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REED 141

HANDOUTS
(Prelim)

LESSON 1:
DIVINE REVELATION
When God Meets us: Gods Kagandahang Loob
I. CONTEXTUALIZATION : EXPERIENCE-GRIP
-Reflection/Sharing: Why do you feel the need to have more
friends, barkada, ka-tropa?
= Points to be emphasized:
a.) By nature we are social beings.
b.) We want to recognize a person and be recognized.
c.) Same is true with God. God through His Kagandahang-Loob took the
initiative to reveal Himself and establish a personal relationship with us that
is: DIVINE REVELATION.
II. CONCEPTUALIZATION: GRAPPLING WITH THE CHRISTIAN MESSAGE
= A. Etymology:
=Comes from the latin verb revelare which means to unveil, to
disclose
= B. As such, revelare answers four (4) questions that help us understand what
Divine Revelation is all about:
a.) HOW? (it is being done)
b.) WHO? (is doing it)
c.) WHAT? (is being revealed)
d.) WHY (it is being revealed)
= C. From these questions we can generally describe Divine Revelation as: the (a)
gradual process by which
(b) God reaches out to us to
(c) reveal Himself and His Will as
(d) to offer His friendship for the fullness of our lives.
= D. This description/definition implies that:
1. God can be known only through :
a. a gradual process of encounters and relationships (thus we
focus on the three major ways God reveals himself: Bible (written
revelation), Creation (natural revelation), and Jesus (personal
revelation)
b. especially through his words and deeds.
2. God communicates / reveals Himself
a. to be known and be recognized; and
b. to know and to recognize.
3. God communicates/ reveals
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a. Himself and His will as the norm of our conduct


b. for the fullness of our lives.
III. CONSCIENTIZATION: CHALLENGES FOR TRANSFORMATION
1. Recognize Gods Kagandahang-loob in our lives.
2. Respond to Gods Kagandahang Loob by becoming open and
submissive to His will.
3. Challenge to know God, love and serve Him and be united with Him.
4. Imitate / conform to Gods offer of His fullness of life and friendship.
IV. CONCRETIZATION: PLAN OF ACTION
-Ask students to share his or her experience/s of Gods Kagandahang Loob.
- Ask them to cite a program of action showing their gratitude to Gods
Kagandahang Loob.
LESSON 2
Revelation (Written) through the BIBLE
I. CONTEXTUALIZATION
HOW MUCH DO YOU KNOW ABOUT THE BIBLE
TEST YOUR BIBLE SKILLS
Can you find the names of 25 books of the Bible in this paragraph? This is a most
remarkable puzzle. Someone found it in the seat pocket on a flight from Los Angeles to
Honolulu, keeping himself occupied for hours. One man from Illinois worked on this while
fishing in his John boat. Roy Clark studied it while playing his banjo. Ellain Victs mentioned
it in her column once. One woman judges the job to be so involving. She brews a cup of tea
to help calm her nerves. There will be some names that are really easy to spot thats a
fact. Some people will soon find themselves in a jam, especially since the book names are
not necessarily capitalized. The truth is, from answers we get, we are forced to admit it
usually takes as minister or scholar to see some of them at the worst. Something in our
genes is responsible for the difficulty we have. Those able to find all of them will hear a
great lamentations from those who have to be shown. One revelation may help. Books like
Timothy and Samuel may occur without their numbers. And punctuation or spaces in the
middle are normal. A chipper attitude will help you compete. Remember, there are 25 books
of the Bible lurking somewhere in this paragraph. Goodluck and have fun.
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2. CONCEPTUALIZATION
1. What is the etymological meaning of the word BIBLE?
From Greek ta biblia: the Bible is a collection of different books
o Also called SCRIPTURE to highlight that the Bible is Gods
Scripted/written revelation (as compared to Sacred Tradition)
2. The Two Major Divisions of the Bible
Old Testament and the New Testament
=Testament means a covenant, an agreement, a promise
The Old Testament contains Gods covenant with the Chosen People (Israel). It is a
promise of salvation. The New Testament contains the fulfillment of this promise in
Jesus Christ (for all). It is a covenant made by God through Jesus for humanity.
3. The Divisions of the Books in the Bible
46 books comprise the Old Testament
Pentateuch
Historical
Wisdom
Prophetic
27 books comprise the New Testament
Gospels
Acts of the Apostles
Pauline letters
Other Epistles
Revelation.
4. The Chronology of the Old Testament (by Matt Slick)
The following chronological list is adapted from The Chronological Bible. Its purpose is
to help you develop an overall understanding of the order of the major people and events of the
Bible. The dates are disputed here and there; but overall, they can give you a reference in time
and order.
The Pre-existent Christ

