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Cuaderno de Apuntes 2015

INGLS I

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Estimado Estudiante de AIEP, en este Cuaderno de Apuntes, junto a cada Aprendizaje Esperado que se te
presenta y que corresponde al Mdulo que cursas, encontrars Conceptos, Ideas Centrales y
Aplicaciones que reforzarn el aprendizaje que debes lograr.

Esperamos que estas Ideas Claves entregadas a modo de sntesis te orienten en el desarrollo del saber, del
hacer y del ser.

Mucho xito.-

Direccin de Desarrollo Curricular y Evaluacin


VICERRECTORA ACADMICA AIEP

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Mdulo: Ingls I
UNIDAD: al finalizar el mdulo los participantes sern capaces de:
Comunicarse en forma escrita y oral en un nivel bsico del idioma ingls de acuerdo a la situacin
comunicativa y el contexto donde sta se produce, haciendo uso de componentes lingsticos y pragmticos
que le permiten negociar y compartir informacin esencial con el fin de de responder a necesidades y
objetivos profesionales y personales propios y de sus interlocutores.

1. Aprendizaje esperado: Interactan con terceros utilizando expresiones de saludo y despedida e


intercambiando datos personales bsicos propios y de terceros, con el uso de estructuras
bsicas en Ingls contextualizadas en variadas situaciones comunicativas.

Contenidos:
-

Alfabeto Ingls

Frmulas de saludo y despedida

Nombres y ttulos personales

Presentacin personal y de terceros

Uso de adjetivos posesivos my/ his / her / your

Nmeros del uno al diez y nmeros telefnicos

Presente simple del verbo Be

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1.1. The English Alphabet


The alphabet and its pronunciation are very important. Many of the letters of the alphabet are similar
to Spanish, but not the same.
We have vowels and consonants. Ask your teacher how to pronounce them.
Vowels:

Consonants:

B C D F G H J K L M N
P Q R S T V W X Y Z
Can you guess the words? There are extra letters:

1) P L P P E A
__ __ __ __ __
Extra letter: ___

2) P P O T L A A
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
Extra letter: ____

3) G I C B R E E G
__ __ __ __ __ __ __
Extra letter: ___

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Pic 1

4) M I E A A L
__ __ __ __ __ __
Extra letter: ___

(N/D, Lindas Blog)

5) M R U I N OF E
__ __ __ __ __ __
Extra letter: ___

1.2. Numbers
Numbers are very important. We can give information related to our addresses, phone numbers, age, etc.

one two three four five six seven eight nine ten zero / oh

It is important to know how to pronounce numbers correctly so we avoid errors with:

Prices

Wrong phone numbers

A wrong address.

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ACTIVITIES

Count the emoticons and underline the right number.


Example:

1) ZERO ONE - TWO


2) THREE FOUR FIVE
3) FIVE SIX - EIGHT
4) ONE THREE - TWO
5) FOUR THREE FIVE

6) NINE TEN EIGHT

7) SIX FOUR - FIVE

8) SEVEN EIGHT NINE

9) TEN NINE - EIGHT

10) ZERO EIGHT - NINE

11) ZERO ONE - TEN

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1.3. Titles
The importance of addressing to the title of a person can be very important in formal situations.
These are the most common tittles.
Female

Male

Mr. (Married)

Ms. (Single/ Married)


Mrs. (Married)

Mr. (Single)

1.3. Circle the right title of the following characters:


a)

He is

Mr. / Mrs. / Ms.

Burns

Pic 2 (Groening , Mr. Burns)

b)

She is

Mrs. / Ms. / Mr. Olivia Culpo

Pic 3 (the Wall Street Journal, Miss Universe)

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c)

She is

Mrs. / Ms. / Mr. Judi Dench

Pic 4 (Wikiupload, Judi Dench)

1.4. Greetings
It is important what to say when you meet someone for the first time in formal and informal situations.
Examples:
-

Meeting a new friend for lunch = Informal

Going to a new doctor = Formal

Can you think of two other examples of informal situations?


1) _______________________________________________________
2) _______________________________________________________
Can you think of two other examples of formal situations?
1) ______________________________________________________
2) ______________________________________________________

1.5. Register
It is related to the way we speak. For example:
- Adults speak to children in one way.
-

Children speak to adults in another way.

A worker speaks to his boss in one way.

The boss speaks to his workers in another way.

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The president speaks to the country in one way.

Read these examples and answer the questions below:


1) A: Hi there, Bill! How are you?
B: Very well, thank you, Mrs. Holmes. And you?

Who is the boss?


a) Bill

b) Mrs. Holmes

The answer is b. Bill answers in a very neutral and a little formal way to his boss, using a title.
2) A: Hi Stacy! How are you?
B: Hi Sharon! I am fine and you?
A: Very well thanks, I am calling you to know if you are coming to my birthday party.

What is the type of relationship?


a) Friends

b) boss and worker

c) adult and child

The answer is a. They are friends and both Sharon and Stacy speak very informally.

3) Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the American Republican Party


Who is talking?
a) Probably a friend b) probably a politician c) probably a worker

The answer is b. He is probably a politician welcoming people to a political meeting.

English has three types of register:


Formal : for people we do not know, or people we need to be polite to (like our boss, or older people).
Neutral/general : for people we do not know well.
Informal

: for friends and family.

We can see this clearly with introductions:

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For example:
Formal introductions
A: Mrs. Holmes, this is Mr. Lawrence.
B: Mr. Lawrence. I'm pleased to meet you.

General/Neutral introductions
A: Mrs. Holmes, do you know Mr. Lawrence?
B: How are you, Mr. Lawrence?

Informal introductions
A: Lydia, meet John
B: How are you, John?

1.6. Types of introduction


People introduce themselves for different reasons: for business, for school situations, parties, when making
new friends, etc.
Lets have a look at some examples:

Attention!
"How do you do = Pleased to meet you"

Formal introductions
A: Mr. Pitt, this is Professor Kerr.
B: Professor Kerr. I'm pleased to meet you.

Very formal

Formal

How do you do has nothing to do with


doing something

A: Mr. Pitt, may I present Professor Kerr.


B: How do you do?
Formal language is used in formal situations for example funerals, meetings with important people, business
meetings, job interviews, etc.
General/Neutral introductions
A: Ms. Gutierrez, do you know Professor Kerr?
B: How are you, Professor?
A: John, this is Julia Gutierrez.
B: Pleased to meet you.
A: John Kerr, Julia Gutierrez.
B: It's nice to meet you.

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Sometimes the other person will help you and say (for example) "Please call me Julia".
Informal introductions
A: John, meet Julia
B: How are you, Julia?
A: John, this is Julia.
B: Hi, Julia.
Informal introductions are for people we meet at parties, or when we are with friends.
You can also introduce yourself to people you dont know depending on the situation and usually not personal:
For example:
I am Police Officer Perez, and I am arresting you for
Im a Peter Rosenberg, your pilot on this flight
Hi, Im Natalie, your English teacher

ACTIVITIES

Classify the following statements in the chart.


a) May I introduce myself? I'm David Soto
b) Are you Peter Stewart? I'm Isabel Zuniga.
c) Peter, this is Lydia.
d) I'm pleased to meet you.
e) Mrs. Azocar, do you know Professor Stevens?
f) Lydia, meet Peter
g) How do you do?
h) Hello, I'm Lydia Johansson
i) I'm delighted to meet you, Professor. My name is Lydia Johansson

j) How are you, Peter?

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Informal

1.7.

General/Neutral

Formal

Introducing yourself or others

Look at the following conversations:

Hi, I'm Tanya. Are you Jessica?


Yes, that's right. Hello Tanya.
Are you from Spain, Jessica?
No, I'm French.

Hello, I'm Lydia Johansson

May I introduce myself? I am


Jennifer.
Hello, Jennifer. Pleased to meet
you.
Pleased to meet you, too. I think
we are classmates.
Really? That is nice.

Are you Mrs. Spears?


Yes, I am.
I am Mr. Jefferson. We are the
new teachers at AIEP.
Nice to meet you Mr. Jefferson

Hi! I am Carolina.
Are you from Argentina
Carolina?
No, I am from Chile

Hello, are you Professor Kerr?


Yes, I am.
Nice to meet you, I am Lucia
Lpez and I am in your class.
Nice to meet you Lucia

Hi! I am Tanya
Hi Tanya! I am Jessica
I think we are in the same English
class.
Yes! We are!
Is he in our class, too?
He is David, and yes, he is in our
class too.

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Grammar Spot!

To be: as you can see in the previous chart the conjugated forms of to be are underlined. In
present tense they go like these:

a) I am Sharon.
b) You are David.
c) She is Chilean.
d) He is from Brazil.
e) It is red.
f)

You are French.

g) We are classmates
h) They are teachers.

The use of to be in questions goes as follows:


You are David = he is David!

Are you David? = maybe he is not David.


a) Are you Chilean? - Yes, we are!
b) Is it red? No, it is dark pink (also, No, it isnt)

Contractions:

c) Are those sweaters red? - Yes, they are!

is not = isnt

d) Are you French? Yes, I am.

are not = arent

e) Is she French? yes, she is!


f)

Is he French? No, he is not (also, No, he isnt)

g) Are we in the same English class? Yes, we are!


h) Are they our teachers? Yes, they are!

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ACTIVITIES

Complete the following sentences with the right form of the verb to be.

a) ____ you Canadian? Yes, I _____.


b) She ____ a teacher. Actually, she ___ a student.
c) ____ they in our class? No, they ________.
d) ___ it blue? No, it ______. It ___ like a dark blue actually.
e) He ____ my new teacher. He ___ Australian.
f) I ____ the new student from AIEP Calama.
g) _____ you the new Student? Welcome! It ___ nice to meet you!
h) It ____ a Chinese pencil. It ____ the best pencil, German pencils ____ better.
i)

___ we there yet? No, we ______ there yet, 30 more minutes.

j)

She ____ Miss Chile. Her name ____ Natalia Lermanda.

1.8. Possessives
Possessive adjectives refer to possession, to property. They vary according to the owner:

Pic 5 (N/D, Jennifer Lawrence)

a)

Her name is Jennifer Lawrence.

