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Definition

Poverty is general scarcity or dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain
amount of material possessions or money. Poverty seems to be chronic, and
most of the time it is closely related to inequality.
Frequently, poverty is defined in either relative or absolute terms. Absolute
poverty refers to the deprivation of basic human needs, which commonly
includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter and health care. Relative
poverty is defined contextually as economic inequality in the location or society
in which people live.
The poverty rate in Peru is 25.8% Despite Perus economic performance being
among the best in Latin America poverty remains high and widespread.

Causes of poverty

Unemployment
Low wages
Rural-urban Migration
Environment problems such as earthquakes and floods
illiteracy
Agricultural Lifestyle

Effects of poverty
The effects of poverty can be felt at every level of society
1. Malnutrition
The most common effect of poverty is malnutrition.
This is especially seen in children of poor families. People living in poverty
rarely have access to highly nutritious foods.
2. Health
One of the most severe effects of poverty is the health effects that are almost
always present.

Diseases are very common in people living in poverty because they lack the
resources to maintain a healthy living environment, In general, people living in
poverty cannot afford appropriate medicines to treat these illnesses.

3. Education
Education is largely affected by poverty.
Many people living in poverty are unable to attend school from a very early age.
Families may not be able to afford the necessary clothing or school supplies.
Others may not have a way for their children to get to school. Whatever the
reason, there is a clear correlation between families living in poverty and their
lack of education.
4. Economy
Among the effects of poverty includes its impact on the economy of the country.
Mainly, the number of people living in poverty influences employment rates
heavily. Without an education, people are unlikely to find a paying job.
Unemployment hinders a country from developing into a strong economic
system. A high unemployment rate can impede a country from progressing in all
aspects.
5. Society
Poverty also has social effects.
Many people living in poverty are homeless, which puts them on the streets.
There also seems to be a connection between poverty and crime.
It is clear that poverty has far-reaching effects on all people.

Solutions to poverty
The government should create programs to improve the quality of life of
poor people.
The government should offer more jobs for the poor people

The persons should be more honest with the money the government give
to help the people who need it.
The government should find a balance and offer programs with
incentives that will encourage the poor to learn a way of hard work and
want to become successful.
The rich persons should help to the poor persons, through charity

Consequences of poverty on people

http://borgenproject.org/5-effects-poverty/