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NDICE

Captulo 1 - GRAMMAR

05

Captulo 2 - False friends

17

Captulo 3 - tips

29

Captulo 4 - extra material

31

Captulo 5 - TEXT COMPREHENSION

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FICHA TCNICA
Impresso: Multicopy
Reviso: Geovane Souza de Oliveira
Editorao eletrnica / Iconografia: InfotechArt - Informao, Tecnologia e Arte
Projeto Grfico / Edio de imagens / Ilustraes : PIXEL - Criaes Visuais
Capa: Art Publish

Ingls

Fsica

Mdulo 1

D I C A S ...

Respire atualidade
- Procure ler muito sobre todos os assuntos em livros, jornais, revistas e sites de notcias, para que no
momento da prova voc no seja pego de surpresa com alguma informao que voc desconhea. Lendo voc
conseguir obter um grande vocabulrio e pacincia para enfrentar horas de leitura de enunciados;

# Pegadinhas de imagem
- Sempre que uma questo trouxer para voc uma figura ou imagem, atente-se! Busque entender o que
ela representa e o contexto em que est inserida, no v pelo bvio, nem sempre as coisas so o que parecem
ser;

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

# Falsos cognatos
- Sem dvida devemos tomar cuidado com falsos cognatos, principalmente nos idiomas. Por exemplo:
no confunda college (ingls) com colgio (portugus). O significado correto faculdade e colgio em ingls
high school. J no espanhol no confunda cuello (espanhol) com coelho (portugus), pois o correto pescoo.

# Interprete o texto
- As provas agora abordam muito interpretao de texto, incentivam o aprendizado e o pensamento,
portanto saiba entender o que est sendo passado, qual a ideia principal e como o assunto se enquadra no
contexto geral;

# No enrosque
- Caso tenha alguma palavra no texto que voc desconhea, no fique preso a ela. Tente entender todo o
contexto. Pode ter certeza de que apenas uma palavra no far diferena. Lembre-se do tempo e da quantidade de questes que voc ter pela frente;

# Leia o principal
- Antes de ler o texto, leia as perguntas referentes a ele. Com isso, voc no s saber o que procurar
como j ter ideia do que o texto aborda. Em seguida, leia o texto, j procurando a resposta especfica para
a questo;

# Treine
O que contribui muito para o seu bom desempenho o treino, portanto procure provas antigas e tente
resolver as questes e faa simulados, sempre marcando seu tempo, pois ele ser precioso no dia da prova.

ingls

Ingls

Fsica

Mdulo 1

CAPTULO 1 - GRAMMAR

Pronouns

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

Personal Pronouns

Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns

subject form

object form

possessive adjective

possessive pronoun

me

my

mine

myself

you

you

your

yours

yourself

he

him

his

his

himself

she

her

her

hers

herself

it

it

its

its

itself

we

us

our

ours

ourselves

you

you

your

yours

yourselves

they

them

their

theirs

themselves

A pronoun usually refers to something already mentioned in a sentence or piece of text. They are used instead
of nouns to prevent repetition of the noun to which they refer. One of the most common pronouns is it.
Example (Singular):
Without a pronoun: The train was late, the train had been delayed. (Sounds horrid, doesnt it?)
With a pronoun: The train was late, it had been delayed. (Much better!)
In this example the train is singular, therefore the pronoun must be singular also - it.
Example (Plural):
Without a pronoun: The trains were late, the trains had been delayed. (Still sounds horrid, doesnt it?)
With a pronoun: The trains were late, they had been delayed. (Much better!)
In this example the trains are plural, therefore the pronoun must be plural also - they.
Personal Pronouns - Subject
Replace the words in brackets by the correct personal pronouns. Note that Sue is the person speaking. The
(*) means that you are asked a question.
My name is Sue. (Sue) _____________am English. And this is my family.
My mums name is Angie. (Angie) ____________is from Germany.
Bob is my dad. (My dad) ____________is a waiter.
On the left you can see Simon. (Simon) ___________is my brother.
(Sue and Simon) _______________are twins.
Our dog is a girl, Judy. (Judy) ____________is two years old.
(Sue, Simon, Angie and Bob) ____________live in Canterbury.
(Canterbury) ____________is not far from London.
My grandparents live in London. (My grandparents) ____________often come and see us.
What can (*)____________tell me about your family?
Personal Pronouns Object
Aaron was on a business trip to California. He shows you the souvenirs he got for his family.
Fill in the correct pronouns.

ingls

extensivo
My sister Jane loves books. This novel is for (she) her.
My children like Disney films. The video is for (they)___________.
My brother Matt collects picture postcards. These postcards are for (he)____________.
My parents like Latin music. The CD is for (they)____________.
I like watches. This nice watch is for (I)____________.
My wife and I love sweets. These sweets are for (we)_______________.
My nephew likes cars. The toy truck is for (he)_____________.
My neighbour wants to go to California next year. The guide book is for (she)______________.
Here is another souvenir. I dont know what to do with (it)_______________.
You know what? - Its for (you)_______________.
Possessive Adjectives
Replace the personal pronouns by possessive adjectives.
Where are (you) your friends now?
Here is a postcard from (I) __________friend Peggy.
She lives in Australia now with (she) ____________family.
(She) ___________husband works in Newcastle.
(He) ____________company builds ships.
(They) ___________children go to school in Newcastle.
(I) _____________husband and I want to go to Australia, too.
We want to see Peggy and (she) ____________family next winter.
(We) _______________winter!
Because it is (they) ____________summer.

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

Possessive Pronouns
Replace the personal pronouns by possessive pronouns.
This book is (you) yours.
The ball is (I)____________.
The blue car is (we)_____________.
The ring is (she)____________.
We met Paul and Jane last night. This house is (they)____________.
The luggage is (he)_____________.
The pictures are (she)____________.
In our garden is a bird. The nest is (it)_________________.
This cat is (we)_____________.
This was not my fault. It was (you)________________.
Reflexive Pronouns
Fill in the correct reflexive pronouns.
I did not want to believe it and then I saw the UFO myself.
The girl looked at ____________in the mirror.
Freddy, youll have to do your homework________________.
You dont need to help them. They can do it_______________.
I introduced ___________to my new neighbour.
Boys, can you make your beds_______________?
She made ____________a pullover.
What happens when a fighting fish sees ______________in the mirror?
The father decided to repair the car________________.
We can move the table__________________.

ingls

extensivo
Verb Tenses

TENSE

AFFIRMATIVE/NEGATIVE/
QUESTION

USE

action in the present taking place


Simple Present

A:He speaks.
N:He does not speak.
Q:Does he speak?

once, never or several times

facts
actions taking place one after
another

action set by a timetable or


schedule

Present
Progressive

A: He is speaking.
N:He is not speaking.
Q:Is he speaking?

action taking place in the


moment of speaking

action taking place only for a


limited period of time

action arranged for the future

action in the past taking place

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

Simple Past

A: He spoke.
N: He did not speak.
Q: Did he speak?

once, never or several times


actions taking place one after
another
action taking place in the middle
of another action

SIGNAL WORDS

always, every, never,


normally, often, seldom,
sometimes, usually
if sentences type I (If I
talk,)

at the moment, just,


just now, Listen!, Look!,
now, right now

yesterday, 2 minutes
ago, in 1990, the other
day, last Friday
if sentence type II (If I
talked,)

action going on at a certain


Past
Progressive

A: He was speaking.
N: He was not speaking.
Q: Was he speaking?

Present Perfect
Simple

A: He has spoken.
N: He has not spoken.
Q: Has he spoken?

Present Perfect
Progressive

A: He has been speaking.


N: He has not been
speaking.
Q: Has he been speaking?

time in the past

actions taking place at the same


time
action in the past that is
interrupted by another action

putting emphasis on the result


action that is still going on
action that stopped recently
finished action that has an
influence on the present
action that has taken place once,
never or several times before the
moment of speaking

A: He had spoken.
N: He had not spoken.
Q: Had he spoken?

or duration (not the result)

action that recently stopped or is


still going on

finished action that influenced

all day, for 4 years,


since 1993, how long?,
the whole week

the present

certain time in the past

sometimes interchangeable with


past perfect progressive

putting emphasis only on the


fact (not the duration)

ingls

already, ever, just,


never, not yet, so far,
till now, up to now

putting emphasis on the course

action taking place before a


Past Perfect
Simple

when, while, as long as

already, just, never, not


yet, once, until that day
if sentence type III (If I
had talked,)

extensivo

Past Perfect
Progressive

Future I Simple

AFFIRMATIVE/NEGATIVE/
QUESTION

USE

action taking place before a


certain time in the past
A: He had been speaking.
sometimes interchangeable with
N: He had not been
past perfect simple
speaking.
Q: Had he been speaking? putting emphasis on the
duration or course of an action

A: He will speak.
N: He will not speak.
Q: Will he speak?

action in the future that cannot


be influenced

spontaneous decision
assumption with regard to the
future

SIGNAL WORDS

for, since, the whole


day, all day

in a year, next,
tomorrow
If-Satz Typ I (If you ask
her, she will help you.)
assumption: I think,
probably, we might,
perhaps

Future I Simple
(going to)

A: He is going to speak.
N: He is not going to
speak.
Q: Is he going to speak?

Future I
Progressive

A: He will be speaking.
N: He will not be
speaking.
Q: Will he be speaking?

Future II
Simple

A: He will have spoken.


N: He will not have
spoken.
Q: Will he have spoken?

Future II
Progressive

A: He will have been


speaking.
N: He will not have been
speaking.
Q: Will he have been
speaking?

Conditional I
Simple

A: He would speak.
N: He would not speak.
Q: Would he speak?

Conditional I
Progressive

A: He would be speaking.
N: He would not be
speaking.
Q: Would he be speaking?

Conditional II
Simple

A: He would have spoken.


N: He would not have
action that might have taken
spoken.
place in the past
Q: Would he have spoken?

if sentences type III


(If I had seen that, I
would have helped.)

Conditional II
Progressive

A: He would have been


speaking.
N: He would not have
been speaking.
Q: Would he have been
speaking?

decision made for the future


conclusion with regard to the
future

action that is going on at a


certain time in the future

action that is sure to happen in


the near future

action that will be finished at a


certain time in the future

action taking place before a


certain time in the future

putting emphasis on the course


of an action

action that might take place

action that might take place


putting emphasis on the course
/ duration of the action

in one year, next week,


tomorrow

in one year, next week,


tomorrow

by Monday, in a week

for, the last couple of


hours, all day long

if sentences type II
(If I were you, I would
go home.)

action that might have taken


place in the past

puts emphasis on the course /


duration of the action

ingls

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

TENSE

extensivo
Verb Tense Final Test
Cumulative Verb Tense Review
Complete questions 1-10 below with the appropriate tenses, answer questions 11-15.
1. When Carol (call) _______________last night, I (watch) __________my favorite show on television.
2. I (work) __________for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I retire!
3. Sharon (love) __________to travel. She (go) _________________abroad almost every summer. Next year, she
plans to go to Peru.
4. Thomas is an author. He (write) _____________mystery novels and travel memoirs. He (write) ____________
since he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he (write) ________________seven novels, three collections of short stories and a book of poetry.
5. We were late because we had some car problems. By the time we (get) ____________to the train station, Susan
(wait) _____________for us for more than two hours.
6. Sam (try) __________to change a light bulb when he (slip) _________and (fell)___________.
7. Everyday I (wake) _________up at 6 oclock, (eat) ___________breakfast at 7 oclock and (leave) ________
for work at 8 oclock. However, this morning I (get) ______up at 6:30, (skip) ______breakfast and (leave)
___________for work late because I (forget) __________to set my alarm.

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

8. Right now, Jim (read) ___________the newspaper and Kathy (make) ___________dinner. Last night at this
time, they (do) ____________the same thing. She (cook) ___________and he (read) _____________the newspaper. Tomorrow at this time, they (do, also) __________the same thing. She (prepare) ___________dinner and
he (read)____________. They are very predictable people!
9. By this time next summer, you (complete) ____________your studies and (find) ___________a job. I, on
the other hand, (accomplish, not) ________________anything. I (study, still) _______________and you (work)
______________in some new high paying job.
10. The students (be, usually) _________________taught by Mrs. Monty. However, this week they (teach)
____________________taught by Mr. Tan
11.
Jane talks on the phone.
Bob has been talking on the phone for an hour.
Mary is talking on the phone.
Who is not necessarily on the phone now? _____________

12.
Im going to make dinner for Frank.
Im making dinner for Judy.
Ill make dinner for Mary.
I make dinner for Ted.
I will be making dinner for Tony.
Who are you offering to make dinner for? _______________

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extensivo
13.
Jane left when Tim arrived.
Bob left when Tim had arrived.
Tim arrived when Mary was leaving.
John had left when Tim arrived.
After Tim arrived, Frank left.
Who did not run into Tim? ________________
14.
Jane is talking in class.
Bob always talks in class.
Mary is always talking in class.
Whose action bothers you? ___________________
15.
Jane never left Jamestown.
Bob has never left Jamestown.
Who is still alive? ___________________

A - Comparison with -er/-est

clean

cleaner

cleanest

new

newer

newest

cheap

cheaper

cheapest

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

clean - cleaner - (the) cleanest


We use -er/-est with the following adjectives:
1) adjectives with one syllable

2) adjectives with two syllables and the following endings:


2 - 1) adjectives with two syllables, ending in -y
dirty

dirtier

dirtiest

easy

easier

easiest

happy

happier

happiest

pretty

prettier

prettiest

cleverer

cleverest

simpler

simplest

narrower

narrowest

2 - 2) adjectives with two syllables, ending in -er


clever
2 - 3) adjectives with two syllables, ending in -le
simple
2 - 4) adjectives with two syllables, ending in -ow
narrow

10

ingls

extensivo
Spelling of the adjectives using the endings -er/-est
large

larger

largest

leave out the silent -e

big

bigger

biggest

sad

sadder

saddest

dirty

dirtier

dirtiest

Change -y to -i (consonant before -y)

shy

shyer

shyest

Here -y is not changed to -i.


