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Faculty

Dr. Ravi V

Mr. Nagesh S.N.

Dr. Tulasidas T.N.

Mr. Vishwanth Koti .

Dr. A.Sathyanarayana Swamy

Ms. Jyothilakshmi R.

Dr. N.D.Prasanna

Mr.C.Siddaraju

Dr. Raji George

Mr. Anil Kumar T.

Dr. A.T.Venkatesh

Mr. Kumar R.

Dr. P Dinesh

Mr. Sunit Babu L

Dr.V.Krishnan

Mr Naveen Kumar

Dr. B.S.Reddappa

Mr. Jayachristiyan.K G

Dr. S. Krishna

Mr. Rajesh S

Dr. C.N.Chandrappa

Mr Arun kumar P.C

Dr. S.V.Prakash

Ms.Hemavathy.S

Dr. Putta Bore Gowda

Mr. Mahesh.V.M

Mr. P.L.Srinivasa Murthy

Smt. Bijaylakshmi Das

Mr. K.L.Vishnu Kumar

Mr. Manjunath.G

Dr. K.R.Phaneesh

Mr. D.K.Vishwas

Mr. P.N.Girish Babu

Mr. Mahantesh Matur

Dr. Veeranna B Nasi

Mr Girish V Kulkarni

Dr. C.M.Ramesha

Mr Mohandas K.N

Mr. B.P.Harichandra

Dr.Prasanna Rao N S

Dr. P.B.Nagaraja

Lokesh K

Mr. D. Venkatesh

K Nagesh

Dr. Niranjan Murthy


Mr. Sridhar B.S.

M S RAMAIAH INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, BANGALORE 560 054

(Autonomous Institute, Affiliated to VTU)


SCHEME OF TEACHING
VII SEMESTER B.E MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Sl.
No.

Subject
Code

Subject

ME 701

CAD/CAM

ME702

Heat and Mass Transfer

Teaching
Department
Mechanical
Engineering
Mechanical
Engineering

CREDITS
L* T* P* Total
3

3
3
13

0
0

0
0
2

Any Two Subjects


3

*MES71
*MES72
*MES73

Mechatronics and
Microprocessor
Mechanical Vibrations
Operations Research
Total

L: Lecture

T: Tutorial

Mechanical
Engineering

P: Practical

6
15

S: Soft Core

M S RAMAIAH INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, BANGALORE 560 054

(Autonomous Institute, Affiliated to VTU)


SCHEME OF TEACHING
VIII SEMESTER B.E MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Sl.
No.
1

Subject
Code

Subject

ME 801

Seminar

ME802

Project Work

Teaching Department
Mechanical
Engineering
Mechanical
Engineering

CREDITS
L* T* P* Total
0

15

15

3
3
3
3

0
0
0

3
3
3
16

Any one Subject


3

*MES81
*MES82
*MES83

Energy Engineering
Artificial Intelligence
CNC Machines
Total

L: Lecture

T: Tutorial

Mechanical
Engineering

P: Practical

S: Soft Core

3
19

CAD/CAM
Sub Code : ME 701
Prerequisite: Nil

Credits: 3:0:1

Preamble
Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) involves all the
processes of conceptualizing, designing, analyzing, prototyping and actual manufacturing
with Computer's assistance. Computer based information technologies have been
extensively used to help both designing and manufacturing industries manage their
processes and information system to focus their efforts on increasing the overall
efficiency and meet the customer's requirements. CAD/CAM attempts to integrate the
various stages of product design and development with a "Geometric Model", created
from fundamentals of computational geometry (CG). Latest techniques of geometric
modeling (Feature based or parametric modeling etc) and manufacturing like Rapid
prototyping (RP) have bridged a gap between product conceptualization and product
realization. A versatile Geometric Model can characterize all physical properties of real
component and can incorporate all types of simulations and can quickly generate the
modified outcomes (eg. Production drawings) for a predefined set of design rules. The
benefits extend beyond design to engineering analysis, manufacturing and inspection
which can be automated and integrated with the design. Present day CAD/CAM packages
(Pro-E, ANSYS, Solid works, CATIA, Solid edge, Unigraphic's NX, NISA etc.) are
capable of generating a versatile geometric model that can be used for simulation and
evaluation of all probable practical conditions. Use of CAD/CAM technologies enables
the user to make accurate and precise changes in the geometric models, production
drawings and simulation at any stage of the Product Design and Development Cycle.
Objectives
During the course the students will be learning
1. The fundamentals of CAD/CAM, CAD process, use of data base, advantages of
CAD/CAM.
2. The application of computer in various departments of industry.
3. The required hard ware, memory/storage devices.
4. The functions of graphic packages, transformation of geometry.
5. The basics of geometric modeling like wire frames, surface and solid modeling,
exchange of data etc.
6. In the CAM part, student is introduced the starting from conventional NC System,
coordinate system, Application of NC
7. CNC/DNC basics and adaptive control system
8. Various types of turning and machining centers
9. The manual part programming and computer aided part programming.
10. Finally the basics of robotics, types of configurations, end effectors, sensors and
robot applications
11. Programming for milling and turning operations using ESPRIT and predator
software

