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DESIGN OF 3-PILE CAP

PILE CAP ID:PC-1


DATA
Grade of concrete
Grade of Steel
Safe load Carrying Capacity of

450

mm dia pile

Axial load from analysis

fck=

30

fy=

415

200

P=

585

Moment at column Base (about x-x axis)

Mx=

Moment at column Base (about z-z axis)

Mz=

Horizontal shear at X-X axis

Fx=

Horizontal shear at Z-Z axis

Fz=

No. of piles
Dia of pile

hp=

450

Column size

Bc=

300

Dc=

450

Clear cover

Projection from the Pile

75

tp=

150

Minimum Spacing of pile required(2.5*hp)

L=

1125

Spacing of pile provided

L=

1150

Depth of pile cap

D=

550

750
mm
Zi

1750

Xi

1000

Dc
Bc

750

1150
1900
mm
PILE CAP SIZE:

Clear cover

75

Effective depth of pile cap d

469

Base length of the pile cap

1900

1000

Height of the pile cap

1750

Plan area

2.75

Vertical Spacing between piles

Self weight of pile cap

Lv=L3/2

P1=

38

soil weight above the pile cap

P2=

45

LOADS ON PILE CAP


Load on each each pile

W=1/3(P+P1+P2)

W=

222.60

Mx=

Fz=

Mx=

1.1

3.1

LOAD CALCULATION ABOUT X-X


Moment at the bottom of pile cap about XX direction
Horizontal shear at pile cap level
Moment at the bottom of pile cap due to horizontal shear
Total moment at the bottom of pile cap
Vertical reaction on each pile due to Mx

=Mx/Sz

P3x=

2.70

Moment at the bottom of pile cap about ZZ direction

Mz=

Horizontal shear at pile cap level

Fx=

Moment at the bottom of pile cap due to horizontal shear

Mz=

1.1

LOAD CALCULATION ABOUT Z-Z

Total moment at the bottom of pile cap


Vertical reaction on each pile due to Mz

=Mx/Sx

Total load on each pile due to moments(P3x+P3Z)

3.10

P3z=

3.10

P4=

5.80

Wc=

228.400

CHECK FOR COMPRESSION CAPACITY


Unfact max Compression load on each pile Wc=W
Compression load capacity of pile

Factored maximum load on each pile

200

Wfac=

342.600

Hence

unsafe

Wu=

342.60

Muz=

151.31

Effective depth required

dreq=

161.722

Effective depth Provided

dpro=

469

Hence Depth provided

ok

DESIGN OF PILE CAP


Factored Load
Bending moment in ZZ

Wu=1.5x(W+P4)
Muz =Wu x(2/3)xLv-Dc/2

AST CALCULATION ABOUT X-X DIRECTION:


Muz/bd2

0.47

Percentage of steel required

0.141

816.06

Area of steel required

958.8705

Dia of bar

12

Minimum percentage of steel

0.12%

Spacing required

171

Provided Spacing

100

Percentage of steel provided

0.24

Hence area of steel Provided

1639.08

Provide

12

mm dia

bars at

100

mm C/C along bottom in ZZ

AST CALCULATION ABOUT Z-Z DIRECTION:


Bending moment in XX

197

Muz/bd2

0.62

Percentage of steel required

0.18

Area of steel required

1224.09

Dia of bar

12

Spacing required

134

Provided Spacing

100

Percentage of steel provided

0.24

Hence area of steel Provided

1639.1

Provide

12

Mu=Wu X L/2

mm dia

bars at

100

mm C/C along bottom in XX

TOP STEEL IN BOTH DIRECTIONS:


Ast required (Minimum 0.12%)

816.06

Dia of bars provided

12

Spacing of reinforcement required

201

Spacing of reinforcement Provided

150

Percentage of steel provided

0.16

Hence area of steel Provided

565.2

Provide

12

mm dia

bars at

150

mm spacing -Top Both direction

HORIZONTAL STEEL:
Ast required(20% of max ast provided)

327.82

Dia of bars provided

12

Spacing of reinforcement required

500

Spacing of reinforcement Provided

175

Provide

12

mm dia

bars at

175

mm spacing as horizontal reinforcement

CHECK FOR PUNCHING SHEAR


Column load

Vuc=

585

Perimeter length

3376

shear area=Perimeter*depth

1.583344

Punching shear stress due to column load Lv=1.5*Vuc/shear area

0.554

Permissible shear stress ks.cz

1.369

Hence

N/mm2
N/mm2
kN
kN
kNm
kNm
kN
kN
Nos
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
m2
kN

kN

kN

kNm
kN
kNm
kNm
kN

kNm
kN
kNm
kNm
kN
kN

kN
kN
kN
in compression
kN
kN
mm

%
mm2
mm2
mm

mm
mm
%
mm

kN
%
mm2
mm
mm
mm
%
mm2

mm2
mm
mm
mm
%
mm2

mm2
mm
mm
mm

tal reinforcement

kN
mm
m2
N/mm2
N/mm2

safe

DESIGN OF 3-PILE CAP


PILE CAP ID:PC-1
DATA
Grade of concrete
Grade of Steel
Safe load Carrying Capacity of

500

mm dia pile

Axial load from analysis

fck=

30

fy=

415

250

P=

740

Moment at column Base (about x-x axis)

Mx=

Moment at column Base (about z-z axis)

Mz=

Horizontal shear at X-X axis

Fx=

Horizontal shear at Z-Z axis

Fz=

No. of piles
Dia of pile

hp=

500

Column size

Bc=

300

Dc=

450

Clear cover

Projection from the Pile

60

tp=

150

Minimum Spacing of pile required(2.5*hp)

L=

1250

Spacing of pile provided

L=

1200

Depth of pile cap

D=

550

800
mm
Zi

1840

Xi

1040

Dc
Bc

800

1200
2000
mm
PILE CAP SIZE:

Clear cover

60

Effective depth of pile cap d

484

Base length of the pile cap

2000

1040

Height of the pile cap

1840

Plan area

3.06

Vertical Spacing between piles

Self weight of pile cap

Lv=L3/2

P1=

42

soil weight above the pile cap

P2=

45

LOADS ON PILE CAP


Load on each each pile

W=1/3(P+P1+P2)

W=

275.67

Mx=

Fz=

Mx=

1.1

3.1

LOAD CALCULATION ABOUT X-X


Moment at the bottom of pile cap about XX direction
Horizontal shear at pile cap level
Moment at the bottom of pile cap due to horizontal shear
Total moment at the bottom of pile cap
Vertical reaction on each pile due to Mx

=Mx/Sz

P3x=

2.58

Moment at the bottom of pile cap about ZZ direction

Mz=

Horizontal shear at pile cap level

Fx=

Moment at the bottom of pile cap due to horizontal shear

Mz=

1.1

LOAD CALCULATION ABOUT Z-Z

Total moment at the bottom of pile cap


Vertical reaction on each pile due to Mz

=Mx/Sx

Total load on each pile due to moments(P3x+P3Z)

3.10

P3z=

2.98

P4=

5.56

Wc=

281.237

CHECK FOR COMPRESSION CAPACITY


Unfact max Compression load on each pile Wc=W
Compression load capacity of pile

Factored maximum load on each pile

250

Wfac=

421.856

Hence

unsafe

Wu=

421.86

Muz=

197.57

Effective depth required

dreq=

179.313

Effective depth Provided

dpro=

484

Hence Depth provided

ok

DESIGN OF PILE CAP


Factored Load
Bending moment in ZZ

Wu=1.5x(W+P4)
Muz =Wu x(2/3)xLv-Dc/2

AST CALCULATION ABOUT X-X DIRECTION:


Muz/bd2

0.55

Percentage of steel required

0.161

894.432

Minimum percentage of steel

0.12%

Area of steel required

= 1200.0296

Dia of bar

12

Spacing required

145

Provided Spacing

100

Percentage of steel provided

0.23

Hence area of steel Provided

1740.816

Provide

12

mm dia

bars at

100

mm C/C along bottom in ZZ

AST CALCULATION ABOUT Z-Z DIRECTION:


Bending moment in XX

253

Muz/bd2

0.70

Percentage of steel required

0.2

Area of steel required

1490.72

Dia of bar

12

Spacing required

117

Provided Spacing

100

Percentage of steel provided

0.23

Hence area of steel Provided

1740.8

Provide

12

Mu=Wu X L/2

mm dia

bars at

100

mm C/C along bottom in XX

TOP STEEL IN BOTH DIRECTIONS:


Ast required (Minimum 0.12%)

894.432

Dia of bars provided

12

Spacing of reinforcement required

195

Spacing of reinforcement Provided

150

Percentage of steel provided

0.16

Hence area of steel Provided

602.88

Provide

12

mm dia

bars at

150

mm spacing -Top Both direction

HORIZONTAL STEEL:
Ast required(20% of max ast provided)

348.16

Dia of bars provided

10

Spacing of reinforcement required

347

Spacing of reinforcement Provided

150

Provide

10

mm dia

bars at

150

mm spacing as horizontal reinforcement

CHECK FOR PUNCHING SHEAR


Column load

Vuc=

740

Perimeter length

3436

shear area=Perimeter*depth

1.663024

Punching shear stress due to column load Lv=1.5*Vuc/shear area

0.667

Permissible shear stress ks.cz

1.369

Hence

N/mm2
N/mm2
kN
kN
kNm
kNm
kN
kN
Nos
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
m2
kN

kN

kN

kNm
kN
kNm
kNm
kN

kNm
kN
kNm
kNm
kN
kN

kN
kN
kN
in compression
kN
kN
mm

%
mm2
mm2
mm

mm
mm
%
mm

kN
%
mm2
mm
mm
mm
%
mm2

mm2
mm
mm
mm
%
mm2

mm2
mm
mm
mm

tal reinforcement

kN
mm
m2
N/mm2
N/mm2

safe

DESIGN OF 3-PILE CAP


PILE CAP ID:PC-1
DATA
Grade of concrete
Grade of Steel
Safe load Carrying Capacity of