Her = Female

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Pic 6 (Godlis, Matthew McConaughey)

b)

His name is Brad Pitt.

His = Male

Pic 7 (N/D, Augusto Schuster y Mariana Di Girolamo)

c)

d)

Their names are Augusto and Mariana.


Their = Two or
more people, male or female.

Your name is Roberto.

Your = Refers to the other person, female or male.

e)

My name is Ricardo. My = refers to you.

f)
A: My name is Jenny
B: My name is Jenny, too.
A & B: Our names are Jenny!

Our = refers to we

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ACTIVITIES

Now practice! Circle the right alternative:


a) Ricardo is a new student at AIEP. He is studying Massage Therapy.
His / Her / Their name is / are Ricardo. His / My / Your major is
Massage Therapy.

b) Stacy is the new teacher of English. She is Canadian.


His / Their / Her name is Stacy. His / My / Her nationality is
Canadian.

c) Pedro and Juan are twin brothers. They work at AIEP Calama.
His / Their / Your names are / is / am Pedro and Juan. Your / My / Their workplace is AIEP
Calama.
d) Professor McDonalds is the new Head of the Business School. He is from South Africa.
Her / Your / His family name is McDonalds and his / her / my nationality is South African.
e) I am Roberto, a new student at AIEP Providencia and I am from Valparaso.
His / my / your name is Roberto and his / my / their city is /are / am Valparaso.

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2. Aprendizaje esperado: Interactan con otros a travs de la indicacin y reconocimiento de objetos


bsicos propios y de terceros, as como tambin de su ubicacin espacial en relacin a otros,
haciendo uso de esquemas lgicos gramaticales en el idioma ingls contextualizados en variadas
situaciones comunicativas.

Contenidos:
-

Objetos de una sala de clases

Uso de artculo indefinido a / an y artculo


definido The

Pronunciacin de plurales

Uso de this / these y pronombres personales

Presente simple del verbo Be

Uso de preposiciones de lugar para entregar


ubicacin

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2.1. The classroom.


Can you name four things you usually see in your classroom?

1) __________________
2) __________________
3) __________________
4) __________________

ACTIVITIES

These are the things you can find in a typical AIEP classroom. Match them accordingly.

a) This is a computer.
b) This is a chair.
c) This is a projector.
d) These are markers.
e) This is a whiteboard.
f) These are board erasers.

1. ____

2. ____

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3. ____

4. ____

Pic 8 (N/D, Jual Continuous Form)

5. ____

6. ____

Pic 9 (SWSS6514 Schwan-Stabilo)

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2.2. Indicating objects with this or these


This and these are used to refer to things that are close to us.
This is used for singular (only one thing) = 1
These is used for plural (more the one thing) = +1

This is an apple =
(only one)

These are apples =


(more than one)

ACTIVITIES

Complete with THIS or THESE.

a) _______ are whiteboards.

b) _______ is a school chair.

Pic 10 (N/D, Clipart)

c) _______ are computers.

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d) ______ are board erasers.


Pic 11 (Educatorsoutlet, Erasers)

e) ______ is a projector.

f) _____ is a marker.

Pic 12 (N/D, Marker)

2.3. Talking about objects: the articles A and AN.


Using A or An depends on the sound that begins the next word.

a + singular noun beginning with a consonant:


a girl; a whiteboard; a bike

an + singular noun beginning with a vowel:


an airplane; an egg; an apple

a + singular noun beginning with U or W, when these are pronounced like a consonant:
a Universe, a university

(in this case Universe is pronounced with the sounds ju, not
with the vowel I).

an + nouns starting with silent "h":


an hour (the H is silent)

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a + nouns starting with a pronounced "h":


a horse (the H is spoken)

2.4. Talking about adjectives: the article The


For example, if I say, Lets read the book, I mean a specific book.
If I say, Lets read a book, I mean any book, not a specific one.

- Lets read the book.


(In this case we are talking about a specific book: the blue book right here.)

- Lets read a book


(In this case it means any book, it could be the green, the red or the light blue book.)

ACTIVITIES

Complete the sentences with A, AN or THE.

a) This is ____ new mobile phone. It is ____ Android.


b) That is ____ elephant! My favorite animal.
c) Lets read ___ first book: The Hunger Games.
d) That is ___ horse. It was ___ birthday present.
e) ___ bike can be very useful to go to AIEP.
f) ___ airplane is better than a ship to travel.
g) ___ TV remote is on ___ red sofa.
h) Lets watch ___ movie! We can download any, choose!

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2.5. Pronunciation of plurals


Plurals have a particular way to be pronounced and formed. The way depends mainly on pronunciation.
We add an s to form the plural of most nouns, and in certain cases we add es:
1 dog, 2 dogs
1 class, 2 classes

When a word finishes with a consonant sound whose pronunciation is voiceless (i.e. when we pronounce it
there is no vibration of the vocal cords, it is as if the air just went out of our mouth without any obstacle), the
plural s sounds like an s. This happens:

After a /p/ sound:

shops / maps / Apps

After a /t/ sound:

mats / pets / hats

After a /k/ sound:

books / racks / desks

After a // sound:

cloths / paths / months

After a /f/ sound:

giraffes / coughs / laughs

When a word finishes with a vowel or a consonant sound whose pronunciation is voiced (i.e. when we
pronounce it there is vibration of the vocal cords), the plural s sounds like /z/. We can compare this sound to
the buzz made by bees (zzzz). This happens, for example, in:

After a /b/ sound:

lambs / crabs / Arabs

After a /d/ sound:

colds / folds / pads

After a /g/ sound:

bags / clogs / hugs

After a // sound:

bathes / clothes / breathes

After a /v/ sound:

loves / saves / scarves

After all vowel sounds:

areas / cafs / bees / cows

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When the plural form has the es ending, the pronunciation is always /iz/:

After a /s/ or /z/ sound:


After a // sound:

exercises / boxes / classes


washes / flashes / flushes

After a / t / sound:

catches / watches / matches

After a // sound:

massages / garages

After a /d/ sound:

cages / fudges

ACTIVITIES

Classify this list of words into the corresponding plural s pronunciation group.
CHAIR

PASS

SMASH

CELL PHONE

LAPTOP

CLOCK

BRIEFCASE

CUT

PEN

FAX

CASE

WINDOW

NOTEBOOK

KEY

WASTEBASKET

CLASS

BOARD

MUG

TOUCH

TRACK

/S/

/Z/

/IZ/

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2.6. Prepositions of place + to be:

E
Pic 13 (N/D, Prepositions)

E.g.
The chair is behind the desk.
The pen is on the letters, in front of the
chair.
The wastebasket is next to the desk.
The sheets of paper are
wastebasket.

in the

The laptop computer is between the lamp


and the clock.

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ACTIVITIES

Complete the following sentences with the right to be form + Prepositions of Place:

1) The computer ______________ the desk.


2) The hats _______________ the computer screen.
3) The CPU ________________ the computer screen.
4) The old calendar _____________ the wastebasket.
5) The chair _____________ the desk.
6) The keys _____________ the desk.

Describe your English classroom. Write five sentences using different Prepositions of Place.

1. ____________________________________________________.
2. ____________________________________________________.
3. ____________________________________________________.
4. ____________________________________________________.
5. ____________________________________________________.

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3. Aprendizaje esperado: Interactan con otros para solicitar y entregar informacin sobre
nacionalidades, idiomas, edades y rasgos fsicos y de personalidad propios y de terceros,
adecuando sus competencias lingsticas a distintos contextos comunicativos orales y escritos.

Contenidos:
-

Ciudades, pases, nacionalidades e idiomas

Presente simple del verbo Be

Nmeros hasta el 100 / Edades

Uso de adjetivos para describir fsica y


sicolgicamente a diferentes personas: tall /
short, thin / a little heavy, quiet / talkative, shy
/ friendly, entre otros

Preguntas abiertas con Wh-

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3.1. Countries, cities, nationalities and languages.


-

A country is a territory or state. For example, Chile, Japan, Brazil, etc


I am from a beautiful country. Im from Chile.
The city is the urban place where a person lives. For
example, Talca, Montevideo, Paris.

I live in Santiago.
identity.

Nationality is related to the place you were born and your

I was born in Chile. I am Chilean.


-

Languages are the forms of communication of people in one country.


I am from Chile. I speak Spanish.

3.2. Countries and their cities.


There are 196 countries in the world. Each country has a capital city. In the case of Chile, the capital
city is Santiago de Chile.

ACTIVITIES

Fill in the blanks with the right information.


Sherry is from Canada. She lives in Quebec.
She is fluent in English and French.

a) Hi! My name is Sherry. I am _______________. I love my country. I live in


________________. This is a francophone region so I speak _____________ and
________________. I love my country. I think _____________ is the best country in the
world!
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b) Johan lives in Chur, Switzerland. He is bilingual, which means he has two (a) mother tongues
/ foreign languages. His (b) foreign / native languages are Italian and German, and he also
speaks English as a (c) foreign / native language. Johann speaks a German (d) dialect / idiom
that is very different from standard German.

Are these places familiar?


1

Pic 14 (Cristian Barrera, Facebook)

b.) Thailand
c.) England
1. This country probably is:
a.) China

3. These towers are in:

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a.) Malaysia
b.) Chile
c.) Argentina
2. This person is probably from:
a.) France
b.) Vietnam

c.) USA
4. This building is in:
a.) England
b.) South Africa
c.) Australia

Lets practice some more. Circle the right nationality or/and country
a) An Albanian comes from Albania / Albanyland.
b) An Afghan comes from Afghany / Afghanistan.
c) A Belgian / Belganese comes from Belgium.
d) A Chilean / Chilenese comes from Chile.
e) A Brazilian comes from Brazil / Brasil.
f) A German / Alemanian comes from Germania / Germany.
g) An Iranian comes from Iram / Iran.
h) A Mexicani / Mexican comes from Mexico / Mejico.
i) A Peruvian / Peruvianese comes from Peru.
j) A Vietnamese / Vietnamian comes from Vietnam.
k) A Polish / Pollandian comes from Poland / Pollandia.
l) An American / Americanian comes from the USA.
m) A Englandish / British comes from England.
n) An Australian comes from Australia / Austria.