(although consonant before -y)

Double the consonant after short vowel

B - Comparison with more - most


difficult - more difficult - (the) most difficult
all adjectives with more than one syllable
2 - 1 to 2 - 4)

(except

some

adjectives

with

two

syllables

see

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

C - Irregular adjectives
good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

much

more

most

uncountable nouns

many

more

most

countable nouns

little

less

least

little

smaller

smallest

D - Special adjectives
Some ajdectives have two possible forms of comparison.
common

commoner / more common

commonest / most common

likely

likelier / more likely

likeliest / most likely

pleasant

pleasanter / more pleasant

pleasantest / most pleasant

polite

politer / more polite

politest / most polite

simple

simpler / more simple

simplest / most simple

stupid

stupider / more stupid

stupidest / most stupid

subtle

subtler / more subtle

subtlest

sure

surer / more sure

surest / most sure

ingls

11

extensivo
Difference in meaning with adjectives:

far

late

old

near

farther

farthest

distance

further

furthest

distance or time

later

latest

latter

last

older

oldest

people and things

elder

eldest

people (family)

nearer

nearest

distance

next

order

Put in the adjective in bold from the first sentence into the second sentence in its correct form (comparative or
superlative).
Example: I have a fast car, but my friend has a ______ car.
Answer: I have a fast car, but my friend has a faster car.

2) Here is Emily. Shes six years old. Her brother is nine, so he is_____________.
3) This is a difficult exercise. But the exercise with an asterisk (*) is the _________________exercise on the
worksheet.
4) He has an interesting hobby, but my sister has the _____________hobby in the world.
5) In the last holidays I read a good book, but father gave me an even ____________one last weekend.
6) School is boring, but homework is _________________than school.
7) Skateboarding is a dangerous hobby. Bungee jumping is ________________than skateboarding.
8) This magazine is cheap, but that one is_______________________.
9) We live in a small house, but my grandparents house is even __________________than ours.
10) Yesterday John told me a funny joke. This joke was the ________________joke Ive ever heard.

Linking Verbs
Por linking verbs entende-se os verbos que, basicamente, fazem a ligao entre o sujeito da sentena e o que
se diz do sujeito.
Os verbos mais comuns so: be, seem, look, feel, appear, become, grow, sound, taste, go, get, smell, prove.
Exemplos:
I am proud of my students. achievements.
All the participants seemed happy.

12

ingls

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

1) This is a nice cat. Its much ______________than my friends cat.

extensivo
The class activity proved to be interesting.
It is becoming darker and darker. Let.s take a cab!
His idea sounds good, doesnt it?
This pasta tastes awful. Whats wrong with it?
After the crash of the Concorde, everybody wants to know what went wrong and what the future of supersonic
travel is.
Some people say this world is going crazy.
My ancestors were farmers.
I am getting hungry. How about going to the school cafeteria?
Contrary to parents expectations, the two brothers became Catholic priests.
Betty seems (to be) the ideal person to look after (take care of) the children.
A new supermarket has been built round the corner. (Passive Voice)
A: What does your brother do for a living?
B: Dont you know? He is a physician (doctor of medicine).

Auxiliary verbs
Vo ajudar dar sentido ao verbo principal. So eles:
a. am, is, are, was, were
b. have, has
c. do, does, did
d. will
Exemplos:
TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

A: It.s 1 p.m. I am starving. (Present Progressive or Continuous)


B: No kidding!
I dont believe its raining again! It will spoil my Sunday! (Simple Future)
I have already finished reading the book for my Literature class. (Present Perfect)
Has your sister returned from work yet? (Present Perfect)
Nothing will prevent me from succeeding! I am determined to succeed.
Do you ever go to church on Sundays? (Simple Present)
Does your brother speak Spanish? (Simple Present)
Did you visit the Tower of London when you were there? (Simple Past)

Modals
1) can
Use

Examples

ability to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be able to)

I can speak English.

permission to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be allowed to)

Can I go to the cinema?

request

Can you wait a moment, please?

offer

I can lend you my car till tomorrow.

suggestion

Can we visit Grandma at the weekend?

possibility

It can get very hot in Arizona.

ingls

13

extensivo
2) could
Use

Examples

ability to do sth. in the past (substitute form: to be able to)

I could speak English.

permission to do sth. in the past (substitute form: to be allowed to)

I could go to the cinema.

polite question *

Could I go to the cinema, please?

polite request *

Could you wait a moment, please?

polite offer *

I could lend you my car till tomorrow.

polite suggestion *

Could we visit Grandma at the weekend?

possibility *

It could get very hot in Montana.

3) may
Use

Examples

possibility

It may rain today.

permission to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be allowed to)

May I go to the cinema?

polite suggestion

May I help you?

Use

Examples

possibility (less possible than may) *

It might rain today.

hesitant offer *

Might I help you?

5) must
Use

Examples

force, necessity

I must go to the supermarket today.

possibility

You must be tired.

advice, recommendation

You must see the new film with Brad Pitt.

6) must not/may not


Use

Examples

prohibition

You mustnt work on dads computer.


You may not work on dads computer.

7) need not
Use

Examples

not necessary

I neednt go to the supermarket, were going to the


restaurant tonight.

14

ingls

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

4) might

extensivo
Modal Verb

Substitute

Example

must

to have to

I must swim. = I have to swim.

must not

not to be allowed to

I must not swim. = I am not allowed to swim.

can

to be able to

I can swim. = I am able to swim.

may

to be allowed to

I may swim. = I am allowed to swim.

need

to have to

I need to swim. = I have to swim.

need not

not to have to

I need not swim. = I dont have to swim.

shall / should/
ought to

to be supposed to / to be
expected to / to be to

I shall / should / ought to swim. = I am supposed to swim.


/ I am expected to swim. / I am to swim.

Use modal verbs where possible. If a modal verb cant be used with a certain tense, use its substitute.
You (must) must get up early tomorrow.
You (not / need) ______________call a baby sitter.
We (may) _______________watch the film tonight.
He (not / can) ____________see me yesterday.
She (must) _____________stay at school yesterday afternoon.
(may / you) ______________go to the disco yesterday?

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

He (not / must) ________________sleep now.


You (not / need) ___________answer.
He (ought to) ______________give evidence at the court yesterday.
Since he bought the new car he (not / can) ________________sleep

ingls

15

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

extensivo

Anotaes:

16

ingls

Ingls

Fsica

Mdulo 1

CAPTULO 2 - False friends

FALSOS COGNATOS - FALSE FRIENDS


Apesar das diferenas entre o portugus e o ingls, ambos os idiomas tm palavras que se assemelham
na escrita ou no som. Algumas dessas palavras de fato possuem o mesmo significado nas duas lnguas (como
television e computer, que se traduzem por televiso e computador, respectivamente). Essas palavras que
tm semelhana ortogrfica e mesmo significado em diferentes lnguas chamam-se cognatos.
Entretanto, existem outras palavras que diferem completa ou parcialmente quanto ao significado, apesar
de a ortografia nos levar a pensar que elas realmente tenham o mesmo significado no portugus. Estes pares
de palavras so conhecidos como False Cognates ou False Friends (Falsos Cognatos ou Falsos Amigos). A
seguir, apresentamos uma lista com a seleo das palavras mais trickys (enganosas), organizadas da seguinte
maneira: na 1 coluna encontram-se o falso cognato e o seu significado em portugus e, na segunda, a palavra

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

em portugus com semelhana quela do ingls e a traduo para o ingls:

ingls

Actual - real, verdadeiro

atual - current

Actually - na verdade, de fato

atualmente - currently, nowadays

Adept - perito, profundo conhecedor

adepto - follower, supporter

Advert - notar

advertir - to warn, to advise

Agenda - pauta do dia, pauta para discusses

agenda - organizer, diary

Alias nome falso, cognato

alis - else, moreover, furthermore/


besides / by the way

Alms - esmola

almas - souls

Alumnus aluno j formado

aluno - student, pupil

Amass acumular, juntar

amassar - to crush

Anthem hino

antena - aerial, antenna / antena parablica - satellite dish

Anticipate - prever; preceder

antecipar (adiantar) - to advance, to


move forward

Antique objeto de arte antigo, antiguidade

antigo - old, ancient

Apologize desculpar-se

apologizar (fazer apologia) - to make


defense

17

extensivo

Apparel vesturio em geral

aparelho - equipment, apparatus /


device/ machine / braces (aparelho
ortodntico)

Example:

Application - inscrio, registro, uso

aplicao (investir dinheiro)- to invest money

Appoint nomear, marcar, designar

apontar (para algum ou alguma coisa) - to point to, to point at

Appointment - compromisso profissional

apontamento (observao) - note

Assist - ajudar, dar assistncia

assistir (ver, olhar) - to watch

Assume - presumir, supor

assumir - to undertake, to take over

Attend - assistir, participar de

atender (a telefone, porta ou campainha)- to answer the telephone, the


door, the door-bell

Available vlido, disponvel

avalivel - ratable

Avocado abacate

advogado - lawyer

Balcony - sacada, varanda suspensa

balco - counter

Example:
The legendary balcony where Juliet Capulet is said
to have pined for Romeo is one of the most visited
sites in Italy.
(A lendria sacada onde dizem que Julieta Capuleto
sentiu saudades de Romeu uma das mais
visitadas da Itlia.)
Barracks caserna, quartel

barraca - tent

Beef - carne bovina

bife - steak

Bond elo, vnculo, aplice

bonde - streetcar, trolley car (USA),


cable car, tram

Brand marca

18

brando - tender, soft, mild,


temperate

ingls

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

She was refined in her choice of apparel.


(Ela tinha bom gosto na escolha de seu vesturio.)

extensivo

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

Cafeteria - refeitrio, bandejo,


cantina

cafeteria - coffeehouse, coffee shop, coffee


bar, cafe, etc.

Camp acampamento militar

campo - field

Candor sinceridade, franqueza

candura - candidness

Cargo - carga

cargo - post, position

Carton - caixa de papelo

carto - card

Casualty - baixa (mortes em acidente


ou guerra)

casualidade - chance

Chef - chefe de cozinha

chefe - boss, chief

China porcelana, loua de porcelana

China (pas) - China

Cigar charuto

cigarro - cigarette

Collar - gola, colarinho, coleira

colar (noun) - necklace / colar (verb) - to glue

College faculdade

colgio - school

Commodity - artigo, mercadoria

comodidade - convenience

Comprehensive - abrangente, extenso

compreensivo - understanding / tolerant,


sympathetic

Conceal - ocultar, dissimular

conselho - advice (a piece of advice = um


conselho)

Confident - confiante

confidente - confidant

Construe explicar, interpelar

construir - to build

Contest - competio, concurso

contestar - to impeach, to impugn / to


controvert, to challenge /to object

Conversant conhecedor, versado

conversador - talkative person, loquacious


person, talker, conversationalist

Converse oposto, contrrio

conversa - chat, talk

Convict - ru, condenado, prisioneiros

convicto - sure, certain, positive

Example:
Two of the convicts have escaped from
prison.
(Dois dos prisioneiros escaparam da
priso.)
Costume - fantasia (traje), traje tpico

costume - habit, custom

Curse - maldio, praga, xingamento

curso - course

ingls

19

extensivo
Dairy - laticnios, fbrica de laticnios

dirio (noun) - diary; daily (adjective)

Data - dados (nmeros, informaes)

data - date

Deception - engano, iluso

decepo - disappointment

Dent - amasso, marca de batida

dente - tooth

Example:

My car has a dent where it hit a tree.

Dependable - confivel

dependente - dependant, dependent /


relative; subordinate

Design - projetar, criar / projeto, estilo

designar - to appoint

Devolve - transferir

devolver - to return, give back, refund


(especially money), to render (restituir)

Discrete distinto, separado

discreto - discreet, tactful, reserved,

Discussion debate, consideraes

discusso (desavena, bate-boca) argument

Disgusting nojento, repulsivo

desgostoso - displeased, dissatisfied

Divert desviar

divertir - to entertain, to amuse / divertir-se


- to enjoy oneself, to have fun

Diversion - desvio

diverso - amusement / fun / entertainment,


pastime / parque de diverses - amusement
park.

Doze - cochilar

doze (number) - twelve / dose - dose

Education instruo, formao escolar

educao (boas maneiras) politeness, good


manners

Effective eficaz, que produz efeito

efetivo permanent

Elaborate esmerar, aperfeioar

elaborar develop, prepare

Engross monopolizar

engrossar to enlarge, to thicken

Enroll inscrever-se, matricular-se

enrolar to roll

Estate bens, patrimnio

estado state

Estrange separar, apartar

estranho strange

Eventually finalmente

eventualmente occasionally

Exigency urgncia, situao de


emergncia

exigncia demand

Exit sada

xito success, effect, result, outcome,


triumph

Expert especialista, perito

esperto smart, clever

20

ingls

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

(Meu carro est amassado onde se chocou


contra uma rvore.)

extensivo
Exquisite refinado, requintado, seleto,
belo, fino

esquisito strange, weird, odd

Example:
There is an exquisite lampshade in the living
room.
(H uma abajur refinado na sala de estar.)

Fabric tecido

fbrica plant, factory


Example:

The dressmaker measured off enough fabric


for a dress.
(A costureira mediu tecido suficiente para
um vestido.)

Fate destino

fato fact, event, happening

Figure nmero

figura picture

File arquivo

fila line, queue

Flagrant espalhafatoso, escandaloso

flagrante at the very moment / em


flagrante in the act, red-handed / pegar
em flagrante to take by surprise

Gem pedra preciosa, jia, prola

gema (ovo) yolk

Genial afvel, aprazvel

genial brilliant

Gentility fidalguia, nobreza

gentileza kindness, niceness

Gracious benvolo, bondoso

gracioso graceful

Grand grandioso, nobre, magnfico

grande (tamanho, volume) big, large

Gratuity gratificao, gorjeta

gratuito free

Grip segurar firme

gripe influenza, flu

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Gripe (noun) queixa, reclamao


Gripe (verb) reclamar continuamente

Example:
I have a gripe about the service here.
(Tenho uma queixa sobre o servio daqui.)
Hazard risco, perigo, arriscar, colocar em risco
Examples:
The commander was hazarding the health of his crew.
(O comandante estava colocando em risco a sade de sua
tripulao.)

azar bad luck

Space travel is full of hazards.


