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Chapter 3 Matter
1. Diagram 1 shows pictures of three different states of matter.

( a ) ( i ) Match the pictures in Diagram 1 with their arrangement of particles.

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dicetak.
( ii ) Which picture in Diagram 1 has a fixed shape and a fixed volume ?
______________________________________________________________________________ [ 1 ma
rk ]
( b ) Diagram 1.1 shows pictures of the three states of matter

i ) Labe
l the state
of matter in the spaces provided on Diagram 1.1 by using the following words.

Solid

Liquid

Gas

[3
( ii ) What is the difference between matter P and R ?
..
.

.... [1 mark]
2. Diagram 2 shows pictures of three states of matter.

[Diagram 2]

( a ) On Diagram 2, label the states of matter for each picture using the following
words.

Solid

Liquid

Gas

[3
b ) Based on Pictures 1 , 2 and 3, draw diagrams to show the arrangement of the
particles in each state of matter.
[2 marks]
Picture 1
Picture 2
Picture 3

c ) State one property to differentiate between the states of matter


. [1 mark]
3. Diagram 3.1 shows the arrangement of particles in three different states of
matter.

(a) Name the three states


of matter P, Q and R in Diagram 3.1
P
:
Q
:
R
: [3 marks]
b)

( i ) Give one example for matter P

.[1 mark]
( ii ) Give a reason for your answer in (b ) i
.

....[1 mark]
( c) What is the difference between matter Q and R ?

...
..
[1 mark]

4. Diagram4.1 shows three sets of apparatus P, Q and R used in an experiments to


study the movement of particles in a solid, liquid and gas.
Table 4.1 shows the results of the experiments.

Experime
nt
P
Q
R

Observations

[Diagram 4.1]
Time taken

The whole gel turns purple in colour


2 days
The water turns purple in colour
2 hours
Both gas jars are filled with smoke.
5 minutes
[Table 4.1]
( a ) i. In which experiment does the movement of particles occur the slowest?

... [1 mark]
ii. Arrange the three sets, P, Q and R in the order of the movement
of particles, from the fastest to the
slowest.

[1 mark]
b ) In experiment R, the smoke rises to the top of the gas jar after a fewminutes.
Why do smoke particles move so quickly in air?
....

...[1 mark]
( c) A student realizes that there is a gas leakage in the laboratory.
i. How would he identify that the gas is leaking?

[1 mark]
ii. State two actions that the student needs to take before he reports about the
leakage to his science
teacher?

.[2 mark]

5. Diagram 5.1 shows the densities of three solids J , K , L and two liquids P and Q

( a ) Arrange
and liquids in Diagram 4. 1 in sequence of ascending
order based on their densities.

the solids

( b ) Solids J , K , L and liquids P and Q are placed in a measuring


cylinder . InDiagram 5.2 , label the positions
of the solids and the liquids in the cylinder.

c ) Solids N has density


of 23.2 g cm. State the position of solid N when it is put into the cylinder in Diagram
5.2
.

. [1 mark]
( d ) Using the concept of density, state two examples of application the density
in our daily life.
i.
..
ii.
.....
[2 marks]
6. Diagram 6.1 below shows three objects of various densities placed in the
liquids of various densities.

( a ) Arrange the objects


and liquids in descending
order of density
.

. [1 mark]
(b ) What possible liquids can U and T be?
[2 marks]
R:

...
P:

...
c ) What possible objects can P and R be ?
[2 marks]
P:

...
R: .

..
( d ) State two examples of transportation that uses the principle of density of
matter.
i. .
ii
..
[2 marks]
7. Table 7.1 shows several substances with different densities.
Material

Density (g/cm3)
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Cork
Glass
Gold
Teak wood
Lead
Copper
Polystyrene
Water

0.25
2.6
19
0.85
11.4
8.9
0.02
1.0

a ) Classify the substances based on whether its sinks or float in the water.
Sinks in the water
Floats on the water
1.
1.
2.
2.
3.
3.
4.
( b ) Diagram 7.2 shows an experiment carried out to determine the density of the
cork and the stone.

[Diagram
7.2]
i.

Name the method used

....[1 mark]

ii.

State whether the shape of the stone is regular or irregular

.[1 mark]

( c ) Based on diagram 7.2 ,calculate the volume of the


i.
stone :
Example:
65cm - 45 cm = 20 cm
ii.

cork :
8

[1 mark]
(d)

Given:

Mass of stone
Mass of cork

= 30 gram

= 1.20 gram

Find the density of stone and cork.


Use the following formula

i.

Stone:

[2 marks]
ii.

Cork:

[2 marks]
8. Table 8.1 shows the densities of some substances
Substance
Solid X
2.6
Solid Y
0.95
Liquid P
0.7
Liquid Q
1.0
Table 8.1

Density (g/cm3)

a ) Draw and label the position of the


substances P,Q,X and Y in the gas jar in diagram
8.2 after they have arranged themselves
according to their densities [4 marks]

b ) Diagram 8.3 shows solids P , Q and R in a gas jar containing liquid Y do not
mix.

i. Compare the densities of the substances


Q and X :

P and R :

X and Y :

10

P and X :

[2 marks]
( c ) An object of volume 100 cm has a mass of 260g.
Determine whether the object will sink or float in a liquid of density 13.6g/cm
.

. [1 mark]
9. Diagram 9 shows an experiment carried out to determine the density of a stone,
with a mass of 21 g.

(a) Define the densi


ty of an object
.

... [1 mark]
( d ) Suggest a precaution that must be taken during the experiment
..
.. [1 mark]

10. Diagram 10 shows an experiment to determine the density of sugar solution.

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a ) What is meant by density?


..

... [1 mark]
( b ) Based on the information in Diagram 3, calculate the mass of sugar solution
used.

. [1 mark]
( c ) i. Calculate the density of sugar solution.

[2 marks]

ii. Suggest one way to increase the density of sugar solution.

. [1 mark]
( d ) What happens to an eraser if it is dropped into the beaker ofsugar solution
above?
(Density of eraser = 3.30 g/cm3)

[1 mark]
11. Diagram 11 shows five object U,V,W.X and Y

Observe the
object in
diagram 11.
a) Based on your observation. State the form of matter of any four of objects.
12

U:

..
V:

W:

X:

Y:

[4 marks]
b. Classify the object U, V, W.X and Y into three groups based on form of matter. Name the objects belonging to each group.

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