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Problem 7.

1
Determine the soil pressure distribution under the footing.

Elevation

Plan
e

M 180

1.5 ft
P 120

(a) B= L= 8 ft
L
e 1.5 ft 1.33 ft
6

q2

6 (P e) 180
6 (180)
P

4.92 kip/ft 2
2
3
BL
BL
8(8)
8

q1

6 P e 180
6 (180)
P

0.7 kip/ft 2
2
3
BL
BL
8(8)
8

(b) L=10 ft B =5 ft
L
e 1.5 ft 1.66 ft
6
6 (P e)
6 (180)
P
180
q2

5.76 kip/ft 2
2
2
BL
BL
5(10)
(5)(10)

6Pe
6 (180)
P
180
q1

1.42 kip/ft 2
2
BL
BL
5(10)
(5)(10) 2
Problem 7.2
Determine the soil pressure distribution under the footing. Use a factor of 1.2 for DL and 1.6 for
LL.

Elevation

Plan
P u 1.2 PD 1.6 PL 1.2(200) 1.6(250) 640 kN
M

1.2 M D 1.6 M L 0 1.6(64) 64 kN-m

Mu
64
L

0.1 m 0.5 m
Pu
640
6

q u1

Pu
6 (Pu e) 640
6 (64)

85.32 kN/m 2
2
3
BL
BL
3(3)
3

qu 2

Pu
6 Pu e 640
6 (64)

56.88 kN/m 2
2
3
BL
BL
3(3)
3

Problem 7.3
The effective soil pressure is 4 kip/ft 2 . Determine the maximum allowable value
for L.

Elevation

Plan

M 48

.3478 ft
P 138
6 M 138 6 (48)
L
P

2
4
Assume e
2
6
L
L3
L
L3
e

4Lreq 3 138Lreq 288 0


3

L 6.72 ft

Problem 7.4
The allowable soil pressure is qallowable 250 kN/m2 , soil 18 kN/m3 , conc 24 kN/m3 ,
PD = 1000 kN and PL = 1400 kN.

Plan

Elevation

P D+L 1000 1400 2400 kN


qeffective qallowable conc t soil (h-t) 250 24(.4) 18(1 .4) 229.6 kN/m 2

P u 1.2 PD 1.6 PL 1.2(1000) 1.6(1400) 3440 kN


qu

Pu
L1 L 2

Vu ( x) L 2 q u (

L1 a
)
2 2

L q L a
M u ( x) 2 u 1
2 2 2

(a) A square footing (L1= L2 = L)


P D+L
2

q effective 229.6 kN/m 2

2400
3.23 m
229.6

qu

Pu
3440

326 kN/m2
2
L 3.25(3.25)

use L 3.25 m

L a
Vu max L q u ( ) (3.25)(326)(1.625 .225) 1483 kN
2 2
2

M u max

L q u L a (3.25)(326)

(1.625 .225)2 1038 kN-m



2 2 2
2

(b)A rectangular footing with L2 = 2.5 m.


P D+L
q effective 229.6 kN/m 2
L1 (L 2 )
L1

2400
4.18 m
2.5(229.6)

use L1 4.2 m

qu

Pu
3440

327.6 kN/m2
L1 L2
2.5(4.2)

Vu max L 2 q u (

L1 a
) (2.5)(327.6)(2.1 .225) 1536 kN
2 2
2

M u max

L q L a (2.5)(327.6)
2 u 1
(2.1 .225) 2 1440 kN-m
2 2 2
2

Problem 7.5
A 350 mm x 350 mm column is to be supported on a shallow foundation. Determine the
dimensions (either square or rectangular) for the following conditions. The effective soil pressure
is qeffective 180 kN/m2 .
(a) The centerline of the column coincides with the centerline of the footing.

Plan

Elevation
q

6 (P e)
P

q effective
L1 L 2
L 2 L12

6 (550)
240

180
2.5L1
2.5L12
180L12 220L1 576 0

L1 2.5 m

(b) The center line of the column is 0.75meter from the property line.

Plan
q

Elevation

6 (P e)
P

q effective
L1 L 2
L 2 L12

6 ( 1 .75)(550) 240
550
2
180

2
2.5L1
2.5L1

180 L12 880 L1 652.5 0

L1 3.97 m

use L1 4 m

(c) The center line of the column is 0.5 meter from the centroid of the footing.

Plan

Elevation

6 (P e)
P

q effective
L1 L 2
L 2 L12

6 (515)
550

180
2.5L1
2.5L12
180 L12 220 L1 1236 0

L1 3.3 m

Problem 7.6
A combined footing supports two square columns: Column A is 14 inches x 14 inches and
carries a dead load of 140 kips and a live load of 220 kips. Column B is 16 inches x 16 inches
and carries a dead load of 260 kips and a live load of 300 kips. The effective soil pressure is
qe 4.5 k/ft 2 . Assume the soil pressure distribution is uniform. Determine the footing
8

dimensions for the following geometric configurations. Establish the shear and moment diagrams
corresponding to the factored loading, Pu =1.2 PD +1.6 PL.

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

Problem 7.7
Column A is 350 mm x 350 mm and carries a dead load of 1300 kN and a live load of 450 kN.
Column B is 450 mm x 450 mm and carries a dead load of 1400 kN and a live load of 800 kN.
The combined footing shown below is used to support these columns. Determine the soil
pressure distribution and the shear and bending moment distributions along the longitudinal
direction corresponding to the factored loading, Pu =1.2 PD +1.6 PL.

Elevation

20

Plan

21

22

23

Problem 7.8
Dimension a strap footing for the situation shown. The exterior column A is 14 inches x 14
inches and carries a dead load of 160 kips and a live load of 130 kips; the interior column B is 18
inches x 18 inches and carries a dead load of 200 kips and a live load of 187.5 kips; the distance
between the center lines of the columns is 18 ft. Assume the strap is placed such that it does not
bear directly on the soil. Take the effective soil pressure as qe 4.5 k/ft 2 . Draw shear and
moment diagrams using a factored load of Pu =1.2 PD +1.6 PL.

24

Plan

Elevation

25

Problem 7.9
Column A is 350 mm x 350 mm and carries a dead load of 1300 kN and a live load of 450 kN.
Column B is 450 mm x 450 mm and carries a dead load of 1400 kN and a live load of 800 kN.
A strap footing is used to support the columns and the center line of Column A is 0.5 meter from
the property line. Assume the strap is placed such that it does not bear directly on the soil.
Determine the soil pressure distribution and the shear and bending moment distributions along
the longitudinal direction corresponding to the factored loading, Pu =1.2 PD +1.6 PL.

26

Elevation

Plan

27

28

Problem 7.10
An exterior 18 in x18 in column with a total vertical service load of P1 = 180 kips and an interior
20 in x20 in column with a total vertical service load of P2 = 240 kips are to be supported at each
column by a pad footing connected by a strap beam. Assume the strap is placed such that it does
not bear directly on the soil.
(a) Determine the dimensions L1 and L 2 for the pad footings that will result in a uniform
effective soil pressure not exceeding 3 k/ft 2 under each pad footing. Use ft increments.
(b) Determine the soil pressure profile under the footings determined in part (a) when an
additional loading, consisting of an uplift force of 80 kips at the exterior column and an
uplift force of 25 kips at the interior column, is applied.

