Você está na página 1de 10

contents

18

sealing materials

Hofland spiralwound
gaskets fig. G2004
Hofland spiralwound gaskets consist of a
V-shaped metal strip spirally wound in
combination with a soft, filler material. The
metal strip provides outstanding
recovery, while the flexible filler
guarantees excellent sealing. Due to this
combination of materials the Hofland
spiralwound gasket is suitable for sealing
under severely fluctuating temperature and
pressure conditions. Depending on the
application the spiralwound gasket can be
specified with outer and/or inner rings.

properties
Hofland spiralwound gaskets are suitable for use across a wide gasket
stress range.
Hofland spiralwound gaskets can be used to seal fluid pressures up to
250 bar and from cryogenic temperatures up to elevated temperatures
of 1000C.
Because of its sturdy design the Hofland spiralwound gasket is simple
to install without being damaged (although extra care should be taken
during transportation and installation of large diameter gaskets without
inner or outer guide rings).
The outer guide ring simplifies assembly and prevents blow-out of the
gasket.
By combining different winding materials and metals, the gasket can
be tailored to suit a wide variety of operating conditions.
Because of its non-adhesive properties the gasket is easy to remove
after service.
The gasket does not cause any damage to the flange faces.

contents

19

section 1 | metallic and semi-metallic gaskets spiralwound

technical data
gasket stress range:

The Hofland spiralwound gasket should preferably be mounted within


the following gasket stress range to ensure a leak-proof connection:

Filler

flange surface finish:

Single side confined

Both sides confined

Gasket stress (20C)

Gasket stress (20C)

Min.
[N/mm 2]

Opt.
[N/mm 2]

Max.
[N/mm 2]

Min.
[N/mm2]

Opt.
[N/mm2 ]

Max.
[N/mm2 ]

Graphite
PTFE

50
50

95
80

180
130

50
50

122
110

300
250

Non-asbestos

55

90

150

55

130

300

The recommended surface roughness of the flange faces, between


which a spiralwound gasket is to be mounted, is 3.2 - 6.3 m Ra (125 250 RMS), also referred to as smooth finish.
possible constructions

single side confined

Flange type: Raised Face


SPW type SG.

Flange type: Male/Female


SPW type RFI.

both sides confined

Flange type: Raised Face


SPW type SG IR.

Flange type: Male/Female


SPW type IR.

Flange type: Tongue/Groove


SPW type RF1.

contents

20

sealing materials

standard profiles
Econosto produces the following types of Hofland spiralwound gaskets.

RF1

IR

SG

SG-IR

SG-RTJ

HX-R

HX-RIR

This gasket consists of filler and V-shaped metal strip wound in combination. This profile is usually used in male/female and tongue/groove
flanges.

Identical to RF1, but fitted with an inner ring.

This standard spiralwound gasket type consists of a wound component


fitted with an outer centering ring.

Identical to the SG-type, but fitted with an inner ring.

A standard spiralwound gasket (SG-type) with dimensions tailored for use


with Ring-Type-Joint (RTJ) flanges.

This type of gasket consists of a wound component fitted with a narrow,


wound centering ring. Centering windings ensure correct centering in
flush flanges (e.g. in heat exchangers).

This gasket type is identical to HX-R, but also fitted with an inner ring,
rendering this gasket type suitable for mounting in male and female
flanges.

contents
section 1 | metallic and semi-metallic gaskets spiralwound

21

special profiles
profile with a GT-zone:

In the event of a graphite-filled spiralwound possibly causing an


undesirable reaction between graphite and the medium to be sealed, or
of possible medium contamination, the problem can be solved by using a
spiralwound gasket with a GT-zone.
The spiralwound element of a GT-zone gasket consists of outer windings
of non-asbestos or ceramic material with a central winding zone made of
graphite or PTFE (depending on the operating conditions) to improve
gastightness, see illustration.
This results in a spiralwound gasket with the following properties:
Does not pollute the sealed medium
Excellent gastightness
Combined with the other advantages of a spiralwound gasket, the
spiralwound with GT-zone may be used in a wide range of operating
conditions.

special shapes

type MH

type TC/HH

Spiralwound gaskets can be produced in


a wide variety of shapes, such as oval
and pear-shape, with pass-partition bars
and many other types. Generally, the
pass-partition bars on spiralwound
gaskets are metal-jacketed bars.

This spiralwound gasket is identical to


the RF1 profile but oval shaped to fit
manholes.

This type of gasket is for hand holes and


special flange assemblies (tube cap and
hand hole covers). They are available in
e.g. square, rectangular, oval diamond
and pear shapes.
A drawing specifying the correct dimensions is required to manufacture special
shapes.

