1.
Right hand & Left hand Derivatives ;
h ) f (a )
if it exist
h
The right hand derivative of f at x = a
denoted by f (a+) is defined by :
h ) f (a )
,
h
provided the limit exists & is finite.
The left hand derivative : of f at x = a
denoted by f (a+) is defined by :
f (a
f (a
h ) f (a )
,
h
Provided the limit exists & is finite.
We also write f (a+) = f +(a) & f (a) = f _(a).
* This geomtrically means that a unique tangent with finite slope can be drawn at x = a as shown in the figure.
(iii)
f (a
f(x) is continuous at x = a.
Therefore Limit
h 0 [f ( x
h ) f ( x )] = 0
f is continuous at x.
Note : If f(x) is derivable for every point of its domain of definition, then it is continuous in that domain.
The Converse of the above result is not true :
IF f IS CONTINUOUS AT x , THEN f IS DERIVABLE AT x IS NOT TRUE.
e.g. the functions f(x) = x
; x
3.
(i)
(ii)
NOTE :
1.
If f(x) & g(x) are derivable at x = a then the functions f(x) + g(x), f(x) g(x) , f(x).g(x)
will also be derivable at x = a & if g (a) 0 then the function f(x)/g(x) will also be derivable at x = a.
2.
If f(x) is differentiable at x = a & g(x) is not differentiable at x = a, then the product function F(x) = f(x).
g(x) can still be differentiable at x = a e.g. f(x) = x & g(x) = x
3.
If f(x) & g(x) both are not differentiable at x = a then the product function ;
F(x) = f(x). g(x) can still be differentiable at x = a e.g. f(x) = x & g(x) = x .
4.
If f(x) & g(x) both are nonderi. at x = a then the sum function F(x) = f(x) + g(x) may be a differentiable
function. e.g. f(x) = x & g(x) = x
If f(x) is derivable at x = a
f (x) is continuous at x = a.
e.g. f(x) =
x 2 sin x1
if x
if x
A surprising result : Suppose that the function f (x) and g (x) defined in the interval (x1, x2) containing
the point x0, and if f is differentiable at x = x0 with f (x0) = 0 together with g is continuous as x = x0 then
the function F (x) = f (x) g (x) is differentiable at x = x0
e.g. F (x) = sinx x2/3 is differentiable at x = 0.
6.
EXERCISEI
Q.1
Discuss the continuity & differentiability of the function f(x) = sinx + sin x , x R. Draw a rough sketch
of the graph of f(x).
Q.2
Q.3
Given a differentiable function f (x) defined for all real x, and is such that
f (x + h) f (x) 6h2 for all real h and x. Show that f (x) is constant.
Q.4
1
2 x
2
2
for
for
0 x
for
R.
x 0
2
Examine the origin for continuity & derrivability in the case of the function f defined by
f(x) = x tan 1(1/x) , x 0 and f(0) = 0.
Q.6
Let f (0) = 0 and f ' (0) = 1. For a positive integer k, show that
Lim
x
1
x
f (x) f
x
2
1
x
1
x
......f
x
k
=1
1
2
1
1
......
3
k
Q.7
Let f(x) = xe
Q.8
If f(x)= x 1 . ( [x] [ x]) , then find f (1+) & f (1) where [x] denotes greatest integer function.
Q.9
If f(x) =
a x 2 b if
1
x
if
x 1
x 1
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Q.10
1 , 2 x 0
&
x 1 , 0 x 2
sgn
2 [x ]
3x [x ]
where sgn (.) denotes the signum function & [.] denotes the greatest
Examine for continuity & differentiability the points x = 1 & x = 2, the function f defined by
f(x) =
Q.13
x [x ]
, 0 x 2
(x 1) [x] , 2 x 3
f(x) = x .
2
x
, x 0 & f(0) = 1 where [x] denotes greatest integer less than or equal to x.
