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SHEAR REINFORCEMNT

I. MATERIAL PROPERTIES:
Material Specifications:
Yeild Strength of Steel (main bar), fy:

275

MPa

Compressive Stress of Concrete, f'c:

28

MPa

II. SECTION PROPERTIES:


Base Width, b:

300

mm

Height, h:

400

mm

Concrete Cover:

40

mm

of Shear Reinforcement:

10

mm

Number of Legs, n:

Effective Depth, d:

340

LWC Modification Factor, :

mm

Reduction Factor, :

0.75

Cross Section Area of Stirrup:

157.08

mm^2

II. APPLIED FORCES:


Ultimate Shear Force, Vu:

90

kN

Factored Axial Load, Nu:

700

kN

II. CONCRETE SHEAR STRENGTH:


X For members subjected to shear and flexure
For members subjected to axial compression
Vc=

91.755 kN

Stirrups are necerrary


III. SHEAR STRENGTH TO BE PROVIDED BY STIRRUP, Vs:
Vn=

120 kN

Vs=

28.245 kN

IV. SPACING OF STIRRUPS:


s=

170.0 mm

355

to

300

DESIGN OF COLUMN
Name of Structure:
Name of Beam:
C-1

TWO STOREY RESIDENSIAL

I. PROPERTIES
Column Width, y:
200 mm
Column Width, z:
400 mm
Concrete Cover, cc:
40 mm
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db:
Shear Reinforcement Diameter dt:
Compressive Strength of Concrete, f'c:
Yeild Strength of Steel, fy:

BUILDING

16 mm
10 mm
21.0

II. DESIGN FOR MAIN REINFORCEMENT


Designed Axial Load, Pu:
284.00
kN
Designed Moment about z, Mz:
92.25 kN-m
Designed Moment about y, My:
90.25 kN-m
Gross Concrete Area, Ag:
80000
mm2
Strength Reduction Factor, :
0.65
Pu = 0.8(0.85*f'c*(Ag-Ast)+fy/Ast)
Required Area of Steel Reinforcement, Ast:
Number of Main Reinforcement, n:
10 pcs
0.01Ag Actual Ast 0.08Ag
okey!!!
Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
212.5 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
758.63
Ab1 =
Ab2 =
d' =
d =
x =
fs4
fs3
fs2
fs1
P4
P3
P2
P1

250

-3429.31 mm2
(actual Ast:

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
mm2
58.00 mm
342.0 mm
94.7
mm

=(600*(d-c))/c =
=(600*(2x+d'-c))/c =
=(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
=(600*(d'-c))/c =
=
=
=
=

Mpa

275 Mpa

3 *Ab*fs4
2 *Ab*fs3
2 *Ab*fs2
3 *Ab*fs1

=
=
=
=

220.80
-6.4
-233.6
-460.8 MPa
133.18
-2.57
-93.94
-250.32

MPa
MPa
MPa
> fy, use -415 Mpa
kN
kN
kN
kN

("-" means compre

Pn = P4+P3+P2+P1-Cc =
972.27
kN
xe = (P3x1+P2(2x)+P1(3x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*y-d' =
133.61 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
129.90
kN-m

275.6079 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
631.98
kN
Mn =
84.44
kN-m

Depth of Neutral Axis, c:


Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
71.4
mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
509.80
Ab =
d' =
d =
x =

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
142.0 mm
42.0
mm

fs3 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs2 =(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P3 =
P2 =
P1 =

84

414.2857 MPa >fy, use 415 Mpa


114.3 MPa
-185.7 MPa

3 *Ab*fs3 =
2 *Ab*fs2 =
3 *Ab*fs1 =

250.32
45.96
-112.02

Pn = P3+P2+P1-Cc =
325.54
xe = (P2(x)+P1(2x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*z-d' =
147.44 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
48.00
kN-m

kN
kN
kN

kN
189.4433

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
= 0.69803
Pn =
227.23
kN
Mn =
33.50
kN-m

