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# Real Numbers and their

Set

a collection of items or objects.

Elements

the individual items or objects that are in sets

Union

**the joining of sets into a master set. Union will not yield
**

multiples of the same item

Intersection

what is common between two sets

Null Set

a set with no contents

Subset

a set, all of whose elements are also elements of the other set

Properties

**Sets of Numbers we will be studying:
**

Number Set

Letter

Definition

Natural

Numbers

(Counting)

N

{1,2,3,...}

Whole

Numbers

W

{0,1,2,...}

Integers

IN

{...,-1,0,1,...}

Rational

Numbers

Q

Examples

-3i. which is at the heart of the Definition of the Rational Numbers. Q is used here because R is reserved for Real Numbers. Absolute Value Definition: . By definition. Irrational Numbers in Decimal Form: non-repeating. Q is a logical replacement however. i. That is why it is called the Real Number Line.Irrational Numbers IR Real Numbers R Imaginary Numbers IM Complex Numbers C Any of the above Square roots of negative numbers.19i 18i. non-terminating Diagram of Relationships of Sets The number line is not filled until all of R is included. 14+7i. 8 Rational Numbers in Decimal Form: repeater or terminator. It stands for Quotient.

or x units to the right of the goal. Using the above definition. Troubling Statement: Remember: The "-" sign in front of a number or variable really does not mean "negative." it means additive inverse. before we can find a combined. the absolute value of an expression can have a "-" sign in it. if we were told that the distance from an object is x units. variables.. it means that we are either x units to the left of the goal. what we have is an ambidextrous statement. Expression Algebraic Expression Formula 5 A mathematical statement using numbers. An expression which has at least one variable in it. As the "troubling statement" above points out. With Absolute value. Memory Represents Rank P Please Parentheses 1 E Excuse Exponents 2 M My Multiplication 3 D Dear Division 3 A Aunt Addition 5 S Sally Subtraction In case of a tie. there are two possible solution to an absolute value statement. Therefore. . And so. we will have to find two solutions to these problems. A mathematical sentence that expresses the relationship between certain quantities. This must always be either zero or positive. Of course the additive inverse of a number can be positive. and operations.Absolute Value The distance that a number is from zero on the number line. work from left to right. Order of Operations Definitions: Order of Operations The order in which mathematical operations must be done. final solution. Abbr.

A: area.Example: A ball has a radius of 8. Find the surface area of the ball. Properties of Equality .3 in. you must do the same to the other side also. it will results always result in an integer Whatever you do to one side of an equation. r: radius Properties: Property Addition Multiplication Commutative property Associative property Distributive property Identity Property Inverse Property Substitution property Closure property Equal Rights Amendment for Algebra (ERAA) if then either can be substituted for either at any time The set of integers If two elements of a set can is closed under be combined using an subtraction because operation and a third number when you subtract 2 from that same set always integers.

The Equal Rights Amendment for Algebra Property Definition Example Notes Equal Rights Amendment for Algebra (ERA) Whatever you do to one side of an equation. you must do the same to the other side also Took both square roots of both sides Equal Rights Amendment for Algebra (ERA) Whatever you do to one side of an equation.Reflexive Property For any real number a. if a = b. then a = c. and c. you must do the same to the other side also Subtraced 3 from both sides Equal Rights Amendment for Algebra (ERA) Whatever you do to one side of an equation. if a = b and b = c. then b = a Transitive Property For all real numbers a. you must do the same to the other side also Squared both sides . b. you must do the same to the other side also Multiplied both sides by 3 Equal Rights Amendment for Algebra (ERA) Whatever you do to one side of an equation. you must do the same to the other side also Divided both sides by 14 Equal Rights Amendment for Algebra (ERA) Whatever you do to one side of an equation. a = a Symmetric Property For all real numbers a and b.