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Lovely Professional University, Punjab

Course Code

Course Title

Course Planner

Lectures

PHY106

APPLIED PHYSICS-I

13465::Bharpur Singh

Course Category

Courses with numerical and conceptual focus

Tutorials Practicals Credits

3.0

TextBooks
Sr No

Title

Author

Edition

Year

Publisher Name

T-1

OPTICS

AJOY GHATAK

5th

2012

MCGRAW HILL EDUCATION

T-2

PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS
EXTENDED

HALLIDAY, RESNICK,
JEARL WALKER

9th

2011

WILEY

Reference Books
Sr No

Title

Author

Edition

Year

Publisher Name

R-1

PHYSICS PART I

NCERT

1st

2008

NCERT

R-2

A TEXT BOOK OF OPTICS

SUBRAHMANYAM,
BRIJ LAL

4th

2010

S. CHAND & COMPANY

R-3

A TEXTBOOK OF STRENGTH OF
MATERIALS

DR. R. K. BANSAL

5th

2012

LAKSHMI PUBLICATIONS

R-4

PHYSICS FOR SCIENTISTS AND


ENGINEERS WITH MODERN
PHYSICS

JEWETT JOHN W.

7th

2010

CENGAGE LEARNING

Relevant Websites
Sr No

(Web address) (only if relevant to the course)

Salient Features

RW-1

http://ocw.mit.edu/high-school/demonstrations-on-video/physical-optics/

Diffraction through single slit

RW-2

http://ocw.mit.edu/high-school/demonstrations-on-video/physical-optics/

Young's double slit experiment

RW-3

http://www.worldoflasers.com/laserproperties.htm

Temporal and Spatial coherence

RW-4

http://physics-animations.com/Physics/English/DG10/DG.htm

Diffraction grating

RW-5

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pIlBlNW7sOo

Optical Fibre communication

RW-6

http://ocw.mit.edu/resources/res-6-005-understanding-lasers-and-fiberoptics-spring2008/laser-fundamentals-i/

Videos for Lasers and fiber optics

RW-7

http://surendranath.tripod.com/Applets/Waves/Doppler/Doppler.html

Applet for Doppler effect

RW-8

http://surendranath.tripod.com/Applets/Waves/Beats/Beats.html

Applet for Beats

RW-9

http://surendranath.tripod.com/Applets/Oscillations/SHM/SHM.html

Java applet for simple harmonic motion

RW-10

http://ngsir.netfirms.com/englishhtm/Lissajous.htm

3D java applet for Lissajous figures

0.0

0.0

3.0

RW-11

http://surendranath.tripod.com/Applets/Oscillations/Lissajous/Lissajous.html

Applet for Lissajous figures

RW-12

http://www.nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-ROORKEE/strength%20of Relation between elastic constants


%20materials/lects%20&%20picts/image/lect10/lecture10.htm

RW-13

http://web.aeromech.usyd.edu.au/AMME2301/Documents/mos/Chapter05.pdf

RW-14

http://books.google.co.in/books?
Elastic properties (a book on strength of materials)
id=2IHEqp8dNWwC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=one
page&q&f=false

RW-15

http://ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?keph1=2-8

Internal bending moment

Errors in measurement

Audio Visual Aids


Sr No

(AV aids) (only if relevant to the course)

Salient Features

AV-1

http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/physics/8-03-physics-iii-vibrations-and-waves-fall2004/video-lectures/

Video lectures on vibrations and waves

LTP week distribution: (LTP Weeks)


Weeks before MTE

Weeks After MTE

Spill Over

Detailed Plan For Lectures


Week
Lecture
Number Number

Broad Topic(Sub Topic)

Chapters/Sections of Other Readings,


Text/reference
Relevant Websites,
books
Audio Visual Aids,
software and Virtual
Labs

Week 1

Lecture 1

Measurements and Errors


(Definitions- Measurand,
precision, accuracy,
certainty, resolution)

R-1:Ch-2

Lecture 2

Measurements and Errors


(Definitions- Measurand,
precision, accuracy,
certainty, resolution)

R-1:Ch-2

Lecture 3

Measurements and Errors


(Errors and types)

R-1:Ch.2

Lecture Description

Learning Outcomes Pedagogical Tool Live Examples


Demonstration/
Case Study /
Images /
animation / ppt
etc. Planned

RW-15

Lecture 0 will be
introduction to course,
Introduction to errors in
measurement. check
relevant material in
course file.

Measurement of
different physical
quantities like mass,
length and time

Discuss ranges of
length, mass and
time to be
measured.

