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1) Sociologists define culture as:

a. a state of refinement
b. the plastic and graphics arts
c. activities such as TV sitcoms, soap operas or
rock music
d. the totality of meanings, values, customs, norms,
ideas and symbols relative to a society
e. none of the above
2) Which statement about culture does sociologist hold?
a. people living in urban areas are highly cultured
b. the Negritoes in Central Luzon are uncultured
c. all societies have culture
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
3) The idea held by the Negritoes about nature spirits
helping them is an example of:
a. norms
d. sanction
b. belief
e. all of these
c. perception
4) The strongly held norms considered essential to the
welfare of the people and their cherished values are
called:
a. folkways
d. laws
b. belief
e. all of these
c. mores
5) When norms are formalized a governing body, they
become a. folkways
d. laws
b. belief
e. none of these
c. mores
6) The socially imposed rewards and punishments to
ensure the conformity of the members of society to its
norms are called a. laws
d. sanctions
b. folkways
e. all of these
c. mores
7) Which of the following is apart of our folkways?
a. the pamanhikan
d. all of these
b. superstitious
e. none of these
c. the ten commandments
8) The feeling of unpleasantness or disorientation when
one goes to an unfamiliar setting is:
a. culture strip
d. cultural imagination
b. skeptical receptivity e. none of these
c. culture shock
9) When one group blends and takes on
characteristics of another culture, there is ____.
a. Acculturation
d. assimilation
b. Accommodation
e. none of these
c. adaption

the

10) The sharing for the dignity of others and being with
them is:
a. Pakikisalamuha
d. pakikitungo
b. Pakikiisa
e. none of these
c. pakikipagkapwa

11) The obligation to repay a person for whom one has


received a favor with undefined quantification is ___.
a. Pakikisama
d. utang na loob
b. kusang loob
e. none of these
c. magandang loob
12) The occurrence of graft and corruption, nepotism and
favoritism in the Philippines if often attributed to the
value of:
a. Personalism
d. hospitality
b. Impersonalism
e. none of these
c. utang na loob
13) The raw materials from which personality is fashioned
refers to:
a. genetic personalities
b. biological inheritance
c. geographical environment
d. socio-cultural environment
e. all of these
14) The basic idea off personality held by the symbolic
interactionism is that personality is the result of the
interaction.
a. heredity and environment
b. individuals mediated by symbols or language
c. the individuals and his culture
d. all of these
e. none of these
15) The process by which a child learns to conform to the
norms of the group acquires a status, plays the
corresponding role and emerges with a social self is
a. education
d. socialization
b. enculturation
e. none of these
c. presentation of self
16) Which statement best characterizes the socialization
process?
a. the first five years of childs life is crucial in
personality formation
b. socialization is a continuous life-long process
c. culture makes its deep influence during early
childhood
d. the church play a crucial role in the socialization
process
e. none of these
17) According to Cooley, the ability of children to visualize
themselves through the eyes of others and imagine how
they appear to others is called
a. personality
d. superego
b. looking glass self
e. none of these
c. presentation of self
18) Responding to a number of individuals in the group and
integrating the various rules or set of norms of the group
takes place in what is called the period of the
a. looking glass self
b. reference groups
c. generalized others
d. development of the social self
e. all of these
19) Which of the following serves as the role model and
source of values and attitudes for the young?

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a. school group
b. church group
c. peer group

d. mass media
e. none of these

a. social ranking
b. social stratification
c. bureaucracy

d. segmentation
e. none of these

20) Statuses which are fixed at birth by biological


characteristics over which the individuals has little
control are
a. ascribed
d. attained
b. assigned
e. none of these
c. achieved

30) The social standing of a person or group within a social


class or the whole stratification system is called
a. status
d. social rank

21) Becoming a doctor is an example of


a. ascribed
d. attained
b. assigned
e. none of these
c. achieved

31) When we say Cebuanos are thrifty and industrious, and


Bicolanos are friendly people, we are making use
a. stereotypes
d. prejudice
b. ethnocentrism
e. none of these
c. Epithets

22) The basic element of social structure in Philippine


society is the
a. friendship group
d. rural community
b. family
e. all of these
c. school
23) The totality of social organization and the complex
network of interconnected, interdependent and
overlapping social relationships refers to
a. social groups
c. bureaucracy
b. society
d. state
e. none of these
24) In the Philippines, the adoption or borrowing of the
culture patterns and values of the Chinese by the
Filipinos and vice-versa is
a. accommodation
c. bureaucracy
b. society
d. reciprocity
e. none of these
25) The family where one is born, reared and socialized is
a. family orientation
d. egalitarian family
b. family of procreation
c. nuclear family

e. none of these

26) The type of residence which permits the newly married


couple to reside independently of the parents of the
bride and the groom is
a. patrilocal
d. neolocal residence
b. matrilocal
e. none of these
c. bilocal
27) Among the Muslims, the most common type of family is

a. nuclear
d. avunculocal family
b. joint
e. none of these
c. neolocal
28) The function of religion in all culture is
a. to provide guidance to behavior
b. perform welfare function
c. discover a road to spiritual serenity
d. perform recreation function
e. all of these
29) The hierarchical arrangement and establishment of
social categories that may evolve into social groups
together with statuses and their corresponding roles
refer to:

b. role
c. social exchange

e. none of these

32) The improvement in the quality of life, ensuring


adequate level of nutrition and suitable characteristics of
economically and politically stable societies of the West
is
a. modernization
d.
progress
b. development
c. globalization

e. none of these

33) The movement of a person or group of persons to


another place more or less for permanent residence is
a. migration
d. ecological movement
b. population growth
e. none of these
c. population change
34) The complex whole which includes knowledge, belief,
art, morals, laws, customs, and any other capabilities
and habits acquired by men as a member of society is
a. religion
d. culture
b. ethnocentrism
e. none of these
c. idiosyncrasy
35) The anthropologist who discovered the tabon cave in
Palawan was
a. Jaime Bulatao
d. Frank Lynch
b. Linda Jocano
e. Francisco Rodrigo
c. Robert Fox
36) The kinship group consisting of parents and children is
the
a. nuclear
d. households
b. stem
e. none of these
c. extended
37) ____ is the material wealth given to the bride and her
family before marriage.
a. bride wealth
d. fetish
b. fosterage
e. all of these
c. dowry
38) Polygamy is practiced by the
a. Muslims of southern Philippines
b. Kalingas
d. Negritos
c. Bontocs
e. Cebuanos
39) ___ describes the blurring and breakdown of
established rules, standards, categories, distinctions
and boundaries.
a. naturalization
d. westernization