(Viajar ao espao cheio de riscos.)

ingls

Hostage refm

hspede guest

21

extensivo
Idioms expresses idiomticas

idiomas - languages

Income tax return declarao de imposto income tax refund - devoluo do imposto
de renda
de renda

Ingenuity engenhosidade, criatividade

ingenuidade - verdancy, greenness,


naivety, gullibility

Ingenious* hbil, engenhoso

ingnuo - naive, ingenuous

Inhabitable habitvel

inabitvel - uninhabitable

Example:
Venus is the second-most inhabitable planet in
our solar system.
(Vnus o segundo planeta mais habitvel do
nosso sistema solar.)
Injury ferimento

injria - offense, insult

Inscription gravao em relevo (sobre


pedra, metal, etc.)

inscrio - registration, application

Intend pretender, tencionar

entender - to understand

Intoxication embriaguez, efeito de drogas intoxicao - poisoning

Jar - pote

jarra - pitcher, jug

Jest zombaria, gracejo, brincadeira

gesto - gesture

Journal - peridico, revista especializada


Example:
My doctor reads the medical journals.

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

*Cuidado para no confundir ingenious (hbil, engenhoso) com ingenuous, que tem o mesmo sentido da palavra
naive (ingnuo) em ingls. Muitos native speakers (falantes nativos) do preferncia para a palavra de origem
francesa naive quando querem se referir a algum ingnuo(a).

jornal - newspaper

(Meu mdico costuma ler as revistas


especializadas da medicina.)

Lamp - luminria
Large - grande, espaoso, amplo

lmpada - light bulb


largo - broad, wide

Example:
A man with a large family needs a large house.
(Um homem com uma famlia grande precisa
de uma casa espaosa.)

22

Lecture palestra, conferncia, aula


expositiva

leitura - reading

Legate embaixador, enviado

legado - legacy

Legend lenda

legenda - subtitles

Library biblioteca

livraria - bookstore, bookshop

Limp - claudicao

limpo - clean

ingls

extensivo

Liquor bebida alcolica em geral

licor - liqueur

Location localizao

locao - rental

Lunch almoo

lanche - snack

Luxury luxo, suntuosidade

luxria - lewdness, lasciviousness / lust

Magazine revista

magazine (loja) - shop, store

Mayor prefeito

maior - bigger

Mascara - rmel

mscara - mscara

Mate - colega, companheiro

matar - to kill

Medicine - remdio, medicamento

medicina - medicine
miservel (avarento, sovina) - mean

Miserable - triste, muito indisposto, pssimo

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Example: This cold makes me feel miserable.


(Esse resfriado faz eu me sentir pssimo.)

Moisture - umidade

mistura - mix, mixture, blend

Motto - lema

moto - motorcycle

Notice notar, perceber/ aviso, comunicao


Example: She noticed that someone was following her.

notcia - news

Notions - artigos de armarinho

noo - notion, opinion, idea

Novel - romance

novela - soap opera

Office escritrio, consultrio

ofcio - trade, occupation

Example:
I rented an office in the new building.
(Aluguei um escritrio no prdio novo.)

ingls

Official - funcionrio, oficial (adj)

oficial militar - officer

Oration discurso formal

orao (reza) - prayer

23

extensivo

Parent pai ou me

parente - relative

Particular - especfico, exato

particular - personal, private

Pasta - massa (alimento)

pasta - folder, briefcase

Patron - santo, padroeiro, patrocinador, fregus, cliente

patro - employer, boss

Phrase expresso consagrada, dito, locuo


(gramtica)

frase - sentence

Physician mdico

fsico - physicist

Pipe cano, cachimbo

pipa - kite

Policy - norma, programa de ao, aplice (de seguro)

polcia - police (plural noun)

Pork - carne de porco

porco - pig

Port - porto

porta - door

Prejudice - preconceito

prejuzo - damage, loss

Presently - logo mais, dentro em breve, daqui a pouco


Example: The book will appear presently.
(Daqui a pouco o livro aparece.)

Preservative - conservante

preservativo - condom

Pretend - fingir, fazer de conta

pretender - to intend

Proper - apropriado, adequado, educado, decente;


propriamente dito

prprio - own

Propitiate aplacar, apaziguar, conciliar

propiciar - to give, to provide, to


afford

Pull - puxar

pular - to jump

Push - empurrar

puxar - to pull

Range - variar, cobrir


Ranger - guarda florestal

24

ranger (verb) - to creak, to grind

Realize - notar, perceber, compreender

realizar - to carry out, to make


come true, to accomplish

Recipient - recebedor, agraciado

recipiente - container

ingls

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presentemente, atualmente - at
present, now, today

extensivo
Reclaim recuperar
Example: A wallet has been found and can be
reclaimed at the managers office.
(Foi encontrada uma carteira, que pode ser recuperar
no escritrio do gerente.)

reclamar - to complain about, to


claim

Record - gravar, disco, gravao


Refrigerant - substncia refrigerante usada em
aparelhos
Relapse recair, reincidir
Requirement - requisito
Resign demitir-se, renunciar
Respite descanso, folga

recordar - to remember, to recall


refrigerante - soda, soft drink
relapso (adj) - relapsing,
backsliding
requerimento - petition
resignar-se - to be resigned, to
adjust oneself to
respeito - respect

Resume - retomar, reiniciar, dar prosseguimento


Rsum - curriculum vitae, currculo
Retired aposentado
Rim borda

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Robbery assalto

resumir - to summarize, to sum up


retirado - removed, secluded
rim - kidney
roubo, furto - theft*

ingls

Scenario sinopse de filme ou pea

cenrio (teatro, filme) - setting

Scholar pessoa erudita, versada

escolar (adj) - school (of school)

Selvage ourela (de tecido), borda

selvagem - savage, wild

Senior - idoso

senhor - mister, sir

Sensible sensato

sensvel - sensitive

Service - atendimento

servio - job

Shoot - atirar (dar um tiro)

chute - kick

Sort espcie, tipo

sorte - fate, fortune, luck

Spectacles - culos

espetculos - shows, concerts

Stranger - desconhecido

estrangeiro - foreign(adj), foreigner


(noun)

Stupid - burro, ignorante

estpido (bruto) - coarse, rude,


brute, ill-mannered

Supper ceia, jantar

super(mercado) - supermarket,
market

25

extensivo

Support - apoiar

suportar (tolerar) - to bear, to


stand

Syllabus contedo programtico

slaba - syllable

Sympathetic - compreensivo, solidrio com os


problemas e sentimentos do outro

simptico - nice

Sympathize - compadecer-se,
mostrar-se compreensivo
Example: You must sympathize
with the widow.

simpatizar - to feel an affection


for, to take a liking to

(Voc deve se mostrar


compreensivo com a viva.)
Sympathy - compaixo, condolncia(s),
solidariedade

simpatia - likeableness, liking,


affection, affinity

Tax - imposto

taxa - rate, fee

Tent - barraca, tenda

tentar - to try

Toss - arremessar, arremesso, arremesso de


moeda para decidir algo.
tosse, tossir - cough, to cough

Trainer - preparador fsico

treinador - coach

Turn - vez, volta, curva / virar, girar

turno - shift, round

Tutor - professor particular

tutor - curator, guardian

Ultimately - em ltima anlise

ultimamente - letely, recently

Vegetables - verduras,
legumes

vegetais - plants

Venture risco, acaso,


aventura**

ventura (felicidade)
good luck

Vicious - defeituoso, impuro; perverso, mau, feroz


Examples: a vicious circle - crculo vicioso
vicious air - ar viciado, impuro
a vicious temper - um temperamento
explosivo,
perverso
a vicious dog - um co feroz

26

happiness,

viciado (em drogas) - addicted (adjective); addict (noun)

ingls

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Example: bouquet toss

extensivo
Vine - videira

vinho - wine

Voluble falante, loquaz

volvel - fickle, shifty, inconstant

* Usa-se theft no sentido de furto: ato que acontece quando ningum v e no h violncia. Usa-se robbery

para assaltos em que h violncia e ameaas.


** A expresso joint venture, muito usada hoje em dia, significa uma aventura conjunta ou empreendimento
conjunto, geralmente de natureza comercial ou industrial, no qual duas pessoas (fsicas ou jurdicas) investem

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recursos financeiros com a finalidade de auferir lucro.

ingls

27

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extensivo

Anotaes:

28

ingls

Ingls

Fsica

Mdulo 1

CAPTULO 3 - tips
A compreenso do texto dispensa a traduo palavra por palavra. O uso excessivo do dicionrio implica em
perda de tempo. necessrio o uso constante dr raciocnio para analisar, deduzir e concluir satisfatoriamente.
Sempre que voc for ler um texto instrumental, no caso um texto em lngua estrangeira, deve:
1 - No usar o dicionrio nesse primeiro momento.
2 - Atentar para a apresentao visual do texto.
3 Atentar para o ttulo do texto (traduza-o se for preciso, pois h sempre uma correlao entre ttulo e assunto
do texto)
4 Fazer um brainstorme do ttulo (todos os possveis assuntos que podem aparecer no texto), utilizando o seu
previous Knowledge (o que voc sabe sobre o assunto).
5 Fazer uma previso dos possveis assuntos a serem tratados no texto (prediction).
6 Ler o texto do comeo ao fim, partindo do geral para o especfico, atentando para:
6.1 as palavras transparentes (cognates words).
6.2 as palavras conhecidas (palavras que voc j sabe em ingls).
7 Inferir as palavras apenas pelos seus contextos, sem a ajuda de um dicionrio.
8 Depois de ter lido todo o texto, voc deve ler cada pargrafo novamente, atentando para o tpico frasal de
cada pargrafo.
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9 Voc deve usar o dicionrio apenas para entender as palavras mais importantes de cada pargrafo.
Dependendo do objetivo da leitura, voc dever distinguir trs nveis de compreenso:
_ General comprehension: obtida atravs de uma leitura rpida para se captar as informaes genricas do
texto, ou seja, o que de maior relevncia para o texto.
_ Main points comprehension: A leitura dos pontos principais exige que nos detenhamos com maior ateno
na busca das informaes principais do texto, observando cada pargrafo para identificar os dados

especficos

que mais interessam ao leitor.


_ Detailed comprehension: Este tipo de leitura mais profundo que os anteriores. Exige a compreenso dos
detalhes do texto e demanda, por isso, muito mais tempo. Deve ser cuidados, especialmente quando

apli-

cada em instrues operacionais de equipamentos, experincias, etc... de modo que seu funcionamento

seja

preciso e seguro.
Maior sucesso ter o leitor no estudo do texto se fizer uso de algumas estratgias de leitura, bem como todas
as dicas que o prprio texto proporciona. Conhea a seguir alguns desses elementos.
1 Skimming: Estratgia que consiste em lanar os olhos rapidamente sobre o texto, numa breve leitura para
captar o assunto geral apenas, se esse for o objetivo da leitura.
2 Scanning: uma estratgia de leitura no-linear em que o leitor busca objetivamente localizar as
maes em que est interessado. Atravs do scanning o leitor objetivo e seletivo e nem sempre

inforprecisa ler

o texto todo.
Exemplo: a procura dos tipos de contgio da AIDS em um texto sobre doena.
3 Cognates: Muito comuns na lngua inglesa, os cognatos so termos de procedncia grega ou latina bastante
parecidos com o portugus tanto na forma escrita como no significado. Seria interessante o aluno notar que os
cognatos podem ser idnticos: radio, piano, hospital, nuclear, social, etc...
Bastante parecidos: gasoline, inflation. Intelligent, population, history, etc...
Vagamente parecidos: electricity, responsible, infalible, explain, activity, etc...

ingls

29

extensivo
4 - Repeated words: Quando certas palavras se repetem vrias vezes no texto, mesmo com formas diferentes
(exemplo socialismo, social, socialist, socialize...), normalmente so importantes para a compreenso. As palavras
repetidas aparecem especialmente na forma de verbos, substantivos e adjetivos e nem sempre so cognatas.
5 Typography: As marcas tipogrficas so elementos que, no texto, transmitem informaes nem sempre
representadas por palavras. Reconhece-las um auxlio bastante til leitura.
6 Key words: As palavras-chave so aquelas que esto mais de perto associadas especificamente ao assunto do
texto, podendo aparecer repetidas e algumas vezes na forma de sinnimos. A identificao das key words atraves
do skimming leva-nos a Ter uma viso geral do texto.
7 Prediction: a atividade pela qual o aluno levado a predizer, inferir o contedo de um texto atravs do ttulo
ou de outros elementos tipogrficos, como ilustraes, por exemplo. Sendo uma atividade do tipo pr-leitura, a
prediction contribui para estimular o interesse e a curiosidade do aluno pelo contedo de um texto que o tpico
sugere.
Quanto mais cultura geral (bacground knowlodge) tiver o leitor, mais fcil ser q sua prediction. Tomemos
como exemplo o ttulo ecologia. Um leitor com um conhecimento razovel poderia ordinariamente predizer sobre
o assunto listando palavras como: Meio-ambiente, Poluir, Desastroso, Poluentes, Matar, Devastao, Poluio, Florestas tropicais, Animais em extino, Proteger, Protestos, Chuva cida, Produtos qumicos, Natureza, Reforestar,
Envenenar, Etc... Estas palavras poderiam at no fazer parte do texto, mas muito provvel que faam. Observe

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

agora o mesmo ttulo em ingls e avalie o grau de dificuldade comparado com aquele em portugus.

