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Institut de Recherche

pour le Dveloppement
en Indonsie et Timor Oriental


Bencana INDESO 2013-2016

INDESO is a scientific program (coordination management : CLS) that aims at supplying to the
Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) a set of technologies, specific knowhow, actions of strengthening of capacities, specific buildings with equipments and facilities. It is
funded by an AFD sovereign loan of 30 million US$. The long-term objective of INDESO is 1) the
conservation of both the capacities of fisheries and of Indonesian ecosystems, 2) the implementation of pilot-projects for applied and operational researches and 3) the funding of training actions in the field of space oceanography. IRD is a scientific partner of CLS in INDESO.

Main issues of oceanographic research in Indonesia

Indonesia is an archipelago of about 17 500 islands spread on more than 4
000 km from west to east. Fisheries are a key activity in rural areas and
generate considerable local economic transfers. Indonesia is highly vulnerable due to unregulated illegal fishing, to climate change and to anthropisation processes leading to the degradation of marine ecosystems. The management of marine resources and fisheries is therefore highly complex and
difficult, and constitutes a major issue for the country.

Scientific partners

Balitbang KP, Agency for Research and Develop
ment (KKP)
IRD, IFREMER, Viasat, MercatorOcean, CEVA

An innovative approach
INDESO combines satellite data, in-situ observations and numerical models
for the monitoring of both fishing activities and the evolution of circulation,
biochemistry and marine ecosystems in Indonesian waters for a sustainable
and optimal use of marine resources.

IRD involvement
Coral Reef Monitoring pilot-project. Objectives are: 1. Production of
detailed geomorphological zonation and benthic communities habits
maps, 2. Study of the ecology and connectivity of coral reefs and 3.
Monitoring of selected pilot reefs. (IRD unit 227-CoReUs)
Integrated Coastal Zone Management and Mangrove pilot-project.
Study of natural dynamics and of degradation of mangrove ecosystems
from very high spatial resolution images. (IRD unit 123-AMAP)
Academic trainings: 3 PHD funded (60 K / PHD) in French universities:

Building of a center of operations (data reception and processing, information, communication, training) in Bali
Supply of a system of satellite data reception and processing
Installation of computing facilities, numerical oceanographic models and of
an information system
Provision of satellite data
Funding of academic training actions (7 PHD and 5 Masters)
Funding of 7 pilot-projects (100 k / project)

Coral reefs monitoring (CoReUs)

Coastal Zone Management and Mangrove (AMAP)
Modelling of physical processes and of oceanic circulation

IRD units