Q.15
Q.16
Q.19
x
2
for x 1
The function f ( x)
ax ( x 1) b when x 1
x 1
when 1 x 3
qx 2 when x 3
Q.18
sin
If f(x) = 1 + x 1 , 1 x 3 ; g(x) = 2
x + 1 , 2 x 2 , then calculate
(fog) (x) & (gof) (x). Draw their graph. Discuss the continuity of (fog)(x) at x = 1 & the differentiability
of (gof) (x) at x = 1.
px 2
Q.17
2 x 3 [ x ] for x 1
1/ x
Examine the function , f (x) = x. a 1/ x
a
the derivative at the origin.
a
a
1/ x
1/ x
Q.20
Let f be a function that is differentiable every where and that has the following properties:
f ( x) f (h)
(i)
f (x + h) =
for all real x and h. (ii) f (x) > 0 for all real x.
f ( x) f ( h )
1
(iii)
f ' (0) = 1
(iv) f ( x) =
and f (x + h) = f (x) f (h)
f (x)
Use the definition of derivative to find f ' (x) in terms of f (x).
Q.21
Discuss the continuity & the derivability of 'f' where f (x) = degree of (ux + u + 2u 3) at x = 2.
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Q.22
Let f (x) be a function defined on (a, a) with a > 0. Assume that f (x) is continuous at x = 0 and
f ( x ) f (kx )
Lim
= , where k (0, 1) then compute f ' (0+) and f ' (0), and comment upon the
x 0
x
differentiability of f at x = 0.
x 2 cos
Q.23
2x
0
(a)
(c)
if x
if x
(b)
Q.24
Let f(x) be a real valued function not identically zero satisfies the equation,
f(x + yn) = f(x) + (f(y))n for all real x & y and f (0) 0 where n (>1) is an odd natural number. Find f(10).
Q.25
A derivable function f : R+
x
+ x y for every x, y
y
100
1
If g denotes the derivative of f then compute the value of the sum
.
g
n
n 1
R+.
EXERCISEII
f ((3 h 2 )
Q.1
Q.2
If f(x) = sinx & g(x) = x3 then f[g(x)] is ______ & ______ at x = 0. (State continuity and derivability)
Q.3
Let f(x) be a function satisfying the condition f( x) = f(x) for all real x. If f (0) exists, then its value is _____.
x
,x 0
1/ x
, the derivative from the right, f (0+) = _____ & the derivative
For the function f(x) = 1 e
0 ,x 0
from the left, f (0 ) = _______.
Q.4
Q.5
Q.6
Q.7
2h 2
= _______.
x
ax
x 1
2
bx
c otherwise
A function f defined as f(x) = x[x] for 1 x 3 where [x] defines the greatest integer x is :
(A) continuous at all points in the domain of f but nonderivable at a finite number of points
(B) discontinuous at all points & hence nonderivable at all points in the domain of f (x)
(C) discontinuous at a finite number of points but not derivable at all points in the domain of f (x)
(D) discontinuous & also nonderivable at a finite number of points of f (x).
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Q.9
[x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x. If f(x) = [x] [sin x] in ( 1,1) then f(x) is :
(A) continuous at x = 0
(B) continuous in ( 1, 0)
(C) differentiable in ( 1,1)
(D) none
[x]
Q.10
Given f(x) =
loga a [x]
[ x]
[ x]
a
3
1
x
for x
0; a
for x
If f(x) =
x
0
{x}
x sin{x} for x
0
where {x} denotes the fractional part function, then :
0
for x
, )
(B) [ 0,
x
1 x
is differentiable is :
(C) (
(E) none
Q.13
Let f be an injective and differentiable function such that f (x) f (y) + 2 = f (x) + f (y) + f (xy) for all non
negative real x and y with f '(0) = 0, f '(1) = 2 f (0), then
(A) x f '(x) 2 f (x) + 2 = 0
(B) x f '(x) + 2 f (x) 2 = 0
(C) x f '(x) f (x) + 1 = 0
(D) 2 f (x) = f '(x) + 2
Q.14
Let f (x) = [n + p sin x], x (0, ), n I and p is a prime number. The number of points where f (x) is
not differentiable is
(A) p 1
(B) p + 1
(C) 2p + 1
(D) 2p 1.
Here [x] denotes greatest integer function.