V. DESIGN FOR SHEAR REINFORCEMENT


A. SHEAR REINFORCEMENT PARALLEL
400
mm
Width, b:
Effective Depth, d:
Reduction Factor, :
LWC Modification Factor, :
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc

TO "X" DIRECTION
142
0.75

mm

1.00
= 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*b*d
Vc =
55.47 kN

Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:


Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,

90.00

a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required


Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
71
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)b) =
380
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35b) =
309
mm
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vu > Vc, stirrups are necessary

90.00

Shear Strength to be Provided, Vs = Vu/ - Vc


Vs= 64.53028 kN
Vs 0.66*(f'c)*b*d (limiting Vs)
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
Spacing, s = (Avf'yd)/Vs =

95

Maximum Spacing:
when Vs
0.33*(f'c)*b*d, smax =
>
smax =
71
mm

use

okey!!!
157.08 mm2

mm
d/2 or 600 mm

2
legs
### mm diameter shear reinforcement,
8@100mm, 3@150mm, rest @250mm

see NSCP 2010 (Section 409.4.2.2)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 410.4.6.2)

2011

mm2)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 410.10.1)

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

("-" means compression)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

kN

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.2.1)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.7.9

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.7.2)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

DESIGN OF COLUMN
Name of Structure:
Name of Beam:
C-1

TWO STOREY RESIDENSIAL

I. PROPERTIES
Column Width, x:
200 mm
Column Width, y:
400 mm
Concrete Cover, cc:
40 mm
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db:
Shear Reinforcement Diameter dt:
Compressive Strength of Concrete, f'c:
Yeild Strength of Steel, fy:
II. DESIGN FOR MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Designed Axial Load, Pu:
Designed Moment about z, Mz:
Designed Moment about y, My:

Ab =
d' =
d =
x =
fs4
fs3
fs2
fs1
P4
P3
P2
P1

21.0

Mpa

275 Mpa

kN
92.25
90.25

250

kN-m
kN-m

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
342.0 mm
94.7
mm

=(600*(d-c))/c =
=(600*(2x+d'-c))/c =
=(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
=(600*(d'-c))/c =
=
=
=
=

16 mm
10 mm

284.00

Depth of Neutral Axis, c:


Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
212.5 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
758.63

BUILDING

3 *Ab*fs4
2 *Ab*fs3
2 *Ab*fs2
3 *Ab*fs1

=
=
=
=

220.80
-6.4
-233.6
-460.8 MPa
133.18
-2.57
-93.94
-250.32

MPa
MPa
MPa
> fy, use -415 Mpa
kN
kN
kN
kN

("-" means compre

Pn = P4+P3+P2+P1-Cc =
972.27
kN
xe = (P3x1+P2(2x)+P1(3x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*y-d' =
133.61 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
129.90
kN-m

275.6079 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
631.98
kN
Mn =
84.44
kN-m

Depth of Neutral Axis, c:


Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
71.4
mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
509.80
Ab =
d' =
d =
x =

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
142.0 mm
42.0
mm

fs3 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs2 =(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P3 =
P2 =
P1 =

84

414.2857 MPa >fy, use 415 Mpa


114.3 MPa
-185.7 MPa

3 *Ab*fs3 =
2 *Ab*fs2 =
3 *Ab*fs1 =

250.32
45.96
-112.02

Pn = P3+P2+P1-Cc =
325.54
xe = (P2(x)+P1(2x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*z-d' =
147.44 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
48.00
kN-m

kN
kN
kN

kN
189.4433

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
= 0.69803
Pn =
227.23
kN
Mn =
33.50
kN-m

V. DESIGN FOR SHEAR REINFORCEMENT


A. SHEAR REINFORCEMENT PARALLEL
400
mm
Width, b:
Effective Depth, d:
Reduction Factor, :
LWC Modification Factor, :
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc

TO "X" DIRECTION
142
0.75

mm

1.00
= 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*b*d
Vc =
#REF! kN

Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:


Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,

90.00

a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required


Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
71
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)b) =
380
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35b) =
309
mm
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vu > Vc, stirrups are necessary

90.00

Shear Strength to be Provided, Vs = Vu/ - Vc


Vs=
#REF! kN
Vs 0.66*(f'c)*b*d (limiting Vs)

###

Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
Spacing, s = (Avf'yd)/Vs =

#REF!

