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416C, 426C, 428C, 436C and 438C Backhoe Loaders Axles, Differential and

Brakes/ Service Brake Control - Adjust


Service Brake Control - Adjust

Adjustment Procedure For The Two-Wheel Steer

Brake Pedals(1) Lock bar.


1.

Unlock the lock bar (1) .

Service Brake Control(2) Plunger. (3) Boot. (4) Pin. (5) Clip. (6) Rod. (7) Nut. (8) Linkage
rod end. (9) Pedal.
Note: The brakes have identical controls. Adjust one brake control at a time.
2.

Remove the clip (4).

3.

Remove the pin (5) and lower the linkage rod end (8) .

4.

Remove the boot (3) .

5.

Position the linkage rod end (8) on the pedal (9) and install the pin (4) .

6.
Depress the brake pedal and release the brake pedal. This process is called stroking. Stroke the brake pedal six times. This
process will obtain the nominal position for the cylinder piston.
7.

Loosen the nut (7) .

8.

Turn the rod (6) until the rod contacts the plunger (2) .

9.
Rotate the rod (6) for one-half turn to three-fourths turn from the plunger (2). The clearance between the rod (6) and the plunger (2)
will be 6 1 mm (0.24 0.04 inch).
10.

Tighten the nut (7) to 20 5 Nm (14.8 3.7 lb ft).

11.

Remove the pin (5) and lower the linkage rod end (8) .

12.

Install the boot (3) .

13.

Position the linkage rod end (8) on the pedal (9) and install the pin (4) .

14.

Install the clip (5) .

15.

Repeat steps 2 through 14 for the other service brake control.

16.

Lock the lock bar (1) .

Adjustment Procedure For The All Wheel Steer

The Service Brake Control for the All Wheel Steer(1) Nut. (2) Setscrew. (3) Brake pedal.
(4) Plate. (5) Rollers. (6) Plate. (7) Screws.
1.

Remove two screws (7) and remove plate (6) .

2.
Depress the brake pedal (3) and release the brake pedal. This process is called stroking. Stroke the brake pedal six times. This
process will obtain the nominal position for the cylinder pistons.
3.

Loosen nut (1) .

4.

Adjust the setscrew (2) until the rollers (5) contact the plate (4) .

5.

Turn the setscrew (2) counterclockwise until the rollers (5) freely rotate.

6.

Tighten the nut (1) to 30 7 Nm (22.1 5.2 lb ft).

7.
Install the plate (6) and two screws (7). Apply 9S-3263 Thread Lock Compound to the threads. Tighten the screws (7) to 6 1 Nm
(50 10 lb in).
8.

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416C, 426C, 428C, 436C and 438C Backhoe Loaders Axles, Differential and BrakesParking Brake Control - Adjust
Parking Brake Control - Adjust

Adjustment Procedure For The Parking Brake Control


1.

Chock the wheels.

Parking Brake Lever in the DISENGAGED Position(1) Parking brake lever. (2) Release
lever for the parking brake lock.
2.
Place the parking brake in the DISENGAGED position. Depress the release lever (2) and push the parking brake lever (1)
downward.

Parking Brake Control(1) Parking brake lever. (2) Release lever for the parking brake lock.
(3) Fine adjustment knob. (4) Setscrew. (5) Brake disc. (6) Nut. (7) Nut.
3.

Loosen nut (6) and nut (7) .

4.

Tighten nut (7) to 12 2 Nm (8.9 1.5 lb ft).

5.

Turn nut (7) counterclockwise for one full turn. Verify that the brake disc (5) rotates freely.

6.

Tighten nut (6) against nut (7). Tighten nut (6) to 67.5 7.5 Nm (50 6 lb ft).

7.

Remove the chocks from the wheels.


Note: Test the brakes on a dry, level surface.

8.

Check the area around the machine. Make sure that the machine is clear of personnel and clear of obstacles.

9.

Fasten the seat belt before you test the brakes.

10.

If the machine is equipped with All Wheel Drive, place the machine in Two-Wheel Drive.