29

30

31

32

33

Problem 8.1
For the concrete retaing wall shown, determine the factors of safety against sliding and
overturning and the base pressure distribution.

1
1
1
soil H 2 k a (18)(3.5) 2 ( ) 49 kN
2
2
3
H
3.5
M
Pa ( ) 49( ) 57.16 kN-m
overturning
3
3

Pa

W1 (24)(0.75)(3)(1) 54 kN
3
W2 (24)( )(1.25)(1) 45 kN
2
W3 (24)(2)(0.5)(1) 24 kN

N N Wi 123 kN
Fmax N .5(123) 61.5 kN
Fmax 61.5

1.25
Pa
49
2
M
W1 (1.625) W2 ( )(1.25) W3 (1) 149.2 kN-m
resisting
3
M
149.2
resisting
F.S.

2.6
overturning
M
57.16

F.S. sliding

overturning

M net M

resisting

Moverturning 92 kN-m

Page 1 of Chapter I

M net
N

.748

L
x=.25 m
2
N 6 e 123 6(.25)
2
q1 1

1
107.6 kN/m
L
L 2
2
e

q2

N 6 e 123 6(.25)
2
1

1
15.3 kN/m
L
L 2
2

Problem 8.2
For the concrete retaing wall shown, determine the factors of safety against sliding and
overturning and the base pressure distribution. Use the Rankine theory for soil pressure
computations.

Page 2 of Chapter I

1
1
1
soil H 2 k a (18)(3.5) 2 ( ) 49 kN
2
2
3
H
3.5
M
Pa ( ) 49( ) 57.16 kN-m
overturning
3
3

Pa

W1 (24)(0.75)(3)(1) 54 kN
3
W2 (24)( )(1.25)(1) 45 kN
2
W3 (24)(3)(0.5) 36 kN
W4 (18)(3)(1) 24 kN

N Wi 189 kN
Fmax N .5(123) 94.5 kN
Fmax 94.5

1.928
Pa
49
314.23 kN-m

F.S. sliding

resisting

F.S.

overturning

M net M
M net

x
e

resisting

M
M

resisting

overturning

314.23
5.49
57.16

M overturning 257 kN-m

1.36 m

L
x 1.5 1.36 .14 m
2

q1

N 6 e
2
1
45.4 kN/m
L
L

q2

N 6 e
2
1
8.1 kN/m
L
L

Page 3 of Chapter I

Problem 8.3
For the concrete retaining wall shown, determine the factors of safety against sliding and
overturning and the base pressure distribution. Use the Rankine theory for soil pressure
computations

Page 4 of Chapter I

Pa

1
1 1
k a s H 2 ( )(.12)(14) 2 3.92 kip
2
2 3

W1 = .15 (2) (12) 3.6 kip


1
W2 = .15 ( )(4 )(12) 3.6 kip
2
W3 = .15 (2) (13) 3.9 kip
W4 = .12 (4) (12) 5.76 kip

The normal and horizontal forces are


N W1 W2 W3 W4 16.86 kip
Fmax N .5 (16.86) = 8.43 kips

Next we compute the factors of safety.


F.S.sliding =

M Boverturning

Fmax 8.43

2.15
Pa
3.92
H
14
Pa ( ) 3.92( ) 18.24 k-ft
3
3

M Bresisting W1 (8)+W2 (2.67)+W3 (6.5)+W4 (11)


3.6 (8)+3.6 (2.67)+3.9(6.5)+5.76(11) 127.1 k-ft

F.S.overturning

Page 5 of Chapter I

M Bresisting
M Boverturning

127.1
6.97
18.24

M Bnet M Bresisting M Boverturning 108.86 k-ft


x

M Bnet 108.86

6.45ft
N
16.86

L
13
x 6.45 .05 ft
2
2
Using the above values, the peak pressures are
e

6e
N
16.86
6(.05)
(1
)
(1
)
L
L
13
13

q1 1.38 kip/ft 2 q 2 1.27 kip/ft 2

Problem 8.4

Page 6 of Chapter I

F.S. sliding (
1.25

c
b
b
) ( 2 ) (1 1 )
k a s H
b2

.5 (.15)
b
1
( 2 ) (1 )
(1/ 3) (.12) 14
b2

F.S.

overturning

2 c b2


k a s H

F.S. sliding (

F.S.

overturning

b 2 8.33

1 b1 b1

1
2 b2 b2

c
b
b
) ( 2 ) (1 1 )
k a s H
b2

2(.15) b2


(1/3) (.12) 14

1
1 1

1 1.75
2 b2 b2

For b2 8.33
F.S.

overturning

2(.15) 8.33

(1/3) (.12) 14

1
1 1

1
2.95 1.75

2 8.33 8.33

Problem 8.5
3
3
Assume: soil= 0.12 k/ft , concrete = 0.15 k/ft , = .5 and = 300

Page 7 of Chapter I

1
1
1
soil H 2 k a (.12)(22) 2 ( ) 9.68 kip
2
2
3
1
Ps k a ws H = ( ) (.2) (22) 1.47
3
1
1
Pp
k p s H'2 (3)(.12)(4) 2 2.88 kip
2
2
Pa

Pa + Ps Pp 8.27 kip

Pa (

horizontal

overturning

H
H
22
22
) Ps ( ) 9.68 ( ) 1.47( ) 87.15
3
2
3
2

W1 .15 (1) (20.5) 3.075


20.5
) .77
2
W3 .15 (b11) (1.5) 2.475
W2 .15 (.5) (

W4 .12 (6) (20.5) 14.76


W5 .12 (2.5) (3.5) 1.05
N

W 22
i

Fmax N 11

F.S.sliding =

Fmax
11

1.33
Fhorizontal 8.27

Page 8 of Chapter I

M Bresisting W1 (4.5)+W2 (3.83)+W3 (5.5)+W4 (8)+W5 (1.75)+Pp (1.33)


3.075(4.5)+.768(3.83)+2.475(5.5)+14.76(8)+1.05(1.75)+2.88(1.33) 154 kip-ft
M Bresisting
154
F.S.overturning

1.76
M Boverturning 87.15

M Bnet M Bresisting M Boverturning 66.85 kip-ft


x

M Bnet 66.85

3ft
N
22

L
11
x 3 3.5 ft
2
2

q1 (3a)
2

L
1.83
6
q1

(22)(2)
=4.89 kip/ft 2
3(3)

Problem 8.6
Allowable soil pressure = 5.0 ksf , soil =.12 k/ft 3 and concrete =.15 k/ft 3

Page 9 of Chapter I

1
1 1
k a s H 2 ( )(.12)(24) 2 11.52 kip
2
2 3
H
24
M B overturning Pa ( ) 11.52( ) 92.16 kip-ft
3
3