Maximum Spacing:
when Vs
### 0.33*(f'c)*b*d, smax =
smax =
#REF! mm

use

157.08 mm2
mm
###

2
legs
### mm diameter shear reinforcement,
8@100mm, 3@150mm, rest @250mm

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

("-" means compression)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

kN

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.2.1)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.7.9

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.7.2)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

DESIGN OF COLUMN
Name of Structure:
Name of Beam:
C-1

TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL

I. PROPERTIES
Column Width, z:
250 mm
Column Width, y:
400 mm
Concrete Cover, cc:
40 mm
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db1:
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db2:
Shear Reinforcement Diameter dt:
Compressive Strength of Concrete, f'c:
Yeild Strength of Steel, fy:
II. DESIGN FOR MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Designed Axial Load, Pu:
Designed Moment about z, Mz:
Designed Moment about y, My:

HOUSE

16 mm
12 mm
10 mm
21.0

448.95

kN
66.59
45.97

kN-m
kN-m

a. Investigation Along y Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
278
mm
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
0.850
a = 1c =
236.3 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
1054.49
kN
Ab1 =
Ab2 =
d' =
d =
x =
fs4
fs3
fs2
fs1
P4
P3
P2
P1

(from PCAcolumn software)

201.0619 mm2
113.0973 mm2
58.00 mm
342.0 mm
94.7
mm

=(600*(d-c))/c =
=(600*(2x+d'-c))/c =
=(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
=(600*(d'-c))/c =
=
=
=
=

Mpa

275 Mpa

*Ab*fs4
*Ab*fs3
*Ab*fs2
*Ab*fs1

=
=
=
=

55.55
-14.97
-61.19
-110.58

138.13
-66.1871
-270.5
-474.8 MPa

MPa
MPa
MPa
> fy, use -275 Mpa

kN
kN
kN
kN

("-" means compre

Pn = P4+P3+P2+P1-Cc =
1185.69
kN
xe = (P3x1+P2(2x)+P1(3x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*y-d' =
94.53 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
112.09
kN-m

236.5342 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 1.716662 okey!!!
770.70
kN
Mn =
Mn/Mz = 1.094 okey!!!
72.86
kN-m

b. Investigation Along z Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
134.3 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
958.90
Ab1 =
Ab2 =
d' =
d =
x =

158

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
113.0973 mm2
58.00 mm
192.0 mm
134.0 mm

fs2 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

129.1139 MPa
-379.7 MPa > fy, use -275 Mpa
81.12
-172.79

kN
kN

Pn = P2+P1-Cc =
1050.56
xe = ((P1*x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*z-d' =
69.00 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
72.48
kN-m

kN
135.9958 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 1.521032 okey!!!
682.87
kN
Mn =
Mn/My = 1.025 okey!!!
47.11
kN-m
V. DESIGN FOR SHEAR REINFORCEMENT
a. Shear Reinforcement Along y Direction:
250
mm
Width, z:
Gross Area, Ag:
100000
mm2
Effective Depth, d:
342
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
329.41
kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
82.28 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
171
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
608
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
494
mm

38.25

b. Shear Reinforcement Along z Direction:


Width, z:
400
mm
Gross Area, Ag:
mm2
100000
Effective Depth, d:
192
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
373.05
kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
75.77 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
96
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
380
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
309
mm
use

2
legs
10 mm diameter shear reinforcement,
spacing: 10 @ 100mm, rest @ 170 mm O.C.

37.28

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

("-" means compression)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

DESIGN OF COLUMN
Name of Structure:
Name of Beam:
C-2

TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL

I. PROPERTIES
Column Width, z:
200 mm
Column Width, y:
400 mm
Concrete Cover, cc:
40 mm
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db1:
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db2:
Shear Reinforcement Diameter dt:
Compressive Strength of Concrete, f'c:
Yeild Strength of Steel, fy:
II. DESIGN FOR MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Designed Axial Load, Pu:
Designed Moment about z, Mz:
Designed Moment about y, My:

Ab1 =
Ab2 =
d' =
d =
x =
fs4
fs3
fs2
fs1
P4
P3
P2
P1

21.0

Mpa

275 Mpa
kN
64.00
29.11

250

kN-m
kN-m

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
113.0973 mm2
58.00 mm
342.0 mm
94.7
mm

=(600*(d-c))/c =
=(600*(2x+d'-c))/c =
=(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
=(600*(d'-c))/c =
=
=
=
=

16 mm
12 mm
10 mm

305.76

a. Investigation Along y Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
212.5 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
758.63

HOUSE

*Ab*fs4
*Ab*fs3
*Ab*fs2
*Ab*fs1

=
=
=
=

88.79
-1.45
-52.84
-110.58

220.80
-6.4
-233.6
-460.8 MPa

MPa
MPa
MPa
> fy, use -275 Mpa

kN
kN
kN
kN

("-" means compre

Pn = P4+P3+P2+P1-Cc =
834.71
kN
xe = (P3x1+P2(2x)+P1(3x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*y-d' =
122.04 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
101.86
kN-m

264.0364 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 1.774462 okey!!!
542.56
kN
Mn =
Mn/Mz = 1.035 okey!!!
66.21
kN-m

b. Investigation Along z Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
99.45 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
710.07
Ab1 =
Ab2 =
d' =
d =
x =

117

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
113.0973 mm2
58.00 mm
142.0 mm
84.0
mm

fs2 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

128.2051 MPa
-302.6 MPa > fy, use -275 Mpa
80.55
-172.79

kN
kN

Pn = P2+P1-Cc =
802.31
xe = ((P1*x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*z-d' =
57.76 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
46.34
kN-m

kN
99.75751 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 1.705584 okey!!!
521.50
kN
Mn =
Mn/My = 1.035 okey!!!
30.12
kN-m
V. DESIGN FOR SHEAR REINFORCEMENT
a. Shear Reinforcement Along y Direction:
200
mm
Width, z:
Gross Area, Ag:
80000
mm2
Effective Depth, d:
342
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
255.621 kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
65.45 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
171
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
760
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
617
mm

44.05

b. Shear Reinforcement Along z Direction:


Width, z:
400
mm
Gross Area, Ag:
mm2
80000
Effective Depth, d:
142
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
221.52
kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
53.00 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
71
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
380
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
309
mm
use

2
legs
10 mm diameter shear reinforcement,
spacing: 10 @ 100mm, rest @ 170 mm O.C.

24.90

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

("-" means compression)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

DESIGN OF COLUMN
Name of Structure:
Name of Beam:
C-3

TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL

I. PROPERTIES
Column Width, z:
200 mm
Column Width, y:
400 mm
Concrete Cover, cc:
40 mm
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db1:
Shear Reinforcement Diameter dt:
Compressive Strength of Concrete, f'c:
Yeild Strength of Steel, fy:
II. DESIGN FOR MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Designed Axial Load, Pu:
Designed Moment about z, Mz:
Designed Moment about y, My:

Ab1 =
d' =
d =
x =

16 mm
10 mm
21.0

Mpa

275 Mpa

212.64

a. Investigation Along y Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
108.8 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
388.42

HOUSE

kN
89.09
28.32

128

kN-m
kN-m

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
342.0 mm
142.0 mm

fs3 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs2 =(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P3 = *Ab*fs3 =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