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b. postmodern
c. urbanization

e. none of these

40) ___ are considered as societys standards of morality,


propriety, ethics and legality.
a. folkways
d. habits
b. values
e. all of these
c. norm
41) ___ is the family in which a person is raised and born.
a. family of procreation
d. joint family
b. family of orientation
e. family size
c. extended family
42) ___ was Frank Lynchs contribution to the study of
Filipino values. It connotes the facility of getting along
with others so as to avoid outward signs of conflicts,
even under difficult circumstances.
a. smooth interpersonal relationship
b. reciprocity
d. utang na loob
c. amor propio
e. all of these
43) ___ is a Filipino value and defined as benign taken by
ones fellowmen for what one is or believes he is and
treated in accordance with his status, not rejected or
improperly criticized.
a. social acceptance d. bayanihan
b. pakikipagkapwa
e. none of these
c. amor propio
44) Countless popular songs tell us that for every person
there is one true love. This is an example of
a. real culture
d. patterned evasion
b. ideal culture
e. all of these
c. subculture
45) Which of the following is a value?
a. students should not throw spitballs during
classes
b. students who cheat on examinations should be
suspended
c. all young people have a right to an education
d. college professors should not data their
students
e. all of the above
46) A rule about putting your napkins in your lap before you
start eating is an example of
a. mores
d. laws
b. ethnocentrism
e. none of these
c. folkway
47) By taking the role of the other, George Herbert Mead
meant
a. practicing the new role before actually taking
on that role
b. seeing an image of oneself reflected in other
peoples eyes
c. learning to play a game such as baseball by
the rules
d. learning to see things from another persons
point of view.
e. all of these
48) One of the primary differences between peers and
parents as agents of socialization is that

a. peers engage in open conflict


b. peers relations are egalitarian
c. peers and parents have different confliction
values
d. peer are more fun
e. all of these
49) Freuds term for the part of the personality that operates
on the pleasure level, seeking immediate gratification, is
the
a. Id
d. libido
b. Superego
e. drive
c. ego
50) Which of the following theories saw socialization as a
confrontation between the individual and society?
a. Sigmund Freud
d. Charles Horton Cooley
b. Erik Erikson
e. John Locke
c. George Herbert Mead
51) Young children play at being mothers and fathers,
cops and robbers, Hollywood stars and sports heroes.
All of these are examples of role playing illustrate
a. the generalized other
b. learning to play the game
c. anticipatory socialization
d. id impulses
e. none of these
52) Which of the following is an example of an achieved
status?
a. Wife
d. being born male
b. brother
e. none of these
c. having blue eyes
53) A sick persons obligation to stay in bed and follow
doctors orders is an example of his or her
a. status
d. institution
b. role
e. none of these
c. presentation of self
54) The so-called superwoman syndrome, which holds that
a woman ought to be able to keep and raise a family
while pursuing a full-time career is an example of
a. role strain
d. identity confusion
b. role conflict
e. all of these
c. institutionalized
55) In order to achieve control, all societies depend upon
___ which are rewards for conforming behavior and
punishment for deviant behavior
a. informal norms
d. offenses
b. values
e. none of these
c. sanctions
56) The division of society into layers in termed as
a. stratification
d. life chance matrix
b. status inconsistency
e. none of these
c. status defects
57) The most preferred form of marriage in human societies
is
a. monogamy
d. polyandry
b. polygamy
e. all of these
c. bigamy

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58) The function of family that has become increasingly
important in contemporary society is
a. the distribution of goods and services
b. socialization of children
c. regulation of sexual activity
d. emotional gratification
e. all of these
59) Who called religion as the opium of the people?
a. Max Weber
d. Robert Bellah
b. Karl Max
e. none of these
c. Emile Durkheim
60) All religion shares which of the following characteristics?
a. a quest for visions and mystical experiences
b. rituals that symbolizes beliefs
c. a belief in spirits
d. a belief in God
e. a belief in the Holy Spirit
61) The process by which population is concentrated in
cities is called
a. Secularization
d. all of these
b. rural migration
e. one of these
c. urbanization
62) An urban area containing a city and its surrounding
suburb and forming an economic and geographic unit is
called
a. metropolis
d. community
b. neopolis
e. none of these
c. iopolis
63) Karl Max, one of the fathers of Communism says that
religion is
a. a game of life
b. the opium of the people
c. the bread of life
d. a form of harassment
e. none of these
64) The Christian values of compassion, mercy, humility,
sacrifices, gratitude and obedience as opposing rigor,
practice, pride, indulgence, reciprocity, and
independence, respectively have found the ways of
faith, hope and peace in the World. Give your view in
terms of the following:
a. impractical
b. suit to contemporary world
c. likely to generate more peace and harmony
d. do more harm than good
e. all of these
65) Beauty, health, and wealth necessary go together in
principle. On this premise, if a person possesses only
one or two of them, he/she loses a great deal of what is
essential in life
a. the premise is true but the conclusion is false
b. the premise and the conclusion are both true
c. the premise is false but the conclusion is true
d. the premise and the conclusion are both false
e. none of these
66) In general, values maybe effectively taught by means of
inculcation and instilment. The others are
a. repetition, instinction, practice and imitation

b. compassion, expression and problem-solving


c. function, habituation, cultivation
d. enrichment, intensification, improvement and
modification
e. none of these
67) Values are refined in instructional materials such as
stories, plays and game or in ___
a. technology like film or radio
b. neighboring chats
c. festivities
d. rallies
e. all of these
68) The general term used to indicate multiple marriage of
any type is
a. polygamy
d. group marriage
b. hybridization
e. all of these
c. serial monogamy
69) The system of relation among the members in a society
is
a. kinship
d. lineage
b. descent
c. festive kinship

e. none of these

70) ___ refers to sexual relation with close relatives.


a. taboo
d. endogamy
b. incest
e. none of these
c. agriates
71) ___ refers to that form of a family whereby married
brothers with their respective families decided to live
together less than one house.
a. deal career family d. joint family
b. trifurcated family e. none of these
c. stem family
72) The existence of university belt, cars, raw, restaurants,
row or auto spare parts streets is an example of
a. Centralization
d. dominance
b. Concentration
e. none of these
c. gradient
73) A change in technology and science of a society is
a. Innovation
d. social change
b. culture changes
e. all of these
c. geographical changes
74) The study of population its size, distribution and
change is
a. Sociology
d. demography
b. human ecology
e. history
c. geography
75) The movement of a person or group of persons to
another place more or less for permanent residence is

a. migration
d. population change
b. immigration
e. ecological movement
c. population growth
76) The improvement in the quality of life, ensuring
adequate level of nutrition and suitable physical
surroundings in the social, political, and ecological

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systems and helping the people realize their potentials
is
a. modernization
d. progress
b. development
e. all of these
c. globalization
77) The form of behavior that violate the norms and culture

a. flainters
d. non-social
b. deviant
c. defiant

86) To the middle class, the main indicator of social status is

a. land holding
d. education
b. lifestyle
e. all of these
c. authority
87) A change in the technology and science of a society isa. Innovation
d. social change
b. cultural change
e. technological change
c. geographical change

e. none of these

78) Which serves as the role model and source of values


and attitudes for the young
a. school group
d. mass media
b. church group
e. gang
c. peer group
79) The basic idea of personality held by symbolic
interactions is that personality is the result of the
interaction between
a. heredity and environment
b. individuals mediated by symbols or language
c. the individuals and his culture
d. all of these
e. none of these
80) The supreme and over-reaching values
characterizes education is
a. human dignity
b. health and harmony with nature
c. human existence
d. peace and practice
e. none of these

88) Even among identical twins, brothers and sisters,


teachers should not compare abilities because
a. every individual is unique
b. comparisons can arouse the feeling of hostility
and anger
c. comparisons can lead to unnecessary
pressures
d. all of these
89) There are different factors that affect intelligence, which
of these refers to the pathological conditions?
a. heredity
c. brain
b. race
d. emotion
90) The lowest IQ indicated in the intelligence scale isa. moron
c. idiot
b. imbecile
d. feeble-minded

that

81) The occurrence of graft and corruption, nepotism and


favoritism in the Philippines is often attributed to the
values of
a. personalism
d. hospitality
b. impersonalism
e. all of these
c. utang na loob
82) When one group blends and takes in the character of
another culture there is
a. acculturation
d. assimilation
b. accommodation
e. all of these
c. adoption
83) When norms are formalized by governing body, they
become
a. folkways
c. laws
b. mores
d. sanctions
84) In the Philippines the adoption or borrowing of the
cultural patterns and values of the Chinese by the
Filipino and vice-versa is
a. accommodation
d. reprocity
b. adoption
e. assimilation
c. acculturate
85) In terms of authority, the Filipino family and more
a. patriarchal
d. bilateral
b. matriarchal
e. none of these
c. equilateral

