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Fluidmesh 2200 Series

User manual
Firmware Version 4.0

Fluidmesh 2200 Series


Copyright 2005-2007 Fluidmesh Networks, Inc.

WARNING
ONLY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL SHOULD INSTALL THIS UNIT. THE
INSTALLATION SHOULD CONFORM TO ALL LOCAL CODES. IN SOME
COUNTRIES, A CERTIFIED ELECTRICIAN MAY BE REQUIRED.

CAUTION
When open, the apparatus should not be dripping or splashing.
Objects filled with liquid should not be placed on the apparatus.

NOTICE TO USERS
Copyright Fluidmesh Networks, Inc. All rights reserved. This
manual or the software described herein, in whole or in part, shall
not be reproduced, translated or reduced to any machine-readable
form without prior written approval from Fluidmesh Networks, Inc.
FLUIDMESH NETWORKS, INC. PROVIDES NO WARRANTY WITH
REGARD TO THIS MANUAL, THE SOFTWARE OR OTHER
INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN AND HEREBY EXPRESSLY
DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH REGARD TO THIS
MANUAL, THE SOFTWARE OR SUCH OTHER INFORMATION. IN NO
EVENT SHALL FLUIDMESH NETWORKS, INC. BE LIABLE FOR ANY
INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
BASED ON TORT, CONTRACT, OR OTHERWISE, ARISING OUT OF OR
IN CONNECTION WITH THIS MANUAL, THE SOFTWARE OR OTHER
INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN OR THE USE THEREOF.
Fluidmesh Networks, Inc. reserves the right to make any
modification to this manual or the information contained herein at
any time without notice.
The software described herein may also be governed by the terms
of a separate user license agreement.
Fluidmesh is a trademark of Fluidmesh Networks, Inc.
Microsoft, Windows, Internet Explorer are registered trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Ethernet is a registered trademark of Xerox Corporation.
All other brands and product names are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective owners.

TABLES OF CONTENTS
WARNING ...................................................................................................................3
CAUTION.....................................................................................................................3
NOTICE TO USERS..................................................................................................3
TABLES OF CONTENTS..........................................................................................4
1 Manual Overview .............................................................................................6
2 Precautions ........................................................................................................6
3 Fluidmesh Architecture Overview .............................................................7
3.1 Mesh Networking Basics .......................................................................7
3.2 Default FM2200 Addressing ................................................................8
4 Installation and System Set-up.................................................................9
4.1 Proper Installation Procedures...........................................................9
4.2 Connecting Antennas...........................................................................10
4.3 Powering on an FM2200 .....................................................................10
4.4 Connecting and Configuring an Ethernet Edge-device (e.g.
IP Camera, Video Encoder) ...........................................................................11
4.4.1 Multicast Streaming .....................................................................11
4.5 Installing a Video-Encoder into the enclosure ...........................12
4.6 Factory Default Hardware Reset .....................................................12
5 Web-based Interface and Configuration ..............................................13
5.1 Software and Hardware Requirements.........................................13
5.2 Logging in to the Web-based Interface ........................................14
5.3 End-user License Agreement and Region of Operation .........15
5.4 Web-based Interface Menus .............................................................17
5.5 General Configuration .........................................................................17
5.6 Wireless Settings...................................................................................19
5.7 Physical Statistics..................................................................................21
5.8 Routing Tables........................................................................................22
5.9 Remote Subnets ....................................................................................23
5.10 Firmware Upgrade ................................................................................24
5.11 Plug-in Management ............................................................................25
5.12 Ethernet Ports (Mesh Point Mode Only) .......................................26
5.12.1
Default ...........................................................................................26
5.12.2
Custom ..........................................................................................27
5.12.3
Routing ..........................................................................................27
5.13 Universal Plug & Play (Mesh End Mode Only) ............................28
5.14 Add Remote Subnet (Mesh End Mode Only) ..............................29
5.15 List of FM2200 ........................................................................................30
6 Wired LAN Configuration ............................................................................30
7 Troubleshooting .............................................................................................32
7.1 I am unable to get the login screen ..............................................32
7.2 I am unable to login into the Web-based interface .................33
7.3 I forgot the administrator password..............................................34
7.4 I am unable to get any video from a camera ............................34
APPENDIX A.............................................................................................................35
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement............35
4

FCC Radiation Exposure Statement ...........................................................35


Industry Canada ....................................................................................................35
EC Declaration of Conformity ...........................................................................35
APPENDIX B.............................................................................................................37
Contact Information .............................................................................................37

1 Manual Overview
This manual explains how to install and operate a Fluidmesh 2200
unit.
Note that the screenshots shown in this manual are explanatory
examples and may be different from the ones that appear when you
run the configuration software.