1003.13
MPa >fy, use 275 Mpa
337.5 MPa >fy, use 275 Mpa
-328.1 MPa > fy, use -275 Mpa

165.88
110.58
-165.88

kN
kN
kN

("-" means compre

Pn = P3+P2+P1-Cc =
277.83
xe = (P2*x+P1*2x-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*y-d' =
373.11 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
103.66
kN-m

kN
515.1111 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
the column is tension controlled
Reduction Factor, =
0.90
Pn =
Mn =

250.05
93.30

kN
kN-m

more than 1000 Mpa,

Pn/Pu = 1.175925 okey!!!


Mn/Mz = 1.047 okey!!!

b. Investigation Along z Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
98.6
mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
704.00
Ab1 =
d' =
d =
x =

116

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
142.0 mm
42.0
mm

fs3 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs2 =(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P3 = *Ab*fs3 =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

134.4828 MPa
-82.8 MPa
-300.0 MPa > fy, use -275 Mpa

81.12
-33.28
-165.88

kN
kN
kN

Pn = P3+P2+P1-Cc =
822.04
xe = (P2(x)+P1(2x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*z-d' =
56.04 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
46.07
kN-m

kN
98.03948 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 2.512824 okey!!!
534.33
kN
Mn =
Mn/My = 1.057 okey!!!
29.94
kN-m
V. DESIGN FOR SHEAR REINFORCEMENT
a. Shear Reinforcement Along y Direction:
200
mm
Width, z:
Gross Area, Ag:
80000
mm2
Effective Depth, d:
342
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
128.758 kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
59.41 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vu > Vc, stirrups are necessary
Shear Strength to be Provided, Vs = Vu/ - Vc
Vs= 15.01456 kN
Vs 0.66*(f'c)*b*d (limiting Vs)
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
Spacing, s = (Avf'yd)/Vs =

984
Maximum Spacing:
when Vs
0.33*(f'c)*b*d, smax =
>
smax =
171
mm

55.82

okey!!!
157.08 mm2

mm
d/2 or 600 mm

b. Shear Reinforcement Along z Direction:


Width, z:
400
mm
Gross Area, Ag:
mm2
80000
Effective Depth, d:
142
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
173.41
kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
51.10 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
71
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
380
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
309
mm
use

2
legs
10 mm diameter shear reinforcement,
spacing: 10 @ 100mm, rest @ 170 mm O.C.

22.47

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

("-" means compression)

more than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.2.1)
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.7.9

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.7.2)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

DESIGN OF COLUMN
Name of Structure:
Name of Beam:
C-4

TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL

I. PROPERTIES
Column Width, z:
300 mm
Column Width, y:
300 mm
Concrete Cover, cc:
40 mm
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db1:
Shear Reinforcement Diameter dt:
Compressive Strength of Concrete, f'c:
Yeild Strength of Steel, fy:
II. DESIGN FOR MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Designed Axial Load, Pu:
Designed Moment about z, Mz:
Designed Moment about y, My:

Ab1 =
d' =
d =
x =

16 mm
10 mm
21.0

Mpa

275 Mpa

117.39

a. Investigation Along y Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
167.45 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
896.69

HOUSE

kN
49.52
55.00

197

kN-m
kN-m

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
242.0 mm
92.0
mm

fs3 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs2 =(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P3 = *Ab*fs3 =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

82.67
-57.56
-165.88

137.06
MPa
-143.1 MPa
-423.4 MPa > fy, use -275 Mpa
kN
kN
kN

("-" means compre

Pn = P3+P2+P1-Cc =
1037.46
xe = (P2*x+P1*2x-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*y-d' =
79.32 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
82.29
kN-m

kN
171.323 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 5.744538 okey!!!
674.35
kN
Mn =
Mn/Mz = 1.080 okey!!!
53.49
kN-m

b. Investigation Along z Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
98.6
mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
528.00
Ab1 =
d' =
d =
x =

