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National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST)

VISION
" A Progressive Philippines Anchored on Science"
MISSION
To recognize exemplary science and technology achievements among the young and among peers.
To encourage individual Academy members to continue their own scholarly pursuits thereby making the Academy the
principal reservoir of scientific and technological expertise in the nation.
To provide independent and science-based advice on problems facing the nation and the world.
To link with like-minded institutions and individuals in promoting scientific achievement in the Philippines and abroad.
To promote a strong science culture in Philippine society.
MANDATE
To recognize outstanding achievements in Science and Technology as well as provide meaningful incentives to those
engaged in Scientific and Technological Researches (Presidential Decree 1003-A).
To advise the President and the Cabinet on matters related to Science and Technology (Executive Order No. 818).
To engage in projects and programs designed to recognize outstanding achievements in science and to promote scientific
productivity (Executive Order No. 818).
To embark on programs traditionally and internationally expected of an academy of science (Executive Order No. 818).
To manage, operate and maintain the Philippine Science Heritage Center (Republic Act 9107).
ORGANNIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
The officers of the Academy who are elected by the general membership from the members of the Executive Council consist
of the President, the Vice-President, and the Secretary. They are referred to as the Executive Council. The general
administration and direction of the affairs of the Academy are vested in seven members appointed by yhe President of the
Philippine for a three-year term. The Executive Council Meeting is held every second thursday of the month.
A Director heads the NAST Secretariat, which implements decisions of the Executive Council and attends day-to-day affairs
of the Academy. The Secretariat is composed of two division, namely: Technical Services Division and Finance
Administrative Division.
The Academy is an attached agency of the Department of Science and Technology
Ateneo School of Government (ASOG)
The Ateneo School of Government or the ASoG started out as a unit under the Graduate School of Business in 1996 and was
formally established as an autonomous academic unit in 2001. Since its beginnings, the ASoG has been faithful to its mission of
working with effective and ethical public servants to build prosperous and just communities throughout the Philippines.
As a professional school for leadership and public service, the School creates an environment that fosters the development of
new ideas and approaches, and makes possible a learning process that bridges the gap between classroom wisdom and real-world
policy decision-making and governmenance.
THE SCHOOL'S OVERARCHING VISION IS "TRANSFORMING COMMUNITIES, BUILDING A NATION". IT FOLLOWS A
'MOSAIC' APPROACH OF
1. Helping to build the country community by community, municipality by municipality, city by city, province by province,
until the School establishes partnerships with 1,000 local government units (a critical mass of 60 percent of LGUs in the
country);
2.

Linking islands of good governance - an explicit strategy to link effective and ethical leaders throughout the country;

3.

Stimulating public demand for reform - a 'demand-side' strategy based on experiencing good governance at the local level;

4.

Encouraging the emergence of new national leaders by training and giving support to promising executives from local
governments; and

5.

Working with national institutions and organizations to promote governance innovations at the national level that can have a
direct impact on enabling local governments to create wealth and deliver basic services.

6.

The School draws from the intellectual resources of the Ateneo de Manila University, as well as from the Ateneos many
years of social apostolate and interaction with the countrys decision-makers and basic sectors. In recent years, the ASoG also
has become adept at regional-level work.
DEAN: Antonio G. M. La Via, J.S.D.