3.3. Languages.
Put the right language in the right place.

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English x 3 - Russian Japanese Italian Turkish Chinese Spanish x 2


Hindi Arabic - Thai German French x 2

England

India

Spain

France

Turkey

Japan

USA

Australia

Thailand

Germany

Russia

Haiti

Italy

China

Egypt

Argentina

Put the right languages and nationalities into the correct column.
Country

Nationality

Language

Chile

Chilean

Spanish

Australia

Thai

Japan

England

American

Italian

Turkish

China

10

Spain

11
12

Bolivian
Brazil

Portuguese

Do you know what the capitals of the following countries are?


1. Whats the capital city of Egypt?
a) It is Cairo.

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b) It is New York.
c) It is Paris.
2. Whats the capital city of the USA?
a) It is New York.
b) It is Washington D.C.
c) It is Miami.
3. Whats the capital city of Australia?
a) It is Sydney.
b) It is Canberra.
c) It is Buenos Aires.
4. Whats the capital city of Japan?
a) It is Tokyo.
b) It is Beijing.
c) It is Lima.
5. Whats the capital city of England?
a) It is Paris.
b) It is Munich.
c) It is London.
6. Whats the capital city of Italy?
a) It is Vienna.
b) It is Rome.
c) It is Barcelona.
7. Whats the capital city of Thailand?
a) It is Madrid.
b) It is Lisbon.
c) It is Bangkok.
8. Whats the capital city of China?
a) It is Beijing.
b) It is Seoul.
c) It is Caracas.

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3.4. Numbers 1 - 100


1 One

16 Sixteen

31 Thirty-one

60 Sixty

2 Two

17 Seventeen

32 Thirty-two

61 Sixty-one

3 Three

18 Eighteen

33 Thirty-three

62 Sixty-two

4 Four

19 Nineteen

34 Thirty-four

70 Seventy

5 Five

20 Twenty

35 Thirty-five

71 Seventy-one

6 Six

21 Twenty one

36 Thirty-six

72 Seventy-two

7 Seven

22 Twenty two

37 Thirty-seven

80 Eighty

8 Eight

23 Twenty three

38 Thirty-eight

81 Eighty-one

9 Nine

24 Twenty four

39 Thirty-nine

82 Eighty-two

10 Ten

25 Twenty five

40 Forty

90 Ninety

11 Eleven

26 Twenty six

41 Forty-one

91 Ninety-one

12 Twelve

27 Twenty seven

42 Forty-two

92 Ninety-two

13 Thirteen

28 Twenty eight

50 Fifty

93 Ninety-three

14 Fourteen

29 Twenty nine

51 Fifty-one

100 One hundred

15 Fifteen

30 Thirty

52 Fifty-two

ACTIVITIES
Write the numbers with words or numbers when corresponds

a) 24
b) Eleven

Twenty-four
11

c) 14
d) 50

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e) Fifteen
f) Forty-seven
g) Sixty-eight
h) 78
i) 12
j) 39
k) Eighty-three
l) One
m) 9
n) Ninety-nine
o) One hundred
p) Seventy-four
q) Twenty-five
r) Forty-six
s) 37
t) 88

3.5. Talking about age


To indicate our age, we use the verb to be.
Example:
I am 23 years old.
You are 23 years old.
She is 12 years old.
He is 31 years old.
It is 3 years old
You are 11 and 12 years old.
We are 14 and 15 years old.
They are 40 and 45 years old.

Important!
We NEVER use to have to
talk about age:
-

She is 19 years old.


(Correct!)
She has 19 years
old. (Wrong)

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You can also omit years old and say:


He is 21.
Brad is 46.
Veronica is 33.

ACTIVITIES

Correct and rewrite the incorrect sentences:


Example: he has 12 years old Hes 12 years old
a) She are 13. _________________________________________.
b) They is 25 and 26. ____________________________________________.
c) We have 19 years old. ______________________________________________.
d) He is 12 years old. ________________________________________.
e) Sharon has 21 years old. ______________________________________________:
f)

Brandon is 49. ______________________________________________.

g) Brandon and Sharon is 49 and 21 years old. _________________________________________.


h) Brandon, Sharon, and I is 49, 21 and 19 years old. ____________________________________.
i)

Jennifer is 23 years old. ______________________________________________.

3.6. Using adjectives to describe people


We use adjectives to describe people. Adjectives are characteristics or qualities in a person or thing.
Example:
Carol is pretty Carlos is shy
Pretty = appearance
Shy = personality

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Here you have some adjectives to describe people physically:

a) Thin / a little heavy - related to body shape.


Models are thin.
Too many burgers make you fat.

Important
!
Handsome is used to describe
men.
She is a handsome woman
She is a beautiful / pretty woman

b) Tall / Short related to height


Basketball players are very tall.
Hobbits are short.
c) Beautiful / Handsome /Good looking related to the concept of beauty in a person.
Taylor Swift is very beautiful.
Brad Pitt is very handsome

Here you have some adjectives to describe people psychologically:

a) Funny / serious related to amusement and interest.


Sheldon from The Big Bang Theory is very funny.
President Putin is very serious
b) Talkative/ Quiet related to the disposition to talk.
Paul is talkative. He really enjoys having a good conversation
Tom is quiet. He doesnt talk much
c)

Friendly/ Shy related to attitude


Eva is popular and friendly. She is always with her friends.
Marco is so shy! He doesnt give his opinion easily

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ACTIVITIES
A. Look at the following people and read the short description.

Alex

Shirley

Luis
Rosita

Anna
Mario

Pic 26 (N/D, Different People)

Luis doesnt talk much.


Rosita tells really good jokes!
Alex is very popular. Everybody likes
Alex.

Shirley really enjoys talking to people


Anna never gives her opinion in front of
other people.
Mario doesnt like jokes so much

Describe these people.


Luis: ______________________________________________________________
Rosita: ____________________________________________________________
Alex: ______________________________________________________________
Shirley: ____________________________________________________________
Anna: _____________________________________________________________
Mario: _____________________________________________________________

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3.7. Requesting specific information


WH- questions are the ones that need an explanation, you cant answer just yes or no when you
encounter one.

Examples:

Whats your friend like? Question form to ask about personality - example: Shes really shy.

Whats Sao Paulo Like?


-

It is super fun!

It is a big city.
How are you this week?

I am really well! Thanks for asking.

I am not Ok. I am sick.


How old is your brother?

He is seventeen years old.

He is thirty-five years old.


Who is your best friend?

My best friend is my Tiffany Maxwell.

His name is Cristobal. We go to AIEP together.


Why is he your best friend?

He is very funny and friendly. He is a good friend.

He is quiet and shy like me.


Where are your new classmates from?

Theyre from Santiago.

Theyre from Valdivia


Whos that?

Hes my new English teacher

Shes my sister.

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ACTIVITIES
B. Read the text and write questions for these answers.

Who is this girl?


The Brazilian Gisele Bndchen is one of the most famous models in the world, with
an estimated fortune of 150 million dollars. Gisele was born on July 20th 1980, and
she has five sisters. Gisele is tall and thin. She has light brown hair and blue eyes.
She is also very kind and talkative but sometimes is arrogant and lazy. She speaks
Portuguese, English and Spanish very well. She always appears in all fashion
magazines such as Vogue and Cosmopolitan, and shes the face of several fashion
houses in advertising campaigns, including Dior, Versace and Givenchy.

1. __________________________________________________? She is 34 years old.


2. __________________________________________________? She is tall with brown hair.
3. __________________________________________________? She is from Brazil.
4. __________________________________________________? They are blue.

C. Complete the sentences with appropriate adjectives from the box.


thin

tall

smart lazy

serious brunette heavy

1. When a person has dark hair, he or she is ____________________.


2. Carol is not funny at all, she is very ____________________! But she is very ________________, she
always helps her friends with their homework.
3. Ben is a little _______________ because he doesnt play any sports. He is so ________________!

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4. Aprendizaje esperado: Interactan en situaciones comunicativas en las que solicita e indica


caractersticas de prendas de vestir propias y de terceros, con el uso de estructuras y vocabulario
bsicos en ingls, contextualizadas en variadas situaciones dialgicas escritas y orales.

Contenidos:
-

Prendas de vestir masculinas y femeninas, para


situaciones formales e informales

Colores

Uso de adjetivos y pronombres posesivos y del


posesivo con s

Presente simple del verbo Be

Tiempo verbal Presente Continuo

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4.1. Clothes

Socks
cs

Sneakers
Jeans

T-shirt

Coat

Boots
Shoes

Hat

Dress

Sweater

Swimsuit

Pajamas

Shorts
Skirt

Shirt
Blouse

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High Heels

Tie
Gloves

ACTIVITIES

Classify the clothes for men, women or both.


Clothes exclusively for men

Clothes for both (neutral)

Clothes exclusively for women

4.2. Colors
Colors are related to the pigments and light on things and the way we perceive them. Here you have some
examples of color:

Blue

Green

Dark blue

Yellow

Purple

Orange

Light blue

Pink

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Dark green

Red

Light green

Black

Brown

White

Beige

Gray

ACTIVITIES

What colors are these?

Pic 16 (Drmjschiro, Colorful)

1.______________

3._______________

5._______________

2.______________

4._______________

6._______________

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

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Describe these sports t-shirts. Write one short full answer.

a) The Arsenal shirt


_______________________________________
_______________________________________

Pic 17 (Arsenal, Puma Home Shirt)

b) The All Blacks shirt


(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

________________________________________
________________________________________

Pic 18 (Adidas, All Blacks)

c) The Chilean soccer shirt


(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

_________________________________________
_________________________________________

Pic 19 (Adidas, Chilean Soccer T-shirt)

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

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d) The Croatian Football shirt


__________________________________________
__________________________________________

Pic 20 (Nike, Croatian Football T-shirt)

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

e) The Italian Football shirt


__________________________________________
__________________________________________

Pic 21 (Puma, Italian Football T-shirt)

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

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What are they wearing? Write complete sentences mentioning at least three pieces of clothing, adding colors.

