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Presente Contnuo ou Progressivo - Present

Continuous or Present Progressive


O Presente Contnuo descreve uma ao que est
ocorrendo agora, neste momento, ou que est acabando de
acontecer. Observe mais detalhadamente:
- USOS:
1. Aes que ocorrem no momento da fala. A ao
tem incio antes do momento da fala, continua no
momento em que se fala e, provavelmente,
continuar depois do momento da fala:
My mother is sweeping the house. (Minha
me est varrendo a casa.)
Hurry up! We are all waiting for
you! (Depressa! Estamos todos esperando por
voc!)
George is sleeping. (George
est dormindo.)
He is surfing. (Ele est surfando.)

2. Expressa uma ao presente, que pode ou no


estar ocorrendo no momento em que se fala:
I'm reading a very interesting book. (Estou
lendo um livro muito interessante.)
Is your father working at GM? (O seu pai est
trabalhando na GM?)
I'm travelling a lot these days. (Estou viajando
bastante nestes dias.)

I'm spending my vacation at the


countryside.
(Estou passando minhas frias no
interior.)
My sister is studying at Cambridge
University.
(Minha irm est estudando na
Universidade de Cambridge.)
3. Descreve uma situao que est se alterando no
momento ou na poca em que se fala:
The price of fruits is going up again. (O preo das
frutas est subindo de novo.)
Those children are getting fatter every
day. (Aquelas crianas esto cada dia mais
gordas.)
The sky is getting cloudy. (O cu est ficando
nublado.)
4. Descreve situaes que se repetem
constantemente. Nesses casos, o advrbio always
frequentemente usado e se posiciona entre o
verbo to be e o verbo principal.
You are always asking something. (Voc est sempre
perguntando algo.)
He is always complaining about his job. (Ele est sempre
reclamando de seu emprego.)
5. Refere-se a aes planejadas que ocorrero
num futuro prximo:
My godmother is having dinner with me tonight. (Minha
madrinha vai jantar comigo esta noite.)

We are leaving before 8:00 pm. (Sairemos antes das oito


da noite.)
Next weekend I'm going to visit you. (Vou te visitar no
prximo final de semana.)
What are you doing tomorrow evening? (O que voc vai
fazer amanha noite?)
FORMAO:
O Presente Contnuo formado com o presente simples
do verbo to be (como verbo auxiliar) + ogerndio (-ing)
do verbo principal:
1. Forma Afirmativa:
They are playing volleyball.
(Eles esto jogando vlei.)

I am writing an article. (Estou


escrevendo um artigo.)
We are talking about our inheritance.
(Estamos falando sobre a nossa
herana.)

She is washing the dishes. (Ela


est lavando a loua.)

It is raining. (Est
chovendo.)

I'm just thinking in another way to do it better. (S estou


pensando em uma outra maneira de fazer melhor.)
FORMA AFIRMATIVA: SUJEITO + PRESENTE SIMPLES
DO VERBO TO BE + GERNDIO (-ING) DO VERBO
PRINCIPAL

2. Forma Negativa:
A Forma Negativa do Presente Contnuo forma-se
acrescentando not aps o presente simples do verbo to be.
Veja os exemplos abaixo:
I'm not asking help. (No estou pedindo ajuda.)
He is not talking to you. (= He isn't talking to you.)
(Ele no est falando com voc.)
You are not working. (= You aren't working.)
(Voc no est trabalhando.)
FORMA NEGATIVA: SUJEITO + PRESENTE SIMPLES
DO VERBO TO BE + NOT + GERNDIO DO VERBO
PRINCIPAL
3. Forma Interrogativa:
Na Forma Interrogativa do Presente Contnuo o sujeito
se posiciona entre o presente simples do verbo to
be e o gerndio do verbo principal. Observe os
exemplos abaixo:
Am I being inopportune? (Estou sendo inoportuno?)
Is she having dinner? (Ela est jantando?)
What is he doing? (O que ele est fazendo?)
What are they watching? (O que eles esto assistindo?)
Where are you going (to)? (Para onde voc vai?)

Why is she crying?


(Por que ela est
chorando?)