SUBSECTIONS:
1. Ateneo Graduate School of Business
2. Ateneo Law School
3. Ateneo School of Government
4. Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of
growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in more than 170 countries and territories, we offer global
perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations.
Our Goals
In the Philippines, UNDP fosters human development for peace and prosperity. Working with central and local Governments
as well as civil society, and building on global best practices; UNDP strengthens capacities of women, men and institutions to
empower them to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the objectives of the Philippine Development
Plan. Through advocacy and development projects, with a special focus on vulnerable groups, UNDP works to ensure a better
life for the Filipino people
UNDP has been working to improving the lives of the Filipino people since 1965, and has been committed to helping the
country achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as well as national development priorities as set out in the
Philippine Development Plan.
The Standard Basic Assistance Agreement (SBAA), signed on 21 July 1977, provided an early framework for UNDPs work
in the country as well as the ongoing legal basis for UNDPs operations in the Philippines.
What do we want to accomplish?
UNDPs Country Programme (2012-2016), developed in partnership with and agreed by the Philippine Government, is
designed around the pursuit of inclusive growth that reduces poverty, including the achievement of the MDGs, with a special
focus on social development, good governance, peace and environment and natural resources. It is based on and supports the
achievement of the national priorities as reflected in the Philippine Development Plan 2011-2016.
The country programme contributes to the UNDAF outcomes on universal access to quality social services, with focus on the
Millennium Development Goals, democratic governance, conflict prevention and peace building and womens
empowerment, and resilience to disasters and climate change.
UNDPs overall approach is to strengthen capacities of local governments and communities in democratic governance,
poverty, disparity and vulnerability reduction, sustainable management of environment and natural resources, and climate
change adaptation and disaster risk management, while ensuring that human rights and gender are integrated into local
policies, processes, programmes and budgets. Complementary actions at the national and policy levels will be undertaken to
contribute to a more conducive enabling environment for local interventions. To reflect the complex and multi-sectoral nature
of the development challenges of the country, UNDP is pursuing convergence in its programme and developing cross-practice
activities such as the Poverty-Environment Initiative, Security Sector Reform, Environmental Justice and Improved Local
Governance for HIV Response.
What are our results?
Achieving the MDGs and Reducing Human Poverty
The 2010 Philippine MDGs Progress Report shows that despite improvements in gender equality, child mortality and malaria,
the overall MDG situation is not encouraging. Further, growing poverty levels and disparities in urban and rural development
are both troubling. In response, UNDP is focusing its assistance at local levels and towards empowering marginalized
populations. Ten Provincial MDG Progress Reports, with information from UNDP-supported Community Based Monitoring
System (CBMS), have provided valuable data and analysis to local governments, allowing them to address gaps in
development while also engaging local populations.
Emphasizing inclusive development and participatory governance, UNDP successfully supported the inclusion of an ethnicity
variable in the 2010 national census for the first time ever an important step in better addressing minority and indigenous
groups. UNDP is also involving more stakeholders in the development process through innovative public-private

