Você está na página 1de 1

Colgio Municipal

Rui Barbosa

July 02nd 2015

Prof.: Nivaldo Marques

Srie: 3 EM

Aluno (a):_________________________________________________

3006/3007
N.:________

PASSIVE VOICE
Quando falamos a respeito de passive voice (voz passiva), estamos sempre nos referindo a um tipo de construo de
frases, no qual o sujeito sofre a ao do verbo. Se dissermos:

Agatha Christie wrote this book. Voz ativa, pois o sujeito Agatha Christie quem
pratica a ao.
Se dissermos:
This book was written by Agatha Christie. Voz passiva, pois agora Agatha sofre a ao do verbo e no
pratica.
Leslie

washes

Subject

Active Verb

the dishes

every day

Object

Time complement

The dishes

are washed

by Leslie

Subject

Passive Verb

Agent

every day
Time complement

Para transformarmos uma frase em voz passiva, devemos obedecer aos seguintes princpios:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

O objeto da voz ativa passa a ser o sujeito da voz passiva.


O sujeito da voz ativa passa a ser agente da passiva na voz passiva.
O verbo to be usado no mesmo tempo em que o verbo principal se encontra na voz ativa.
O verbo principal assume a forma do particpio passado.
Se o sujeito da ativa for particularizado, determinante, ele ser mantido como agente da passiva.

Exemplo: LESLIE WASHES THE DISHES EVERY DAY.


1. O objeto the dishes ser sujeito da voz passiva; 2. Washes: verbo no presente, portanto, usaremos o to be no presente = are.
3. Wash, washed, usamos a sua forma de particpio passado, washed. 4. O sujeito Leslie particularizado e aparece como
agente da passiva ou substitudo por um pronome oblquo = her. Como agente da passiva, ser sempre precedido pela preposio
by.
Teremos ento: THE DISHES ARE WASHED BY LESLIE EVERY DAY.
Tempo verbal da
Sentena original
Simple Present
Simple Past
Future
Conditional Simple

Forma Passiva
Am/is/are + Particpio Passado
was / were
Will be + Particpio Passado
Would be + Part. Passado

Exemplo
They play poker here
They saw the accident.
We will eat that cake.
We would invite her.

Poker is played here by them.


The accident was seen by them.
That cake will be eaten by us.
She would be invited by us.

Questo I: complete the sentences with the correct form of verb to BE and the past participle form of the verbs
given. Use the apropriated tense.
consider / read / invent keep / steal / paint / wash / wear / build
a) A World Trade Center Memorial _________________________ by New Yorkers in 2014.
b) Jeans _________________________ by millions of teenagers and adults around the world nowdays.
c) My bike _________________________! It was here just a minute ago!
d) The famous painting Mona Lisa _________________________ in the Louvre Museum.
e) New forms of fuel _________________________ in the future.
f) My house _________________________ tomorrow.
g) Most scientists and inventors _________________________ crazy by people in their time.
h) My uniform _________________________ every day because I only have one.
i) Good books _________________________ in our school every week.