PERFORMANCE STANDARDS

Gilly Griffin, PhD
Director of Standards
ILAR
April 20-21, 2015
www.ccac.ca

Canadian Council on Animal Care

Responsible for overseeing the ethics of animal
experimentation in Canada

Established 1968

Non-legislated, peer review system

Acts on behalf of the people of Canada

CCAC Program
Sets and Maintains Standards

STANDARDS

ASSESSMENT &
CERTIFICATION

CCAC Standards

Policy statements

Guidelines
 Developed by expert

subcommittees
 Overseen by Standards
Committee

Guidelines Development Process

PRELIMINARY
DRAFT

STANDARDS
COMMITTEE
APPROVAL

STANDARDS
COMMITTEE
APPROVAL

FIRST
DRAFT

SECOND
DRAFT

STANDARDS
COMMITTEE
APPROVAL

FINAL
DRAFT

APPROVAL
BY BOARD OF
DIRECTORS
PUBLICATION

EXPERT PEER
REVIEW

WIDESPREAD
REVIEW

FINAL
REVIEW

CCAC Guidelines

Written for:
 investigators
 animal care

committee members
 veterinary and
animal care staff
 assessment panels

Implementation

‘Must’ is used for mandatory requirements

‘Should’ is used to indicate an obligation, for
which any exceptions must be justified to,
and approved by, an ACC

Implementation

Iterative

GUIDELINE

GOOD
PRACTICE

BEST
PRACTICE

Assessment of Performance Standards

CCAC assessment panels

Assessments are formative
 Recommendations based on CCAC standards

Relies on experience and range of expertise
on the panel

Performance Approach

Has always been used by CCAC

Guidelines are a mix of performance
standards and specific requirements

CCAC guidelines on: the care and use of farm
animals in research, teaching and testing

Performance standard
 Flooring should provide a dry, comfortable lying

surface; it should allow animals to go through
their normal movements and postural changes
without slipping, and it should not result in injuries

Specific requirement
 Where dairy cattle are housed with free stalls,

there should be at least one stall for each cow
within the group

CCAC guidelines on: euthanasia of
animals used in science

10 general guiding principles –
permits animal care committees
to accept new methods if they
conform to the principles

Summary Chart of Acceptable
Methods of Euthanasia for
Experimental Animals

CCAC guidelines on: training of personnel
working with animals in science

Institutions are responsible for
providing evidence that all
personnel involved with
animals have the appropriate
knowledge, skills and
competency to perform their
required tasks

Recommended Syllabus

Requires Support

Implementation tools

CCAC guidelines on: the care and use of farm
animals in research, teaching and testing –
implementation document
 While minimum space requirements for various

types of animals are given, the document focuses
more on requirements for the animals to be able to
perform behaviours important to their welfare
 Difficult to set values that continue to be valid

Requires Support

CCAC guidelines on: euthanasia of animals
used in science

Additional Information on Effects of Euthanasia
Methods on Research Results

Requires Support

CCAC guidelines on: training of personnel
working with animals in science

Implementation tools under discussion
 FAQs
 Supporting materials
• Assessment of competence
• Records of training, competency

Implementation

In general, focus on animal

Sometimes difficult to assess, particularly
for animals undergoing procedures

Conclusion − Performance Standards

Benefits
 Permit evolution of best practices
 Do not have to be revised as regularly

Challenges
 Not easily “measured”
 Requires judgement

THANK YOU!!!

Canadian Council on Animal Care
190 O’Connor St., Suite 800
Ottawa, ON
K2P 2R3
www.ccac.ca

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful