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Bell Helicopter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bell Helicopter
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bell Helicopter is an American rotorcraft manufacturer


headquartered in Hurst, Texas, near Fort Worth. A division
of Textron, Bell manufactures military helicopter and tiltrotor
products in and around Fort Worth, as well as in Amarillo,
Texas, and commercial rotorcraft products in Mirabel,
Quebec, Canada. Bell provides training and support services
worldwide.

Contents
1 History
2 Product list
2.1 Commercial helicopters
2.2 Military helicopters
2.3 Tiltrotors
2.4 Projects produced by other companies
3 See also
4 References
5 External links

Bell Helicopter

Type

Subsidiary

Industry

Aerospace

Founded

1935

Headquarters

Hurst, Texas, USA

Key people

John Garrison, CEO

Products

Helicopters, tiltrotors

Parent

Textron

Website

http://bellhelicopter.com

History
The company was founded on July 10, 1935 as Bell Aircraft Corporation by Lawrence Dale Bell in Buffalo, New
York. The company focused on designing and building of fighter aircraft. Their first fighters were the XFM-1
Airacuda, a twin-engine fighter to attack bombers, and the P-39 Airacobra. The P-59 Airacomet, the first
American jet fighter, and the P-63 Kingcobra, the successor to the P-39 and the Bell X-1 were also Bell
products.[1]
In 1941, Bell hired Arthur M. Young, a talented inventor, to provide expertise for helicopter research and
development. It was the foundation for what Bell hoped would be a broader economic base for his company that
was not dependent on government contracts. The Bell 30 was their first full-size helicopter (first flight December
29, 1942) and the Bell 47 became the first helicopter rated by a civil aviation authority in the world and would
become a civilian and military success.[1]
Textron purchased Bell Aerospace in 1960. Bell Aerospace was composed of three divisions of Bell Aircraft
Corporation, including its helicopter division, which had become its only division still producing complete aircraft.
The helicopter division was renamed to Bell Helicopter Company and in a few years, with the success of the
UH-1 during the Vietnam War, it had established itself as the largest division of Textron. In January 1976, Textron
changed the name of the company again to Bell Helicopter Textron.[2]
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Bell Helicopter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bell Helicopter has a close association with AgustaWestland. The partnership dates back to separate manufacturing
and technology agreements with Agusta (Bell 47 and Bell 206) and as a sublicence via Agusta with Westland (Bell
47).[3] When the two European firms merged, the partnerships were retained, with the exception of the AB139,
which is now known as the AW139.

Product list
Commercial helicopters
Bell 47
Bell 204 civilian version of UH-1
Bell 205 civilian version of UH-1
Bell 206 in production
Bell 210 remanufactured, civilian version of UH-1H
Bell 212
Bell 214
Bell 214ST
Bell 222
Bell 230
Bell 407 in production
Bell 412 in production
Bell 417 model canceled in 2007
Bell 427
Bell 429 in production
Bell 430
Bell 525 Relentless under development
Bell SLS under development

The Bell 47 is displayed at the MOMA

Military helicopters
H-13 Sioux
Bell HSL
UH-1 Iroquois (or Huey)
UH-1N Twin Huey
Bell 533 - experimental Huey variant with auxiliary turbojets
AH-1 Cobra (or HueyCobra)
AH-1 SeaCobra/SuperCobra
YAH-63/Model 409 - Cobra-based competitor to the YAH-64
OH-58 Kiowa
H-1 upgrade program:
UH-1Y Venom
AH-1Z Viper (or SuperCobra)
ARH-70/Model 445

Bell 206B JetRanger III

Tiltrotors
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V-280 Valor - currently in development, estimated first flight 2017


V-22 Osprey - with Boeing BDS
Bell/Agusta BA609 - with AgustaWestland
TR918 Eagle Eye UAV
Quad TiltRotor - with Boeing BDS

Projects produced by other companies


AgustaWestland AW139 helicopter (formerly 50/50 as the
Bell/Agusta AB139, now 100% AgustaWestland)

See also
Aviation portal

References

Comparison of the Bell 212 (U.S.


Navy HH-1N) and 412 (Mercy Air) at
the Mojave Airport

1. ^ a b History of Bell Helicopter


(http://www.bellhelicopter.com/en/company/history.cfm)
2. ^ "Our History"
(http://www.bellhelicopter.com/en/training/index.cfm?
content=about/history.cfm&g_folder=header_4). Bell Training
Academy.
3. ^ helis.com Westland: Part IV
(http://www.helis.com/timeline/westland4.php)

External links
Official website (http://bellhelicopter.com)
Bell timeline at the Helicopter History Site
(http://www.helis.com/timeline/bell.php)
Video history of Bell Helicopter
(http://www.educatedearth.net/video.php?id=5148)
"Patents owned by Bell Helicopter Textron"
(http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?
Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&u=%2Fnetahtml%2Fsearch-

Bell 412EP Griffin HT1 helicopter of


the UK Defence Helicopter Flying
School

V-22 in flight

adv.htm&r=0&p=1&f=S&l=50&Query=an%2F%22Bell+Helicopter+Textron%22&d=ptxt). US Patent
and Trademark Office. Retrieved December 5, 2005.

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Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bell_Helicopter&oldid=560442047"


Categories: Helicopter manufacturers of the United States Defense companies of the United States
Helicopter manufacturers of Canada Companies based in Fort Worth, Texas Textron
This page was last modified on 18 June 2013 at 12:38.
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