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the Brown
vol. cxliv, no. 4 | Monday, January 26, 2009 | Serving the community daily since 1891

Leniency on payments to U. aided hundreds this spring
By Brigitta greene Senior Staff Writer


Approximately 360 students benefited from a temporary policy allowing students with outstanding tuition balances to pre-register for spring classes, a University administrator said. The plan, announced last fall to aid students’ families in the difficult economic climate, allowed all students to sign up for courses this semester regardless of payment status, said Elizabeth Gentry, assistant vice president for financial and administrative services. Normally, students who owe more than $1,000 are blocked from pre-registering for classes in the following semester. Additionally, about 40 students with outstanding balances of more than $5,000 were allowed to remain officially enrolled in the University despite rules that prohibit students with balances over that amount from living in residence halls or attending classes. Ten more students, who were in danger of exceeding the temporary upper limit of $7,500 in unpaid dues, were also able to remain enrolled after working closely with financial aid officers to work out payment plans, said James Tilton, director of financial aid. The loosened restrictions, an-

nounced in an Oct. 31 e-mail to the community from Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98, were created in an atmosphere of rising concern among administrators that the University might be facing a wave of families suddenly unable to make payments on tuition, Gentry said. She emphasized that rapidly fluctuating economic circumstances and a lack of data make it difficult to plan even for the near future. Though there was great concern last semester, the numbers have so far been manageable, she said. “Right now we’re very comfortable with balances,” she said. “We will have to look at it semester by semester.” Kertzer wrote in his e-mail last fall, “We recognize the economic difficulties that many of our students and their families are facing and want to do all that we can to be helpful in these challenging times.” “The good news is what was intended was achieved,” he told The Herald last week. Pre-registration for the fall 2009 semester will not occur until April, giving the University time to collect further data before announcing whether it will extend the temporary policies. “We don’t have a good enough picture at this point,” Gentry said. “The truth is we’re not really seeing it yet.”

top science faculty named to nat’l society
By sydney eMBer Senior Staf f Writer

Justin Coleman / Herald

Goalie Nicole Stock ’09 broke the school record for career saves this weekend, but women’s hockey dropped two games to fall to 3-16-1.

Verizon improves cell phone coverage on College hill
By etienne Ma Staff Writer

Can you hear me now? For Brown students with Verizon Wireless cell phone service returning from winter break, the answer is now more likely to be yes. The activation of a new “cell site” — a transmitter for wireless data — on College Hill is responsible for the change, said David Thomson, a spokesperson for Verizon. In addition to better reception, Verizon users should now enjoy faster internet service on their phones

and experience fewer dropped calls, Thomson said. The new cell site was activated Jan. 2 and is located in the steeple of a church on Angell Street, Thomson said. (He said he was unsure of the name of the church.) The transmitting radios, which have an operating radius of two miles, are approximately the size of a toaster. The recent activation at Brown is part of a wider Verizon campaign to add cell sites nationwide. Students have already noticed a significant change on the northern side of campus, where many said

Verizon service had previously been spotty. The change was obvious “as soon as I got back to campus,” said Eric Lewin ’12, a Champlin resident. Last semester, he said, he had little to no reception in his room, but he now has service throughout the building. “The quality of the calls themselves has also improved,” Lewin added. “Not just in terms of fewer dropped calls, but also less static.” Jessica Faiz ’12, another Chamcontinued on page 2

Better reception
verizon wireless installed a new transmitter in a church steeple on angell street. • The transmitter has a radius of two miles. • Students report better reception around Pembroke and northern campus.

Student, dean introduce shopping period by keyword
By anne siMons Senior Staf f Writer

Looking for that fourth class, but only have a small hint of an idea of what you want? Only, perhaps, one word? As the first week of shopping period drew to a close Friday afternoon, the University unveiled a new method for students to browse for courses online. The

software, called CourseMap, is designed to allow students “to explore the Brown curriculum via keywords or topics of interest,” wrote Dan Rosenberg ’09, its creator, in an e-mail to The Herald. According to the CourseMap Web site, a user can enter a term such as “Internet” to see all the courses that have something to do with that subject.

The goal of CourseMap is “to expose students to courses that they would not have found other wise,” Rosenberg wrote. CourseMap was not created to replace other sources of course information like Mocha, the Critical Review or Banner, he said. Rather, “it is designed to illuminate relationships across departments based on common content, which I feel is a great

embodiment of what the New Curriculum is all about,” he said. Rosenberg and Miles Hovis ’08 came up with the idea for the site, created a basic design and presented it to Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron last year, Rosenberg wrote. Bergeron offered him funding to work on the project over the summer, continued on page 2

Five Brown faculty members have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, receiving a prestigious honor that recognizes leaders in the field for their important contributions to the physical and life sciences. Professor of Neuroscience John Donoghue, Professors of Biology Mark Bertness and Susan Gerbi, Professor of Medical Science David Berson ’75 and Professor of Engineering Jimmy Xu were all elected fellows in December and featured in the Dec. 19 issue of Science, the top-level journal published by the AAAS. “I just congratulate the faculty,” said Clyde Briant, the University’s vice president for research. “It’s wonderful for them and it’s wonderful for Brown.” He said the awards not only are very high honors for the faculty but further establish Brown as a major research university. Four of the professors said they did not expect to be named fellows of the world’s largest scientific body. Donoghue could not be reached for comment. “It came as a big surprise to me,” said Gerbi. “I didn’t know I was nominated.” Gerbi studies ribosomes — the parts of cells responsible for building proteins from the genetic blueprint — and the initiation of DNA replication. She and her team of researchers discovered that ribosome biogenesis — the cellular process of making ribosomes — could be used diagnostically for predicting cancer. In her research, Gerbi found that a certain steroid hormone receptor is important in initiating DNA replication, a significant discovery regarding hormonally sensitive cancers such as breast cancer. She said she hopes the discovery will lead to finding new kinds of therapy targets and to earlier diagnoses of these types of cancers — a result that has personal implications for Gerbi, herself diagnosed with breast cancer two years ago. Xu — recognized for his contributions to nanotechnology and laser science and the only non-biologist honored — said he too was surprised to learn of his election as an AAAS fellow. “What I do is just fun things,” he said. “I pursue science and explore what’s interesting regardless continued on page 2


News.....1-4 Arts........5-6 Spor ts...7-9 Editorial..10 Opinion...11 Today........12

Arts, 5
gHostly voices Grammy- and Tony-winner Duncan Sheik ’92 releases a haunting new album 195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

Sports, 7
M. Hoops: no revenge The men’s basketball team fails in its second straight bid to beat Yale’s Bulldogs

Opinions, 11
tHe reality of war Fatima Ageel ’12 writes about watching war — and experiencing it herald@browndailyherald.com



C ampUS n ewS


MONDAY, JANuARY 26, 2009

“I’m a one-trick pony, and they’re mistaking me for a thoroughbred.” — David Berson ’75, Professor of Medical Science

Coursemap not aimed at mocha
continued from page 1 she wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. “I think this tool has a great potential to enhance a student’s path through the Brown curriculum, because currently there is no way to do keyword searching” using Banner or Mocha, Bergeron wrote. This “relational database” allows students “to discover connections between disparate courses,” she wrote. CourseMap is still in its pilot phase and there are some “small discrepancies” between its data and the information available on Banner, Rosenberg wrote. The Web site encourages users to report any problems and, according to Rosenberg, “students should be able to expect reliable scheduling information from CourseMap, since it comes straight from Banner.” Another feature to expect in the future is the ability for students to submit their own ideas for keywords, based on their own personal knowledge of courses, Rosenberg wrote. There are also plans “to improve the flexibility of searching and to interface with Mocha, Banner and the Critical Review,” he added. Most of the students The Herald spoke with had yet not used CourseMap. Joshua RodriguezSrednicki ’12 said he thought the Web site was “pretty cool,” but it didn’t run well on his computer. Brittany Katz ’12 criticized the timing of the program’s release, after three full days of shopping period. “It came out after we chose our courses,” she said. “Here’s a way to find out what you already know,” Tom Iadecola ’12 said. “I’m sure it will be useful

later.” Other students said they were satisfied with Mocha, another student-built Web tool. Nicholas Melvin ’09 said he prefers using Mocha because he is already used to it. He said he also appreciates the ability to see a list of books and compare prices on Mocha’s Web site. Rosenberg plans to continue to develop CourseMap for the “foreseeable future,” he wrote. “This is exactly the kind of project that defines the excellence of our undergraduate curriculum,” Bergeron wrote. “A student had a good idea, the passion to pursue it, the talent to build it and the sense of social responsibility to share it with everyone.” Rosenberg’s Web site, accessible at coursemap.brown.edu, was operational when it was introduced to students on Friday but was down early this morning.

