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A method for the design of Fast Haar wavelet for signal processing & image processing has been proposed. In the proposed work, the analysis bank and synthesis bank of Haar wavelet is modified by using polyphase structure. Finally, the Fast Haar wavelet was designed and it satisfies alias free and perfect reconstruction condition. Computational time and computational complexity is reduced in Fast Haar wavelet transform.
Keywords- computational complexity, Haar wavelet, perfect reconstruction, polyphase components, Quardrature mirror filter.

A method for the design of Fast Haar wavelet for signal processing & image processing has been proposed. In the proposed work, the analysis bank and synthesis bank of Haar wavelet is modified by using polyphase structure. Finally, the Fast Haar wavelet was designed and it satisfies alias free and perfect reconstruction condition. Computational time and computational complexity is reduced in Fast Haar wavelet transform.
Keywords- computational complexity, Haar wavelet, perfect reconstruction, polyphase components, Quardrature mirror filter.

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Vol. 7, No. 1, 2010

Processing

V.Ashok T.Balakumaran C.Gowrishankar

Department of BME, Department of ECE Department of EEE

Velalar College of Engg.&Tech. Velalar College of Engg.&Tech Velalar College of Engg.&Tech

Erode, India – 638012. Erode, India – 638012 Erode, India – 638012

- -

Department of ECE, Department of EEE,

PSG College of Technology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology,

Coimbatore, Sathyamangalam,

TamilNadu, India TamilNadu, India

Abstract- A method for the design of Fast Haar wavelet for According to the applications, the biomedical

signal processing & image processing has been proposed. In researchers have large number of wavelet functions from

the proposed work, the analysis bank and synthesis bank of which to select the one that most closely fits to the

Haar wavelet is modified by using polyphase structure. specific application. Wavelet theory has been successfully

Finally, the Fast Haar wavelet was designed and it satisfies applied to a number of biomedical problems [3-5]. Many

alias free and perfect reconstruction condition.

applications such as image compression, signal & image

Computational time and computational complexity is

reduced in Fast Haar wavelet transform.

analysis are dependent on power availability. In this

paper, a method for design of Haar wavelet for low power

Keywords- computational complexity, Haar wavelet, application is proposed. The main idea of this proposed

perfect reconstruction, polyphase components, Quardrature method is the decimated wavelet coefficients are not

mirror filter. computed. This makes the conservation of power and

reduces the computation complexity. The Haar wavelet

I. INTRODUCTION which makes the low power design is simple and fast. The

The wavelet transform has emerged as a cutting edge proposed design approach introduces more savings of

technology, within the field of signal & image analysis. power.

Wavelets are a mathematical tool for hierarchically This paper organised as follows. In Section II, the

decomposing functions. Though routed in approximation existing Haar wavelet is introduced. In section III presents

theory, signal processing, and physics, wavelets have also Haar wavelet analysis bank reduction. In section IV

recently been applied to many problems in computer presents Haar wavelet synthesis bank reduction. In section

graphics including image editing and compression, V presents Haar wavelet and Fast Haar wavelet

automatic level-of-detailed controlled for editing and experimental results are shown as graphical output

rendering curves and surfaces, surface reconstruction from representation to the signal and image processing and we

contours and fast methods for solving simulation conclude this paper with section VI.

problems in 3D modeling, global illumination and

animation [1]. II. HAAR WAVELET STRUCTURE

field of study the multi-resolution analysis. Wavelet

theory can determine the nature and relationship of the

frequency and time by analysis at various scales with

good resolutions.

Time-Frequency approaches were obtained with the

help of Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT). For the

better time (or) frequency resolution (but not both) can be

determined by individual preference (or) convenience

rather than by necessity of the intrinsic nature of the Fig. 1 Two channel wavelet structure

signal, the wavelet analysis gives the better resolution [2].

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Vol. 7, No. 1, 2010

channel perfect reconstruction (PR) filter bank [6]. A filter

bank is a set of filters, which are connected by sampling From Quadrature Mirror Filter by [7], analysis filters

operators. Fig.1 shows an example of a two-channel filter are chosen as follows

bank applied by one dimensional signal. d(n) is an input

signal and dR(n) is reconstructed signal. In the analysis B0 ( Z ) = B ( Z ) ↔ b ( n ) (5)

bank, b0(n) is a analysis low pass filter and b1(n) is a B1 ( Z ) = B (− Z ) ↔ (−1) b(n) n

(6)

analysis high pass filter. However in practice, the

responses overlap, and decimation of the sub-band Transfer function B(Z) of an LTI system can

signals, which are results in aliasing. The fundamental decomposed into its polyphase components[9] .

theory of the QMF bank states that the aliasing in the

output signal dR(n) can be completely canceled by the B(Z) can be decomposed into

proper choice of the synthesis bank [7]. In the synthesis

∑λ

M −1 −λ

bank, a0(n) is the reconstruction low pass filter(LPF) and B0 (Z ) = Z Bλ (Z M

) (7)

=0

a1(n) is the reconstruction high pass filter (HPF). Low

In Haar Wavelet M=2

pass analysis coefficients of Haar Wavelet is .