John 1

From the Creation

Creation
Gen. 1:1
Satan cast out of heaven
Isaiah 14:12-17
Six days of creation
Gen. 1:3-26
Garden of Eden
Gen. 2:8-17
Fall of Adam and Eve
Gen. 3:1-7
to the Flood
Expulsion from Eden
Gen. 3:21-24
Cain kills Abel
Gen. 4
Noah is born
Gen. 5:28-29
The Flood
Gen. 7:10-24
The Tower of Babel
Gen. 11
Abram (Abraham) is born
Gen. 11:27
Job
The Flood
Job 1
Abram becomes Abraham
to the Patriarchs
Genesis 17
Birth of Isaac, then Jacob, then
Genesis 21-30
Joseph
The 10 plagues against Egypt
The Hebrews are freed then
Exodus 7 - 11
pursued
Exodus 12
The Exodus to
Crossing the Red Sea
Exodus 13 - 15
Entering Canaan
Receiving the 10
Exodus 20
1462 - 1422 B.C.
Commandments
Numbers 14
Israel wanders in the desert for
40 years
The conquest and division of
Joshua 6 - 12
Canaan
Canaan to the Reign of King
1200 - 750 B. C.
Israel becomes a world power
Saul
Judges 13
Samson is born
1422 - 1065 B. C.
1 Samuel 9
Saul becomes first King
David and Goliath
1 Samuel 17
David becomes King
2 Samuel 5
The Reign of
David with Bathsheba
2 Samuel 11
King David
Absalom's rebellion
2 Samuel 15-18
1025 - 985 B. C.
David prepares temple
1 Chronicles 22
materials
Solomon becomes King
1 Kings 1
The Reign of
Solomon asks God for wisdom 1 Kings 3
King Solomon
The building of the Temple
1 Kings 6
985 - 945 B. C.
Solomon's downfall
1 Kings 11
The nation of Israel divided into two: Israel to the north and
The Divided Kingdom
Judah to the south. This period was full of kings, who ruled
(Israel and Judah)
each realm. Many of the kings were evil. Other gods were
From Solomon
worshiped occasionally. During this time Elijah has his ministry.
to the Fall of Israel
Hosea preached. Jonah dealt with Nineveh. Rome was
945 - 586 B. C.
founded. The temple was restored.
Both Israel and Judah fall to foreign powers. Micah prophesies. The Fall of Israel
Isaiah is martyred. Jeremiah is born. Daniel is born.
to the Fall of Judah
Zephaniah prophesies. Ezekiel is born. Jeremiah preaches. 721 - 586 B. C.
Ezekiel prophesies as
Ezekiel 33
Israel is taken
Jerusalem falls
Daniel 3
into Captivity
Nebuchadnezzar's image
Daniel 7
586 - 516 B.C.

Daniel's vision of the four


beasts
Daniel's vision of the 70 weeks
Fall of Babylon to Persians
Dedication of the Temple
Deliverance of the Jews
Ezra prepares to return to
Jerusalem
Building of the wall of
Jerusalem
Malachi's Prophecies
Greece is the world power from

Daniel 9
Isaiah 13, Jer. 25
Ezra 6
Esther 8
Ezra 7
Nehemiah 2
Malachi

The Restoration
from Captivity
516 -400 B. C.

331 - 168 B. C.
Rome is the world power from
168 B. C. - 476 A.D.
God does not speak for about
400 years

Time Between
the Testaments
400 B. C. - 5. A.D.

The Summary of the Old Testament Story can be classified into Three-Periods of
Fourteen Generations. Thats why the Old Testament Story is divided into 3 Periods:
2000 BC 1200 BC
1200 BC - 600 BC
600 BC 0 BC

From the Time of the Patriarchs to the Age of the Judges


From the Period of the Kings to the Fall of Jerusalem
From the Period of Exile to Roman Rule

The whole periods manifest the descendants of Jesus, (14 generations=number 14 in


Greek is perfect) where He came from the perfect clans of the Priest, Prophets and Kings (the
three-fold mission of Christ).

