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Department of Defense

DoD Civilians and Contractor


Training
Introduction

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #1

Introduction

About This Training


Designed by JCS in coordination with OSD
and Services
Designed to increase awareness of
terrorism and improve ability to apply
personal protective measures
Meets the annual requirement for Level I
antiterrorism training prescribed by DoDI
2000.16
Complements Web-based and CD-ROM
training
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #2

Introduction

Learning Objectives
Understand the terrorist threat
Understand how to employ situation-based
measures to lower your vulnerability

Recognize proper responses to threat


actions
Understand how to support unit security

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #3

Introduction

Chairman, JCS
Guidance
Our number one priority
win the war on terrorism
Personal safety is important

I urge you to:


Remain alert
Be aware of your surroundings
Report suspicious activity
Pay attention to antiterrorism
briefings
Make security part of your
routine

Avoid becoming a target


Necessary to defend America
and protect our freedoms
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #4

Introduction

Lesson Map

Introduction

Scenario

Historical
Examples

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #5

Introduction

Threat Briefing
and DOD Systems
Threat Briefing
Factors to consider about the
threat
How terrorists select targets
How terrorists identify targets

DOD Systems
Terrorism threat levels & warnings
Force protection conditions

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #6

Introduction

Threat Factors
Are there
any terrorist
groups in
my area?

Do they
attack
Americans?

Are they
violent?

How active
are they?

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #7

Introduction

Threat Factors (Continued)

How
sophisticated
are they?

Will the local


population warn
Americans?

How do they
operateare they
predictable?

What tactics?
What weapons?
What type of
attacks?

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #8

Introduction

Target Selection

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #9

Introduction

Target Identification

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #10

Introduction

DOD Terrorism
Threat Levels
Consider a
terrorist groups

High
Significant
Moderate

Low

Operational
Increasing capability
Threat
Activities
Intentions

And the operating


environment
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #11

Introduction

Force Protection Conditions


Sample
protective measures

Gate guards
Barriers
ID checks
Vehicle inspections
Patrols
Plan rehearsals

Delta
Charlie
Increasing
Protection

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Bravo

Alpha
Normal
Slide #12

Introduction

FPCON Normal
When there is a general
global threat of possible
terrorist activity, but it
warrants only a routine
security posture
A terrorist attack is always
possible
Best information available
offers no indication of
probable attack

Expect to see a routine


security posture

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #13

Introduction

FPCON Alpha
When there is a general
threat of possible terrorist
activity, the nature and
extent of which are
unpredictable, against
personnel and facilities
General conditions suggest
possible violence
Nothing indicates that this
installation is targeted
Must be capable of being
maintained indefinitely

Expect random vehicle checks and


increased crime prevention efforts

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #14

Introduction

FPCON Bravo
When an increased and
more predictable terrorist
threat activity exists
Specific information
suggests probable violence
Nothing indicates that this
installation is targeted
Extra precaution is
appropriate to deter terrorist
planning
Must be capable of being
maintained for weeks
without hardship

Expect to see closer inspection of


vehicles and deliveries, ID checks,
and a greater presence of guards
on your installation

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #15

Introduction

FPCON Charlie
When an incident occurs or
when intelligence indicates
that some form of terrorist
targeting against personnel
and facilities is imminent
Evidence of terrorist attack
planning, such as terrorist
surveillance or reports from
local sources
Expect rigorous efforts to inspect
vehicles and facilities;
Strong protective measures
are required, but the unit must you may be required to participate
in special security duties
continue its regular mission
activities
Implemented for a short time
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #16

Introduction

FPCON Delta
When a terrorist attack has
occurred or intelligence
indicates imminent
terrorist action against a
specific location
Normally, FPCON Delta is
used as a localized warning
The installation moves to a
high state of alert, and
implements mandatory
security measures
Commanders encouraged to
supplement mandatory
security measures

Additional security measures


delay and interrupt normal routines

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #17

Introduction

Random Antiterrorism
Measures
Force Protection Condition Normal plus
random antiterrorism measures
day