Pa

Page 10 of Chapter I

10

W1 = .15 (1) (21) 3.15 kip


1
W2 = .15 ( )(.5 )(21) .78 kip
2
W3 = .15 (3) (13) 5.85 kip
W4 = .12 (8) (21) 20.1 kip
N

W 30 kip
i

Fmax N .5 (30) = 15 kips


F.S.sliding =

Fmax
15

1.3
Pa
11.52

M Bresisting W1 (4.5)+W2 (3.83)+W3 (6.5)+W4 (9)


3.15(4.5)+.78(3.83)+5.85(6.5)+20.1 (9) 236 kip-ft
F.S.overturning

M Bresisting
M Boverturning

236
2.56
92.16

M Bnet M Bresisting M Boverturning 143.84 kip-ft


x

M Bnet 143.84

4.79ft
N
30

L
13
x 4.79 1.7 ft
2
2

6e
N
30
6(1.7)
(1
)
(1
)
L
L
13
13

Page 11 of Chapter I

q1 4.12 kip/ft 2 q 2 0.5 kip/ft 2

11

1
p k a s H ( )(.12)(24) 0.96 kip/ft
3

Problem 8.7
Suggest values for b1 and b 2 . Take the safety factors for sliding and over turning to be equal to 2.
Assume: soil =.12 k/ft 3 , concrete =.15 k/ft 3 , = .57, and = 300

Page 12 of Chapter I

12

1
1
1
soil H 2 k a (.12)(16) 2 ( ) 5.12 kip
2
2
3
1
Ps k a ws H = ( ) (.1) (16) .53
3
1
1
Pp
k p s H'2 (3)(.12)(4) 2 2.88 kip
2
2
Pa

Pa + Ps Pp 2.77

Pa (

horizontal

overturning

H
H
16
16
) Ps ( ) 5.12 ( ) .53( ) 31.55
3
2
3
2

W1 .15 (3) (14) 6.3


W2 .15 (2) (b1 +b 2 +3) .3(b1 +b 2 +3)
W3 .12 (b 2 ) (20) 2.4b 2
W4 .12 (b1 ) (2) 2.4b1
N

W 6.3+.3(b +b +3)+2.4b
i

2.4b1 7.2 2.7(b1 +b2 )

Fmax N .57 (7.2 2.7(b1 +b 2 )) 4.1 1.54(b1 +b 2 )


F.S.sliding =

Fmax
4.1 1.54(b1 +b 2 )

2
F
2.77
horizontal

b2 0.935 b1

Page 13 of Chapter I

13

b1 +b 2 0.935

M Bresisting W1 (1.5 b1 )+W2 (.5b1 +.5b 2 +1.5)+W3 (b1 +.5b 2 +3)+W4 (2.5)+Pp (1.33)
6.3(1.5 b1 ) .3(b1 +b 2 +3)(.5b1 +.5b 2 +1.5) 16.8(b1 +.5b2 +3) 2.4b1 (2.5) 2.88(1.33)
106.4 3.9b1
F.S.overturning

M Bresisting
M Boverturning

106.4 3.9b1
2
31.55

b1 0

b2 .935ft

Problem 8.8

Determine the minimum value of w at which soil failure occurs (i.e., the soil pressure exceeds
the allowable soil pressure).
Assume: qallowable 5 k/ft 2 , soil =.12 k/ft 3 , concrete =.15 k/ft 3 , = .57 and = 300

Page 14 of Chapter I

14

1
1
1
soil H 2 k a (.12)(22) 2 ( ) 9.68 kip
2
2
3
1
Ps k a ws H = ( ) ( ws ) (22) 7.33 ws
3
1
1
Pp
k p s (H' )2 (3)(.12)(4)2 2.88 kip
2
2
Pa

Pa + Ps Pp 9.68 7.33 ws 2.88 6.88 7.33 ws

Pa (

horizontal

overturning

H
H
22
) Ps ( ) 9.68( ) 7.33 ws (11) 71 80.6 ws
3
2
3

W1 .15 (2) (20) 6 kip


W2 .15 (2) (14) 4.2 kip
W3 .12 (7) (20) 16.8 kip
W4 .12 (5) (2) 1.2 kip
N

W 28.2 kip
i

Fmax N .57 (28.2) = 16 kip

6e
N
(1
)5
L
L

M net

6e
28.2
(1
)5
14
14

e 3.46 ft

M net

28.2
M
L
e x 7 net 3.46
2
28.2

M net 99.8

M Bresisting W1 (6)+W2 (7)+W3 (10.5)+W4 (2.5)+Pp (1.33)


6(6) 4.2(7) 16.8(10.5) 1.2(2.5) 2.88(1.33) 248.6

M net M

resisting

Moverturning

99.8 248.6 (71 80.6 ws )

Page 15 of Chapter I

ws .96kip/ft 2

15

Problem 8.9

(a)
The answer is case (a).
Problem 8.10
(a) Determine the factor of safety with respect to overturning and sliding.
(b) Identify the tension areas in the stem, toe, and heel and show the reinforcing pattern.
(c) Determine the location of the line of action of the resultant at the base of the footing

Page 16 of Chapter I

16

1
1
soil H 2 k a (.1)(12) 2 (.4) 2.88 kip
2
2
H
12
M
Pa ( )+2(15) 2.88( ) 30 41.52 kip-ft
overturning
3
3

Pa

W1 (1.5)(13)(3)(.15) 2.925 kip


W2 (2)(12)(.15) 3.6 kip
W3 (7)(2)(010)(.1) 7 kip
N W 13.525 kip
Fmax N .58(13.525) 7.84 kip
Fmax 7.84

2.72
Pa
2.88

F.S. sliding

resisting

F.S.

93.53 kip-ft

overturning

Page 17 of Chapter I

M
M

resisting

overturning

93.53
2.25
41.52

17

M net M
x
e

M net
N

resisting

M overturning 52 kip-ft

52
3.84
13.525

L
x 6 3.84 2.16 ft
2

Page 18 of Chapter I

L
2ft
6

18

Problem 9.1
Take E=29,000 ksi and I= 200 in 4 .

17 wL4
17(2)(30) 4 (12)3

33.78 in
B,0 243EI
243(29000)(200)

3
8(30)3 (12)3
8L
0.794 in
BB 81EI
81(29000)(200)

B 1 in

Page 1 of Chapter 9

RB

B,0 R B BB 1 in

B,0 1
BB

33.78 1
41.28 kip
0.794

Problem 9.2
Take E=200 GPa and I= 80(10)6 mm4 .