5. The 3 Stages Formation of the Gospels and the Formation of the New Testament
Gospels were formed according to three major stages:
1.) 0 BC-30 AD=Event / Life and Mission of Jesus
(Lived Experience of the people of God) the people personally experienced
Gods graciousness and love as well as His salvific action in their lives.
2.) 30 AD-60 AD=Oral Preaching of the Early Christian
Community
such first hand experiences of the early people of with God had been passed
on to the next generations through oral tradition.
In 51 AD Paul start his Preaching and wrote his LETTERS
3.) 60 AD-70 AD=Writing/Editing of the Gospels
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refers to the actual writing of the Word of God, in order that the
next generations of people may know the story of the first people of
God who experienced His salvific action.
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
70 AD-90 AD=Acts of the Apostles were written
-Luke was the author
90 AD-100 AD= Epistles were written
=Revelation was written by John

6. How the BIBLE came and put into writing?


It is written by men
There are different human authors of the different books of the bible written
over a period of time.
These authors recorded how they saw and experienced Gods dealings with
them, personally, and the people, as a community, how they responded to,
remembered and interpreted those experiences.
The bible, therefore, arose as the expression and record of the authors
experience of God and how they interpreted those experiences
Scriptures are, then, never to be separated from the people and the authors
life and history (Tradition) which formed/influenced the context of their writings
Under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit
Inspiration by the Holy Spirit means a special charism/gift of the Bible authors
to be able to see Gods workings in their personal and the peoples
experiences and write them according to what God wants to be written.
Biblical inspiration touches both the proclaimers/authors of the books of the
Bible and the hearers of Gods words.
The Old testament Books and its Divisions
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Pentateuch
Historical
Wisdom
Prophetic
The 39 books of the Old Testament were written over a period of approximately 1,000
years, beginning with Moses (around 1450 B.C.) until the time when the Jewish people
returned to Judah from exile (538-400 B.C.) during the Persian Empire.
i.) The Pentateuch
=Written more than 3,000 years ago
=The word penta-FIVE and teokos-BOOKS means "five vessels,"
"five containers," or "five books.
=Moses author
=These five books form the theological foundation of the Bible.
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
ii.) The Historical Books
=These 12 books record the events of Israel's history, beginning with the book of Joshua
and the nation's entry into the Promised Land until the time of its return from exile some
1,000 years later.
=we relive incredible stories and meet fascinating leaders, prophets, heroes and villains.
Joshua
Judges
Ruth
1 Samuel
2 Samuel
1 Kings
2 Kings
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1 Chronicles
2 Chronicles
Ezra
Nehemiah
Esther
iii.) Wisdom Books
=written from the time of Abraham through the end of the Old Testament
Job
Psalms
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes
Song of Songs
iv.) The Prophetic Books
=address the "classical" period of prophecyduring the later years of the divided kingdoms
of Judah and Israel, throughout the time of exile, and into the years of Israel's return from
exile.
=written from the days of Elijah (874-853 B.C.) until the time of Malachi (400 B.C.).
=consisting Major and Minor Prophets
Major Prophets
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel
Daniel
Minor Prophet
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah

Micah
Jonah
Nahum
Habakkuk

Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi

The New Testament


=the fulfillment and culmination of the Old Testament.
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=tells the story of Christ's coming to earth as a man, his life and ministry, his mission,
message, and miracles, his death, burial, and resurrection, and the promise of his return.
The Books and its Divisions
Gospels
Acts of the Apostles
Pauline Letters
Epistles
Revelation
i.) The Gospels
=means good spell ===the gospels)
the GOODNEWS of SALVATION.
=recount the story of Jesus Christ
= were written between A.D. 55-65 the except John's Gospel, which was
written around A.D. 85-90.
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
ii.) The Book of Acts of the Apostles
=written by Luke, provides a detailed, eyewitness account of the birth and growth of the
early church and the spread of the gospel immediately after the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
=considered a New Testament history book about the early church.