Monday

Random
vehicle
inspections

Tuesday

ID
checks

Wednesday

Thursday

Roll out
quick-reaction
force

ID
checks

Friday

Close gate,
place
barriers

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Saturday

Sun

Random
vehicle
inspections

Slide #18

Introduction

DHS Homeland Security


Advisory System
Created in March 2002 to inform
the US public of changes in the
threat of domestic terrorism
Adjusted at national and local
levels based on intelligence and
law enforcement agency (LEA)
information
Applies only to the US and its
territories
May trigger additional security
measures at Federal buildings
and increased LEA activity
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #19

Introduction

DHS Homeland Security


Advisory System Green
Declared when there is a low
risk of terrorist attacks
At this level, recommend you:
Develop a family emergency plan
Create an Emergency Supply Kit
for your household
Visit www.Ready.gov or call
1-800-BE-READY
Know how to shelter-in-place
Seek volunteer opportunities in
your community
Complete an emergency response
course
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #20

Introduction

DHS Homeland Security


Advisory System Blue
Declared when there is a
general risk of terrorist attacks
At this level, recommend you:

Complete recommended steps at


level green
Review stored disaster supplies
and replace items that are outdated
Be alert to suspicious activity and
report it to proper authorities

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #21

Introduction

DHS Homeland Security


Advisory System Yellow
Declared when there is a
significant risk of terrorist attack
At this level, recommend you:

Complete recommended steps at


levels green and blue
Ensure disaster supply kit is stocked
and ready
Check telephone numbers in family
emergency plan
Develop alternate routes to/from
work or school
Continue to be alert for suspicious
activity

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #22

Introduction

DHS Homeland Security


Advisory System Orange
Declared when there is a high
risk of terrorist attacks
At this level, recommend you:

Complete recommended steps at


lower levels
Exercise caution when traveling
Review your family emergency plan
with family members
Be Patient Expect some delays
Check on neighbors or others that
might need assistance in an
emergency

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #23

Introduction

DHS Homeland Security


Advisory System Red
Declared when there is a severe
risk of terrorist attacks
At this level, recommend you:

Complete all lower level actions


Listen to local emergency
management officials
Stay tuned to TV or radio for current
information / instructions
Be prepared to shelter-in-place or
evacuate, as instructed
Expect traffic delays and restrictions
Volunteer services only as requested
Contact your school / business to
determine status of workday

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #24

Introduction

AT Themes
Blend in, dont be an
easily identified target
Think ahead and
choose safer options
Look for suspicious
persons/activities
Prevent crime,
maintain security
Change routines, routes,
times, and speeds
Cooperate with unit
security measures
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #25

Introduction

Discussion
To help combat terrorism, General Pace asks
you to do which of these?
a) Be alert to the threat of terrorism, be aware
of your surroundings, report suspicious
behavior
b) Be a team player, plan ahead, and keep a
low profile
c) Actively represent DOD

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #26

Introduction

Discussion
Which topic will not be presented in this AT
awareness training?
a) Threat briefing

b) CONUS/OCONUS scenarios
c) DoD counterterrorism capabilities
d) Historical overview of recent terrorist
incidents

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #27

Introduction

Discussion
Which is not one of the eight factors you
should consider when evaluating the
threat in your environment?

a) Level of sophistication
b) Victim nationalities
c) Method of operation
d) International notoriety

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #28

Introduction

Discussion
Which will do the most to reduce vulnerability?
a) Avoid locations terrorists might target, stay
in large groups, be anonymous
b) Be alert, avoid the appearance of
importance, blend in with the local
population
c) Use a cell phone, avoid locations terrorists
might target, and display your identification
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #29

Introduction

Discussion
What measures can you expect to encounter
at FPCON Alpha?
a) Inspection of vehicles and deliveries, ID
checks, and more guards
b) Random vehicle checks and increased
crime prevention efforts
c) Rigorous inspection of vehicles and
facilities, participation in special guard
duties
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #30