30

ingls

Ingls

Fsica

Mdulo 1

CAPTULO 4 - extra material

PALAVRAS DE FUNO

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A
about

a respeito de, por volta de, sobre acima de

above

acima de

after

depois de, aps

against

contra

along

ao longo de

although

embora

and

any

qualquer, algum

around

por volta de

as

como, enquanto

as long as

enquanto

as soon as

to logo

as well as

bem como

at

a, em, no na

away

fora, afastado de, longe de

back

atrs de, de volta

Before

antes de, em frente a

because

porque

bebind

atrs de

between

entre

beyond

alm de

both

ambos

but

porm, mas

by

por, perto de

by the time

quando

ingls

31

extensivo
D

despite

a despeito de

down

para baixo,abaixo

due to

devido a

either

qualquer um de dois

either

tambm no, tampouco

either/or

um ou outro

enough

suficiente

even if

mesmo se

every time

toda vez

except

exceto

for

para, por, durante, afim de

forward

adiante

from

de (procedncia)

if

se

in

em, dentro de

in case (that)

no caso de

in order to

a fim de

in spite of

a despeito de

inasmuch as

porque

inside

dentro

into

para dentro de

just as

assim como,assim que

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32

ingls

extensivo
L

like

como, semelhante ao

near

perto

neither

nenhum de dois

nevertheless

no obstante

next to

ao lado de

Nonetheless

no obstante

nor

nem

of

de

Off

para desligar, para fora de

On

sobre

on the other hand

por outro lado

once

uma vez

only if

s se

opposite

oposto

or

Or

otherwise

de outra forma

out

fora, exterior

over

sobre, por cima

provided that

se

providing that

se

rather than

ao invs de

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

ingls

33

extensivo
S
since

desde,porque

so

para que, ento, portanto

so long as

enquanto

the last time

a ltima vez

the next time

a prxima vez

therefore

portanto

though

embora

through

atravs at

till

at

to

para, at a

to + verbo no infinitivo (ex: to work)

trabalhar

towards

em direo

twice

duas vezes

under

debaixo de

unless

a menos que

until

at

up

para cima, acima

upon

sobre, em cima

what

o que

when

quando

whenever

quando quer que

where

onde

whereas

enquanto, por outro lado

whether or not

quer sim.. quer no

which

qual

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

34

ingls

extensivo
while

enquanto

who

quem

whom

quem (objeto)

why

por que

with

com

within

dentro de

without

sem

yet

ainda, assim, mas

VERBOS IRREGULARES
Base

Past

Past

Portuguese

Form Tense Participle Translation

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

arise

arose

arisen

surgir, erguer-se

awake

awoke

awoken

despertar

be

was, were

been

ser, estar

bear

bore

borne

suportar, ser portador de

beat

beat

beaten

bater

become

became

become

tornar-se

befall

befell

befallen

acontecer

beget

begot

begotten, begot

procriar, gerar

begin

began

begun

comear

behold

beheld

beheld

contemplar

bend

bent

bent

curvar

bet

bet

bet

apostar

bid

bid

bid

oferecer, fazer uma oferta

bind

bound

bound

unir, obrigar-se

bite

bit

bitten

morder

bleed

bled

bled

sangrar, ter hemorragia

blow

blew

blown

assoprar, explodir

break

broke

broken

quebrar

breed

bred

bred

procriar, reproduzir

bring

brought

brought

trazer

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

irradiar, transmitir

build

built

built

construir

buy

bought

bought

comprar

cast

cast

cast

atirar, deitar

catch

caught

caught

pegar, capturar

choose

chose

chosen

escolher

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35

extensivo
Base

Past

Past

Portuguese

36

cling

clung

clung

aderir, segurar-se

come

came

come

vir

cost

cost

cost

custar

creep

crept

crept

rastejar

cut

cut

cut

cortar

deal

dealt

dealt

negociar, tratar

dig

dug

dug

cavocar

do

did

done

fazer **

draw

drew

drawn

tracionar, desenhar **

drink

drank

drunk

beber

drive

drove

driven

dirigir, ir de carro

eat

ate

eaten

comer

fall

fell

fallen

cair

feed

fed

fed

alimentar

feel

felt

felt

sentir, sentir-se

fight

fought

fought

lutar

find

found

found

achar, encontrar

flee

fled

fled

fugir, escapar

fling

flung

flung

arremessar

fly

flew

flown

voar, pilotar

forbid

forbade

forbidden

proibir

forget

forgot

forgot, forgotten

esquecer

forgive

forgave

forgiven

perdoar

freeze

froze

frozen

congelar, paralisar

get

got

gotten, got

obter **

give

gave

given

dar

go

went

gone

ir

grind

ground

ground

moer

grow

grew

grown

crescer, cultivar

have

had

had

ter, beber, comer

hear

heard

heard

ouvir

hide

hid

hidden, hid

esconder

hit

hit

hit

bater

hold

held

held

segurar

hurt

hurt

hurt

machucar

keep

kept

kept

guardar, manter

know

knew

known

saber, conhecer

lay

laid

laid

pr na horizontal,

lead

led

led

liderar

leave

left

left

deixar, partir

lend

lent

lent

dar emprestado

let

let

let

deixar, alugar

lie

lay

lain

deitar

lose

lost

lost

perder, extraviar

make

made

made

fazer, fabricar **

mean

meant

meant

significar, querer dizer

meet

met

met

encontrar, conhecer

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Form Tense Participle Translation

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extensivo
Base

Past

Past

Portuguese

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

Form Tense Participle Translation


overcome

overcame

overcome

superar

overtake

overtook

overtaken

alcanar, surpreender

pay

paid

paid

pagar

put

put

put

colocar

quit

quit

quit

abandonar

read

read

read

ler

ride

rode

ridden

andar

ring

rang

rung

tocar (campainha, etc.)

rise

rose

risen

subir, erguer-se

run

ran

run

correr, concorrer, dirigir

saw

sawed

sawn

serrar

say

said

said

dizer

see

saw

seen

ver

seek

sought

sought

procurar obter, objetivar

sell

sold

sold

vender

send

sent

sent

mandar

set

set

set

pr em condio, marcar **

shake

shook

shaken

sacudir, tremer

shed

shed

shed

soltar, deixar cair **

shine

shone

shone

brilhar, reluzir

shoot

shot

shot

atirar, alvejar

show

showed

shown

mostrar, exibir

shrink

shrank

shrunk

encolher, contrair

shut

shut

shut

fechar, cerrar

sing

sang

sung

cantar

sink

sank

sunk

afundar, submergir

sit

sat

sat

sentar

slay

slew

slain

matar, assassinar

sleep

slept

slept

dormir

slide

slid

slid

deslizar, escorregar

sling

slung

slung

atirar, arremessar

speak

spoke

spoken

falar

spend

spent

spent

gastar

spin

spun

spun

fiar, rodopiar

spit

spit, spat

spit, spat

cuspir

spread

spread

spread

espalhar

spring

sprang

sprung

fazer saltar

stand

stood

stood

parar de p, agentar

steal

stole

stolen

roubar

stick

stuck

stuck

cravar, fincar, enfiar

sting

stung

stung

picar (inseto)

stink

stank

stunk

cheirar mal

strike

struck

struck

golpear, desferir, atacar

string

strung

strung

encordoar, amarrar

strive

strove

striven

esforar-se, lutar

swear

swore

sworn

jurar, prometer, assegurar

sweep

swept

swept

varrer

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37

extensivo
Base

Past

Past

Portuguese

Form Tense Participle Translation


swim

swam

swum

nadar

swing

swung

swung

balanar, alternar

take

took

taken

tomar **

teach

taught

taught

ensinar, dar aula

tear

tore

torn

rasgar, despedaar

tell

told

told

contar

think

thought

thought

pensar

throw

threw

thrown

atirar, arremessar

tread

trod

trodden

pisar, trilhar

undergo

underwent

undergone

submeter-se a, suportar

understand

understood

understood

entender

uphold

upheld

upheld

sustentar, apoiar,

wear

wore

worn

vestir, usar, gastar

win

won

won

vencer, ganhar

wind

wound wound

enrolar, rodar, dar corda

write

wrote

escrever, redigir

written

** verbos de significado mltiplo, que podem mudar consideravelmente de significado, conforme a frase em
que ocorrerem. Em maior ou menor grau, a maioria dos significados em portugus fornecidos acima servem apenas como indicativo aproximado e provvel. O significado exato vai sempre depender do contexto em que ocorrerem os verbos.

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

Prefixes and sufixes


1. PREFIX: DIS (Indica negao des - .)
appoint (apontar)

disappoint (desapontar)

agree (concordar)

disagree (desconcordar)

advantage (vantagem)

disadvantage (desvantagem)

count (contar)

discount (descontar)

cover (cobrir)

discover (descobrir)

honest (honesto)

dishonest (deshonesto)

loyal (leal)

disloyal (desleal)

obey (obedecer)

disobey (desobedecer)

PREFIX: IM.IN (Indicam negao im, in.)

38

perfect (perfeito)

imperfect (imperfeito)

permeable (permevel)

impermeable (impermevel)

polite (polido)

impolite (impolido)

adequade (adequado)

inadequate (inadequado)

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extensivo
evitable (evitvel)

inevitable (inevitvel)

sane (so,sadio)

insane (insano,demente)

sincere (sincero)

insincere (insincero)

PREFIX: I (Indica negao - i - .)


limited (limitado)

ilimited (ilimitado)

literate (letrado)

illiterate (analfabeto)

mortal (mortal)

immortal (imortal)

mutable (mutvel)

immutable (imutvel)

regular (regular)

irregular (irregular)

responsible (responsvel)

irresponsible (irresponsvel)

reversible (reversvel)

irreversible (irreversvel)

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

PREFIX (UN) = in, des (indica negao.)


able (capaz)

unable (incapaz)

common (comum)

uncommon (incomum)

happy (feliz)

unhappy (infeliz)

done (feito)

undone (desfeito)

fair (justo)

unfair (injusto)

pleasant (agradvel)

unpleasant (desagradvel)

comfortable (confortvel)

uncomfortable (desconfortvel)

friendly (corts)

unfriendly (descorts)

to chain (acorrentar)

to unchain (desacorrentar)

to do (fazer)

to undo (desfazer)

PREFIX (RE - ) (Indica fazer novamente.)

ingls

to read (ler)

to reread (reler)

to write(escrever)

to rewrite(escrever)

to wash (lavar)

to rewash (lavar novamente)

to study (estudar)

to restudy (estudar novamente)

to play (tocar)

to replay (tocar novamente)

to photograph (fotografar)

to rephotograph (fotografar novamente)

39

extensivo
PREFIX (OVER) = (Indica excesso.)
overgrow

crescer demais

overgrowth

crescimento excessivo

Overcop

semear, em excesso

overbusy

demasiado ocupado

overdose

dose excessiva

overbuy

comprar em demasia

Overfull

superlotado, transbordante

oversuplly

Superabundncia

overstore

Armazenar em excesso

overhappy

feliccssimo

Adjetivo

Substantivo

sincere (sincero)

Sincerity (sinceridade)

proper (prprio)

property (propriedade)

able (hbil)

ability (habilidade)

real (real)

reality (realidade)

cruel (cruel)

cruelty (crueldade)

opportune (oportuno)

opportunity (oportunidade)

curious (curioso)

curiosity (curiosidade)

national (nacional)

nationality (nacionalidade)

loyal (leal)

loyalty (lealdade)

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2. SUFFIX (- TY) = DADE (Transforma um adjetivo em substantivo)

SUFFIX (LY) = MENTE (Transforma um adjetivo em advrbio de modo.)

40

Adjetivo

Substantivo

glad (alegre)

gladly (alegremente)

slow (lento)

slowly (lentamente)

careful (cuidadoso)

carefully (cuidadosamente)

easy (fcil)

easily (facilmente)

true (verdadeiro)

truly (verdadeiramente)

angry (raivosamente)

angrily (raivosamente)

ingls

extensivo
CUIDADO!!!
harp (rduo)
fast (rpido)

hard (arduamente)
fast (rapidamente)

SUFFIXES (FUL) = cheio de e (LESS) indica falta, ausncia (transformam substantivo em adjetivo)
use (uso) useful = til

useless = intil

cheer (alegre) cheerful = alegre

cheerless = triste

care (cuidado) careful = cuidadoso

careless = descuidado

voice (voz) voiceful = sonoro

voiceless = silencioso, calado

pain (dor) painful = dolorido

painless = sem dor (indolor)

harm (dano) hamful = prejudicial

harmless = inofensivo

power (poder) powerful = poderoso

powerless = ineficaz

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

SUFFIX NESS (Transforma adjetivos em substantivos abstratos.)


good (bom)

goodness (bondade)

glad (alegre)

gladness (alegria)

happy (feliz)

happiness (felicidade)

sick (doente)

sickness (doena)

ill (doente)

illness (doena)

mad (louco)

madness (loucura)

dark (escuro)

darkness (escurido)

kind (bondoso)

kindness (bondade)

weak (fraco)

weakness (fraqueza)

stubbom (teimoso)

stubborness (teimosia)

selfish (egosta)

selfishness (egosmo)

SUFFIX Y (transforma substantivo em adjetivo.)


(-oso, ado)

ingls

rain (chuva)

rainy (chuvoso)

cloud (nuvem)

cloudy (nublado)

star (estrela)

starry (estrelado)

fog (neblina)

foggy (nebuloso)

ice (gelo)

icy (gelado)

sun (sol)

sunny (ensolarado)

41

extensivo
wind (vento)

windy (ventoso)

greed (ambio)

greedy (ambicioso)

sand (areia)

sandy (arenoso)

water (gua)

watery (quoso)

snow (neve)

snowy (nevado)

blood (sangue)

bloody(ensangentado)

noise (rudo)

noisy (ruidoso)

to teach (ensinar)

teacher (professor)

to hunt (caar)

hunter (caador)

to drive (dirigir)

driver (motorista)

to dive (mergulhar)

diver (mergulhador)

to sail (navegar)

sailor (marinheiro)

to visit (visitar)

visitor (visitante)

to lie (mentir)

liar (mentiroso)

to beg (mendigar)

beggar (mendigo), implorar

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

SUFFIXES: - ER, -OR, -AR (Indicam a pessoa ou coisa que faz a ao do verbo.)

SUFFIX EN (Transforma adjetivo em verbo.)


bright (claro)

to brighten (claro)

dark (escuro)

to darken (escuro)

weak (fraco)

to waken (fraco)

loose (frouxo)

to loosen (afrouxar)

sick (doente)

to sicken (ficar doente)

fast (apertado,fixo)

to fasten (apertar,fixar)

tight (apertado,esticado)

to tighten (apertar,esticar)

soft (mole,suave)

to soften (amolecer,suavizar)

SUFFIX ESS (Forma o feminino de algumas palavras.)