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iii.) Pauline Letters


= Paul wrote the first 13 of these letters, each addressing a specific situation or problem.
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians

I Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews***

iv.) Epistles
=epesteme- means 8 short letters
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John,
2 John
3 John
Jude
v.) The Book of Revelation
="The Revelation of Jesus Christ" or "The Revelation to John.
=author is John, the son of Zebedee, who also wrote the Gospel of John.
around A.D. 90-100.
Contains:
=symbolism and culmination of end times prophecies..
=The hope-filled message of salvation in Jesus Christ
=the promise of blessing for his followers
=God's ultimate victory and supreme power are the prevailing themes of the book.
7. The Seven Deutero-Canonical Books
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=7 Deutero-Canonical Books are included in


the Catholic Bible.
=These books were written before the New Testament times using,
not the Hebrew language but the Greek language.
Tobit
Judith
Wisdom
Sirach
Baruch
1 Maccabees
2 Maccabees
8. Marks of the Catholic Bible
1. Deutero-Canonical =inspired by the HOLY SPIRIT

2. Nihil Obstat =nothing obstructs


3. Imprimatur=this may be printed
Note: PROTESTANTS OMITTED THE 7 DEUTERO-CANONICAL
BOOKS THEY CALLED THEM APOCRYPHAL
The word Apoocryphal comes from
(apocryphal)=meaning, those that were hidden.
9. MAIN PURPOSES OF THE BIBLE
TO INFORM
TO TRANSFORM
SIGNIFICANCE:
1. SHARE: stories of human experiences of
(sin, suffering, holiness, faith, etc)
2. HELP: understand God and His works
3. GUIDE: how to live and act
4. TEACH: about religion (James 1:27)
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Ancient

Greek

5. DESCRIBE: human history as salvation history


III. Conscientization
God is faithful to His promises; He fulfills His promises.
Jesus Christ is Gods promise of salvation.
Gods salvation is for all.
This story of salvation takes place in the context of human
history, over a period of time as recorded and may be read in
the Holy Bible.
Recognize that the Holy Bible is the Written expression of the authors
experience of God in their lives.
See how the Holy Spirit moves and continues to work in me through my daily
experiences in life.
Ask for inspiration by the Holy Spirit as chrism/discerning quality which helps
us to realize and be aware of Gods movements in ones life.
Attempt to write down ones own experiences of Gods movements in ones
life.
IV. Concretization
Students should read one story each from the Old Testament and
New Testament.
Evaluation
The students summary and short backgrounder on the stories they
have read.
ACTIVITY IN REED 141
(Prelim)
NAME
CSE/YR/SEC

DATE

Mt. 5:21-22
Mt. 5:23-24
Mt. 5:27-28
Mt. 5:38-30

Mt. 6:1-2
Mt. 6:14-15
Mt. 6:19-20
Mt. 7:1-3
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Mt. 5.:43-44

Mt. 7:21-23

Text: Mt. 5:21-22


_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________
1.) The passage INFORMS me that
1.1)_________________________
1.2)_________________________
2.) The passage TRANSFORM/CHALLENGES me to
2.1)_________________________
2.2)_________________________

Lesson 3:
REVELATION THROUGH CREATION
I. CONTEXTUALIZATION
A. Do you know of a (Philippine) story that explains the
world/humanity?
God as a clay molder or baker: God as the creator

origin

B. What are some of the causes of the calamities (flush flood,


land slide) that have struck some parts of the country?
Abuse and misuse of the things of our world
II. CONCEPTUALIZATION
A. READ: Wisdom 13:1-9
A.1 Questions for Reflections
1. What kind of people the passage describes?
2. How does the passage describe God?
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of

the

3. What does the passage say about creation


A.2 The passage informs me about:
1. people who are ignorant of God and are
nature worshippers
2. God as the original artisan/creator of the greatness and beauty of the
universe
3.creation as a natural and universal
sign/revelation of God (happening at all times, at
all places, for all peoples)
A.3 Conscientization:
The passage transforms/challenges me to
1. gain more knowledge about God and firmly believe in Gods existence
2. acknowledge and consider the things of this world (and the world itself) as creatures
revealing God as the creator: Source, Foundation and Goal of creation
B. READ: Genesis 1:1-31
B.1 Questions for reflections:
1. How did God create the whole world?
2. What responsibilities God gave to Adam and Eve (humanity)?
= DOMINION over the fish, birds, all living things
= be FERTILE, MULTIPLY and FILL the earth
= take FOOD in plants, trees, fruits, animals, birds, crawling creatures, etc
3. What was Gods evaluation about all the things he had created?
= very GOOD
B.2 Christian Message
The passage informs me about:
1. my responsibilities to Gods creation as its responsible steward
2. Gods love for humanity: he gave the worlds goods or resources for the sustenance of
human existence
3. Gods invitation for me to become his instrument to bring up and defend human life
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4. creations basic goodness