1. Helenna

Pic 22 (The 10 Runway


Trends youll be wearing
this Spring)

2. Mark

Pic 23 (Top Mens


Summer Fashion
Trends)

3. Jean

Pic 24 (Fashion Trends


Spring 2015 Men Fashion
Week)

4. Sun - Hee

Pic 25 (Preppy in Honk


Kong)

1. _____________________________________________________________________________.
2. _____________________________________________________________________________.
(de la Rosa, Pajamas)
(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

3. _____________________________________________________________________________.
4. _____________________________________________________________________________.

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4.3. Expressing property with the apostrophe

We use the apostrophe to shorten expressions. For example:


He is 13 years old - Hes 13 years old.
We also use it for possession:
The house of Jennifer = Jennifers house
The car of my brother = my brothers car
The sweater of my sister = my sisters sweater
I am wearing the sweater of my sister = I am wearing my sisters sweater
I am driving the car of my brother = I am driving my brothers car

ACTIVITY

Rewrite these sentences in a different way.

a) She is living in the house of her boyfriend - _______________________________________


b) Arturo has the socks of his brother - _____________________________________________
c) You have the eyes of your mother - _____________________________________________
d) We are at the party of Beth - __________________________________________________
e) It is the toy of Cachupin - _____________________________________________________
f) It is the dress of my grandmother - ______________________________________________

Read the following opinion and do the activities below.


How does fashion affect society?

Fashion is defined in two ways. It could have good effects and bad effects. Why is it
good and why is it bad? You see, fashion is a way for a person to express one's self.
To some people, it is their only way to show what they are feeling, but there are
also bad effects of fashion to society. Nowadays, fashion is used to criticize people
with what they are wearing.
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This is one of the many effects of fashion to society nowadays, Disrespect. Another
bad effect of fashion to society is that it teaches people to judge other people who
"dress poorly". Is it not that fashion is expressing one's personality and feelings? So
does it not mean that we could dress any way we want to because we have
different, unique personalities within us? Because of this, most people tend to
follow the trend. Some may hate the new trend but still follows it because he or she
does not want to be "out of style", as some might say.
A common fallacy found in this concept is that fashion is being "in" and being
trendy but actually fashion is made for each individual to express his or her unique
personality. As individuals, we should have our own fashion statement because
each one of us has different personalities that should be reflected with what we
wear.

1. According to the author, what is one of the bad effects of fashion in society?
____________________________________________________________________________.
2. Why do people follow the new trends?
____________________________________________________________________________.
3. Are you interested in fashion?
____________________________________________________________________________.
4. In your opinion, is fashion positive or negative to society?
____________________________________________________________________________.

Circle the alternatives that best answer the questions.


1. What is a fallacy?
a) an image

b) a myth

c) a truth

2. The author implies that fashion is good because


a) it expresses ones personality

b) it reflects society

c) it reveals disrespect

3. To dress poorly means


a) not having money to buy clothes

b) to be out of style

c) to wear eccentric clothes

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5. Aprendizaje esperado: Interactan en situaciones comunicativas escritas y orales enfocadas a la


descripcin de caractersticas climticas del momento en que se habla, con el uso de estructuras y
vocabulario bsicos en ingls adecuados segn el contexto lingstico y social que enfrenta.

Contenidos:
-

Estaciones del ao

Uso de adjetivos que describen el clima: warm /


sunny / hot / humid / cool / cloudy / windy /
cold

Presente simple del verbo Be

Tiempo verbal Presente Continuo

Uso de conjunciones and y but

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5.1. Seasons of the year and adjectives to describe the weather


There are four seasons:

Summer

Fall/Autumn

Winter

Spring
Pic 26 (N/D, Seasons)

Summer is sunny and hot.

Fall is windy and a little cloudy.

Winter is very cold.

Spring is warm and windy sometimes.

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

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5.2. Describing weather.


Some adjectives to describe the weather are:

It is a sunny day!

It is a very hot day!

It is a humid day!

It is a cool day!

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It is a cloudy day!

It is a windy day!

It is a cold day!

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It is a warm day!

ACTIVITIES

Answer T (true) or F (False)

a) ____ Summer is cold in Santiago.


b) ____ Winter is very hot in Santiago.
c) ____ Punta Arenas is very warm.
d) ____ Punta Arenas is very cloudy.
e) ____ Antofagasta is a hot city.
f) ____ December is hot in Rancagua.
g) ____ Valparaso is cloudy in June.
h) ____ Via del Mar is not Cloudy in June.
i) ____ Cold days are perfect for the beach!
j) ____ Warm days are perfect to play with snow.

Describe the weather in the following places. Write full sentences.


Example: Vancouvers autumn is very windy.

1. Sao Paulos summer :____________________________________________________


2. Antarcticas winter: _______________________________________________________
3. Aricas spring: __________________________________________________________
4. Rancaguas fall: _________________________________________________________

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5.3. Putting ideas together


The conjunctions AND & BUT are used to connect two ideas.
And connects two ideas that are similar, it denotes addition
Examples:

Im wearing jeans and a t-shirt.

Shes wearing a dress and high heels.

Its cold and its raining.

But connects two opposite ideas, it denotes contrast.


Example:

Its raining but Im not wearing a raincoat.

I am calling Sharon, but she is not answering.

Its cold but Anna is not wearing a sweater

ACTIVITIES

Complete the sentences with but, or and.

a) I like vegetables ____ fruits.


b) I like vegetables, ____ I dont like fruits.
c) Its really hot _____ its not sunny.
d) He is cute ____ really tall. Hes really good looking.
e) They are wearing blue sweaters _____ white jeans for the football match.
f) Linda is tall ____ beautiful. She looks like a top model.
g) He is handsome ____ smart, ____ he is really shy!
h) She is very beautiful, ____ too shy. Its difficult to have a conversation with her.
i) Jennifer is eating a burger _____ not the French fries. She is on a diet.

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Read this poem and add the words in bold to the word spiders
Weather around the world
Its freezing in Stockholm, and the snows coming down.
The suns shining in New York, but theres frost on the ground.
So be careful on the sidewalks, its icy all around.
In Mexico City, black clouds are coming out to play,
Its not raining yet, but theres a storm on the way.
Its also hot and humid, but its like that most days.
In Beijing, from the mountains, cold winds blow.
Its getting pretty misty, and visibility is low.
Its chilly out so stay indoors if you have nowhere to go.
Its the weather around the world.
Theres a thick fog in London, you cant see much at all.
Theres a hailstorm in Moscow, take care not to fall.
And its drizzling in Dublin, good weather for the mall.
Its the weather around the world!

Nouns

mist

Its hailing

Adjectives
Verbs

icy

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Read the poem one more time and answer these questions.

1. Where is there poor visibility?


______________________________________________________________________________

2. In what place its sunny but very cold?


______________________________________________________________________________

3. What outdoor activities can you do when its drizzling?


______________________________________________________________________________

4. What weather condition makes you happy? Why?


______________________________________________________________________________

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5. Aprendizaje esperado: Identifica de manera visual y auditiva e indica la hora del da de forma oral
y escrita en variados contextos profesionales y coloquiales, haciendo uso de los esquemas
gramaticales y lxicos del idioma ingls adecuados a cada situacin particular.

Contenidos:
-

Horas y partes del da

Uso de expresiones de tiempo: in the morning /


in the afternoon / in the evening / at night,
entre otras

Presente simple del verbo Be

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6.1. Parts of the day


The day is divided into 4 parts:
Morning:

Afternoon:

Important!
To say hello at night =
GOOD EVENING
To say goodbye at
night = GOOD NIGHT

Evening:

Night:

TIME EXPRESSIONS
We say:
In the morning

6.2. Using AM and PM

In the afternoon
In the evening

12:01 am starts at night and finishes at 12:00 pm in the midday or noon.


21:01 pm starts in the day and finishes at 12:00 am at night.

...but we say:
At night

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6.3. Telling the time


The question to ask the time is:

What time is it?

We answer accordingly:

You can use the word


AFTER or PAST to
refer to the minutes
between 1 and 29.
Ten AFTER two.
A quarter AFTER
twelve.

Pic 27 (N/D, Telling The Time)

Examples:

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

It is ten AFTER three.

It is a quarter TO four.

3:15

It is a quarter after three

2:45

It is a quarter to three

5:30

It is five thirty

10:00

It is ten oclock

7:35

It is twenty five to eight

8:25

It is twenty five after eight

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Noon = 12pm

Midnight = 12am

It is noon

It is midnight

ACTIVITIES

Write the time specifying the moment of the day with time expressions.
Example: 7:15 am = It is a quarter after seven in the morning.

a) 11:00 am
b) 11:00 pm
c) 9:20 am
d) 12:05 am
e) 3:25 pm
f) 3:35 am
g) 8:20 pm
h) 6:40 am
i) 4:30 pm

Write the time in a different way:


1. Its a quarter to seven

______________________________________________________

2. Its two fifty-five

______________________________________________________

3. Its two-oh-five

______________________________________________________

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4. Its four fifty

______________________________________________________

5. Its noon

______________________________________________________

6. Its twenty after three

______________________________________________________

7. Its nine fifteen

___________________________________________________

8. Its eleven twenty

___________________________________________________

Read the text and answer the questions.


WHY BE ON TIME?
Being on time:

Demonstrates that you are diligent and dependable.


Indicates that you honor your obligations.
Shows that you have respect for other people and that you care about their time.
Sets a good example for your children and others.
Builds self-confidence and success.

One of the common attributes of all successful people is that they view their time as a
precious resource. When you are late for appointments with people who value their
time, you waste one of their most valuable assets and there is a good chance they will
view you as rude, irresponsible and disrespectful. Is this how you want to show
yourself?
Not only should you make every effort to be on time for business-related appointments,
but also to be on time for personal commitments. Valuing your friends time and
earning their respect is an important part of your individual reputation.

