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Several Papers on the Philosophy of the Composition of Verbs with Prepositions in Greek - As

Illustrated by the Greek of Thucydides. Second Paper


Author(s): David H. Holmes
Source: The New York Latin Leaflet, Vol. 2, No. 42 (Mar. 3, 1902), pp. 1-2
Published by: Classical Association of the Atlantic States
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40405040
Accessed: 23-02-2015 18:20 UTC

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Brooklyn, New York, March 3, 1902

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No. 42

ravrG),we have a usurpation of the simple vTUa>y


which is limited to poetry. The compounds ironrevo,
its passive irooirfoxt,
and ipncvo/iat
are equivalents of
their respective simples, except in the perfect and
Several Paperson The Philosophyof the Com- pluperfectof Bicorno,which are rarely compounded in
we
in Greek Attic Greek, never in Thucydides. In ir2.?.vfiiy
positionof Verbswith Prepositions
-as Illustratedby the Greekof Thucydides have a complete usurpation, the form bllvi being restricted to poetry. Homer has ao. . . .?Jju/uin socalled tmesis, where the prepositional element was
Second Paper
strongly felt. To say, however, with Liddell and
I. A Consideration of the Individual Prepositions
is a stronger form of /ty//,
Scott, that ir'AlvfiL
presupposes a weaker tv/iifor Attic prose, which does
The test of a proper preposition is its ability to
not exist; nTihvfii
is stronger than noNrevu,just as
combine with verbs. It is only necessary to strike
is stronger than ktevu. fAnexovo/iaiis a usurtv/u
to
the
out
of
the
of
list
afufi
proper prepositions
get
pation of the poetic x^range of combinable prepositions in Thucydides.
t. In the simple form i occurs 534 times. It
in
form
and
all
occur
their
/i<j>
(v
They
simple
has
a range of 101 verbs, 98 of which are monoprotwice each). The compounds of /ifi,like the prepothetic and 3 diprothetic. QOepuis its favorite verb,
to
are
confined
sition,
poetry.
mostly
with which it combines 151 times. It is the favorite
v. The case of v is different. While the simof
14 verbs, though the favoritism is not so sharply
to
and
phrases
ple preposition is confined mostly
defined as in the prepositions treated above. It has
poetry, it survives in composition, having a range
an exclusive range of 18 verbs, of which 10 are
of 77 verbs in Thucydides. Its favorite verb is w'^
with which it occurs 144 times. It is the favorite iraELprifva.In oiafdeipo,we have an effortto usurp
(ftep),the proportion standing 3.75:1. The place of
preposition of 5 verbs, not counting its exclusives.
voo, largely confined to poetry, is taken in prose by
It combines exclusively with 17 verbs, of which 9
its compounds; i being its favorite preposition by
the
of
are na elprjfva. In one
these, voyw/u, place
more than 4 to 1.
of the simple has been usurped by the compound in
f. The preposition occurs in simple form 897
In
to
The
poetry.
simple oywfu belongs
prose.
times. It has a range of 89 verbs of which 85 are
avakiGKiu
and vaTio,we have probable usurpations of
monoprothetic, 4 diprothetic. 'lEpxopm{?,6e1v)is its
old simples which had passed out of the language in
favorite verb, with which it combines 47 times.
pre-historic times. 'Av does not occur as first element in diprotheticsor triprothetics. The range of Hip is also a marked favorite. 'E is favorite
is largely poetic.
preposition of 8 verbs, not counting its exclusives.
the simple v, like af<py
vT. The simple preposition vr occurs 52 times The favoritism of f for verbs or of verbs for is
not stronglymarked. Its exclusive range consists of
in Thucydides. It is found in composition with 80
verbs, of which 48 are monoprothetic,27 diprothetic 17 verbs of which 9 are rca^epTjfiha. The simple
and 5 triprothetic. No other preposition occurs more pTvuis superseded by the compounds in Karaand ,H
than once in triprothetics. Its favorite verb is *<> alone occurring in Thucydides.
ev. The preposition v occurs 1794 times, in which
with which it combines 41 times. Other favorites
it stands firstin the list. This fact is rather
10
elnov.
with
It
combines
respect
and
are Iottj[il
exclusively
remarkable considering that it governs but one case.
verbs, of which 7 are irafepqpva.
It has a combinable range of 67 verbs, 55 being
air. The simple n occurs 634 times. It has a
monoprothetic and 12 diprothetic. Its favorite verb
combinable range of 114 verbs, of which 112 are
monoprothetic,and 2 diprothetic. The favorite verb is tfiLwith which it combines 38 times. It is
is Kvofiai,in composition with which it occurs 192 the favorite preposition of 3 verbs, the preference
times. It is the favorite preposition of 22 verbs, not being marked with .niimpmuwhich is superseded in
Its exclusive range consists of
counting its exclusives. It is the exclusive prepo- prose by /iirfiirpq/u.
sition of 23 verbs, of which 15 are na elp^va. In
13 verbs of which II are irauprjikva.In vavno/iai