91) The individuals basic outlooks, values and ideals are to


a great shape except during
a. neonate
c. adolescence
b. childhood
d. adulthood
92) The cycle of human development includes the following
stages mentioned below. Which of these stages should
come first?
a. adulthood
c. childhood
b. Infanthood
d. adolescence
93) One inherits certain traits from ones parents but he is
not the real replica of his parents. This explains the
principle of heredity which is the principle of
a. variation
c. reproduction
b. uniformity
d. filial regression
94) The teacher can help develop self-concept among her
pupils by
a. letting the child know how bad, stupid and a
failure he was
b. keeping quiet about the childs limitation
c. expressing confidence on the childs capability
d. punishing
95) Which of the following will not directly satisfy biological
drives?
a. water
c. economic security
b. oxygen
d. sleep
96) What term is used to refer to internal stimulus condition
of the organism, which impels it to activity?
a. motives
c. motivation
b. school phobia
d. incentive
97) A child who is overprotected or rejected may suffer
a. obsession
c. neutralism

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b. school phobia

d. hypochondriac

98) There are many factors to consider in determining the


childs readiness for learning. Which of these is the
most basic?
a. maturation
b. experience
c. methods and materials instruction
d. emotional; attitudes and personal adjustment
99) The internationalization of ethical values refers toa. personality
c. dynamics
b. character
d. organization
100)
Learning is due to maturation and training. Which
of the laws is highly related to it?
a. Law of use
c. Law of effect
b. Law of annoyance d. Law of readiness
101)

What tests are designed to measure capabilities?


a. achievement tests c. objective tests
b. aptitude tests
d.
standardized tests

109)
When a younger reverts to weeping, pouting or
childish play as a means of overcoming frustrations, this
mechanism is called
a. repression
c. nomadism
b. regression
d. fantasy
110)Cognitive domain refers to
a. skills
c. values
b. attitudes
d. knowledge with
understanding
111) There are different ways of identifying talented and
gifted children. Which of these will contribute least to
such identification?
a. standardized intelligence tests
b. standardized achievement tests
c. teachers observations
d. parents opinions
112)The behavior of the child is to large extent dependent
upon his
a. biological inheritance
c. peers
b. environment
d. parents

102)
During the sensorimotor period, the child develops
a functional understanding of many things. Which of
these does not belong to these?
a. imitation to play
c. space and time
b. causality objects d. concentration

113)The teacher should help the isolate by


a. total immersion
b. shifting him in different groups
c. using gradual induction
d. giving him different work

103)
When teaching Math, the teacher provides
situations where the pupils discovered the meaning of
square. We may then the pupils form
a. process concept c. quality concept
b. structural concept d. cluster concept

114)Which of these provide the best reinforcement?


a. use of marks
b. scholarships
c. awarding a model
d. natural interest in the world
115)There are several causes of maladjustment. Which one
is not a sure cause?
a. Poverty
c. broken home
b. Rejection
d. intelligence

104)
Which of these listed needs does not belong to the
socio-genic type?
a. thirst
c. security
b. status
d. independence
105)

The most scientific school of psychology is


a. Behaviorism
c. Structuralism
b. Gestaltism
d. Functionalism

106)
A child who can execute difficult dance steps,
throw and catch a ball skillful play several games is said
to have
a. mechanical intelligence
b. abstract intelligence
c. motor intelligence
d. social intelligence
107)
A child who is cordial, friendly and helpful with
whom people like, has a high capacity for
a. mechanical intelligence
b. abstract intelligence
c. motor intelligence
d. social intelligence
108)
Which of the four emotional behavior patterns will
be the reaction in pleasant situation?
a. destruction
c. retreat
b. approach
d. stopping of response

116)The period of concrete operations covers ages


a. 1 2 years
c. 7 11 years
b. 2 7 years
d. 11 14 years
117)According to Erickson, identity crisis or identify vs.
role confusion occurs during the ages of
a. 3 to 6 years
c. 12 to 18 years
b. 6 to 12 years
d. 18 to 21 years
118)Learning is a matter of habit formation of getting used
to it according to the theory of Pavlov known as
a. Gestaltism
b. Functionalism
c. Stimulus response-connectionism
d. Conditioning
119)The best single criterion on the degree of maturity of a
child is his
a. size
c. bone classification
b. age
d. skeletal growth
120)

Growth is most rapid proportionally


a. in the pre-natal months
b. from birth to six
c. from six to twelve
d. in adolescence

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121)

122)

123)

Growth takes place


a. gradually for the whole organism
b. with differential rates for different parts of the
body
c. suddenly by spurts of the whole
d. in serial order of development

131)

The different stages of the child growth should be


understood because
a. of the relation of between his physical and
mental status
b. of the wide range of ability
c. his emotional; and social factors affect growth
d. education should ft the growth

132)

The native stimulus for fear is


a. the dark
b. the snakes
c. a sudden or starting stimulus
d. being restrained or held

133)

Emotions can best be trained by


a. assuming an indifference to disturbing things
b. inhibiting or repressing all emotions
c. avoiding all emotional stimuli
d. attaching satisfaction to desirable emotional
pattern

134)

Maladjustment can often be prevented by


a. giving the child more attention
b. speaking of the bad impression his conduct
makes
c. seeing the child is successful in what he
undertakes
d. letting the child strictly alone

Adolescence includes the years from


a. six to nine
b. nine to twelve
c. thirteen to twenty-one
d. twenty-one to twenty-six

124)

By social intelligence, we mean


a. ability to get along with people
b. absence of shyness
c. membership in several organizations
d. absence of inferiority complex

125)

Children form gang mainly because of


a. parental laxity
b. rebellion against authority
c. desire for adventure
d. the urge to be independent

126)

Delinquency reaches its peak


a. before the teenage
b. in the early and middle teens
c. in the twenties
d. in the thirties

127)

The gang generally disintegrates because of


a. hostility between members
b. members becomes different in size
c. the school prohibits it
d. other interests, particularly in the other sex

128)
The best way to help adolescents become socially
mature is to
a. urge them to confide in their parents
b. help them feel free to do as the crowd does
c. give wholesome and adequate social
experiences
d. overcome inferiority feelings and pattern
129)

Emotions are significant because they


a. always stimulate thinking
b. preserves our lives
c. are the products of the body
d. are the major fasteners in personality

130)
The school causes emotional maladjustments most
often by
a. hard problems and lessons
b. failure in the work
c. opposition from friends
d. lack of guidance

The endocrine glands


a. are glands of internal secretions
b. are known as the glands with ducts
c. are glands that produces sweat
perspirations
d. directly control our behavior

and

135)
Overprotected children will probably develop into
adults who
a. are independent and self-reliant
b. are emotionally mature
c. will protect other children
d. continue to learn on their parent
136)
The most serious maladjusted child is one who
a. talk back to his teachers
b. is loud and disorderly
c. is unsocial and withdrawn from others
d. destroys school materials
137)
Making the child ashamed of some habitual
behaviors is most likely to have effect of
a. eliminating desirable habit without harmful
consequences
b. adding a deep sense of guilt to the
misbehavior
c. causing open rebellion
d. a temporary improvement in conduct and
attitude
138)
The correction of maladjustment in an individual
child is
a. a very complicated and difficult matter
b. an impossible task
c. a rather easy thing
d. a task only for psychiatrists
139)

Memorization is made more effective by


a. Repetition
b. Visualization
c. Meaningfulness and understanding
d. Intensity

140)
Studies of the effect of summer vacation upon
retention indicate that

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a.
b.
c.
d.