High pass analysis coefficients of Haar Wavelet is So Low pass filter & High pass filter is

Wavelet is . High pass synthesis coefficients of B1 ( Z ) = B00 ( Z 2 ) − z −1 B01 ( Z 2 ) (9)

III. HAAR WAVELET ANALYSIS BANK REDUCTION

Like

an input signal, d0(n) is an low pass output of d(n) and

d1(n) is high pass output of input signal.

For simplicity write in Z domain

Fig. 3 Modified analysis bank structure

Components presents

D 0 (Z ) = 1

2 [D (Z 1/ 2

)B0 (Z 1/2

)] (3)

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Vol. 7, No. 1, 2010

A( Z ) = ∑λ =0 Z − λ Aλ ( Z M )

M −1

(16)

A 0 ( Z ) = A 00 ( Z 2 ) + z − 1 A 01 ( Z 2 ) (17)

−1

A1 ( Z ) = − A 00 ( Z ) + z A01 ( Z )

2 2

(18)

Fig. 4 Fast Haar wavelet analysis bank

DR ( Z ) = A 00 ( Z )[ D0 ( Z 2 ) − D1 ( Z 2 )] + z −1 A01 ( Z 2 )[ D0 ( Z 2 ) + D1 ( Z 2 )]

Shifting the down sampler to the input bring reduction (19)

in the computational complexity of factor 2 along with it.

Fig.4 shows Fast Haar wavelet analysis structure Up sampler at the input of the synthesis filter bank will

compared to original Haar wavelet structure, Number of moved to output. So Eq.(19) can be drawn by

arithmetic calculations are reduced in Fast Haar wavelet

structure. But using above method computational

complexity [10] reduced in less than quarter of original

computational complexity.

Fig. 6 Modified synthesis bank structure

In Haar wavelet b00(n) = a00(n)=

is low pass input signal, d1(n) is high pass input signal and

dR(n) is reconstructed signal

For simplicity write in Z domain

DR ( Z ) = A0 ( Z ) D0 ( Z 2 ) + A1 ( Z ) D1 ( Z 2 ) (13)

From Quadrature Mirror Filter by [8] at perfect Fig. 7 Fast Haar wavelet synthesis bank

reconstruction, filters are chosen as follows

Combining Fig.4 & Fig.7, Fast Haar Wavelet

A0 ( Z ) = 2 B ( Z ) ↔ 2 b ( n ) (14) Structure is obtained. Compared to Fig.2, Number of

Mathematical calculations are reduced in Fast Haar

Wavelet Structure is shown in Fig.8.

A1 ( Z ) = − A( − Z ) = −2 B ( − Z ) ↔ 2( −1) n+1 b ( n ) (15)

128 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/

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Vol. 7, No. 1, 2010

Detail data

3

Original Haar wavelet

2.5 Fast Haar wavelet

1.5

A m plitude

0.5

-0.5

Fig. 8 Fast Haar wavelet structure

-1

V. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS

-1.5

The results of applying, for one subject, which the

-2

signal is taken from laser based noninvasive Doppler 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

indigenous developed equipment, the novel Fast Haar Time Period

wavelet with approximation data are shown in Fig.9

Fig. 10 Results of detail data compared to existing and Proposed Fast

shows that difference between original haar wavelet and

Haar wavelet Transform.

Fast haar wavelet are matched well. The Error rate

between existing and proposed Fast Haar wavelet at -

Error Signal

90dB are shown in Fig. 11. -80

Approximation Error

Approximation data Detail Error

-100

60.5

Original Haar wavelet

60 Fast Haar wavelet -120

59.5

Error(in db)

-140

59

-160

Amplitude

58.5

-180

58

57.5 -200

57 -220

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Time Period

56.5

Fig. 11 Results of Error rate compared to existing and Proposed Fast

56 Haar wavelet Transform

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Time Period

We have checked our proposed method in image

Fig. 9 Results of approximation data compared to existing and Proposed

Fast Haar wavelet Transform. processing also. Lowpass output was obtained by applying

original Haar wavelet and proposed Fast Haar wavelet.

Similarly from the same novel Fast Haar wavelet with Fig.12(a) shows Lena image, Fig.12(b) shows lowpass

detail data are shown in Fig.10 shows that difference image of lena by applying original Haar wavelet transform

between original Haar wavelet and Fast Haar wavelet are and Fig.12(c) shows lowpass image by applying Fast Haar

matched well. The Error rate between existing and wavelet transform. Fig.12(d) shows difference between

proposed Fast Haar wavelet at -160dB to -220dB are Fig.12(b) & Fig.12(c) From the Fig.12(d), it is clearly

shown in Fig.11. visible difference value for all coefficients are less.