Length
measuring tools
like vernier
calipers and
screw gauge can
be shown.

RW-15

Lecture 0 will be
introduction to course,
Introduction to errors in
measurement. check
relevant material in
course file.

Measurement of
different physical
quantities like mass,
length and time

Discuss ranges of
length, mass and
time to be
measured.

Length
measuring tools
like vernier
calipers and
screw gauge can
be shown.

Errors in measurement
and types of errors.

Measurement of
basic physical
quantities like mass
length and time.

Brain storming

Week 1

Lecture 3

Measurements and Errors


(Sources of errors)

R-1:Ch.2

Errors in measurement
and types of errors.

Measurement of
basic physical
quantities like mass
length and time.

Brain storming

Actual length of
beams got
changed in
extreme
temperatures.

Week 2

Lecture 4

Measurements and Errors


(Systematic error, Random
error, Dynamic error)

R-1:Ch.2

Types of errors like


systematic error,
Random error, Dynamic
error. How to combine
errors in measurements?

Learning of
Brain storming
instrumental errors,
errors due to ambient
conditions etc.

Errors in
measuring tools

Lecture 5

Measurements and Errors


(Standard deviation and
variance)

R-1:Ch.2

Check course file for


this topic.
Introduction to standard
deviation and variance
of given data.

Calculation of
Brain storming
standard deviation
and variance of given
data.

Lecture 6

Optics(Classification of
electromagnetic spectrum
viz. (visible, IR, UV/X-rays,
gamma rays, microwaves))

T-2:Section 33.2

Classification of
electromagnetic
spectrum viz. (visible,
IR, UV/X-rays, gamma
rays, microwaves)

Different ranges of
Relevant visual
wavelength of whole can be shown.
electromagnetic
spectrum.

Lecture 7

Optics(Ray Optics Lens


aberrations (chromatic))

T-1:Section 6.1 -6.2

Introduction to
chromatic aberration in
lens. Condition for
chromatic aberration.

Inability of physical
lens to focus all
wavelengths on a
single point.

Brain storming

Lecture 8

Optics(Measures of correct
chromatic aberrations- Use
of doublet (cemented and
separated) quantitatively)

T-1:Section 6.2.16.2.2

Use of doublet cemented Measures of correct


and separated one to
aberrations.
minimize chromatic
aberration.

Brain storming

Lecture 9

Optics(Measures of correct
chromatic aberrations- Use
of doublet (cemented and
separated) quantitatively)

T-1:Section 6.2.16.2.2

Use of doublet cemented Measures of correct


and separated one to
aberrations.
minimize chromatic
aberration.

Brain storming

Lecture 10 Optics(Coherence (spatial,


temporal))

T-2:Section 35.5

RW-3

Corelation between the Spatial coherence


Simulation on the
light waves with respect something to deal
topic
to space and time
with
size of source and
temporal is decided
by
monochromaticity of
source

T-2:Section 35.6

RW-2

Interference involving
two light sources

Week 3

Week 4

Optics(Interference in
double slit)

Lecture 11 Optics(Intensity on screen in


case of double slit)

T-2:Section 35.6

RW-15

Conditions of
constructive and
destructive
interference

Video lecture

How intensity on screen There is formation of Brain storming


varies in double slit
bright and dark
experiment
fringes on the screen

Example of laser
can be
illustrated to
explain
coherence

Week 4

Lecture 12 Optics(Interference in thin


films of uniform thickness
(derivation))

T-2:Section 35.7

Week 5

Lecture 13 Optics(Diffraction at single


slit)

T-2:Section 36.3

Lecture 14 Optics(Diffraction at single


slit)

T-2:Section 36.3

Illustration of thin film


interference with
suitable
examples

Path difference
between
two rays decides the
interference

RW-1

Diffraction at single slit


and condition for
minima
on screen

Intensity is maximum Video lecture


at
the center, it reduces
as
we go away from the
center

An optical
Compact disc
act as grating.

RW-1

Diffraction at single slit


and condition for
minima
on screen

Intensity is maximum Video lecture


at
the center, it reduces
as
we go away from the
center

An optical
Compact disc
act as grating.

Optical compact
disc

Lecture 15
Week 6

Wings of a
butter fly,
oil on water,
soap bubble etc.