2 Precautions
This product is for professional use only.
This product has been designed with safety in mind. However, if not
used properly, it can cause fires which may lead to serious bodily
injuries. To avoid such accidents, make sure that you are properly
qualified to install this product.
In Case of Breakdown
In case of system breakdown, discontinue use and immediately
contact your authorized Fluidmesh Networks dealer or Fluidmesh
Networks, Inc. directly.
In Case of Abnormal Operations
If the unit emits smoke or an unusual smell, if water or other
foreign matter enters the enclosure, or if your drop the unit or
damage the enclosure, power off the unit immediately and contact
your authorized Fluidmesh Networks dealer or Fluidmesh Networks,
Inc. directly.

3 Fluidmesh Architecture Overview


This section describes the Fluidmesh mesh networking architecture
and the basic functions of the Fluidmesh 2200 (FM2200) unit.

3.1

Mesh Networking Basics

Fluidmesh Networks develops wireless networking solutions based


on innovative mesh networking architecture which presents
unmatched advantages in terms of reliability and flexibility
compared to any traditional wireless solution.
Using Fluidmesh technology for your network allows you to take
advantage of this powerful wireless mesh networking architecture. A
sample Wireless Mesh Network (WMN) is shown in Fig. 1. In a
wireless mesh network, every FM2200 unit transmits the data
packets coming from the devices directly attached to it and also
acts as an intelligent router able to forward packets coming from
other FM2200 units through the optimal path.
In a redundant and reliable mesh network, every stream of data
packets has multiple available paths to reach the base station and
the network forwards the packets through the optimal path at any
point in time. The absence of any single point of failure incredibly
increases its reliability compared to any other transmission
technology, either wireless or wired.

Figure 1. Fluidmesh mesh networking architecture.

The FM2200 has two modes of operation:

Mesh point mode


Mesh end mode

Mesh point mode: It is the default mode for the FM2200. Each
unit that only communicates with other FM2200 units via radio and
is not connected to the wired LAN backbone must be set in mesh
point mode.
Mesh end mode: In the Fluidmesh WMN, a FM2200 unit that is
both wirelessly connected with other FM2200 units and connected to
the wired LAN must be set in mesh end mode. The mesh end is
the junction point between the wireless mesh network and any IPbased wired network.
A typical Fluidmesh network installation for video-surveillance is
depicted in Fig. 2.

3.2

Default FM2200 Addressing

Each FM2200 is uniquely identified by a default factory-set IP


address in the following format:
5.a.b.c
Every FM2200 has unique values of a, b and c which represent the
unit ID. The goal of the unit ID is to provide easier and quicker
identification of an FM2200 within the network. The unit ID cannot
be changed by the user and does not depend on the mode of

Figure 2. Fluidemesh video-surveillance architecture.

operation, i.e., it remains unchanged both in mesh point and in


mesh end mode.
Each FM2200 has two Ethernet ports with a dedicated IP address.
The Ethernet IP addresses depend on whether the router is
operating in mesh point or mesh end mode. A detailed description
of the configuration process of these operating modes can be found
in Section 4.
Note that the unit ID is very important as it can be exploited to
quickly configure the devices, such as cameras, which will be
connected to the FM2200. Please refer to Section 4 for details.

4 Installation and System Set-up


The FM2200 is designed for outdoor operations. The waterproof
enclosure contains a 50W power supply that is used to power the
FM2200 and any other equipment installed inside the enclosure,
such as one or more video-servers, Power-over-Ethernet injectors
or Ethernet switches. Fig. 3 shows the connectors present on the
front side of the FM2200 when the cover is removed.