Introduction

Discussion
Which FPCON is used when a terrorist
incident occurs or intelligence indicates that
terrorist action or targeting against personnel
and facilities is imminent?
a) Alpha
b) Bravo

c) Charlie
d) Delta
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #31

Introduction

Discussion
Which FPCON is used where a terrorist attack
has occurred or when intelligence has been
received that terrorist action against a
specific location is imminent?
a) Alpha
b) Bravo

c) Charlie
d) Delta
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #32

Introduction

Discussion
Which is not one of the six AT themes?
a) Plan ahead

b) Be unpredictable
c) Control access
d) Identify potential terrorists

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #33

Department of Defense
DoD Civilians and Contractor
Training
Scenario

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #34

Civilian Scenario

Lesson Map

Introduction

Scenario

Historical
Examples

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #35

OCONUS Scenario

AT Themes
Blend in, dont be an
easily identified target
Think ahead and
choose safer options
Look for suspicious
persons/activities
Prevent crime,
maintain security
Change routines, routes,
times, and speeds
Cooperate with unit
security measures
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #36

Civilian Scenario

Introduction
This module presents a series of
situations with multiple courses of action
Situations were selected to reinforce the
course learning objectives
Each situation is designed to highlight
one or more AT themes
Applicable AT themes will be highlighted

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #37

Civilian Scenario

Scenario
You have been told to go TDY to Los Angeles for a
conference. Recent World Trade Organization protests
have created a higher threat level than usual.
Air travel
Ground travel
Hotel security

Vehicle bomb
Government facility

You will encounter


situations pertaining
to all of these

Hostage survival

Returning home
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #38

Civilian Scenario

Air Travel

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #39

Civilian Scenario

Air Travel
Packing for the trip
Choosing a seat
Moving through the airport terminal
Encountering danger

Negotiating with the skyjacker


Interacting with local authorities

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #40

Civilian Scenario

Packing for the Trip


What should you pack?

You are packing

1) Wear a polo shirt and


windbreaker displaying your
DoD agency name and emblem,
and pack a suitcase with a big
military recruiting sticker on
the side
2) Remembering to remove
military insignia, you wear a
surplus military flight jacket or
field jacket, jeans, and running
shoes, and pack a duffel bag
3) Wear casual clothing,
windbreaker, and polo shirt
and pack a plain suitcase with
covered nametags

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #41

Civilian Scenario

Choosing a Seat
What should you
pick?
1) Middle seat,
rear of the aircraft
You must choose a
seat for your trip

2) Window seat,
middle of the aircraft
3) Aisle seat,
front of the aircraft

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #42

Civilian Scenario

Moving Through the Airport


Terminal
What should you do?
1) Show your DoD ID, take
control, and try to calm
the people down

There is a commotion
at the security gate

2) Wait and do nothing


while security
personnel handle it.
Leave if situation
worsens
3) Tell them to hurry up
because you have a
plane to catch

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #43

Civilian Scenario

Airplane Hijacking
Ideas for immediate
response

The plane has been


skyjacked

Be alert, remain calm

Hide your DoD ID

Encourage others to
remain calm

Try to understand the


developing situation

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #44

Civilian Scenario

Airplane Hijackings
Things to Consider
Is a Federal Air
Marshall on the
aircraft?

How heavily
armed are the
hijackers?

Do hijackers closely
monitor activities of
passengers?

Are pilots left in


control of the
plane?

What is the
hijackers
destination?

Do hijackers
demand ID from
passengers?

Is someone
in a position
to resist the
hijackers?

Are passengers
able to place calls
to people on the
ground?

Are passengers
singled out based
on nationality or
affiliation?

Remain Calm,
Comply with Demands

Continuously Evaluate
the Situation

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #45

Civilian Scenario

Interacting With Local


Authorities
What should you do?
1)
2)

The skyjacking
situation has been
resolved you are being
debriefed

3)

Provide information
only if they ask you
questions
Cooperate and provide
your contact
information and an
account of events
Tell them to contact
the U.S. Government

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #46

Civilian Scenario

Ground Travel

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #47

Civilian Scenario

Ground Travel
Continuing your travel
Renting a car
Taking a taxi / public transportation

Tourism safety
Inspecting your vehicle
Getting directions
Driving under surveillance
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #48

Civilian Scenario

Contacting Your Base


For your safety, what does
your base POC urge you to
have with you while in the
city?

