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Tutorial 6:

Crash - Explicit solution of an


impact problem
Laurence Marks

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
T. 01608 811777 F. 01608811770 E.info@ssanalysis.co.uk W. www.ssanalysis.co.uk

1.

Geometry Import

Import the geometry in the form of a sat file Tutorial 6.sat

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
T. 01608 811777 F. 01608811770 E.info@ssanalysis.co.uk W. www.ssanalysis.co.uk

2.

Material and section properties

Start to define the material properties go into the properties module.


module
Define two materials Steel which will only have linear properties and Aluminium
which will have yield and post yield behaviour. As the problem is dynamic we
w also
need to define a density for both.
7.8e-9
Steel E = 210e3 MPa, NUXY = 0.3, Density = 7.8e
Aluminium E = 70e3 MPa, NUXY = 0.3, Density = 2.5e
2.5e-9
The aluminium plastic properties are as follows;

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
T. 01608 811777 F. 01608811770 E.info@ssanalysis.co.uk W. www.ssanalysis.co.uk

Create section each for Aluminium and Steel.


The aluminium section needs to be defined as a shell and include the shell
thickness of 1.2mm.

Assign the sections to the relevant parts.


Steel Block and Aluminium Crash Box.
Go into the assembly module to instance the parts.

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
T. 01608 811777 F. 01608811770 E.info@ssanalysis.co.uk W. www.ssanalysis.co.uk

3.

Define the first analysis step

For this analysis we shall choose a dynamic explicit step.


Set the total time to 0.02 and accept the other default options.

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
T. 01608 811777 F. 01608811770 E.info@ssanalysis.co.uk W. www.ssanalysis.co.uk

4.

We now define the contacts

In this model we are going to use a general contact.


This contact definition tells the model to detect contact between all surfaces and
also self contact. Friction and other interface properties are defined using the
same interface property approach as used previously.

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
T. 01608 811777 F. 01608811770 E.info@ssanalysis.co.uk W. www.ssanalysis.co.uk

5.

Define restraints
straints and initial velocity

Restrain the rear face of the aluminium tube. Choose encastre fully fixed.

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
T. 01608 811777 F. 01608811770 E.info@ssanalysis.co.uk W. www.ssanalysis.co.uk

We use a predefined field to apply the initial velocity to the steel block. Define
25,000 mm/second in the z direction.

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
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6.

Meshing

Mesh the model with an appropriate mesh size so that it roughly looks like this.

7.

Create and
nd Submit a job

Exactly the same method as the previous tutorials


tutorials.

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
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8.

Open the results file and plot the results

Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


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T. 01608 811777 F. 01608811770 E.info@ssanalysis.co.uk W. www.ssanalysis.co.uk

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Strategic Simulation & Analysis Ltd


Southill Barn, Southill Business Park, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, OX7 3EW
T. 01608 811777 F. 01608811770 E.info@ssanalysis.co.uk W. www.ssanalysis.co.uk

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