Q.15
Q.16
2
Consider the function f (x) = x
x2 1
2 x 1
2x 7.
Q.18
Q.19
Q.20
f(x) = x + sinx in
Q.21
. It is :
If f(x) = 2 + sin 1 x , it is :
(A) continuous no where
(C) differentiable no where in its domain
Q.22
Q.23
Q.24
Q.25
for 0 x
for
x 3
dy
dx
1
3 1 x2
, then
EXERCISEIII
Q.1
Q.2
Q.3
1)
(B) 0
x2
1
1
, x  1
, x  1
x
x
. [REE, 2000,3]
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Q.4
(a)
(b)
Let f : R
R be a function defined by , f (x) = max [ x ,
f (x) is NOT differentiable is :
(A) { 1 , 1}
(B) { 1 , 0}
(C) {0 , 1}
x3
(c)
Q.5
Q.6
Let
g:R
)+
(D) sin ( x
" tan 1 x if  x 1
$
The domain of the derivative of the function f (x) = # 1 ( x 1) if  x 1 is
$% 2
(A) R {0}
(B) R {1}
(C) R {1}
(D) R {1, 1}
[JEE 2002 (Screening), 3]
&/ x
Q.7
Let f: R
(A) 1
Q.8
Q.9
f (1 x)
equals
f (1)
(D) e3
[JEE 2002 (Screening), 3]
if x 0
"x 1
"x a if x 0
f (x) = #
and
g (x) = #
2
% x 1 if x 0
%( x 1 ) b if x 0
Where a and b are non negative real numbers. Determine the composite function gof. If (gof) (x) is
continuous for all real x, determine the values of a and b. Further, for these values of a and b, is gof
differentiable at x = 0? Justify your answer.
[JEE 2002, 5 out of 60]
If a function f : [ 2a , 2a] R is an odd function such that f (x) = f (2a x) for x [a, 2a] and the left
hand derivative at x = a is 0 then find the left hand derivative at x = a. [JEE 2003(Mains) 2 out of 60]
Q.10(a) The function given by y =  x  1 is differentiable for all real numbers except the points
(A) {0, 1, 1}
(B) 1
(C) 1
(D) 1
[JEE 2005 (Screening), 3]
R. Find the equation of tangent to the curve y = f (x) at the
[JEE 2005 (Mains), 2]
Q.12
( x 1) n
Let g(x) =
; 0 < x < 2, m and n are integers, m
ln cos m ( x 1)
(A) n = 1, m = 1
(B) n = 1, m = 1
(C) n = 2, m = 2
(D) n > 2, m = n
[JEE 2008, 3]
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DEFINITION :
If x and x + h belong to the domain of a function f defined by y = f(x), then
Limit f (x h) f (x) if it exists , is called the DERIVATIVE of f at x & is denoted by
h 0
h
f (x) or
2.
dy
dx
f (x h) f (x)
. We have therefore , f (x) = Limit
h 0
h
f (x) f (a )
Note that alternatively, we can define f (a) = Limit
, provided the limit exists.
x a
x a
3.
4.
5.
6.
THEOREMS ON DERIVATIVES :
If u and v are derivable function of x, then,
(i)
d
(u ) v)
dx
du dv
)
dx dx
(iii)
d
u.v
dx
(iv)
d
dx
(v)
u
v
dv
du
)v
dx
dx
du
dx
dv
dx
d
(K u )
dx
(ii)
du
, where K is any constant
dx
v2
dy
dx
dy du
.
du dx
CHAIN RULE
(ii) D (ex) = ex
1
x
1
x
(iv) D (ln x) =
(v) D (logax) =
logae
d
dx
(b)
0 , then
dx
dy
0 then g (y) =
1/
dy
dx
or
1
. This result can also be written as, if
f (x)
dy dx
dy
dx
.
