# Real Numbers and their

Set

a collection of items or objects.

Elements

the individual items or objects that are in sets

Union

**the joining of sets into a master set. Union will not yield
**

multiples of the same item

Intersection

what is common between two sets

Null Set

a set with no contents

Subset

a set, all of whose elements are also elements of the other set

Properties

**Sets of Numbers we will be studying:
**

Number Set

Letter

Definition

Natural

Numbers

(Counting)

N

{1,2,3,...}

Whole

Numbers

W

{0,1,2,...}

Integers

IN

{...,-1,0,1,...}

Rational

Numbers

Q

Examples

It stands for Quotient.-3i. Q is a logical
replacement however.19i
18i. which is at the heart of the
Definition of the Rational Numbers.
i. non-terminating
Diagram of Relationships of Sets
The number line is not filled until all of R is included.
Irrational Numbers in Decimal Form: non-repeating. 8
Rational Numbers in Decimal Form: repeater or terminator. 14+7i.Irrational
Numbers
IR
Real Numbers
R
Imaginary
Numbers
IM
Complex
Numbers
C
Any of the above
Square roots of negative numbers. By
definition. That is why it is called the
Real Number Line.
Q is used here because R is reserved for Real Numbers.
Absolute Value
Definition:
.

Troubling Statement:
Remember:
The "-" sign in front of a number or variable really does not mean
"negative.
An expression which has at least one variable in it. and
operations.
A mathematical sentence that expresses the relationship
between certain quantities. final solution.
With Absolute value. it means that we are either x units to the left of the goal.
This must always be either zero or positive.
Expression
Algebraic
Expression
Formula
5
A mathematical statement using numbers. before we
can find a combined." it means additive inverse. we will have to find two solutions to these problems. if we were told that the distance from an
object is x units.
Order of Operations
Definitions:
Order of
Operations
The order in which mathematical operations must be done. Of course the additive inverse of a
number can be positive. what we have is an ambidextrous statement. the absolute value of an expression can
have a "-" sign in it. And so.Absolute
Value
The distance that a number is from zero on the number line..
.
Abbr. As the "troubling
statement" above points out. variables. Therefore.
Memory
Represents
Rank
P
Please
Parentheses
1
E
Excuse
Exponents
2
M
My
Multiplication
3
D
Dear
Division
3
A
Aunt
Addition
5
S
Sally
Subtraction
In case of a tie.
or x units to the right of the goal. work from left to right. there are two possible solution to an absolute value
statement.
Using the above definition.

r: radius
Properties:
Property
Addition
Multiplication
Commutative property
Associative property
Distributive property
Identity Property
Inverse Property
Substitution property
Closure property
Equal Rights
Amendment for
Algebra (ERAA)
if
then either can be
substituted for either at any
time
The set of integers
If two elements of a set can is closed under
be combined using an
subtraction because
operation and a third number when you subtract 2
from that same set always
integers. it will
results
always result in an
integer
Whatever you do to one side
of an equation.
Properties of Equality
. you must do
the same to the other side
also. Find the surface area
of the ball.3 in. A: area.Example: A ball has a radius of 8.

Reflexive Property For any real number a.
then a = c. if a = b and b = c. you must do the
same to the other side also
Subtraced 3
from both sides
Equal Rights
Amendment for
Algebra (ERA)
Whatever you do to one side of
an equation. and c. if a = b. a = a
Symmetric
Property
For all real numbers a and b. then b = a
Transitive Property For all real numbers a. you must do the
same to the other side also
Multiplied both
sides by 3
Equal Rights
Amendment for
Algebra (ERA)
Whatever you do to one side of
an equation. you must do the
same to the other side also
Squared both sides
.
The Equal Rights Amendment for Algebra
Property
Definition
Example
Notes
Equal Rights
Amendment for
Algebra (ERA)
Whatever you do to one side of
an equation. you must do the
same to the other side also
Took both square
roots of both sides
Equal Rights
Amendment for
Algebra (ERA)
Whatever you do to one side of
an equation. b. you must do the
same to the other side also
Divided both
sides by 14
Equal Rights
Amendment for
Algebra (ERA)
Whatever you do to one side of
an equation.