FORMA INTERROGATIVA: PRESENTE SIMPLES DO


VERBO TO BE + SUJEITO + GERNDIO DO VERBO
PRINCIPAL (-ING)

OBSERVAO: Devido s ideias que expressam, alguns verbos NO so


usados no Tempo Contnuo: like, deslike, know, believe, understand, mean,
remember, forget, prefer, hate, love, want, need, belong, smell, hear, see
(com sentido de entender), imagine, recognise, realise, suppose, wish, agree,
appear, astonish, deny, disagree, impress, promise, satisfy, seem, consist,
contain, depend, deserve, lack, matter, measure, owe, own, possess, weigh.
Afirmaes
As afirmaes no Present Continuous utilizam o verbo TO
BE e o gerndio do verbo principal. Exemplos:
- I am writing (eu estou escrevendo)
- She is sleeping (ela est dormindo)
Os gerndios dos verbos no Ingls so constitudos da
partcula "ING" no final, seguindo algumas regras:
- Verbos com uma slaba, terminados
com VOGAL+CONSOANTE , dobram a ltima consoante e
depois adiciona-se oING: stop = stopping , cut = cutting.
- Verbos disslabos terminados em VOGAL+CONSOANTE,
e que a slaba tnica seja a ltima, dobra-se a ltima

consoante e adiciona-se o ING. Exemplos: prefer =


preferring , begin = beginning . Se a primeira slaba for
a tnica, apenas adicione o ING no final: enter = entering.
- Verbos terminados com E perdem o E e ganham ING:
write = writing. Os terminados em EE no perdem nada e
s ganham o ING: agree = agreeing
- Verbos terminados com VOGAL+L , dobram o L e
ganham ING: travel = travelling (no ingls britnico, pois
no americano existem algumas excees)
- Verbos terminados em IE perdem o IE e
ganham Y+ING: lie = lying , die = dying
Interrogaes
Para transformar uma frase afirmativa do present
continuous em interrogativa, basta trocar o sujeito e o
verbo TO BE de posio (e coloca-se o "?" claro!).
Exemplos:
- Afirmativa: I am writing | He is crying
- Interrogativa: Am i writing? | Is he crying?
Negaes
Basta adicionar o NOT depois do verbo TO BE:
- I am not (ain't) writing (eu no estou escrevendo)
- He is not (isn't) crying (ele no est chorand

Escolha a opo que melhor preenche os espaos em branco


de acordo com as regras de formao do "presente contnuo".
1.She is..............away from the police.(Run)
A.Running
B.Runing
C.Runnying
2.We're not.............to our parents.(Lie)
A.Lieing
B.Lying
C.Ling
3.Animals are................in Amazonia.(Die)
A.Dying
B.Dieing
C.Ding
4.Theyre...............lots of money.(Make)
A.Making
B.Makeing
C.Makeying
5.She is................in her studies.(Excel)
A.Excelling
B.Exceling
C.Excellying
6.Are you..................now?(Stop)
A.Stoping
B.Stopping
C.Stoppying
7.She is....................Mike's brother.(Date)
A.Dateing
B.Dating
C.Datying

8.I am..........tired today.(Feel)


A.Feeling
B.Feelling
C.Feling

1.

Coloque as frases em ordem.


a) dreaming / he / is
b) are / they / volleyball / playing
c) is / sleeping / Tom
d) eating / they / sandwiches/ are
e) is / exercises / Jane /doing / the

2.

Passe as frases acima para a negativa.


a)
b)
c)
d)

3.

_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________

Passe as frases do exerccio 1 para a interrogativa.

a)_______________________________________________________
b) _______________________________________________________
c) _______________________________________________________
d) _______________________________________________________
4.

Complete as frases abaixo, usando os verbos entre parnteses,


usando o presente continuo.
a) Im not __________. (sleep)
b) They arent _______ at home. (work)
c) She isnt __________ a book. (read)
d) We arent _________ our homework. (do)

e)

He isnt _________ a drink. (have)

Exercise: Put the verb in brackets in the correct form


to make different form of the Present Continuous
Tense.
1. John

(read) a book now.

2. What

(you do) tonight?

3. Jack and Peter

(work) late today.

4. Silvia

(not listen) to music.

5. Maria

(sit) next to Paul.

6. How many other students


with?
7. The phone

(you study)

(not ring).