1 or
1/
dx dy
dx
dy
dx
dy
dy
dx
exists &
0]
Results :
(i)
D (sin 1 x)
(iii)
D (tan
x)
1
1 x2
1
1 x
1 x 1
, x R
(ii)
D (cos 1 x)
(iv)
D (sec 1 x)
1
1 x2
1
x
x2 1
1 x 1
, x 1
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D (cos ec 1x)
(v)
, x R
OR
a function of the form [f(x)]g(x) where f & g are both derivable, it will be found convinient to take
the logarithm of the function first & then differentiate. This is called LOGARITHMIC
DIFFERENTIATION .
In answers of dy/dx in the case of implicit functions, both x & y are present .
PARAMETRIC DIFFERENTIATION :
d y / d+
.
d x / d+
dy
dx
1
1 x2
dy
du
= f (u) .
.
dx
dx
x)
IMPLICIT DIFFERENTIATION : * (x , y) = 0
(i)
In order to find dy/dx, in the case of implicit functions, we differentiate each term
w.r.t. x regarding y as a functions of x & then collect terms in dy/dx together on one side to
finally find dy/dx.
(ii)
9.
8.
D (cot
(vi)
, x 1
dy / dx
dz / dx
f '(x)
.
g' (x)
d2y
It is also
denoted by f (x) or y .
f ( x)
12.
g(x)
h(x)
v (x )
w(x)
13.
v(x)
w(x)
f (x)
g(x )
v(x)
f (x)
h(x)
w(x)
g(x)
h (x )
L HOSPITALS RULE :
If f(x) & g(x) are functions of x such that :
Limit f(x) = 0 = Limit g(x) OR Limit f(x) =
(i)
x a
x a
x a
= Limit
x a g(x)
(ii)
&
(iii)
(iv)
&
and
Then
Limit f (x) = Limit f '(x) = Limit f "(x ) & so on till indeterminant form vanishes.
x a
x a
x a
g(x)
g'(x)
g"(x)
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10
14.
(i)
y = f(x) = sin
2 tan 1 x
=
2 tan 1 x
2 tan 1 x
2x
1 x2
x 1
x 1
x
1
HIGHLIGHTS :
(a)
Domain is x R &
range is
(b)
2
x2
dy
= non existent
dx
2
1
(d)
(ii)
,
2 .
f is continuous for
all x but not diff.
at x = 1 ,  1
1
(c)
x2
for
for
for
x
x
1
1
Consider
,  1) ! (1 , )
x2
x2
1
1
2 tan 1 x
if x
1
2 tan x if x
0
0
HIGHLIGHTS :
(a)
Domain is x R &
range is [0, )
(b)
Continuous for all x
but not diff. at x = 0
1
(c)
2
x2
dy
= non existent
dx
2
1
(d)
(iii)
x2
for x
for x
for x
I in (0 , ) & D in (1
y = f (x) = tan
, 0)
2 tan 1 x
2x
1 x2
x
1
2 tan x
2 tan 1 x
x
x
1
1
1
HIGHLIGHTS :
(a)
Domain is R  {1 , 1} &
range is
(b)
f is neither continuous
nor diff. at x = 1 ,  1
2
(c)
(d)
2
dy
= 1 x
dx
non existent
(e)
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11
3 sin 1 x
(IV)
if
if
1
2
HIGHLIGHTS :
(a)
Domain is x
range is
if
if
if
1
2
,
2 .
Not derivable at x
(c)
dy
=
dx
(d)
1
2
1
2
if x
x2
3
if x
x2
1
2
1
2
1,
1
2
,1
(v)
[ 1 , 1] &
(b)
if
1
2
1
2
3 sin x
1
2
3 cos 1 x
3 cos 1 x
y = f (x) = cos1 (4 x3  3 x) = 2
1
2
1
2
1
2
x
x
HIGHLIGHTS :
(a)
Domain is x [ 1 , 1] &
range is [0 , ]
(b)
(c)
I in
1 1
,
2 2
D in
1 ,
,1
2 .