Brown scientists make Cell service the grade for aaaS gets boost
continued from page 1 where,” he said, referring to the many different fields of science he researches such as engineering and photonics — the study of light generation and transmission. “I guess I’m sort of homeless,” he said. “I stake out where I can find shelter and have some fun.” Berson, recognized for his work in visual neuroscience, said he initially thought his admittance to the association “had to be a mistake.” “I’m a one-trick pony, and they’re mistaking me for a thoroughbred,” Berson said. He added

It’s never too late to join the Herald! Look for more on informational meetings starting next week.


that he suspects he was chosen because of research he conducted in 2002 regarding a new type of neuron in the retina. He said he studies what the eye tells the brain to inform it about the visual world. Bertness, who does experimental studies of shoreline communities such as salt marshes, sand dunes and rock shores, jokingly speculated that he was elected because he’s “an old guy.” Donoghue, the director of the brain science program at Brown, was elected for his research on the brain signals that lead to voluntary movements.

continued from page 1 plin resident, said that Verizon service was “so bad” that she was “contemplating switching” her provider to AT&T after her first semester. But the price difference was too great to justify the change, she said, and when she returned last week she was happy to find a “pleasant surprise — the (Verizon) service was good.” “I can have conversations without the calls dropping anymore, and I can send text messages with no problem pretty much anywhere in the dorm, and I was not able to do that before at all,” Faiz continued. “I’m just really, really happy.” But not ever yone noticed a change. Julia Duch ’12, a Keeney resident, said that there was “no difference” in her Verizon service.

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Stephen DeLucia, President Michael Bechek, Vice President Jonathan Spector, Treasurer Alexander Hughes, Secretary

Daily Herald
the Brown

The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown University community daily since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the academic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and once in July by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. POSTMASTER please send corrections to P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail herald@browndailyherald.com. World Wide Web: http://www.browndailyherald.com. Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2009 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.

C ampUS n ewS

MONDAY, JANuARY 26, 2009



“It’s one of the best things Brown has to offer.” — Kona Shen ’10, on the $5,000 international scholarship

package slips, coming soon to your (e-mail) inbox
By JUlia KiM Contributing Writer

Kim Perley / Herald

Students wait in line to sign for packages in the mailroom. Soon e-mails will replace paper notices for packages.

The student mailroom is entering the digital age. University Mail Services will soon be e-mailing students when packages arrive rather than distributing paper notices to mailboxes. The notification system grew out of an initiative by the Undergraduate Council of Students. UCS President Brian Becker ’09 said the Council started exploring the idea halfway through last semester. The new system “will make life much easier for students,” Becker said. Mail Services Manager Fred Yattaw said he hopes to have the program up and running soon, after the early semester mail rush slows down. The e-mail system would ideally begin “after the dust settles” around Valentine’s Day, Yattaw said. According to Yattaw, current mailroom pro-

tocol involves scanning packages, typing student box numbers into a computer and then printing out alerts to distribute to mailboxes. With the new system, a software program will automatically link box numbers with e-mail addresses and send electronic notifications to students. Initially, the mailroom will only email students for packages requiring signatures, eliminating the current yellow slips. If students don’t pick up their packages in a timely fashion, secondary paper notices for these packages will still be printed and delivered to student mailboxes. Under the new initiative, paper notices for packages not requiring signatures will remain in use, so students can still expect to see blue slips in their boxes. Becker said he hopes the next step will be e-mailing students when all packages arrive.

political science prof. investigates ‘warrior gene’
By Matt scUlt Contributing Writer

Fourteen students receive int’l scholarships
By Melissa sHUBe Senior Staff Writer

research projects around the globe
Winners of $5,000 awards to study abroad
• Elizabeth Adler ’11, Nepal • Joshua Bernard ’11, Ecuador • Steven Daniels ’10, Kenya • Lisa Gomi ’10, Japan • Rosi Greenberg ’10, Syria • Caitlin Ho ’10, Cambodia • Ariel Hudes ’11, Honduras • Rashid Syed Hussain ’10, India • Scott Lowenstein ’10, Mexico • Patrick Martin-Tuite ’10, South Africa • Emily Segal ’10, England • Kona Shen ’10, Dominican Republic and Haiti • Megan Smith ’10, Jamaica • Shang Song ’10, Canada

You’re driving on the highway and suddenly a car comes whipping out of the lane next to you, forcing you to slam on the brakes. Do you think, “Oh well, the driver must be in hurry”? Or do you flash him a strategic hand gesture and scream some choice phrases? You might be interested to learn that your reaction may be connected to your DNA. A recent study co-authored by Professor of Political Science Rose McDermott examines a genetic link to aggression. McDermott is interested in political psychology and over the past decade has been studying aggression through simulated war games. Sex differences accounted for the most robust distinctions in behavior, McDermott said, but the discrepancy was not due to hormonal differences between the populations. It was “clear something else was going on,” McDermott said. This led to her search for a genetic component to aggression. She set up a experiment in which subjects completed a vocabulary task in order to earn virtual money. They then were told that an anonymous person could choose to take some of the money from them, but that they had the option of punishing this person for doing so by making him eat hot sauce. In order to administer the punishment, though, the subjects had to pay even more money than they originally lost. The subjects thought they were retaliating against the other person, but in reality the “other person” was a computer program, which always took either 20 or 80 percent of the person’s earnings. What was significant about the findings was that individuals with a certain gene were much more likely to administer punishment when 80

percent of their earnings were taken compared to people without the gene. The findings seem to indicate that, under conditions of high provocation, individuals with this gene are more likely to show aggressive behaviors. All of the subjects for this study were male because the gene is on the X chromosome — since men only have one X chromosome, it was simpler to determine if a man had an active copy of the gene. McDermott decided to look at this particular gene because it had been linked to aggression in primates and was found to be more prevalent in certain populations that have historically had a large focus on warfare. These findings collectively have led to the name “warrior gene.” This is not the only study that has tried to connect complex behaviors to genetic factors. Other recent studies have found genetic links to trust and mate selection, McDermott said. Like other human behaviors, aggression is a “very, very complicated phenomenon” that is influenced by genetic, social and environmental factors, McDermott said. Her goal “is to understand more about it at a basic scientific level,” she said. “I’m planning to explore further the relationship between genetic and environmental triggers.” Specifically, she would like to study the effects of traumatic early life events on aggressive behavior, she said. Visiting Assistant Professor of Psychology Theresa Didonato, who teaches a course on social psychology, agreed that it is important to consider the many factors that influence complex behaviors such as aggression. “I wouldn’t want (McDermott’s) results to be misinterpreted (as saying) that you are locked in,” she said, referring to individuals being genetically predestined for aggressive behavior. “Genes are not deterministic.”

Fourteen students were awarded $5,000 scholarships last month from the Office of International Affairs to spend the summer studying abroad. The of fice, which received nearly 60 applications, planned to give international scholarships to 10 students but ultimately scaled up to 14, thanks to an added financial boost from the Office of the Dean of the College, said Vasuki Nesiah, director of international affairs. “This year it was definitely very competitive,” she said. “The students who got it were excellent, and there were many other strong candidates as well.” The scholarship program aims to link international travel and research with the undergraduate curriculum at Brown, she said. Winners of the scholarship were creative with their proposals and thought deeply about how “their coursework could feed into projects they do outside the academic classroom, and in turn how these projects feed into their academic learning,” Nesiah said. While the program is in its first year, Nesiah said, the Office of International Affairs intends to continue with the program in the fall. She said she expected that the office will be able to “at least match what we did this year” in terms of the number of scholarships offered. The program also provides students with faculty mentorship and

a monthly dinner seminar, Nesiah said. The program is “especially good when you compare it to a lot of grants that are offered, ” said Kona Shen ’10, who plans to design and pilot a “reconciliation program” between the countries of the Dominican Republic and Haiti, with her award. “Just financially they offer a lot more money, and they offer more faculty support and structure.” Caitlin Ho ’10, who will travel to Cambodia to study human trafficking, and Shen said they liked the community aspect of the scholarship program as well. “It’s fun to meet people who are interested in the same work, in the same types of things,” Shen said. “It’s one of the best things Brown has to offer, just getting to know the people who have done such amazing work everywhere.” “I feel like what they are trying to do is set up a support system,” Ho said. “I’m really looking forward to conversations that we’ll have with each other.”