much is forgotten
small amount is forgotten
nothing is forgotten
retention is increased

141)

The intention to remember is


a. assume mastery
b. adds meaning to the material
c. does not retard forgetting
d. increased interest and mind-set

142)

Over-learning the material


a. increases retention
b. decrease interests
c. makes memory work monotonous
d. increases forgetting

143)

A good memory has much value because it


a. gives one a chance to show individuality
b. shows that one is above average in
intelligence
c. increased ones social efficiency
d. indicates clear thinking

144)

The most widely accepted concept of intelligence is


a.
b.
c.
d.

capacity to learn
ability to control emotion
ability to sustain oneself economically
ability to make social contacts

145)

A feeble-minded person has an IQ of


a. 80
c. below 70
b. 90
d. 75

146)

A gifted person has an IQ of


a. 100
c. 120
b. 110
d. above 130

147)
The percentage of individuals classified as having
an average of normal intelligence is
a. 50
c. 70
b. 60
d. 80
148)

Children who are very bright tend to be


a. physically small and sickly
b. nervous and emotionally unstable
c. shy, timid and unsocial
d. favorable endowed in more respect

149)
People knowledge, beliefs, arts, morals, customs
and other capabilities and habits are known as
a. education
c. culture
b. socialization
d. anthropology
150)
Pre-marital sex is commonly practiced in Western
Countries, but considered bad in the Philippines; what is
good for them is bad for us. This means that culture is
a. adaptive
c. shared
b. dynamic
d. relative
151) An American felt sick after being forced to eat balut
by Filipinos; such experience is known as
a. culture trait
c.
culture diversity
b. culture shock

d. culture amalgamation

152)
The expression Filipinos operate or live on two
levels of culture, means that Filipinos
a. are influenced by both parental sides- fathermother
b. versatile people who can live whether in the
Philippines or U.S.A.
c. influenced by both Western and Asian culture
d. either good or bad
153)
Whether we like or not, it is impossible to find a true
or pure Filipino music, dance or belief, because, culture
is
a. diverge
c. relative
b. dynamic-cumulative d. learned
154)
In what sense does culture distinguished man from
animals?
a. man develops culture, arts, laws, etc. while
animals behave according to their instincts
b. man is superior intellectually than animals
c. man although superior intellectually, is
physically inferior to animals
d. animals can be cultured like human beings
155)
When Filipino is married to a German, there is a
mixture or blending of two different cultures as shown
in their childrens behavior, this is known as cultural
a. fusion
c. unification
b. amalgamation
d. breeding
156)
White people usually feel superior, blacks inferior;
this feeling of superiority is known as
a. ethnocentrism
c. agnosticism
b. altruism
d. relativism
157)
Filipino Catholics celebrate fiestas, novenas in
honor of their saints, or as a form of thanksgiving; this
practice is part of
a. folkways
c. folklore
b. folktales
d. none of these
158)
Sexual relations between relatives is strictly
forbidden in our society; this prohibition is part of the
a. folkways
c. traditions
b. mores
d. all of these
159)
Filipinos, Koreans, Japanese have their own
languages, habits, dresses, etc., the culture common to
all people is known as
a. sub-culture
c. universe culture
b. socio-culture
d. international culture
160)
As part of modernization, people would prefer to
use a telephone rather than travel, they prefer to take
jeepneys rather than walk; these new habits are known
as
a. technicways
c. folkways
b. mores
d. culture complex
161)
Pordoy and Kagidlay are newly-wed with no money
to either rent or buy a house; so they decided to live
their in-laws; theirs and in-laws families are now known
as
a. nuclear
c. bilateral
b. extended
d. unified families

Page 9 of 104
162)
Peoples ideas, beliefs of what is good or bad,
desirable or undesirable, important or non important are
better known as
a. folkways
c. values
b. mores
d. attitudes
163)
Earnings, watches, lipsticks, beautiful dresses have
their
a. moral
c. educational
b. ethical
d. social values
164)
Some students often says, Its better to cheat than
to repeat, others also say, Bahala na ug ma-zero; dili
gyud ko mangodigo. These expression show their
a. religious
c. spiritual
b. moral-ethical
d. social values
165)
Filipinos are always conscious of what people say
or think about their appearances or actions; this ulaw
mentality is part of their desire to attain
a. social acceptance c. supernaturalism
b. euphemism
d. particularlism
166)
Diplomas, titles, as Dr., Engr., Atty., are always
used by Filipinos as part of their
a. particularism
c.
supernaturalism
b. personalism

d. euphemism

167)
The expression, It is not what you know but whom
you know that counts, reflects Filipinos values on
a. particularism
c. euphemism
b. personalism
d. familism
168)
Pedro studied hard and passed the Teachers
Board Examination. Yet when asked on his secret for
passing the said exam, he simply/humbly answered
Swerte lang, kaloy-an sa Ginoo. This reflects the
value of
a. personalism
c. supernaturalism
b. particularism
d. utang na loob

172)
What is the sociological difference between on
individual and person?
a. there is no difference between an individual
and person
b. an individual is unsocialized, uncultured;
person cultured, socialized
c. an individual is bad; a person is good
d. both socialized
173)
As a person reaches adolescence, becoming more
independent, the ___ have the greatest influences in
behavior.
a. home or parents c. peers
b. school or teachers d. priests
174)
Most governors, mayors, congressmen are corrupt,
rapists, murderers or less educated, yet they continue to
be re-elected during election s. This bad situation in our
society shows the Filipinos in general are
a. still politically immature, if not stupid who can
be bought, threatened by guns, gold or money
b. in live with criminal politicians
c. helpless and do not care about the future of
the country/community
d. A and C answers
175)
Which of the following describes the Pleistocene
or Ice Age?
a. waters around what is now the Philippines fell
about 156 ft. below its level
b. areas of land came to the surface and became
land bridges
c. the packs of glaciers which covered the earth
melted as sunlight entered the atmosphere
d. all of these
176)
As cited by researchers which gave such names as
Peking Man, Java Man, Australopithecus. There is
great possible that the first man must have come from
a. Europe
c. Asia
b. Africa
d. America

169)
Man is part of the government, church,
organizations or association; educating or training him
for his roles, duties are a consideration of his ____
dimension.
a. moral
c. spiritual
b. social
d. political

177)
The fossils believed to be those of the first Filipinos
were found by Robert Fox in
a. Hinagdanan Cave, Bohol
b. Tabon Cave, Palawan
c. Tabon-tabon Cave, Mindoro
d. Masao Cave, Agusan del Norte

170)
Why did the Philippines send military troops to
Cambodia? It is because
a. the Philippines is part or a member of nation of
U.N.O. and we promote global solidarity
b. the Philippines was ordered by the United
States
c. the Philippines is against communism
d. none of these

178)
Which group of traders introduced Islam in the
Philippines?
a. Chinese
c. Malaysian
b. Arabs
d. Indonesian

171)
Upon birth, his parents automatically rear an
individual; he starts learning the culture of his family;
later with his neighbors, then the school and societys
rules, regulations and laws. This is known as
a. education
c. training
b. socialization
d. experience

180)
Which of the following is least effective in moral
instruction?
a. having children memorize the laws/rules
b. calling attention of children on the positive
consequences of their behavior
c. praising children for displaying positive
behavior

179)

Which of the following is not a result of learning?


a. getting drunk
c. driving car
b. saying bad words d. showing how to swim

Page 10 of 104
d. discussing real-life moral situation
evaluating their consequences.