Parking Brake Lever in the Engaged Position(1) Parking brake lever. (2) Release lever for
the parking brake lock.
11.

Engage the parking brake. Pull the parking brake lever (1) upward in order to engage the parking brake.

12.

Start the engine. Raise the bucket slightly.


Note: If the machine is equipped with a standard transmission, perform step 13. If the machine is equipped with a power shift
transmission, perform step 14.

13.

Perform the parking brake test and adjust for machines that are equipped with a standard transmission.

a.

Place the transmission speed control lever in the THIRD SPEED position.

If the machine begins to move, reduce the engine


speed immediately and apply the service brake
pedal.
a.
indicator will light.

Place the transmission direction control lever in the FORWARD position. An audible alarm will sound and the alert

a.

Gradually increase the engine speed to high idle. The machine should not move.
Note: If the machine moves perform steps 13.d through 13.j. If the machine does not move, proceed to step 15.

a.

Place the transmission direction control lever in the NEUTRAL position.

a.

Lower the bucket to the ground and stop the engine.

a.

Place the parking brake in the DISENGAGED position.

a.

Loosen the setscrew (4) .

a.

Turn the fine adjustment knob (3) clockwise for one to two turns.

a.

Tighten the setscrew (4) .

a.

Repeat steps 11 through 13.

14.

Perform the parking brake test and adjust for machines that are equipped with a power shift transmission.

If the machine begins to move, reduce the engine


speed immediately and apply the service brake
pedal.
a.
Move the transmission control lever to FOURTH SPEED FORWARD, to NEUTRAL, and back to FOURTH SPEED
FORWARD position. This is done in order to override the transmission neutralizer for this test. An audible alarm will sound and the alert
indicator will light.
a.

Gradually increase the engine speed to high idle. The machine should not move.
Note: If the machine moves perform steps 14.c through 14.h. If the machine does not move, proceed to step 15.

a.

Place the transmission control lever in the NEUTRAL position.

a.

Lower the bucket to the ground and stop the engine.

a.

Place the parking brake in the DISENGAGED position.

a.

Turn the fine adjustment knob (3) clockwise for one to two turns.

a.

Tighten the setscrew (4) .

a.

Repeat steps 11,12 and 14.

15.

Reduce the engine speed. Move the transmission to NEUTRAL. Lower the bucket to the ground. Stop the engine.

Adjustment Procedure For The Parking Brake Switch


1.

Chock the wheels.

Parking Brake Lever in the DISENGAGED Position(1) Parking brake lever. (2) Release
lever for the parking brake lock. (3) Cover. (4) Screws.
2.
Place the parking brake in the DISENGAGED position. Depress the release lever (2) and push the parking brake lever (1)
downward.
3.

Remove the four screws (4) and the cover (3) .

Parking Brake Control(1) Parking brake lever. (2) Release lever for the parking brake lock.
(5) Pin. (6) Switch. (7) Bolts. (8) Switch actuator.
4.

Loosen two bolts (7) .

5.

Turn the engine start switch key to the ON position.

6.

Adjust the switch (6) until the switch actuator (8) contacts the pin (5). The alert indicator will go out.

7.

Tighten the two bolts (7) .

Parking Brake Lever in the Engaged Position(1) Parking brake lever. (2) Release lever for

the parking brake lock.


8.
light.

Engage the parking brake. Pull the parking brake lever (1) upward in order to engage the parking brake. The alert indicator will

9.

Remove the chocks from the wheels.

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416C, 426C, 428C, 436C and 438C Backhoe Loaders Axles, Differential and
Brakes/ Differential Lock - Adjust
Differential Lock - Adjust
Use the following procedure to adjust the differential lock linkage and pedal height.

Differential Lock Linkage(1) Floorplate. (2) Nut. (3) Pedal. (4) Rod. (5) Rod. (6) Nut. (A)
Rod clearance.
1.

Loosen nut (6) .

2.