Unit I:
Fundamentals of CAD: Definition of CAD/CAM, product cycle (conventional &
computerized), Design process, applications of computers in design process, creating
manufacturing data base, advantages and disadvantages of CAD/CAM
Hardware in CAD: Basic Structure, CPU, Memory Types, Input Devices, Display
Devices, Hard Copy Devices, Storage Devices, Software.
Unit II:
Computer Graphics: Raster Scan Graphics, Coordinate Systems, Database Structure
for Graphic Modeling, functions of graphics package, Transformation of geometry, 2D
transformations Simple problems
Geometric Modelling: Requirements for geometric modeling, Geometric Models,
Geometric Based Modelling, Constrain Based Modelling, Curve Representation, Surface
Representation methods.
Unit III:
Introduction to NC technology, basic components of NC system. NC Coordinate
system, types of NC systems, advantages and applications of NC, influence of computers
in
manufacturing
environment.
DNC, CNC Systems: Types, advantages adaptive control systems, types of CNC turning
centers and machining centers,
Unit IV:
CNC Programming: NC Programming Process, Program Planning, Part Program
Structure, G codes, M codes, drilling and milling programs, turning programs. Cutter
Radius Offset, Sub Programs, Tool Length Offset, Fixed Cycles
Unit V:
Robotics: Introduction, robot configuration, types of robot programming, end effectors
work cell, control and interlock, robot sensor, robot applications.
Introduction to GD&T: Introduction to GD& T, advantages, application, Dimensioning
and Tolerancing fundamentals, Symbols, Terms, Rules.

CIM & AUTOMATION LAB


Pneumatics, Hydraulics, Electro-Pneumatics: Three typical experiments on Bases of
these topics to be conducted.
CAM: Part programming for CNC Machines using CAM Packages to perform Turning
and Milling operations.
CNC Machining: Two models to perform Turning, Taper turning, Grooving and
Threading. And two models to perform drilling and Counter boring operations.
Control System, Robotic and PLC: Analysis of control systems using softwares like
20-SIM/MATLAB/SIMLINK one exercise on root locus plot and Bode plot.
Robot programming: Using Teach Pendent & Offline programming to perform pick and
place, stacking of objects, two programs each.
Development of Ladder Logic Diagram/ Programming PLC for level control, Position
control, Robot pick and place or any two simulations to be carried out.
TEXT BOOKS:
1. CAD/CAM principles and applications by P.N. Rao, Tata MC Graw Hill 2002
2. CAD/CAM by Groover, Tata MC Graw Hill 2003
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
4.

CAD/CAM Ibrahim Zeid- Tata MC Graw Hill 2nd eidtion


Computer graphics- Steron Harrington- Tata MC Graw Hill 2nd eidtion
Computer aided manufacturing- P.N. Rao, Tiwar, Tata MC Graw Hill 3rd eidtion
Geometric dimensioning and Tolerancing for Mechanical design: By Gene R.
Cogorno

Outcome of the course


The student will have learnt the
1. The basics of CAD/CAM, CAD process, CAM process and advantages of
CAD/CAM
2. The required hardware including memory /storage devices.
3. The software functions, transformation of geometries
4. The modeling types, basics of exchange of data
5. In Cam part, they will have learnt fundamentals of NC/CNC/DNC and adaptive
control
6. Both manual and computer assisted part programming
7. Finally the will have learnt about types of robots, end effectors, sensors and
application of robots
8. In the Cam lab; the students will have learnt programming exercise using ESPRIT
and predator software for milling and turning operations.

HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER


Sub Code: ME702
Prerequisite: Nil

Credits: 4:0:1

Preamble:
Heat and Mass Transfer is an important subject in thermal engineering and deals with
various processes in which heat is transferred from one medium to another. It has
applications in the design of processes and equipments where heating or cooling is
involved. Mass transfer exists in several heat transfer problems. Proper understanding
and application of the laws governing the different heat transfer and mass transfer
processes is essential for the design of processes and equipments used in various sectors
such as power, aerospace, automobiles, chemical etc,.
The course on Heat and Mass Transfer has been designed to make students understand
the various principles and processes and apply them to the heat and mass transfer
problems. The subject deals with the different modes of heat transfer including
conduction, convection, radiation, combined heat transfer problems such as heat transfer
from extended surfaces and heat exchangers and two-phase heat transfer. The aspects of
transient conduction and mass transfer will also be introduced. In order to train students
in the design of heat transfer equipment, the course also includes solving numerical
problems. Laboratory work is included to train students in carrying out measurements
and conducting experiments to demonstrate the various heat transfer processes.
Subject learning objectives:
1. Provide sound understanding of the basic principles and laws governing the heat
and mass transfer.
2. To familiarize with the various modes of heat transfer, combined heat transfer
processes and special heat transfer processes.
3. To provide capability to analyze and solve practical problems from basic
principles and provide numerical solutions.
4. To analyze complex heat transfer problems and provide solutions using heat
transfer data hand book.
5. Carryout analysis of various heat transfer processes and design heat transfer
equipment.
6. Conduct experiments related to various heat transfer processes and heat
exchangers and analyze measurement data.
7. Provide capability to handle R&D projects in heat and mass transfer.

UNIT I:
Introductory Concepts, Modes Of Heat Transfer, Basic Laws Of Heat Transfer, Overall
Heat Transfer Coefficient, Boundary Conditions, 3-D Conduction Equation In Cartesian
Coordinates, Discussion On 3-D Conduction Equation In Cylindrical And Spherical
Coordinate Systems(No Derivation). 1-D Conduction Equations In Cartesian, Cylindrical
And Spherical Coordinate Systems. Composite Walls, Cylinders And Spherical Systems
With Constant Thermal Conductivity,.Numerical Problems.
Derivation for heat flow and temperature distribution in plane wall, cylinder, sphere with
variable thermal conductivity, Insulating materials and their selection, critical thickness
of insulation. Steady state conduction in slab, cylinder and spheres with heat generation
UNIT II:
Heat transfer in extended surfaces: Infinitely long fin, fin with insulated tip, fin with
convection at the tip and fin connected between two heat sources. Fin efficiency and
effectiveness, 1-D numerical method for fin. Numerical problems.
1-D transient conduction: conduction in solids with negligible internal temperature
gradient (lumped system analysis), Use of Heislers charts for transient conduction in slab,
long cylinder and sphere, Use of transient charts for transient conduction in semi-infinite
solids, Numerical problems.
UNIT III:
Concepts and basic relations in boundary layers: Hydrodynamic and thermal
boundary layers, critical Reynolds number, local heat transfer coefficient, average heat
transfer coefficient, Flow inside a duct, hydrodynamic and thermal entrance lengths.
Natural or Free convection: Application of dimensional analysis for free convection
physical significance of Grasshoff number, use of correlations in free convection for
horizontal, vertical plates and cylinders.
Forced convection heat transfer, application of dimensional analysis for forced
convection problems. Physical significance of Reynolds, Prandtl, Nusselt and Stanton
numbers. Use of correlations for hydro-dynamically and thermally developed flows in
case of a flow over a flat plate, a cylinder and across a tube bundle. Numerical problems

UNIT IV:
Heat exchangers: Classification of heat exchangers, Tubular and compact heat
exchangers, overall heat transfer coefficient, fouling factor, L.M.T.D method,
effectiveness,NTU method of analysis of heat exchangers, Numerical problems.
Condensation and Boili.g heat transfer: Types of condensation, Nusselts theory for
laminar condensation on a vertical flat surface, expression for film thickness and heat
transfer coefficient, use of correlations for condensation on inclined flat surfaces,
horizontal tube and horizontal tube banks, Regimes of pool Boiling, Numerical problems.
UNIT V:
Mass Transfer: Fick`s law of diffusion mass transfer, Isothermal evaporation of water,
convective mass transfer, Numerical problems.
Radiation heat transfer: Thermal radiation, definitions of various terms used in
radiation heat transfer, Stefan-Boltzman law, Kirchoff`s law, Planck`s law and Wein`s
displacement law, Radiation heat exchange between two parallel infinite black surfaces
and gray surfaces, effect of radiation, shield, Intensity of radiation and solid angle,
Lambert`s law, radiation heat exchange between two infinite surfaces, Radiation shape
factor, properties of shape factors, shape factor algebra, Hottel`s cross string formula,
network method for radiation heat exchange in an enclosure, Numerical problems.
HEAT TRANSFER LABORATORY
1. Determination of Thermal Conductivity of a Metal Rod.
2. Determination of Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient of a Composite wall.
3. Determination of Effectiveness on a Metallic fin.
4. Determination of Heat Transfer Coefficient in a free Convection on a vertical tube.
5. Determination of Heat Transfer Coefficient in a Forced Convention Flow through a
Pipe.
6. Determination of Emissivity of a Surface.
7. Determination of Stefan Boltzman Constant.
8. Determination of LMDT and Effectiveness in a Parallel Flow and Counter Flow
Heat Exchangers
9. Experiments on Boiling of Liquid and Condensation of Vapour
10. Experiment on Transient Conduction Heat Transfer
Subject learning outcomes:
Students successfully completing this course will demonstrate the following outcomes by
assignments and examinations:
1. Sound understanding of the basic principles and laws governing the heat and mass
transfer.