You contact the base


POC to discuss the
Incident on the plane

1) Maps of the local area, a


list of emergency phone
numbers, and proper ID
2) Maps of the local area, a
list of contact emergency
phone numbers, and plenty
of money
3) Maps of the local area, a
list of contact phone
numbers for emergency
situations, and a 2-way,
military radio

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #49

Civilian Scenario

Continuing Your Travel

Despite the incident,


you are continuing
your travel

Your POC tells you that


the base is at Force
Protection Condition
(FPCON) Alpha. She also
tells you that there is no
space on base, so you
proceed with your plan
to get a rental car and go
to a hotel. You head to
the car rental counter.

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #50

Civilian Scenario

Renting a Car
Which car should you
choose?
1) An older model car
from a discount car
rental company
You are deciding
which car to rent you wisely decided
not to rent a sports
car

2) A new, oversized SUV


3) A recent model,
medium-size, sedan

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #51

Civilian Scenario

Taking a Taxi
What are some important
factors to consider
when using a taxi?

If you need to take a


taxi during your trip

1) Take the taxi


recommended by the
airport staff.
2) Take the best offer to save
as much money as
possible.
3) Look for the distinctive
markings of a legitimate
taxi company (logos, color,
vehicle type).

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #52

Civilian Scenario

Taking Public Transportation


Basic AT practices while using
public transportation:

If you need to take


public transportation
during your trip

Check travelers tips from US


Consular Offices, travel agencies
and websites
Have a plan and move from one
secure location to the next
Travel in a group and remain in
secure, well-lit public areas
Change times and routes
Accept food and drink only from
authorized vendors
Lock your compartment door
Crack a window for fresh air
Report any suspicious activity

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #53

Civilian Scenario

Tourism Safety
While sightseeing, keep good
antiterrorism practices in mind

Protect yourself
while sightseeing
Be prudent, be a hard
target, and report
suspicious activity

Research the threat


Plan activities at safe locations
Ask a someone to join you
Conceal your military affiliation
Conform to local culture
Do not bring attention to yourself
Be aware of suspicious behavior
Note objects that can hide an IED
Avoid public disturbances and
political demonstrations
Avoid religious sites where your
presence may be offensive

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #54

Civilian Scenario

Inspecting Your Vehicle


When do you inspect
your rental car?

You know you should


inspect and
familiarize yourself
with your rental car

1)

Prior to leaving the rental


car parking lot and every
time the vehicle is left in
an unsecured location

2)

After the car is parked in


an unsecured location

3)

At the earliest convenient


time

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #55

Civilian Scenario

Getting Directions
What should you do?

You need directions


to drive from the
airport to the hotel

1) Ask the clerk at the


rental car counter
2) Use your hotels
courtesy phone to
call and ask for
directions
3) Call the hotel from a
pay phone and ask
for directions to their
location using major
highways

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #56

Civilian Scenario

Driving Under Surveillance


What should you do?

You suspect that you


are being tailed
you know that you
should not try to
outrun the other
vehicle

1) Drive at normal speed to a


public location or the front
of your hotel, avoiding
chokepoints and getting
boxed in
2) Slow down and let the
truck pass, make eye
contact with driver, get a
description of the driver
3) Turn off onto a side street
and park in an ally to lose
the pursuer

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #57

Civilian Scenario

Hotel Security

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #58

Civilian Scenario

Hotel Security
Choosing a room
Inspecting your room
Dining out

Returning to your room

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #59

Civilian Scenario

Choosing a Room
What should you do?
1)
2)
3)

You are check into


the hotel
your room is on the
first floor but you
have the option to
change

4)

Keep first floor room


Trade for one on the 4th
floor, near a fire exit, that
opens to the hotel interior
Trade for one on the 4th
floor, near the elevators,
that opens to the exterior of
hotel
Trade for one on the 12th
floor, near the elevators,
that opens to interior of the
hotel

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #60

Civilian Scenario

Inspecting Your Room


What should you check?
1)

2)

You are in your


hotel room

3)

Operational locks on doors,


balcony, and windows.
Ensure phone works and that
you know how to place
emergency calls
Operational locks on doors
and windows. Ensure
television and telephone
work.
Operational locks on the
door. Ensure the television
works. Look for a lock box
and mini-bar in the room.
Also, ensure phone works

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #61

Civilian Scenario

Dining Out
How should you respond?

