x2+5x-6)(6x2-x-2)(4x2+8x+3)
iv) (2x2-5x+2)(3x2-5x-2)(6x2 - x -1)

## 21. Find the square roor of 1 4 x 10x 2 12x3 9 x 4

i) x 4 4 x3 10x 2 12x 9
22. Find the square root of x4- 10x3+ 37x2- 60x + 36 .
23. Find the square root of x4- 6x3 + 19x2- 30x + 25.

## N.ELANGOVAN B.T.ASST., IN MATHS GHS, MULLIPET. ARNI . TVM.,DT.,

CELL:9500498581

ALGEBRA

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24. If m - nx + 28x2 + 12x3 + 9x4 is a perfect square, the find the values of m and n.

25. Find the square root of the following polynomials by division method.
(i) x4- 4x3 + 10x2 - 12x + 9 (ii) 4x4+ 8x3+ 8x2+ 4x + 1
( iii) 9x4 - 6x3 + 7x2 - 2x + 1

## (iv) 4+ 25x2- 12x- 24x3+ 16x4

26. Find the values of a and b if the following polynomials are perfect squares.
(i) 4x4- 12x3 + 37x2 + ax + b (ii) x4 - 4x3 + 10x2 - ax + b
(iii) ax4 + bx3 + 109x2 - 60x + 36 (iv) ax4 - bx3 + 40x2 + 24x+ 36
6
1
1

0
2
2
7 x 21 x 6 x 9 x 9

27.

Solve

28.

Solve

29.

The base of a triangle is 4 cm longer than its altitude. If the area of the triangle is 48

24 10 x 3 4 x,3 4 x >0

## sq. cm, then find its base and altitude..

30.

A car left 30 minutes later than the scheduled time. In order to reach its destination
150 km away in time, it has to increase its speed by 25 km/hr from its usual speed.
Find its usual speed.

31.

The sum of a number and its reciprocal is65 / 8. Find the number.

32.

The difference of the squares of two positive numbers is 45. The square of the smaller
number is four times the larger number. Find the numbers.

33.

A farmer wishes to start a 100 sq.m rectangular vegetable garden. Since he has only
30m barbed wire, he fences the sides of the rectangular garden letting his house
compound wall act as the fourth side fence. Find the dimension of the garden.

## N.ELANGOVAN B.T.ASST., IN MATHS GHS, MULLIPET. ARNI . TVM.,DT.,

CELL:9500498581

34 .

ALGEBRA

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A rectangular field is 20 m long and 14 m wide. There is a path of equal width all
around it having an area of 111 sq. metres. Find the width of the path on the outside.

35.

A train covers a distance of 90 km at a uniform speed. Had the speed been 15 km/hr
more, it would have taken 30 minutes less for the journey. Find the original speed of
the

36.

train.

The speed of a boat in still water is 15 km/hr. It goes 30 km upstream and return
downstream to the original point in 4 hrs 30 minutes. Find the speed of the stream.

37.

One year ago, a man was 8 times as old as his son. Now his age is equal to the square of
his sons age. Find their present ages.

38.

A chess board contains 64 equal squares and the area of each square is 6.25 cm2 . A
border around the board is 2 cm wide. Find the length of the side of the chess board.

39.

A takes 6 days less than the time taken by B to finish a piece of work. If both A and
B together can finish it in 4 days, find the time that B would take to finish this work by
himself.

40.

Two trains leave a railway station at the same time. The first train travels due west and
the second train due north. The first train travels 5 km/hr faster than the second train.
If after two hours, they are 50 km apart, find the average speed of each train

41.

## Prove that the roots of the equation (a b + c) x 2 + 2(a - b) x +( a - b - c) = 0

rational numbers for all real numbers a and b and for all rational c.

42.

Find the values of k so that the equation x2 - 2x( 1+ 3k) +7 ( 3 +2k) = 0 has real and
equal roots.

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43.

ALGEBRA

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i) 2 2 ii) 4 4

44.

iii)

3 3

2
2
and
.
whose roots are

45.

46.

- and -.

47.

roots are

48.

and

## If and are the roots of the equation 3x 2 6 x 1 0 , form an equation whose

roots are (i)

50.

1 1
,
(ii) 2 , 2 (iii) 2 ,2

Find a quadratic equation whose roots are the reciprocal of the roots of the equation
4 x 2 3x 1 0 .

51.

52.

53.

## If one root of the equation 3x 2 kx 81 0 is the square of the other, find k.

If one root of the equation 2 x 2 ax 64 0 is twice the other, then find the value of a
If and are the roots of 5 x 2 px 1 0and 1, , then find p.

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