42

actor (ator)

actress (atriz)

god (Deus)

goddess (Deusa)

prince (prncipe)

princess (princesa)

ingls

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extensivo
duke (duque)

duchess (duquesa)

emperor (imperador)

empress (imperatriz)

host (anfitrio)

hostess (anfitri)

waiter (garon)

waitress (garonete)

tiger (tigre)

tigress (tigresa)

lion (leo)

lioness (leoa)

mister (senhor)

mistress (senhora)

master (mestre)

mistress (mestra)

jew (judeu)

jewess (judia)

wizard (feiticeiro)

- witch (bruxa)

son (filho)

- daughter (filha)

son-in-law (genro)

- daughter -in-law (nora)

godfather (padrinho)

- godmother (madrinha)

stepfather (padrasto)

- stepmother (madrasta)

stepson (enteado)

- stepdaughter

godson (afilhado)

goddaugther (afilhada)

Substantivos Pessoais Comuns


Certos substantivos podem ser usados tanto para o masculino como para o feminino

ingls

artist

- artista

fool

- tolo(a), bobo(a)

musician

- msico

servant

- servo

foreigner

- estrangeiro

neighbor

- vizinho(a)

speaker

- orador(a)

cook

- cozinheiro(a)

friend

- amigo(a)

student

- estudante

criminal

- criminoso(a)

guest

- convidado(a), hspede

writer

- escritor(a)

43

extensivo
doctor

- doutor(a)

teacher

- professor(a)

SUFFIX OUS (Transforma substantivo em adjetivo.)


Danger (perigo)

- dangerous (perigoso)

Courage (coragem)

- courageous (corajoso)

Fame (fama)

- famous (famoso)

Humor (humor)

- humorous (humoroso)

Malice (malcia)

- malicious (malicioso)

Palavras que possuem letras no pronunciadas (mudas) = silent letters

44

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

aisle (s) = corredor


bomb (b) = bomba
often (t) = freqentemente
climb (b) = escalar
listen (t) = escutar
castle (t) = castelo
calm (l) = calmo
comb (b) = pente
half (l) = meio
thumb (b) = polegar
dumb (b) = mudo
calf (f) = bezerro
tomb (b) = tmulo
walk (l) = andar
knife (k) = faca
Knight (k) cavaleiro
Knee (k) = joelho
Know (k) = saber (verbo)
Know-how (k) = experincia
Knowledge (k) = conhecimento
Knit (k) = tricotar
Knob (k) = maaneta, calombo

ingls

Ingls

Fsica

Mdulo 1

CAPTULO 5 - TEXT COMPREHENSION

UFMG 2009
INSTRUCTIONS: Read the texts carefully and then choose the alternative which best completes the statement in each question.
TEXT 1 Questions from 01 to 04
Promoting a Global Dialogue on Water

05

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

10

15

20

Water scarcity has been surfacing more and more as a serious


global issue in recent years. That scarcity has caused significant
business disruptions across all sectors and geographies, and with
all the associated technical, economic, political, environmental
and social implications. This reality is projected to worsen in the
future, as a result of climate change and demographics.
The UN Human Development Report 2006 stresses this
critical issue: Better access to water and sanitation would act as
the catalyst for a giant advance in human development, creating
opportunities for gains in public health, education and economic
growth. Experience from the climate change debate has shown
that translating awareness to specific action takes many years.
There is a major challenge in catalysing effective action on
a global level. Governments play an important role in helping to
mitigate and adapt to the challenge, but so does the private sector,
through individual company actions and through innovative
public-private partnerships.
Such partnerships can offer a useful solution. Since late 2005,
the Forums Water Initiative has focused on creating networks
in South Africa and India. The objective has been to catalyze
ideas for public-private water infrastructure projects and shape
them into well-developed, bankable project propositions, and
financing plans.
http://www.weforum.org/en/initiatives/water/GlobalDialogue/index.htm
Access: july, 2008. (Adapted)

Question 01
According to the text, we CANNOT say that water scarcity, worldwide,
A) has affected businesses.
B) has been debated lately.
C) has improved the climate.
D) has had social implications.
Question 02
The word does (line 15) can be best interpreted as
A) catalyzes effective action.
B) challenges the adaptation.
C) innovates partnerships.
D) plays an important role.

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45

extensivo
Question 03
The organization of this text is in the form of
A) arguments for and against.
B) hyphotesis and proof.
C) problem and solution.
D) sequence of descriptions.
Question 04
We can say that the text argues in favor of
A) adaptation.
B) financing.
C) opportunities.
D) partnerships.

TEXT 2 Questions from 05 to 08


Salt
What substance is essential to life but can damage your health
if taken in excess? What has been used as money and has been
the cause of bitter warfare? What is so important to our culture
that references to it abound in every language around the globe?
05

Nothing less than salt - that white granular seasoning found on


virtually every dining table.
TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

Although current nutritional advice warns against consuming


too much salt, without it we would die. In addition, salt is one
of the most effective and widely used food preservatives and its
10

industrial uses are innumerable. Indeed, salt is vitally important to


agriculture, snow and ice control, water conditioning, the chemical
industry, metals production - to name just a few!
Salt has a fascinating history and references to it are common
since writing began. Some 2,700 years BC the Peng-Tzao-Kan-Mu

15

was published in China. This is probably the earliest known treatise


on pharmacology. A major portion of this writing is devoted to
a discussion of more than 40 kinds of salt. The treatise includes
descriptions of two methods of extracting salt and adapting it to a
usable form. The ancient Chinese methods for obtaining salt are

20

amazingly similar to processes still in use today.


Salt has also been of crucial economic importance. In some
parts of the world, salt was minted into coins and deemed to be as
valuable as gold. The ancient Greeks traded salt for slaves, giving
rise to the phrase not worth his salt to describe someone who

25

is lazy or does not work hard. The beautiful Italian city of Venice
was built on revenue from the salt trade. Roman soldiers were
partially paid in the mineral known as salarium argentum, out
of which comes the common English word salary. References
to salt abound in languages around the globe, especially where

30

salt is important to food. From the Latin sal, for example, come
such words for preserved foods as sauce and sausage.
Costin, Helen. Modern English Digest, 2005. v. 3, p. 8-11. (Adapted)

46

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QUESTION 05
According to the text, we canot say that
A) all countries distribute salt.
B) salt is an economic resource.
C) there are many types of salt.
D) we do not survive without salt.
QUESTION 06
From the text, we can infer that salt
A) has become a reference in cooking.
B) has been found to be unlimited.
C) has debatable physiological action.
D) has influenced social practices.
QUESTION 07
According to the text, the process to obtain salt has been
A) mistakenly adapted from old medicine.
B) nearly the same for thousands of years.
C) sometimes described in literary texts.
D) strictly related to agricultural strategies.

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

QUESTION 08
According to the text, the word deemed (line 22) means nearly the same as
A) considered.
B) imagined.
C) neglected.
D) pretended.

GABARITO
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08

C
D
C
D
A
D
B
A

UFES 2009
Brazil: The Giant Down South
If Barack Obama came to visit Brazil and he should we would impress him
with our bigness in everything. We might even cause him to ponder just what all this
bigness and ambition means for the United States.
If Obama came, we would show him not just a good time, but a great time. He
could join the biggest party on earth (Carnaval) or go to the biggest football stadium
in the world (Maracan) to watch the biggest, or at least the winningest, national
team in action. We would awe Obama with our geography. Were bi-hemispherical,

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crossed by the equator on top and laying our feet near the South Pole. We can sweat and freeze at the same
time. We occupy more than half of South America, we have the biggest river and the biggest iron-ore reserves
on earth, and might just become one of the worlds leading exporters of oil in the not-so-distant future. And if
that doesnt work or if our oil runs out we will surely become the leading producer of biofuel. Our reputation
for ethnic harmony is a bit undeserved but, still, ours is the biggest experiment in racial integration and miscegenation in history. We have a big, leftist (more or less) government but also a capitalist economy and are on
the way to developing a big popular consumer market for our own products and for imports. We also have the
widest spread between rich and poor in the world, however, along with the ugliest shantytowns and probably the
worst corruption scandals. When not having fun or being awed, Obama would have much to think about. He may
see us as a semitropical China, a giant stretching its limbs and demanding attention but a different kind of
attention than it got in the past. He may notice that we have Americanized, or McDonaldized, to a high degree,
but notice, too, a sense in the land that its time our bigness started to pay off and deliver on the future it promised. This might mean standing up like a giant in defiance of old attitudes and submissions. Obama might view
moderate Brazil as a good ally against the radical populists popping up throughout the continent in the wake of
failed neoliberal economics, or he may see us as an emerging geopolitical threat. There are people in Brazil who
are sure that the United States is redeploying the Fourth Fleet to the South Atlantic just to show us whos really
big. We have big ambitions but big paranoia, too.
(Verssimo, Luis Fernando. Newsweek, 28-07-2008.)

QUESTO 01
Se viesse ao Brasil, Barack Obama
A) aprenderia a jogar futebol.
B) deveria tambm visitar o Equador.
C) no se entusiasmaria com o nosso Carnaval.
D) se impressionaria com a grandeza do pas.
TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

E) sofreria com as variaes de temperatura.


QUESTO 02
Uma das contradies do Brasil ser um pas capitalista com
A) capital reduzido.
B) governo esquerdista.
C) idias conflitantes.
D) muitos analfabetos.
E) poucas dvidas.
QUESTO 03
Terra de muitas promessas, o Brasil, entretanto, tambm
A) alvo de aes do trfico de drogas.
B) campo frtil para contrabando.
C) cenrio de violncia urbana.
D) palco de escndalos de corrupo.
E) paraso de sonegao fiscal.
QUESTO 04
Se visitasse o Brasil, Barack Obama perceberia que, em relao ao passado, o pas est mais
A) americanizado.
B) endividado.
C) favelizado.
D) feio.
E) isolado.

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QUESTO 05
O ttulo do texto faz meno ao ___________ e ____________ do Brasil.
A) analfabetismo / economia.
B) clima / beleza.
C) relevo / diversidade.
D) povo / pobreza.
E) tamanho / localizao.

GABARITO
01
02
03
04
05

D
B
D
A
E

UFOP 2009-1
Questes de 01 a 07
Read the text carefully and answer the questions according to it.
Denmark worlds happiest nation
Denmark is the happiest country in the world, according to the latest World Values Survey pubTF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

lished by the United States National Science Foundation.


The annual study surveyed people in 97 countries to discover who is happiest.
The survey asked people two simple questions about their happiness and their level of satisfaction with life.
Puerto Rico and Colombia completed the top three happiest nations. Zimbabwe was found to be the least
happy, with Russia and Iraq also in the bottom 10.
The study was directed by University of Michigan professor Ronal Inglehart. He says that unlike other studies,
which have focused on economic factors, his research has found that financial prosperity is not the only reason for
happiness.
Our research indicates prosperity is linked with happiness. It does contribute, he says, but it is not the most
important factor.
Personal freedom is even more important, and its freedom in all kinds of ways. Political freedom, like with
democracy and freedom of choice.
A happier world
The world is becoming a happier place overall, according to the survey, which has been conducted since 1981.
Dr Inglehart says that gender equality is also an indicator of happiness, as is rising social tolerance. He says
that both of these things have risen dramatically in recent years.
The worlds wealthiest nation, the United States, was found to be the worlds 16th happiest country, behind
Switzerland, Canada and Sweden.

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The study also found that the countries at the bottom of the list all struggle with widespread poverty or authoritarian governments.
Zimbabwe, which is gripped by hyperinflation and has recently seen a controversial presidential election
marred by violence, was found to be the least happy nation amongst the countries covered by the survey.
(Disponvel em: http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/in_depth/7487143.stm. Acesso em: 04 set. 2008)

01. Choose the alternative that completes the following statement.


One of the reasons that make the __________ people the happiest in the world is their __________.
A) American authoritarian government
B) Danish economic prosperity
C) Canadian social importance
D) Puerto Rican cultural level
02. The ranking of the U.S.A. in the results of the survey indicates that:
A) the U.S.A. is a happier country than Sweden is.
B) Canada is not as happy as the United States is.
C) economic wealth alone does not determine happiness.
D) freedom of speech is the only guarantee of happiness.
03. The correct statement is:

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

A) Over a hundred different countries participated in this research.


B) Canada is among the top ten happiest countries in the world.
C) This research on happiness was developed in Denmark.
D) Zimbabwe is among the unhappiest countries of the study.
04. Complete the statement with one of the alternatives.
Different kinds of freedom are _________ economic prosperity for people to be happy.
A) as influential as
B) less influential than
C) more influential than
D) not to be compared with
05. Which factor is a reason for happiness?
A) equality
B) love
C) poverty
D) violence
06. The World Values Survey has been conducted for:
A) almost 20 years.
B) about 27 years.
C) less than 20 years.
D) more than 40 years.
07. Brazil ranks among:
A) the countries not mentioned.
B) the bottom three countries.

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extensivo
C) the top three countries.
D) the countries in between.

GABARITO
01
02
03
04
05
06
07

B
C
D
C
A
B
A

UFVJM 2009-1
Instructions: Read the text carefully and then choose the alternative which correctly completes the following
statements.
Text 1 . Questions 1, 2, 3 and 4.
Last Updated: Tuesday August 05200814

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

Rubbish new way to power cars

01

05

10

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Cars are expensive to run and bad for the environment, but some scientists
think they can change all that by using RUBBISH to power them.
They.ve found a way to turn some of the stuff we throw away into something
called bio-ethanol, which can be mixed in with petrol and used in cars.
The scientists say it.s a more environmentally friendly way of getting about,
and helps get rid of rubbish.
They think a million tonnes of rubbish could run more than a million cars.
For the last 15 years they.ve been experimenting with turning bio-degradable
rubbish - like paper and vegetable waste - into fuel.
They.ve found a way of doing it by heating it up to a really high temperature.