and

181)
The relation between heredity and environment is
an interaction. What does this mean?
a. there are special abilities are dependent on the
environment
b. parents determine the behavior of their
children
c. the importance of environment is dependent
upon heredity
d. maturation is the process of bringing the
various parts of an organism to full
development

b. the teacher must translate the meaning of


terms into the vernacular
c. the teacher must provide more information
d. the teacher must allow the child to look at the
meaning of words in the dictionary
188)
The way a child talks, walks, or uses gestures may
have been learned from a model he had been exposed
to. This is according to the theory of:
a. connectionism
b. operant conditioning
c. classical conditioning
d. social learning
189)

182)
After the sounding of the bell is paired off a number
of times with the presentation of meal powder, the bell
alone is observed to elicit salivation response known as
the:
a. unconditional response
b. conditioned stimulus
c. conditional response
d. unconditioned stimulus
183)

To Thorndike, learning is:


a. always involve trial-and-error
b. sometimes involves trial-and-error
c. never involves trial-and-error
d. none of these

184)
All of the following are examples of psychological
barriers in learning except:
a. teacher personality
b. absence of skill motive in a learning situation
c. emotional blocking
d. poor teaching techniques
185)
Which of the following poorly explains stimulusresponse bond?
a. a situation which influences or affects the
learner
b. a response in which the learner makes the
situation
c. a connection between the problem and
solution
d. a learner achieving a solution
186)
Applied to the general classroom situation, the
Field Theory implies the need for emphasis on looking
at the total situation at the beginning. Which of the
examples below best explains the theory?
a. the teacher introduces the study of Chemistry
by examples in a detailed analysis of a given
element
b. in primary reading, the teacher tells briefly the
story is all about, describing the characters and
relates the story to the pupils experience
c. the psychology teacher discusses first the
importance of psychology in daily living
d. B & C
187)
Bruners Theory of Learning points out that if a
learner is to use information effectively, it must be
translated into his terms. This means that:
a. the teacher must strive to see a problem as the
learner sees it

Thorndike Law of Readiness claims that the:


a. teacher must either wait for readiness or
accept the present level of readiness and be
satisfied with a lower learning rate in
introducing any new learning experience
b. teacher must wait for the readiness of her
students
c. teacher must accept the present level of
readiness and be satisfied with the lower
learning rate in introducing any new learning
experience
d. teacher must understand he students level of
readiness

190)
Which of the following statement below is false
about punishment?
a. it may produce undesirable emotional side
effects
b. it may actually increase the strength of an
undesirable behavior
c. in order to effective, it must often be in severe
form
d. punished behavior may continue to occur
especially when the punisher is not present
191)
The best way to shape the behavior of students is
by:
a. exposing pupils to desirable models
b. telling them the dos of behavior
c. reinforcing every desirable behavior
d. telling them to imitate the teacher
192)
All of the following statements are principles that
facilitate classroom learning except:
a. the learner must clearly perceive his goal
b. the learner must practice role learning
c. learner must be psychologically and
physiologically ready
d. the learner must be motivated to learn
193)
In the classroom, teachers are said to reinforce the
kind of behavior they want to see through praise,
smiles, marks, reward and the like. This situations
exemplifies:
a. operant conditioning
b. classical conditioning
c. Lewins topological theory
d. Cognitive field theory
194)
Which of the statements below best illustrates the
role of teacher as facilitator o student learning?
a. directing the action of the student

Page 11 of 104
b. calling for the proper application of a teaching
method to make learning experiences
meaningful
c. intervening with students choices and actions
d. understanding how students learn
195)
A teacher who is unable to overcome role confusion
or to postpone choices leading to identity formation but
attempts to resolve conflict manifests.
a. negative identity
b. psychological androgyny
c. psychological moratorium
d. identity crises
196)
Teachers in Health, Biology, Psychology and Home
Economics may best help students accept or improve
their appearance by:
a. explaining that acne, for example is usually
due to physiological changes accompanying
puberty and such changes are temporary
b. citing examples of people with pleasant
appearance
c. giving them books on how to accept self and
appearance
d. accepting them as they are and explaining that
psychological changes are temporary.
197)
All of the following statements apply to Piagets preoperational; stage of cognitive development except:
a. children are capable of using symbols to stand
for objects
b. children use a language that is egocentric
c. children are capable of decantation
d. children are capable of solving conservation
problems
198)
By repeatedly pairing an unconditioned stimulus an
unconditioned response, a conditioned stimulus
eventually elicits a conditioned response. This is
according to the:
a. Classical Conditioning Theory
b. Operant Conditioning Theory
c. Reinforcement Theory
d. Learning Theory
199)
Which of the following is false about the Cognitive
Field Theory?
a. sees learning as a stimulus-response
interaction
b. focuses on the cognitive structure of man as
basis for learning
c. centers on the life space as source of learning
d. does not emphasize reinforcement
200)
Bruners Theory on learning states that intrinsic
motivation is better than extrinsic motivation. Which of
the following statement below is the best example of
intrinsic motivation?
a. a student has a desire to learn a subject
because it is worth knowing
b. a student learns because of the use of reward
and punishment
c. a student wants to learn because his goal is to
graduate with honors
d. a student learns because he wants to prove
that he is intelligent

201)
All of the following are principles that facilitate
classroom learning except:
a. the learner must clearly perceive the goal
b. the learner must practice role playing
c. the learner must be psychologically and
physiologically ready
d. the learner must be motivated to learn
202)
Jane has been punished and this has adopted her
aggressive behavior towards her younger brother.
However, lately, she has been seen her mother shouting
at and showing aggressive behavior toward her father.
Because of this, she has started to manifest aggressive
behavior toward her younger brother. This situation is
an example of:
a. inhibitory effect
c. disinhibitory effect
b. negative effect
d. modelling effect
203)
Learners who have past histories of failures and
frustrations are generally observed to manifest:
a. low achievement motivation
b. high achievement performance
c. a fear to study
d. fear of school
204)
A group of accelerated Grade V pupils is expected
to learn more learning task in Science than does a
group of regular Grade V pupils. A teacher who works
on a sound principle of motivation is likely to present:
a. the overview of all learning tasks to arouse
interest for the entire lesson.
b. the lesson from the simplest to them are
complex
c. the lessons from most difficult to simplest to
challenge the group
d. the lesson at random to generate creativity
205)
Teacher should avoid labeling pupils negatively as
they may live up to these images. This tendency to
manifest negative labels into actual behaviors is a
concept of attitude formation called:
a. reflected self-appraisal
c. self-concept
b. self-fulfilling prophecy
d. self-realization
206)
A conscientious teacher can best help her students
demonstrate learned helplessness by:
a. Making them aware of their strength and
weaknesses for learning
b. providing them activities that will enable them
to experience success
c. encouraging them to join rewarding activities
d. creating activities for them that will make them
feel important
207)
A social unit of persons united by kinship, marriage,
or adoption, with a common habitat and interacting
according to well-defined roles to maintain and protect
its members and perpetuates the society.
a. family
c. barangay
b. government
d. society
208)
The commission of criminal or anti-social acts by
the youth.
a. prostitution
c. juvenile delinquency
b. gambling
d. drug addiction

Page 12 of 104
209)
It is the study of man as a product of evolution, his
physical structure is known as
a. Sociology
c. cultural anthropology
b. physical anthropology d. archeology
210)
The sum total of knowledge, skills, beliefs,
products, etc. shared by people and passed from one
generation to another.
a. Sociology
c. culture
b. Anthropology
d. archeology
211)This refers to the ability to communicate with others.
Thoughts and feelings are symbolized so as to convey
meaning in different forms of communication is known
as
a. speech
c. message
b. communication
d. language
212)
It is a form of language in which articulate sounds
or words used to convey meanings is known as
a. speech
c. message
b. communication
d. language
213)