1,
(d)
1
2
1
2
if x
x2
3
1
2
&
dy
=
dx
1
,
2
if x
x2
1,
1
2
1
2
1
2
,1
GENERAL NOTE :
Concavity in each case is decided by the sign of 2nd derivative as :
d2y
d x2
>0
Concave upwards
D = DECREASING
d2y
d x2
<0
Concave downwards
I = INCREASING
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EXERCISEI
Q.1
Let f , g and h are differentiable functions. If f (0) = 1 ; g (0) = 2 ; h (0) = 3 and the derivatives of their
pair wise products at x = 0 are
(f g)'(0) = 6 ; (g h)'(0) = 4 and (h f)'(0) = 5
then compute the value of (fgh)'(0).
dy
Q.2(a) If y = (cos x)lnx + (lnx)x find
.
dx
(b) If y = e x
ex
ex
xe
ex
dy
.
dx
1
2x
1
.........
2x
x e . Find
1
2x
Q.3
Let f (x) = x +
Q.4
If y =
Q.5
Q.6
Q.7
If x =
x2
2
1
x x 2 1 ln x
2
1 x2
1 x2
1 x2
2x
Q.8
Differentiate
Q.9
Q.10
If 1 x 6
Q.11
If y = x +
, prove that
1
x
1
x ...............
x1
n 2 (y2
4)
0.
dy
dx
1.
1 x4 .
Q.12
w. r. t.
dy
16 t (1 t 4 )
=
.
dt (1 6 t 2 t 4 ) 2
1 lnt
3 2lnt
dy
and y =
. Show that y
2
t
t
dx
1 x2
dy
4)
dx
dy
x 2 1 y6
=
.
dx
y2 1 x 6
dy
dx 2
x
1
x
x
1
x ....................
x3 .x2
x2 . x
If y=1+ x x + ( x x )( x x ) +
+..... upto (n + 1) terms then prove that
( x x1 )(x x 2 )(x x 3 )
1
2
1
y
x1
dy
=
x x1 x
dx
x2
x3
x2 x
x3 x
...
xn ,
.
xn x 
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13
Q.13
(b)
(c)
Find f ' 1 4 .
u
dy
1
+ 1 = 0.
,1 prove that 2
dx
2
Q.15
If y = cot
Q.16
If y = tan1
Q.17
Let f (x) = x2 4x 3, x > 2 and let g be the inverse of f. Find the value of g where f (x) = 2.
Q.18
If y = tan
Q.19
If y = ln x e
Q.20
1 sin x
1 sin x
2u
1 x
+ sin 2 tan
0,
dy
1 sin x
if x
, find
dx
1 sin x
x
1
, u
1
!
2
If y = tan
1 u2
& x = sec
Q.14
tan
1 x
1 x
tan
0,
, then find
x2 x 1
x 2 3x 3
x 2 5x 7
Find dy/dx , expressing your answer in 2 terms.
x
/a y
yx
y
ln
If x = tan
2
find
tan
(1, 1).
1
x 2 7 x 13
+...... to n terms.
dy
.
dx
y
1 tan
2
y
tan
2
arc sin
2
dy
for x
dx
2,
.
. . Show that dy = 1 sin y(1 + sin y + cos y).
.
dx
2
.
.
y
x 2 y2
2( x 2
y2 )
If
Q.22
If x = 2cost cos2t & y = 2sint sin2t , find the value of (d2y/dx2) when t = ( /2).
Q.23
d2y
Find the value of the expression y
on the ellipse 3x2 + 4y2 = 12.
dx 2
Q.24
Q.25
. Prove that
d2y
Q.21
dx 2
( x y)3
, x > 0.
1 x
2 x
1/ x
, x
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14
EXERCISEII
dy
sin a
=
.
dx 1 2 x cos a x 2
Q.1
Q.2
Find a polynomial function f (x) such that f (2x) = f ' (x) f " (x).
Q.3
If y = arc cos
Q.4
d2y
Let y = x sin kx. Find the possible value of k for which the differential equation 2 + y = 2k cos kx
dx
holds true for all x R.
Q.5
dy
cos 3x
then
show
that
=
dx
cos3 x
6
cos2x cos4x
, sinx > 0.
R, then
The function f : R R satisfies f (x2) f ''(x) = f '(x) f '(x2) for all real x. Given that f (1) = 1 and
f '''(1) = 8, compute the value of f '(1) + f ''(1).
x
d2y
dy
l
n
tan
changes the equation 2 cot x
Q.7(a) Show that the substitution z =
4 y cos ec2 x 0 to
2
dx
dx
(d2y/dz2) + 4 y = 0.