600

mm dia pile

Axial load from analysis

fck=

30

fy=

415

300

P=

880

Moment at column Base (about x-x axis)

Mx=

Moment at column Base (about z-z axis)

Mz=

Horizontal shear at X-X axis

Fx=

Horizontal shear at Z-Z axis

Fz=

No. of piles
Dia of pile

hp=

600

Column size

Bc=

300

Dc=

450

Clear cover

Projection from the Pile

75

tp=

150

Minimum Spacing of pile required(2.5*hp)

L=

1500

Spacing of pile provided

L=

1500

Depth of pile cap

D=

600

900
mm
Zi

2200

Xi

1300

Dc
Bc

900

1500
2400
mm
PILE CAP SIZE:

Clear cover

75

Effective depth of pile cap d

517

Base length of the pile cap

2400

1300

Height of the pile cap

2200

Plan area

4.31

Vertical Spacing between piles

Self weight of pile cap

Lv=L3/2

P1=

65

soil weight above the pile cap

P2=

45

LOADS ON PILE CAP


Load on each each pile

W=1/3(P+P1+P2)

W=

329.86

Mx=

Fz=

Mx=

1.2

3.2

LOAD CALCULATION ABOUT X-X


Moment at the bottom of pile cap about XX direction
Horizontal shear at pile cap level
Moment at the bottom of pile cap due to horizontal shear
Total moment at the bottom of pile cap
Vertical reaction on each pile due to Mx

=Mx/Sz

P3x=

2.13

Moment at the bottom of pile cap about ZZ direction

Mz=

Horizontal shear at pile cap level

Fx=

Moment at the bottom of pile cap due to horizontal shear

Mz=

1.2

LOAD CALCULATION ABOUT Z-Z

Total moment at the bottom of pile cap


Vertical reaction on each pile due to Mz

=Mx/Sx

Total load on each pile due to moments(P3x+P3Z)

3.20

P3z=

2.46

P4=

4.59

Wc=

334.453

CHECK FOR COMPRESSION CAPACITY


Unfact max Compression load on each pile Wc=W
Compression load capacity of pile

Factored maximum load on each pile

300

Wfac=

501.680

Hence

unsafe

Wu=

501.68

Muz=

321.91

Effective depth required

dreq=

206.065

Effective depth Provided

dpro=

517

Hence Depth provided

ok

DESIGN OF PILE CAP


Factored Load
Bending moment in ZZ

Wu=1.5x(W+P4)
Muz =Wu x(2/3)xLv-Dc/2

AST CALCULATION ABOUT X-X DIRECTION:


Muz/bd2

0.63

Percentage of steel required

0.175

1178.76

Area of steel required

1719.025

Dia of bar

16

Minimum percentage of steel

0.12%

Spacing required

222

Provided Spacing

150

Percentage of steel provided

0.26

Hence area of steel Provided

= 2545.49333

Provide

16

mm dia

bars at

150

mm C/C along bottom in ZZ

AST CALCULATION ABOUT Z-Z DIRECTION:


Bending moment in XX

376

Muz/bd2

0.74

Percentage of steel required

0.214

Area of steel required

2102.122

Dia of bar

16

Spacing required

182

Provided Spacing

150

Percentage of steel provided

0.26

Hence area of steel Provided

2545.5

Provide

16

Mu=Wu X L/2

mm dia

bars at

150

mm C/C along bottom in XX

TOP STEEL IN BOTH DIRECTIONS:


Ast required (Minimum 0.12%)

1178.76

Dia of bars provided

16

Spacing of reinforcement required

324

Spacing of reinforcement Provided

175

Percentage of steel provided

0.22

Hence area of steel Provided

= 1033.50857

Provide

16

mm dia

bars at

175

mm spacing -Top Both direction

HORIZONTAL STEEL:
Ast required(20% of max ast provided)

509.10

Dia of bars provided

12

Spacing of reinforcement required

422

Spacing of reinforcement Provided

175

Provide

12

mm dia

bars at

175

mm spacing as horizontal reinforcement

CHECK FOR PUNCHING SHEAR


Column load

Vuc=

880

Perimeter length

3568

shear area=Perimeter*depth

1.844656

Punching shear stress due to column load Lv=1.5*Vuc/shear area

0.716

Permissible shear stress ks.cz

1.369

Hence

N/mm2
N/mm2
kN
kN
kNm
kNm
kN
kN
Nos
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
m2
kN

kN

kN

kNm
kN
kNm
kNm
kN

kNm
kN
kNm
kNm
kN
kN

kN
kN
kN
in compression
kN
kN
mm

%
mm2
mm2
mm

mm
mm
%
mm

kN
%
mm2
mm
mm
mm
%
mm2

mm2
mm
mm
mm
%
mm2

mm2
mm
mm
mm

tal reinforcement

kN
mm
m2
N/mm2
N/mm2

safe