2. Knowledge of the various modes of heat transfer, combined heat transfer


processes and special heat transfer processes.
3. Capability to analyze and solve practical problems from basic principles and
provide numerical solutions.
4. Capability to analyze complex heat transfer problems and provide solutions using
heat transfer data hand book.
5. Capability to analyze heat transfer problems and provide solutions for the design
of heat transfer equipment.
6. Familiarization with the experimental methodology and ability to solve problems.
7. Capability to analyze and solve practical problems which are of interest to R&D
organizations and industry.
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Heat and Mass Transfer, 2006., S.C. SACHDEV, New Age International Edition.
2. Basic Heat Transfer, 2005., OZISIK, McGraw-Hill publications, NY.
3. Heat and Mass Transfer, 2006., M.THIRUMALESHWAR, Pearson Edition.
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Heat Transfer, a practical approach., 2001., YUNUS A CENEGAL, Tata McGrawHill publishers, NY.
2 Heat Transfer, 2005, H. HOLMON, McGraw-Hill Publishers.
3.Principles of heat transfer.,2001, KRIETH F, Thomas learning.
4. Heat Transfer Laboratory Manual, Mechanical Department, MSRIT

MECHATRONICS AND MICROPROCESSOR


Sub Code: MES71
Prerequisite: Nil

Crdits:3 :0 :0

Preamble
The subject of Mechatronics has often been described as a combination of the subjects of
Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Computer Engineering and Applied
Control Engineering in the union between these subjects the discipline of Mechatronics
emerge. A typical Mechatronics system picks up signals from the environment processes
them to generate output signals, transforming them for example into forces, motions and
actions. It is the extension and the completion of mechanical systems with sensors and
microcomputers which is the most important aspect. The fact that such a system picks up
changes in its environment by sensors, and reacts to their signals using the appropriate
information processing, makes it different from conventional methods.
Course Learning Objective
1. Understand the dynamic system investigation process and be able to apply it to a
variety of dynamic physical systems.
2. Understand and be able to model various nonlinear and parasitic effects in real
dynamic systems: backlash, time delay, saturation, Coulomb friction, un modeled
resonances.
3. Understand the key elements of a measurement system and the basic performance
specifications and models of a variety of analog and digital Mechatronics sensors.
4. Understand the characteristics and models of various electromechanical actuators
(brushed dc motor, brushless dc motor, and stepper motor) and hydraulic and
pneumatic actuators.
5. Understand analog and digital circuits and components and semiconductor electronics
as they apply to Mechatronics systems
6. Understand the fundamentals of power electronics as it applies to mechatronic system
actuators.
7. Understand industrial motion control: types of controllers (PID-type control modes
and variations), tuning of controllers, and position/velocity control loops with
encoders/ resolvers
8. Understand the importance of the integration of modeling and controls in the design
of Mechatronics systems.

Unit I:

Introduction to Microprocessors: Evaluation of Microprocessor, Organization of


Microprocessors (preliminary concepts), basic concepts of programming of
microprocessors.Review of concepts- Boolean algebra, Logic Gates and gate networks,
binary & decimal number systems, memory representation of positive and negative
integers, maximum and minimum integers. Conversion of real numbers , floating point
notation, representation of floating point numbers, accuracy and range in floating point
representation, overflow and underflow, addition of floating point numbers, character
representation.
Microprocessor architecture & micro computer systems. Microprocessor architecture
and its operation, Memory , Input and output devices, microprocessor- Based system
application. Difference between microprocessor and micro controllers. Requirements for
control and their implementation in micro controllers.
Unit II:
Assembly Language Programming: 8085 programming, model instruction,
classification, 8085 instruction set, Data format & storage, simple assembly
programming.
Unit III:
Central processing unit of Microprocessors: Introduction, timing and control unit basic
concepts, instruction and data flow, system timing, examples of INTEL 8085 and INTEL
4004 register organization.
Introduction to Mechatronics : Introduction to mechatronics systems, Measurement
system, control systems, microprocessor based controllers, Mechatronics approach and
their associated problems. Examples and discussion on typical systems.
Unit IV;
Sensors & Transducers: Introduction to sensors & transducers, performance
terminology, Displacement, position & proximity LVDT light sensors, half effect sensors
selection
Electrical actuation systems: Eletrical systems, Mechanical switches, solid state
switches, solenoids DC & AC motors, stepper motors and their merits and demerits