116

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
242.0 mm
92.0
mm

fs3 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs2 =(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P3 = *Ab*fs3 =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

651.7241 MPa >fy, use 275 Mpa


175.9 MPa
-300.0 MPa > fy, use -275 Mpa

165.88
70.72
-165.88

kN
kN
kN

Pn = P3+P2+P1-Cc =
457.28
xe = (P2(x)+P1(2x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*z-d' =
183.02 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
83.69
kN-m

kN
275.0175 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
= 0.779905
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 3.038066 okey!!!
356.64
kN
Mn =
Mn/My = 1.187 okey!!!
65.27
kN-m
V. DESIGN FOR SHEAR REINFORCEMENT
a. Shear Reinforcement Along y Direction:
300
mm
Width, z:
Gross Area, Ag:
90000
mm2
Effective Depth, d:
242
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
111.156 kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
61.55 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
121
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
507
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
411
mm

25.93

b. Shear Reinforcement Along z Direction:


Width, z:
300
mm
Gross Area, Ag:
mm2
90000
Effective Depth, d:
242
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
117.175 kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
61.82 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
121
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
507
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
411
mm
use

2
legs
10 mm diameter shear reinforcement,
spacing: 10 @ 100mm, rest @ 150 mm O.C.

39.20

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

("-" means compression)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

DESIGN OF COLUMN
Name of Structure:
Name of Beam:
C-5

TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL

I. PROPERTIES
Column Width, z:
200 mm
Column Width, y:
300 mm
Concrete Cover, cc:
40 mm
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db1:
Shear Reinforcement Diameter dt:
Compressive Strength of Concrete, f'c:
Yeild Strength of Steel, fy:
II. DESIGN FOR MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Designed Axial Load, Pu:
Designed Moment about z, Mz:
Designed Moment about y, My:

Ab1 =
d' =
d =
x =

16 mm
10 mm
21.0

Mpa

275 Mpa

165.03

a. Investigation Along y Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
77.35 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
276.14

HOUSE

kN
49.64
19.38

91

kN-m
kN-m

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
242.0 mm
184.0 mm

fs2 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

995.60
MPa >fy, use 275 Mpa
-217.6 MPa
165.88
-131.24

kN
kN

("-" means compre

Pn = P3+P2+P1-Cc =
241.51
xe = ((P1*x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*y-d' =
240.47 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
58.08
kN-m

kN
332.475 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
= 0.898484
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 1.314848 okey!!!
216.99
kN
Mn =
Mn/Mz = 1.051 okey!!!
52.18
kN-m

b. Investigation Along z Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
98.6
mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
528.00
Ab1 =
d' =
d =
x =

116

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
142.0 mm
42.0
mm

fs3 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs2 =(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P3 = *Ab*fs3 =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

134.4828 MPa
-82.8 MPa
-300.0 MPa > fy, use -275 Mpa

81.12
-33.28
-165.88

kN
kN
kN

Pn = P3+P2+P1-Cc =
646.04
xe = (P2(x)+P1(2x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*z-d' =
57.49 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
37.14
kN-m

kN
99.49411 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 2.544544 okey!!!
419.93
kN
Mn =
Mn/My = 1.246 okey!!!
24.14
kN-m
V. DESIGN FOR SHEAR REINFORCEMENT
a. Shear Reinforcement Along
200
mm
Width, z:
Gross Area, Ag:
Effective Depth, d:
Reduction Factor, :
Axial Load Pv:
70.74
LWC Modification Factor,
Concrete Shear Strength,

y Direction:
60000
mm2
242
mm
0.75
kN
:
1.00
Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
40.88 kN

Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:


Since Vu > Vc, stirrups are necessary
Shear Strength to be Provided, Vs = Vu/ - Vc
Vs= 5.932564 kN
Vs 0.66*(f'c)*b*d (limiting Vs)
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
Spacing, s = (Avf'yd)/Vs =

1762
Maximum Spacing:
when Vs
0.33*(f'c)*b*d, smax =
>
smax =
121
mm

35.11

okey!!!
157.08 mm2

mm
d/2 or 600 mm

b. Shear Reinforcement Along z Direction:


Width, z:
300
mm
Gross Area, Ag:
mm2
60000
Effective Depth, d:
142
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
165.031 kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
39.71 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
71
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
507
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
411
mm
use

2
legs
10 mm diameter shear reinforcement,
spacing: 10 @ 100mm, rest @ 150 mm O.C.