4.1

Proper Installation Procedures

The FM2200 can be installed on a wall or pole using the mounting


adapters provided. Both wall brackets and a pole-mounting adapter
are supplied with the FM2200 kit.
In order to prevent overheating of the system, the FM2200 kit
includes a Sunshield. Installing the Sunshield is strongly
recommended in case the unit is exposed to direct solar radiation
for long periods of time.
IMPORTANT: Powering the FM2200 before connecting the
antennas to the proper connectors (see Fig. 3) might
irreparably damage the unit so always be sure to have the
proper antenna attached to the FM2200 connectors.

Figure 3. FM2200 front side (front panel open) and connectors.

4.2

Connecting Antennas

Every FM2200 has two N-Female connectors for antennas. As shown


in Fig. 3, the connector on the left is for the 2.4 GHz antenna while
the connector on the right is for the 5 GHz antenna.
The antennas need to be connected using an appropriate low-loss
coaxial cable with N-Male connectors.
The use of a lighting arrestor is strongly recommended for
outdoor usage. Make sure to use a low-loss lighting protector with
appropriate frequency range.
Your Fluidmesh Networks representative can provide you with
appropriate lighting protectors, pre-assembled low-loss coaxial
cables and antennas for your application.

4.3

Powering on an FM2200

The FM2200 enclosure is equipped with watertight cord-grips for


data and AC power cables. Data cables (Ethernet or coaxial cables)
diameters must fall within the range 0.19 -0.39 inches (5-10 mm)

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while the AC power cable must be between 0.23 and 0.59 inches (615 mm). In order to guarantee proper sealing, make sure that all
the cables connected through the watertight cord-grips have the
correct diameter.

4.4
Connecting and Configuring an Ethernet
Edge-device (e.g. IP Camera, Video Encoder)
The FM2200 unit has two Ethernet ports that can be used to
connect Ethernet edge devices, such as IP cameras, videoencoders, DVR, VoIP phone, etc. The Ethernet edge device must be
connected to the FM2200 using an Ethernet crossover cable1.
By default, each Ethernet ports of the FM2200 is provided with an
IP address of class A. Specifically:
Ethernet port #1
Ethernet port #2

IP Address
1.0.0.1
2.0.0.1

Netmask
255.0.0.0
255.0.0.0

In the default configuration, any Ethernet device connected to the


FM2200 should use an IP address of class A which must be set
according to the following table:

Camera #1
Camera #2

IP Address
1.a.b.c
2.a.b.c

Netmask
255.0.0.0
255.0.0.0

Default Gateway
1.0.0.1
2.0.0.1

where a, b, c corresponds to the digits that form the unit ID of the


FM2200 to which the camera is attached.
The rationale behind the above configuration is to keep the Ethernet
edge device configuration process as easy as possible. In fact, to
make the network operational, you can simply look at the unit ID of
each FM2200 and configure the related Ethernet device according to
the procedure described above. No additional configuration is
required. Manually setting the IP address of each FM2200 Ethernet
port is possible through the Web-based Graphical User Interface
(GUI) as discussed in Section 5.10.
4.4.1 Multicast Streaming
To enable multicast video-stream from IP cameras or videoencoder, no multicast group setting is required. Every multicast
packet will be forwarded by the mesh point unit towards the
closest mesh end unit.

Make sure to use a cable manufactured for outdoor usage.

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4.5
Installing a Video-Encoder into the
enclosure
One or more video-encoders can be installed directly within the
enclosure. To install a video encoder, use the internal video-server
mounting kit provided with the FM2200. The kit contains a movable
plate that can be fixed to the enclosure. The movable plate can be
placed at different heights based on the size of the video server.
You can attach the video-server(s) on the moveable plate using the
slots provided.
The FM2200 comes with an internal 50W AC-to-DC power supply.
The power supply is used both to power the FM2200 as well as
other electrical equipment that might be installed inside the
enclosure, such as video-servers, Power-over-Ethernet injectors or
small Ethernet switches. A copy of the power supply specifications is
available with the FM2200 documentation. If you want to use the
internal FM2200 power supply for other equipment, make sure to
understand the technical details or refer to qualified personnel to
perform the operation. Note that the maximum power consumption
of the FM2200 is 10 W. The sum of all electrical devices connected
to the internal power supply must result in a power consumption
less than 40W.

