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# Catalyst: Answer the following questions silently in your

## binder. Raise your hand if you have a question.

74 years ago, two Oompa Loompas fell in love and had a baby boy. They named him
Mister. In Oompa Loompas, orange hands (H) are dominant to pale hands (h). Mama
Oompa and Papa Oompa are both heterozygous.
1. Draw a Punnett square to show all possible offspring.
2. Underline any homozygous dominant offspring. What
percent will be homozygous dominant?
3. Circle any homozygous recessive offspring. What percent
will be homozygous recessive?
4. Put a triangle around any heterozygous offspring. What
percent will be heterozygous?
5. What is the chance that Mister was born with orange
hands?

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## Genetics Unit Overview

Vocab. and Simple
Punnett Squares

Dihybrid Cross
Punnett Squares

## I understand how genetics can make major changes

(positive and negative) in our world. I will use my
knowledge to advocate for myself and others!

FOCUS
I can demonstrate college readiness by:

## 3b.1 I can apply Mendels laws of segregation and

independent assortment to complete monohybrid and
dihybrid crosses.

## First - a little more practice with one trait

1. Can two people with straight hairlines have a child with a
2. Can two people with widows peaks have a child with a
straight hairline? Show a Punnett square to support your
3. What are the two possible genotypes for somebody who can
roll his/her tongue?
4. What is the phenotype of somebody who is homozygous
recessive for the thumb gene?

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## Lets use what we know...again

Back in Oompa Loompa land, it is very helpful
to be able to roll your tongue into a straw to
drink from the chocolate rivers. It is considered
very attractive to have orange hands. What is
the chance of a pale-handed, non-rolling mother
and a father heterozygous for both traits having
a child who has the dominant phenotype for
both traits?
Show meiosis for each parent to create all
possible gametes and show fertilization. Label
all cells N or 2N.

pale hands (h)

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Punnett Square

Sperm

hr
hr
HR
Hr

hr

hr

hr

## HhRr HhRr HhRr HhRr

Hhrr Hhrr Hhrr Hhrr

hR

hr

## hhrr hhrr hhrr hhrr

Ova
1. Parent genotypes
Mom: hhrr
2. Possible gametes
shown to the left
3. Punnett square
shown to the left

## What 3 principles did Mendel discover?

Law of
segrega+on

Homologous chromosomes
separate - each gamete gets 1 of 2
alleles

Law of
independent
assortment

## Chromosomes travel independently

during meiosis
ex.: A parent has the genotype AaBb.
- independent: any A allele can
combine with any B allele in a
gamete; possible gametes can be AB,
Ab, aB, ab
- not independent: dominant alleles
always stay together; possible
gametes can be AB and ab.

## CFU: Mendels Laws

A pea plant is heterozygous for
seed color and seed shape.
1. What is the genotype of this plant
(write the letters)?
2. What are the gametes that this
plant can produce?
3. How did you demonstrate the
laws of segregation and independent
assortment by showing the possible
gametes?

Leveled Practice
Our goal: accomplish our class vision. You decide what will
1. Practice Packet (page 1 - Everyone. It is homework if
you dont finish.)
2. Genetics Mind Map (level 3)
3. Practice packet (page 2 - level 4. Everyone should try it.
It is not homework if you dont finish).

Exit Slip
1. What is the chance that a Man and a woman who are
heterozygous for tongue rolling and widows peak have a child
who cannot roll his/her tongue and has a straight hairline?
2. Describe how this problem demonstrates the laws of
segregation and independent assortment.

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