Patrick Martin-Tuite ’10 will spend the summer in South Africa researching whether male circumcision is an effective health intervention. Martin-Tuite plans to do research at the University of Cape Town, to work with the Treatment Action Campaign, and to attend the International AIDS Society Conference in Cape Town this summer. “I’m hoping to explore the complexities and intricacies of forming HIV and AIDS policy in South Africa, especially as it pertains to male circumcision,” said Martin-Tuite. The winners, and their planned countries of study, are: Elizabeth Adler ’11, Nepal; Joshua Bernard ’11, Ecuador; Steven Daniels ’10, Kenya; Lisa Gomi ’10, Japan; Rosi Greenberg ’10, Syria; Caitlin Ho ’10, Cambodia; Ariel Hudes ’11, Honduras; Rashid Syed Hussain ’10, India; Herald Senior Editor Scott Lowenstein ’10, Mexico; Patrick Martin-Tuite ’10, South Africa; Emily Segal ’10, England; Kona Shen ’10, Dominican Republic and Haiti; Megan Smith ’10, Jamaica; and Shang Song ’10, Canada.

Lebanese artist brings continuity to Bell Gallery
By anita MatHews Contributing Writer

arts & Culture
The Brown Daily Herald
resumed work. The line runs from right to left as a salute to Arabic, Daou’s mother tongue and a critical part of her Lebanese heritage. The first portion of the line even incorporates English words from Markus’ text written phonetically in Arabic script. This sort of incremental work is in keeping with Daou’s interest in working outside the convention of isolated pieces, she said. She also said that when making new work she frequently makes reference to her past creations and sometimes even future projects. “Knot” is no exception, for, as Markus says, it retains an “archaeological element” and is in “constant dialogue with the past.” One segment of the wall mural alludes to “America,” a composition featured in Daou’s first solo show, an exhibit that ran in New York City in 2006 and incorporated text from quintessentially American poets, politicians and musicians. Daou said the segment of “Knot” which consists of the words “voice,” “truth” and “stage” repeated over and over is meant to contradict cer tain elements in her earlier “America” composition. As for future projects, the section of the mural line inspired by “muse,” one of the twelve words provided by Markus, hints at an upcoming poster project where the words “This is not that” will be printed on two large posters, one in English located in New York City and the other in Arabic in Beirut, Daou’s hometown. Daou said that “Knot” reflects “what we lost over the past year,” an ambiguous reference to political aspects of the work. She is interested in “subtle communication,” something at which she said President Obama is very skilled. Markus added that people, especially the press, are often “suspicious of subtlety,” but that this has changed since the 2008 election. The biggest challenge Daou faced was not being able to corcontinued on page 6

MONDAY, JANuARY 26, 2009 | PAGE 5

Negation is at the heart of “Knot,” the current exhibition by Lebanese artist Annabel Daou at the David Winton Bell Gallery in the List Art Center. Even the “K” in the title is deliberately faded, leaving visitors with a bold impression of the word “not.” Daou’s objective is “to get to something so bare that it is almost nothing,” according to the exhibition brochure. To achieve this, she relies almost exclusively on the most basic of artistic techniques— the line— to create texture and definition. Daou told The Herald she is “interested in the approaching but not quite being.” The exhibit, which runs through March 8, consists of three sequential parts: 12 notebooks, an accordion “map” and a wall drawing. Each component features a continuous line curving and doubling back over itself to create patterns of images. The entire sequence was inspired by 12 words supplied by collaborating artist and writer David Markus. At first, each notebook was guided by one of Markus’ words, given to Daou over the course of an entire year. Daou then returned the notebooks to Markus, who subsequently wrote an unbroken line of text that later engendered Daou’s vision for the wall drawing featured in the show. The accordion map, which features a miniature version of the wall mural on one side and Markus’ text on the other, is a line itself, bridging the first and last elements of the exhibit. Copies are available at the gallery for visitors to take home. “What remains is not a documentation of the work itself but something that preceded the work,” Markus said. The wall mural is the most striking element of the showcase, an exploration extending from floor to ceiling done completely in Micron pen. At each place where Daou lifted her pen, she documented the time, as well as the time she

Sheik ’92 channels a ghost for new album
By rosalind scHonwald Staf f Writer

“Whisper House,” a new album by singer-songwriter Duncan Sheik ’92, comes out Jan. 27, and this haunting song cycle is not to be missed. Sheik is critically acclaimed for his work as a solo artist — he earned a Grammy nomination for his 1996 single “Barely Breathing.” More recently, he has made a successful foray into theater, composing the score for the Grammy and Tony award-winning 2006 rock musical “Spring Awakening.” Though the new album has its roots in the American singer-songwriter tradition, it also contains some innovative and quirky choices in theme and orchestration, making it stylistically consistent with the rest of Sheik’s work. Sheik’s understated vocals and guitar-playing are wonderfully matched with the sounds of singer-keyboardist Holly Brook. Their ethereal voices call, respond and intertwine, binding together the mysterious narrative of “Whisper House.” Sheik wrote “Whisper House” from the perspective of a ghost, a “person who died in 1912 who is looking down on the human pathos and kind of mocking it,” he told The Herald. “It was fun to write these songs because I’m not writing them as Duncan Sheik, but from the perspective of this whimsically malevolent ghost,” he said. Sheik’s work is highly collaborative, and he describes his professional relationships in terms that demonstrate his seriousness about his craft and his respect for others’ talents and contributions. “I’ve always worked with a British orchestrator,” Sheik said. “His name is Simon Hale, and he’s worked on all the theater, movie and album projects I’ve worked

Courtesy of Duncan Sheik

Award-winning alum Duncan Sheik ’92 will release a new album.

on. I’ll usually let Simon do his thing. I’ll record an initial version of a song and I’ll send it to him. He’s really a genius and I trust him to do what he does.” Sheik’s relaxed and respectful artistic approach was also evident in his description of co-performer Brook, who toured with him for several years as an opening act. “She kind of joined the band,” he said. “When I started ‘Whisper House,’ she was my go-to person.” Sheik is working with Brooke, whom he calls “an amazing songwriter,” to produce her own album. “I let her write her own songs, her lyrics and her music, and it’s just helping her manifest her vision,” he said. For someone whose career has been defined by performance, Sheik was surprisingly averse to taking center stage during his undergraduate years at Brown. In performance, he would provide accompaniment for various lead singers, including future songwriting stars Lisa Loeb ’90 and Elizabeth Mitchell ’90, who would go on to form the band Liz and Lisa. Sheik reserved his own singing for the privacy of the recording

studio in the music building. “As a singer I was self-conscious and shy,” he said. “The Underground was pretty much the main place I performed, but it was guitar for Liz and Lisa.... Even after I had a gold record and a Grammy nomination, I couldn’t get a gig there,” he joked. Sheik maintains a cool head about his success. “My advice always has to do with tr ying to forge your own voice and your own uniqueness that is as eccentric as you want it to be,” he said, offering advice to undergraduates entering the arts world. “It’s never a good idea to second-guess what the public wants to hear. You should not be doing it for commercial reasons; it should be something that moves you.” When asked about his current connection to Brown, Sheik said, “I still have a lot of great friends that were my roommates or friends from Brown that I still hang out with that I’m probably sure will be friends for life.” “There’s a creative network of people who went to Brown in the actor community,” he said. “There’s the writer-producer Hollywood group. It’s a Brown mafia, really.”


past, future appear in new Bell Gallery exhibit
continued from page 5 rect her mistakes, she said. A selfproclaimed perfectionist, she was supplied with a bucket of white paint to fix any flaws, but she resisted the temptation to use it. “I tend to be ver y brutal with myself,” Daou said. To overcome this, Daou said she kept in mind that the work is inherently temporary, for the walls of the gallery will soon be painted over. In fact, she incorporated this evanescence into the design and execution of the work, intending it to be “something you could pull from one end and have it unravel.” Daou also said she was pleased to have her work shown in a university gallery, an environment which she believes is more concerned with the perspectives of both viewer and artist. In creating her art, Daou said, she seeks to be honest with herself, preserving an individuality that is more encouraged in an academic environment than in the art world she has experienced. “Knot” is not the first project Daou and Markus have collaborated on, and both artists say it is unlikely to be the last. This asso-

a rtS & C ULtUre
ciation helped Daou to build the honest work that she was striving for. Daou employs the elements of line and text in a refreshingly stark way and creates depth using a relatively finite medium. The themes of negation, reversibility and repetition come across as meaningful to the artist and powerful for the viewer. Viewers found the particular premise of art created from one continuous line to be challenging, but agreed that Daou had pulled it off well. “I love it,” said Katie Lawson, a guest at the exhibition’s Jan. 23 opening reception. “It makes me want to have my own white room at home.” “It’s like what you see when you’re driving in a snow storm,” said Marilyn Soscia, referring to the wall mural’s striking amount of white defined by thin black detailing. Soscia, a Rhode Island resident, was drawn to the exhibit after she found herself in a taxi with Daou upon the artist’s arrival in Providence. “She said it took hours of work,” said Soscia. “I thought to myself, ‘Her arm must be killing her.’”