16.24

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

("-" means compression)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.2.1)
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.7.9

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.7.2)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

DESIGN OF COLUMN
Name of Structure:
Name of Beam:
C-6

TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL

I. PROPERTIES
Column Width, z:
200 mm
Column Width, y:
250 mm
Concrete Cover, cc:
40 mm
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db1:
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db2:
Shear Reinforcement Diameter dt:
Compressive Strength of Concrete, f'c:
Yeild Strength of Steel, fy:
II. DESIGN FOR MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Designed Axial Load, Pu:
Designed Moment about z, Mz:
Designed Moment about y, My:

Ab1 =
Ab2 =
d' =
d =
x =

16 mm
12 mm
10 mm
21.0

Mpa

275 Mpa

57.95

a. Investigation Along y Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
132.6 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
473.38

HOUSE

kN
24.28
17.49

156

kN-m
kN-m

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
113.0973 mm2
58.00 mm
192.0 mm
67.0
mm

fs3 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs2 =(600*(x+d'-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P3 = *Ab*fs3 =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

55.68
-26.97
-110.58

138.46
MPa
-119.2 MPa
-376.9 MPa > fy, use -275 Mpa
kN
kN
kN

("-" means compre

Pn = P3+P2+P1-Cc =
555.26
xe = (P2*x+P1*2x-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*y-d' =
70.11 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
38.93
kN-m

kN
137.1065 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 6.228074 okey!!!
360.92
kN
Mn =
Mn/Mz = 1.042 okey!!!
25.30
kN-m

b. Investigation Along z Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
84.15 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
375.52
Ab1 =
Ab2 =
d' =
d =
x =

99

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
113.0973 mm2
58.00 mm
142.0 mm
42.0
mm

fs2 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P3 = *Ab*fs3 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

260.6061 MPa
-248.5 MPa
157.19
-149.88

kN
kN

Pn = P2+P1-Cc =
368.21
xe = ((P1*x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*z-d' =
77.01 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
28.35
kN-m

kN
119.0057 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 4.13003 okey!!!
239.34
kN
Mn =
Mn/My = 1.054 okey!!!
18.43
kN-m
V. DESIGN FOR SHEAR REINFORCEMENT
a. Shear Reinforcement Along
200
mm
Width, z:
Gross Area, Ag:
Effective Depth, d:
Reduction Factor, :
Axial Load Pv:
42.44
LWC Modification Factor,
Concrete Shear Strength,

y Direction:
50000
mm2
192
mm
0.75
kN
:
1.00
Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
31.73 kN

Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:


Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
96
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
760
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
617
mm

15.54

b. Shear Reinforcement Along z Direction:


Width, z:
250
mm
Gross Area, Ag:
mm2
50000
Effective Depth, d:
142
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
46.286
kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
29.48 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
71
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
608
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
494
mm
use

2
legs
10 mm diameter shear reinforcement,
spacing: 10 @ 100mm, rest @ 150 mm O.C.