4.6

Factory Default Hardware Reset

The FM2200 has a button that allows the user to reset the unit to
factory default settings. The location of the button is shown in Fig.
3.
To reset the FM2200 to factory default settings, power up the unit
and wait approximately two minutes for the unit to boot. Once the
unit is up and running, press the reset button and keep it down for
10 seconds. The LEDs will blink when the reset to factory default
signal is received. Then release the button but do NOT power off
the unit after the LEDs blink. The FM2200 will restore the factory
default settings and automatically reboot.
After the reset, the unit is restored to the mesh point mode and the
administrators password is set to:
Username: admin
Password: admin

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5 Web-based Interface and Configuration


Every FM2200 unit can be configured using a Web-based graphical
user interface (GUI).
By default, each FM2200 is configured in mesh point mode. To
change the settings on the unit, you need to log in to the Webbased interface.

5.1

Software and Hardware Requirements

An FM2200 unit can be configured through a Web-based interface.


To perform the Web-based configuration, you need a PC with a
Web-browser, an Ethernet port, and a crossover Ethernet cable.
Requirements List:

Cat5 Crossover Ethernet cable with RJ45 connectors.


PC with the following characteristics:
Windows XP or Windows 2000. In this manual, we are
assuming you are using Windows XP and every instruction or
screenshot is based on this assumption. The FM2200 can also
be configured using other OS, such as Linux or older versions
of Windows.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6. In this manual, we assume
that you are using Microsoft Internet Explorer 6. An FM2200
can also be configured using other browsers such as older
versions of Internet Explorer, Firefox or Safari but the
configuration using these browsers has not been thoroughly
tested.
Wired Ethernet Network Card.
Hardware Requirements. Typical PC hardware allowing for
proper operations of Windows XP and Microsoft Internet
Explorer 6.

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5.2

Logging in to the Web-based Interface

Power up the FM2200 making sure the antennas are properly


connected. Wait for two minutes for the initialization to be
completed. Attach an Ethernet crossover cable with RJ45 connectors
between a computer and the FM2200 that you want to configure
using Ethernet port #1, as shown in Fig. 3. Configure the wired
Ethernet port of your computer with the following settings:
IP Address
1.a.b.c.

Netmask
255.0.0.0

Default Gateway
1.0.0.1

where <a, b, c> is the serial number of the FM2200.


If you do not know the serial number of your FM2200, configure the
Ethernet port of your computer with the following settings:
IP Address
1.0.0.2

Netmask
255.0.0.0

Default Gateway
1.0.0.1

Once you logged into the FM2200, you will be able to determine the
serial number of the unit. Then change the IP address of your
computer from 1.0.0.2 to 1.a.b.c. to be able to fully access the
mesh network.
If you do not know how to configure your Windows PC, please refer
to the troubleshooting section where the manual IP configuration
process is described.
Disable the Access the Internet using a proxy server function.
To disable this function, go to Control Panel > Internet Options
> Connections > LAN Settings and uncheck the Enable box.
Disable your wireless Wi-Fi card of your PC if present or avoid
routing issues between the two network interfaces of your

Figure 4. Login window.

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computer.
Open a Web-browser such as Internet Explorer and type the
following URL:
http://1.0.0.1
Make sure not to omit the initial http://. Some browsers might not
work without the http:// prefix preceding the numeric address.
A Log In form asking for a user name and a password should appear
as shown in Fig. 4. The default settings are:
Username: admin
Password: admin
To preserve the security of your system, make sure you change the
default password once the entire installation is completed.
In case the Log In form does not appear, please refer to the
troubleshooting section.

5.3 End-user License Agreement and Region of


Operation
The first time you log in, you will be asked to accept the terms of
the end-user license agreement and select the country where you
will be operating the FM2200 unit (Fig. 5). You must accept the
terms of the license agreement in order to activate the device. If
you do not wish to accept the terms of the license agreement,
please turn off the unit and contact Fluidmesh Networks.
Choosing a wrong country/regulatory domain setting may lead to an
illegal wireless configuration.

15

Figure 5. End-user license agreement.

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5.4

Web-based Interface Menus

Once logged in successfully, the general mode page will appear as


shown in Fig. 6. Through this page you can change the mode of
operation of the device. The item list menu on the left can be used
to set/modify the configuration of the FM2200.

5.5

General Configuration

The FM2200 has two modes of operations:

Mesh point mode


Mesh end mode

The factory default mode is mesh point.