MONDAY, JANuARY 26, 2009

“I tend to be very brutal with myself.” — Annabel Daou, artist and self-proclaimed perfectionist


Qidong Chen / Herald undergraduate students celebrate Chinese New Year by making traditional dumplings.

oscar contenders get boost; ‘Blart’ still rules
By tiffany HsU LoS angeLeS t imeS

HOLLYWOOD — A nod from Oscar always helps, as films such as “Slumdog Millionaire” discovered when the glow of Thursday’s Academy Award nominations caused a

surge in contenders’ ticket sales over the weekend. Although they couldn’t beat out fresher, undecorated fare such as “Paul Blart: Mall Cop” and “Under world: Rise of the L ycans,” the top two revenue generators this weekend, all of the Oscar nominees for best picture received a significant boost. Many of the nominees had been in limited release, but studios added theaters, and awardseason spectators followed the glint of Oscar gold. Critically acclaimed heavyweights such as “The Reader” and “Milk” sold more tickets than in previous weeks. “Slumdog,” a Fox Searchlight movie set in India, made nearly one-fifth of its total ticket sales in its 11th week after grabbing 10 Academy Award nods. The film saw an 80 percent boom week over week in ticket sales, partly by adding 829 theaters to its previous limited-release run. The rags-to-riches film, itself a Cinderella tale after averting a direct-to-DVD fate, blazed into fifth place by collecting $10.6 million of its $55.9 million total and is expected to surpass the $100 million mark eventually. “This little film has got terrific word-of-mouth, and it’s one of the specialty films that ends on an up note when so many of the nominated films are serious and depressing,” said Sheila DeLoach, senior vice president of distribution for Fox Searchlight. “It’s the underdog movie that became the top dog.” “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button,” from Paramount, pushed into the ninth spot after earning 13 nominations, the most this year. It garnered $6 million, to give it $111 million in ticket sales over five weeks. With a Golden Globe win and Oscar nomination for lead actor Mickey Rourke, Fox Searchlight’s “The Wrestler” was released in 422 more theaters and watched its ticket sales jump 117 percent

to an estimated $3.7 million this weekend. Universal’s “Frost/ Nixon” soared 351 percent when it tacked 946 theaters onto its 153-theater run. Even “The Dark Knight,” which landed Heath Ledger a posthumous nod for best supporting actor, pulled in $661,000 for Warner Bros. during a special re-release. “A nomination will never hurt your box office, with what it gets you in audience credibility,” Media by Numbers President Paul Dergarabedian said. “It’s like a golden stamp of approval, and all these films are capitalizing on it.” The top films this weekend, however, were not in Oscar’s sights. Ticket sales for the low-budget Sony/Columbia comedy “Paul Blart” dropped 32 percent in its second week from its opening weekend but managed to hold the top spot, with an estimated $21.5 million over the weekend. “People truly are in the mood to laugh right now, to escape for a few hours,” said Ror y Bruer, president of worldwide distribution for Sony Pictures Entertainment. Sony continued its winning streak with the opening of Screen Gems’ “Underworld,” which came in second by pulling in an estimated $20.7 million from a mostly male audience. Warner Bros.’ “Gran Torino,” with Clint Eastwood as a crotchety Korean War veteran who bonds with his Hmong neighbors, brought in $16 million in its seventh week and landed in third place. In a strong second week, Paramount’s family film “Hotel for Dogs” followed with an estimated $12.4 million over the weekend. Overall, Hollywood did well this week compared with the same week last year, with 13.8 percent more ticket sales and year-to-date attendance up 20.9 percent.

m. hoops comes up just short against Yale
By BenJy asHer Spor tS editor

The Brown Daily Herald

MONDAY, JANuARY 26, 2009 | Page 7

m. hockey snaps out of losing streak
By dan alexander SportS Staff Writer

For the second consecutive weekend, the men’s basketball team (610, 0-2 Ivy) went up against Yale (79, 2-0), and 57 yale once again, 55 Brown the Bulldogs from New Haven came away with the victory. Friday night’s game was close throughout, with the Bears eventually falling by two, 57-55. Despite the final outcome, the contest saw an improved effort from Brown’s previous game against Yale, when the Bulldogs outscored the Bears by 10 in the second half en route to an 80-72 win. “We executed a little better and just played a little harder in general this time,” said Tri-Captain Scott Friske ’09. The Bulldogs led throughout the first half, but Brown stayed competitive, keeping Yale’s lead to eight points at its highest. With five minutes to go in the first half, Yale was leading 26-19. But with an 8-2 run, including four points off the bench from guard Steve Gruber ’10, Bruno was able to cut the deficit to 28-27. Center Matt Mullery ’10 paced the Bears’ offense with 10 points in the first half and finished with a game-high 22 points, along with a team-high nine rebounds and a game-high six blocks. Ross Morin led Yale with 11

Justin Coleman / Herald

Adrian Williams ’11, one of the men’s basketball team’s top shooters, dropped 16 points in a weekend loss to Yale.

first-half points and finished with 20 points and a game-high 10 rebounds. After a basket by Yale to open up the second half, Adrian Williams ’11 drained a three-pointer to tie the game for the first time that night. The Bulldogs got their lead back to 34-30 until lay-ups by Williams and Mullery on back-to-back possessions tied the score once again. The two squads continued to trade baskets and with 11:39 re-

maining Williams connected on another trey to give the Bears their first lead of the game at 39-37. “We executed our offense well, and whenever they’d go up, we’d keep making plays to stay in the game,” Friske said. Williams went 4-of-5 from the field on Friday, including a 3-of-4 mark from three-point range, and he converted all five of his free throw attempts to finish with 16 points. Williams currently leads the

Ivy League in free throw percentage at .905, and his .449 three-point field goal percentage is second in the league. The second half saw seven ties and two lead changes, with neither team leading by more than six at any point. The Bulldogs went on a 6-0 run to build a 53-47 lead with 3:09 left to play, but again the Bears were resilient as Mullery scored continued on page 8

Career saves record, Bears fall in lopsided w. hockey defeat
By andrew Braca Spor tS editor

It should have been a cause for celebration for the women’s hockey goalie. But on the same weekend that Captain 0 Brown Nicole Stock 5 colgate ’09 br oke Brown’s ca0 Brown reer saves 6 cornell record, her team suffered a 5-0 loss to Colgate and a 6-0 loss to Cornell at Meehan Auditorium. “Right now it doesn’t feel good, because taking a 5-0 loss isn’t exactly the outcome we wanted, but I’m sure in retrospect when I think about it, it will be good,” Stock said. “It’s just playing every day, and I happened to break some records along the way.” Entering the weekend 38 saves shy of the previous record of 2,490 saves held by Ali Brewer ’00, Stock, a Herald Sports Staff Writer, had 45

saves against Colgate on Friday and 43 against Cornell the following day to push her career total to 2,540. Last year, she set school records with 27 saves in a period, 66 in a game and 1,004 in a season. This record was a source of mixed emotions for Head Coach Digit Murphy after a rough weekend dropped the Bears to 3-16-1 (2-11-0 ECAC Hockey). “She wouldn’t be breaking the record of saves if we had a better team, so I guess the bad news is our team lets up that many shots and the good news is we have a good goalie,” Murphy said. “I think she deserves it. She’s the kind of kid that, if she played at a different school she might be an Olympian.” The Bears came into the weekend with high hopes. On the previous weekend they had fought hard in a pair of one-goal losses on the road to then-No. 5 St. Lawrence and Clarkson, two of the top five teams continued on page 8

Justin Coleman / Herald

Jarred Smith ’12 scored a goal in each of two games to lead the men’s hockey team (2-13-4, 2-8-2 ECAC Hockey) this 4 Brown weekend. 1 Colgate Smith scored the 1 Brown go-ahead 5 cornell goal with 12 seconds left in the second period in a 4-1 victory Friday night over the Colgate Red Raiders, and the Bears’ lone goal in a 5-1 loss to No. 1 Cornell the following night. The Colgate win was the first win for the Bears since they defeated Union on Dec. 6. The Bears had two ties over the stretch, one against Western Michigan and another against Harvard, on Jan. 3 and 9, respectively. They dropped their next two games by a combined score of 11-2 before losing in overtime to Clarkson on Jan. 17. Brown hadn’t defeated Colgate (6-13-5, 1-8-3) in Hamilton since 1993, but the Red Raiders have struggled everywhere this year. They are last in the ECAC and entered the game on a three-game losing streak. After a scoreless opening period against Colgate, Jeff Buvinow ’12 fired a shot from the left point just 1:05 into the second period. Colgate goalie Alex Evin didn’t see the shot that beat him, as he was screened. Smith and Assistant Captain Matt Vokes ’09 assisted on the play. The lead didn’t last long, as Colgate got one back just eight seconds later. Tom Riley of the Red Raiders won the face-off to Nick St. Pierre, who passed it back to Riley. Riley rushed into Brown’s defensive zone and shot from the top of the right face-off circle. The puck beat goalie Mike Clemente ’12 for the only time all night, as the freshman tallied 32 saves. The score remained knotted at 1-1 until Smith scored on a power play with just 12 seconds remaining in the middle frame. Sean McMonagle ’10 scored his third goal of the season just under 14 minutes into the final period. McMonagle took the puck from behind the net and tried a wrap-around shot. Evin stopped the first but couldn’t corral the rebound. McMonagle collected the rebound in traffic and scored on a wrist shot, giving the Bears a 3-1 advantage. The Raiders pulled Evin with 1:33 left in favor of an extra attacker. Mike Stuart ’09 intercepted a pass at midice just under a minute later. Stuart scored on the empty net to make the final score 4-1. The following night, the Bears kept the game close against Corcontinued on page 8

Andrea Hunter ’10 speeds away from her opponent Saturday.


