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# ME 412L

ME Laboratory 1
Name:

Date Performed: ..

Instructor:

## Date Submitted: .........................

Experiment No. 2
I.

II.
III.

IV.

Objective:
1. To know the different types of gages tester.
2. To know the correct and accurate use and operation of each.
3. To calibrate a Bourder pressure gauge by direct comparison with a
test gauge and by means of the dead weight tester.
Apparatus:
Dead weight gage tester, set standard weight accessories.
Gage to be calibrate, adjustable wrench.
Procedure:
1. Draw the dead weight gage tester and label the parts.
2. The accuracy of gage tester to be calibrated is determined by
subjecting it to know pressure and nothing its error. Before the
plunger P has been put in place, the reading of gages called the
zero reading should be observed and recorded. The pressure is
then increased to 10 lbs. square inch. At a time (corresponding to a
weight of none pound.) up to the limit of graduation on the dial,
spinning the piston gently when each reading if taken commercially.
Then the highest pressure the same operation should be repeated
by decreasing the pressure by the same increment.
If there is appreciable difference between the area of plunger P and
its cylinder C, the areas should be average to obtain the real area
to be use in calculating the unit pressure. In other words, the real
pressure exerted on the fluid in the apparatus is found divided the
area average in inches.

## Data and Result:

No. of

V.
VI.

VII.

Weight
(Kg)

Means

Actual
Pressure

Mean
Error %

1.750

Up
4.12

Down
4.15
9.135

4.027

11.455%

3.4423

8.44

7.73

8.085

7.6108

10.75%

4.0828

9.52

8.44

8.98

8.9728

3.815%

4.7253

10.19

10.415

10.3332

4.05%

4.8443

10.54

10.56

10.5847

2.89%

6.8943

10.6
4
10.5
8
14.9
1

14.93

14.915

14.5286

2.16%

Computation:
Question:
1. What is the importance of this experiment?
2. Draw the curve between mean gage reading and actual pressure.
Explain the significance.
3. Draw and label parts of dead weight gage tester. Discuss the
operation.
4. What are the precautions in using other gages?
5. Draw and discuss corsby portable fluid pressure scale.
6. Explain the calibration of gages with mercury columns.
7. Draw the principles of this gage tester calibration.
8. Explain the principles of this gage tester calibration.
Discussion:
In order to ensure correct readings on the gages they must first be
calibrated. Calibration may be described as a comparison of the readings of a
gage of unknown accuracy with those of standard of known accuracy. To
calibrate a gage we make use of the dead weight tester.
In the use of this experiment a known pressure is applied to the oil
enclosed within, by placing weights on the circular platform. The cross sectional
area of the plunger supporting the platform is of a square inch. Therefore, if we
add a one-pound weight to the platform, the resulting pressure is 4 pounds per
square inch inside the tester. A pressure gage would read 4 psig.
Three factors which may cause inaccurate readings in bouring type
gage are; 1) Friction 2) lost motion, and 3) hysteresis. Friction between links and
pivots, shafts and bearings, or gear teeth may use some of the force supplied by
the Bourder element. Frictional error is usually expressed in percentage of the
total instrument range. A gage with a range of 0 to 100 psi might have a frictional
error of 1 lb. such a frictional error would be 1% of the instrument range. Lost
motion usually occurs as a result of water, such as enlarge pivot holes, worm
shaft and bushing, and were gear teeth.

## Hysteresis, is the failure of an electric medium such as the Bourder spring

to return to the same position for a given pressure when this pressure is applied
first in the direction of the pressure increase, then in the direction of the pressure
decrease. For example, suppose you have a frictionless gage with 0 to 100 psi
range. We, increase the pressure from 0 to 50 psi and obtain a reading of 49.5
psi. this, time the gage the gage reads 50.5 psi. thus, we have a minus pound
on the decrease of pressure, making a total of 1 pound of dead spot. This one
pound of dead spot is known as hysteresis.
VIII.

Conclusion:

I therefore conclude that Three factors which may cause inaccurate readings in bouring
type gage are; 1) Friction 2) lost motion, and 3) hysteresis. Friction between links and
pivots, shafts and bearings, or gear teeth may use some of the force supplied by the
Bourder element. Frictional error is usually expressed in percentage of the total
instrument range. A gage with a range of 0 to 100 psi might have a frictional error of 1
lb. such a frictional error would be 1% of the instrument range.

IX.

Reference:
wikipedia.org