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THE

LATIN LEAFLET

we have usurpations,
the simpleof the clusive of 2, both of which are na$ pj/fiva.Tiepl
and eTcifnzpTifiL
formerbeing restricted
to Ionic Greek,of the latter has no usurpations.
to poetry.
irp. Rp occurs 80 times. It has a combinable
ir. The simplen occurs 1216 times. It has a rangeof 105verbs,69 beingmonoprothetic,
35 diprois its favoriteverb
rangeof 156 verbsin whichrespectit heads the list theticand 1 triprothetic.Xcpu
of prepositions.117 are monoprothetic,
39 dipro- withwhichit combines37 times. It is the favorite
of 7 verbsand is theexclusivepreposition
and /Mev preposition
thetic. Its favoriteverb is dfii] yiyvofiat
are also favorites,all 3 having ttlfor theirfavor- of 6, I of which.is ira-eipyfivov.
Tipohas no usurite preposition. It is the favoriteprepositionalele- pations.
irp. The preposition
ment of 2$ verbs. Here as in all cases exclusives
npoccurs in simpleform
are not counted. It has an exclusive range of 20 861 times. It has a combinablerangeof 74 verbsof
and 1 tri17 diprothetic
verbs,of which5 are naupr^va. There is no case which56 are monoprothetic,
with whichit
of complete usurpationwith x in Thucydides. prothetic. Its favoriteverb is /t/U<w,
does occurs 67 timesand of whichit is also the favorite
or mfi'ofiai
Though the simpleof kiuiieteofiai
not occur,yet its meaningis sharplydifferentiatedpreposition,being a little in advance of eg. It is
fromthatof the simple. The spheresare different. claimed by 11 verbs as a favoriteand by 2 as an
and no usurpationsoceg. 'Eg occurs 1692 timesin Thucydides,ranking exclusive. No na eiprjpva
next to v,and like v,governingbut one case. Its cur with 7rp6g.
virp."Ynpoccurs64 timesand has a rangeof 11
rangeof verbsis limitedto 23,all of whichare monoprothetic. Its combinablerange is less than thatof verbs,all of whichare monoprothetic.Its favorite
in proportion
to thenumberof verbis aivo,withwhichit occurs9 times. It is not
any otherpreposition
its occurrencesas a simplepreposition.Its favorite a favoriteof any verband has but 1 exclusivewhich
No usurpations.
withwhichit is found65 times,and of is naelpTjfikvov.
verbis aXAxa,
M. The simpleviroccurs422 times. Its range
whichit is also a favoritepreposition,rankingnext
to np. It is the favoriteprepositionof only 1 of combinableverbs consistsof 58, of which45 are
12 diprothetic
and 1 triprothetic.Its
and has no exclusivesand no usurpa- monoprothetic,
verb,clkovtu,
favoriteverb is pxuywith which it combines94
tions.
Kara. The prepositionKaraoccurs in simpleform times and of which it is the favoritepreposition.
and 5 as
861 times. It has a rangeof 105 verbs,104 mono- 3 verbsclaimit as theirfavoritepreposition
In virorrrevi
eprjfivov.
is its favorite an exclusive,of whichI is iraf;
protheticand 1 diprothetic."loTrjfu
vnoToni
owtcvcj
and
we
have usurpationsof
found
verbwithwhichit occurs260 times,.and of whichit
and roiru
used once by Eustais also the favoritepreposition.It is the favorite only in Aristophanes,
DHH
of 16 verbsand has an exclusiverangeof thius,the Homericcommentator.
preposition
In Karuywfu
25 verbs,of which12 are naepq/iva.