Adjust rod (5) until the distance (A) between the floorplate (1) and the rod (4) is 10 1 mm (0.4 0.04 inch).

3.

Tighten nut (6) to 20 5 Nm (15 5 lb ft).

4.

Loosen nut (2) .

5.

Adjust pedal (3) to the desired height.

6.

Tighten nut (2) to 55 5 Nm (40 4 lb ft).

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416C, 426C, 428C, 436C and 438C Backhoe Loaders Axles, Differential and BrakesDrive and Steering Axle (Front) - Adjust
Drive and Steering Axle (Front) - Adjust

Adjustment Procedure For The Toe-In

The Front Drive and Steering Axle(1) Locknut. (2) Tie rod locknut. (3) Adjustment rod. (4)
Tie rod joint. (5) Cylinder rod. (A) Distance from the cylinder rod end to the face of the
cylinder head. (B) Distance in front of the axle from the axle centerline to the wheel. (C)
Distance behind the axle from the axle centerline to the wheel.
1.

Raise the front wheels slightly off the ground.

2.

Install sufficient blocking under the frame and lower the machine to the blocking.

3.

Tighten the tie rod joint (4) to 300 Nm (221 lb ft).

4.

Tighten the locknut (1) to 165 Nm (122 lb ft).

5.

Position the cylinder rod (5) until dimension (A) is equal on both sides.

6.

Loosen the tie rod locknut (2) .

7.

Adjust the adjustment rod (3) until dimension (B) is less then dimension (C) by 0.0 to 2.0 mm ( 0.0 to 0.08 inch).

8.

Tighten the tie rod locknut (2) .

9.

Perform steps 3 through 8 for the opposite side.

10.

Remove the blocking and lower the machine to the ground.

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416C, 426C, 428C, 436C and 438C Backhoe Loaders Axles, Differential and
Brakes/ Brake System Air - Purge
Brake System Air - Purge

Purge Procedure For Two-Wheel Steer

Personal injury or death can result if two persons


are not used in the following procedure.

Escaping fluid under pressure, even a pinhole size


leak, can penetrate body tissue, causing serious
injury, and possible death. If fluid is injected into
your skin, it must be treated immediately by a
doctor familiar with this type of injury.Always use
a board or cardboard when checking for a leak.

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are
contained during performance of inspection,
maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair of the
machine. Be prepared to collect the fluid with
suitable containers before opening any
compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.
Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500,
"Caterpillar Tools and Shop Products Guide", for
tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids in Caterpillar machines.Dispose of all fluids

according to local regulations and mandates.

Rear Axle(1) Left air purge screw. (2) Right air purge screw.
1.
Fill the brake fluid reservoir with oil. Add oil to the brake reservoir during the purge procedure in order to maintain the proper level.
Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6873, "Recommended Oils" and Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6873, "Refill
Capacities".
2.
Fasten one end of a transparent tube that is 6.4 mm (.25 inch) in diameter to the left air purge screw (1). Put the other end of the
tube into a suitable container for collecting the hydraulic oil.

Brake Pedals(4) Left brake pedal. (5) Right brake pedal. (6) Lock bar.
3.

Unlock the lock bar (6) .

4.
Depress the right brake pedal (5) and release the right brake pedal. Depress the left brake pedal (4) and release the left brake
pedal. This process is called stroking. Continue this process until pressure in the brake system is obtained.
5.

Depress both brake pedals and hold both brake pedals.

6.
Loosen the left air purge screw (1). Continue depressing the left brake pedal (4) while you hold the right brake pedal (5). As the
hydraulic oil flows through the tube, look for air bubbles in the oil. Before the left brake pedal (4) reaches full travel, tighten the left air purge
screw (1) .
7.

Repeat steps 4 through 6 until there are no air bubbles for five strokes.

8.

Repeat steps 4 through 7.

9.

Remove the transparent tube from the left air purge screw (1) .

10.
Fasten one end of the transparent tube to the right air purge screw (2). The other end of the tube remains in the suitable container
for collecting the hydraulic fluid.
11.
obtained.