The sacred book of the Judaism.


a. Bible
b. Quran
c. Torah She Bi-Khetab &Tora She-Be al Peh
d. None of the above

214)
It is the totality of human activities involving
creativity, ingenuity, judgment, and skills aimed at the
accomplishment of a given aesthetic end or a thing of
beauty is known as.
a. culture
c. language
b. arts
d. humanities
215)
As defined by the American College Dictionary, It is
the study of a real differentiation of the earth surface, as
shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations
over the world elements is known as...
a. map
c. culture
b. arts
d. geography
216)
As defined by the American College Dictionary, it is
defined as the things of social life, such as ideals,
customs, institutions, etc. toward which the people of
the group have affective regard and which are
considered desirable is known as
a. culture
c. geography
b. values
d. arts
217)
The stimulus-response theory believes every
stimulus creates a response where activities can be
measured objectively. This is known as
a. Structuralism
c. behaviorism
b. gestalt psychology d. functionalism
218)
It is a stirred up state or disorganized behavior
caused by a situation which the individual cannot cope
with is known as
a. emotion
c. delusions
b. motivation
d. hysteria
219)
This refers to the arousal and maintenance of
interest.

a. emotion
b. motivation

c. delusions
d. hysteria

220)
It is system or schools of psychology that claims
that experience or mental states are made of
sensations, images or ideas and feelings.
a. Structuralism
c. behaviorism
b. gestalt psychology d. functionalism
221)
It is another system or schools of psychology that
mental processes are functions or operations of the
organism in its adaptation to and modification of is
environment.
a. Structuralism
c. behaviorism
b. gestalt psychology d. functionalism
222)
The conception of experience at any given
moment is determined by the totality of its related
phases, which constitute an integrated pattern or
configuration. This school of psychology is known as ..
a. Structuralism
c. behaviorism
b. gestalt psychology d. functionalism
223)
Emotion is the primitive matrix from which all later
mental powers are developed. This theory is known as

a. Canon-Dana Theory
b. James-Lange Theory
c. Evolutionary Theory
d. Emergency or conflict theory
224)
The following are methods of eradicating
undesirable emotional behavior except one:
a. disuse
b. frequent application of the stimulus
c. ridicule of scorn
d. sublimation
225)
It is the sum total of the traits and characteristics
and patterns of adjustment of an individual that sets him
apart or makes him different from other individuals.
a. Personality
c. values
b. Culture
d. all of the above
226)
It is the process of overcoming difficulties that
hinder the attainment of a goal by using knowledge and
skills gained from associative leaning, reflective,
analytical and constructive thinking are very much
needed. This type of learning is known as
a. aesthetic leaning
b. problem-solving learning
c. affective learning
d. psychomotor learning
227)
When an organism is ready to act, action is
satisfying, inaction is annoying. This law of learning is
known as .
a. law of effect
c. law of readiness
b. law of exercise
d. none of these
228)
This is law of learning states that practice
reinforces learning.
a. law of effect
c. law of readiness
b. law of exercise
d. none of these

Page 13 of 104
229)
This refers to the inborn automatic responses to
simple localized stimulation involving particular muscles
and a part of the body is known as .
a. drives
c. reflexes
b. urges
d. aptitudes

240) The stage of development from the time of


conception to the time of birth is known as
_____.
a. pre-natal period
c. early childhood
b. post-natal period
d. babyhood

230)
Charles mother noticed that her son is sometimes
competing with his father for her attention. Charles can
be classified under what psychoanalytic stage of
development?
a. latency
b. genital
c. phallic
d. oral

241) it refers to the nurture


his parents and from
around him.
a. environment
b. heredity

231)
This pattern of development states that
development follows an orderly pattern that is
predictable.
a. cepahlocaudal
c. conventional
b. phylogenetic
d. proximodistal
232)
Classical conditioning theory is always attributed to
him for his experiment concerning the dogs salivation
as a reaction to the sound of the buzzer.
a. Bandura
c. Pavlov
b. Lewin

d. B. F. Skinner

233)
The childs concept of right and wrong is based on
external criteria laid down by adults during the stage of
pre-conventional morality. This is based on the idea of
____.
a. Erikson
c. Kohlberg
b. Freud
d. Piaget
234)
During the pre-operational stage language skill
emerges and the child now uses words to represent
ideas. This is the theory attributed to ____.
a. Wallace
c. Freud
b. Piaget
d. Dewey
235)
An individual with an I. Q. of 110 is considered
____.
a. above-average
c. genius
b. average
d. moron
236)
It is the process by which an organism inherits the
characteristic traits of the parents.
a. heredity
c. development
b. maturation
d. fertilization
237)
It is the stage of development, which is considered
as the transition period form childhood to adulthood.
a. adolescence
c. late childhood
b. adulthood
d. infancy
238)
It is a process when the sperm cell penetrates the
membranes of the egg cell and is considered as the
beginning of life.
a. development
c. maturation
b. fertilization
d. accommodation
239) A fetus, which comes from a single fertilized egg
cell, is called ___.
a. fraternal twin
c. Siamese twin
b. bi-ovular twin
d. uniovular twin

that the child receives from


interaction with the people
c. nutrition
d. parental cares

242)
The stage of development is known as the
questioning age or exploratory age because the child is
constantly asking so many questions.
a. babyhood
c. infancy
b. early childhood
d. late childhood
243)
It refers to the natural impulse possessed by men
and animals, an activity engaged in for the enjoyment
and satisfaction, but can also be utilized as a tool for
learning.
a. desire
c. play
b. emotion
d. rivalry
244)
It is one of the characteristics of Filipino learners
shown by the attitude of partial inhibition of social
responses especially in the presence of strangers.
a. shyness
c. humility
b. perseverance
d. competition
245)
Learning is any change in the behavior of an
organism, is the main educational idea of the ____.
a. behaviorists
c. Gestaltists
b. connectionists
d. mind theories
246)
it is the natural impulse of the child, which involves
a skillful or dexterous management, or control of
actions.
a. rivalry
c. manipulation
b. play
d. curiosity
247)
Learning is an active and dynamic process in which
the learner must definitely be involved in the teachinglearning activities, is the basic tenet of ____.
a. progressivism
c. connectionism
b. Gestalt
d. behaviorism
248)
This is the law of learning states that when an
organism is prepared to respond to a stimulus, allowing
him to do so would be satisfying while preventing him
would be annoying.
a. Law of Effect
c. Law of Recency
b. Law of Exercise
d. Law of Readiness
249)
A type of motivation, which is based on reward and
punishments.
a. extrinsic
c. materialistic
b. intrinsic
d. psychological
250)
It is the process of equaling or excelling over the
work of another.
a. competition
c. emulation
b. curiosity
d. rivalry
251)
Danica got the highest grade in Mathematics
because she studied very well in the said subject. For

Page 14 of 104
this, Danica will be all the more motivated to study not
only Mathematics but also her other subjects. This is in
accordance with the ____.
a. Law of Belongingness c. Law of Exercise
b. Law of Effect
d. Law of Readiness
252)
During the Spanish period, the teachers who were
mostly friars assumed all the authority in the schools
and classrooms and the students had no right but to
obey their teachers. This best illustrates ____ approach
to teaching.
a. authoritarian
c. laissez-faire
b. democratic
d. Socratic

b. cognitive

d. psychomotor

262)
it is believed that education is a matter of training
and discipline. Hence, if one wants to sharpen his
memory, he must memorize names, dates, events and
others. This is the main idea of ____.
a. generalization c. identical element
b. gestalt
d. mind theory
263)
This law of learning states that constant repetition
of any learning task strengthens learning.
a. Law of Belongingness c. Law of Exercise
b. Law of Effect d. Law of Readiness