A stranger starts
asking you questions
about your work

1)

Dont say anything! Just


eat your food and ignore
the stranger

2)

Engage in some
conversation, but do
not talk about anything
personal or about your
purpose here

3)

Relax and enjoy the dinner


conversation

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #62

Civilian Scenario

Returning to Your Room


How should you proceed?
1)

2)

You are heading


back to your room and
you notice the stranger
from dinner in
the lobby

3)

Approach stranger to ask the


time, get description, and let
the stranger know that you are
alert to his or her behavior
Stop at public area of the hotel
for a few minutes; if the
individual is still there, report
stranger to front desk, take an
indirect route to your room,
inform base security and
provide description
Avoid the individual in the
lobby, take the elevator directly
to your floor. Inform base
security and provide a
description

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #63

Civilian Scenario

Vehicle Improvised
Explosive Device

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #64

Civilian Scenario

Vehicle Improvised
Explosive Device
Inspecting the vehicle
Finding a suspicious package
Changing plans

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #65

Civilian Scenario

Inspecting the Vehicle


What should you do first?
1)

2)

You are in a hurry,


but you remember
to inspect your car

3)

Carefully inspect the exterior,


but since the car was locked
dont examine the interior,
trunk, engine, or fuel door
Open and inspect the engine
compartment and trunk. Alert
the hotel manager if evidence
of tampering
Without touching the car,
inspect the exterior to include
wheel wells and undercarriage.
Alert the hotel manager or
police if any sign of tampering

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #66

Civilian Scenario

Finding a Suspicious
Package
What should you do?
1)
2)

You are inspecting


your car and find a
suspicious package

3)

Carefully remove the box


and call the police
to confiscate it
Tell the hotel staff that
someone has tampered
with your vehicle and have
them contact the
authorities
Perform a careful
inspection of the box,
looking for protruding
wires and oil spots

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #67

Civilian Scenario

Changing Plans
What precautions
should you take?

1)

The bomb squad


disabled a smoke
grenade. You are
continuing on.

2)

3)

Request the bomb squad


inspect your car, inform
base security of the
incident, change to a
different hotel, trade in
your rental car for a
different one
Stay at the hotel until an
armored car can be sent to
pick you up
Drive immediately to the
base using a different
route than the day before

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #68

Civilian Scenario

In a Government Facility

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #69

Civilian Scenario

In a Government Facility
Approaching the gate
Detecting surveillance
Noticing a violation

Making lunch plans

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #70

Civilian Scenario

Approaching the Gate


What do you do?
1)
2)

As you approach,
security appears tight

3)

Though you do not say


anything, you show your
irritation at being delayed
Get out of your car to get a
better view of the
procedures at the gate
Stay in your car, provide
identification for all
occupants, and cooperate
with guard instructions.
Remain alert for suspicious
activities outside the gate
area

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #71

Civilian Scenario

Detecting Surveillance
What do you do?

The man at the


bus stop seems to be
watching the base

1)

Carefully get out of line and


drive away from the base,
passing the stranger and
getting a thorough
description for the security
forces

2)

Tell the security guard what


you have seen and provide a
description of the individual

3)

Do nothing; he is probably
waiting for another bus

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #72

Civilian Scenario

Noticing a Violation
What do you do?