1. When you are late, what do people think?


_____________________________________________________________________________
2. How can you be a good example for children?
_____________________________________________________________________________
3. According to the author, why time is a resource for successful people?
_____________________________________________________________________________

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7. Aprendizaje esperado: Interactan en instancias comunicativas escritas y orales describiendo y


preguntando por situaciones que estn ocurriendo en el momento en que se habla, a travs de la
aplicacin de esquemas gramaticales y lxicos del idioma ingls especficos en contexto.

Contenidos:
-

Actividades que se realizan a diario

Tiempo verbal Presente Continuo

Uso de la conjuncin so

Preguntas Wh-

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7.1. Describing ongoing actions


Look at the question and the answers given, according to each picture.

What are these people doing?

Shes sleeping.

Hes having breakfast.

Hes working.

Other verbs
Have lunch

Read

Watch tv

Run

Ride a bike

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ACTIVITIES
Write sentences using the information in parentheses.

1.

(She / have lunch) __________________________________________________

2.

(We / run) ________________________________________________________

3.

(The students / read) _______________________________________________

4.

(Thomas / ride a bike) ______________________________________________

7.2. Describing ongoing actions using the Present Continuous


We use Present Continuous to refer to activities happening NOW.
What are you wearing today?
I am wearing a dress (in this moment).
We are wearing jackets (in this moment).
The kids are wearing pajamas (in this moment).

Affirmative statements

Negative statements

To be + verb + ing

To be + not + verb + ing

She is doing her homework

She is not doing her homework

Questions
To be + object + verb + ing
Is she doing her homework?

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Statement
She is dancing

Yes/no question
Is she dancing?
Yes, she is. / No, shes not.

Wh- question
Where is she dancing?
She is dancing at the disco

It is sleeping

Is it sleeping?
Yes, it is. / No, it isnt.

Why is it sleeping?
Because

I am eating

Am I eating?
Yes, you are. / No, you arent.

What am I eating?
Youre eating

We are leaving

Are we leaving?

When are we leaving?

They are working

Are they working?

How are they working?

ACTIVITIES
Write full sentences with the words in the cues. Use Present Continuous.
a) You/practice/ karate (now) : ______________________________________________
b) She/eat/breakfast (now)

: _______________________________________________

c) We/wear/ pajamas (now)

: _______________________________________________

d) I/drive/car (now)

:_______________________________________________

e) You/learn/English (now)

:_______________________________________________

Make these sentences negative. Example: I am thinking I am not thinking.

a) I am working today - _____________________________


b) They are travelling around Asia - ________________________________
c) He is eating empanadas - _______________________________
d) We are dancing tango - ____________________________________
e) You are studying too much - _________________________________

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Turn these statements into questions. Example: she is eating a salad is she eating a salad?

a) They are travelling around Africa - _____________________________________


b) We are dancing with the stars - ______________________________________
c) She is working very hard - _____________________________________
d) He is wearing a blue coat and yellow jeans - ______________________________________
e) It is raining - _________________________________

Look at the picture and answer T (true) or F (false) to the statements below. Correct the false
information.
Pic 28 (N/D, IMGEND)

1. ___ Andrs and Pedro are feeding Paco.


_________________________________________________________.
2. ___ Javier is driving his car.
_________________________________________________________.

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3. ___ Toms is sleeping.


_________________________________________________________.
4. ___ Nacho is playing with Concha.
_________________________________________________________.
5. ___ Maria is flying a kite.
_________________________________________________________.
6. ___ Cecilia is talking with Eva.
_________________________________________________________.
Answer with YOUR personal information. Write complete sentences.
1. Is it raining in your city right now?
_________________________________________________________.
2. What are you wearing in this moment?
_________________________________________________________.
3. What are you doing on a Saturday at 2 oclock in the morning?
_________________________________________________________.
4. What are your parents doing right now?
_________________________________________________________.
5. Imagine its Sunday, three thirty in the afternoon. What are you doing?
_________________________________________________________.

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6. Aprendizaje esperado: Interactan

con terceros en forma escrita y oral, en situaciones

comunicativas generadas en torno a la solicitud y entrega de informacin sobre rutinas diarias


desde distintos enfoques, a travs de la aplicacin de estructuras gramaticales adecuadas y
adaptadas a variados contextos lingsticos y sociales

Contenidos:
-

Medios de transporte

Formas de trasladarse de un lugar a otro

Principales lugares de una ciudad: downtown /


suburbs / school, entre otras

Tiempo verbal Presente Simple

Miembros de la familia

Actividades que conforman una rutina diaria:


get up / have lunch / go to work / take the
bus, entre otras

Das de la semana

Expresiones de tiempo relacionadas a las


rutinas diarias

Preguntas Wh-

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ACTIVITIES

Search for vocabulary related to means of transport:

Bus
Car
Helicopter
Lorry
Motorcycle
Plane
Ship
Train
Van
Pic 29 (N/D, Transport Wordsearch)

Complete the table with vocabulary studied in class:


SEA TRANSPORT

AIR TRANSPORT

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

LAND TRANSPORT

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8.1. Using Transportation


When we want to describe the way we get from one place to another, we have different useful verbs
that can help us:

TAKE
E.g.

I TAKE the subway every morning.


Oscar TAKES the train to Rancagua.
We TAKE the plane early when we go to Arica.

DRIVE
E.g.

I DRIVE my car to work.


They DRIVE a van on vacation.

RIDE
E.g.

I RIDE my bike to class, I can save a lot of money and I exercise.


She RIDES her motorcycle to work, shes very cool!

WALK
E.g.

My brother WALKS to this restaurant, he lives around here.

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ACTIVITIES

Correct the verbs when necessary.

Example: I drive my scooter to school every day. - ride

a) My dad rides his car to work - _____________


b) My brother walks his scooter to work - ____________
c) I take the subway to go to AIEP Providencia - _____________
d) I drive a plane to get to Miami. - ______________
e) I am a student, so I drive the bus to AIEP San Joaqun every day - ______________
f) I ride my bike to AIEP San Joaqun every day - ______________
g) My father drives his horse to work in Colchagua - _________________

8.2. Daily routines


Daily routines are the activities we do every day as part of our lives. Here you have some typical activities:

Have breakfast

Take the bus / subway

Get to school

Study

Have a shower

Go to school

Go to the gym

Have lunch

Start work

Play a sport

Watch TV

Have dinner

Finish work

Do homework

Clean my room

Go to bed

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Take as an example Cristians routine:


Cristians Monday
I wake

up at 7AM every

morning. I

get

up

and have

shower.

I have a cup of coffee and eat toasts for breakfast, and I usually read the
newspaper.
I take the bus at 8AM. It takes me 15 minutes to get to AIEP. I have classes
every morning! Classes finish at about 3PM.
After classes I work from 6:30PM to 10:00PM. I work in a restaurant
downtown. I have dinner at the restaurant at 8:00 PM.
I walk back home from the restaurant and watch TV until midnight.
I go to bed at midnight.

Check () the activities that are part of your daily routine:


___ wake up at 7am

___ have classes

___ have a shower

___ do exercises

___ brush your teeth

___ study

___ read a book

___ work

___ have a cup of coffee and toasts

___ have dinner

___ read the newspaper

___ walk home

___ take the bus

___ watch TV

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8.3. Structures to describe daily routines


The Simple Present tense is the grammatical structure used to describe daily routines. Its basic arrangement
is:

AFFIRMATIVE
I
We

Subject

get up

at 6:30am every day.

have breakfast

very early on Saturdays.

verb

complement
Special cases

We add s on the verbs that follow she or he


She takes the subway

Have

Has

She reads the newspaper

Do

Does

She walks back home

Go

Goes

NEGATIVE
I

DONT

have breakfast

on weekends.

We

DONT

take the subway

to go to class.

Subject + DO / DOES NOT +

verb

complement

As you can see, the negative form is formed by DO or DOES + NOT. In the case of DOES, it is used when the
subject is HE - SHE IT (third person singular) and the verb doesnt have the s of the affirmative form.
She DOESNT drink coffee.
Joey DOESNT have lunch at the office.
It DOESNT rain much in Calama.

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INTERROGATIVE
DO

you

go running

on weekends?

DOES

Kelly

sleep late

on Saturdays?

DO / DOES

subject

verb

complement

The short answer would be:


Yes, I DO (go running on weekends) / No, I DONT (go running on weekends).
Yes, she DOES (sleep late on Saturdays) / No, she DOESNT (sleep late on Saturdays).
As you can see, questions start with the auxiliary DO or DOES, depending on your subject. Following
previous rules, HE SHE IT take the form DOES. In this case the verb doesnt have the s of the
affirmative form.
DOES Paula like chocolates?

Yes, she does. / No, she doesnt.

DOES Simon work at the hospital?

Yes, he does. / No, he doesnt.

8.4. Asking about specific information about routines.


To ask about specific information about routines, we use WH- questions (like what, when, where,
etc.) Here you have some examples:
WH-

USE

EXAMPLE

WHAT

Asking about an object (concrete or abstract).

What is your name?

WHEN

Asking about general time or moment.

When do you have English class?

WHERE

Asking about a place or position.

Where do they live?

WHICH

Asking about choice among different options.

Which color do you want? It can be blue, red or


yellow.

WHO

Asking about people (plural or singular).

Who calls you every morning?

WHY

Asking for reason.

Why do you get up so early on Sundays?

HOW

Asking about manner.

How does this camera work?

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ACTIVITIES

Read about Bryans daily routine and answer the questions:


Bryans week
Hi! I am Bryan. I wake up at 6:00 AM every morning. I get up, do Pilates for 45 minutes in the
living-room and then have a shower.
I make breakfast at 7:00 AM for me and my mother. I usually listen to the radio while I have
breakfast, which is usually orange juice and a sandwich.
I drive to work for an hour and I get to my office at about 9 AM. I have lots of things to do every
day.
I have lunch at 1:30 PM with some friends from work in the office. Lunch is 40 minutes.
I finish work at 4:00 PM. I go to the gym at 5:00 PM a StarGym near my house. I exercise for two
hours and then go home.
I dont have a TV, but I read every evening until about 11 at night. Then I go to bed.

a) What time does Bryan get up?