B,0 R B BB 12 mm

B 12 mm

Page 2 of Chapter 9


wL4
15(6) 4 (10)9

151.875 mm
B,0 8EI
8(200)(80)106

Table 3.1
3
(6)3 (10)9
L
4.5 mm
BB 3EI
3(200)(80)106

RB

B,0 12
BB

151.875 12
31.08 kN
4.5

Problem 9.3
kv= 60 k/in, E=29,000 ksi, I= 200 in 4

Page 3 of Chapter 9


17 wL4
17(1.0)(20) 4 (12)3
D,0 384EI 384(29000)(200) 2.11 in

3
(20)3 (12)3
L
0.0993 in
DD 24EI
24(29000)(200)
FCD

D,0
1
DD
kV

2.11
1
0.0993
60

Problem 9.4
L = 5 m, E = 200 GPa, I= 170(10)6 mm4
(a)

Page 4 of Chapter 9

18.19 kip

B,0 110.49 mm

BB

L3
(12)3 (10)9

1.059 mm
48EI
48(200)(170)106

RB
(b)

Page 5 of Chapter 9

B,0
BB

110.4 kN

BB

L3
(12)3 (10)9

1.059 mm
48EI
48(200)(170)106

RB

B
BB

8.33
7.86 kN
1.059

(c)

BB

L3
(12)3 (10)9

1.059 mm
48EI
48(200)(170)106

RB

(d)

Page 6 of Chapter 9

B
BB

20
18.89 kN
1.059

R B 18.89 kN


P
40(10)9

25.946

25.946
30.52 mm
B,0
EI
(200)(170)(10)6

3
(12)3 (10)9
L
1.059 mm
BB 48EI
48(200)(170)(10)6
FB

(e)

Page 7 of Chapter 9

B,0
BB

1
kV

30.52
1.059

1
40

28.15 kN


57 wL4
57(20)(12) 4 (10)9

113.16 mm
D,0 6144EI
6144(200)(170)(10)6

3
3(12)3 (10)9
3L
0.596 mm
DD 256EI
256(200)(170)(10)6

FD

D,0
DD

1
kV

113.16
17.97 kN
1
0.596
40

Problem 9.5
I 400 in 4 , E 29,000 ksi , L 54 ft , w 2.1 kip/ft , B 1.2 in

Page 8 of Chapter 9

(i) The distributed load shown

B,0 R B BB 0

The deflection terms are given in Chapter 3

4wL4

14.6 in
B,0
729 EI

4L3

BB 243EI .386 in

Page 9 of Chapter 9

RB

B,0
BB

14.6
37.8 kip
0.386

(ii) The support settlement at B

R B BB 1.2 in

1.2 1.2

3.1 kip
R B 3.1 kip
BB 0.386
Problem 9.6
AC 1200 mm2 , L 9 m, P 40 kN and E 200 GPa .
RB

Page 10 of Chapter 9

Page 11 of Chapter 9

Problem 9.7

x
x
y 4h ( ) 2
L L

Io
cos

(a) Determine the horizontal reaction at B due to the concentrated load.

Page 12 of Chapter 9

Page 13 of Chapter 9

Page 14 of Chapter 9

(b) Utilize the results of part (a) to obtain an analytical expression for the horizontal reaction
due to a distributed loading, w( x) .

(c) Specialize (b) for a uniform loading, w( x) w0 .

Page 15 of Chapter 9

(d) Suppose the horizontal support at B is replaced by a member extending from A to B. Repeat
part (a).

Page 16 of Chapter 9

Problem 9.8
Consider the semi-circular arch shown below. Determine the distribution of the axial and shear
forces and the bending moment. The cross section properties are constant.

Page 17 of Chapter 9

Page 18 of Chapter 9

Problem 9.9
Take A 20,000 mm2

Page 19 of Chapter 9

I 400(10)6 mm4 and E 200 GPa

Case (a):

Mmax 0 (no bending moment)

Deflected shape
Case (b):

Page 20 of Chapter 9

Mmax 1101 kN-m

Deflected shape

Case (c):

Page 21 of Chapter 9

Mmax 529 kN-m

Deflected shape

Problem 9.10
Consider the following values for the area of the tension rod AC: 4 in 2 , 8 in 2 , 16 in 2 .

A 30 in 2

I 1000 in 4 E 29,000 ksi .

A 30 in 2

Page 22 of Chapter 9

I 1000 in 4 E 29,000 ksi

Bending moment

Axial force

Bending moment

Page 23 of Chapter 9

Axial force

Bending moment

Axial force
Problem 9.11

Page 24 of Chapter 9

A 40 in 2

I 1200 in 4 E 29,000 ksi

Case(a):

Mmax 0 (no bending moment)


Case (b):

Page 25 of Chapter 9

Mmax 130 kip-ft

Case (c):

Mmax 43.3 kip-ft


Case (d):

Page 26 of Chapter 9

Mmax 10.9 kip-ft

Problem 9.12
Determine the horizontal reaction at support D.

(See Figure 9.38)

Page 27 of Chapter 9

H D1

P
1 kip
2

(See example 9.15)

rg

I2 I

L 16

H D2

Problem 9.13

Page 28 of Chapter 9

wL
12h

rc

I1 I

h 20
2

rg
rc

5
4

1
(32)
1

2.33 kip
r
2
2 g 12(20) 1 ( 5 )
1
3 4
3 rc

HD HD1 HD2 1 2.33 1.33 kip

Consider h = 2 m, 4 m, 6 m.

0 x1 9

M 0 (x1 ) 101.25 x1 7.5 x12

0 x2 9

M 0 (x2 ) 101.25 x2

Page 29 of Chapter 9

M(x1 )

x1
6
9h

M(x2 )

x2
6
9h

B,0

x
x
1
1
1
M 0 M dS (101.25 x1 7.5 x12 )( 1 6) dx1 (101.25 x2 )( 2 6) dx2

EI s
EI 0
9h
EI 0
9h

BB

x
x
1
1
1
2
M dS ( 1 6)2 dx1 ( 1 6) 2 dx2

EI s
EI 0 9h
EI 0 9h

Then H B

EI B,0

B,0
BB

0.0676(10)6

0.0847(10)6

6
0.1067(10)

for h 2m
for h 4m
for h 6m

25.7 kN

H B 23.7 kN

21.78 kN

Page 30 of Chapter 9

EI BB

for h 2m
for h 4m
for h 6m

0.00263(10) 6

0.00357(10) 6

6
0.0049(10)

for h 2m
for h 4m
for h 6m

Problem 9.14
Determine the peak positive and negative moments as a function of h. Consider h = 10 ft, 20 ft,
30 ft.

See equation (9.51) and Figure 9.49

Page 31 of Chapter 9

M BA

wL2
12

1
1.2(50)2
1
250

h
1r
12 1 1 ( h )
1
1 g
2 25
50
2 rc

wL 2 1
ME
18 3 1 rg
1+

2 rc

M max M BA

max

2
375 1h

3(1 )

50

208 kip-ft

178.6 kip-ft

156.2 kip-ft

166.6 kip-ft

M E 196.4 kip-ft

218.7 kip-ft

for h 10ft
for h 20ft
for h 30ft
for h 10ft
for h 20ft
for h 30ft

Problem 9.15
Using a Computer software system, determine the bending moment distribution and deflected
shape due to the loading shown.