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AUTHORS PROFILE

Electronics And Communication Engineering

from Bharathiyar University, Coimbatore in

2002 and the Master degree in Process

Control And Instrumentation Engineering

form Annamalai University, Chidambaram in

2005. Since then, he is working as a Lecturer

in Velalar College of Engineering and

(a) (b) Technology (Tamilnadu), India. Presently he is a Part time

(external) Research Scholar in the Department of Electrical

Engineering at Anna University, Chennai (India). His fields of

interests include Medical Electronics, Process control and

Instrumentation and Neural Networks.

degree in Electronics and Communication

Engineering from Bharathiyar University,

Coimbatore in 2003 and the Master degree

in Applied Electronics from Anna

(c) (d) University, Chennai in 2005. Since then, he

Fig.12 Comparison of Fast haar wavelet with original Haar wavelet is working as a Lecturer in Velalar College

a) Lena image (b) Lowpass of Lena image by original Haar wavelet of Engineering and Technology

(c) Lowpass of Lena image by Fast Haar wavelet

(Tamilnadu), India. Presently he is a Part time (external) Research

(d) Difference between lowpass output by original Haar wavelet &

Scholar in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Anna

Fast Haar wavelet

University, Coimbatore (India). His fields of interests include

Image Processing, Medical Electronics and Neural Networks.

VI. CONCLUSION

This work presents a novel Fast Haar wavelet Mr.C.Gowri Shankar received the B.E

estimator, for application to biosignals such as Electrical and Electronics Engineering from

noninvasive doppler signals and medical images. . In this Periyar University in 2003 and M.E Applied

paper, signals and images are decomposed and electronics from Anna University, Chennai

in 2005. Since 2006, he has been a Ph.D.

reconstructed by Haar wavelet transform without candidate in the same university. His

convoution. The proposed method allows for the dynamic research interests are Multirate Signal

reduction of power and computational complexity than Processing, Computer Vision, Medical

the conventional method.The error rate between the Image Processing, and Pattern Recognition. Currently, he is

conventional and the proposed method was reduced in the working in Dept of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Velalar

College of Engineering and Technology, Erode.

signal and image procesing.

REFERENCES Dr.ILA.Vennila received the B.E Degree in

Electronics and Communication

[1] Eric J.stollnitz, Tony D.Derose and david H.Salesin, Wavelets for Engineering from Madras University,

computer graphics – theory and applications book, Morgan Chennai in 1985 and ME Degree in

kaufmann publishers, Inc.San Francisco California Communication System from Anna

[2] O. Rioul and M. Vetterli , ‘Wavelets and Signal Processing’, IEEE university, Chennai in 1989. She obtained

Signal Processing Mag, pp 14–18, Oct 1991. Ph. D. Degree in Digital Signal Processing

[3] Fig.liola and E. Serrano, ‘Analysis of physiological time series from PSG Tech, Coimbatore in 2006.

using wavelet transforms,’ IEEE Eng. Med. Biol, pp 74 – 80, Currently she is working as Assistant Professor in EEE

May/June 1997. Department, PSG Tech and her experience started from 1989; she

published about 35 Research Articles in National, International

[4] Aldroubi and M.A. Unser, Eds , Wavelets in Medicine and Biology. Conferences National and International journals. Her area of

[5] P. Salembier, ‘Morphological multiscale segmentation for image interests includes Digital Signal Processing, Medical Image

coding,’ Signal Process, vol. 38, pp. 359–386, 1994. processing, Genetic Algorithm and fuzzy logic

[6] P.P. Vaidyanathan , ‘Multirate Systems and Filter Banks,’

Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1993. Dr.A.Nirmalkumar. A, received the

[7] P.P.Vaidyanathan; Quadrature Mirror filter banks, M band B.Sc.(Engg.) degree from NSS College of

extensions and Perfect Reconstruction Techniques. IEEE ASSP Engineering, Palakkad in 1972,

Magazine, Vol 4, pp 4-20, July 1987. M.Sc.(Engg.) degree from Kerala

[8] J.H.Rothweiler: polyphase, Quadrature filters – A new subband University in 1975 and completed his Ph.D.

coding technique. IEEE ICASSP’83, pp.1280-1283, 1983 degree from PSG Tech in 1992. Currently,

[9] R.E.crochiere,L.R.Rabiner: Multirate Digital signal processing. he is working as a Professor and Head of

Englewood Cliffs:prientice hall,1983. the Department of Electrical and

Electronics Engineering in Bannari Amman

[10] M.J.T Smith, T.P.Barnwell III: A Procedure for designing exact Insititute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Tamilnadu, India. His

Reconstruction filter banks for tree structured Sub-band Coders. fields of Interest are Power quality, Power drives and control and

Proc IEEE ICASSP’84, pp.27.1.1-27.1.4, March 1984. System optimization.

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