B.3 Conscientization:
The passage transforms/challenges me to
1. safeguard and care for Gods creation
2. uphold and promote equal/fair opportunity of all in enjoying the goods/wealth of the
earth
3. uphold and promote the right to life
4. use the worlds natural resources for the benefit of the majority
C. Read: Gen. 1:26-27
C.1 Questions for reflections:
1. How did God create the human being differently from other creatures?
= in His image/likeness
2. What unique identity God had given to the first human beings?
= male and female
C.2 The passage informs me about
1. human beings created uniquely in the Creators divine
image/likeness;
2. the human beings gender which is either male or female
3. the human identity as Gods image as the fundamental ground of
human dignity and basic equality of all men and women;
C.3 Conscientization:
1. Imitate/conform to Gods identity as Love/Kagandahang-loob;
2. recognize Gods indelible imprint or image in each person;
3. treat everyone with respect and honor (a brother or a sister)
4. promote and protect everyones human dignity and equality;
IV. CONCRETIZATION
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= What should I do now?


LESSON 3:
GODS WILL AND HUMAN FREEDOM THE DISOBEDIENT
I. CONTEXTUALIZATION:
A. Would you consider everything in the world good the way God
saw it in the beginning?
= Not totally: we are living in a troubled world
B. If God is the Creator, is he also the cause of the troubles in the
world?
= NO. It is human sinfulness.
II. CONCEPTUALIZATION: Grappling with the Christian Message
A. READ: Genesis 2:15-16
A.1. Questions for reflection
1. Where did God put man after God had created him?
= Garden of Eden/Paradise: the place of TOTAL WELL-BEING
2. What did God give to the man?
= eat anything, except the forbidden fruit: RESPONSIBLE
(LIMITED) FREEDOM
B. READ: Genesis 3:1-19
B.1. Questions for reflection
3. Who had influenced Adam-Eve to eat the forbidden fruit?
= SERPENT: convinced them that God is lying
4. How did the serpent convince them to eat the forbidden fruit?
= TEMPTATION: to become like God, know what is good and bad
5. Where were they when God searched for them?
= HIDING: afraid because they were NAKED (symbol of
shame/guilt before God)
6. What did they do when God asked them if they had eaten the
forbidden fruit?
= BLAMING: pointing the guilt to someone else
7. What did God do to them because of their disobedience?
= EXPELLED out of paradise (symbol of separation from God as
a result of sin)
8. What God had said to the serpent and the woman?
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= ENMITY: womans child crushing the head of the serpents


offspring
C. Christian Message: the passage informs me about:
1. the original situation God intended for us is total well-being
(kaginhawahan)
2. freedom as Gods gift to me: not a license to do anything I
want but a responsibility to do what is good by following
Gods will
3. the prohibition symbolizes Gods will as the standard of
morality
4. temptation as an invitation to go against God (SIN)
5. pride as the root of sin: the inner drive to become the
master/god of ones life
6. real/authentic guilt as shame before God than before others
7. blaming over sincere acceptance of ones shortcomings is a
common attitude to sin
8. separation from God is the ultimate consequence of sin
9. Gods promise of salvation through a savior/redeemer
III. CONSCIENTIZATION: Challenge-Grip
* The Christian message transforms/challenges me to
1. promote peoples well-being in all situation
2. follow and conform to Gods will in every decision-making
3. attentive to temptations that come in appealing package
4. check every decision not to be based on selfish interests
(PRIDE)
5. accept humbly ones mistakes/shortcomings
6. accept Jesus as the promised savior
IV. CONCRETIZATION: Program of Action* What should I do now?
LESSON 4
GODS INTERVENTION IN HISTORY-FROM SLAVERY TO FREEDOM
I. CONTEXTUALIZATION: Experience-Grip
* What is your natural reaction whenever you see people who are in great need and in
miserable condition?
= AWA: but oftentimes at the emotional level only,
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lacking in ACTION (GAWA)