11.90

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

("-" means compression)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

DESIGN OF COLUMN
Name of Structure:
Name of Beam:
C-7

TWO STOREY RESIDENTIAL

I. PROPERTIES
Column Width, z:
150 mm
Column Width, y:
250 mm
Concrete Cover, cc:
40 mm
Main Reinforcement Diameter, db1:
Shear Reinforcement Diameter dt:
Compressive Strength of Concrete, f'c:
Yeild Strength of Steel, fy:
II. DESIGN FOR MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Designed Axial Load, Pu:
Designed Moment about z, Mz:
Designed Moment about y, My:

Ab1 =
d' =
d =
x =

16 mm
10 mm
21.0

Mpa

275 Mpa

37.99

a. Investigation Along y Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
132.6 mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
355.04

HOUSE

kN
19.99
3.93

156

kN-m
kN-m

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
192.0 mm
134.0 mm

fs2 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

138.46
MPa
-376.9 MPa > fy, use -275 Mpa
110.58
-110.58

kN
kN

("-" means compre

Pn = P3+P2+P1-Cc =
355.04
xe = ((P1*x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*y-d' =
100.44 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
35.66
kN-m

kN
167.4373 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 6.074591 okey!!!
230.77
kN
Mn =
Mn/Mz = 1.159 okey!!!
23.18
kN-m

b. Investigation Along z Direction:


Depth of Neutral Axis, c:
Equivalent Depth Factor, 1:
a = 1c =
98.6
mm
Cc = 0.85*f'c*a*b =
440.00
Ab1 =
d' =
d =
x =

116

mm
0.850

(from PCAcolumn software)

kN

201.0619 mm2
58.00 mm
92.0
mm
34.0
mm

fs2 =(600*(d-c))/c =
fs1 =(600*(d'-c))/c =
P2 = *Ab*fs2 =
P1 = *Ab*fs1 =

-124.138 MPa
-300.0 MPa > fy, use -275 Mpa
-49.92
-110.58

kN
kN

Pn = P2+P1-Cc =
600.51
xe = ((P1*x)-Cc(d-0.5a))/Pn =
e = xe-0.5*z-d' =
20.55 mm
Mn = Pn*e =
12.34
kN-m

kN
37.54831 mm

Ultimate Strength of Column:


Since the maximum tensile stress in steel is
less than 1000 Mpa,
the column is within transition region
Reduction Factor, =
0.65+(0.25*(fs-fy))/(1000-fy)
=
0.65
Pn =
Pn/Pu = 10.27451 okey!!!
390.33
kN
Mn =
Mn/My = 2.041 okey!!!
8.02
kN-m
V. DESIGN FOR SHEAR REINFORCEMENT
a. Shear Reinforcement Along
150
mm
Width, z:
Gross Area, Ag:
Effective Depth, d:
Reduction Factor, :
Axial Load Pv:
23.23
LWC Modification Factor,
Concrete Shear Strength,

y Direction:
37500
mm2
192
mm
0.75
kN
:
1.00
Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
23.43 kN

Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:


Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
96
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
1014
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
823
mm

13.43

b. Shear Reinforcement Along z Direction:


Width, z:
250
mm
Gross Area, Ag:
mm2
37500
Effective Depth, d:
92
mm
Reduction Factor, :
0.75
Axial Load Pv:
17.81
kN
LWC Modification Factor, :
1.00
Concrete Shear Strength, Vc = 0.17*(1+(Pu/(14Ag))**(f'c)*z*d
Vc =
18.53 kN
Shear Force at Section Located at Distance d, Vud:
Since Vud < Vc, but > 0.50Vc,
a minimum area of shear reinforcement is required
Number of Legs, n:
2 pcs
Total Cross Section Area of Stirrup, Av:
157.08 mm2
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups:
smax1 = d/2 =
46
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.62(f'c)z) =
608
mm
smax2 = (Avfy)/(0.35z) =
494
mm
use

2
legs
10 mm diameter shear reinforcement,
spacing: 10 @ 100mm, rest @ 150 mm O.C.

8.80

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

("-" means compression)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

from PCAcolumn software)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

less than 1000 Mpa,


see NSCP 2010 (Section 207.5.8)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.4.1.2)

kN
see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.5)

see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)


see NSCP 2010 (Section 411.6.6.3)