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1

The ability to locate discontinuities that are close together


within the material is called:
Resolution
Sensitivity
Effectiveness
Phase delay

The measure of how a signal from a defect compared to


other background reflections is called:
Acoustic impedance
Signal to noise ratio
Refraction
Reflection

Couplant displaces the__________ and makes it possible


to get more sound energy into the test specimen.
Surface rust
Surface blemishes
Sound energy
Air

Which type of screen presentation displays a plan-type


view of the location and size of the test specimen
features?
A-scan
B-scan
C-scan
All of the above
In the transverse or shear wave, the particles:

Move in an elliptical pattern

Oscillate at a right angle to the direction of wave


propagation
Oscillate parallel to the direction of wave propagation
Do not actually move

When sound travels through a medium:


Its intensity diminishes with distance
It spreads perpendicular to the primary direction of wave
travel
Its speed remains constant
All of the above

In order to have a reasonable chance at detecting a


discontinuity, the reflective surface of the discontinuity
must have a dimension that is at least as long as ________
wavelength.
One-half
One
Two
0ne-quarter

A decibel is:
A unit of measure used only for sound measurements
A logarithmic unit that describes a ratio of two
measurements
A logarithmic unit that describes the product of two
measurements
None of the above

Less damped transducers will exhibit:


A wide frequency range
A wide resolution range

A shift in frequency range


A narrow frequency range

10

The terms used to describe a technique?s ability to locate


flaws are:
Sensitivity and penetration
Space and time
Sensitivity and resolution
Frequency and size

11

The act of evaluating and adjusting the precision and


accuracy of the measurement equipment is called:
Standardization
Calibration
Accuracy
Tuning

12

In angle-beam testing, when the geometry of the part is


relatively uncomplicated and the orientation of a flaw is
well known, the length of a crack can be determined by a
technique known as:
Tip diffraction
Immersion
Surface mode diffraction
Contact testing

13

Which of the following could influence the behavior of a


transducer?
Electrical construction
Material construction
Mechanical construction
All of the above

14

When a longitudinal wave encounters an interface


between two material with different accoustic
impedances, what occurs when the angle of incidence is
90 degrees?
Reflection
Refraction
Mode conversion
Reflection and refraction

15

Contact transducers are used for direct contact


inspections, and are generally:
Used with an immersion tank
Used with an automated system
Used on complicated shaped parts
Hand manipulated

16

The active element of most acoustic transducers used


today is:
Lithium
Piezoelectric ceramic
Sulfide
Quartz

17

Angle beam transducers and wedges are typically used to


introduce a:
Reflected shear wave into the part
Longitudinal wave into the part
Shear wave into the part
Compression wave into the part

18

What is the material called that is used to improve the


transmission of ultrasonic sound energy from the
transducer into the part?

Gel
Goo
Couplant
Contact paste

19

Longitudinal waves are also called:


Surface waves
Pressure waves
Compressional waves
Both B and C are correct

20

Surface or Rayleigh waves travelling along the surface of


relative thick solid material, penetrate to a depth of
approximately:
One wavelength
Two wavelengths
Three wavelengths
Infinite wavelengths