= MALASAKIT: awa translated/expressed into
concrete action of loving concern
II. CONCEPTUALIZATION: Grappling with the Christian
Message
A. READ: Exodus 3: 1-19
A.1. Questions for reflection
1. What was the unusual INCIDENT Moses
encountered in the mountain?
= Burning Bush: God calling him from within
2. What was the MESSAGE of God to Moses?
= God have SEEN the MISERY of his people in
Egypt
= God have HEARD their CRY
= God is CONCERNED about their SUFFERING
= God has COME to RESCUE them
= God will bring them OUT of the land of
SLAVERY to a land of PROSPERITY
3. What was the TASK that God gave to
Moses?
= Go to Egypt and lead the Hebrews (means
slaves) to freedom
B. READ: Leviticus 18:1-5
B.1 Questions for reflection
4. What God had commanded the Israelites to
OBSERVE?
= A. Not to follow the ways/customs of the
Egyptians where they came and the
ways/customs of the Canaanites where
they are going
= B. Carryout Gods decrees and statutes
(GODS WILL)
5. What was the promised REWARD to those
who follow Gods will?
= find LIFE!
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C. Christian Message: the passages inform me


about
1. God is INVOLVED in our personal and societal
lives
2. God is a WITNESS and is CONCERNED with our
sufferings
3. God LISTENS and ANSWERS our prayers
4. Oppressors can not escape Gods JUSTICE
5. In his own time, God will come to our rescue when
we are in trouble
6. God is a LIBERATOR, in SOLIDARITY with the
oppressed
7. God will CHOOSE persons to a special task to
achieve his plans for us
8. Our LOYALTY/ALLEGIANCE must be to God
before anyone else
9. Only in God we can find LIFE; with out him, we
have death
III. CONSCIENTIZATION: Challenge-Grip
The Christian message challenges/transforms me to be
1. attentive to Gods presence in my life: both in good
times and bad times
2. trust in Gods providence and be humble to call him
in times of need
3. a willing instrument to fight/end any form of
oppression and slavery
4. in solidarity with the suffering people, the
oppressed, least privilege
5. faithful to God before anyone else to have the
fullness of life
IV. CONCRETIZATON: Program of Action
* What should I do now?
Lesson 5
GODS CALL TO HOLINESS JUSTICE and RIGHTEOUSNESS
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I. CONTEXTUALIZATION: EXPERIENCE GRIP


A. Recall a SITUATION in your life that you were HURT by someones
wrong doings. What made you FEEL that way?
= BETRAYED, ABUSED, etc
B. What do you want to HAPPEN to the person who had hurt you?
= be SORRY; change for the BETTER; not to do again what had been
done, etc
II. CONCEPTUALIZATION:
A. READ: HOSEA 4:1-3
* Questions for reflection:
1. What are the CRIMES of Israel against God?
a) no fidelity
b) no mercy
c) no knowledge of God
d) lying
e) murder
f) stealing
g) adultery
h) lawlessness and bloodshed
2. What is the EFFECT of these crimes?
= mourning / languishing: SUFFERING
* CHRISTIAN MESSAGE:
= SINFULLNESS CAUSES SUFFERING
B. READ: AMOS 5: 21-24
* Questions for reflection
1. What the Israelites were doing that God HATED/REJECTED?
= a. feast; b. solemnities; c. offerings; d. songs/melodies
= RITUAL-WORSHIP that is EMPTY of its real content
2. What kind of WORSHIP-OFFERING is it that is ACCEPTABLE to
God?
= JUSTICE that surges like water, and RIGHTEOUSNESS that
unfailingly flows like a stream
* CHRISTIAN MESSAGE:
a) Worship is directly connected with our DAILY LIVING
b) Worship of God will be EMPTY/WORTHLESS without LIVING
JUSTLY and RIGHTEOUSLY
c) Our life must be lived as a LIVING OFFERING/SACRIFICE to
God
d) HOLINESS is LIVING LIFE MORALLY UPRIGHT
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C. READ: JOEL 2:13-14


* Questions for reflection:
1. What God is reminding us as to WHO He is?
= a. gracious and merciful;
b. slow to anger;
c. rich in kindness;
d. relenting in punishment
* CHRISTIAN MESSAGE:
= God is a FORGIVING God, because He is LOVE
2. What God is CHALLENGING us sinners to consider?
a) RETURN to Him with WHOLE heart: with fasting, mourning,
weeping
b) REND our HEARTS, not our garments
* CHRISTIAN MESSAGE:
a) God is calling us to be RECONCILED with Him
b) We can return/reconcile ourselves to God only if we have a
CONCRITE HEART: sorrowful over our unfaithfulness/sinfulness
III. CONSCIENTIZATION: the Christian Message
CHALLENGES/TRANSFORMS me to
1. Confront my sinfulness without excuses and blaming
2. Consider the suffering I brought to people I have done wrong by being
truly sorry and ready to make reparation
3. Respond positively to Gods call to holiness by living morally upright
(justly
and righteously) as my daily offering/worship to God
IV. CONCRETIZATION

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