Stroke the left brake pedal (4) and stroke the right brake pedal (5). Continue this process until pressure in the brake system is

12.

Depress both brake pedals and hold both brake pedals.

13.
Loosen the right air purge screw (2). Continue depressing the right brake pedal (5) while you hold the left brake pedal (4). As the
hydraulic oil flows through the tube, look for air bubbles in the oil. Before the right brake pedal (5) reaches full travel, tighten the right air purge
screw (2) .
14.

Repeat steps 11 through 13 until there are no air bubbles for five strokes.

15.

Repeat steps 11 through 14.

16.

Remove the tube from the air purge screw.

17.

Inspect the brake system for leaks.

18.

Fill the brake reservoir with oil.

19.

Lock the lock bar (6) .

20.

Perform the braking system test. Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6873, "Braking System - Test".

Note: If the brake pedal is spongy during the first hours of operation, perform this procedure again.

Purge Procedure for All Wheel Steer

Personal injury or death can result if two persons


are not used in the following procedure.

Escaping fluid under pressure, even a pinhole size


leak, can penetrate body tissue, causing serious
injury, and possible death. If fluid is injected into
your skin, it must be treated immediately by a
doctor familiar with this type of injury.Always use
a board or cardboard when checking for a leak.

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are
contained during performance of inspection,
maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair of the
machine. Be prepared to collect the fluid with
suitable containers before opening any
compartment or disassembling any component

containing fluids.
Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500,
"Caterpillar Tools and Shop Products Guide", for
tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids in Caterpillar machines.Dispose of all fluids
according to local regulations and mandates.

Front View of the Rear Axle(1) Right air purge screw. (2) Left air purge screw.
1.
Fill the hydraulic tank with oil. Add oil to the hydraulic tank during the purge procedure in order to maintain the proper level. Refer to
Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6873, "Recommended Oils" and Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6873, "Refill
Capacities".
2.
Fasten one end of a transparent tube that is 6.4 mm (.25 inch) in diameter to the right air purge screw (1). Put the other end of the
tube into a suitable container for collecting the hydraulic oil.

(3) Brake pedal.


3.
Depress the brake pedal (3) and release the brake pedal. This process is called stroking. Continue this process until pressure in
the brake system is obtained.
4.

Depress the brake pedal and hold the brake pedal.

5.
Loosen the right air purge screw (1). Continue depressing the brake pedal (3). As the hydraulic oil flows through the tube, look for
air bubbles in the oil. Before the brake pedal (3) reaches full travel, tighten the right air purge screw (1) .
6.

Repeat steps 3 through 5 until there are no air bubbles for five strokes.

7.

Repeat steps 3 through 6.

8.
Fasten one end of the transparent tube to the left air purge screw (2). The other end of the tube remains in the suitable container
for collecting the hydraulic fluid.
9.

Stroke the brake pedal (3). Continue this process until pressure in the brake system is obtained.

10.

Depress the brake pedal and hold the brake pedal.

11.
Loosen the left air purge screw (2). Continue depressing the brake pedal (3). As the hydraulic oil flows through the tube, look for air
bubbles in the oil. Before the brake pedal (3) reaches full travel, tighten the left air purge screw (2) .
12.

Repeat steps 9 through 11 until there are no air bubbles for five strokes.

13.

Repeat steps 9 through 12.

14.

Remove the tube from the air purge screw.

15.

Inspect the brake system for leaks.

16.

Fill the hydraulic tank.

17.

Perform the braking system test. Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6873, "Braking System - Test".

Note: If the brake pedal is spongy during the first hours of operation, perform this procedure again.

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416C, 426C, 428C, 436C and 438C Backhoe Loaders Axles, Differential and
Brakes/ Axle (Front) - Adjust
Axle (Front) - Adjust

Adjustment Procedure For The Wheel Bearings

Front Spindle and Wheel(1) Cap. (2) Cotter. (3) Nut.

1.

Raise the front wheel slightly off the ground.

2.

Install sufficient blocking under the frame and lower the machine to the blocking.