S portS m ondaY
continued from page 7 Colgate added another goal seven minutes into the period, but Stock set the saves record two minutes later during a Raiders power play by stopping one shot to tie the record and the rebound to break it. With 1:32 remaining, the Bears appeared to finally get on the scoreboard, but the goal was waived off because the referee ruled that a Brown player used her hand to punch the puck into the goal. Colgate’s Lisa Plenderleith made 18 saves to shut out Bruno. “I think we were just slow from the get-go,” Stock said. “We weren’t getting on it real quick, we weren’t getting the puck in deep (and) we weren’t doing the little things that really help you win hockey games. It started in the first period; we got down 2-0 and kind of just never bounced back.” It was more of the same on Saturday, as the Big Red buried the Bears early. Cornell raced out to the lead just 2:37 into the game, scored again three minutes later, and took a 3-0 lead just 10:29 into the frame, on its way to a 19-3 advantage in first period shots. “They had better players,” Murphy said. “Cornell has done a very good job of supporting its women’s hockey program. They have several players on the national team that they have been able to attract to Cornell, and it’s a good job in their recruiting efforts. They outworked us, and they were better athletes.” The Bears appeared to turn the corner in the second period, taking nine shots, getting 18 saves from Stock, and holding the Big Red


MONDAY, JANuARY 26, 2009

“I think we were just slow from the get-go.”
— Nicole Stock ’09, women’s hockey captain

Goalie breaks saves record but w. hockey struggles
in the conference. And in November Brown had lost to Cornell on a goal with eight seconds left in overtime before turning around to beat Colgate, 4-3. On Friday, after going 13 scoreless minutes, Colgate took a lead it would not relinquish with 6:21 remaining in the first period. The Raiders were whistled for the game’s first penalty a minute later, but it was the Bears who were burned on their own power play, as Colgate’s Katie Stewart broke away and beat Stock top-shelf for the shorthanded goal to give her team a 2-0 lead. “I think it sucked some of the wind out of us, but we (have to) bounce back and put that behind us and move on,” Stock said. “We have to be better at mentally putting things behind us.” Colgate would go on to notch three more shots during Brown power plays, but Stock stopped all of them. For the weekend, the Raiders and the Big Red combined to outshoot the Bears, 7-6, during Bruno power plays. Stock made only 11 saves during the first period, but she notched 18 in the second period to bring her within nine saves of the record. Still, Colgate scored twice in the middle of the second frame to open up a 4-0 lead. Erica Kromm ’11 came close to putting Brown on the board early in the period, but her shot clanked off the right pipe. Entering the third period, with the game all but put away for Colgate, the primary question was when Stock would break the record.

Justin Coleman / Herald

Women’s hockey suffered a disappointing 6-0 loss to Cornell at home on Saturday night.

scoreless for over 12 minutes, but the lead grew to 4-0 on a beautiful play. Cornell’s Rebecca Johnston streaked down the right side nearly to the goal before centering to Chelsea Karpenko, who one-timed the puck into the back of the net. Cornell tacked on two goals 47 seconds apart midway through the third period to produce the 6-0 final score. Sasha Van Muyen ’10 led Bruno with five shots, but Jenny

Niesluchowski made 18 saves to slam the door on the Bears, marking the first time in program history that the team was shut out in consecutive games at home. “I am a little disturbed by our lack of scoring,” Murphy said. “I think that mentally when we play at home we’re not as focused, and it’s frustrating as a coach. I think this week … getting back to the academic routine really affected our

play. If you had seen us play last weekend (against) Clarkson and St. Lawrence, we were a night-and-day team. We were a very good team last weekend, and the only thing I can think of is the imposter team showed up.” The Bears will hit the road to face Quinnipiac on Friday and Princeton on Saturday. “Hopefully the right team will show up,” Murphy said.

Bulldogs run m. icers split weekend matches, end losing streak over m. hoops
continued from page 7 nell (14-2-3, 9-1-2 ECAC) until the third period, but lost 5-1 after the hosts scored three goals in the final frame. The Big Red received six of the 30 first-place votes in the USA Today Poll this week, and received the No. 3 overall ranking. They entered their match against Brown atop the ECAC standings though they had lost 4-3 to Yale the night before. The Yale loss was their first loss since November and only their second of the season. The Big Red came out like a topranked team in the first period, scoring on just their second shot 1:38 into the game. When the Bears turned the puck over in the defensive zone, Cornell’s Michael Kennedy collected the puck and fired a rocket that beat Clemente top shelf. Both teams got friendly with the penalty boxes in the first period. Brown gave Cornell four power play opportunities and received two as well. Assistant Captain Jordan Pietrus ’10 was whistled for slashing at 4:18 into the opening frame. As Pietrus’s time in the box expired, Joe Devin of Cornell scored the first of his two goals that night, putting Cornell ahead 2-0 in the second period. The Bears made it a one-goal game under a minute into the final period. Buvinow skated down the left wing as Smith trailed behind. Buvinow left the puck for Smith at the top of the face-off circle. Smith took it, and flung a wrist shot past Ben Scrivens glove-side low to bring the Bears within one. The Big Red increased their lead under five minutes later when Devin scored his second of the night on a two-on-one fast break. Devin’s wrist shot from the left circle ricocheted off the crossbar and into the net. Cornell tacked on two more goals in the last five minutes to make the final score 5-1. The Bears return to home ice Friday night when they take on Quinnipiac (13-9-2, 6-4-2 ECAC Hockey) at 7 p.m. in the first match-up between the two conference rivals this season.

yet again

continued from page 7 on back-to-back possessions to cut Yale’s lead to two points with 2:05 remaining. Yale expanded its lead to 57-51, but Mullery connected on a pair of free throws and Friske came up with a steal and converted a lay-up to bring the Bears back to within two points. Friske played a solid all-around game, with six points, six rebounds and a game-high seven assists. With 18 seconds remaining, Friske fouled Yale’s Porter Braswell, who missed both of his free throw attempts, giving Brown a golden opportunity to tie or win the game, but the Bears were unable to get off a final shot, and the Bulldogs eked by with the win. “Everybody was really disappointed with the loss, because we really left everything out on the court,” Friske said. “But we can’t hang our heads, we have to move on to our next game.” Following his performance on

Justin Coleman / Herald

Tri-captain Chris Skrelja ’09 wasn’t able to put the Bears over the top in a close game versus Yale.