253)
It is the domain, which is focused on the
development of the attitude, interest and emotion as
well as the intangible qualities of the child.
a. affective
c. manipulative
b. cognitive
d. psychomotor

264)
The ability of the individual to foresee things based
on knowledge and experiences and to react in advance
is known as ____.
a. E.S.P.
c. Insight
b. Conditioning
d. Trial and Error

254)
Regarding the maturation of boys and girls,
teachers should bear in mind that:
a. girls mature at a later stage than boys
b. girls mature at an earlier stage than boys
c. boys and girls mature at the same time
d. there are no marked difference in their time of
maturity

265)
This law of learning states that the response which
has been exercised and rewarded most recently is the
one which is most likely to occur when the organism is
in a given situation.
a. Law of Effect
c. Law of Readiness
b. Law of Exercise
d. Law of Recency

255)
Transfer of learning easily takes place if the
activities involved ____.
a. are different
b. having identical elements
c. occur in the same time
d. vary in difficulty
256)
When the learner is well motivated, he performs his
task ___.
a. with indifference
c. with arrogance
b. with interests
d. with enthusiasm
257)
A six-year-old child who has a mental age of 96 has
an IQ of ____.
a. 120
c. 132
b. 130
d. 133
258)
The ratio obtained by dividing mental age by
chronological age times 100 is called _____.
a. derived quotient
b. emotional intelligence quotient
c. intelligence quotient or IQ
d. intelligence ratio
259)
This natural born tendency of the child, which refers
to the capacity to adjust his thinking to new
requirements.
a. competition
c. emotion
b. curiosity
d. intelligence
260)
it is the process of arousing the individuals
attention and interest to wards a definite goal.
a. learning
c. resourcefulness
b. motivation
d. rivalry
261)
This domain of learning is geared towards the
development of the childs intellectual capacity.
a. affective
c. manipulative

266)
Values are caught and not taught. This due to the
fact that children learn from what they observe from
adults. This shows the natural tendency of children
known as:
a. competition
c. imitation
b. curiosity
d. rivalry
267)
The domain of learning, which caters to the
development of skills of the child.
a. affective
c. objectives
b. cognitive

d. psychomotor

268)
This is a term, which means pattern shape or
configuration. This school of thought adheres to the
idea that the experiences at any given moment are
determined by the totality of its related phases, which
constitutes an integral pattern of configuration.
a. behaviorism
c. gestalt
b. connectionism
d. progressivism
269)
Learning is further strengthened when there are
similarities in the topics or subject matters to be learned.
a. Law of Belongingness c. Law of Exercises
b. Law of Effect

d. Law of Readiness

270)
This law of learning states that a given situation
usually generates various reactions from the learners.
a. Law of Effect
c. Law of Multiple Response
b. Law of Frequency d. Law of Recency
271)
Zsa-zsas father promised to by her a laptop
computer if she graduated as valedictorian. She
studied so hard in order to graduate as valedictorian
and get her prize. This is a good example of _____.
a. punishment
c. intrinsic motivation
b. motivation
d. extrinsic motivation

Page 15 of 104
272)
it is defined as the quest for truth based on logical
reasoning aside form factual observation of the natures
multifarious phenomena.
a. culture
c. philosophy
b. morality
d. sociology
273)
it is an ordinance of reason formulated for the
common good by the one who has charge of the
society.
a. philosophy
c. law
b. morality
d. culture
274)
A teacher can best help a withdrawn child to assert
himself and win the respect of his classmates by ____.
a. giving him opportunity to show his talents
b. providing him leadership roles
c. always calling him to answer questions
d. encouraging him to study harder to outwit his
classmates
275)
The best for a teacher to impart values to his pupils
is ___.
a. constant repetition of actions to make them
routinely
b. inflicting corporal punishment
c. acting as a role model
d. always scolding his pupils
276)
All mortal existence is characterized by suffering
is the basic premise of this Oriental philosophy.
a. Brahmanism
c. Confucianism
b. Buddhism
d. Islam
277)
It is the art and science that deals with the morality
of human acts.
a. aesthetics
c. ethics
b. axiology
d. logic
278)
it is a short story, a weighty similitude that is used to
convey instruction to ignorant and inattentive listeners.
A method of teaching that was used by Jesus Christ.
An example is the story of the Prodigal son.
a. dialectic
c. parable
b. dialog
d. proverb
279)
This philosophical school of thought believes that
the ultimate goal of human existence is the acquisition
of pleasure. Everything that brings pleasure and
delights is moral. Whereas, anything that brings
suffering and pain is immoral.
a. utilitarianism
c. moral sensism
b. moral rationalism
d. hedonism
280)
If the Christian has the Bible and the Islam has the
Quran as Holy Scriptures, what do you call the Sacred
of Text of Hinduism?
a. Veda
c. Karma
b. Nirvana
d. Analects
281)
He postulated that both human heartedness and
propriety should operate in a scheme of five human
relationships like between father and son; between
brothers; between husband and wife; between friends
and between rules and subjects.

a. Buddha
b. Confucius

c. Lao Tzu
d. Tagore

282)
Life is full of conditions. As much, man is always
confronted with alternative wherein he must decide
based on his prudence. But he must take full
responsibility for the consequences that his decision
might bring. This is the maxim of ____.
a. essentialism c. pragmatism
b. existentialism d. utilitarianism
283)

The name of this Oriental religion means


submission to God.
a. Christianity
c. Islam
b. Hinduism d. Judaism

284)
Know thyself was the dictum of this Greek thinker
who was condemned to die by drinking hemlock.
a. Aristotle
c. Socrates
b. Plato
d. Thales
285)
It is something, which is chosen from alternatives,
acted upon and enhances the creative integration and
development of human personality.
a. values
c. ethics
b. morality
d. character
286)
Hitler massacred millions of people during the
holocaust due to the belief advocated by Friedrich
Nietzsche that the society must produce strong people
and kill the weak. What is the name of this
philosophical belief?
a. moral rationalism c. Nazism
b. moral evolutionism d. utilitarianism
287)
Lord, grant me the serenity to accept the things I
cannot change; courage to change the things I can and
wisdom to know the difference was the well known
prayer of ____.
a. Saint Augustin
c. Saint Francis
b. Saint Duke
d. Saint Matthew
288)
it is an Oriental religion whose main philosophy is
mans harmony with Mother Nature.
a. Taoism
c. Judaism
b. Shintoism
d. Buddhism
289)
It is the belief that mans soul is imprisoned in his
earthly body and can escape only from such bondage
through an endless series of birth.
a. Veda
c. Karma
b. Transmigration
d. Nirvana
290)
Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic
revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but
their claims they have a world to win. Workingmen of all
countries unite! were the concluding statements of the
____.
a. Russian Constitution
b. Magna Carta
c. Communist Manifesto
d. Das Kapital
291)
To repeat is to acquire understanding, is to
demonstrate concentration, is to show the power of the