8. . Write on the words in the correct order to make


different sentences in the Present Continuous Tense positive; negative; yes/no and information questions.
1 my glasses. I'm looking for

2 book you kind What are of reading?

3 crying? Pamela is Why

4 economics studying at University. National Kharkov is P


aul

5 laughing? is everyone Why

6 for you Are waiting me?

7 leaving? you When are

8 John moment. at Saudi Arabia the is in working

9 same working Jennifer Is you? the for as company

10 next having do I'm party Saturday a to you want come?

Put in the verb in brackets into the gaps and form affirmative
sentences in Present Progressive.

1. Alexander
2. We

a film. (to watch)


a computer game. (to play)

3. The dog

at the cat. (to bark)

4. Peter

his rabbits. (to feed)

5. Philipp and Johnny


6. Mary
7. I

a song. (to sing)

her hair. (to wash)


to Doris. (to talk)

8. Peggy

a picture. (to draw)

9. Henry and his sister


10. You
1. He

the poem by heart. (to learn)


in the lake. (to swim)

2. Andrew and Colin


3. Simon

muffins. (to make)

a letter. (to write)

4. They

pictures. (to swap)

5. Kathy

with Bob. (to dance)

6. You
7. I

their mother. (to help)

home. (to run)


a shower. (to take)

8. We

money for a new computer. (to save)

9. She

the grass. (to cut)

10. The teacher

his bike. (to ride)

1. Put in the verb in brackets into the gap and form negative
sentences in Present Progressive.
hildren

questions. (not/to ask)

2. Nick
3. I

to the gym. (not/to go)


the door. (not/to open)

4. He

jokes. (not/to tell)

5. The baby

now. (not/to cry)

6. We

a farm. (not/to visit)

7. They

the phone. (not/to answer)

8. Gerry, Joe and Boris


9. My teacher

hamburgers. (not/to eat)


at the bus stop. (not/to wait)

10. The rabbit

over the fence. (not/to climb)

1. Anne and Ron

in a helicopter. (not/to fly)

2. Olivia

her eyes. (not/to close)

3. They

through the park. (not/to jog)

4. The girls

fun at Tom's party. (not/to have)

5. He
6. I

in the sea. (not/to swim)


to the cinema. (not/to run)

7. We
8. Look! Christine
9. She
10. You

a bird house. (not/to make)


. (not/to smile)
the books to the library. (not/to take)
in front of the computer. (not/to sit)

Questions in Present Progressive Exercise 1

Put in the verbs in Present Progressive into the gaps.


1.

Richard

in the garden? (to work)

2.

she

3.

the children

4.

you

5.

the cat

6.

Cliff and Oliver

7.

your mother

8.

the birds

water? (to drink)

9.

Carmen

a pullover? (to wear)

10.

they

a cup of tea? (to have


their homework? (to do)

the kitchen, Tom? (to clean)


in the basket? (to sleep)
friends? (to meet)
sandwiches? (to make)

a pizza? (to eat)

1.

in the lake? (Lisa/to swim)

2.

your brother? (you/to help)

3.

a museum? (he/to visit)

4.

her T-shirt? (Doris/to wash)

5.

home? (they/to run)

6.

to the radio? (Henry/to listen)

7.

the buckets? (the boys/to carry)

8.

the string of the kite? (she/to hold)

9.

breakfast? (we/to make)

10.

the computer? (Ron and Fred/to check)

Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. Use Present


Progressive/Present Continuous. Watch the punctuation and form
sentences or questions.

1. The teacher
2.

the door. (not/to close)

you

the washing-up? (to do)

3. They
4.

the printers. (to check)


your grandmother

5. We
6.

the checkpoint. (not/to pass)


they

7. She
8.

at birds? (to look)

to help? (to try)


to the centre of the town. (not/to walk)

the policemen

9. Look! Steve's mother


10. You

into the bank? (to run)


a cup of coffee. (to make)

the words correctly. (not/to link)

1. He

her name. (not/to shout)

2. We

nice photos. (to take)

3.

Phil

4. What
5. I

you

on the carpet. (not/to lie)


they

to radio now? (to listen)

8. The eagle
9. Why
10. The boys

here? (to do)

on the sofa. (not/to sit)

6. The cat
7.

the exercise? (to explain)

the mouse. (to catch)


Ruth

for money? (to ask)


into the pool. (not/to dive)

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