Unit V:
Signal conditioning : Introduction to signal conditioning. The operational amplifier,
Protection, Filtering, wheatstone bridge, digital signals Multiplexers, data acquisition,
Introduction to Digital system processing pulse modulation, Numerical problems TEXT BOOKS:
1. Microprocessor Architecture , programming and applications with 8085.8085AR.S. Ganokar, Wiley Eastern.
2. Mechatronics- W. Bolton, Longman, 2nd Pearson Publications, 2007
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Mechatronics Principles & applications by Godfrey C. Canwerbolu, ButterworthHeinemann 2006.
2. Mechatronics- dan Necsulescu, Pearson Publication, 2007
3. Introduction Mechatronics & Measurement systems, David . G. Aliciatore &
Michael.B. Bihistand, tata McGraw Hill, 2000.
4. Mechatronics : Sabri centinkunt, John wiley & sons Inc. 2007

Course Learning Outcomes


1. The student will familiarize himself with basic mechanisms, mechanical
components, actuators and sensors used in mechatronic systems and also with
controllers of mechatronic systems
2. Measurement and signal handling techniques
3. Graphical development environment for control
4. From large-scale industrial systems to components in consumer applications,
mechatronic has woven itself into the very fabric of modern technology
5. Among the most important Mechatronics systems are electromagnetic sensors and
electromechanical actuators. Cultivated over years of industrial and research
experience,
6. Design and Applications builds a practical understanding of the features and
functions of various electromagnetic and electromechanical devices necessary to
meet specific industrial requirements
7. Mainly the automotive industry illustrate the wide variety of mechatronic
applications Providing a complete picture from conception to completion
8. It helps to design and develop Applications which will emerge out as a innovative
Mechatronics system.

MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS
Sub Code: MES72

Credits: 3:0:0

Preamble
In the present context of mechanical engineering curriculum the course on mechanical
vibration assumes great importance. With the advances being made in the areas of
manufacturing, design and automotive engineering newer and efficient design of
machinery and equipments are being called for. These machines are subjected to
mechanical vibrations which can be detrimental to them while in service. This course in
mechanical vibration deals with fundamentals of vibrations.The course being a first
course at UG level, the topics cover the fundamentals of vibrations and application of the
concepts to solve problems encountered in designing, running and maintenance of the
machinery .The various topics on damped, undamped vibrations with numerical methods
of solving vibration problems of practical interest will give the student an deeper insight
into the field of mechanical vibration for developing newer and efficient machines with
complex mechanisms and prepare him for an advanced course in mechanical vibration.
Subject Learning Objectives
1. Introduce the various aspects of Mechanical Vibration as applied to engineering
problems in a systematic manner.
2. Impart the knowledge of fundamentals of vibrations for various applications
3. Understand the concepts of vibrations of damped and undamped systems under
free and forced vibrations
4. Understand the concepts of vibration applied to measurement of vibration.
5. Develop skill to solve simple problems on single degree of freedom and
multidegree of freedom systems.
6. Develop competence in applying the numerical methods in solving multidegree of
freedom systems.
7. Develop an understanding of working of various automotive components based
on vibrations
8. Gain enough knowledge for taking up an advanced course in Mechanical
Vibration.
Unit I:
Introduction: Types of vibrations, S.H.M, principle of super position applied to Simple
Harmonic Motions. Beats, Fourier theorem and simple problems.
Undamped free vibrations: Single degree of freedom systems. Mass Undamped free
vibration-natural frequency of free vibration, stiffness of spring elements, effect of mass
of spring, Compound Pendulum.
Unit II:
Damped free vibrations: Single degree freedom systems, different types of damping,
concept of critical damping and its importance, study of response of viscous damped
systems for cases of under damping, critical and over damping, Logarithmic decrement.
steady state solution with viscous damping due to harmonic force.