For spiralwound gaskets with straight sides (e.g. for gate valve bonnets)
we recommend that an inner ring be used if the length/width ratio > 2.

contents

22

sealing materials

type WL

The gasket is identical to RF1, but fitted


with an outer winding. Centering is
achieved by positioning the winding over
two bolts opposite each other (see
illustration).

type HE

Fitted with pass-partition bars for use on


heat exchangers and vessels, this gasket
type is otherwise identical to the RF1
profile. Metal-jacketed bars generally have
a thinner design than that of spiralwound
gasket components.
The bars are usually fixed through
microplasm welding or silver soldering.
The welding method is chosen depending
on the gasket material.

type HE-SG

Fitted with an outer centering ring, the


HE-SG is otherwise identical to the HE
profile.

type HS/SG-IR

Fitted with an outer centering ring and an


inner ring, the HS/SG-IR is otherwise
identical to the HE profile.

type SP-N2

The SP-N2 is a highly specialized type


of gasket, consisting of a Hofland
camprofile gasket and a Hofland spiralwound gasket separated by a perforated
intermediate ring. The sealing layers on
the camprofile and the filler of the spiralwound gasket are made of identical
material. The perforated intermediate ring
is flushed with inert gas (such as
nitrogen).
This design enables the operator to
measure any leakage, making the gasket
suitable for use in critical applications
where a high degree of gastightness and
operational reliability is required.

In order to manufacture the above gaskets, we require a drawing


specifying the exact dimensions and position of the bars.

contents
section 1 | metallic and semi-metallic gaskets spiralwound

23

profile selection
advantages of the centering ring:

The spiralwound gasket centering ring offers the following advantages:

Optimum gasket positioning between the bolts.


Protection of the sealing element.
Additional security against gasket blow-out.
Acts as a compression limiter preventing overloading and
overcompression of the spiralwound element.
Prevents radial flow of soft fillers, such as PTFE.
For these reasons the use of spiralwound gaskets with outer
centering rings is generally recommended.

advantages of the inner ring:

Gaskets provided with an inner ring offer the following advantages:


Prevents radial flow of soft fillers, such as PTFE.
Reduces turbulence, minimizing flow resistance and crevice corrosion.
Acts as an additional heat shield when the spiralwound gasket is
subjected to high temperatures.
Inner and outer rings are particularly recommended for use on Hofland
spiralwound gaskets exceeding class 600 lbs, but specifically recommended for high temperatures and pressures to optimize reliable sealing
performance.
For special flanges (male-female, tongue and groove, etc.) the type of
spiralwound gasket selected will depend on the flange geometry,
operating conditions and bolt specifications. Econosto specialists will be
pleased to assist you where necessary.

The illustrations on the right


represent standard Hofland
spiralwound gasket shapes for
vessel and heat exchanger
flanges.

contents

24

sealing materials

ring and winding material selection


The material selected for the inner ring
and winding metal is usually SS316L for
both carbon steel and stainless steel
flanges. In other cases, it is normally the
same material as selected for the piping
system, in order to prevent corrosion
problems. In highly corrosive
applications PTFE may be
used for the inner rings.
The outer centering ring is generally
made of carbon steel with an anticorrosion coating; however, the ring
may also be manufactured in the same
metal as the pipe system to prevent
e.g. galvanic corrosion.
Hofland spiralwound gaskets
are available ex stock in
most standard materials.

The table below lists the


materials commonly used.

Material
(trade name)

DIN
Specification

DIN
Material No.

AISI
ASTM

B.S.

Hardness
HB / HV*

UNS
Soft Iron

(1)

Steel (LCS)
Stainless Steel 304
Stainless Steel 304 L
Stainless Steel 309

RSt. 37.2
X5 CrNi 1810
X2CrNi 1911
X15CrNiSi 2012

1.0038
1.4301
1.4306
1.4828

304
304 L
309

Temp.
[C]
Min.

304S15/16/31
304S11
309S24

90 - 100
100
130
130
130

130
180
190
190

Density
[gr/cm 3]
Max.

- 60

500

7.85

- 40
-250
-250
-100

500
550
550
1000

7.85
7.9
7.9
7.9

Stainless Steel 316 L (2)

X2CrNiMo 1713

1.4404

316L

316S11/13

130 - 190

-100

550

7.9

Stainless Steel 316 Ti


Stainless Steel 321
Stainless Steel 347
Aluminium

X6CrNiMoTi 1712
X6CrNiTi 1810
X6CrNiNb 1810
Al 99,5

1.4571
1.4541
1.4550
3.0255

316Ti
321
347

320S31
321S12/49/87
347S31
-

130
130
130
20

- 190
- 190
- 190
- 23

-100
-250
-250
-250

550
550
550
300

7.8
7.9
7.9
2.73

Silver

-250

750

10.5

Copper
Nickel 200
Monel 400
Inconel 600

Ni 99,2
NiCu 30 Fe
NiCr 15 Fe

2.0090
2.4066
2.4360
2.4816

N02200
N04400
N06600

3072-76 NA11
3072-76 NA13
3072-76 NA14

50
90
110
120

- 80
- 120
- 150
- 180

-250
-250
-125
-100

400
600
600
950

8.9
8.9
8.8
8.4

Incoloy 800

X10NiCrAITi 3220

1.4876

N08800

3072-76 NA15

140 - 220

-100

850

8.0

NiCr 21 Mo
NiMo 28
NiMo16Cr15W
Ti 99,8

2.4858
2.4617
2.4819
3.7025

N08825
N10665
N10276
-

3072-76 NA16
-

120
170
170
110

-100
-200
-200
-250

450
450
450
350

8.14
9.2
8.9
4.5

Incoloy 825

Hastelloy B2
Hastelloy C276
Titanium

(1)