51

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15

20

The gases that are released are mixed


in with bacteria, or bugs, which turn the
rubbish into bio-ethanol.
In countries like Brazil, lots of cars
already run on bio-ethanol, but that.s
made using plants grown in fields.
John McNally, from a company called
Ineos which is making the fuel, said
using rubbish is a better idea, because
then the crops can be kept for food.

He said the bio-ethanol gives off 90% less greenhouse gasses than petrol, and helps get rid of waste.
Access: 21st August, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_7540000/newsid_7543500/7543588.stm

Question 01
In this report the author.s main purpose is to
a) convince people that bio-ethanol is inappropriate to use.
b) advise people to use bio-ethanol made from sugar-cane.
c) inform people that rubbish can be used as car fuel.
d) suggest people to buy cars which use bio-ethanol fuel.
Question 02
The word .stuff. on line 3 refers to

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

a) bio-ethanol.
b) rubbish.
c) petrol.
d) gas supplies.
Question 03
To produce bio-ethanol with rubbish, scientists use
a) any kind of waste.
b) only plastic and aluminum.
c) plants grown in fields.
d) paper and vegetable waste.
Question 04
In some countries, especially in Brazil, people have been already making bio-ethanol using
a) crops.
b) rubbish.
c) paper and vegetable waste.
d) bacteria or bugs.
TEXT 2 . Questions 5, 6 and 7.
Last Updated: Friday August 15 2008 14:38 GMT
Mars robots put to the test

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01

05

10

Two new robots are being put through their paces to see if they.re up to the
job of being blasted into space to find out if there really is life on Mars.
Nicknamed Bruno and Bradley, the robots are the latest test models for a
European rover that.s expected to land on the red planet in seven year.s
time.
Engineers say the six-wheeled robots created for the ExoMars mission are
the toughest ever built.
It.s thought they.ll be able to go where no other rover has gone before.
Each robot can turn all six wheels, move sideways like a crab and even
tackle really steep or slippery slopes.
They do it by anchoring themselves with five of their wheels and then inching
each wheel forward one at a time to crawl over obstacles.
Access: 21st August, 2008
http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_7560000/newsid_7563400/7563477.stm

Grossary:
Rover: viagem
Slopes: ladeiras

Tackle: enfrentar
Anchor: ancorar

Steep: ingreme
Inch: mover

Slippery: escorregadio
Crawl: mover

Question 05
The expression .put through their paces. (line 1) means

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

a) built.
b) tested.
c) fixed.
d) measured.
Question 06
According to the text, the new robots will be up to all these jobs, EXCEPT
a) dealing with problems of smooth or sharply sloping surfaces.
b) moving sidewalks like a kind of animal.
c) crawling over obstacles without any help.
d) blasting into open space by themselves.
Question 07
According to the engineers who created the robots they are the toughest ever built. They mean theses robots
are
a) the latest test models created for an European mission.
b) the test models that will land on Mars in seven year.s time.
c) the strongest and most difficult to damage robots already created.
d) the only robots that will find out if there really is life on Mars.

GABARITO
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02
03
04
05
06
07

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C
B
D
A
B
D
C

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UFTM 2009
Leia o texto para responder s questes de nmeros 01 a 05.
The current effort on the part of physicists to resolve the contradictions between quantum mechanics
and Einsteins general theory of relativity is not, for most people, something that would spring to mind as a
promising subject for a ballet. But it is the subject of Karole Armitages new work, inspired by the physicist
Brian Greenes popular book (and PBS TV series) The Elegant Universe, and, come to think of it, Armitages
fireand-ice style is a good fit for these awesome matters. Her piece, a collaboration with the composer Lukas
Ligeti, will be given a preview this weekend at the Guggenheim Museum, as part of its Works & Process
series. On Saturday, Greene and on Friday, his colleague Jim Gates will be on hand to tell us about cuttingedge trends in physics. If you flunked in college, heres your chance. After the show, you can meet the
participants, and have free sandwiches, at a reception in the museums rotunda, which itself looks like something out of theoretical physics.
(Joan Acocella The New Yorker, June 2, 2008)

01. Segundo o texto, Karole Armitage


(A) esforou-se muito para assimilar as contradies da Fsica.
(B) inspirou Brian Greene a escrever The Elegant Universe.
(C) compara a mecnica quntica com a teoria da relatividade em sua obra.
(D) e Lukas Ligeti apresentaro a srie de televiso denominada PBS.
(E) incorpora a Fsica ao seu novo trabalho no Museu Guggenheim.
02. Ainda de acordo com o texto, Greene e Jim Gates

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

(A) falaro sobre as ltimas tendncias da Fsica no Guggenheim.


(B) participam da apresentao de Lucas Ligeti no Guggenheim.
(C) fizeram um trabalho contraditrio sobre a srie Works & Process.
(D) oferecero uma recepo aps o lanamento da srie Works & Process.
(E) revisam princpios da Fsica para alunos reprovados nessa disciplina.
03. The Elegant Universe
(A) uma gravura desenhada para uma capa de livro.
(B) o ttulo da nova exposio no Guggenheim.
(C) uma criao artstica de Karole Armitage.
(D) um livro de autoria do fsico Brian Greene.
(E) a mais recente composio de Lukas Ligeti.
04. A expresso come to think of it , na linha 7 do texto, significa
(A) para concluir.
(B) pensando bem.
(C) a seguir.
(D) sem cogitar.
(E) repetindo.
05. its , na linha 10 do texto, refere-se a
(A) a preview.
(B) TV series.
(C) Works & Process.
(D) Guggenheim Museum.
(E) a collaboration.

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Para responder s questes de nmeros 06 a 09, leia o seguinte texto.
Big-state, social-democratic Sweden seems an odd place to look for a free-market revolution. Yet that is what
is under way in the countrys schools. Reforms that came into force in 1994 allow pretty much anyone who satisfies
basic standards to open a new school and take in children at the states expense. The local municipality must pay
the school what it would have spent educating each child itself a sum of 48,000-70,000 kronor ($8,000-12,000)
a year, depending on the childs age and the schools location. Children must be admitted on a first-come, firstserved basis there must be no religious requirements or entrance exams. Nothing extra can be charged for, but
making a profit is fine.
() In just 14 years the share of Swedish children educated privately has risen from a fraction of a percent to
more than 10%.
(The Economist, June 14th-20th, 2008, p.83)

06. O texto afirma que as reformas


(A) deixaram margem a dvidas.
(B) obedeceram lei de 1994.
(C) entraram em vigor em 1994.
(D) atenderam s necessidades das crianas.
(E) promoveram melhorias no ensino.
07. O texto diz ainda que

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

(A) os municpios deixaram de ter gastos com a educao.


(B) as reformas permitiram iniciativa privada abrir escolas.
(C) o estado est economizando entre 8 e 12 mil dlares por criana.
(D) a Sucia um lugar imprprio para a aplicao de regras rgidas de mercado.
(E) o custo da educao de uma criana depende do tipo de ensino oferecido.
08. Conforme o texto, com relao admisso dos alunos,
(A) leva-se em conta o local em que o aluno reside.
(B) os maiores de 14 anos no so aceitos.
(C) ningum paga a taxa de matrcula.
(D) as vagas so preenchidas por ordem de chegada.
(E) considera-se a classificao no exame de seleo.
09. Nas linhas 2 e 3 do texto, a frase Yet that is what is under way in the countrys schools significa:
(A) no entanto, isso que est em andamento nas escolas do pas.
(B) ainda bem que o que est para ocorrer nas escolas do pas.
(C) assim o que se v no caminho das escolas do pas.
(D) portanto, o que faz o desempenho das escolas do pas.
(E) nesse sentido, esse o modo como as escolas do pas so.

GABARITO
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09

ingls

E
A
D
B
D
C
B
D
A

55

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UNIFAL 2009-1
Looking for that first job
Question: I am a fifteen-year-old high school student
about to go into my sophomore year of high school. I
have not been able to acquire any work experience
whatsoever, ironically because I dont have any work
experience! What is a good way for me to find a first
job?
Answer: Good for you to be proactive with your job
search and income earning at a young age. You are
right, it is tough to get experience when employers
are usually able to find people with experience. What
you are facing is what most of us experienced in our
early job searches, and with persistence we
eventually landed our first jobs. Unless you have
family connections to a business where you can gain
some experience, looking for work starts with
creating a plan and getting prepared. Utilizing all
available resources will be very helpful.
Many employers are prepared to hire people that
have no previous experience for their entry-level
positions. However, you will find there is still
competition for these roles and you will need to be
able to convince an employer you are the best
candidate for the position.
You will need a polished resume and cover letter that
indicates your strengths and suitability for a
position. Resumes and cover letters are an essential
part of your job-hunting tool kit. They are the most
common instruments job seekers use to get their
foot in the door.
Early in your search you will need to determine the
type of position you would like and then what the
best entry position might be to help you get there.
With this information your next step is to look at
companies that you would be interested in working
for that have these types of entry-level positions.
Many jobs are not advertised. You can tap into this
hidden job market by networking,
knocking on doors, seeking out free employment
programs and services, searching on the internet,
attending job fairs, and marketing yourself.
Follow-up is an important element of every job
search strategy. Re-connecting with a potential
employer by mail or phone can be very effective.
If you are interested in offering a service
babysitting, yard-work, painting, etc. - you could
make up a flyer and deliver it around your
community. It may not be long-term work but it does
help you start to build your experience and can
provide potential references for you.

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
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12
13
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15
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17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49

Excerto de http://working.canada.com/resources/story.html?id=e67a7d14-32 d7-439c-9d20-9e0e82c02518 Acesso em 23/10/2008.

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1 Assinale a alternativa correta de acordo com o texto.
a) tough (line 9) means the same as hard.
b) eventually (line 13) has the same meaning as occasionally.
c) best (line 22) establishes an equality.
d) hidden (line 37) expresses a verb form.
e) long-term work (line 47) means working from 9:00am to 5:00pm.
2 No trecho However, you will find... (line 20), o termo grifado pode ser substitudo por
a) therefore.
b) provided that.
c) in spite of.
d) unless.
e) but.
3 Assinale a alternativa correta de acordo com o texto.
a) Employers can find experient people to hire.
b) Candidates for entry-positions are often high school students.
c) Part of job search strategy is to let potential employers to know your weaknesses.
d) It is easier to find a job in your own community.
e) Employers demand high qualifications for the position offered.

TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

4 O termo job search (lines 7-8) tem o mesmo sentido que


a) find a first job (lines 5-6).
b) landed our first jobs (line 13)
c) job-hunting (line 27).
d) re-connecting with a potencial employer (lines 42-43).
e) offering a service (line 44).
5 O fragmento Unless you have family connections to a business where you can gain some experience,
looking for work starts with creating a plan and getting prepared. (lines 13-16) apresenta a idia de
que
a) necessrio que voc tenha parentes envolvidos em seu primeiro trabalho para ter sucesso.
b) necessrio criar um plano de visitao s indstrias.
c) a procura pelo primeiro trabalho envolve a elaborao de um planejamento e preparar-se para o mesmo.
d) voc pode adquirir experincia mesmo antes do incio do curso superior.
e) as empresas familiares geralmente no admitem que parentes sejam contratados.
6 De acordo com o texto, assinale a alternativa que apresenta o que preciso fazer para encontrar um
emprego.
a) Publish an advertisement in a newspaper.
b) Use all possible resources to go into the job market.
c) Choose the right kind of work you would like to do.
d) Be polite with people who have connections with you as a desirable attitude.
e) Convince employers of big companies to give you a job.
7 De acordo com as informaes do texto, assinale a alternativa correta. Most young people
a) must look for a job.
b) face difficulties in acquiring work experience.
c) should look for a job in the business area.

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d) want to start working and earn money.
e) need to be able to change the line of events.
8 Assinale a alternativa correta de acordo com o texto.
a) It is unnecessary to have a resume if you do not have formal working experience.
b) Position offered for a first job is usually badly paid.
c) Jobs are offered through employment agencies.
d) There are opportunities for entry level positions, although there is competition.
e) Independent of what company is offering the job, you should apply for it.

GABARITO
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08

A
E
A
C
C
B
B
D

UFOP 2009-2

Teens Online Safety Improved by Education, Research Shows

by Dian Schaffhauser

05

10

15

20

New research shows that teens online safety is improved by education.


Researchers from the University at Buffalo and University of Maryland surveyed 285
preteens and early teenagers, both male and female, to determine how important they
thought it was to protect their privacy online and whether those beliefs affected what
actions they took to protect that privacy.
Students were asked whether they protected their personal information on the
Internet, whether they opened e-mails from unknown senders, and whether they
downloaded files from unknown people or Web sites.
The researchers found that preteens and early teenagers who were educated
on the importance of Internet privacy through school, parents, or the media were more
likely to practice online safety than those who werent. Among teachers, peers, and
parents, parents were the most influential in delivering that education, according to
respondents.
A surprising result of the study was that experiencing a privacy breach online
didnt cause teens to improve their online safety practices, according to one of the
researchers, H.R. Rao, professor of management science and systems in Buffalos School
of Management.
Students who experience Internet privacy breaches or computer security
problems show less protective behavior on the Internet, said Rao. This increases the
chances that they will be victims again in the future.
The study also showed that girls tend to practice more protective behavior on
the Web than boys. The researchers said they believe this is because girls consider
online privacy more important than boys do.
The study was supported by a National Science Foundation grant.
(In: http://www.thejournal.com/articles/23646. Access on: March 12, 2009)

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TF1-2011 - REPRODUO PROIBIDA: Art. 184 do Cdigo Penal e Lei 9.610 de fevereiro de 1998 - www.gaussprevestibular.com.br

Read the text carefully. Then choose the correct alternative for each question.

extensivo
01. To protect your privacy on the internet, you should:
A) open e-mails from unknown senders and advertisements.
B) know the source of the e-mails and files you receive.
C) avoid anti-virus protection and safety instructions.
D) download any kind of files and general pictures.
02. In terms of Internet privacy education, the research shows that students are more likely to be influenced by their:
A) teachers.
B) brothers.
C) parents.
D) peers.
03. Mark the option that is not correct in terms of grammatical and meaning construction.
A) Research on education shows signs of improvement on teens online safety.
B) Online safety of teens was shown improvement by education of research.
C) According to specific research, teens online safety is improved by education.
D) Research shows that teens online safety has been improved by education.
04. Researchers from the University at Buffalo and University of Maryland surveyed 285 preteens and early teenagers [] (lines 02-03). The word underlined in the sentence above means:

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A) interviewed.
B) pointed.
C) mentioned.
D) looked at.
05. Mark each statement with T (True) or F (False).
( ) Students who have experienced safety problems on the Internet are now more worried about online protection.
( ) Researchers found out that preteens and early teenagers who have received information on the importance of
Internet privacy are more concerned with online safety practices.
( ) Girls are less likely to protect themselves on the Internet than boys are.
The correct sequence is:
A) T F F
B) T F T
C) F T F
D) T T F
06. The research shows that educated students tend to:
A) open e-mails from known senders, protect their personal information on the Internet and download files from
strangers as well as unknown Web sites.
B) download files from people and Web sites they know, open e-mails from known senders and protect their personal information on the Internet.
C) protect their personal information on the Internet, download files from unknown people or Web sites and open
e-mails from unknown senders.
D) run risks on the Internet, only download files from family members and open emails from friends.
07. The research was financed by:
A) the University at Buffalo.
B) the scientists themselves.
C) the University of Maryland.
D) the National Science Foundation.