To change mode, click on the general mode page link on the lefthand menu.
No configuration is required (e.g., setting the FM2200 Ethernet port
addresses) when the FM2200 is operating in mesh point mode.
The FM2200 can safely operate using the default settings. To

Figure 6. General mode menu.

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Figure 7. General configuration menu. Switching from mesh point mode to


mesh end mode.

change the default settings, access the Advanced Settings menu by


clicking on the Ethernet ports link. Please refer to Section 5.11 for
details.
When operating in mesh end mode you need to configure the
settings of the FM2200 Ethernet port to be connected to the control
room LAN. An example is depicted in Fig. 7. Remember to use the
new IP address set to configure the FM2200 unit.
If you do not know how to configure the LAN settings, contact the
local network administrator before changing the settings of the
mesh end unit.

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5.6

Wireless Settings

The wireless settings menu (Fig. 8) is used to set up the wireless


network operations. You can access the wireless settings menu by
clicking on wireless radio. The following wireless parameters are
available:
Shared Passphrase. The shared passphrase is a shared secret
that must be set in every FM2200 forming a wireless network. Any
FM2200 unit that does not have the right passphrase will not be
able to be part of the network. Different passphrases can also be
used to create separate wireless bridges in the same area and
sharing the same frequencies.
Country. You need to specify the country where you will operate

Figure 8. Wireless parameters configuration.

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the FM2200. Different countries have different telecommunications


regulations. Setting the country properly allows you to operate the
FM2200 in compliance with national regulations. The available
frequencies and other settings related to the RF operation will vary
based on the selected country.
Choosing the wrong country/regulatory domain setting may lead to
an illegal operation of the FM2200. Make sure the country has been
properly specified before changing the frequency of the system.
Frequency Selectors. Every FM2200 is equipped with a multi-band
radio capable of operating on the 2.4 GHz, 4.9 GHz, 5.3 GHz, and
5.8 GHz bands. The radio operates using 20 MHz channels. You can
change the frequency band in order to minimize interference with
other wireless networks operating in the same area.
The frequencies listed on the Frequency Selector are the carrier
frequencies. Make sure you pick non-overlapping channels if you
need to operate more than one unit in the same area.
Maximum Link Length. The maximum distance parameter allows
you to tune the transmission time-outs based on the maximum
round-trip time in the longest link. You should type the length of the
longest link in the network.
Disable Radios. These parameters allow you to disable a specific
radio in the unit. Disabling the radio does not mean turning off the
radio chip. Do not disconnect any of the two antennas to avoid
damages to the radio chip. Disabling a radio might be useful to
exclude a particular radio in the routing calculations.
Maximum Output Power. This setting controls the output power
of the radio. By decreasing the output power of a radio you can
decrease the overall E.I.R.P. By default, the radio transmission
power is set to the maximum available. Note that the maximum
transmission power may vary depending on the operating frequency
channel of the radio.
Transmission Rate Selection. Each FM2200 implements a
proprietary optimal rate selection algorithm which is able to adapt
to the specific radio channel conditions. However, through this
setting, it is possible to force the rate selection algorithm to use a
rate which is smaller than or equal to the maximum value specified.
This option might be useful with unstable channel conditions.

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5.7

Physical Statistics

The Physical Statistics page (Fig. 9) allows you to check important


statistics related to the link level performance and the strength of
the received signals.
Signal Strength (percentage). This number provides the value of
the signal strength detected during the reception of the last packet.
Please notice that, on an FM2200, signal strength above 90% is
excellent, 80% is good, 70% is fair, and below 60% is weak.
Average Signal Strength (percentage). This number provides
the average value of the signal strength detected at packet
reception.
Signal Strength (dBm). This number provides the value of the
signal strength detected during the reception of the last packet
received, in dBm, assuming the noise floor at -95 dBm.
Average Signal Strength (dBm). This number provides the

Figure 9. Physical links statistics.

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average value of the signal strength detected at packet reception, in


dBm, assuming the noise floor at -95 dBm.