partnerships, like one with Western Union, which will create a funding mechanism to tap the huge potential of remittances of
overseas Filipinos for local and sustainable development.
Fostering Democratic Governance
UNDP advocates for integrity in governance and promotes a human rights based approach (HRBA) to policy and planning.
The HRBA Toolkit builds on UNDPs work with key government agencies on integrating HRBA into the 2011-2016
Philippine Development Plan. Linking justice and the environment, UNDP also assisted in codifying the Rules of Procedure
for Environmental Justice that defends vulnerable sectors against unfair development and environmental aggressions. UNDP
supported trainings for more than 600 justice sector personnel on these rules to ensure that cases are decided in a fair and
timely manner.
Good governance requires citizens participation and engagement. The Anti-Red Tape Act Report Card and the Citizens
Guide for Public Finance and Procurement Manual, both supported by UNDP, provide the public with the information
necessary to monitor and encourage transparency in government processes, delivery of services, and infrastructure
construction. To advocate for greater public participation, UNDP supports and organizes conferences like Re:Publiko. This
week-long knowledge-sharing event offered 2,500 people, mostly youth sector, the opportunity to learn about the challenges
to good governance, and encouraged them to hold leaders accountable, participate in public discourse, and be more engaged.
Crisis Prevention and Recovery
UNDP works with the government and civil society partners in promoting an enabling policy environment for peace. UNDP
strengthens national capacity to integrate conflict prevention and peace-building in development planning and has
spearheaded the formulation of a peace-based monitoring and evaluation tool to assess sustainability of peace efforts. These
activities are applied to critical peace issues such as security sector reform and the role of women in peace-building.
In Mindanao, UNDPs support has evolved from emergency relief assistance following the Peace Agreement between the
Philippine government and the Moro National Liberation Front in 1996 to capacity-building for former combatants and
confidence-building among various sectors and faiths. As a pioneer in community-based peace building, UNDP has
supported 278 Peace and Development Communities (PDCs) in transforming from conflict-affected areas to peaceful,
resilient communities that promote the reintegration of former combatants, advance dialogue and resolution of conflicts,
foster development through delivery of basic services, and support livelihoods. In the typhoon-affected Bicol region, UNDP
has helped 60 communities recover from disasters by relocating them to safer areas and providing shelter, electricity, potable
water connections, and livelihood options.
Environment and Energy
Changing climate patterns have resulted in more powerful storms affecting larger portions of the country for longer periods of
time. This highlights the need to for local government units (LGUs) across the nation to share knowledge and risk mitigation
techniques. UNDP supported the passage of the Climate Change Act in 2009 that created the Climate Change Commission.
UNDP was also an early supporter of the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 that provides for
the institutionalization and implementation of risk assessment, awareness, preparedness, and early warning and recovery.
UNDP has spearheaded efforts at generating risk-profile assessments and data for use in preparedness planning. The Hazard
Mapping and Assessment for Effective Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (READY) project has produced multihazard maps in the 27 most vulnerable eastern coastal provinces. Local governments and communities have begun to use
these maps to help inform land use, risk management, and disaster response plans. The Climate Change Academy in Albay,
launched in 2010, is an important institution that will serve as a knowledge repository for local governments and civil society
to share and improve on their disaster management and climate change adaptation plans and experiences.
HIV and AIDS
Despite efforts to stop the spread of HIV, infection rates are still increasing rapidly in the country. The Philippines is 1 of only
7 countries in the world where HIV prevalence has increased by more than 25% between 2001 and 2009. UNDP is
developing leadership capacities of government institutions and community groups to strengthen sustainable local AIDS
responses for the most-at-risk groups. UNDP helped establish and train 17 Regional AIDS Assistance Teams (RAATs)
technical groups with key actors from the Departments of Health, Interior and Local Government, and Social Welfare
Development that show the promise of multi-sectoral teams in bridging national and local policies and facilitating
coordinated responses.
UNDP also focuses on enabling those affected to contribute to fighting HIV. UNDP has trained over 250 Local AIDS
Champions, drawing on members from affected communities and providing training and support to help them campaign for
the needs of those most-at-risk. UNDP works with Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and transgender community groups,

providing training on advocacy, health issues, and supporting better organizational development. To date, UNDP has trained
over 200 members from 19 MSM and transgender community groups.
Who are the decision makers?
The Resident Coordinator (Luiza Carvalho), who is the Executive Representative of the Secretary General, heads the UN Country
Team in the Philippines and is also the Resident Representative of UNDP Philippines.
UNDP Philippines is managed by a Country Director (Mauirice Dewulf) who is responsible for ensuring the effective day-to-day
management of UNDP Country Office and assumes overall responsibility for the UNDP programmes and operations to ensure
coherence and strategic direction of UNDP activities. The Country Director is supported by Operations Manager (Mohammad Rafi
Tokhi) and Programme heads responsible for each of the five programme areas MDGs and Poverty Reduction (Corazon Urquico),
Democratic Governance (Emmanuel Buendia), Crisis Prevention and Recovery (Alma Evangelista), Environment and Energy (Amelia
Supetran), and HIV and AIDS (Philip Castro). Other managers oversee administrative and support units including procurement and
administration (Ethelind Capuno), human resources and finance (Jesus Capulong) and management support (Maria Luisa
Jolongbayan). The Management Support Unit provides monitoring, reporting and evaluation as well as strategic planning, and
resource mobilization support.
UNDP works in close collaboration with the Government of the Philippines through the National Economic and Development
Authority (NEDA) and other key Departments and Agencies. The implementation of UNDP programme activities are carried out by
Implementing Partners as appropriate, including national and local Government partners and civil society actors.
Association of Southeast Asian Nation
ESTABLISHMENT
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of
the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by the Founding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines,
Singapore and Thailand.
Brunei Darussalam then joined on 7 January 1984, Viet Nam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and
Cambodia on 30 April 1999, making up what is today the ten Member States of ASEAN.
AIMS AND PURPOSES
As set out in the ASEAN Declaration, the aims and purposes of ASEAN are:
To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region through joint endeavours in the spirit of
equality and partnership in order to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community of Southeast Asian Nations;
To promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries of
the region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter;
To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical,
scientific and administrative fields;
To provide assistance to each other in the form of training and research facilities in the educational, professional, technical and
administrative spheres;
To collaborate more effectively for the greater utilisation of their agriculture and industries, the expansion of their trade, including the
study of the problems of international commodity trade, the improvement of their transportation and communications facilities and the
raising of the living standards of their peoples;
To promote Southeast Asian studies; and
To maintain close and beneficial cooperation with existing international and regional organisations with similar aims and purposes,
and explore all avenues for even closer cooperation among themselves.
FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
In their relations with one another, the ASEAN Member States have adopted the following fundamental principles, as contained in the
Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) of 1976:
Mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of all nations;
The right of every State to lead its national existence free from external interference, subversion or coercion;
Non-interference in the internal affairs of one another;
Settlement of differences or disputes by peaceful manner;
Renunciation of the threat or use of force; and