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GABARITO
B
C
B
A
C
B
D

01
02
03
04
05
06
07

UFV 2009

If youve been shopping for food lately, I dont have to tell you that prices are going through the roof. In

some cases world prices have more than tripled in recent months, going from, in December, a price of $300

a ton to just this week over $1,000 a ton.

Robert Zeigler of the International Rice Research Institute is talking about rice, a basic staple food across

Asia, of course. Prices surged dramatically after China, Vietnam, and India limited exports to ensure they

had enough supplies for their own people. Other food products have also seen alarming increases.

The U.N.s Food and Agriculture Organization, the FAO, says wheat prices have doubled in Senegal.

Bread prices doubled in Tajikistan. The cost of corn in Uganda rose 65 percent in just six months. One

reason: farmers are passing on their higher costs, particularly the rising cost of energy. Fertilizers become

10

more and more unaffordable for the small farmers, who are at the center of a response to the world food

11

crisis, notes Joachim von Braun, who heads the International Food Policy Research Institute in

12

Washington. And transport costs have become higher and higher, so the cost side of agriculture will keep

13

food prices high, even if we make major efforts to increase production.

14

Other reasons for the run-up in prices include natural causes like drought and pest outbreaks and

15

speculation in the commodities market.

16

And as world oil prices hover around $120 a barrel, more food crops are ending up in fuel tanks. In the

17

United States, about one-quarter of the corn crop is now being used to make ethanol, which is blended with

18

gasoline to make a motor fuel. Soybean farmers are switching to corn, which drives up soy prices, and so

19

on.

20

Rising living standards also play a role. Particularly in India and China, where hundreds of millions of

21

people are having access to the middle class, more people are buying more food higher up the food chain,

22

says Carlos Ser of the International Livestock Research Institute in Nairobi.

23

We know that consumers, when they move, lets say, from $2 to $10 a day per capita, they largely

24

expand the consumption of vegetables, oils, and animal products. This is happening in big countries around

25

the world. This has a big impact.

26

But in many cases the poorest of the poor are paying the price for the good fortune of the emerging

27

middle class.

28

Analysts like Robert Zeigler of the Rice Research Institute are starting to assess the damage. Now what

29

are the consequences of this? Well, there are some estimates that say that if present trends continue for

30

very long, we can expect 100 million people to be pushed back into poverty. And Joachim von Braun of the

31

Food Policy Research Institute says that higher food prices today can cause long-term damage as people

32

change their eating habits.

33

The high food prices lead poor people to limit their food consumption and shift to even less balanced

34

diets with harmful effects on health in the short and long run. The child who is not appropriately nourished

35

under the age of three for a couple of months will be harmed for the rest of its life.

36

The three experts spoke in a telephone conference organized by the International Agricultural Research

37

Group, whose research centers have some 8,000 scientists working on food issues.
(Adapted from http://www.voanews.com/english/Science/2008-05-09-voa21.cfm. Retrieved on May 13th, 2008.)

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Global Food Crisis

extensivo
Answer the following questions according to the text:
01. All of the following are causes for the increase in the prices of food, EXCEPT:
a) transportation costs.
b) advertising campaigns.
c) natural disasters.
d) higher life standards.
02. It is CORRECT to say that high oil prices make:
a) farmers use their crops to make fuel.
b) consumers buy more fuel.
c) crops have a lower price.
d) farmers plant more soy.
03. One consequence of high food prices is:
a) balanced diets.
b) more food consumption.
c) health problems.
d) good nourishment.

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04. The expression going through the roof (line 1) can be best replaced by:
a) falling.
b) decreasing.
c) freezing.
d) rising.
05. All of the following alternatives are examples of the present perfect simple tense, EXCEPT:
a) have doubled (line 7).
b) have to tell (line 1).
c) have become (line 12).
d) have more than tripled (line 2).
06. The infinitive form of the verb rose (line 8) is:
a) raise.
b) risen.
c) rise.
d) rosen.
07. The only word that functions as a verb in the text is:
a) heads (line 11).
b) estimates (line 29).
c) costs (line 9).
d) causes (line 14).
08. The referent to the word whose (line 37) is:
a) experts.
b) Group.
c) scientists.
d) centers.

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09. The word switching (line 18) can be best replaced by:
a) avoiding.
b) selling.
c) changing.
d) buying.
10. The referent to the pronoun its (line 35) is:
a) rest.
b) age.
c) life.
d) child.

GABARITO
B
A
C
D
B
C
A
B
C
D

UFVJM 2009-2
Instructions: Read the texts carefully and then choose the alternative which best completes the following
statements.
Text 1 . Questions 01 to 04.
70% deforestation cuts for Brazil

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01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10

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Glossary:
Rates: Taxas
Increased: Aumentou
Targets: Metas
UN: Naes Unidas
Environmental: Ambientais

Question 01
The plan, announced by Brazil, has the following objective:
a) recycle wood
b) stop gases emissions
c) clean polluted rivers
d) reduce the cutting of trees
Question 02
What are the countries encouraged to contribute with to the Amazon fund?
a) seedling plants
b) financial resources
c) reforestation projects
d) eucalyptus cultivation
Question 03
According to the text, Srgio Leito says that some things dont contribute to Brazils plan. All the following are
correct, EXCEPT:
a) economic crisis
b) wrong speed
c) international resources
d) timid targets
Question 04
In this report the author.s main purpose is to

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a) inform people that Brazil and other nations are taking care of the Amazon rainforest
b) suggest countries to contribute to the Amazon fund and protect the rainforest
c) advise population to recycle, save energy and decrease car fumes to help to reduce deforestation in the Amazon
region
d) alert Brazilian government to increase the speed of environmental actions to save the Amazon

Text 2 . Questions 05 to 07.


Zoo chimp planned stone attacks

10

15

20

25

30

Chimpanzees have long been


suspected of planning ahead

There has been scant evidence in previous research that animals


can
plan for future events.
Crucial to the current study is the fact that Santino, a chimpanzee
at the
zoo in the city north of Stockholm, collected the stones in a calm
state,
prior to the zoo opening in the morning.
The launching of the stones occurred hours later - during dominance
displays to zoo visitors - with Santino in an .agitated. state.
This suggests that Santino was anticipating a future mental state
- an
ability that has been difficult to definitively prove in animals, according to
Mathias Osvath, a cognitive scientist from Lund University in Sweden
and author of the new research.
Weve done experimental studies, and the chimps in my mind
show very
clearly that they do plan for future needs, but it has been argued
that
perhaps this was an experimental artefact, Dr Osvath told BBC
News.
Now we have this spontaneous behaviour, which is always in
some sense better evidence.

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05

A male chimpanzee in a Swedish zoo planned


hundreds of stone-throwing attacks on zoo
visitors, according to researchers.
Keepers at Furuvik Zoo found that the chimp
collected and stored stones that he would later
use as missiles.
Further, the chimp learned to recognise how
and when parts of his concrete enclosure could
be pulled apart to fashion further projectiles.
The findings are reported in the journal Current
Biology.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7928996.stm

Glossary:
Male: Macho
Launching: Lanamento

64

Prior: Antes
Behaviour: Comportamento

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Question 05
According to the text, the chimpanzee is able to do all the following, EXCEPT:
a) plan for future events
b) do experimental studies
c) recognize how and when something can be done
d) anticipate a future mental state
Question 06
Santino is the name of a:
a) Swedish zoo
b) zoo visitor
c) cognitive scientist
d) male chimpanzee
Question 07
When the chimp launches stones, it wants to show:
a) ability
b) evidence
c) dominance
d) calm

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GABARITO
01
02
03
04
05
06
07

D
B
C
A
B
D
C

UFMG 2010
INSTRUCTIONS: Read the texts carefully and then choose the alternative which best completes the statement
in each question, from 01 to 08.

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QUESTION 01
The introduction to the text (lines 1-2) implies that, at present, the capitalist system
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A) guides transitions.
B) rules the world.
C) serves the market.
D) teaches governors.
QUESTION 02
The best topic for the first paragraph is that
A) capitalism includes market economy.
B) it is not very easy to define capitalism.
C) the elements in capitalism are traditional.
D) we cannot tell the future of capitalism.
QUESTION 03
According to the text, market economy, trade and capital (1st paragraph) are
A) alternatives to ancient policies.
B) byproducts of new capitalism.
C) insufficient to define capitalism.
D) theories of economic systems.
QUESTION 04
Braudel suggests that capitalism is
A) mostly defined by agriculture.
B) moving towards immateriality.
C) oriented towards local finance.
D) related to specialized industry.
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QUESTION 05
The word disembodied (line 15) can be best understood as
A) foreign.
B) marketed.
C) nearby.
D) vague.
QUESTION 06
Communism (line 19) and managerialism (line 20) are mentioned in the text as systems that
A) are considered unwanted utopias nowadays.
B) could have been alternatives to capitalism.
C) managed to supersede globalized capitalism.
D) were commonly considered the golden ages.
QUESTION 07
We can say that the author of the text thinks that religion
A) can be seen as sub-culture.
B) is a radical way of living.
C) allows for utopian ideals.
D) induces civic engagement.
QUESTION 08
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Study this cartoon:

We can infer that the cartoon above says that socialism


A) interested few workers.
B) found hope in capitalism.
C) scared people in the US.
D) surprised most politicians.

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GABARITO
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08

C
B
C
B
D
B
C
B

UFTM 2010-1
Leia o texto e responda s questes de nmeros 01 a 04.
The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) is an alliance driven by the vision
of a world without malnutrition. GAIN mobilizes public-( I ) partnerships and provides financial and technical support to deliver healthier foods and supplements to those people
most at risk of malnutrition. Our innovative partnership projects in more than 25 countries are improving the lives of ( II ) 200 million people. Our project portfolio is growing
and our goal is to reach one billion people.
(www.gainhealth.org/ & The Economist, September 2009)

(A) mobilizar outras ONGs para que se extermine a fome no mundo.


(B) arrecadar a ajuda de um bilho de pessoas.
(C) distribuir alimentao para crianas que sofrem de m nutrio.
(D) diminuir a m nutrio atravs de diversas aes.
(E) convencer outros pases a distribuir fortificantes a pessoas famintas.
02. Assinale a alternativa que preenche corretamente os espaos ( I ) e ( II ), respectivamente.
(A) governmental fewer than
(B) industrialized most
(C) private nearly
(D) rich more than
(E) innovative all
03. Observe a palavra other em through food fortification and other strategies aimed at e indique a alternativa na qual other est corretamente empregada.
(A) Other mission.
(B) Other risk.
(C) Other goal.
(D) Other alliance.
(E) Other people.
04. In and our goal is to reach one billion people. we may say that the organization expects to
(A) become bigger and bigger.
(B) gain more financial support.
(C) get to a particular level.
(D) grow as soon as possible.
(E) increase their vision of the world.

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01. A principal misso da organizao no-governamental GAIN

extensivo
Leia o texto e responda s questes de nmeros 05 a 07.

(www.adsoftheworld.com/media/print/avaya_sales)

05. The tone used in the ad is


(A) hopeless.
(B) persuasive.
(C) sarcastic.
(D) nostalgic.
(E) optimistic.

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06. The adjective annoyed and the verb hang up respectively mean
(A) extremely irritated; make another call.
(B) slightly angry; end a telephone conversation.
(C) a bit anxious; give up calling.
(D) very nervous; stop trying.
(E) too impatient; talk to someone else.
07. The last sentence says There is a better way. Which alternative would complete this sentence adequately?
(A) to assist the customers.
(B) to answer a call back.
(C) to buy and sell telephones.
(D) to have good manners.
(E) to end a phone conversation.
Leia o cartoon e responda s questes de nmeros 08 e 09.