You are at the


conference facility
and notice a door
propped open

1) Close the door and then


point out the security
violation to one of the
conference managers
2) Point out the security
violation to one of the
conference managers
3) Keep an eye on the
door yourself

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #73

Civilian Scenario

Making Lunch Plans


What do you do?
1) Join them for lunch
theres safety in
numbers
Your fellow meeting
attendees plan to
eat lunch off base

2) Suggest that they find a


less-visible location off
base

3) Propose that they eat at


a restaurant concession
on the base

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #74

Civilian Scenario

Hostage Survival

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #75

Civilian Scenario

Hostage Survival
Receiving an unexpected delivery
Responding to the threat
Dealing with the terrorists

Stockholm syndrome
Being rescued

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #76

Civilian Scenario

Receiving a
Delivery at Your Hotel
How should you respond?
1)
2)

There is a knock
at your hotel room
door from
someone who says
he is from room
service

3)

Tell him to leave it outside


your door and you will get it
in a while
Tell the person to wait, call
the front desk to confirm the
identity of the employee at
your door before receiving
the delivery
Tell him to leave it at the
front desk and you will get it
later. Then call the front
desk to confirm the package
sender and addressee. If
not urgent, get it in the
morning

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #77

Civilian Scenario

Responding to a Threat
How should you respond?
1) Since you are faced with
deadly force. do not resist as
the intruder comes in to
search your room and
belongings

A man bursts
through the door
pointing a gun

2) Try to slam the door as


quickly and as hard as you
can, then duck to the floor
3) Grapple with the intruder for
control of his weapon

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #78

Civilian Scenario

Dealing With the Terrorists


How should you respond?

Your captors are


ranting and asking
you questions

1)

Use your imagination to invent


stories to confuse them and
resist their interrogations.
Respond to questions but do
not engage in conversation

2)

Answer their questions calmly,


but do not agree to their
accusations. Lie only to protect
classified information, and stick
with a simple credible story

3)

Tell them they are wrong about


DoD - explain why you are
proud to be an American

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #79

Civilian Scenario

The Stockholm Syndrome


The Stockholm Syndrome is the
behavior of hostages who, over
time, become sympathetic to their
captors
Contributing factors include:

Be aware of the
Stockholm Syndrome

Credible threat to survival and


inability to escape
Perceived small kindness from the
captor
Isolation from perspectives other
than the captors

If you become a hostage remain


vigilant to your core values and
those of your country and never
dismiss your needs, morals, and
ideals

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #80

Civilian Scenario

Being Rescued
What should you do?
1) Roll off the bed, remain
quiet, and stay on the floor
until you are told to do
otherwise

The door flies open;


a rescue is in
progress

2) Shout instructions to the


rescue team and try to get to
your feet
3) Remain still, seated on the
bed, and shout warnings to
the rescue team

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #81

Civilian Scenario

Returning Home

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #82

Civilian Scenario

Returning Home
Suggesting base security measures
Suspicious Activity
Receiving a suspicious package in the mail

Following evacuation instructions


Conducting physical security at home
Planning for home security

Choosing an apartment
Protecting personal information
Cyber security
Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #83

Civilian Scenario

Suggesting Base Security


Measures
What should you
suggest?

Once you are home,


your supervisor asks
you what measures
could be used to
improve security on
your home base

1) Alter the measures that


are employed at the
bases current FPCON
2) Raise the local FPCON
to a higher level
3) Use some higher-level
FPCON measures
randomly at your
current FPCON

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #84

Civilian Scenario

Suspicious Activity at Work


What should you do?

While at work you


notice a janitor
displaying suspicious
activity

1) Ask him why he is


searching through the
trash
2) Have him escorted from
the facility immediately
3) Make a thorough list of
his activities and report
him to your supervisor
immediately

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #85

Civilian Scenario

Suspicious Package at Work


You know you should not
open it, but what do
you do?

You find a package


in the mailroom
marked Personel for
the Comendar

1) Without opening the


package, thoroughly
examine it looking for oily
spots on the outside and
protruding wires
2) Destroy the package
immediately by immersing it
in water
3) Leave the package alone,
isolate the room, and notify
security personnel

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #86

Civilian Scenario

Complying with Evacuation


Instructions
What do you do?
1) Quickly secure classified
information, and then exit
down the rear staircase

2) Ask the security guard for


identification and an
explanation before
complying

A security guard
enters your workspace 3) Wait to see what other
workers in your office do
and tells you to
since it might be a false
evacuate the building
alarm or just a drill

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #87

Civilian Scenario

Conducting Physical
Security at Home
Which action does not
make sense?