Friday, Mullery leads the Bears with season averages of 16.3 points and 1.9 blocks per game. He is currently fourth in the Ivy League in scoring and second in blocks. Next weekend, the team will travel to New York in search of their first Ivy League win under first-year Head Coach Jesse Agel. On Friday night, the Bears will take on a strong Cornell team (126, 2-0 Ivy) that includes forward

Ryan Wittman, who leads the Ivy League with 19.6 points per game, and seven-foot center Jeff Foote, the league’s leading shot-blocker. Then on Saturday, Brown will play Columbia (5-11, 0-2 Ivy). “We’re going to have to be solid for 40 minutes. Even in games that we’ve won, I don’t think we’ve done that yet,” Friske said. “Coach has stressed that we need to focus on being consistent.”

world & nation
The Brown Daily Herald

MONDAY, JANuARY 26, 2009 | PAGE 9

Biden warns of increase in U.S. casualties
By peter wallsten LoS angeLeS timeS

Vice President Joe Biden, in a somber assessment of the road ahead, predicted Sunday that U.S. casualties would climb in Afghanistan as the Obama administration shifts military priorities in the battle against terrorism. “We’ve inherited a real mess” in Afghanistan, Biden said. “We’re about to go in and try to essentially reclaim territory that’s been effectively lost. ... All of this means we’re going to be engaging the enemy more now.” One of President Barack Obama’s first major foreign policy challenges is to confront an increasingly aggressive Taliban by trimming U.S. forces in Iraq and bolstering the troop commitment in Afghanistan. But the complexity and potential cost of the new strategy were underscored Sunday by an outcry from Afghanistan over a U.S. operation that the United States said killed 15 militants but Afghan officials said had claimed the lives of 16 civilians, including two women and three children. In Kabul, President Hamid Karzai condemned the strike, saying that repeated American military operations in which civilians are killed are “strengthening the terrorists.” Beyond the latest incident, the situation in Afghanistan reflects an earlier decision by the Bush administration and its allies to limit military involvement there -- an approach that has opened the way for a resurgent

Taliban that now rules unchallenged in much of the countryside and stages effective hit-and-run attacks on the urban areas where U.S. and other forces are concentrated. And the Taliban’s continued ability to operate from bases and staging areas across the border in northern Pakistan, with relatively little opposition from a weakened Pakistani government, adds to the problem for U.S. strategists. Obama has pledged to deploy some 20,000 additional troops in Afghanistan in an Iraq-like “surge” designed to impose security in cities and towns that essentially have gone lawless. That is a major increase, but the current force numbers only about 32,000 -- far smaller than the roughly 200,000 serving in Iraq and only a fraction of what experts say would be needed to dominate the region. Add to this Afghanistan’s history of bloody but successful resistance to outsiders. Remote, mountainous and riven by tribal loyalties and a network of local warlords with shifting alliances, Afghanistan has been a graveyard for foreign military forces, including the Soviet Union and imperial Britain. It was against this grim background that Biden, asked whether Obama’s surge in Afghanistan would lead to more American casualties, said: “I hate to say it, but yes I think there will be. There will be an uptick.” The vice president did not provide details of how the additional forces

would be used, beyond saying they would help train Afghan police and try to reclaim land. He did not say how many forces, for example, might be sent to the border with Pakistan, where many militants move easily across the rugged terrain and where al-Qaida leaders are believed to be hiding. Biden, who traveled to Pakistan shortly before being sworn in as vice president, declined to comment on reports that a U.S. drone crossed into that country last week and attacked an al-Qaida post -- but he reiterated Obama’s statements during the campaign that he would not hesitate to strike within Pakistan if there was “actionable intelligence.” Gen. David H. Petraeus, head of Central Command, is conducting a review of the military situation in Afghanistan that is expected to be completed within weeks. Obama last week named former U.N. Ambassador Richard Holbrooke as a special envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan. And, in describing the region as “the central front in our enduring struggle against terrorism and extremism,” the new president signaled that the additional U.S. soldiers could well find themselves in combat along the Afghan-Pakistan border. “There is no answer in Afghanistan that does not confront the alQaida and Taliban bases along the border, and there will be no lasting peace unless we expand spheres of opportunity for the people of Afghanistan and Pakistan,” Obama said.

olmert defends Israeli military’s actions in Gaza
By asHraf KHalil LoS angeLeS timeS

Governments in europe face growing anger
By pHilip p pan . the WaShington poSt

RIGA, Latvia — On a frigid evening this month, more than 10,000 people gathered outside a 13th-century cathedral in this Baltic capital to protest the government’s handling of Latvia’s economic crisis and demand early elections. The demonstration was one of the largest here since the mass rallies against Soviet rule in the late 1980s, and a sign of both the public’s frustration and its faith in the political system. But at the end of the night, as the crowd dispersed, the protest turned into a riot. Hundreds of angry young people, many drunk and recently unemployed, rampaged through the historic Old Town, smashing shop windows, throwing rocks and eggs at police, even prying cobblestones from the streets to lob at the Parliament building. Similar outbursts of civil unrest have occurred in recent weeks across the peripher y of Europe, where the global financial crisis has buffeted smaller countries with fewer resources to defend their economies. Especially in Eastern Europe, the turmoil reflects surging political discontent and threatens to topple shaky governments that have been the focus of popular resentment over

corruption for years. Europeans have compared the unrest to events of the 1960s and even the 1930s, when the Great Depression fueled political upheaval across the continent and gave rise to isolationism and fascism. But no ideology has tapped into public anger and challenged the basic dominance of free-market economics and democratic politics in these countries. Instead, protesters appear united primarily by dashed economic hopes and hostility against the ruling authorities. “The politicians never think about the country, about the ordinary people,” said Nikolai Tikhomirov, 23, an electronics salesman who participated in the Jan. 13 protest in Riga. “They only think of themselves.” Days after the riot, a demonstration by 7,000 protesters in neighboring Lithuania turned violent, leading police to respond with rubber bullets. Fifteen people were injured. Smaller protests and clashes have erupted in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and Hungar y, following weeks of street violence in Greece last month. On Thursday, police in Iceland used tear gas for the first time in half a century to disperse a crowd of 2,000 protesting outside Parliament in Reykjavik. The next day, Prime Minister Geir Haarde agreed to call early elections and

said he would step down. Dominique Strauss-Kahn, head of the International Monetar y Fund, said the financial crisis could cause further turmoil “almost everywhere,” listing Latvia, Hungary, Belarus and Ukraine as among the most vulnerable nations. “It may worsen in the coming months,” he told the BBC. “The situation is really, really serious.” There is particular concern about the relatively young and sometimes dysfunctional democracies that emerged after the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, where societies that endured severe hardship in the 1990s in the hope that capitalism and integration with the West would bring prosperity now face further pain. “The political systems in all these countries are fragile,” said Jonathan Eyal, director of international security studies at the Royal United Services Institute, a research group in London. “There’s a long history of unfulfilled promises and frustration with the political elites going back to the Communist era.”

GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip — Israeli Prime Minster Ehud Olmert on Sunday defended his country’s 22-day offensive in the Gaza Strip and pledged to defend the military against international calls for an investigation of potential war crimes. “The soldiers and commanders who were sent on missions in Gaza must know that they are safe from various tribunals and that the State of Israel will assist them on this issue and defend them,” Olmert said before his weekly Cabinet meeting in Jerusalem, in comments released by the government. Condemning the “moral acrobatics” of critics who are “trying to turn the attacker into the attacked and vice-versa,” Olmert said a specialized government team, headed by Justice Minister Daniel Friedmann, would coordinate a potential legal defense if necessary. Global activists and some governments have called for an inquiry into charges that Israeli soldiers employed disproportionate force and used white phosphorus munitions in residential areas. Amnesty International has called Israel’s use of white phosphorus “indiscriminate” and a war crime. Israeli officials have insisted that their soldiers went out of their way to avoid civilian casualties and accuse Hamas fighters of cynically using Palestinian civilians as human shields while firing rockets at Israeli communities. “I do not know of any military that is more moral, fair and sensitive to civilians’ lives,” Olmert said Sunday. The Israeli military launched its assault Dec. 27 with the stated goal of ending years of rocket attacks by Gazan militants against a widening swath of southern Israel. Nearly 1,300 Palestinians were killed and about 5,000 wounded; material and economic damage is estimated at nearly $2 billion. Thirteen Israelis died over the course of the conflict, three civilians from Gazan rockets and 10 soldiers. In Gaza, daily signs of a return to comparative normality continued to appear. Garbage trucks appeared on the streets for the first time Saturday night. More than 4,000 schoolchildren returned to classes Saturday in both public schools and those run by the U.N. Relief and Works Agency. But administrators said they wouldn’t resume normal studies right away, instead focusing on counseling and what one Ministry

of Education official called “moraleboosting activities.” The mutual but unilateral ceasefires declared a week ago by Israel and the militant group Hamas, which controls Gaza, appeared to be holding. But anxiety still runs high among Gazans that the attacks could resume at any time. Panic swept through the southern border town of Rafah on Sunday amid rumors that Israel would begin bombing the hundreds of smuggling tunnels that extend into Egypt. Hamas police closed the Rafah border crossing with Egypt around 4 p.m. Many of the rumors spoke of a warning phone call to the Red Cross from the Israeli military, a claim denied Sunday by Red Cross representative in Gaza. The Rafah tunnels became a vital conduit for smuggled goods when Israel and Egypt largely sealed the territory after the militant group Hamas took control in summer 2007. Hamas encouraged the tunnel trade, describing it as a legitimate lifeline in the face of an economic siege, but Israeli officials charge that weapons and rockets from Iran also pass through. During the offensive, Israeli warplanes repeatedly pounded the tunnels, destroying or damaging many but not all of them. Immediately after Israel declared its cease-fire Jan. 18, smugglers began working to repair tunnels and move goods through the undamaged routes. Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni has declared that her nation reserves the right to bomb the tunnel area if it suspects weapons smuggling has resumed. Representatives from Hamas, its rival Fatah and other Palestinian factions continue to gather in Cairo for Egyptian-brokered national reconciliation talks. The Cairo meetings also will focus on maintaining and extending the current ceasefire. Hamas officials have stated they were open to a longer-term truce with Israel, provided it included a full reopening of Gaza’s borders. President Barack Obama’s newly appointed U.S. envoy to the Middle East was scheduled to arrive in Jerusalem this week for his first official visit, Reuters and Bloomberg news services reported. Former Sen. George J. Mitchell will seek to breathe new life into U.S.-sponsored Israeli Palestinian peace negotiations. Talks toward the establishment of an independent Palestinian state have shown no apparent process over the past year despite a concerted push by the Bush administration.