3.

Remove the cap (1) .

4.

Remove the cotter (2) .

5.

Loosen the nut (3) .

6.

Tighten the nut (3) to 75 Nm (55 lb ft).

7.

Turn the nut (3) counterclockwise to the nearest locking hole. Install the cotter (2) in the locking hole.

8.

Install the cap (1) .

9.

Remove the blocking and lower the machine to the ground.

10.

Repeat steps 1 through 9 for the opposite wheel.

Adjustment Procedure For The Toe-In

Front Axle(1) Adjustment rod. (2) Wrench flats. (3) Cylinder rod. (4) Locknut. (5) Tie rod
locknut. (6) Tie rod joint. (A) Distance from the cylinder rod end to the face of the cylinder
head. (B) Distance in front of the axle from the trunnion to the wheel. (C) Distance behind
the axle from the trunnion to the wheel.
1.

Raise the front wheel slightly off the ground.

2.

Install sufficient blocking under the frame and lower the machine to the blocking.

3.

Tighten the tie rod joint (6) to 600 90 Nm (443 66 lb ft).


Note: 9S-3263 Thread Lock Compound can be applied to the tie rod joint (6). Tighten the tie rod joint (6) with 9S-3263 Thread Lock
Compound to 250 40 Nm (184 30 lb ft).

4.

Tighten the locknut (4) to 190 Nm (140 lb ft).

5.

Position the cylinder rod (3) until dimension (A) is equal on both sides.

6.

Loosen the tie rod locknut (5) .

7.

Use the wrench flats (2) to adjust the adjustment rod (1) until dimension (B) is less then dimension (C) by 3 mm (0.12 inch).

8.

Tighten the tie rod locknut (5) .

9.

Perform steps 3 through 8 for the opposite side.

10.

Remove the blocking and lower the machine to the ground.

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416C, 426C, 428C, 436C and 438C Backhoe Loaders Axles, Differential and
Brakes/ Axle, Differential and Brake Troubleshooting
Axle, Differential and Brake Troubleshooting

Personal injury or death can result from sudden


machine movement.
Sudden movement of the machine can cause injury
to persons on or near the machine.To prevent
injury or death, make sure that the area around
the machine is clear of personnel and obstructions

before operating the machine.

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are
contained during performance of inspection,
maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair of the
machine. Be prepared to collect the fluid with
suitable containers before opening any
compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.
Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500,
"Caterpillar Tools and Shop Products Guide", for
tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids in Caterpillar machines.Dispose of all fluids
according to local regulations and mandates.

This section provides probable causes to known problems. Perform a visual


inspection of the machine. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Visual Inspection".
Operational Checks

Operate the machine in each direction and in all speeds. Note the noises that are
not normal and find the sources of the noises. If the machine is not operating
correctly, refer to "Troubleshooting Problem List".
Troubleshooting Problem List

Problem List For The Service Brake


1.

The service brakes do not operate.

2.

The service brakes slip.

3.

The service brakes are not applied evenly.

4.

Too much force needed to push the brake pedal.

Problem List For The Parking Brake


1.

The parking brake does not hold the machine stationary.

2.
The parking brake does not engage when the parking brake control lever is
actuated.
3.
The engine is running and the parking brake is engaged. However, the
parking brake alarm does not sound when the transmission is put into the
FORWARD direction or into the REVERSE direction.
Problem List For The Axles and Differential
1.

There is constant noise in the differential.

2.

Noise occurs in the differential at different intervals.

3.

Noise only occurs during turns.

4.

Lubricant is leaking.

5.

The drive wheels do not turn but the universal joint turns.

Problem List For All Wheel Steer


Note: Refer to Testing and Adjusting, SENR1272, "Hydraulic and Steering
Systems" for information on troubleshooting, testing and adjusting the hydraulic
system of the All Wheel Steer. Refer to Systems Operation, SENR1208,
"Hydraulic and Steering Systems" for information on the systems operation of
the All Wheel Steer.
1.
In the Two-Wheel Steer mode, the rear axle drifts excessively. Maximum
allowable drift is 2.0 mm (0.08 inch) within 60 minutes.
2.
The machine does not travel in a straight line and the rear axle position
gauge is centered.
Troubleshooting Probable Causes

Probable Causes To Problems Of The Service Brake


Problem 1
The service brakes do not operate.
Probable causes

1.