You are improving


security at your
residence

1) Cut back the shrubbery


2) Put good locks on all doors
and windows
3) Place a door key under a
flowerpot on the front
porch
4) Put up additional exterior
lighting and a peephole
5) Display guard dog,
security, or alarm
service warning signs

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #88

Civilian Scenario

Planning for Home Security


You are discussing security with your family.
Which action does not make sense?
1)

Post emergency telephone


numbers and ensure that
your children know how to
use them

2)

Establish a household
rule:only a responsible
adult may open an outside
door to a visitor

3)

Prominently display your


name on your house or
mailbox

4) Ensure that adults know to


call the utility company to
verify utility workers
identities before permitting
their entry
5) Plan for an emergency
location in a well-lit public
place for family members to
gather in an emergency
6) Remind family members to
be alert to activities in your
neighborhood and ensure
that they know whom to call
if they see something
suspicious

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #89

Civilian Scenario

Choosing an Apartment
Consider the following:
General area:

Low crime rate and located close to


police and fire departments

Apartment Complex:

Considerations for
choosing an
apartment

Low visibility, good physical


security and a security presence

Individual Buildings:

Electronic surveillance, access


control systems, good standoff and
multiple entries / exits

Individual Apartment:

Proper locks on windows and


doors and is the apartment on the
third to seventh floors

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #90

Civilian Scenario

Protecting Personal
Information
What should you do?

You are thinking


about different
ways to manage
your personal
information

1) Allow the local phone


company to list only your
name and phone number in
the public directory
2) Take out a newspaper
classified ad that lists your
name, address, and phone
number
3) Remove personal
information such as your
address and phone number
from all public listings and
shred paper trash with
personal information

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #91

Civilian Scenario

Cyber Security
Avoid providing information to a
wider audience than intended:

Protect personal
information to maintain
anonymity
If you suspect compromise
of personal or official
information, contact your
security officer immediately

Sanitize personal homepages by


removing your address, family
member names, childrens
schools, and military rank and unit
activities
Do not reveal personal information
during on-line chat sessions
Avoid entering personal
information into on-line profiles
Carefully consider what you put
into email since it is not secure
Use antivirus software and a
firewall
Avoid using public computers in
airports and libraries

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Slide #92

Historical Applications

Historical Incidents

Khobar Towers
TWA 847
CAPT Nordeen
Berlin Discotheque
Oklahoma City Bombing
Beirut Bombing
GEN Dozier (Residential)
GEN Dozier (Hostage)
CAPT Tsantes/MSG Judd
Nairobi Embassy Bombing
USS Cole
GEN Haig/GEN Kroesen
WTC and Pentagon
Madrid Subway

Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

Exit to End
Slide #93

Historical Applications

Khobar Towers
Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
20,000-lb. truck bomb
3 sentries alerted sleeping
Airmen evacuation was in
progress

Event resulted in increased


force protection awareness
Date: 25 June 1996
Killed: 19
Wounded: Hundreds

Sentries alert to change in local environment saved lives!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #94

Historical Applications

TWA 847
Two terrorists hijacked a plane
in midair
A terrorist killed a Navy Diver
because of his military
affiliation

The terrorists kept the plane


for 17 days
Date: 14 June3 July 1985
Killed: 1 Navy diver
Many passengers beaten

Do not expose your military affiliation!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #95

Historical Applications

CAPT Nordeen
Greek terrorists killed CAPT
Nordeen with car bomb
CAPT Nordeen was killed while
riding in an armored car
The bombing followed weeks
of careful surveillance and
planning
Date: 28 June 1988
Killed: 1
Wounded: Several bystanders

Being unpredictable can save your life!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #96