Take I1 1000 in 4 , I2 2000 in 4 , E=29,000 ksi and A=20 in 2 all members

Page 32 of Chapter 9

Problem 9.16
Take E=200 GPa, I 400(10)6 mm4 , A=100000 mm2 and AC 1200 mm2 , 2400 mm2 , 4800

mm2 . Use a Computer software system.

Page 33 of Chapter 9

(a)

Page 34 of Chapter 9

Page 35 of Chapter 9

(b)

Page 36 of Chapter 9

Page 37 of Chapter 9

Page 38 of Chapter 9

Problem 9.17
Both cases (a) and (b) will are rigid frames and will have large horizontal displacements and will
behave the same. In case (b) the added member will not carry any load. In case (c) the diagonal
member changes the behavior. The frame will behave like a truss. All the members only carry
axial forces and lateral movement will be very small.
Case (a):

Case (b):

Case (c):

Page 39 of Chapter 9

Problem 9.18
E= 29,000 ksi, A= 1 in 2 all members

F0

F2 L F0 + X1 F
14.14(12) -3.53 -.707 423.47 84.81 4.62
14.14(12) -17.67 -.707 2119.75 84.81 -9.51
10(12)
12.5
.5
750
30
6.73
10(12)
12.5
.5
750
30
6.73
10(12)
0
1
0
120
-11.53
F F L 4043 F2 L 349.6

member L, in
ab
bc
cd
da
bd

Page 40 of Chapter 9

F0

F F L

L
4043

0.139
AE 29000
349.6
2 L
11 F

0.012
AE 29000
1,0 F0 F

1,0

0.139
11.53
11
0.012
Knowing the value of X1 , we determine the member forces and reactions by using superposition.
Member forces are listed below.
1,0 11 X1 0

X1

Problem 9.19
Assume the vertical reaction at d as the force redundant.
E= 200 GPa, A= 660 mm2 all members, = 12x10-6 / 0C , T 100 C

Page 41 of Chapter 9

member L, mm

e temp = TL

F e temp

ab
bc
cd
da
bd

-.606
-.714
.428
.428
1

0.67884
0.67884
0
0
0

-.4073
-.4819
0
0
0

5657
5657
3000
4000
4000

F2 L
2077.4
2883.9
549.5
732.7
4000

X1 F

-6.9
-8.1
4.8
4.8
11.4

F 0.889 L F 10243.5
2

temp

1,0 etemp F 0.889


11 F

L
10243.5

0.0776
AE 660(200)

1,0 11 X1 0

X1

1,0
11

0.889
11.4
0.0776

Knowing the value of X1 , we determine the member forces and reactions by using superposition.
Member forces are listed below.

Page 42 of Chapter 9

Problem 9.20
E=29,000 ksi and A= 1 in 2 all members.

F2 L F0 F L F0 + X1 F
12(12) 0
-.8 92.16 0
7.6
9(12) -10
-.6 38.88 648
-4.3
12(12) -19.33 -.8 92.16 2226.8 -11.7
9(12) 0
-.6 32.88 0
5.7
15(12) 16.66 1
180
2998.8 7.2
15(12) 0
1
180
0
-9.5
2
F L 616 F0 FL 58736

member L, in
ab
bc
cd
da
ac
bd

F0

Page 43 of Chapter 9

L
5873.6

0.2025
AE 2900(1)
616
2 L
11 F

0.0212
AE 2900(1)
1,0 F0 F

1,0

.2025
9.5
11
.0212
Knowing the value of X1 , we determine the member forces and reactions by using superposition.
Member forces are listed below.
1,0 11 X1 0

X1

Problem 9.21
A1 A2 A3 A4 10 in 2 , A 5 = 5 in 2 , = 6.5x10-6 / 0F , T= 600 , E= 29,000 ksi

Page 44 of Chapter 9

member L, in
ab
bc
cd
da
bd

28.84(12)
28.84(12)
20(12)
20(12)
12(12)
1,0
11

L/AE

e temp =

0.001193
0.001193
0.000827
0.000827
0.000993

TL
0.13497
0.13497
0.0936
0.0936
0.05616

F0 FL

AE

AE

temp

F0
12
-6
4.16
4.16
5

-1.8
-1.8
2.5
2.5
3

etemp F

-.2429
-.2429
0
0
0

F0 FL
AE

-.0257
.0128
.0086
.0086
.0148

AE
.00386
.00386
.00516
.00516
.00893

F0 + X1 F
-19.1
-37.1
47.3
47.3
56.8

F .019 0.485 0.466

0.027

1,0

0.466
17.26
11 0.027
Knowing the value of X1 , we determine the member forces and reactions by using superposition.
Member forces are listed below.
1,0 11 X1 0

Page 45 of Chapter 9

X1

Problem 9.22
Assume the force in member ac and the reaction at support f as force redundants.
2

A=1000 mm and E=200 GPa for all the members

Page 46 of Chapter 9

F1

F0

F2

member

L, mm

F0

F1

F2

F0 F1 L

F0 F2 L

ab
bc
cd
de
ef
fa
bf
ac
cf
ce

4000
3000
3000
4000
3000
3000
5000
5000
4000
5000

-20
15
30
0
15
30
-25
0
20
-25

-.5
-.375
0
0
.375
0
.625
0
.5
-.625

-.8
-.6
0
0
0
-.6
1
1
-.8
0

40000
-16875
0
0
16875
0
78125
0
40000
-78125

64000
-27000
0
0
0
-54000
-125000
0
-64000
0

F F L

80000

F F L

(F ) L

6750

(F ) L

Page 47 of Chapter 9

(F1 )2 L
1000
422
0
0
422
0
1953
0
1000
1953

(F2 )2 L
2560
1080
0
0
0
1080
5000
5000
2560
0

206000
17280

F F L
1

3800

F1 F2 L

1000
675
0
0
0
0
3125
0
-1000
0

1,0

F0F1L
80000

.4 mm
EA
200(1000)

2,0

(F1 )2 L
6750
11

0.03375
EA
200(1000)

12 21

F0F2 L
206000

-1.03 mm
EA
200(1000)

(F2 )2 L
17280
22

0.0864
EA
200(1000)

FF
3800
1
2L

0.019
EA
200(1000)

F2

F1
1,0 11 X1 12 X 2 0
2,0 21 X1 22 X 2 0

X1 21.2 kN

X 2 16.58 kN

Knowing the value of X1 and X 2 , we determine the member forces and reactions by using
superposition.

Page 48 of Chapter 9

member
ab
bc
cd
de
ef
fa
bf
ac
cf
ce

F0
-20
15
30
0
15
30
-25
0
20
-25

F1
-.5
-.375
0
0
.375
0
.625
0
.5
-.625

F2
-.8
-.6
0
0
0
-.6
1
1
-.8
0

F0 + X1 F1 + X 2 F2
-22.67
13.0
30
0
7
20
-21.67
16.58
-3.86
-11.75

Member forces are listed below.