________________________________________________________________________
b) What does he have for breakfast?
________________________________________________________________________
c) Where does Bryan do Pilates?
________________________________________________________________________
d) How does he get to his office?
________________________________________________________________________

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e) Which gym does Bryan go to?


________________________________________________________________________
f) Who does Bryan have lunch with?
a) Bryan has
lunch with his
mother

b) Bryan has
lunch with his
friends from
work

c) Bryan has
lunch alone

g) When does he read?


_________________________________________________________________________
8.5. Specifying time information
The week has seven days. These are:

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday

Friday

WEEKDAYS

Saturday Sunday
WEEKEND

We can do many things during these seven days. Look at Stephanies routine schedule:
Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

Get up early!

Get up late at
noon!

Work late at
the restaurant!

Get up early!

Get up early!

6:00 am

6:00 am

No classes on
Tuesday!

Finish at
10:00pm

Zumba on
weekends
with Veronica
at noon.

Zumba on
weekends
with Veronica
at noon.

Have lunch
with friends at
2:00 pm on
Saturday

Have lunch
with family at
2:30 pm on
Sunday

No study on
the weekend!

No study on
the weekend!

6:00 am

Study one
hour on
weekdays!
Go to AIEP

Study one
hour on
weekdays!

Study one hour


on weekdays!

Study one
hour on
weekdays!

Study one
hour on
weekdays!

Go to AIEP

Go to AIEP

Go to AIEP

Classes finish
late today

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Gym at
4:00pm

Gym at
4:00pm

Gym at 8:00pm

Gym at
4:00pm

Gym at
4:00pm

Gym at
4:00pm

Gym at
4:00pm

Go every day!

Go every day!

Go every day!

Go every day!

Go every day!
Go every day!

Go every day!

Attention!
You say: on weekends on weekdays on Wednesday
Never in weekends

ACTIVITIES
After taking a look at Stephanies schedule, choose the correct alternative.

1. What does Stephanie do seven days a week?


a) She does Zumba seven days a week.
b) She gets up early seven days a week.
c) Sharon goes to the gym 7 days a week.
2. When does she meet her friend Veronica?
a) On weekends.
b) On weekdays.
c) Only on Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday.
3. What does she do only on weekdays?
a) She studies two hours a day on weekdays.
b) She goes to the gym 7 days a week.
c) She studies one hour on weekdays.
4. When does she have lunch with her family?
a) She has lunch with her family on Saturday.
b) She has lunch with her family on weekdays.
c) She has lunch with her family on Sunday.
5. When does Stephanie go to AIEP?
a) She goes on weekdays.
b) She goes on weekends.
c) She goes late.

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6. What does Stephanie not do on weekends?


a) Zumba
b) Study
c) Work
7. When does Stephanie work late?
a) On Monday.
b) On weekdays.
c) On Wednesday.
8. Which day does she not go to AIEP?
a) She does not go on Wednesday.
b) She does not go on Tuesday.
c) She does not go on Thursday.

8.6. Connecting ideas with so.


We use SO to indicate consequence or suppositions.
-

It is 9:00 am, so he is getting up - call him! (Im supposing that hes getting up).

It is midnight, so he is sleeping - do not call him. (Im supposing that because of the time)

She is taking a shower, so she cannot answer the phone. (As a consequence of what shes
doing right now, she cant answer the phone.)

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8.7. Family members

Important!
Grandad = Grandfather

This is your new familiy!

Granny = Grandmother
Mum = Mother

Richard

Beth

Lila

Dad = Father

Ann

Matt

Ben

Lucas

Vicky

Bea

Pic 30 (N/D, Family Members)

Richard and Beth are grandparents. They are Ann and Lilas father and mother.

Ann is married to Ben. They are Lucas, (you) and Vickys parents.

Lucas is your brother and Vicky is your sister.

Vicky is mum and dads daughter and Lucas is mum and dads son.

Lila is Anns sister. Lila is your aunt.

Matt is Lilas husband. He is your uncle.

Matt and Lila have a daughter. She is your cousin Bea.

Vicky and Bea are grand-daughters and Lucas is a grand-son. Their grandparents are

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

Richard and Beth.

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ACTIVITIES
Look at the Family Tree above and answer T (True) or F (False).

a) Ben is Matts uncle. ____


b) You are Beas cousin. ____
c) Lucas is Vickys sister. ____
d) Lila is your mother. ____
e) Bea is Vickys sister. ____
f) Bea is Lilas daughter. ____
g) Lucas is your cousin. ____
h) Beth is Richards sister. ____
i) Vicky is Lilas aunt. ____
j) Bea is Bens daughter. ____
k) Bea is Richard and Beths granddaughter ____
Answer the following questions.

Example:
-

Who are your parents?


My parents are Ben and Ann.

Whats your aunts name?


My aunts name is Lila.

a) Who is your cousin? ______________________________________________________


b) Whats your brothers name? _______________________________________________
c) Who is Lila? ____________________________________________________________
d) Whats your grandfathers name? ___________________________________________
e) Who is your grandmother? _________________________________________________
f) Whats your moms name? _________________________________________________
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EXTRA ACTIVITY !
Read the text and complete the definitions with intrinsic and extrinsic.
a. ______________ motivation is when we do things to please other people, to receive an award or to avoid
punishment.
b. ______________ motivation is when we do things to please ourselves.
WHAT MOTIVATES YOU?
There are two types of motivation: intrinsic and extrinsic.
Intrinsic motivation is personal, and comes from the satisfaction of doing a task well. It
comes from our personal goals, values and interests. This is what turns you on!
Extrinsic motivation comes from outside and is not as effective as intrinsic motivation.
External motivating factors can come from your parents such as getting money for
good grades or being grounded for bad grades or from your teachers, such as when
grade school kids get a gold star or a happy face for their work.
Intrinsic motivation is more effective than extrinsic motivation, so always try to focus
on intrinsic reasons for learning something, and try not to be affected by other peoples
goals, values and interests.

Read the statements. Do they show intrinsic (I) or extrinsic (E) motivation? Circle the best alternative.
a) I want to learn English so I can communicate with my friends in the USA.

I/E

b) I need to learn some dates to pass the history test.

I/E

c) My parents want me to learn to play the piano.

I/E

d) I want to study medicine so I can help sick people.

I/E

e) Learning English is important because it will help me get a job.

I/E

f) My friends say that I need to join a gym to get in shape.

I/E

Think of a goal you achieved and write about your motivation. Include the information below.
Your goal: _______________________________________________________________
Intrinsic motivation: ________________________________________________________

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Extrinsic motivation: _______________________________________________________


Reasons why you succeeded: _______________________________________________
What you learned in the process: _____________________________________________

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9. Aprendizaje esperado: Solicitan y entregan descripcin de casas y de cada habitacin en ella,


interactuando con terceros en variadas situaciones comunicativas escritas y orales, y haciendo
uso de estructuras lingsticas bsicas del idioma ingls adecuadas a distintos contextos
profesionales y coloquiales.

Contenidos:
-

Casas y departamentos: habitaciones y partes


dentro de ellos

Tiempo verbal Presente Simple

Mobiliario y electrodomsticos

Uso de las estructuras There is / There are

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9.1. The city


The city is usually divided into downtown and the suburbs.
Downtown: It is the central business area in a city. The Central Park, for example, is located
downtown, in New York City.
The suburbs: They are the areas around a city for residential purposes.

Houses and apartments and their composition


This is an apartment building

This is a house

Inside a house or apartment we find these places:

The bathroom

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The kitchen

The dining room

The living room

The bedroom

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9.2. Describing houses and apartments rooms


There is is used when you refer to the existence of one thing.

There is a (one) chair in the classroom.

Important!
We use some for positive
statements and we dont
know the exact amount of
something:

Negative:
- There is no chair in the classroom.
- There isnt a chair in the classroom.
There are is used when you refer to the existence of two or more things.

There are two chairs in the classroom.


There are some people in the classroom.

We use any for negative


statements:

Negative:

There arent any chairs (0


chairs)

There arent any chairs in the classroom.


There are no chairs in the classroom.

There are some


students in the classroom
(maybe 6,7,8,9 students)

9.3. Pieces of furniture and electric supplies


4
1

9
Pic 31 (Ramos, Things at
Home)

12
11
10

13

14
(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

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16

15

17

18
19

1. This is a bathtub

7. This is a wardrobe

14. This is a door

2. This is lamp

8. This is a computer

15. This is a bed

3. This is mirror

9. This is a fridge/refrigerator

16. This is a table

4. This an office chair

10. This is a stove

17. These are a shower and a

5. This is a bookcase

11. This is an armchair

bathtub

6. These are a desk and a

12. This is a microwave

18. This is a plant

chair

13. This is a chair

19. This is a toilet

ACTIVITIES

Classify the house items accordingly.

The kitchen

The bathroom

The bedroom

The dining-room

The living room

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What do we have in these apartments?


Apartment A

B
A
Apartment B

L
C

Apartment C

O
N
Y

Pic 32 (Sidi Beach, Apartments)

Look at the picture and complete with there is / there are, and the number of rooms accordingly.
Example:

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)

(Bedroom)

There is one bedroom in apartment A.

(Sofa)

There is no sofa in apartment B.

(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

(bathrooms) ________________ between apartments A and B.


(sofas) ______________ in apartment C.
(beds) ____________________ in total, in apartments A,B and C.
(tables) ____________________ in total, in apartments A,B and C.
(chairs) ____________________ in total, in apartments A,B and C.
(cookers) ___________________ in apartment C.
(plants) _____________________ in apartment C.
(bedrooms) ___________________ in total, in apartments A, B, and C.

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Complete the sentences with some or any accordingly.

a) There are ___________ chairs in the other room.


b) There arent __________ chairs in the other room.
c) There is ____________ food on the kitchens table.
d) There isnt __________ food on the kitchens table.
e) There are ____________ bedrooms in the hotel.
f) There arent ___________ in the hotel.

Look at the pictures and write four sentences according to the words given, using there is and there are in
their affirmative or negative forms and Prepositions of place (on, in, behind, next to, in front of, under) when
possible.

Pic 33 (MixHealth, Simple and Cozy Living Room


Decoration Ideas)

1. pictures

________________________________________________________.

2. coffee table ________________________________________________________.