Historical Applications

Berlin Discotheque
Libyan terrorists placed a
suitcase bomb in a nightclub
Although the alert state was
high in Europe, local threat
conditions in Berlin gave little
indication of attack
Two U.S. sergeants and one
Turkish woman were killed
Date: 5 April 1986
Killed: 3
Wounded: 230

Avoid vulnerable areas with large groups of Americans!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #97

Historical Applications

Oklahoma City Bombing


The weapon was a large truck
bomb parked in front of the
building
The targets were tenant
Federal agencies

Tim McVeigh and Terry Nichols


were apprehended and
convicted of the bombing
Date: 19 April 1995
Killed: 168
Wounded: Hundreds

Be vigilant -- consider the unexpected threat!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #98

Historical Applications

Beirut Bombing
The Islamic Jihad
Organization perpetrated a
suicide truck bombing
Multiple sentries witnessed
the attack but were unable to
stop it
Many and frequent threats
preceded the attack
Date: 23 October 1983
Killed: 244
Wounded: Hundreds

Large Groups of Americans can be targets!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #99

Historical Applications

GEN Dozier (Residential)


Italian Red Brigades kidnapped
U.S. Army BG James Dozier
Terrorists entered Doziers
residence posing as plumbers
Terrorists performed extensive
surveillance
Dozier was rescued by Italian
police
Date: 17 December 1981
Killed: None

Access control is a key line of defense!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #100

Historical Applications

GEN Dozier (Hostage)


Dozier was chained to a cot
inside a 6-foot tent
Captives used loud music and
lights to disorient him
Terrorists interrogated Dozier
repeatedly
Dozier maintained discipline
and dignity
Date: 17 December 1981
Killed: None

Plan and act to be a survivor!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #101

Historical Applications

CAPT Tsantes
N-17 terrorists riding a
motorcycle shot and killed
CAPT Tsantes
MSG Judd was briefed on N-17
tactics
MSG Judd survived attack by
being alert to motorcyclist
approaching in traffic
Date: 15 November 1983
Killed: 2

Know the local threat and be alert!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #102

Historical Applications

Nairobi Embassy Bombing


Terrorists used vehicle born
explosives to attack the U.S.
embassy in Nairobi, Kenya

Date: 7 August 1998


Killed: 259
Injured: 5,000

The sound of gunfire


exchanged between guards
and terrorists brought
hundreds to their windows
to view incident
When vehicles exploded,
persons at windows were
showered with flying glass
and debri

Plan and act to be a survivor!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #103

Historical Applications

USS Cole
Two men maneuvered a 35foot craft alongside the USS
Cole in Yemen
The explosive-laden craft
ripped a 36-ft. hole

Crew members had no


indication the craft was hostile
Date: 12 October 2000
Killed: 17
Wounded: 42

Anticipate the unexpected attack!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #104

Historical Applications

GEN Haig/GEN Kroesen


Red Army Faction launched
attacks on two senior military
commanders in 1979 and 1981
Red Army Faction bombed the
motorcade of Haig and used a
rocket-propelled grenade
against Kroesen
Attacks were preceded by
extensive surveillance and
planning
General Alexander Haig

Alert response and vehicle


armor prevented casualties

Unpredictability can save your life!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #105

Historical Applications

WTC and Pentagon


Terrorists hijacked four loaded
passenger airliners and used
them as guided missiles
Collapsed both World Trade
Center Towers and caused
major damage to the Pentagon
Attack required extensive
planning, preparation and
rehearsal
Date: 11 September 2001
Killed: Over 3000
Wounded: Thousands

Deadliest terrorist attack in


history

Be vigilant and think under pressure!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #106

Historical Applications

Madrid Subway Bombing


Terrorists detonated ten bombs at
three locations along a Madrid
subway line during morning
commute
Attack demonstrates careful
planning and extensive
coordination
Terrorists used cellular phones to
trigger explosives concealed in
backpacks
Date: 11 March 2004
Killed: 191
Wounded: Thousands

Witnesses saw suspects place


backpacks at scene of explosion
and then leave the area no
suspicious activity was reported
to authorities

Report Suspicious Behavior!


Antiterrorism Level I Awareness Training

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Slide #107