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RWAL.

SPC
REAR WHEEL ANTI-LOCK BRAKING SYSTEM DATA STREAM
APPLICATIONS FOR LIGHT-DUTY TRUCKS:

*
*

1988-91
1989-91
1989-91
1990-91
1990-94
1992-95
1992-95

C/K
M
S/T
R/V
(EXCEPT 3+3 CREW CAB MODELS)
G
S/T PICK-UP ONLY
C/K PICK-UP ONLY

The RWAL Fault codes may be read by monitoring the ALDL Pin H (PIN 12 FOR
1995 S/T).
This pin does multiple functions, Speed signal to RWAL, diagnostic
code flash enable and diagnostic code readout.
The fault codes are pulsed on the ALDL Pin H. At zero speed this
line will be at B+ volts (battery voltage. The pulses will be 1
to 1.7 volts below B+. The pulse count will correspond to the
fault code, for example; a pulse count of 6 would correspond to
code 6. The pulse width is approximately 4.0 to 4.5 milliseconds
with and equal space between pulses. The fault code pulse count
is repeated at 600 millisecond intervals.
RWAL ALDL Pin H voltage test 1.

Voltage is 8.0 to 16.0


Voltage is within normal range.
RWAL tests may proceed.

2.

Voltage is zero This indicates a blown RWAL/DRAC ignition fuse, open in


RWAL/DRAC igniton circuit, open circuit in speed signal to
RWAL, short circuit in speed signal to RWAL.

3.

Voltage is low - less than 8.0 volts but not 0.0 This indicates either low battery voltage, a poor connection
from DRAC speed signal output, or a problem with the
DRAC.
Low battery voltage may be checked by looking at ECM voltage,
however, this will not detect a poor connection or
DRAC problem.

4.

Voltage is greater than 16.0 volts.


Charging system is overcharging.
This condition may be checked by looking at ECM voltage.

In counting code pulses, count the number of short flashes starting from the
long flash. Include the long flash as a count. NOTE! Sometimes the first
count sequence is short because the flashout started with the count already in

progress. Subsequent counts, however, will be accurate. If there is more than


one failure, only the first recognized failure code will be retained and
flashed.
Failure detected

Probable Correction

Not used.

N/A

Open isolation valve,


wiring or faulty module.

Ohmeter valve pin for 3.0 6.0 ohms to ground.

Open dump valve wiring or


faulty module.

Ohmeter valve pin for 1.0 3.0 ohms to ground.

Closed RWAL valve switch.

Faulty valve or wiring shorted.

Over 16 dump pulses


generated.(This is disabled
in 4WD).

Remove/Replace module power plug


to reset. Check out system for pos
sible reasons.

6
.

Erratic sensor.

DRAC signal is quickly cutting in & out

Internal fuse pellet blown, Verify 3.0 - 6.0 ohms to ground before
isolation output missing or replacing module.
valve wiring shorted-ground.

Dump output missing or valve Verify 1.0 - 3.0 ohms to ground before
wiring shorted-ground.
replacing module.

DRAC signal missing, wiring


open or shorted to ground.

Determine if DRAC signal is missing.

10

Open brake wire or switch


adjustment off.

Check for battery voltage with


ignition on and pedal up.

11

Not used.

N/A

12

Not used.

N/A

13

Module phase lock loop fail. Faulty module.

14

Module program checksum fail. Faulty module.

15

Module RAM fail.

Faulty module.

16

No failure detected.

N/A

No. of
Flashes