Unit III:
Forced Vibration: Solution by Complex algebra, Reciprocating and rotating unbalance,
vibration isolation-transmissibility ratio. Due to harmonic exitation and support motion.
Vibration measuring instruments & Whirling of Shafts: Vibrometer and
accelerometer. Whirling of shafts with and without air damping. Discussion of speeds
above and below critical speeds.
Unit IV;
Systems with two degrees of freedom: Introduction, principle modes and Normal modes
of vibration, co-ordinate coupling, generalized and principal co-ordinates, Free vibration
in terms of initial conditions. Geared systems. Forced Oscillations-Harmonic excitation.
Applications: Vehicle suspension. Dynamic vibration absorber.
Dynamics of
reciprocating Engines.
Unit V:
Numerical methods for Multi degree Freedom systems: Introduction, Influence
coefficients, Maxwell reciprocal theorem, Dunkerleys equation. Orthogonality of
principal modes, Method of matrix iteration-Method of determination of all the natural
frequencies using sweeping matrix and Orthogonality principle. Holzers method,
Stodola method.
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Theory of Vibration with Applications: W.T. Thomson and Marie Dillon Dahleh,
Pearson Education 5th edition, 2007.
2. Mechanical Vibrations: V.P. Singh, Dhanpat Rai & Company Pvt. Ltd., 3rd
edition, 2006.
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Mechanical Vibrations: S.S. Rao, Pearson Education Inc, 4th Edition, 2003.
2. Mechanical Vibrations: S. Graham Kelly, Schaums Outline Series, Tata McGraw
Hill, Special Indian edition, 2007.
3. Theory & Practice of Mechanical vibrations: J.S. Rao & K. Gupta, New Age
International Publications, New Delhi, 2001.
4. Elements of Vibrations Analysis: Leonanrd Meirovitch, Tata McGraw Hill,
Special Indian edition, 2007.

Subject Learning Outcomes


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.

Evaluate and compare the concepts of mechanical vibration as applied to free and
forced vibrations of undamped and damped mechanical systems.
Compile fundamentals of Mechanical Vibration for engineering applications.
Develop ability to identify a problem and apply the fundamental concepts of
mechanical vibrations.
Demonstrate the ability to measure the various components of mechanical
vibrations.
Develop the skills of solving problems of automotive components undergoing
mechanical vibrations.
Develop competence to design and analyze problems of engineering particularly
having relevance to mechanical vibration for better design and maintenance of
machineries.
Demonstrate ability to have the competence for undergoing knowledge
upgradation in the field of mechanical vibrations..

OPERATIONS RESEARCH
SUB CODE: MES73

CREDITS 3:0:0

Prerequisite: Nil
Preamble:
Technology as it advances, offers many advantages, should be backed by management
techniques to improve efficiency. Operations research is one of optimization tool to find
the best solution in the given situation of the problem with many constraints. It can be a
maximization or minimization problem.
Course Learning Objectives:
During the course the students are learning
1. Fundamentals of OR, formulation of linear programming problems.
2. Graphical solution, Simplex method, Big M method, duality principals
3. Various types of transportation and assignment problems
4. Replacement of machines at suitable time,queing model
5. Network analysis(PERT/CPM)
6. Games theory, solution by graphical method and dominance rule.
7. Integer programming
Unit I:
Introduction: Definition, scope of Operations Research (O.R), limitations, OR Models,
Characteristics and phases of OR. Mathematical formulation of L.P. Problems, Graphical
solution methods.
Linear Programming Problems: The simplex method - slack, surplus and Big M
method, Concept of duality, dual simplex method, degeneracy, and procedure for
resolving degenerate cases.
Unit II;
Transportation Problem: Formulation of transportation model, Basic feasible solution
using different methods, Optimality Methods, Unbalanced transportation problem,
Degeneracy in transportation problems, Applications of Transportation problems.
Assignment Problem: Formulation, maximization, unbalanced assignment, traveling
salesman problem.
Unit III:
Replacement problems: Replacement of machines with and without considering value
of money group replacement problems, Queuing Theory, Queuing system and their
characteristics. The M/M/1 Queuing system, Steady state performance, analysis of M/M/
1 queuing model.

Unit IV:
PERT-CPM Techniques: Network construction, determining critical path, floats,
scheduling by network, project duration, variance under probabilistic models, prediction
of date of completion, crashing of simple networks.
Unit V:
Game Theory: Formulation of games, Two person-Zero sum game, games with and
without saddle point, Graphical solution (2x n , m x 2 game), dominance property.
Integer programming : Gommory s technique, branch and bound algorithm for integer
programming problems, zero one algorithm
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Operations Research and Introduction, Taha H . A. Pearson Education edition
2. Operations Research , S. D. Sharma Kedarnath Ramnath & Co 2002.
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Operation research A M Natarajan, P.Balasubramani , A Tamilaravari Pearson
2005
2. Introduction to operation research. Hiller and liberman, Mc Graw Hill. 5th edition
2001.
3. Operations Research: Principles and practice: Ravindran, Phillips & Solberg,
Wiley India ltd, 2nd Edition 2007
4. Operations Research, Prem Kumar Gupta, D S hira, S Chand pub, New Delhi, 2007