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editorial & Letters
The Brown Daily Herald
Page 10 | MONDAY, JANuARY 26, 2009

e d i to r i a l

The rank and the rate
With the staggering rise in applicants to the class of 2013, prospective students can expect to see the gritty battle for admission to become more cutthroat than ever — a fact that may scare some, but that bodes well for the University. The success of Brown’s unconventional approach to learning is contingent on a bright and motivated student body. Without gumption and brains, Brown is nothing more than the liberal party school Bill O’Reilly says it is. By culling all but the best, the University ensures the success of the New Curriculum and validation of Ira Magaziner’s ’69 P’06 P’07 P’10 claim that there is, in fact, a better way to learn. The recent increase in selectivity should also help bolster the University’s reputation at home and abroad, something it will need to focus on if it intends to continue to compete with the best universities in the countr y. With Har vard Girl, a guide to raising a Har vard-caliber child, selling over two million copies in China, it’s clear that the face of the applicant pool is changing. To guarantee that the University continues to attract top students, it will have to find a way to convey its excellence to the world. Brown’s relatively poor performance in rankings such as U.S. News & World Report’s “Best National Universities” may not bother us as enrolled students, but certainly affects those high school seniors too far away to see the Main Green first hand. U.S. News currently ranks Brown as the 16th best university in the countr y, the lowest in the Ivy League. U.S. News’ methodology incorporates acceptance rates, which means this recent increase in applications should benefit Brown in future rankings. The University’s fall 2007 acceptance rate — 14 percent — with relation to its position in the ranking is anomalous — Johns Hopkins, ranked 15th, accepted 24 percent and Rice University, at 17th, took 25 percent. This is a testament to the appeal of Brown’s approach to education but also conveys the fragility of its position. If the University is unable to appeal to foreign students and selectivity dwindles, it runs the risk of dropping from the top 20. Dean of Admissions James Miller has said that the office of admissions has not been “focused on applicant volume.” Maybe it’s time they should be. Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board. Send comments to editorials@browndailyherald.com.


l e t t e r s to t h e e d i to r s

Finance courses prepare students for careers, life
to the editor: We read with interest Anish Mitra’s ’10 column on the financial curriculum in the economics department (“A financial curriculum at Brown,” Jan. 22). Part of the motivation for our finance curriculum is to prepare our students for a career in finance. However, the events of recent months show clearly the importance of producing not only better skilled financial analysts, but also citizens, scholars, and leaders that are well-versed in the operation of the financial sector. It is always good for students to learn more about our courses, so his “view from the trenches” was helpful. Let us add some more information that was not in the column: we already offer a Business Economics track of the Commerce Organizations and Entrepreneurship program and the Mathematical Finance Track of the Applied Mathematics-Economic joint concentration. Both of these programs can help students interested in finance put together a coherent and broad-based concentration in the tradition of a liberal arts education. Moreover, COE, through the generous support of alumni and foundations and the vision of the senior administration, has had a major impact on the quality of finance education at Brown. For the first time, the economics department at Brown has faculty with research interests in the field of finance. These professors are also popular teachers. The link between research and teaching that is so central to the mission of a university-college ensures that our finance curriculum is focused not just on teaching the technical skills that are in demand at a particular point in time, but on the broader intellectual questions about how the financial sector operates and how it interacts with society. We are pleased that Mitra agrees that our current finance courses, many of which have been introduced recently, provide “an excellent foundation for an official financial curriculum at Brown.” However, Mitra is wrong about the outcome. According to the Career Development Center, JP Morgan, Citigroup, Lazard and Credit Suisse have recruited at Brown in recent years. This year they are not really hiring very much anywhere. We are not standing still. This year we are running searches to fill the two faculty positions that were allocated to us as part of the Plan for Academic Enrichment to help develop the COE program. The stiff competition from business schools for the best faculty talent in the area of finance creates a particular challenge for a university such as Brown without such a school. But the opportunity to teach quality undergraduate and graduate liberal students works to our advantage. In the future, depending on student demand, faculty expertise, and the changing intellectual landscape we may decide that it is sensible to offer a more specialized finance concentration within COE or economics. Until then, you can trust us: we are offering an excellent set of finance courses that allow our students to compete successfully for jobs in finance with their counterparts at Harvard, Yale, Princeton or Penn.

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andrew foster Professor and Chair, Department of Economics ivo welch Professor, Department of Economics Jan. 23

PoSt- magaziNe

A photo that accompanied an article in last Friday’s Herald (“U. gets 90 offers for cheap Angell St. houses,” Jan. 23) was incorrectly attributed to Eunice Hong ’11. The photo was taken by Kim Perley ’10. Due to an editing error in the same article, the headline incorrectly stated that 90 offers were received for the properties. In fact, 90 inquiries were received and nine serious offers were made. A column in Friday’s Herald (“An appropriate punishment,” Jan. 23) implied that workers received medical bills and buildings sustained damage as a result of the Oct. 17 protest of the Corporation by members of the Students for a Democratic Society. It is unclear whether workers had to pay any medical expenses and the students involved were not charged with causing damage to buildings.
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The Brown Daily Herald

MONDAY, JANuARY 26, 2009 | PAGE 11

The truth about conflict
opinions coluMnist
When Israel and its neighbors plummeted into violence in the summer of 2006, a group of friends and I discussed how strange it was that the sight of bleeding little children being rushed to hospitals failed to move the people responsible for the aggression on either side. How was it possible for anyone to watch their own people suffer death and damage? How was it possible for them to allow it to continue? Needless to say, this outlook was slightly simplistic. It could only belong to people who have not witnessed a war. My simplistic outlook was changed when the Brown student group M’kol haKivunim invited an insider from the IsraeliPalestinian conflict to come to Brown last November to speak about his experiences. The speaker, former Israeli soldier Oded Na’aman, served during the Second Intifada in 2000 and now attends Harvard Graduate School. The room in Hillel where he was to speak was overflowing with students. The talk was scheduled to be from 8 p.m. to 9 p.m., but lasted until 10:30 p.m. because students were so eager to ask questions. Na’aman told a wide-eyed group of students about how he, like most other Israelis, served in the army not only because he was required to by the state but also because he believed in his country’s right to exist and wanted to defend it. He thought he would be fighting terrorists who annihilated the peace of everyone he loved. However, he soon realized that most of the people he dealt with and pointed a ence even more uncomfortable. Holding a gun and having the power to “punish” people made him feel powerful. He started enjoying being able to bully the people he had always been terrified of growing up. It was hard to believe this to be true of the agreeable person the audience now saw before it. His was a smooth transition from being someone we could identify with to being a person who was consumed by the inhumanity of war, and back. the news regularly and be well informed about the daily progress (or rather, the daily regress) of the peace efforts in the region, most have not actually lived in a war zone. Education may allow students to have fine academic ideas about peace, but many cannot imagine the ground reality of a war. They may not understand why thoughts such as the ones my friends and I had about peace would be alien to people in conflictridden regions. Brown students are some of the brightest in the country. Many of them will go on to become politicians, influential peace activists and members of think tanks that strive to provide solutions to sensitive conflicts. Additionally, the fresh opinions of relatively unbiased people from outside a conflict is always valuable. However, for their ideas to be of any good to people in war-torn areas, it is important that students everywhere not simply dismiss people like Na’aman as inhumane monsters, as I once did. And it is imperative that these students have a deeper understanding of war, violence and terrorism.