we have a usurpationin the active voice. KaOCofia/.,
IMPORTANT NOTICE
and cadu
are usurpations.The simplesare
Kadriiiai
and
are
late
Greek.
Ifa
poetic,o/mi
The Fifth Meeting of The Latin Club
fiera. Meraoccurs 619 times. It is restrictedin
Send Your Postal Card at Once
the rangeof its verbsto 24, of which22 are monoprotheticand 2 diprothetic.Its favoriteverb is
The fifthregular meeting of The New York
it Latin Club is called for
oTTjiLi.Leaving out its only exclusive,/nempe/iei,
Saturday,March29, at 12 m,
cannotbe said to be the favoriteprepositionof any in the Hotel Albert,corner
of UniversityPlace and
Mera
is
not
a
in
verb.
generalfavorite composition. EleventhStreet,New York. This date is selectedat
Hw
occurs35 times. It is not,strictly
vv.
speak- the suggestionof ProfessorHarry ThurstonPeck,
ing, an Attic preposition,survivingchieflyin legal the head of the Latin Departmentof Columbia
and religiousphrases. It has a range of 153 verbs, University,who will address the Club on the
of which 102 are monoprothetic,
and eral subject of SecondaryLatin. All personsgen50 diprothetic
who
1 triprothetic.In respectof range of combinable are interested,
whetherteachersof Latin or not,are
verbs, it stands second in the list of prepositions, cordiallyinvitedto be present. The plan is to
serve
being next to x. Its favoriteverb is aivu,with luncheon (50 cents a plate for members,75 cents
whichit combines130 timesand of whichit is the forguests) at 12 m promptly,
so thatthereshall be
favoritepreposition.It is thefavoritepreposition
of no delay. The addresswill followtheluncheon,and
10 verbs. It has an exclusiverange of 19 verbs,of adjournment
will occurabout2 p m,thusleavingthe
which 13 are aira!;elpr/juva.
There are no usurpa- afternoon
stillunbroken
forthosewho attend. Please
tions withvv.
send a postalcard at once to the Secretary,Mr A L
nap. The prepositionrrapoccurs in simpleform Hodges, 36 East Twelfth
New York, if you
282 times. It combineswith 54 verbs of which48 intendto be present,so Street,
that we may informMr
are monoprothetic
and 6 diprothetic. Efy"is its Frenkel,the proprietorof the hotel,
how many to
favoriteverb,withwhichit occurs 173 timesand of expect. Please attendto this at once. Ladies
are
whichit is the favoritepreposition.It is the favor- especiallyinvited.
ite prepositionof 7 verbs and has a range of 8 exThe above is the only sort of invitationthat is
clusives,4 bein Traf
eprjfiva.
liap has no usurpa- issued.
tions. While avvia is found in Attic prose only in
Out-of-town
teachersmay findit convenientto be
composition(except twice in Plato), and in Thu- in the cityon the day announced.
cydidesonly with nap and M (Kara,once), yet the
Information
as to the conditionsof membership
in
spheresof each are sharplydefined.
The Latin Club can be had at thismeeting,or by reirepl. liepl occurs478 times. It has a rangeof 43 ferringto Nos. 3 and 10 of The Latin Leaflet,
or
verbs,all of whichare monoprothetic.Its favorite by addressingthe Secretary.
withwhichit combines48 times. It
verbis yiyvofiai,
H F TowLE,President
is the favoriteprepositionof 3 verbsand is the exA L Hodges,Secretary

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