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Job: to design a beam to column flange simple connection with ordinary bolts to a given shear force

Ved.
The column will be HEA and the beam an IPE section, with a specific steel quality for each student,
according to attached list. The joint configuration can be seen in the figure below.
Required to calculate:
Number of bolts and bolt arrangement in the connection
Joint shear resistance according to EN 1993 1 8
Joint tying resistance according to EN 1993 1 8
Joint data:
Steel S275
Beam IPE 450
Column HEA 340
Plate 12mm
VEd=550kN
Column HEA340, S275
Depth

h c := 330mm

Width

b c := 300mm

Thickness of the web

twc := 9.5mm

Thickness of the flange

tfc := 16.5mm

Fillet radius

r := 27mm

Area

Ac := 133.5mm

Beam IPE450, S275


Depth

h b := 450mm

Width

b b := 190mm

Thickness of the web

twb := 9.4mm

Thickness of the flange

tfb1 := 14.6mm

Fillet radius

rb := 21mm

Area

Ab := 98.8mm

Plate S275
Thickness

tp := 12mm

fy := 275

Yield s trength

N
2

mm
Ultimate tensile strength

fu := 430

N
2

mm
Bolts M20 8.8

Tensile stress area

As := 245mm

Diameter of the shank

d := 20mm

Diameter of the holes

d o := 22mm

Yield s trength

fyb := 640

N
2

mm
Ultimate tensile strength

fub := 800

N
2

mm
v := 0.6
Partial safety factors
M2 := 1.25

(for shear resistance at ULS)

Mu := 1.1

(for tying resistance at ULS)

M0 := 1
Design shear force
VEd := 550kN
Weld design(S275)
a := 0.48 twb = 4.512 mm
Choose as a=5mm welding.
Number of bolts
As
FvRd := v fub
= 94.08 kN
M2
n :=

VEd
FvRd

= 5.846

I choose n := 6 bolts(3 on 2 plates).

Joint shear resistance


Shear resistance of the plates

VRd1 := n FvRd = 564.48 kN


VRd1 > VEd
Plates design
The plate height
h p := hb 2 60mm = 330 mm
From Eurocode 1993-1-8:
Minimum
e1 := 1.2 d o = 26.4 mm
e2 := 1.2 d o = 26.4 mm
Maximum
e1 := 4 tp + 40mm = 88 mm
e2 := 4tp + 40mm = 88 mm
Choose e1 := 70mm., e2 := 50mm
p1 := -e1-e1=190mm
2.2d o = 48.4 mm
So,h
p

p2 := 2.4d o = 52.8 mm
So i divide equally the transversal distance between bolts:
190
p1 :=
mm = 95 mm.
2
The plate base will have the dimension:
b p := e2 + e2 = 100 mm
tp := 12mm
We will have two plates 330x100x12 with 3 bolts on each.
Column's flange in shear
3

Av := 0.9 h p tfc = 4.901 10 mm


VRd7 := Av

fy

the shear area

= 778.059 kN

M0 3

Bearing resistance of a single bolt


Vertical bearing resistance of a single bolt
fub
e1
p1
1
= 1.061
= 1.189
= 1.86
3do
3 do
4
fu

b is the minimum of the above 3 relations and 1:


b := 1.061
2.8

e2
do

1.7 = 4.664

k 1 is the minimum between above relation and 2.5


k1 := 2.5

FbRdv :=

k1 b fu d tp
M2

= 218.99 kN

Horizontal bearing resistance of a single bolt

e2

3do

= 0.758

fub
fu

= 1.86

b is the minimum of the above 3 relations and 1:


b := 0.758
2.8

1.4

e1
do
p1
do

1.7 = 7.209

1.7 = 4.345

k 1 is the minimum between above relations and 2.5


k1 := 2.5
FbRdh :=

k1 b fu d tp
M2

= 156.451 kN

The bearing resistance will be the minimum from horizontal and vertical bearing resistance:
FbRdh := 156.451kN
Bearing resistance of the plates
VRd2 := 6 FbRdh = 938.706 kN
Bearing resistance of the column's flange
1 bolt:
k1 := 2.5
b := 0.758
FbRdf :=

(minimum from above relations)

k1 b fu d tfc
M2

= 215.12 kN

6 bolts:
3

VRd8 := 6 FbRdf = 1.291 10 kN


Joint tying resistance
As
FvRdu := v fub
= 106.909 kN
Mu
NRdu1 := n FvRdu = 641.455 kN
Design load

VEd = 550 kN
VRd1 = 564.48 kN
Shear resistance of the plate
VRd7 = 778.059 kN
Shear resistance of the column's flange

VRd2 = 938.706 kN
3
VRd8 = 1.291 10 kN
Bearing resistance of column's flange
NRdu1 = 641.455 kN
Joint tying resistance
Bearing resistance of the plates