Term Paper,Test1

Lecture 16 Optics(Diffraction Grating


use as a monochromator)

T-2:Section 36.8

RW-4

What is diffraction
grating and its uses

Diffraction grating is Animation on the


used to separate two topic
closely spaced
wavelengths

T-1:Section 27.1-27.3

RW-5

Introduction on fibers
and optics involved.
Introduction to Total
internal reflection

Revolution in
Video link
communication by
use of optical
fibres.How optical
fiber act as a
dielectric wave guide

Fiber Optics(Optical fiber as T-1:Section 27.1-27.3


a dielectric wave guide- total
internal reflection)

RW-6

Introduction on fibers
and optics involved.
Introduction to Total
internal reflection

Revolution in
Video link
communication by
use of optical
fibres.How optical
fiber act as a
dielectric wave guide

Lecture 17 Fiber Optics(Fiber Optics


Introduction)

Week 7

Brain storming

Lecture 18 Fiber Optics(Numerical


aperture and various fiber
parameters)

T-1:Section 27.7
R-2:Ch.24 page634

Numerical aperture and various parameters


various fiber parameters associated with the
fiber.

Brain storming

Lecture 19 Fiber Optics(Step index and


Graded index fibers)

T-1:Ch.24 page637638

Step index and Graded


index fibers

Brain storming

On the basis of
refractive index
profile
fibers are further
divided into these
categories

Data
communication
through optical
fiber cables

Week 7

Lecture 20 Fiber Optics(Losses


associated with optical
fibers)

T-1:Section 27.8
R-2:Ch.24 page645648

Losses associated with


optical fibers

Attenuation
Brain storming
associated
with the optical fiber
scattering,
absorption,
bending losses etc

Losses like
absorption,
scattering,
dispersion etc.

Lecture 21 Fiber Optics(Application of


optical fibers)

T-1:Section 27.14
R-2:Ch.24 page657660

Application of optical
fibers like endoscopy,
sensors etc

Used in
communication
of data in terms of
light
signals

Endoscopes,
temperature
sensors

A video link

MID-TERM
Week 8

Week 9

Lecture 22 Elastic Properties of


materials(Elastic constantsYoung's modulus, Bulk
modulus, modulus of
rigidity)

R-3:Ch.2

RW-14

Definitions of three
Importance of elastic Slide show and
moduli with examples in constants e.g bulk
brain
each case.
modulus decides
storming
speed of sound in
given medium

Lecture 23 Elastic Properties of


materials(Relation between
elastic constants)

R-3:Section 2.7-2.8

RW-12

Relation between
Young's modulus and
Bulk modulus

How various elastic


constant are linked
with
each other

Slide show and


brain
storming

Lecture 24 Elastic Properties of


materials(Relation between
young's modulus and Bulk
modulus- Derivation)

R-3:Section 2.7-2.8

Relation between
modulus of elasticity
and modulus of rigidity.
Check course file for
this topic.

How various elastic


constant are linked
with
each other

Slide show and


brain
storming

Lecture 25 Elastic Properties of


materials(Internal bending
moment)

R-3:Ch.6

Internal bending
moment of cantilevers

Illustration of
bending
moment of
cantilevers

Slide show and


brain
storming

Bending of beams
cantilever under stress

What happens when


beams and
cantilevers
are under stress

Slide show and


brain
storming

Illustration of SHM Slide show and


through various
brain
examples like simple storming
pendulum, repeated
circular motion

RW-13

Lecture 26 Elastic Properties of


R-3:Section 6.7-6.8
materials(Bending of beamscantilever ( pointed load at
one end, uniformly
distributed load))
Lecture 27 Waves and Vibrations
(Simple harmonic motion
its expression and
differential equation)

Week 10 Lecture 28 Waves and Vibrations


(Superposition of two linear
SHMs (with same
frequency))

T-1:section 7.1- 7.2


T-2:Section 15.1-15.2

RW-9

What is simple
harmonic
motion, it differential
equation

R-2:Ch.20 page505508

RW-11

Superposition of two
What happens when Simulation on the
linear SHMs with same two same frequencies topic
frequency
interfere

Lissajous
figures.

Week 10 Lecture 29 Waves and Vibrations


(Damped vibration
differential equation and its
solution, critical damping)
Lecture 30 Waves and Vibrations
(Forced vibration
differential equation)

T-1:Section 7.3
T-2:Section 15.8

AV-1

What happens when the


vibrations are damped
by
a viscous medium

How equation of
motion get changed
and
its solution

Video lecture

T-1:Section 7.4
T-2:Section 15.9

AV-1

Forced vibrations and


differential equation
involved

How forced vibration video lecture


can lead to resonance

Week 11 Lecture 31 Waves and Vibrations


(Amplitude and velocity
resonance)

T-1:Section 7.4.1

Amplitude and velocity When frequencies of Brain


resonance,energy
two states matches
storming
transfer
there is maximum
energy transfer