Students’ education may allow them to have fine academic ideas about peace, but few can imagine the ground reality of a war.
gun at were innocent and poor Palestinian civilians. Along with his fellow soldiers, he found himself being harsh towards guiltless parents in front of their children. Eventually, the war changed the people the soldiers were as well. An innocent child’s face no longer moved them, just as watching someone die no longer horrified them. By now the audience had begun shifting uneasily. This was the truth about war that people did not know, and many did not want to. What he said next made the audiAs the violence in the Middle East is renewed, I now feel slightly guilty having had naive notions about war. Sitting in comfortable coffee shops, watching the bombs drop on TV and criticizing the brutality of it all is perhaps not fair when the criticism comes from people who have never experienced a war. We cannot grasp the kind of stress and emotional injury of those who have witnessed conflict. Put in their shoes, who knows the kind of individuals we would be? While many Brown students may watch

Fatima Aqeel ’12 is a first-year from Karachi, Pakistan. She can be reached at Fatima_Aqeel@brown.edu.

does everyone need a bachelor’s degree?
opinions coluMnist
The new semester has never been so new. We begin our new classes in a new year and with an eye on our new, change-loving president. Upon returning to campus, I find myself wondering what new things President Barack Obama will bring to higher education. The “Education” section of Obama’s Web site highlights his priorities for higher education. The first will create a tax credit to “ensure that the first $4,000 of a college education is completely free for most Americans.” The second will simplify the application process for financial aid. No one knows which promises Obama will keep, but when it comes to education proposals, ever yone wants a say. One of the most striking suggestions comes from education theorist and author Charles Murray. In an op-ed published Dec. 27 in the New York Times, Murray writes, “As president, Mr. Obama should use his bully pulpit to undermine the bachelor’s degree as a job qualification.” Murray wants employers to require a certification test instead of a bachelor’s degree, and he wants Obama to fer vently endorse this practice. Murray believes that de-emphasizing the bachelor’s degree will take the pressure off young people to get a degree that they do not want to get, do not need to get or simply cannot afford. I quickly dismissed his proposal. Ever yone wants higher education and its accompanying proof, right? Then I considered why I so firmly believe in the necessity of the bachelor’s degree and the traditional four-year campus education. I am enrolled in a prestigious four-year university. I will earn my bachelor’s degree three months from now and have greatly enjoyed my experience. But a bachelor’s degree from a four-year institution is not the only form of higher education, though it is the only one that seemed natural to me. Murray draws this distinction, and his argument, which preser ves the importance of higher education in general, seems worthy of consideration. bachelor’s degree because they could not afford to actually pay for college or delay their entr y into the workforce. Murray makes an extremely contentious argument when he asserts that the majority of young people, up to 90 percent for some disciplines, do not have the intellectual capacity to achieve a bachelor’s degree. Furthermore, he writes, “No improvements in primar y and secondar y education will do more than tweak those percentages.” Singling people out as innately incapable of certain mental capacities is dangerous territor y, as Larr y Summers not just exceptionally gifted or especially eager students. Exposure to a variety of ideas and disciplines shapes the way students think rather than providing them with a particular and potentially limiting skill. This background and its accompanying credentials would provide some fallback if, for example, an individual was laid off from a job and had to seek work in another field. And, if nothing else, students get four years to mature mentally and emotionally, which allows them the time and consideration necessar y for adopting a satisfying, promising career path rather than grabbing the first thing that comes their way. While I still don’t agree that employers should stop requiring bachelor’s degrees (nor do I understand how one could even effect this change), Murray’s work deser ves respect for pointing out the impracticality or impossibility of achieving a bachelor’s degree for many Americans. Increasing access to a college education should be, and thankfully is, Obama’s focus, as he has proven through his proposed measure to ease the financial burden of all forms of higher education. He even highlights that his proposed tax credit should fully cover the cost of community college tuition. Obama’s equal emphasis on all forms of higher education could help legitimize diverse degrees in the eyes of employers, a change that Murray could stand behind.

It certainly seems unfair to limit the employment prospects of Americans who may be qualified for a job but do not have a bachelor’s degree.
Murray’s argument boils down to time, money and intellectual capability— namely, that most young people do not have enough of any of the three. Murray writes that most young people “want to learn how to get a satisfying job that also pays well. That almost always means education beyond high school, but it need not mean four years on a campus, nor cost a small fortune.” The cost issue is hard to argue with. Obama himself decries the cost of education on his Web site, citing figures like the $19,000 average debt of a graduating senior. It certainly seems unfair to limit the employment prospects of Americans who may be qualified for a job but do not have a might testify. If Murray’s assumption were true, it would seem unusual that all or most students at elite prep schools go on to earn bachelor’s degrees and have relative success in their fields. Shouldn’t only 10 or 20 percent of these kids be able to thrive in college? Educational achievement and class are closely related and wealthy students will continue to pursue and attain bachelor’s degrees as poorer students opt out, thus further entrenching class distinctions. Murray also fails to acknowledge important benefits of the experience required for earning a bachelor’s degree — benefits that would apply to all who undertook it,

Katherine Hermann ’09 is a COE and urban studies concentrator from Portland, Oregon. She can be reached at Katherine_Hermann@brown.edu.

The Brown Daily Herald


“Knot” negates at Bell Gallery

to day

to M o r r o w

M. icers snap out of funk over weekend
28 / 11

Monday, JanUary 26, 2009


31 / 18
page 12

the news in images

c a l e n da r
JanUary 26, 2009 7:00 pM — Jobs in a Tough Economic Climate, Wilson 102 7:00 pM — Sugar Bears Pom Team Tryouts, Alumnae Hall Crystal Room JanUary 27, 2009 7:00 pM — Male Sexuality Workshop (M-Sex) information session, Wilson 102 7:00 pM — Audition for “The Other Shore,” Leeds Theatre


s p o rt s w e e k e n d r e c a p

sHarpe refectory lUncH — Broccoli Noodle Polonaise, BBQ Beef Sandwich, Asian Vegetable Blend, Polynesian Chicken Wings dinner — Rotisserie Style Chicken, Italian Couscous, Vegan Roasted Vegetable Stew, Green Beans verney-woolley dining Hall lUncH — Buffalo Wings with Bleu Cheese Dressing, Baked Macaroni and Cheese, Stewed Tomatoes dinner — Tex Mex Lasagna, Moo Shu Chicken, Tortellini Italiano, Roasted Herb Potatoes

RELEASE DATE– Monday, January 26, 2009

Los Angeles c r o sDailyo r d Times s w Crossword Puzzle
Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis
ACROSS 1 Psychic’s asset 4 Fairy tale lurker 9 Perpendicular to the keel 14 Novelist Tolstoy 15 Like Swiss cheese 16 Stocking thread 17 30-Down’s role in 56-Across and 4-Down 20 Snicker 21 “The __ of Sleepy Hollow” 22 Convent 25 Former significant others 26 Red-blooded 29 Oozes 31 Cancels, as a NASA mission 32 Poet Teasdale 33 Sheep’s cry 36 Dot on a screen 37 Garment bottom 38 Consume the last of 40 Hog home 41 Black, in poetry 43 Pituitary and thyroid 44 Swiss monetary unit 45 Ab __: from the beginning 46 Love-crazy Le Pew 49 Becomes enraged 51 Pronto 53 Hocked 56 1986 30-Down film 60 Macho types 61 Canada neighbor, for short 62 Churchill’s sign 63 Mushers’ vehicles 64 Removed from the chess board 65 Soph and jr. DOWN 1 Wrapper for Santa 2 Air traveler’s assignment 3 Model’s stance 4 1961 30-Down film 5 Mouse and squirrel 6 Bygone 7 Flowery island welcome 8 Caustic potash 9 Sheltered, at sea 10 Ships’ seepage collection areas 11 Devereux’s earldom 12 By oneself 13 Darns, say 18 Professor’s job security 19 Philadelphia hockey player 23 Gist 24 500 sheets 26 Emulates Diddy 27 Memorial news item 28 Like Hummers 30 Actor to whom this puzzle is dedicated (1/26/19259/26/2008) 33 Like a dog’s hind leg 34 BMW rival 35 Lhasa __: small dog 37 Fine-tune 39 Refused 42 Swiss city on the Rhine 43 Tallest land animal 44 Dealt in, as stolen goods 46 Wooded walkways 47 Lucy’s landlady 48 Verse, in Vichy 50 Ghost 52 Swindles 54 Green-eyed monster 55 Critter “in the headlights” 57 Ump’s thumbextended call 58 Johannesburg’s land: Abbr. 59 “You bet!”

stock sets saves record
In a pair of losses for the women’s hockey team this weekend, Captain Nicole Stock ’09 recorded 88 saves. That brings her career saves total to 2,540, a new school record. A starter between the pipes since her freshman year, Stock has been a bright spot for Brown women’s hockey throughout the team’s struggles in recent seasons — earning All-Ivy accolades twice. The weekend was bittersweet for Stock, with the women’s hockey team falling 5-0 to Colgate on Friday and 6-0 to Cornell on Saturday.


enigma twist | Dustin Foley



alien weather forecast | Stephen Lichenstein and Adam Wagner

By Edgar Fontaine (c)2009 Tribune Media Services, Inc.