(b) If the dependent variable y is changed to 'z' by the substitution y = tan z then the differential equation
Q.6
d2 y
dx 2
2(1 y) dy
1
1 y 2 dx
Q.8
Show that R =
Q.9
Let f (x) =
Q.10
dz
d 2z
2
is changed to 2 = cos z k
dx
dx
dy dx 2
d 2 y dx 2
3/ 2
2 2/ 3
sin x
if x 0 and f (0) = 1. Define the function f ' (x) for all x and find f '' (0) if it exist.
x
Suppose f and g are two functions such that f, g : R R,
1 x2
and
1
x
Let f (x) =
x x
(a)
(b)
x
2
'
g' (x ) at x = 1.
f : [0, 1]
R is defined as f (x) =
0
(a)
1 x2
g (x) = ln x
x 3 (1 x ) sin
Q.12
2/3 .
d 2 y dx
d 2 x dy2
Also show that, if x=a sin2+(1+cos2+) & y=acos2+ (1 cos2+) then the value of R equals to 4a cos3+.
f (x) = ln 1
Q.11
f is differentiable in [0, 1]
(b)
1
x2
if 0
x 1
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Q.13
f (x )
f (y )
k
(k
Q.14
Let
Q.15
for all real permissible values of 'a' and is equal to 5a 1 a 2 . Prove that f (x) is positive for all real x.
ColumnI
ColumnII
(A)
(B)
ln (1 x 3 ) sin
f (x) =
0,
g (x) =
1
, if x 0
x
if x 0
(Q)
differentiable at x 0 but
derivative is discontinuous at x
(R)
(S)
0,
u (x) =
0,
(D)
(P)
ln 2 (1 x ) sin
ln 1
(C)
1
, if x 0
x
if x 0
v (x) = Lim
t 0
2x
sin x
, if x
2
if x
tan
0
0
2
t2
Q.16
(x a)4
If f (x) = ( x b) 4
( x c) 4
(x a )3 1
(x a ) 4
( x b) 3 1 then f (x) = 0 . ( x b ) 4
( x c) 3 1
( x c) 4
Q.17
cos( x x 2 ) sin( x x 2 )
If f(x) = sin( x x 2 ) cos( x x 2 )
sin2 x
0
Q.18
If
(x a)2 1
( x b) 2 1 . Find the value of 0.
( x c) 2 1
cos( x x 2 )
sin( x x 2 ) then find f'(x).
sin2 x 2
be a repeated root of a quadratic equation f(x) = 0 & A(x) , B(x) , C(x) be the polynomials of
A( x ) B( x ) C( x )
degree 3, 4 & 5 respectively , then show that A( ) B( ) C( ) is divisible by f(x), where dash
A ' ( ) B' ( ) C' ( )
a x b x c x
Let f (x) =
x m x n x . Show that f
p x
q x
r x
If Y = sX and Z = tX, where all the letters denotes the functions of x and suffixes denotes the differentiation
w.r.t. x then prove that
X
X1
X2
Y
Y1
Y2
Z
s
Z1 = X3 1
s2
Z2
t1
t2
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EXERCISEIII
Evalute the following limits using LHospitals Rule or otherwise :
1 x2 ,
.
x2 
1
x sin 1 x
Q.1
Lim
Q.3
Lim
Q.5
Lim
Q.7
Q.2
Lim
1
1 ,
2
x
sin 2 x .1 sin x cos x ln(1 x )
Q.4
Lim x x
xtan2 x
Q.6
x2 1 x
x ln
x
x3
0
x
sin x
Lim sin x (sin x )
x 2 1 sin x ln (sin x )
2
e
2x
differentiability of f(x) at x = 0.
Q.8
sin(3x 2 )
ln.cos( 2x 2 x )
Lim
x
Q.9
a sin x bx cx 2 x 3
If Lim
exists & is finite, find the values of a, b, c & the limit.
x 0
2x 2.ln (1 x ) 2x 3 x 4
Q.10
Evaluate: Lim
x
Q.11
If Lim
Q.12
(where n N).