The brake group within the axle housing is damaged.

2.
The lines to the service brakes are obstructed.
Problem 2
The service brakes slip.
Probable causes
1.

Incorrect additives added to the oil in the axle.

2.
The brake discs in the axle housing are worn.
Problem 3
The service brakes are not applied evenly.
Probable causes
1.
The brake discs and associated components in the axle housing are
excessively worn.
2.

The service brake valve is sticking because of contaminated oil.

3.
The service brake valve is not delivering the correct amount of pressure.
Problem 4
Too much force needed to push the brake pedal.
Probable causes
1.

The brake pedals and/or brake pedal linkages are damaged.

2.

The service brake valve is sticking because of contaminated oil.

Probable Causes To The Problems Of The Parking Brake


Problem 1
The parking brake does not hold the machine stationary.
Probable causes
1.

The parking brake is out of adjustment.

2.

The brake linings are too worn.

3.

There is grease or oil on the brake disc and/or on the brake lining.

Problem 2
The parking brake does not engage when the parking brake control lever is
actuated.
Probable causes
1.

The parking brake cable is disconnected.

2.
The parking brake cable has stretched until the cable will not actuate the
parking brake.
3.
The parking brake is out of adjustment.
Problem 3
The engine is running and the parking brake is engaged. However, the parking
brake alarm does not sound when the transmission is put into the FORWARD
direction or into the REVERSE direction.
Probable causes
1.

The parking brake alarm has failed.

2.

There is a problem in the electrical circuit.

Probable Causes to the problems of the Axles and the Differential


Problem 1
There is constant noise in the differential.
Probable causes
1.

The level of lubricant is incorrectly high or low.

2.

The wrong type of lubricant is being used.

3.

Wheel bearings are damaged or improperly adjusted.

4.

The ring gear and the pinion do not have correct tooth contact.

5.

The ring gear and the pinion are damaged or worn.

6.
There is too much pinion to gear backlash or too little pinion to gear
backlash.

7.

Pinion bearings are loose or worn.

8.
Side bearings are loose or worn.
Problem 2
Noise occurs in the differential at different intervals.
Probable causes
1.
Ring gear does not run evenly because the bolts on the ring gear are not
tight or the ring gear is warped.
2.
Differential bearings are loose or broken.
Problem 3
Noise only occurs during turns.
Probable causes
1.

Differential pinion gears are too tight.

2.

Side gears are too tight in the differential case.

3.

Differential pinion gears or side gears are faulty.

4.

Thrust washers are damaged or worn.

5.
There is too much backlash between the side gears and the pinion gears.
Problem 4
Lubricant is leaking.
Probable causes
1.
Loss of lubricant through the axle shafts can be caused by any of the
following conditions:
a.

Lubricant is above the proper level.

a.

The wrong type of lubricant is being used.

a.

The oil seal on the axle shaft is worn or installed incorrectly.

2.
Loss of lubricant at the pinion shaft can be caused by the following
conditions:

a.

Lubricant is above the proper level.

a.

The wrong type of lubricant is being used.

a.
An oil seal on the pinion shaft is worn or installed incorrectly.
Problem 5
The drive wheels do not turn but the universal joint turns.
Probable causes
1.

An axle shaft is broken.

2.

Ring gear teeth are damaged.

3.

The side gear or the differential pinion is broken.

Probable Causes of All Wheel Steer Problems


Problem 1
In the Two-Wheel Steer mode, the rear axle drifts excessively. Maximum
allowable drift is 2.0 mm (0.08 inch) within 60 minutes.
Probable cause
1.
The seals in the cylinders are leaking.
Problem 2
The machine does not travel in a straight line and the rear axle position gauge is
centered.
Probable causes
1.