5.8

Routing Tables

The routing table is automatically built by each FM2200 unit and


reports the paths currently used by every packet generated/relayed
by the FM2200 to reach every possible destination in the network.
The best path towards a destination is selected according to the
Fluidmesh routing metrics. Fig. 10 shows two different tables
indicating the paths from the local FM2200 to all the available
destinations and vice-versa.
The Hops value indicates the number of FM2200 units used as
relays of packets to reach the destination. If the number of hops is
equal to one, there is a direct link between the local FM2200 and
the destination unit. The Fluidmesh routing algorithm will select the
best path towards the destination irrespective of the actual number
of hops.

Figure 10. Routing tables menu.

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Additionally, the routing tables show which radio frequency is


currently used to form a link. Different colors are associated to
different radio frequencies or link type as shown in the following
table:
Arrow color
RED
GREY
BLACK

Radio frequency/Link type


2.4 GHz
5 GHz
Wired

The routing table page can be exploited for network planning and
troubleshooting.

5.9

Remote Subnets

The Remote Subnets page (Fig. 11) shows the remote local
subnets reachable beyond other FM2200 units. Devices connected
to FM2200 units using the default IP configuration (refer to Section
4.4 for details) are not reported in this page.

Figure 11. Remote subnet menu.

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5.10 Firmware Upgrade


Through the Firmware Upgrade page (Fig. 12), it is possible to
upgrade the Firmware of the FM2200 to the latest version available.
To do so, download the latest Firmware upgrade file on your PC
from the Fluidmesh Networks Web site at www.fluidmesh.com1.
Select the file on your hard disk and upload it on the FM2200. This
operation might take several minutes. The unit will automatically

Figure 12. Firmware upgrade Web page.

reboot at the end of the upgrade process.


WARNING: DO NOT RESTART OR POWER OFF THE FM2200
WHILE UPGRADING THE FIRMWARE. RESTARTING OR

An approved Fluidmesh extranet account is required. Please register for a an on-line account
and contact Fluidmesh for approval.

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POWERING OFF THE FM2200 BEFORE THE UPGRADE IS


COMPLETED MIGHT DAMAGE THE UNIT.

When the upgrade is completed, check the Firmware Upgrade


page in order to make sure that the new Firmware version has been
correctly updated.
If the Firmware version has not been changed, the upgrade process
has failed. Therefore, repeat the upgrading procedure from the
beginning.

5.11 Plug-in Management


The FM2200 supports several plug-ins which extend the common
functionalities of the unit. The Plug-in page (see Fig. 13) shows the
installed plug-ins and allows you to add new ones. Please contact
Fluidmesh Networks for the complete list of available plug-ins.

Figure 13. Plug-ins management Web page

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5.12 Ethernet Ports (Mesh Point Mode Only)


This page (Fig. 14) allows you to manually configure the Ethernet
ports of the FM2200. The default Ethernet settings (see Section 4.4)
can be changed through this menu. Please note that this is an
advanced settings page for expert users only. Any incorrect setting
might cause serious malfunctions in the network.
Each wired Ethernet port can be set to operate in three modes:

Default
Manual
Routing
5.12.1

Default

By default, each Ethernet port of the FM2200 is provided with an IP


address of class A. Please refer to Section 4.4 for the default IP
class used by the FM2200.

Figure 14. Ethernet ports configuration.

26

5.12.2

Custom

Custom settings can be provided by manually configuring the IP and


netmask of every wired Ethernet port. By doing so, it is possible to
create a custom VLAN behind every Fluidmesh unit. Additionally, a
DHCP Server can be activated on every Ethernet port to dynamically
assign IP addresses to Ethernet devices with a DHCP client enabled.
Whenever possible, Fluidmesh recommends using only static IP
addresses for IP cameras or video-servers/encoders.
5.12.3

Routing

The routing mode enables the Fluidmesh proprietary routing


protocol to run on the Ethernet port. This configuration is required
whenever multiple FM2200 units are connected to each other using
crossover Ethernet cables. The routing mode must be activated on
both Fluidmesh units.

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5.13 Universal Plug & Play (Mesh End Mode


Only)
Universal Plug & Play (UPnP) is a set of protocols designed to allow
devices to connect seamlessly and to simplify the implementation of
networks
at
home
(data
sharing,
communications,
and
entertainment) and in corporate environments. Therefore, UPnPenabled edge devices such as IP cameras can be easily discovered
and managed. To enable the UPnP support, the FM2200 in mesh
end mode must be configured to forward UPnP packets to the
correct FM2200 units. Using the UPnP menu (Fig. 15) it is possible
to add the IP addresses of every FM2200 unit with UPnP-enabled
devices attached. The mesh end unit will forward UPnP multicast
packets toward those units.
UPnP support requires that the DHCP server is enabled in the
remote Fluidmesh units and uses custom subnets/VLAN only. The
default Ethernet configuration using the classes of IP addresses
1.0.0.0/8 and 2.0.0.0/8 does not support UPnP.