Given a real valued function f(x) as follows:
x2
f (x) =
Q.13
x2
2 cos x 2
1
sin x ln e x cos x
& f (x) =
for x > 0. Test the
12
6x 2
x4
continuity and differentiability of f (x) at x = 0.
Let a1 > a2 > a3 ............ an > 1; p1 > p2 > p3......... > pn > 0 ; such that p1 + p2 + p3 + ...... + pn = 1
p 2 a 2x ....... p n a nx
(a) Lim F( x )
x
(b) Lim F( x )
1x
. Compute
(c) Lim F( x )
x
x
n
Q.14
Q.15
If Lim
1 tan
(A)
(B)
Lim
n
1 sin
Lim
x
2n
equal
3n
1
(1 cosec x )
(C)
Lim
x
1
ln (sin x )
equals
(P)
(Q)
e2
(R)
e2/
(S)
1x
1
cos x
equals
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/6
17
EXERCISEIV
Q.1
x2 x
If f (x) = 2
, then find the domain and the range of f . Show that f is oneone. Also find the function
x 2x
1
d f (x )
and its domain.
[ REE '99, 6 ]
dx
Q.2(a) If x2 + y2 = 1, then :
(A) y y 2 (y )2 + 1 = 0
(C) y y
(y )2 1 = 0
(B) y y + (y )2 + 1 = 0
(D) y y + 2 (y )2 + 1 = 0
[ JEE 2000, Screening, 1 out of 35 ]
a1 + 2 a2 + ...... + n an
1.
Q.3(a) If ln (x + y) = 2xy, then y ' (0) =
(A) 1
(B) 1
"
1 x c
,
$b sin
2
$1
$
(b) f (x) = #
$ 2ax / 2
1
$e
,
%$ x
p (x)
(C) 2
1
2
at x
0
(D) 0
1
2
If f (x) is differentiable at x = 0 and  c  < 1/2 then find the value of 'a' and prove that 64b 2 = 4 c2.
[JEE 2004, 4 out of 60]
Q.4(a) If y = y(x) and it follows the relation x cos y + y cos x = , then y"(0)
(A) 1
(B) 1
(C)
(D)
(b) If P(x) is a polynomial of degree less than or equal to 2 and S is the set of all such polynomials so that
P(1) = 1, P(0) = 0 and P'(x) > 0 ' x [0, 1], then
(A) S = *
(B) S = {(1 a)x2 + ax, 0 < a < 2
(C) (1 a)x2 + ax, a (0, )
(D) S = {(1 a)x2 + ax, 0 < a < 1
(c) If f (x) is a continuous and differentiable function and f 1 n = 0, ' n 1 and n I, then
(A) f (x) = 0, x (0, 1]
(B) f (0) = 0, f ' (0) = 0
(C) f '(x) = 0 = f ''(x), x (0, 1]
(D) f (0) = 0 and f ' (0) need not to be zero
[JEE 2005 (Scr.)]
(d) If f (x y) = f (x) g (y) f (y) g (x) and g (x y) = g (x) g (y) + f (x) f (y) for all x, y R. If right
hand derivative at x = 0 exists for f (x). Find derivative of g (x) at x = 0.
[JEE 2005 (Mains), 4]
Q.5
sin x
is
(A) 0
Q.6
1x
(B) 1
(C) 1
(D) 2
[JEE 2006, 3]
d2x
equals
dy 2
d2 y
(A)
dx 2
d2y
(B)
dx 2
dy
dx
d2y
(C)
dx 2
dy
dx
d 2y
(D)
dx 2
dy
dx
[JEE 2007, 3]
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Q.7(a) Let g (x) = ln f (x) where f (x) is a twice differentiable positive function on (0,
f (x + 1) = x f (x). Then for N = 1, 2, 3
g' ' N
1
2
g' '
) such that
1
=
2
(A)
" 1
4#1
% 9
3
" 1
1
1
.....