Page 49 of Chapter 9

Problem 10.1
Take E = 200 GPa and A 2000 mm2

(a) A1

1
A
2

AE (2000)200

94.28
L1 3 2(1000)
A1E (1000)200

66.67
L2
3(1000)
AE (2000)200

66.67
L3
6(1000)

kN
mm
kN
mm
kN
mm

F(1)

AE
AE
cos45 u 2
sin45 v2 66.67u 2 66.67v2
L1
L1

F(2)

A1E
v2 66.67v2
L2

F(3) -

AE
AE
cos30 u 2
sin30 v2 57.73u 2 33.33v2
L3
L3

F(1) cos45 F(3) cos30 45 0


F(1)sin45 F(2) F(3)sin30 90 0

0.707 F(1)

0.86 F(3) 45

0.707 F(1) F(2) 0.5 F(3) 90

0.707 66.67u 2 66.67v2 0.86 57.73u 2 33.33v2 45


0.707 66.67u 2 66.67v2 66.67v2 0.5 57.73u 2 33.33v2 90

96.78 u 2 18.47 v2 45
18.27 u 2 130.47 v2 90

u 2 0.342 mm

v2 0.645 mm

Next, we substitute for u 2 and v2 to determine member forces


F(1) 66.67u 2 66.67v2 65.8 kN
F(2) 66.67v2 43 kN
F(3) 57.73u 2 33.33v2 1.75 kN

(b) A1 2A
AE (2000)200
kN

94.28
L1 3 2(1000)
mm
A1E (4000)200
kN

266.67
L2
3(1000)
mm
AE (2000)200
kN

66.67
L3
6(1000)
mm

F(1)

AE
AE
cos45 u 2
sin45 v2 66.67u 2 66.67v2
L1
L1

F(2)

A1E
v2 266.67v2
L2

F(3) -

AE
AE
cos30 u 2
sin30 v2 57.73u 2 33.33v2
L3
L3

0.707 F(1) 0.86 F(3) 45


0.707 F(1) F(2) 0.5 F(3) 90

96.78 u 2 18.47 v2 45

18.27 u 2 330.47 v2 90

u 2 0.417 mm

v2 0.25 mm

Next, we substitute for u 2 and v2 to determine member forces


F(1) 66.67u 2 66.67v2 44.47 kN
F(2) 266.67v2 66.67 kN
F(3) 57.73u 2 33.33v2 15.74 kN

(c) Results based on computer based analysis listed below

1
For A1 A
2

F(1) 65.62 kN

F(2) 42.79 kN

F(3) 1.62 kN

u 2 0.342 mm

v2 0.642 mm

90.00

45.00

o
FX 6.562E+01

FX 1.619E+00

FX 4.279E+01

For A1 2A

F(1) 44.37 kN

F(2) 66.48 kN

F(3) -15.73 kN

u 2 0.416 mm

v2 0.249 mm

90.00

45.00

FX 4.438E+01

FX -1.573E+01

FX 6.648E+01

Problem 10.2
Take A=0.1 in 2 , A1 =0.4 in 2 , and E=29,000 ksi.

cos 0.6

sin 0.8

AE AE (0.1)29000
kip

9.67
L1
L3
25(12)
in

A1E (0.4)29000
kip

96.67
L2
10(12)
in

(a) The loading shown


F(1)

AE
AE
cos u 2
sin v2 5.8 u 2 7.74 v2
L1
L1

F(2)
F(3) -

A1E
v2 96.67 v2
L2
AE
AE
cos u 2
sin v2 5.8 u 2 7.74 v2
L3
L3

0.6 F(1) 0.6 F(3) 6 0


0.8 F(1) F(2) 0.8 F(3) 10 0

6.96 u 2 6
109 v2 10

u 2 0.862 in

v2 0.092 in

Next, we substitute for u 2 and v2 to determine the member forces


F(1) 5.8 u 2 7.74 v2 5.7 kip
F(2) 96.67 v2 8.89 kip
F(3) 5.8 u 2 7.74 v2 4.3 kip
1
1
(b) Support #1 moves as follows: u inch and v inch
8
2

F(1)

AE
AE
cos u 2
sin v2 5.8 u 2 7.74 v2
L1
L1

F(2)
F(3) -

A1E
1
1
(v2 ) 96.67 (v2 )
L2
2
2
AE
AE
cos u 2
sin v2 5.8 u 2 7.74 v2
L3
L3

F(1) F(3)

u2 0

0.8 (F(1) F(3) ) F(2) 0


1
0.8 (15.48 v2 ) 96.67 (v2 ) 0
2

v2 0.443 in

F(1) F(3) 3.4 kip


F(2) 5.5 kip

For the following beams and frames defined in Problems 10.3- 10.18, determine the
member end moments using the slope-deflection equations.
Problem 10.3
Assume E=29,000 ksi, I 200 in 4 , L 30 ft , C .6 in and w 1.2 kip/ft .

Let

AB
BC

EI
2k
L

k member AB

k member BC

EI
k
2L

B A

0
L
B
0.6
1
C

2L
60(12)
1200
EI 29000(200) 1

671.3 kip-ft
2L
2(30)
(144)

The slope-deflection equations take the form:

90
4k 2 90

M AB 4k
M BA


M BC 2k 2 B - 3( C B ) 2k 2 B - 3 BC
2L


M CB 2k B - 3( C B ) 2k B - 3 BC
2L

Enforce moment equilibrium at node B:


M BA M BC 0

8k B 90 2k 2 B - 3 BC 0

12k B 6k BC 90

90 6(671.3)(
12(671.3)

1
)
1200 0.01076 rad

counterclockwise

The corresponding end moments are:


M AB 4(671.3)

0.01076 90 118.89 kip-ft

M BA 4(671.3) 2(0.01076)

90 32.21 kip-ft

M BC 2(671.3) 2(0.01076) - 3() 32.25 kip-ft


1200

M CB 2(671.3) 0.01076 - 3() 17.80 kip-ft


1200

Problem 10.4
Assume E= 200 GPa, I2 80(10)6 mm4 and L2 6 m .
(a) Let

F
AB

M FBC

k member AB

22(6)2

66 kN-m
12
45(6)

33.75 kN-m
8

EI2
L2

k member BC

EI2
k
L2

22(6)2
M
66 kN-m
12
45(6)
F
M CB

33.75 kN-m
8
F
BA

The slope-deflection equations take the form:

M AB 2k B 66
M BA 4k B 66
M BC 4k B 33.75
M CB 2k B 33.75

Enforce moment equilibrium at node B:


MBA MBC 0

4k B 66 4k B 33.75 0

k B 4.03

The corresponding end moments are:


M AB 2k B 66 74.06 kN-m
M BA 4k B 66 -49.9 kN-m
M BC 4k B 33.75 49.9 kN-m
M CB 2k B 33.75 25.7 kN-m

(b) Let

k member AB

E(2I2 )
2k
L2

k member BC

EI 2
k
L2

The slope-deflection equations take the form:

M AB 4k B 66
M BA 8k B 66
M BC 4k B 33.75
M CB 2k B 33.75

Enforce moment equilibrium at node B:


MBA MBC 0

8k B 66 4k B 33.75 0

The corresponding end moments are:


M AB 4k B 66 76.7 kN-m
M BA 8k B 66 44.5 kN-m

10

k B 2.68

M BC 4k B 33.75 44.5 kN-m


M CB 2k B 33.75 28.4 kN-m

(c) Let

k member AB

E(2I2 )
k
(2L2 )

22(12)2
264 kN-m
12
45(6)

33.75 kN-m
8

k member BC

EI2
k
L2

22(12)2
264 kN-m
12
45(6)

33.75 kN-m
8

M FAB

F
M BA

M FBC

F
M CB

The slope-deflection equations take the form:


M AB 2k B 264
M BA 4k B 264

M BC 4k B 33.75
M CB 2k B 33.75

Enforce moment equilibrium at node B:


MBA MBC 0

4k B 264 4k B 33.75 0

The corresponding end moments are:


M AB 2k B 264 321.5 kN-m
M BA 4k B 264 -148.9 kN-m
M BC 4k B 33.75 148.9 kN-m
M CB 2k B 33.75 23.8 kN-m

11

k B 28.78

Problem 10.5
E=29,000 ksi and I 300 in 4 , L=20 ft

Let

k member AB k member BC

EI
k
L

1.5(20)2
50 kip-ft
12
10(20)

25 kip-ft
8

M FAB
M FBC

1.5(20)2
50 kip-ft
12
10(20)

25 kip-ft
8

F
M BA

F
M CB

The slope-deflection equations take the form:

M AB 2k B 50
M BA 4k B 50
M BC 2k (2 B C ) 25
M CB 2k ( B 2C ) 25

Enforce moment equilibrium at nodes B and C:


MCB 25 0

2k ( B 2C ) 25 25 0

M BA M BC 0

k B

4k B 50 2k (2 B C ) 25 0
25
7

k C

25
14

The corresponding end moments are:


M AB 2k B 50 57.1 kip-ft
M BA 4k B 50 35.7 kip-ft
M BC 2k (2 B C ) 25 35.7 kip-ft
M CB 2k ( B 2C ) 25 25 kip-ft

12

2 C B

8k B 2k C 25

Problem 10.6
E= 200 GPa, I 80(10)6 mm4 , P=45kN, h =3 m and L 9 m .

The slope-deflection equations take the form:


M AB 0

M BAmodified

3EI
B
L

M CB 0
3EI
B
L
Enforce moment equilibrium at node B:
M BCmodified

M BAmodified M BCmodified 135

6EI
B 135
L

EI
B 22.5
L
The corresponding end moments are:

13

M BA =67.5 kN-m

counterclockwise

M BC =67.5 kN-m

counterclockwise

Problem 10.7
E=29,000 ksi, I 200 in 4 , L 18 ft , and w 1.2 k/ft .

Because of symmetry A D and B C


EI
Let k
L
EI
EI
k member BC
0.5 k
k member AB k member CD
k
2L
L

The slope-deflection equations take the form:


M AB 0
M BAmodified M BA modified 3k B

M BC k 2 B C

F
M BC
k 2 B B 129.6 k B 129.6

M CB M BC
Enforce moment equilibrium at node B:

14

M BAmodified M BC 0

4k B 129.6 0

k B 32.4

The corresponding end moments are:


M BA 3k B 97.2

M BA 97.2 kip-ft

clockwise

M BC k B 129.6 97.2 kip-ft


counterclockwise
Because of symmetry
MCB M BC 97.2 kip-ft
clockwise
MCD M BA 97.2 kip-ft

counterclockwise

Problem 10.8
Assume E= 200 GPa and I 80(10)6 mm4

Let

k member AB k member CD

30(12) 2
144 kN-m
30
45(18)
M FBC
101.25 kN-m
8
30(12) 2
F
M CD

216 kN-m
20
M FAB

EI
1.5k
12

EI
k
18

30(12) 2
216 kN-m
20
45(18)
F
M CB

101.25 kN-m
8
30(12) 2
M FDC
144 kN-m
30

F
M BA

Because of symmetry B C , MBC MCB


15

k member BC

The slope-deflection equations take the form:


M AB M DC 2(1.5k) B 144
M BA M CD 4(1.5k) B 216
MBC MCB 2k (2B C ) 101.25 2k B 101.25

Enforce moment equilibrium at either node B or C:


MBA MBC 0

4(1.5k) B 216 2k B 101.25 0

k B 14.34

The corresponding end moments are:


M AB M DC 2(1.5k) B 144 187 kN-m

M BA M CD 4(1.5k) B 216 129.9 kN-m


M BC M CB 2k B 101.25 129.9 kN-m
Problem 10.9
E=29,000 ksi, I 400 in 4 .

Let

16

k member AB (

EI
3
) k
20
2

k member BC

EI
k
30

k member CD (

EI
5
) k
18
3

The slope-deflection equations take the form:


M AB 0
3
M BA modified 3( k) B 75
2

M BC 2k 2 B C
M CB

M CD

90
2k 2 90
5
2( k) 2 36
3
B

5
M DC 2( k) C 36
3
Enforce moment equilibrium at nodes B and C:
M BA M BC 0
M CB M CD 0

3
3( k) B 75 2k 2 B C 90 0
2
5
2k B 2 C 90 2( k) 2 C 36 0
3

8.5k B 2k C 15
2k B 10.667k C 54

k B 3.08

The corresponding end moments are:


M AB 0
3
M BA 3( k) B 75 88.9 kip-ft
2

M BC 2k 2 B C
M CB

M CD

90 88.9 kip-ft
2k 2 90 73.6 kip-ft
5
2( k) 2 36 73.6 kip-ft
3
B

5
M DC 2( k) C 36 17.2 kip-ft
3

17

k C 5.64

Problem 10.10
Assume E= 200 GPa, and I 100(10)6 mm4 .

Let

k member AB k member BC

EI
k
L

90(6)(3) 2
60 kN-m
92
30(9) 2

202.5 kN-m
12

90(6) 2 (3)
120 kN-m
92
10(20)

202.5 kN-m
8

M FAB

F
M BA

M FBC

F
M CB

The slope-deflection equations take the form:

M AB 2k B 60
M BA 4k B 120
M BC 2k (2 B C ) 202.5
M CB 2k ( B 2C ) 202.5

Enforce moment equilibrium at nodes B and C:


MCB 135 0
M BA M BC 0

k B 16.6

2k ( B 2C ) 202.5 135 0

4k B 120 2k (2 B C ) 202.5 0
k C 25.18

The corresponding end moments are:


M AB 2k B 60 126.8 kN-m
M BA 4k B 120 186.4 kN-m

18

k ( B 2 C ) 33.75

8k B 2k C 82.5

M BC 2k (2 B C ) 202.5 186.4 kN-m


M CB 2k ( B 2C ) 202.5 135 kN-m

Problem 10.11
Assume E 29,000ksi and I 100 in 4 .