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(www.comics.com/the_buckets/)

08. Dentro do contexto do cartoon, a mulher parece no entender a pergunta que lhe feita porque
(A) a pergunta soa muito machista e sem graa.
(B) ela no v diferena entre um e outro tipo de filme.
(C) a palavra flick no tem sentido para ela.
(D) o homem espera que ela saiba demais.
(E) ela nem sempre consultada sobre esse assunto.
09. De acordo com a opinio expressa pelo homem, no segundo e terceiro quadrinhos, pode-se concluir que

GABARITO
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09

D
C
E
A
C
B
A
B
E

UERJ EM FOCO...
BUENA VISTA SOCIAL CLUB (G, 101 minutes) In this charming documentary, German director Wim
Wenders chronicles his friend Ry Cooders successful attempt to persuade a lost generation of legendary Cuban
musicians to make a comeback album called Buena Vista Social Club. It sold more than a million copies. Between
the beats of this so-called son music, you can feel a touching camaraderie among the musicians, including 80-yearold pianist Ruben Gonzalez and Ibrahim Ferrer, aka The Nat King Cole of Cuba, whose soft, 70-year-old voice will
slay anyone with an appreciation of fine music. When the band makes its final appearance on the Carnegie stage,
to the sweetly mournful strains of Quizs, Quizs, Quizs, you realize youre hooked on these musicians for life.
In Spanish and English with subtitles. Contains nothing objectionable except mildly risqu lyrics. Arlington Cinema
N Drafthouse.
(Washington Post on line www.washingtonpost.com. March 24, 2000)

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(A) as mulheres ferem os sentimentos dos homens em filmes feitos para mulheres.
(B) os homens gostam de ouvir a opinio das mulheres na hora de escolher filmes.
(C) as mulheres apreciam mais o gnero romntico ou drama.
(D) os chamados filmes masculinos no ferem os sentimentos de outras pessoas.
(E) os filmes feitos para homens so mais agressivos do ponto de vista fsico.

extensivo
(UERJ 2001/1) Questo 01
The film, mentioned above, is now playing at local theaters nationwide.
As far as communicative intentions are concerned, the text above is best characterized as:
(A) a summary of the virtuosity of legendary Cuban performers
(B) an account of the evolution of Cuban finest music and bands
(C) a review of the screen performance of old-time Cuban artists
(D) a description of the tropical rhythm of famous Cuban composers

(UERJ 2001/1) Questo 02


When the band makes its final appearance on the Carnegie stage, to the sweetly mournful strains of Quizs,
Quizs, Quizs, you realize youre hooked on these musicians for life.
The best paraphrase for the underlined clause is:
(A) youll hardly ever forget them
(B) youll never get close to them
(C) youll always be dependent on them
(D) youll be forever in love with them

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(UERJ 2001/1) Questo 03


Nouns in English can be preceded by words of various grammatical classes.
The construction which does not contain a typical instance of adjectival modification is:
(A) ... comeback album ...
(B) ... German director ...
(C) ... successful attempt ...
(D) ... charming documentary ...

(UERJ 2001/1) Questo 04


From the excerpts below, those which signal absence of restriction on theater admission are:
(A) ... 101 minutes ...
... to persuade a lost generation of legendary Cuban musicians...
(B) ... G ...
Contains nothing objectionable except mildly risqu lyrics.
(C) ... aka The Nat King Cole of Cuba...
... anyone with an appreciation of fine music.
(D) In Spanish and English with subtitles.
... N ...

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72

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(UERJ 2001/2) Questo 05
The text depicts the new library of Alexandria as an extraordinary architectural landmark.
The author, however, draws attention to problems characterized as:
(A) financial and political
(B) scholarly and nationalistic
(C) geographical and historical
(D) environmental and occupational
(UERJ 2001/2) Questo 06
According to the text, there is a curious parallel between ancient and modern Egyptians with regard to procedures
for the compilation of reading material.
The excerpt containing the description of a practice of the past is:
(A) they raided passing ships and forced them to hand over any scrolls (l. 39 - 41)
(B) They ask visiting businessmen and dignitaries (...) any spare books (l. 43- 45)
(C) Acquisitions that fit the strategy include copies of Spains Escorial collection (l. 56 - 57)
(D) sources say that the Egyptians dont want a librarian running the show (l. 70 - 72)
(UERJ 2001/2) Questo 07
A single conjunction may express multiple meanings.
In Short of trying to collect every book in existence, as the ancient library did..., the word as conveys the idea

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of:
(A) cause
(B) comparison
(C) simultaneity
(D) contradiction
(UERJ 2001/2) Questo 08

The comic strip offers food for thought about the way men feel and behave.
In Electras view, Cathys attitude reflects:
(A) absence of true affection and desires
(B) carelessness toward pets and loved ones
(C) inconsistency between words and actions
(D) deceitfulness in relation to intentions and virtues

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(UERJ 2002/1) Questo 09


From the idea expressed in the text and the title of the article one may infer that:
(A) Brazil will fulfill its economic potential once it opens its borders and embraces free trade.
(B) The air industry will go bust when Brazil beats its bitterest rivals, thanks to effective foreign policies.
(C) Brazil will soon be in a position to wield decisive influence over the future of the world trading system.
(D) The establishment of free trade will be strongly supported by Brazilian leaders due to reasonable tariffs.

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Com base no texto abaixo, responda s questes de nmeros 09 a 12.

extensivo
(UERJ 2002/1) Questo 10
What they have in common is the sight of Brazil as it sheds its image as eternally easygoing... (l. 09 - 10)
The two instances of the word as in the sentence above establish the following semantic relations:
(A) causality and addition
(B) alternation and purpose
(C) concession and contrast
(D) temporality and comparison
(UERJ 2002/1) Questo 11
Recognition of the economic and political weight of Brazil in the international arena is implied in the following excerpt:
(A) A new front in that conflict emerged in February when Canada suddenly announced a prohibition on imports
of Brazilian beef, (l. 33 - 36)
(B) Brazilian officials argued that the beef ban was just an excuse to intimidate them in the aircraft dispute and
gave Canada until March 1 to rescind the ban. (l. 38 - 41)
(C) When the Canadians finally gave Brazilian meat a clean bill of health on Feb. 27, government officials were
able to treat the event as a triumph and announced plans to file complaints against Canada (l. 41 - 45)
(D) This was a win-win situation for Brazil, in that it got the attention of the Canadians and will probably get more
attention at the upcoming summit than it would have otherwise, (l. 47 - 50)
(UERJ 2002/1) Questo 12
South American officials are cautious and not very confident about policy issues concerning the:

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(A) reciprocity of commercial trade in the Americas


(B) adoption of peaceful political strategies by the US
(C) agenda of the Foreign Relations Council in Quebec
(D) candidacy of Brazil for a seat in the United Nations
Com base no texto abaixo, responda s questes de nmeros 13 e 14.
JAZZ AT LINCOLN CENTER TO REACH FROM BRAZIL TO NEW ORLEANS
The longer works of John Coltrane and Charles Mingus, an Abbey Lincoln retrospective and a Brazilian music
festival are among more than 400 events worldwide planned by Jazz at Lincoln Center for its 11th season as a
year-round producer, starting in September.
After a July residency by the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra at the Vitoria-Gasteiz Festival in Spain, the organization
plans a fall series of performances, educational events and broadcasts centering on the theme Jump In. Jump In
signifies the philosophy of Jazz at Lincoln Center, which is welcome and dont hesitate, like when you go to somebodys house and they try to make you comfortable in the shortest period of time, said Wynton Marsalis, the organizations artistic director. We have a season that is inclusive of many styles and forms, with musicians of all persuasions.
Since its inception, Jazz at Lincoln Center has been criticized for ignoring music produced since the 1960s. The
2001-2 season suggests a broader focus: two concerts are to explore the later, visionary works of Coltrane and Mingus, and a three-concert retrospective will present not only Ms. Lincolns musical compositions but her poetry as well.
A series of events will also reflect the relationship between Brazilian music and jazz, including collaborations
between the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra and a samba band led by the percussionist Cyro Baptista; three concerts
featuring new arrangements of the music of the Brazilian composer Pixinguinha, performed by a small ensemble led
by the guitarist Romero Lubambo; an annotated film program that examines the carnival traditions of Brazil and New
Orleans; and three Jazz for Young People concerts, one on Mingus, one on Coltrane and a third titled What Is Samba?
http://www.nytimes.com . March 26.2001

(UERJ 2002/1) Questo 13


The article above was extracted from the city entertainment section of a renowned American newspaper.
The upcoming attractions are best described in:
(A) high-quality jazz orchestras led by Brazilian musicians will play in New Orleans
(B) artistic trends of Brazil and New Orleans will be showcased in New York City

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(C) carnival traditions and samba music arrangements will be examined in New York City
(D) jazz bands and Brazilian samba composers will give joint performances in New Orleans
(UERJ 2002/1) Questo 14
The theme Jump In, chosen by the artistic organizers for the diversified events, is intended to:
(A) shake the audience
(B) promote cultural exchange
(C) make festival-goers feel at ease
(D) bring together music traditions

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Com base no texto abaixo, responda s questes de nmeros 15 a 18.

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(UERJ 2002/2) Questo 15
The main aim of the proposal for the United Nations is to raise public awareness in relation to the following course
of action:
(A) healing degraded ecosystems
(B) preserving endangered species
(C) diminishing human exploitation
(D) preventing ecological devastation
(UERJ 2002/2) Questo 16
According to the text, true global security will only be achieved through initiatives to:
(A) refine clean-up techniques
(B) promote worldwide peace
(C) implement ecological recovery
(D) encourage local volunteer work
(UERJ 2002/2) Questo 17

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These two practices, suggested in the text, produce distinct results.


They are best characterized in the opposition conveyed by the following pair of adjectives:
(A) topological and climatic
(B) permanent and provisional
(C) prescriptive and descriptive
(D) segregatory and combinatory
(UERJ 2002/2) Questo 18

In the excerpt above, the adverb ultimately means:


(A) lastly
(B) recently
(C) currently
(D) fundamentally
Com base no texto abaixo, responda s questes de nmeros 19 e 20.

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(UERJ 2002/2) Questo 19


The intention behind a manifesto is that of eliciting some kind of response from readers.
Therefore, the most basic reaction to be expected here is:

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(A) provision of funds


(B) change of attitude
(C) propaganda of ideas
(D) distribution of tasks
(UERJ 2002/2) Questo 20
The argumentation in the text is structured by means of the following combination of strategies:
(A) explanation and analogy
(B) definition and illustration
(C) justification and purpose
(D) condition and presupposition
Com base no texto abaixo, responda s questes de nmeros 21 a 24.

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(UERJ 2003/1) Questo 21


The text is a piece of criticism where the writer publicly denounces conflicts behind the disclosure of scientific findings.
The authors argumentation is developed on the basis of:
(A) a description of restrictive policies adopted by Congress
(B) a detailed historical account of irregular editing procedures
(C) the testimony of renowned scientists concerned with conflicts of interest
(D) the transcription of fragments of a letter denouncing financial problems
(UERJ 2003/1) Questo 22
Scientists general concern is expressed in the following excerpt:
(A) Such conflicts, many of which are associated with the rise of industry-funded science, have already attracted
scrutiny from Congress, (l. 6 - 7)
(B) In the last few years, a number of spectacular failures of disclosure and editorial oversight have come to light.
(l. 12)
(C) a panel report endorsing a proprietary blood test for Alzheimers disease but did not disclose that one of the
panelists held a patent on the test (l. 16 - 17)
(D) there is a risk that more research will just become client science, where truth is determined according to
your clients needs. (l. 21 - 22)
(UERJ 2003/1) Questo 23
One of the corrective actions proposed by scientists is:
(A) peer participation in panel reports
(B) written statements of journal policies
(C) public disclosure of corporate interests
(D) detailed account of authors financial support
(UERJ 2003/1) Questo 24
Nonetheless, most scientific journals still do not disclose authors conflicts of interest, and for those
that do, (l. 18 - 19)
The pronoun those above refers to:

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(A) authors
(B) journals
(C) conflicts
(D) scientists

(UERJ 2003/1) Questo 25


Friends of the Earth is one of the leading environmental pressure groups in the UK, represented in 68 countries,
that calls for prompt action to control the use of chemicals.
The image and text on the campaign poster basically suggest that:
(A) women are easy targets to serious diseases
(B) everyday products are full of risky chemicals
(C) cosmetics use up dozens of dangerous chemicals
(D) manufacturers never tell consumers about toxic substances
(UERJ 2003/1) Questo 26
The measure that best conveys the campaigns highest priority is:
(A) chemical substances should be assessed for safety
(B) irresponsible companies should be closed at once
(C) cosmetic industries should be controlled by consumers
(D) powerful manufacturers should be prohibited from lobbying

Com base no texto a seguir, responda s questes de nmeros 27 a 30.


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Com base no texto abaixo, responda s questes de nmeros 25 e 26.

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(UERJ 2003/2) Questo 27


An essay is a short piece of writing, where the writer expresses his points of view on a particular subject.
In What is rhetoric?, Prof. Sheehan develops the topic by:
(A) defining the term rhetoric and its practical applications
(B) comparing and contrasting former and current perspectives
(C) establishing the dividing line between science and philosophy
(D) arguing in favor of the teaching and practice of rhetoric at universities
(UERJ 2003/2) Questo 28
One of the functions of rhetoric is justified in the following excerpt:
(A) In other words, who we are and where we are will always be factors in how we define truth. (l. 4 - 5)
(B) Indeed, change seems to be norm in reality, while things that stay the same are the exception. (l. 9 - 10)
(C) Humans are always in a process of anticipating the evolution of discourse and resolving their misunderstandings through interpretive strategies (l. 13 - 14)
(D) A rhetorical critic studies texts to determine how particular speakers or writers use words to be persuasive or
perhaps create whole new conceptions of reality. (l. 15 - 16)

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(UERJ 2003/2) Questo 29
According to the author, the overall goal of rhetorical research is to:
(A) understand how human experiences are related to each other
(B) analyze communication strategies employed by language users
(C) study appropriateness levels of vocabulary chosen by speakers
(D) compare the different types of discourse used to persuade others
(UERJ 2003/2) Questo 30
And, since the who and where of our lives are always changing, so is our understanding of truth.
(l. 5 - 6)
Since and so in the sentence above may be notionally replaced by:
(A) if and thus
(B) therefore and but
(C) hence and instead
(D) because and likewise

(UERJ 2003/2) Questo 31


Campaign and advertisement posters make frequent use of visual aids such as pictures, drawings and charts to
cause an immediate impact on viewers.
The idea conveyed by the image for the campaign is found in the following sentence:
(A) The risk of underage alcohol consumption is increasing.
(B) Hard liquor addiction is related to ethnic and age variables.
(C) Alcohol drinking rates among kids are higher than those among adults.
(D) Teenage girls are more prone to alcohol drinking than their male counterparts.
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Com base no texto abaixo, responda s questes de nmeros 31 e 32.

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(UERJ 2003/2) Questo 32
The reason for the action alert is contained in:
(A) parents must restrict their kids TV viewing time
(B) youth exposure to alcohol ads on TV may lead to addiction
(C) the number of TV sets in a house contributes to alcohol addiction
(D) alcoholic teenagers watch much more TV as compared to other age groups

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GABARITO
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Anotaes:

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