Figure 15. Configuring Universal Plug & Play (UPnP).

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5.14 Add Remote Subnet (Mesh End Mode Only)


Mesh end units can automatically detect remote subnets. This page
allows you to add remote subnets manually in order to decrease the
warm-up period of the automatic detection mechanism (see Fig.
16).

Figure 16. Adding static routes to the FM2200 gateway configuration.

29

5.15 List of FM2200


The Fluidmesh 2200 list page shows the FM2200 units currently
present in the mesh network. You can access the Web interface of
any of the FM2200 units connected to the network just by clicking
on their IP address.
Additionally, when operating in mesh mode (Fig. 17), it is possible
to assign a mnemonic identifier to each of the FM2200 units. The
assigned identifier will be used throughout the Web interface to
refer to a specific unit in the network (e.g., in the routing table Web

Figure 17. FM2200 list. Mnemonic identifier can be used in mesh end mode.

page). This may be convenient especially with a large mesh


network.

6 Wired LAN Configuration


A Fluidmesh network is completely compatible with any TCP/IP
wired network. Simple configuration steps must be followed to
enable the wired LAN connected to FM2200 mesh end unit to
communicate with all the FM2200 units belonging to the Fluidmesh
network. A sample network configuration is depicted in Fig. 18.
30

In order for the LAN router/gateway to properly address and route


packets towards the edge devices, the following IP subnets must be
added to the router/gateway static routes:
IP subnet
1.0.0.0
2.0.0.0
5.0.0.0

Netmask
255.0.0.0
255.0.0.0
255.0.0.0

If you do not have access to the LAN configuration or you do not


know how to set the static IP routes, contact the local network
administrator.

IP Subnets
1.0.0.0,
2.0.0.0, Visualization
5.0.0.0

NVR

ROUTER
LAN

INTERNET
IP Camera

Coax Cable
CAT5 cable

Figure 18. Wired LAN configuration.

31

7 Troubleshooting
The troubleshooting section will allow you to solve the most
common problems encountered configuring and installing a FM2200.

7.1

I am unable to get the login screen

If you are unable to get the login form on you computer screen you
should check the following:
Is the Ethernet cable used a crossover cable?
A standard Ethernet cable cannot be used to connect a computer to
an FM2200 for configuration purposes. Make sure that you are using
an appropriate crossover Ethernet cable rather than a standard
patch Ethernet cable.
Is your computer set to a valid IP address?
In case your PC does not receive a valid IP address from the
FM2200s DHCP server, you can manually set the correct network
settings as follows:
1. In Windows Explorer, right-click My Network Places and select
Properties.
2. Right-click Local Area Network and select Properties.

32

3. Right-click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and select Properties.

4. Set the IP address to 1.a.b.c (where a, b and c is the serial


number of the Fluidmesh unit), Netmask to 255.0.0.0 and Default
Gateway to 1.0.0.1.
5. Click OK, then OK again.
Have you disabled the Access the Internet using a proxy server
function?
To disable the Access the Internet using a proxy server
function, go to Control Panel > Internet Options >
Connections > LAN Settings and uncheck the enable box.

7.2
I am unable to login into the Web-based
interface
If you are unable to log in into the Web-based interface, check your
user name and password settings.
The user name cannot be changed by the user and corresponds to:
admin
The password can be changed so make sure you are using the right
password. The default password is:
admin
If you forgot the password, check the appropriate section in this
Troubleshooting chapter to fix the problem.

33

7.3

I forgot the administrator password

If you forgot the password and need to access the Web-based


interface, you must physically access the unit, open the enclosure in
a weather-safe situation and reset to the factory default settings.
Please refer to the instructions of Section 4.6.

