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Test 3 material

Topic: dynamic equilibrium

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SI Practice Problems
What does it mean for a reaction to be at equilibrium? What does it not mean?

1.Write the equilibrium expressions for the following equations:


Reaction 1: 2NO(g) + 2H2(g) N2(g) + 2H2O(g)

Reaction 2: CaCO3(s) CaO(s) + CO2 (g)

Reaction 3: Cu(s) + 2Ag+(aq) Cu2+(aq) + 2Ag(s)

H = 8.3*1011Kj

Reaction 4: HCl (aq) + H2O (l) H3o+(aq) + Cl-(aq) H = -350Kj

Reaction 5: H2(g) + I2(g) 2HI(g)

2a For reaction 1, calculate the value of the equilibrium constant (K) if the reaction
has 0.062M NO, 0.012M H2, 0.019M N2 and 0.138M H2O concentrations at
equilibrium. Does the reaction favor the reactants or the products?

2b. What is the equilibrium concentration of hydroiodic acid, HI, if the equilibrium
concentrations of hydrogen and iodine are 0.033M and 0.53M respectively and the
equilibrium constant for the reaction is 50? Use reaction 5.
Does the reaction
favor the reactants or the products?

Test 3 material

Topic: dynamic equilibrium

3-4

2c. Calculate the value of the equilibrium constant (K) for the system shown below,
if 0.1908 moles of CO2, 0.0908 moles of H2, 0.0092 moles of CO, and 0.0092 mole of
H2O vapor were present in a 2.00 L reaction vessel at equilibrium. Does the reaction
favor the reactants or the products?
CO2(g) + H2(g) CO(g) + H2O (g)

3. Calculate Kc for the following reactions:


a. I2(g) 2I(g)

Kp = 6.26 * 10-22 at 25oC

b. CH4(g) + H2O(g) CO(g) + 3H2(g)

Kp = 7.7 * 1024 at 298 K

Calculate Kp for the reaction N2 (g) + O2(g) 2NO(g)

4. Using the reaction CO(g) + 2H2 (g) CH3OH(g)

K = 2.26 * 104

a. find K for CH3OH(g) CO(g) + 2H2(g)

b. Find K for CO(g) + H2 CH3OH(g)

Kc = 4.10 * 10-31 at 298 K

K=?

K=?

Find K for the following reaction: CO2(g) + 3H2(g) CH3OH(g) + H2O


CO(g) + H2O(g) CO2(g) + H2(g)

K = 1.0 * 105

CO(g) + 2H2(g) CH3OH(g)

K = 1.4 * 107

K=?

Test 3 material

Topic: dynamic equilibrium

b. Use the following reactions and their equilibrium constants to predict the
equilibrium constant for the reaction N 2(g) + O2(g) + Br2(g) 2NOBr
NO(g) + 1/2Br2(g) NOBr(g)

Kp = 5.3

2NO(g) N2(g) + O2(g)

Kp = 2.1 * 1030

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K=?

5. Consider the reaction: Fe 3+ (aq) + SCN-(aq) FeSCN2+(aq)


A solution is made containing an initial [FE 3+] of 1.0 * 10-3M and an initial
[SCN-] of 8.0 * 10-4M. At equilibrium, [FeSCN2+] = 1.7 * 10-4M. Calculate the
value of the equilibrium constant (K c)

Consider the reaction SO2Cl2g) SO2(g) + Cl2(g)


A reaction mixture is made containing an initial [SO 2Cl2] of 0.020M. At
equilibrium, [Cl2] = 1.2 * 10-2 M. Calculate the value of the equilibrium
constant (Kc)

Consider the reaction H2(g) + I2(g) 2HI(g)


A reaction mixture in a 3.67 L flask at a certain temperature initially contains
0.763 g H2 and 96.9g I2. At equilibrium, the flask contains 90.4 g HI. Calculate the
equilibrium constant (Kc) for the reaction at this temperature

Test 3 material

Topic: dynamic equilibrium

3-4

Le Chteliers principle

5. If reaction 1 is at equilibrium, what happens if NO is added? What if hydrogen is


removed?

NO added:

H2 removed:

6. If reaction 2 is at equilibrium, what happens if CO 2 is added? What happens if


CaCO3 is added? What happens if CaCO3 is removed?
CO2 added:

CaCO3 added:

CaCO3 removed:

7. If reaction 3 is at equilibrium, what happens if heat is added? What happens if the


temperature is decreased?

Test 3 material

Topic: dynamic equilibrium

3-4

8. If reaction 4 is at equilibrium, what happens if I increase the temperature? Heat is


removed?

9. If reaction 1 is at equilibrium, what happens if I increase the volume? Decrease


the volume? Increase the pressure? Decrease the pressure? What happens if I add
an inert gas?

10. In reaction 5 what happens if I increase the volume? What happens if I add
helium?