(de la Rosa, Pajamas)

3. television

________________________________________________________.

4. refrigerators ________________________________________________________.

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Read the text and answer the questions.

LIVING ON STILTS

What are houses on stilts?


Some people who live near the sea, by lakes or rivers have very tall houses built on long
pieces of wood called stilts. These houses are at least two meters tall.
Why are houses built on stilts?
If there is a flood, houses on stilts remain above the water level so the families living in
them are safe. Also, houses on stilts help keep pests such as snakes and rats out of these
houses.
Where do you find these houses?
There are houses on stilts in many African countries as well as in Thailand, Nicaragua,
Northern Brazil and Southern Chile. There are also people who use the space
underneath to store things and as a shady place to work or relax during the day.
Are houses on stilts a new idea?
No! People built houses on stilts even in prehistoric times.
What is the future for these houses?
Extreme weather and floods are becoming increasingly common. Many experts think
that by 2080 most houses in the world will be on stilts.

1. Do all people who live near water have houses on stilts?


______________________________________________________________________________________
2. What other uses do these houses have, apart from protecting people from floods?
______________________________________________________________________________________
3. In your opinion, does a house on stilts have more benefits than a normal house? Why?
______________________________________________________________________________________

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10. Aprendizaje esperado: Interacta en distintas instancias comunicativas escritas y orales en las
que se describen y emiten opiniones sobre trabajos y profesiones, adaptando los esquemas
lgicos gramaticales y lxicos aprendidos durante el semestre y aplicndolos en contextos
laborales y coloquiales.

Contenidos:
-

Profesiones y oficios

Lugares de trabajo

Tiempo verbal Presente Simple

Uso de adjetivos que describen trabajos: boring /


easy / dangerous / exciting / stressful, entre
otros.

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10.1.

Professions and jobs

Professions and jobs are the occupations we have to make a living. Some examples are:

A fireman: a fireman puts out fire.


A police officer: a police officer keeps the streets safe.
An astronaut: an astronaut travels to space.
A doctor: a doctor heals people.
A lawyer: a lawyer defends people when injustice happens.
A teacher: a teacher teaches students, so they learn.
A cook/chef: a cook prepares delicious food.
A veterinarian: a veterinarian is the doctor of animals.
An architect: an architect designs and builds houses and buildings.
A hair stylist: a hair stylist works with peoples hair in different ways.
A construction worker: he builds houses and buildings.
A tour guide: a tour guide shows touristic places to foreigners.

Dont forget that to know about someones job or profession, we use the Simple Present tense:
What do you do?

Im a taxi driver.

What does Erika do?

Shes an accountant.

What do these people do in their jobs? Write simple sentences to describe one of their main functions:
A Sound Engineer

________________________________________________________

A nurse assistant

________________________________________________________

A mechanic

________________________________________________________

A massage therapist

________________________________________________________

A topographer

________________________________________________________

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A hotel receptionist

________________________________________________________

A fashion designer

________________________________________________________

A graphic designer

________________________________________________________

A personal trainer

________________________________________________________

A risk manager

________________________________________________________

An accountant

________________________________________________________

10.2.

Workplaces

Fire Station: where firemen train and work. They are always ready in case of a fire.
Police Station: where police officers work and prepare to protect the streets.
Space Center: where astronauts train and prepare to go out of space.
Hospital: where doctors work and save lives.
Tribunal/ Court: where lawyers work defending people.
School: where teacher teach students.
Restaurant: where cooks and chefs work preparing delicious food.
Veterinary Clinic: where veterinarians help sick animals.
Office: where people like architects work in their space.
Beauty center: where hairstylists can work with peoples hair in different styles.
Construction site: where workers are building houses, apartments, etc.
Dont forget that to know about the place where someone works, we use the Simple Present tense:
Where do you work?

I work in a hospital.

What does Felipe work?

He works in a restaurant, hes a chef.

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10.3.

Job characteristics.

Every job is different and people are different, too. So we can have different opinions about our or other
peoples jobs, according to our experience or what we have heard from them.

A job can be:


BORING

A boring job is not fun. Maybe you can even fall asleep!

EXITING

An exciting job can be pure adrenaline.

EASY

An easy job is a piece of cake! It doesnt take you much to learn how to do things.

DANGEROUS

A dangerous job can kill you or put you in risk.

SAFE

A safe job doesnt mean any danger to the people who do it.

STRESSFUL

A stressful job can make you sick. You always have too many things to do and it
drives you nuts!

Can you think of other adjectives that can help us describe jobs?

10.4.

_________________________

__________________________

_________________________

__________________________

Describing jobs.

You can describe jobs in two different ways: using HAVE or using TO BE.
E.g.

Melissa HAS a boring job.


Steve HAS an exciting job.

/
/

Melissas job IS boring.


Steves job IS exciting.

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ACTIVITIES

Match the jobs with the appropriate workplace

a) A doctor works in a

1.___ school

b) A veterinary works in a

2.___ beauty center

c) A teacher works in a

3.___ restaurant

d) A hair stylist works in a

4.___ hospital

e) A lawyer works in a

5.___ tribunal

f) A cook works in a

6.___ pet clinic

g) An astronaut works in a

7.___ space center

Complete the dialogue with the appropriate adjectives

Stressful - Boring Easy Dangerous - Exciting

Sue

: I like astronauts. Their job is so (1) ___________!

Bryan : It is exciting, but it is very (2) ____________! You can die.


Sue

: You are right. What about a cook? That is not complicated. I think it is (3) _______________.

Bryan : It can be very (4) ______________! You cook every daydoing the same thing.
Sue

: Yeah I dont like that. Not having a job is (5) ________________.

Bryan : I can imagine.

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What do you think of these jobs? Write sentences using HAVE or TO BE, and the adjectives you consider
more appropriate for each of them.
1.

2.

3.

1. _____________________________________________________________________.
2. _____________________________________________________________________.
3. _____________________________________________________________________.

Read the article and answer the questions.


3 Interesting and weird Jobs

Are you looking for a job? Here there is a list with some suggestions!
1. Chocolate consultant
This is the ultimate job for anyone with cravings for chocolate and yes, jobs
like this really exist. There are lots of different types of chocolate consultants,
who work tasting new mixtures and creating different recipes or finding
particular types of chocolate.

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2. Professional Sleeper
Typically, professional sleepers participate in university studies on sleep or
dreams, but others make sure beds are comfortable. In 2009 during an art
show at The New Museum of Contemporary Art, women were paid to sleep as
part of a living art exhibition. So if you like sleeping, this is the perfect job
for you!
3. Island Caretaker
This job was advertised as Officially the best job in the world in 2009 and
involved working for the Queensland Tourism Board. Ben Southall won the
job, earning 73,400 to live on an island in the Great Barrier Reef for six
months, swimming, exploring and generally enjoying himself while filming
and blogging about all the fun he was having.

1. What does an Island caretaker do?


_____________________________________________________________________________________
2. Why does the author mention an art exhibition?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
3. Do chocolate consultants make experiments with new ingredients?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
4. In your opinion what is the best job in the world? Why?
_____________________________________________________________________________________

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Answer Keys
Aprendizaje Esperado 1
I.
1. APPLE / Extra letter: P
4. EMAIL / Extra letter: A

2. LAPTOP / Extra letter: A


5. UNIFORM / Extra letter: E

3. ICEBERG /Extra letter: G

II.
1. One
7. Five

3. Six
9. Ten

5. Four
11. Zero

2. Three
8. Seven

III.
a) He is Mr. Burns

4. Two
10: Eight

b) She is Ms. Olivia Culpo

6. Nine

c) She is Mrs. Judi Dench

IV.
Informal: Are you Peter Stewart? Im David Solo - Peter, this is Lydia - Lydia, meet Peter - How are you, Peter?
General / Neutral: Im pleased to meet you - Mrs. Azocar, do you know Professor Stevens? - Hello, Im Lydia
Johansson
Formal: Im delighted to meet you, Professor. My name is Lydia Johansson - How do you do?
V.
a) Are am
g) Are is

b) isnt is
h) is isnt are

VI.
a) His is his

c) Are arent
d) Is isnt is
i) Are arent
j) is - is

b) her her

c) their are their

e) is is

d) his his

f) am

e) his his - is

Aprendizaje Esperado 2
I. (Possible Answers; they can vary)
A whiteboard - chairs - a computer - a projector - markers - an eraser - a laptop - windows - a wastebasket
II.
1. C

2. A

3. B

4. F

5. E

6. D

III.
a) these

b) this

c) these

d) these

e) this

f) this

IV.
a) a an

b) an

V.
1. is next to

2) is between

c) the

d) a a

3) is in front of

e) a

4) is behind

f) an

5) is on

g) the the

6) is in

h) a

7) is under

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Aprendizaje Esperado 3
I.
Canadian - Quebec - French - English - Canada
II.
a) mother tongues
III.
1. B

2. B

IV.
a) Albania
g) Iran
m) British

b) native

3. A

c) foreign

d) dialect

4. C

b) Afghanistan
h) Mexican Mexico
n) Australia

c) Belgian
i) Peruvian

d) Chilean
e) Brazil
f) German Germany
j) Vietnamese
k) Polish Poland
l) American

V.
England = English - Spain = Spanish - Turkey = Turkish - USA = English - Thailand = Thai - Russia = Russian
Italy = Italian - Egypt = Arabic - India = Hindi - France = French - Japan = Japanese - Australia = English
Germany = German - Haiti = French - China = Chinese - Argentina = Spanish
VI.
2. Australia Australian English
3. Thailand Thai Thai
4. Japan Japanese Japanese
5. England British English
6. United States / the US American English
7. Italy Italian Italian
8. Turkey Turkish Turkish
9. China Chinese Chinese
10. Spain Spanish Spanish
11. Bolivia Bolivian Spanish
12. Brazil Brazilian - Portuguese
VII.
1. A