Effective cooperation among themselves.


ASEAN COMMUNITY
The ASEAN Vision 2020, adopted by the ASEAN Leaders on the 30th Anniversary of ASEAN, agreed on a shared vision of ASEAN
as a concert of Southeast Asian nations, outward looking, living in peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in
dynamic development and in a community of caring societies.
At the 9th ASEAN Summit in 2003, the ASEAN Leaders resolved that an ASEAN Community shall be established.
At the 12th ASEAN Summit in January 2007, the Leaders affirmed their strong commitment to accelerate the establishment of an
ASEAN Community by 2015 and signed the Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by
2015.
The ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars, namely the ASEAN Political-Security Community, ASEAN Economic
Community and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community. Each pillar has its own Blueprint, and, together with the Initiative for ASEAN
Integration (IAI) Strategic Framework and IAI Work Plan Phase II (2009-2015), they form the Roadmap for and ASEAN Community
2009-2015.
Motto: "One Vision, One Identity, One Community".
Brunei Darussalam
Head of State : His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah
Capital : Bandar Seri Begawan
Language(s) : Malay, English
Currency : B$ (Brunei Dollar)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade of Brunei Darussalam Website: www.mfa.gov.bn
Cambodia
Head of State : His Majesty King Norodom Sihamoni
Head of Government : Prime Minister Hun Sen
Capital : Phnom Penh
Language : Khmer
Currency : Riel
Ministry of Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation of Cambodia Website: www.mfaic.gov.kh
Indonesia
Head of State : President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Capital : Jakarta
Language : Indonesian
Currency : Rupiah
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia Website: www.kemlu.go.id
Lao PDR
Head of State : President Choummaly Sayasone

Head of Government : Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong


Capital : Vientiane
Language : Lao
Currency : Kip
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lao PDR Website: www.mofa.gov.la
Malaysia
Head of Government : The Honourable Dato' Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak
Capital : Kuala Lumpur
Language(s) : Malay, English, Chinese, Tamil
Currency : Ringgit
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia Website: www.kln.gov.my
ASEAN-Malaysia National Secretariat Website: www.kln.gov.my/myasean
Myanmar
Head of State : President Thein Sein
Capital : Nay Pyi Taw
Language : Myanmar
Currency : Kyat
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Myanmar Website: www.mofa.gov.mm
Philippines
Head of State : President Benigno S. Aquino III
Capital : Manila
Language(s) : Filipino, English, Spanish
Currency : Peso
Department of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines Website: www.dfa.gov.ph
Singapore
Head of State : President Tony Tan Keng Yam
Head of Government : Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
Capital : Singapore
Language(s) : English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil
Currency : S$ (Singapore Dollar)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Singapore Website: www.mfa.gov.sg

Thailand
Head of State : His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej
Head of Government : Gen Prayut Chan-O-Cha
Capital : Bangkok
Language : Thai
Currency : Baht
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Thailand Website: www.mfa.go.th
Viet Nam
Head of State : President Truong Tan Sang
Head of Government : Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung
Capital : Ha Noi
Language : Vietnamese
Currency : Dong
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Viet Nam Website: www.mofa.gov.vn