Generally used for the centering ring

(2)

Generally used for metal gasket components that require non-corroding material

28*

180
230
230
140

contents
section 1 | metallic and semi-metallic gaskets spiralwound

25

filler selection
filler material:

The table below may be used to select the correct filler. It should be
pointed out that graphite will be the optimum filler in most cases. Only
where graphite could cause media pollution, or is not chemically resistant, should the use of another type of filler material be recommended. In
such cases, an alternative solution might be to use a gasket with GT-zone.
See page 21.

Material

graphite:

Ceramica :

Gastightness

Application

-200
-200

550
250

250
100

Good
Good

Agressive media
Agressive media

Non-asbestos

Ceramica

-100
-200

250
1100

100
100

Good
Poor

Liquids & Gases


Very high temperatures

Graphite is a universally applicable, high-quality, non-asbestos material


with the following properties:
Very good chemical resistance
Resistant to high (fluctuating) temperatures and pressures
Resistant to ageing
Excellent gastightness

PTFE (Teflon) is a high quality synthetic material with the following


properties:

non-asbestos:

Max. Operating
Pressure [Bar]

Graphite
PTFE

PTFE:

Temperature [C]
Min.
Max.

Excellent
Resistant
Resistant
Excellent

chemical resistance
to temperatures up to 250C
to ageing
gastightness

Non-asbestos is a non-asbestos sealing material consisting of synthetic


fibre, with nitrile rubberbinder and mineral fillers.
Ceramica is an aluminium silicate suitable for applications at high
operating temperatures. The material is characterized by poor
gastightness and is therefore frequently used in combination with
graphite.
See spiralwound gasket with GT-zone.

contents

26

sealing materials

gasket thickness
gasket thickness before
and after fitting

Depending on the
diameter, the spiralwound gasket is
available in a variety
of thicknesses. The
table below specifies
the thicknesses and
the recommended
optimum thickness
after fitting.

t1
[mm]

bm ax
[mm]

t2
[mm]

thickness after assembling


[mm]

7.2

100

3600

33

5.3

5.6

6.4

200
1601

1600
3000

30
28

4.7

4.9

3.2(1)

3.2

3.4

2.3

2.5

1.5

1.8

2.0

4.5

(1)

d
[mm]

16

630

35

631
1601

1600
3000

30
25

3.2

16
631

630
1500

25
20

2.5

10

200

Standard spiralwound gasket. In case materials other than carbon steel are used:
thickness 3 mm.

selection of gasket thickness:

The spiralwound gasket is usually produced with a thickness of 4.5 mm.


However, in some cases a different thickness may be selected to obtain
effective sealing.
The table below specifies gasket thickness for certain applications.

Gasket thichness
[mm]

Flange size
[mm]

6.4

Nominal pipe sizes from 1001 - 3000


Machine flanges from 801 - 3000

4.5

Nominal pipe sizes up to 1000


Machine flanges up to 800

3.2

Valve bonnets

2.5

Nominal pipe sizes up to 100

contents
section 1 | metallic and semi-metallic gaskets spiralwound

27

production tolerances
The table below
specifies the
production tolerances
for Hofland spiralwound gaskets.

production tolerances

SPW1

ASME B16.20

DIN

ASME/ANSI B16.5

d1

15 - 80
100 - 600
650 - 1500

/2 " - 3"
4" - 24"
-

d2

15 - 200
250 - 600
650 - 850

15 - 200
250 - 600
-

ASME B16.47 series B

BS 1560

[mm]

26" - 60"

26" - 60"

1
/2 " - 3"
4" - 24"
-

+
+

0.8
1.5
0.8
1.5
3.0

/2" - 8"
10" - 24"
-

26" - 34"

26" - 34"

1
/2" - 8"
10" - 24"
-

+
+

0.4
0.8
0.4
1.5
0.8

36" - 60"

36" - 60"

1.3

/2" - 8"
10" - 24"
-

1
/2" - 8"
10" - 24"

0.8
+ 1.5 - 0.8
- 0.8
- 1.5

26" - 60"

26" - 60"

1.5

/2" - 24"
-

0.8
0.8

650 - 1500
d4

15 - 600
650 - 1500

Tolerance

ASME B16.47 series A

900 - 1500
d3

BS 3381

/2" - 24"
-

26" - 60"

26" - 60"