Course Outcomes:
The student will have learnt
How to formulate a given problem, then to solve either by Graphical/Simplex/Big
M method.
The usage of duality property
To solve transportation and assignment problem
To find the best time to replace the old machine
Queuing theory application
Network analysis, crashing etc
To solve games theory problem using graphical and dominance rule
Integer programming

ENERGY ENGINEERING
Sub Code: MES81
Prerequisite: Nil

Credits 3:0:0

Unit I:
Steam Power Plant: Different types of fuels used for steam generation, Equipment for
burning coal in lump form, strokers, different types, Oil burners, Advantages and
Disadvantages of using pulverized fuel, Equipment for preparation and burning of
pulverized coal, unit system and bin system. Pulverized fuel furnaces, cyclone furnace,
Coal and ash handling, Generation of steam using forced circulation, high and
supercritical pressures, A brief account of Benson, Velox, Schmidt steam generators.
Chimneys: Natural, forced, induced and balanced draft, Calculations involving height of
chimney to produce a given draft. Cooling towers and Ponds. Accessories for the Steam
generators such as Superheaters, Desuperheater, control of superheaters, Economizers,
Air pre-heaters and re-heaters.
Unit II:
Diesel Engine Power Plant- Applications of Diesel Engines in Power field. Method of
starting diesel engines, cooling and lubrication system for the diesel engine. Fulters,
centrifuges, Oil heaters, Intake and exhaust system, Layout of diesel power plant.
Hydro-Electric Plants: Storage and pondage, flow duration and mass curves,
hydrographs, low, medium and high head plants, pumped storage plants, Penstock, water
hammer, surge tanks, gates and valves, power house general layout. A brief description
of some of the important Hydel Installations in India.
Unit III:
Nuclear Power Plant: Introduction, Elements of the nuclear reactor, moderator, control
rod, fuel rods, coolants. Brief description of reactors of the following types-Pressurized
water reactor, Boiling water reactor, Sodium graphite reactor, Fast Breeder reactor,
Homogeneous graphite reactor and gas cooled reactor, Tradition hazards, Shieldings,
Radio active waste disposal.
Additional Energy Sources; Fuel cells, hydrogen energy, Magneto hydro dynamic
(MHD) Power Conversion, Thermoelectric Power Conversion and Thermionic Power
Conversion.
Unit IV:
Solar and Wind Energy Solar radiation outside the earths atmosphere, Solar
Radiation at the earth surface, Pyrometers, working principles of Solar flat plate
collectors, solar air heaters, thermal energy storage, solar pond and photovoltaic
conversion.
Wind Energy: Properties of wind, availability of wind energy in India, wind velocity and
power from wind; major problems associated with wind power, wind machines; Types of

wind machines and their characteristics, horizontal and vertical axis wind mills,
elementary design principles; coefficient of performance of a wind mill rotor, Design
factors of wind mill.
Unit V:
Energy From Ocean: Tides and waves as energy suppliers and their mechanics,
fundamental characteristics of tidal power, harnessing tidal energy, limitations. Ocean
Thermal Energy Conversion: Principle of working, Rankine cycle, OTEC power stations
in the world, problems associated with OTEC.
Geothermal Energy Conversion: Principle of working, types of geothermal station with
schematic diagram, geothermal plants in the world, problems associated with geothermal
conversion, scope of geothermal energy.
Energy from Bio Mass: Photosynthesis, photosynthetic oxygen production, energy
plantation, bio gas production from organic wastes by anaerobic fermentation, description
of bio gas plants, transportation of bio-gas, problems involved with bio-gas production,
application of bio-gas, application of bio-gas engines, advantages.
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Power Plant Engineering, P.K.Nag Tata McGraw Hill 2nd edition 2001.
2. Non conventional resources: B H Khan Tata McGraw Hill 1st edition 2007

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Power Plant Engineering by R.K.Rajput, Laxmi publication, New Delhi.
2. Principles of Energy conversion, A.W.Culp Jr., McGraw Hill. 1996
3. Power Plant Engineering by Domakundawar, Dhanpath Rai sons. 2003
4. Non conventional Energy sources by G D Rai Khanna Publishers.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
SUB CODE: MES82

