Você está na página 1de 8

Muscle Acting On Hip Joint

The range of movement of hip joint are divided into 6 movements. There are
differents of muscles that acting on the each of movement. The movements are
as the following:
Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
Lateral rotation
Medial rotation

Flexion
Flexion is a bending movement around the hip joint that decreases the angle
between the bones of the lower limb at the hip joint.

Muscle
Iliopsoas: Iliacus and
Psoas Major

Sartorius

Recturs femoris
Tensor fascia latae
Pectineus

Origin
Iliacus: Illium
Psoas major: Lumbar
vertebrae and sacrum

Insertion
Lesser trochanter of the
femur and just below

Anterior superior iliac spine

Anterior-medial aspect of
the tibia

Anterior inferior iliac spine


(ilium)

Patella, patellar tendon,


tibial tuberosity

Iliac crest (Illium)

Iliotibial tract

Pubis (superior ramus)

Posterior femur

Extension
Extension is a movement around a joint in a limb that increase the angle between
the bones of the limb at the joint

Muscle
Gluteus maximus
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus

Biceps femoris

Origin
Posterior illium, sacrum, and
coccyx
Ischial tuberosity

Ischial tuberosity

Ischial tuberosity
Femur (linea aspera)

Insertion
Femur, iliotibial band
Anterior/medial aspect of
tibia
Posterior/medial aspect of
tibia
Lateral condyle of tibia and
head of fibula

Abduction
Abduction is a movement of a body part away from the median plane

Muscle
Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
Tensor fascia latae

Origin
Lateral surface of ilium

Insertion
Greater trochanter of femur

Lateral surface of ilium

Greater trochanter of femur

Iliac crest (Illium)

Iliotibial tract

Adduction
Adduction is a movement of a body part toward the median plane

Muscle
Aductor magnus
Adductor longus
Adductor brevis
Gracilis
Pectineus

Origin
Pubis and ishium
Anterior aspect of Pubis
Pubis (inferior ramus)

Insertion
Linea aspera of the femur
Linea aspera of femur
Linea aspera of the femur

Pubis (inferior ramus)

Anterior/medial of thigh

Pubis (superior ramus)

Posterior femur

Lateral Rotation
Lateral rotation is turning outwardly or away from the midline of the body

Muscle
Iliopsoas: Iliacus and
Psoas Major

Sartorius

Gluteus maximus

Biceps femoris
Gluteus medius
Aductor magnus
Adductor brevis

Medial Rotation

Origin
Iliacus: Illium
Psoas major: Lumbar
vertebrae and sacrum

Insertion
Lesser trochanter of the
femur and just below

Anterior superior iliac spine

Anterior-medial aspect of
the tibia

Posterior illium, sacrum, and


coccyx

Femur, iliotibial band

Ischial tuberosity
Femur (linea aspera)

Lateral surface of ilium


Pubis and ishium
Pubis (inferior ramus)

Lateral condyle of tibia and


head of fibula
Greater trochanter of femur
Linea aspera of the femur
Linea aspera of the femur

Medial rotation is turning of the lower limb about its axis of rotation toward
the midline of the body.

Muscle
Semitendinosus

Origin
Ischial tuberosity

Semimembranosus

Ischial tuberosity

Gluteus medius

Lateral surface of ilium

Gluteus minimus
Gracilis
Pectineus

Insertion
Anterior/medial aspect of
tibia
Posterior/medial aspect of
tibia
Greater trochanter of femur

Lateral surface of ilium

Greater trochanter of femur

Pubis (inferior ramus)

Anterior/medial of thigh

Pubis (superior ramus)

Posterior femur

Here the summary of muscles that acting on the hip joint.


Action

Flexion

Extension

Abduction

Adduction

Lateral rotation

Medial rotation

Muscle
Iliopsoas
Sartorius
Rectus femoris
Tensor fasciae latae
Pectinius
Gluteus maximus
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosis
Biceps femoris
Tensor fascia latae
Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
Adductor magnus
Adductor longus
Adductor brevis
Gracilis
Pectineus
Iliopsoas
Sartorius
Gluteus maximus
Biceps femoris
Gluteus medius
Adductor magnus
Adductor brevis
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus
Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
Gracilis
Pectinius