The sensor for the rear axle position is out of adjustment.

2.

The selector switch for the All Wheel Steer is malfunctioning.

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416C, 426C, 428C, 436C and 438C Backhoe Loaders Axles, Differential and
Brakes/ Visual Inspection
Visual Inspection

Personal injury or death can result from escaping


fluid under pressure.
Escaping fluid under pressure, even a very small
pin-hole size leak, can penetrate body tissue and
cause serious injury and possible death. If fluid is
injected into your skin, it must be treated by a
doctor familiar with this type of injury.Always use
a board or cardboard when checking for a leak.

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are
contained during performance of inspection,
maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair of the
machine. Be prepared to collect the fluid with
suitable containers before opening any
compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.
Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500,
"Caterpillar Tools and Shop Products Guide", for
tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids in Caterpillar machines.Dispose of all fluids
according to local regulations and mandates.
Perform visual checks first when you are troubleshooting a problem. Before you make these checks, stop the engine and engage the parking
brake. Shift the direction control lever to the NEUTRAL position.
1.
Check".

Check the oil level in the rear differential. Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6873, "Differential Oil Level (Rear) -

2.
If the machine is equipped with All Wheel Drive, check the oil in the front differential. Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual,
SEBU6873, "Differential Oil Level (Front) - Check".

3.
Check".

Check the oil level in the rear final drives. Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6873, "Final Drive Oil Level (Rear) -

4.
If the machine is equipped with All Wheel Drive, check the oil in the front final drives. Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual,
SEBU6873, "Final Drive Oil Level (Front) - Check".
5.
Check".

Check the oil level in the brake reservoir. Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6873, "Brake Reservoir Oil Level -

6.
If the machine is equipped with All Wheel Steer, check the oil level in the hydraulic oil tank. Refer to Operation and Maintenance
Manual, SEBU6873, "Hydraulic System Oil Level - Check".
7.
Check the oil level for the axle oscillation bearings. Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6873, "Axle Oscillation
Bearing Oil Level - Check".
8.

Inspect the rear drive shaft for damage.

9.

If the machine is equipped with All Wheel Drive, inspect the front drive shaft for damage.

10.

If the machine is equipped with All Wheel Drive, inspect the universal joints in the front axle for damage.

11.

If the machine is equipped with All Wheel Steer, inspect the universal joints in the rear axle for damage.

12.

Check all oil lines and all connections for damage and for leaks.

13.

Inspect all of the control linkages for damage.

Posted by MANOLO at 17:43 No comments:


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416C, 426C, 428C, 436C and 438C Backhoe Loaders Axles, Differential and
Brakes/ General Information
General Information

Refer to the following warnings for all inspections and tests of the axles, differential, and brakes. If the source of the problem is not determined,
perform the inspections and tests. Perform the inspections and tests in sequential order.
When you are analyzing a hydraulic system for poor performance, remember that correct oil flow and correct oil pressure are necessary for
correct operation.

Sudden movement of the machine or release of oil


under pressure can cause injury to persons on or
near the machine.To prevent possible injury,

perform the procedure that follows before testing


and adjusting the power train.

Sudden movement of the machine or release of oil


under pressure can cause injury to persons on or
near the machine.To prevent possible injury,
perform the procedure that follows before testing
and adjusting the brake system.

Personal injury can result from hydraulic oil


pressure and hot oil.
Hydraulic oil pressure can remain in the hydraulic
system after the engine has been stopped. Serious
injury can be caused if this pressure is not released
before any service is done on the hydraulic
system.Make sure all of the attachments have been
lowered, oil is cool before removing any
components or lines. Remove the oil filler cap only
when the engine is stopped, and the filler cap is
cool enough to touch with your bare hand.

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are
contained during performance of inspection,
maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair of the
machine. Be prepared to collect the fluid with
suitable containers before opening any
compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.
Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500,
"Caterpillar Tools and Shop Products Guide", for
tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids in Caterpillar machines.Dispose of all fluids
according to local regulations and mandates.
1.