CREDITS 3:0:0
Unit I :
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: Introduction, definition, underlying assumption,
importance f A1, AI and related fields.
SPACE REPRESENTATION: Defining a problem. Production systems and its
characteristics, Search and Control strategies Generate and Test, Hill Climbing, Best
first Search, Problem reduction, Constraint Satisfaction, Means Ends Analysis.
Unit II:
KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION ISSUES: Representations and Mappings, Types
of knowledge Procedural Vs Declarative, Logic programming. Forward Vs Backward
reasoning, Matching.
Unit III:
USE OF PREDICATE LOGIC: Representing simple facts, Instance and Isa
relationships, Syntax and Semantics for Prepositional logic, FQPL and properties of
Wffs, Conversion to Clausal form, Resolution, Natural deduction.
Unit IV:
STATISTICAL AND PROBABILISTIC REASONING: Symbolic reasoning under
uncertainty, Probability and Bayes theorem, Certainity factors and Rule based systems,
Bayesian Networks, Shafer Theory, Fuzzy Logic.
EXPERT SYSTEMS: Structure and uses, Representing and using domain knowledge,
Expert System Shells. Pattern recognition Learning classification patterns, recognizing
and understanding speech. Introduction to knowledge Acquisition, Types of
Learning.
Unit V:
TYPICAL EXPERT SYSTEMS: MYCIN, Variants of MYCIN, PROSPECTOR,
DENDRAL, PUFF, ETC.
INTRODUCTION TO MACHINE LEARNING: Perceptrons, Checker Playing
Examples, Learning Automata, Genetic Algorithms, Intelligent Editors.

TEXT BOOKS:
1.
2.

Artificial Intelligence, Elaine Rich & Kevin Knight, M/H 1983.


Introduction to AI & ES, Dan W. Patterson, Prentice Hall of India, 1999.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Principles of Artificial Intelligence, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1981.


Artificial Intelligence in business, Science & Industry, Wendy B. Ranch
A guide to expert systems, Waterman, D.A., Addison Wesley inc. 1986
Building expert systems, Hayes, Roth, Waterman, D.A. Addison Wesley,
1983

CNC MACHINES
SUB CODE: MES83

CREDITS 3:0:0

UNIT I:

NUMERICAL CONTROL OF MACHINE TOOLS: Fundamental concepts,


classification and structure of numerical control systems, open and close loop systems,
point systems, positioning cum straight cut systems, continuous path systems, coding
systems, program mediums tape format and codes, interpolators linear interpolation,
circular interpolation and parabolic interpolation, feedback devices encoders, linear
scales industosys, resolvers.
DRIVES FOR CNC MACHINE TOOLS: Introduction to drives, spindle drives,
requirements, types of spindle drives AC drives and DC drives; feed drives
requirement, servo mechanisms, types of feed drives stepper motors, DC servo drives,
AC servo drives, selection criterion for drive system.
UNIT II:
DESIGN OF MODERN CNC MACHINES AND MANUFACTURING
ELEMENTS (EXCLUDING NUMERICAL PROBLEMS): Introduction, machine
structures, guide ways linear motion guides, feed drives, servo motors, mechanical
transmission systems including ball screws. Timer belts, flexible belts, flexible
connections for connection encoders, spindle / spindle bearings, measuring systems.
Controls, software and user interface, gauging, tool monitoring systems.
UNIT III:
ASSEMBLY TECHNIQUES: Guide ways, ball screws and nut, feedback elements,
spindle bearings.
INTRODUCTION TO MODERN CNC MACHINES AND MANUFACTURING
SYSTEMS: Introduction, advantages of CNC Machines, CNC machining center
developments, turning center developments, automatic tool changing, tool monitoring on
CNC machine, other CNC machine development like adaptive control, advanced
manufacturing systems, benefits of FMS, trends in adaptation of FMS systems.
UNIT IV:
PROGRAMMING AND OPERATION OF CNC MACHINE: Introduction to part
programming, co-ordinate systems, dimensioning, axes and motion nomenclature,
structure of a part program, word address format, circular interpolation, tool
compensation, sub-routines, canned cycles, programming examples for machining
centers, programming for turning center, computer assisted part programming,

UNIT V:
TESTING OF CNC MACHINE TOOLS: Introduction, Verification of technical
specification, verification of functional aspect, verification during idle running,
verification of machine tool accuracy & work piece accuracy, metal removal capability
test, safety aspects.
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Computer control of Manufacturing Systems - Yoram Koren, McGraw Hill Intl.
Pub.
2. Mechatronics - HMT Ltd., Tata MaGraw Hill Pub.
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Numerical control of machine tools - S.J. Martin


Computer Numerical Control - Joseph Pusztai and Michael Sava
Programming for Numerical Control - Roberts Prentice.
Numerical control and Computer Aided Manufacture - Pressman and Williams.
CAD/CAM - Mikell P. Groover and Emory W. Zimmers Jr.
Introduction to Automated Process Planning System - Tiess Chieu Chang &
Richard A. Wysk