2. B

VIII.
c) fourteen
k) 83
l) 1
t) eighty eight
IX.
a) Is

b) are

3. B

4. A

d) fifty
e) 15
m) nine

c) are

5. C

f) 47
n) 99

d) correct

6. B

7. C

g) 68
o) 100

e) is

8. A

h) seventy eight
p) 74
q) 74

f) correct

X. (Possible answers; they can vary)


- Luis is very quiet and short
- Alex is very friendly and handsome
- Rosita is funny and short
- Shirley is talkative and beautiful

g) are

i) twelve
r) 46

h) are

j) thirty nine
s) thirty seven

i) correct

- Anna is very shy and pretty


- Mario is funny and a little heavy

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XI. (Possible answers; they can vary)


1. How old is she / Gisele?
2. What is she like?
4. What color are her eyes?
XII.
1. brunette

2. serious / smart

3. Where is she from?

3. Heavy / lazy

Aprendizaje Esperado 4
I.
Clothes exclusively for men: shirt, tie
Neutral: Shorts, t-shirt, sneakers, jeans, socks, coat, shoes, hat, boots, pajamas, sweater, gloves
Clothes exclusively for women: blouse, high heels, skirt, dress, swimming suit
II.
1. Purple

2. Blue

3. Light green

4. Yellow

5. Orange

6. Red

III.
a) The Arsenal t-shirt is white, red and purple
b) The All Backs t- shirt is black and white
c) The Chilean football t-shirt is red and white
d) The Croatian football t-shirt is red, white and blue
e) The Italian football t-shirt is blue, white and red

IV. (possible answers; they can vary)


1. Helenna is wearing a light purple dress, white sunglasses and purple high heels.
2. Mark is wearing a blue t-shirt, navy blue pants, black shoes and a navy blue cap.
3. Jean is wearing a brown coat, black pants, black gloves and black shoes.
4. Sun Hee is wearing a white blouse, a pink sweater, white and green shorts, yellow socks and white sneakers.

V.
a) She is living in her boyfriends house
b) Arturo has his brothers socks
c) You have your mothers eyes
d) We are at Beths party
e) It is Cachupins toy
f) It is my grandmothers dress

VI. (Possible answers, they can vary)


1. One of the bad effects is the disrespect to other people.
2. Because they dont want to be out of style.
3. Your opinion
4. Your opinion

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VII.
1. b

2. A

3. b

Aprendizaje Esperado 5
I.
a) F

b) F

c) F

d) T

e) T

f) T

g) T

h) F

i) F

j) F

II.
1. Sao Paulos summer is very hot / humid / sunny
2. Antarcticas winter is extremely cold / cool
3. Aricas spring is quite warm / hot / sunny
4. Rancaguas fall is very windy / cloudy / cool

III.
a) and

b) but

c) but

d) and

e) and

f) and

g) and but

h) but

i) but

IV.
Your word spiders

V.
1. In Beijing

2. In New York

3. Your opinion

4. Your opinion

Aprendizaje Esperado 6
I. (Possible answers; they may vary)
a) it is eleven oclock in the morning
c) it is twenty past nine in the morning
e) it is twenty five after three in the afternoon
g) it is twenty past eight in the evening
i) it is half past four in the afternoon

II.
1. Its six forty five
3. Its five after two
5. Its twelve oclock
7. Its a quarter after nine

b) it is eleven oclock at night


d) it is five past twelve at night
f) it is twenty five to four in the morning / at night
h) it is twenty to seven in the morning

2. Its five to three


4. Its ten to five
6. Its three twenty
8. Its twenty after eleven

III.
1. People think you are rude, irresponsible and disrespectful
2. You can be a good example being on time
3. Because they dont waste time and always do things.

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4. Your opinion

Aprendizaje Esperado 7
I.
a) Shes having lunch

b) Were running

c) The students are reading

d) Thomas is riding a bike

II.
a) You are practicing karate
d) I am driving a car

b) She is eating breakfast


e) You are learning English

c) We are wearing pajamas

III.
a) I am not working today
d) We are not dancing tango

b) They are not travelling around Asia


e)You are not studying too much

c) He is not eating empanadas

IV.
a) Are they travelling around Africa?
b) Are we dancing with the stars?
d) Is he wearing a blue coat and yellow jeans?
e) Is it raining?

c) Is she working very hard?

V.
1. F Theyre walking Paco
5. F- Alicia is flying a kite

2. F Hes riding his bike


6. T

3. F Juan is sleeping

4. T

Aprendizaje Esperado 8
I.

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II. (Answers may vary)


SEA TRANSPORT: ship, boat, cruise.
AIR TRANSPORT: helicopter, plane, hot air balloon.
LAND TRANSPORT: bus, car, train.
III.
a) drives

b) rides

c) correct

d) take

e) take

f) correct

g) rides

IV.
a) Bryan gets up at 6:00 AM.
b) He has orange juice and a sandwich.
c) He does Pilates in the living-room.
d) He drives.
e) He goes to StarGym.
f) b
g) He reads in the evenings.
V.
1. c
VI.
a) F

2. a

b) T

3. c

c) F

4. c

d) F

5. a

6. b

e) F

f) T

7. c

g) F

8. B

h) F

VII.
a) My cousin is Bea
b) My brothers name is Lucas
d) My grandfathers name is Richard
e) My grandmother is Beth

VIII.
a) Extrinsic

b) Intrinsic

IX.
a) I

c) E

b) E

d) I

e) I

i) F

j) F

k) T

c) Lila is my aunt
f) My mums name is Ann.

f) E

X.
Your own answers

Aprendizaje Esperado 9
I.
The kitchen: the refrigerator, the stove, the microwave, the table, the door.
The bathroom: the bathtub, the mirror, the shower, the toilet, the door.
The bedroom: the lamp, the bed, the computer, the desk, the chair, the wardrobe, the door.
The dining-room: the table, the chairs.
The living-room: the book case, the lamp, the armchair, the plant.
II.
a) there are two bathrooms
e) there sixteen chairs

b) there is one sofa


f) there is one stoves

c) there are seven beds


g) there are no plants

d) there are four tables


h) there are four bedrooms

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III.
a) some

b) any

c) some

d) any

IV.
1. There are some pictures on the wall.
3. There is no television in the room.

e) some

f) any

2. There is a coffee table in front of the sofa.


4. There arent any refrigerators

V. (Possible answers; they can vary)


1. No, only some people.
2. The houses keep animals out, people can store things underneath the house.
3. Your opinion

Aprendizaje Esperado 10
I. (Possible answers; they can vary)
A sound engineer records and edits the sounds an artist makes
A nurse takes care of patients in a hospital
A mechanic fixes cars
A massage therapist makes gives massages and help people relax
A topographer creates representations of pieces of land through surveys
A hotel receptionist answers the phone and gives information to passengers
A fashion designer designs clothes
A graphic designer designs flyers, catalogs, pamphlets, etc.
A personal trainer helps people keep fit and healthy.
A risk manager helps people to keep safe from danger
An accountant examines and keeps financial records in a company
II.
a) 4

III.
1. Exciting

b) 6

c) 1

d) 2

2. Dangerous

e) 5

3. Easy

f) 3

4. Boring

g) 7

5. Stressful

IV. (Possible answers; they can vary)


1. A flight attendant has an exciting job
2. A photographers job is very easy
3. A police officers job is very dangerous

V.
1. An island caretaker explores films and shares the information about the island.

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2. Because he or she wants to give an example of a professional sleepers duty.


3. Yes, they do.
4. Your opinion.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

- Richards, Jack. Interchange, Third Edition. Intro Students Book with Self-study Audio CD (2004). Cambridge
University Press.
- Murphy, Raymond. Essential Grammar in Use, Third Edition, Cambridge University Press.

Pictures:
1. N/D. (Designer). Lindas Blog [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://look-bothways.org/blogs/blog/archive/2007/06/07/962.aspx
2. Matt
,
G.
(Designer).
Mr.
Burns
[Web
Drawing].
Retrieved
from
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_EiDMUQzBX7g/Su2MaP7fBI/AAAAAAAACHE/s5s7XtlxJNc/s400/MrBurns.jpg
3. Wehrhahn, M. (Photographer). Miss Earth Chile [Web Photo]. Retrieved from
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4. N/D.
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5. N/D.
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7. N/D. (Photographer). Augusto Schuster y Mariana Di Girolamo [Web Photo]. Retrieved from

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8. N/D.
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10. Clipart.
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Vicerrectora Acadmica
Cuaderno de Apuntes 2015

13. N/D.
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14. Barrera,
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15. N/D.
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16. Drmjschiro.
(Artist).
Colorful
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17. Footy Headlines. (2013). Arsenal 14-15 Puma Home Kit [Web Photo]. Retrieved from
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18. Adidas. (Producer). (2013). All Blacks T-shirt [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.ryos.co.nz/allblacks-kids-rugby-shirt-short-sleeve-2013.html
19. Puma.
(Producer).
Chilean
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20. Nike. (Producer). (2013). Croatian Football T-shirt [Web Photo]. Retrieved from
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21. Puma. (Producer). (2013). Italian Football T-shirt [Web Photo]. Retrieved from
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22. The 10 Runway Trends Youll be Wearing this Spring [Web Photo by Imaxtree]. (2015). Retrieved
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23. Top Mens Summer Fashion Trends [Web Photo]. (2012).
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24. Fashion Trends Spring 2015 Men Fashion Week [Web Photo by Getty] (2014). Retrieved from
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25. Preppy in Hong Kong [Kryz]. (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.chictopia.com/photo/show/701822Preppy+in+Hong+Kong-forest-green-ministry-of-retail-shorts-navy-keds-sneakers
26. N/D. (Artist). (2012, September 04). Seasons [Web Drawing]. Retrieved from
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27. C/D.
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28. N/D.
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IMAGEND
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29. N/D.
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30. N/D.
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106

Vicerrectora Acadmica
Cuaderno de Apuntes 2015

31. Ramos, M. (Artist). (2008, March 25). Things at Home [Web Drawing]. Retrieved from
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32. Sidi
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(2010).
Apartments
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33. MixHealth (Designer). Simple and Cozy Living Room Decoration Ideas [Web Photo]. Retrieved from
http://mixhealth.com/how-to-decorate-your-living-room/

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107