7.4
I am unable to get any video from a
camera
Is the Ethernet cable which connects the camera or the video server
to the FM2200 a crossover cable?
A standard Ethernet cable cannot be used to connect a camera or a
video server to an FM2200. Make sure that you are using an
appropriate crossover Ethernet cable rather than a standard patch
Ethernet cable.
Is the local network properly set-up to forward packets for the IP
classes 5.0.0.0/8, 1.0.0.0/8 and 2.0.0.0/8 to the mesh end unit?
The LAN to which the FM2200 mesh end and the recording server
(NVR or DVR) are connected needs to be configured so that every
packet for the class 5.0.0.0/8, 1.0.0.0/8, and 2.0.0.0/8 can be
forwarded to the Fluidmesh mesh end unit. Please refer to Section
6 for details.
Is the mesh point FM2200 IP address present in the routing table
of the FM2200 mesh end?
In case the Fluidmesh IP address is not present in the routing table
of the mesh end unit, the Fluidmesh unit might be powered-off or
out of range.

34

APPENDIX A
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been assembled with components that comply with the limits
for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If
this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception,
which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Caution: To assure continued compliance, use only shielded interface cables
when connecting to computer or peripheral devices. Any changes or modifications
not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the
users authority to operate this equipment.
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any
other antenna or transmitter.
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment has been assembled using components that comply with FCC
radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This
equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20 cm
between the radiator and your body.
This device has been assembled using components that comply with Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Industry Canada
This Class B digital apparatus has been assembled using components that comply
with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numrique de la classe B est conforme la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
The use of this device in a system operating either partially or completely
outdoors may require the user to obtain a license for the system according to the
Canadian regulations.
EC Declaration of Conformity
Fluidmesh Networks, Inc declares under its sole responsibility that Fluidmesh
2200 series with the following Directives:

35

73/23/EEC

The Low Voltage Directive


and its amending directives

89/336/EEC

The Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive


and its amending directives

99/5/EC

The Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment


Directive and its amending directives

has been designed and manufactured to the following specifications:


EMC
R&TTE

Safety

EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN

61000-6-1; EN 61000-6-2;
61000-6-3; EN 61000-6-4;
489-17
300 328-1 V. 1.3.1
300 328-2 V. 1.2.1
301 893-1 V. 1.2.1
300 440-2 V. 1.3.1
60950-1:2001

Caution: This equipment is intended to be used in all EU and EFTA countries.


Outdoor use may be restricted to certain frequencies and/or may require a license
for operation. Contact local Authority for procedure to follow.
Note: As far as the 2.4 Ghz range is concerned, combinations of power levels and
antennas resulting in a radiated power level of above 100 mW equivalent
isotropic radiated power (EIRP) are considered as not compliant with the above
mentioned directive and are not allowed for use within the European community
and countries that have adopted the European R&TTE directive 1999/5/EC.
For more details on legal combinations of power levels and antennas, contact
Fluidmesh Networks, Inc.
Belgique
Dans le cas d'une utilisation prive, l'extrieur d'un btiment, au-dessus d'un
espace public, aucun enregistrement n'est ncessaire pour une distance de moins
de 300m. Pour une distance suprieure 300m un enregistrement auprs de
l'IBPT est requise. Pour une utilisation publique l'extrieur de btiments, une
licence de l'IBPT est requise. Pour les enregistrements et licences, veuillez
contacter l'IBPT.
France
2.4 GHz Bande : les frquences 2457, 2462, 2467, et 2472 MHz sont
compltement libres d'utilisation en France (en utilisation intrieur). Pour ce qui
est des autres canaux, ils peuvent tre soumis autorisation selon le dparent.
L'utilisation en extrieur est soumis autorisation pralable et trs restreint.
Vous pouvez contacter l'Autorit de Rgulation des Tlcommunications
(http://www.art-telecom.fr) pour de plus amples renseignements.

36

APPENDIX B
Contact Information
Fluidmesh Networks, Inc.
Ten-10 Post Office Square
8th Floor
Boston, MA 02111
U.S.A.
Tel. +1(617) 850-9007
Fax. +1(866) 458-1522
E-mail: support@fluidmesh.com
Web site: www.fluidmesh.com

37

38

Fluidmesh Networks, Inc.


Ten-10 Post Office Square
8th Floor
Boston, MA 02111
U.S.A.
Tel. +1(617) 381-4219
Fax. +1(866) 458-1522
www.fluidmesh.com