Lecture 32 Waves and Vibrations


(Amplitude and velocity
resonance)

T-1:Section 7.4.1

Amplitude and velocity When frequencies of Brain


resonance,energy
two states matches
storming
transfer
there is maximum
energy transfer

Lecture 33 Waves and Vibrations


(Sharpness of
resonance and Quality
factor)

T-1:Section 7.4.1

Sharpness of
resonanceand Quality
factor

Week 12 Lecture 34

These parameters
Slide show and
defines the quality of brain
resonance
storming
Slide show and brain
storming

Term Paper,Test2

Lecture 35 Sound(Sound wave


propagation)

Sound(Traveling sound
wave - displacement and
pressure
amplitude)

T-2:Section 17.1-17.2

Introduction to sound
wave propagation

Sound propagates
through pressure
variations in air
medium

Slide show and


brain
storming

T-2:Section 17.4

Traveling sound wave


displacement and
pressure amplitude

Displacement and
pressure amplitudes
are
90 degree out of
phase

Slide show and


brain
storming

Lecture 36
Week 13 Lecture 37 Sound(The speed of sound)

Lecture 38 Sound(Intensity and sound


levels)

Term Paper,Test3
T-2:Section 17.3

Derivation of the speed


of sound relation

Speed of sound
Slide show and
depends
brain
on elastic and inertial storming
properties of the
material

T-2:Section 17.6

Measurement of sound
intensity in terms of
decibels

Decibels is a derived Slide show and


scale which describes brain
intensity of sound
storming

Week 13 Lecture 39 Sound(Standing waves in air


column-pipe opened at both
ends, closed at one end)

T-2:Section 17.7

Standing waves in air


columnpipe opened at
both ends, closed at one
end

These are the basics


behind any piped
instrument like
trumpet,
flute etc

Slide show and


brain
storming

Week 14 Lecture 40 Sound(Beats (Interference in


time))

T-2:Section 17.8

RW-8

Interference of sound in Number of beats can Animation on the


time
be calculated by
topic
causes beats
difference
in frequency of two
sound waves

Lecture 41 Sound(Doppler effect and


applications)

T-2:Section 17.9

RW-7

Doppler effect and


applications like speed
gun, detection of
moving
objects

There is change in
frequency of sound
due
to relative motion
between the bodies

Animation on the
topic

Lecture 42 Sound(Supersonic speeds


and Shock waves)

T-2:Section 17.10

Supersonic speeds and


Shock waves and
various
parameters involved

When a body moves


more than speed of
sound there is
generation of shock
waves

Slide show and


brain
storming

SPILL OVER
Week 15 Lecture 43

Spill Over

Lecture 44

Spill Over

Lecture 45

Spill Over

Scheme for CA:


Component

Frequency

Term Paper,Test

Out Of
2

Each Marks Total Marks


3

Total :-

10

20

10

20

Details of Academic Task(s)


AT No.

Term Paper1

Objective

Topic of the Academic Task

Nature of Academic Task


(group/individuals/field
work

To enhance
A term paper topic on physics will be given to the students.
Individual
literature survey
Student will search literature for the same and will submit a report
skills of the students. at the end. There will be two reviews before final submission the
term paper.

Evaluation Mode

30 marks ( Mid
Term report- 5
marks End Term
report- 15 marks
Viva- 10 marks)

Allottment /
submission Week
2 / 12

Test1

To enhance the
logical and
conceptual skills of
the students

Syllabus of test-1 will be from lecture1 to lecture12 . Different


tests will be given to different groups. Questions must the
multiple of 5 marks.

Test2

To check numerical Syllabus of test-2 will be from lecture22 to lecture34. Different


and conceptual
test will be given to different groups. Total marks of the test will
ability.
be

Individual

30 marks test scale


down to 10 marks.

3/5

Individual

30 marks test scale


down to 10 marks

9 / 11

List of suggested topics for term paper[at least 15] (Student to spend about 15 hrs on any one specified term paper)
Sr. No.

Topic
1 Fiber optics
2 Total internal reflection
3 Attenuation in optical fibres
4 Simple harmonic motion
5 Forced oscillations and resonance
6 Lissagous figures
7 Shock waves
8 Elastic constants
9 Relation between elastic constants

10 Bending of beams and cantilevers


11 Intensity of sound and sound levels
12 Damped oscillations
13 Lens aberrations
14 Measures to correct lens aberrations
15 Dispersion in optical fibers
16 Application of optical fibers
17 Lasers
18 Applications of lasers
19 Carbon nanotubes
20 Applications of nanotechnology