4 1
2 2 (B) #
25
( 2 N 1) 1
% 9
(C)
" 1
4#1
% 9
3
1
1
.....
2
25
( 2 N 1) 2 1
3
1
1
.....
22
25
(2 N 1) 1
" 1
4
(D) #1
% 9
3
1
1
.....
2
25
(2 N 1) 2 1
(b) Let f and g be real valued functions defined on interval (1, 1) such that g''(x) is continuous, g(0) 0,
g'(0) = 0, g''(0) 0, and f (x) = g (x) sin x.
STATEMENT1 : Lim [g(x) cot x g(0) cosec x] = f ''(0)
x
and
STATEMENT2 : f '(0) = g(0)
(A) Statement1 is True, Statement2 is True ; statement2 is a correct explanation for statement1
(B) Statement1 is True, Statement2 is True ; statement2 is NOT a correct explanation for statement1
(C) Statement1 is True, Statement2 is False
(D) Statement1 is False, Statement2 is True
[JEE 2008, 3 + 3]
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19
EXERCISEI
Q 1. f(x) is conti. but not derivable at x = 0
Q 2. conti. ' x
Q 8. f (1+) = 3 , f (1 ) = 1
Q 9. a= 1/2 , b = 3/2
1, b 0, p
1
and q
3
f (x) = x
1
3
f(10) = 10
and f '
1
3
, (c) x =
1
n
2n 1
Q.25 5150
EXERCISEII
Q.1 2
Q.5 2
Q.9 B
Q.13 A
Q.17 A, C
Q.21 B, D
Q.25 A, D
Q.3 0
Q.7 A
Q.11 D
Q.15 A
Q.19 B, D
Q.23 A, B, D
Q.4 f (0+) = 0 , f (0 ) = 1
Q.8 D
Q.12 A
Q.16 D
Q.20 B, D
Q.24 A, B, D
EXERCISEIII
Q.1
Q.2
Q.4
Q.9
D
C
(a) D, (b) A, (c) D
f (a) = 0
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EXERCISEI
Q.1
16
Q.2
(a)
Dy = (cosx)lnx
(b)
x
x
,
xe
e
ex
x 1
dy
,
xe
ex e
e x1nx . e x x e 1 x x [1 e1nx] x e e e
e x1nx .
= e .x
x
x
dx

Q.3
100
Q.13
(a)
1 1
,
, (
2 2
2 1 x
Q.17 1/6
3
2
Q.22
32
16
2x
, ) ; (b) f (x) =
1 4x
Q.23
9
4
Q.18
; (c)
,
1n(1nx). ;

1
1nx
Q.9
1 2x
Q.16
1nx
1 x4
Q.8
,
tan x 1nx.

1n(cos x)
x
16 3
9
1 ( x n) 2
1 x2
8
1n 2
Q.15
1
or
2
Q.19
y x nx x nx . ny 1
.
x
n x (1 x y n a)
2 1
3,
l n . x if x
3 6
2
Q.25 f (x) =
1 x
2 x
1
2
1/ x
if x
EXERCISEII
4x3
9
Q.2
Q.4
k = 1, 1 or 0
x cos x sin x
if x
x2
Q.6
Q.9
f ' (x) =
Q.15
0
if x 0
(A) R, S; (B) Q, S; (C) P ; (D) R, S
; f '' (0) =
1
3
Q.16 3
Q.7 (b) k = 2
Q.10 zero
Q.17 2(1 + 2x) . cos 2(x + x2)
EXERCISEIII
Q 1.
Q.7
Q.9
5
6
1
1
1
Q 3.
Q 4. 1
Q 5.
6
3
2
+
f (0) = 1 ; differentiable at x = 0, f (0 ) = (1/3) ; f (0 ) = (1/3)
3
a = 6, b = 6, c = 0;
Q.10 1000
40
Q 2.
Q.12
Q.14
n=4
Q.13
Q.6
Q.8
Q.11
n = 11
EXERCISEIV
Q.1
d
3
[f 1 ( x )] =
(1 x )2
dx
Q.3 (a) A; (b) a = 1
Q.6 D
Q.7
(a) A, (b) D
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