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FUNDAO COMUNITRIA DE ENSINO SUPERIOR DE ITABIRA - FUNCESI

FACULDADE DE CINCIAS ADMINISTRATIVAS E CONTBEIS DE ITABIRA - FACCI

Elberto Vital do Carmo

LISTA 1 MATRIZES E SISTEMAS LINEARES


LISTA 2 INVERSO DE MATRIZES E DETERMINANTES

Disciplina: Geometria Analtica e lgebra Linear


Curso: Engenharia de Produo
Turma: 1 Perodo - A
Professora: Dora Lage

ITABIRA-MG
2014
LISTA 1 MATRIZES E SISTEMAS LINEARES

1 - Uma indstria vai fabricar tecidos com fios diferentes. Na matriz a seguir

aij

representa

quantos rolos de fio j, sero empregados para fabricar uma pea de tecido i.

( )

5 0 2
A= 0 1 3
4 2 1

a) Quantos rolos de fio 3 sero empregados para produzir o tecido tipo 2?


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b) Quantos rolos de fio 1 sero empregados para fabricar 5 peas do tecido tipo 1; 4 peas do
tipo 2; e 2 peas do tipo 3?
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( )

1 3
A= 2 4
3 0

2 - Dadas as matrizes

ento
a)

( At B)

(12

3 5
6 0

B= 0 1 2
1 2 0

se

a matriz transposta de A,

b)

( 14

1 1
2 0

c)

( )
1 4
1 2
1 0

d)

(12

3 5
6 0

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3 - A matriz
a)

A=aij , de segunda ordem, definida por aij =2 i j . Ento

(03 30)

b)

(03 30 )

c)

(30 30)

d)

(20 20)

A A

e)

(02 20 )

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4 - Resolva a equao matricial:

)( ) ( )

1 4 7 x
2
2 3 6 y=2
5 1 1 z
8

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5 - Sejam as matrizes

A= 1 2
3 1

()

B= x
y

( )

C= 2
1

. A igualdade

A B=C

verdadeira se:
a)

x+ y=2

b)

x=2 y

c)

xy=0

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d)

y=2 x

e)

yx=2

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6 - So dadas as matrizes

6
A= 18 4
11 15 2

B= 11 24 36
18 1 9

C= 31 15 1
10 14 2

Calcule:
a)

3 A +5 B8 C

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b)

4 A t5 C t +8 Bt

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7 - Calcule:
2 5 8 1 3 4
3 2 4 6 5 10
a)
9 2 7 2 5 1

)(

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b)

( )(

3 4
3 6 9
5 7
4 6 8
9 2

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8 - Um empresrio oferece mensalmente alimentos a dois orfanatos. Para o 1 orfanato so


doados 25 kg de arroz, 20 kg de feijo, 30 kg de carne e 32 kg de batata. Para o 2 orfanato
so doados 28 kg de arroz, 24 kg de feijo, 35 kg de carne e 38 kg de batata. O empresrio fez
a cotao de preos em dois supermercados. Veja a cotao atual, em reais:
Produto (1kg)
Arroz
Feijo
Carne
Batata

Supermercado 1 (R$)
2,80
1,50
6,20
0,80

Supermercado 2 (R$)
2,85
1,20
6,50
0,60

Determine o gasto mensal desse empresrio, por orfanato, supondo que todos os produtos
sejam adquiridos no mesmo estabelecimento e que este represente a melhor opo de
compra.

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9 - Dois tipos de metais A e B, com preos de R$ 30,00 e R$ 24,00 o quilo, respectivamente, foram
misturados, perfazendo um total de 1500 kg. Para no ter prejuzo e nem dar prejuzo aos
fregueses, o comerciante vendeu o quilo da mistura a R$ 26,20. Determine as quantidades do
metal em quilos, dos tipos A e B que foram misturados.
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10 -

Uma empresa deve enlatar uma mistura de amendoim, castanha de caju e castanha do

Par. Sabe-se que o quilo de amendoim, custa R$ 5,00, o quilo da castanha de caju, R$ 20,00
e o quilo de castanha do Par, R$ 16,00. Cada lata deve conter meio quilo da mistura e o custo
total dos ingredientes de cada lata deve ser R$ 5,75. Alm disso, a quantidade de castanha de
caju em cada lata deve ser igual a um tero da soma das outras duas.
a) Escreva o sistema linear que representa a situao descrita acima.
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b) Resolva o referido sistema, determinando as quantidades de ingredientes, em gramas, de
cada ingrediente por lata.
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11 -

Resolva o sistema

x + y + z=6
2 x + y + z=7 , pelo mtodo de Gauss-Jordan.
x +2 y + z=8

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12 -

Considere o sistema

x +3 y +13 z=9
y +5 z=2
, pelo mtodo de Gauss-Jordan.
2 y10 z=8

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13 -

Resolva o sistema linear cuja matriz aumentada :

[ ]
12318
13017
10213

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LISTA 2 INVERSO DE MATRIZES E DETERMINANTES

1 - Se possvel, encontre a inversa da matriz

[ ]

A= 1 2
3 5

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2 - Se possvel, encontre a inversa da matriz

[ ]

1 2 2
A= 1 3 1
1 3 2

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3 - Dadas as matrizes

[ ]

1 3
A= 2 4
3 0

B=

0 1 2
1 2 0

, calcule o determinante ( A B .

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4 - Dada a matriz

B=( bij)3 3

tal que

bij= i j sei= j , o valor do determinante de B igual


i+ j s e i j

a:
a) 0
b) 60
c) 120
d) 30
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5 - O valor de h para que o sistema

2 x y +3 z=0
x +2 yz=0
3 x+ hy6=0

tenha a soluo no nula :

a) 5
b) 6
c) 7
d) 8
e) 9
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6 - Calcule os seguintes determinantes aplicando o teorema de Laplace:


1 3 2 1
0 4 0 3
a)
21 3 1
0 5 4 2

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b)

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2 3 1 2
0 4 3 5
12 1 3
04 1 0

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7 - Calcule os seguintes determinantes:


1 2 1 0
3 1 2 1
a)
0 4 3 1
2 3 0 4

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b)

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1 3 2 1
5 30 4
2 1 1 2
2 6 4 2

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