Move the machine to a smooth, horizontal location that is away from operating machines and away from personnel.
Note: Permit only one operator on the machine. Keep all other personnel away from the machine or in the operator's sight.

2.

Place the transmission control lever to the NEUTRAL position.

3.

Engage the parking brake.

4.

Lower the bucket or the attachments to the ground.

5.

Stop the engine.

6.
Move the control levers through the full range of travel. This will relieve any pressure that may be present in the implement
hydraulic system.
7.

Depress the brake pedal repeatedly. This will relieve any pressure that may be present in the brake hydraulic system.

8.

Place wheel blocks in front of the wheels and behind the wheels.

9.

Slowly loosen the hydraulic tank filler cap in order to release the pressure.

10.

Tighten the hydraulic tank filler cap.

Troubleshooting can be complex. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Axle Troubleshooting", Testing and Adjusting, "Differential Troubleshooting"
and Testing and Adjusting, "Braking SystemTroubleshooting" for a list of possible problems and corrections.
This list of possible problems and possible corrections will only provide an indication of the location of a problem and the repairs that are
required. Remember that a problem is not necessarily caused by one part, but by the relation of one part with other parts. This list can not
provide all possible problems and corrections. Service personnel must find the problem and the source of the problem. Then, complete the
necessary repairs.

Systems Operation 416F, 420F and 430F Backhoe Loaders Hydraulic and Steering
System/ Bank Valve (Backhoe) - Pilot Operated

Bank Valve (Backhoe) - Pilot Operated

Backhoe control valve with six valve banks


(1) Inlet Manifold
(2) Stabilizer Control Valve
(4) Stick Control Valve
(5) Bucket Control Valve
(6) Swing Control Valve
(7) Boom Control Valve
(8) Stabilizer Control Valve
(9) Outlet Manifold
(LS) Load sense port
(S) Pump supply port(T) Tank (Return) port

Backhoe control valve with seven valve banks


(1) Inlet Manifold
(2) Stabilizer Control Valve
(3) Extendable Stick Control Valve
(4) Stick Control Valve
(5) Bucket Control Valve
(6) Swing Control Valve

(7) Boom Control Valve


(8) Stabilizer Control Valve
(9) Outlet Manifold
(LS) Load sense port
(S) Pump supply port(T) Tank (Return) port

Backhoe control valve with eight valve banks


(1) Inlet Manifold
(2) Stabilizer Control Valve
(3) Extendable Stick Control Valve
(4) Stick Control Valve
(5) Bucket Control Valve
(6) Swing Control Valve
(7) Boom Control Valve
(8) Stabilizer Control Valve
(9) Outlet Manifold
(10) Auxiliary control valve
(LS) Load sense port
(S) Pump supply port(T) Tank (Return) port

The backhoe valve group consists of either six, seven, or eight control valves. All
the valves except the stabilizer valves are Proportional Priority Pressure
Compensation (PPPC). The machines can be configured with a seventh valve for
the E-stick and an eighth valve for the auxiliary function.
The pressure compensator in each control circuit creates a load sense (LS) signal
pressure. Supply oil in the individual control valve is diverted into a signal line
within the control valve. The highest LS signal is sensed at all of the pressure
compensators in the backhoe group. This LS pressure is also sensed at the pump
control valve.
Note: The stabilizer control valves are typically operated independently of all
other control circuits. For this reason, there is no need for the stabilizer control
valves to be PPPC. The pump control valve will provide pressure compensation
for the stabilizer control valves when operating the stabilizers.
The ports for the valves face the rear of the machine.
The bank valves (backhoe control) are located below the floorplate at the rear of
the operator station. The valves are mounted on the rear frame.
All the control valves except the e-stick and auxiliary valves are connected to the
joysticks with pilot lines. The e-stick and auxiliary are electro-hydraulic
controlled. All sections of the control valve are the type that has a closed centered
position.
Posted by MANOLO at 19:30
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