Let

k AB k BC

E(4I)
EI
)
2k
20
5

k BD modified

The modified slope-deflection equations take the form:


M BA modified M BC modified 3(2k) B
M BD modified 3(k) B

Enforce moment equilibrium at node B:


M BA modified M BC modified M BD modified 12 0

3(2k) B 3(2k) B 3(k) B 12

k B 0.8
The corresponding end moments are:
M BA modified M BC modified 3(2k) B 4.8 kip-ft
M BD modified 3(k) B 2.4 kip-ft

19

EI
k
10

Problem 10.12
Assume E 200 GPa , Ic 120(10)6 mm4 , L 8 m , h 4 m and P=50 kN.
(a) Ib Ic
(b) Ib 1.5Ic

20

21

(a) Ib Ic 120(10)6 mm4 Ic 120(10)6 mm4


A
B

M AD
M AB

(b) Ic 120(10)6 mm4 , Ib 1.5Ic 180(10)6 mm4


22

Problem 10.13
Assume E 29,000ksi and I 200 in 4 .

For no axial deformation, bending moment is zero throughout the structure.


Problem 10.14
Assume E 200 GPa , and I 80(10)6 mm4 .

23

24

Problem 10.15
I 600 in 4
A 6 in 2
E 29, 000 k/in 2

25

Problem 10.16
Assume E 200 GPa , and I 120(10)6 mm4 .
Neglecting axial deformation.
HC HD 22.5 , A C

k AC

EI
2k
6

k BC

E(2I)
k
24

M CA 4k ( A 3 )
M AC 4k (2 A 3 )
MAB 2k (2A C ) 6k A

M AB M BA 50.6 kN-m
M AC M BD 50.6 kN-m
MCA MDB 84.4 kN-m

26

Problem 10.17
Assume E 29,000ksi and I 200 in 4 .

For no axial deformation, bending moment is zero throughout the structure.

Problem 10.18
Assume E 200 GPa , and I 80(10)6 mm4 .

27

28

Problem 10.19
Assume E 29,000ksi and I 200 in 4 .

29

Deflection profile

Moment Diagram

For the following beams and frames defined in Problems 10.20- 10.34, determine the
member end moments using moment distribution.
Problem 10.20
E = 29,000 ksi, I = 300 in 4

30

F
AB

M F BA

2(45) 2
10(60)

135 kip-ft
M F BC
75 kip-ft
30
8
2(45) 2
F

202.5 kip-ft M CB 75 kip-ft


20

DFDC DFAB 0

I
7I
I
I
( )( )

45
60 180
L

4
At joints B or C DFBA DFCD 45
7
I
7

180

4 3
DFCB DFBC 1-
7 7

Case(a):

31

1.0(45) 2
168.75 kip-ft
12
168.75 kip-ft

M FCD
M F DC

Case (b):
M F AB set. M F BA set.

6EIB 6(29000)(300)(.5)

7.45 kip-ft
L2
(45) 2 (12)3

M F BC set. M FCB set.

32

6(29000)(300)(.5)
4.19 kip-ft
(60) 2 (12)3

Case (c):

Moment diagram-loading kip-ft

Moment diagram settlement kip-ft

Moment diagram -( loading + settlement) kip-ft

33

Problem 10.21
Check your results with Computer analysis. Assume E 200 GPa , and I 75(10)6 mm4 .

34

Shear diagram

Moment diagram

Problem 10.22
Assume EI constant.
(a)

35

(b)

36

Problem 10.23
Determine the bending moment distribution. Assume EI is constant.

37

Problem 10.24
Determine the bending moment distribution. Assume I1 1.4I2 .

38

Problem 10.25
Determine the bending moment distribution.

39

Problem 10.26
Solve for the bending moments. B .4 in ,E=29,000 ksi and I 240 in 4 .

40

Problem 10.27
Determine the bending moment distribution and the deflected shape. E=29,000 ksi
(a)

41

Take I1 I2 1000 in 4

Moment diagram

Deflected shape

(b)

42

Take I2 1.5 I1 . Use Computer analysis.

Moment diagram

Deflected shape
Case (a) has larger moment and deflection compare to case(b).

43

Problem 10.28
Determine the axial, shear, and bending moment distributions. Take Ig =2Ic

Axial Force

44

Shear diagram

Moment Diagram (kN-m)


Problem 10.29
Determine the member forces and the reactions.
a) Consider only the uniform load shown
b) Consider only the support settlement of joint D ( D = .5 in)
c) Consider only the temperature increase of T 80/0 F for member BC.
E = 29,000 ksi, IAB ICD 100 in 4 , IBC 400 in 4 , = 6.5x10-6 / 0 F

45

(a)

(b)

46

(c)

Problem 10.30
Determine the bending moment distribution for the following loadings. Take Ig 5Ic .

(a)

47

Moment diagram (kN-m)

(b)

Symmetrical loading- no sway

Moment diagram (kN-m)

48

(c)

Symmetrical loading- no sway

Moment diagram (kN-m


(d)

49

Moment diagram (kN-m)


Problem 10.31
Solve for the bending moments.

50

Moment diagram
Problem 10.32
Determine the bending moment distribution.

51

Moment diagram (kip-ft)


Problem 10.33
Solve for the bending moments.

Symmetrical loading- no sway

52

Moment diagram
Problem 10.34
For the frame shown, determine the end moments and the reactions. Assume E 200 GPa , and

I 40(10)6 mm4 .

M F AB 0
M F BA

24(6) 2
108 kN-m
8

I
5I
3 4I
3 4I 3 I
( ) ( ) ( )

4 6
4 6
4 3
4
L

I
Joint B
DF DF 2 0.4
DFDB .2
CB
BA
5I

4
53

Problem 10.35
Determine analytic expression for the rotation and end moments at B. Take I 1000 in 4 , A=20

in 2 for all members, and =1.0, 2.0, 5.0. Is there a upper limit for the end moment, M BD ?

54

M BD is independent of . MBD 240 kip-ft

55

k AB k BC

EI
k
20

k BD

I E
k
20

M BA modified 3(k) B
M BC modified 3(k) B
M BD modified 3(k) B 3(k)

MBA modified 3(k) B 180

k B 60

M0

joint B

- 3(k) B 3(k) 6(k) B 120 0


MBD modified 3()(-60) 3(k) 240

56

EI 29000(1000) 1

10069.4 k-ft
20
20
(12)2

80 60

20

3.33 in
(80 60)(20)12
L
2.38 in
k
1.81 in

for 1.0
for 2.0
for 5.0

Problem 10.36
Compare the end moments and horizontal displacement at A for the rigid frames shown below.
Check your results for parts (c) and (d) with a computer based analysis. Take E 200 GPa , and
I 120(10)6 mm4 . A=10000 mm2 for all members.

Case (a)

57

Moment diagram kN-m


Case (b)

Moment diagram kN-m

Case (c)

58

Moment diagram kN-m

Case (d)

59

Moment diagram kN-m

60

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