Page 16 of 104
human intellect was the basic doctrine of this educator
for establishing a special kind of school for children.
a. John Amos Camenius c. Friedrich Herbart
b. John Dewey
d. Maria Montessori
292)
These are bodily appetites or tendencies like love,
joy, anger, grief, passion, etc. that modify human acts.
a. Concupiscence
c. ignorance
b. freedom
d. violence
293)
Eating sili and other spicy food is the trademark of
the Bicolonos. This practice is acceptable for them but
may not be as welcome to the other ethnic groups. This
only shows that value is _____.
a. bipolar
c. objective
b. hierarchical
d. subjective
294)
The passage The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not
want, is taken from _____.
a. Veda
c. Proverbs
b. Talmud
d. Psalms
295)
The formation of the alphabet for the Western
World was the achievement of the ____.
a. Egyptians
c. Phoenicians
b. Babylonians
d. Romans
296)
The great educational achievement of the medieval
period, which created an academic world, is _____.
a. scholasticism
c. Chantry schools
b. venture school
d. the University
297)
Support of the State government for the
maintenance of schools was one o the notable effects of
the ____.
a. Reformation
c. Naturalism in education
b. Renaissance
d. Realism in education
298)
What statement is INCONSISTENT with what are
advocated by progressive educators?
a. The cosmos that confronts the learner is
continually undergoing change
b. Educational aims are not fixed and final.
c. Education is the constant reconstruction of
experience.
d. Educational concerns are focused on the
supernatural world of eternity.
299)

What statement is FALSE with respect to


essentialism as a philosophy of education?
a. The chief business of education is to cultivate
the intellectual virtues of man.
b. Education should be devoted to the thorough
study of a few subjects selected for their
universal and basic importance.
c. Essentialism stresses reading, speaking,
writing and arithmetic as tool subjects;
grammar, rhetoric, logic and languages as
intellectual subjects.
d. Essentialism is in accord with the basic
philosophy of child-centered education as
favored by progressives.

300) What statement is NOT TRUE in so far as the


contributions of Friedrich W. Froebel to education
are concerned?

a. Education is development from within.


b. In the educational process the pupil or learner
is a passive agent.
c. He is propounded the principle of self-activity.
d. He formulated the principle of social
participation.
301) What statement is NOT TRUE when it comes to the
contribution of John Friedrich Herbart to education?
a. Education is development from within.
b. Education is the sole business of the teacher.
c. He formulated the doctrine of interest.
d. He formulated the doctrine of apperception.
302) What statement is NOT TRUE with reference to
Realism in education?
a. The basic reality is to be found in the forces
and laws of nature.
b. Sense perception is the fundamental means to
learning.
c. What is hard or difficult has special disciplinary
value.
d. All knowledge is acquired through experience.
303) What statement is unacceptable to proponents and
followers of humanism in education?
a. Classical Latin literature is the basis of liberal
education.
b. Liberal education stresses moral discipline.
c. The essential of liberal education are history,
moral philosophy and eloquence.
d. Languages are used as tool subjects and a
pansophic curriculum is the means to new
social order.
304) The ways in which primitive children learn were by
observation of activities in which they would later
be participants and by simple telling and
demonstration on how things were done. When
primitive education is contrasted with civilized
education, this difference will be noted;
a. Primitive education is relatively simple.
b. Primitive education evolves in a purely natural
ways.
c. Primitive education evolves in a military ways.
d. Primitive education is relatively complex.
305) Roman education emphasized the practical way of
doing things aim of roman education was utilitarian
- not theory but application, not learning but
practice. What kind of people were the Romans?
a. Naturalist
c. Pragmatists
b. Progressivists
d. Realists
306) Most authorities agree that modern times began
with the movement known as the Renaissance; and
since education is always a reflection of the times,
modern education and modern theories of
education can be said to have began with this
movement. The distinct outgrowth of the
Renaissance was:
a. Realist education c. Pragmatic education
b. Naturalist education d. Humanistic education
307) Individual teachers need to begin their professional
life by soul searching and knowing more about

Page 17 of 104
them. The most important aspect of the
professional life of a teacher therefore is a critical
examination of ideas related to his life and work,
the critical examination of ideas should continue
through:
a. teachers professional career
b. teachers changing philosophical orientation
c. teachers value orientation
d. teachers philosophy in life
308) The teachers total philosophy of life cant be
separated from his philosophy of education or his
learning theory, and his methods of teaching, for
views of reality, knowledge and value lie in the
realm of:
a. movistic, dualistic and organic view
b. metaphysical, epistemological and
axiological view
c. philosophical, sociological anthropological
view
d. realistic, naturalist and humanistic view
309) Education seeks the self-realization of the
individual through participation in the social of his
family and society. From his early infancy, the
individuals participation grows increasingly. This
means:
a. Education transmits the vital elements of
culture to the succeeding generation.
b. Education secures to the individual the
external conditions of good life.
c. Education is a continuous process.
d. Education preserves and spreads spiritual
values.
310)
The curriculum of kindergarten schools emphasizes
physical and mental growth, development of personal
habits and attitudes through informal activities most of
all it should emphasize:
a. religious instruction c. appreciation of ideas
b. social relationship d. military discipline
311)There are three components of the educative
processes, which have been the concern of both
psychologists and teachers. These are the:
a. parents, teachers, classmates, teachers,
friends, parents
b. learners, learning process, learning
situation
c. learning process, teachers, learners
d. none of these
312)
The adolescent wants independence; yet he has a
strong desire for security. He wants to feel secure in
the affection and regard of his peers and of adults, That
is, he wants to be secured ____.
a. physically and socially spiritually and
physically
b. mentally and emotionally
c. emotionally and socially
d. none of these
313) What development is described in this view of
Piaget?

Development
involves
two
processes:
assimilation in which an individual acquires
information or knowledge accommodation where
an individual creates a new scheme after his
interaction with the environment.
a. cognitive development affective development
b. psychomotor development
c. spiritual development
d. none of these
314) The problem of meeting adequately all the needs of
a learner in education becomes the task of the
teacher.
For this task to be effectively
accomplished, the teacher has to be aware of the
nature and extent of the school learners
differences, how they affect teaching and learning.
In the developmental theory, this refers to:
a. family differences
b. community differences
c. individual differences
d. sex differences
315) As the individual emerges form the sheltered life
within the home toward an expanded social and
physical environment, new problems arises and
additional needs and wants appear. During this
time boys and girls need very urgently.
a. physical adjustment
b. social adjustment
c. emotional adjustment
d. spiritual adjustment
316) According to this theory, human activities are based
on association between stimuli and responses.
This theory has bee called S R bond. These
terms refers to:
a. connectionism theory
b. law of readiness
c. law of effect
d. conditioning theory
317) Which of these attitudes helps the individual to
endure suffering, poverty, sickness and bad luck?
This attitude enables one to accept resignation and
tolerance to pain and frustrations. This attitude that
still persists is called ____.
a. fatalism
c. animism
b. non-rationalism
d. euphemism
318) This attitude denotes a sense of gratitude. This
value system comprises a work of behavior with
different degrees connotation. It is a complicated
system of mutual obligation. Everybody owes a
debt of gratitude to someone, everyone in some
way has done something for someone who
therefore owes him in return. This value is referred
to as:
a. ningas cogon
c. fiesta syndrome
b. manana habit
d. utang na loob

Page 18 of 104
319) It is something that grows and changes with the
passage of time. It is complex whole, which
includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals,
customs, and/or capabilities and habits acquired by
man as a member of society. This is referred to as:
a. culture
c. learning
b. experience
d. education
320) When planning the program for learning what is
important for the teacher to know?
a. the childs or learners background
b. the learners problems and needs
c. the learners abilities and interest
d. all of the above

a. The person talks about something important or


significant.
b. The person understands what he is talking
about.
c. The person talks about those that are
perceived by the senses not only by the person
who experience them but also by others who
can verify them.
d. All the above.
329) According to Herbartian psychology the chief
characteristic of the mind is its power of___.
a. assimilation
c. intellectualization
b. abstraction
d. conceptualization

321) Which of the following statements is consistent with


the basic principles guiding pupil learning?
a. the child is the beginning, the center, and the
end goal of the learning process.
b. The child is a unique individual, meaning no
two children are alike because every child has
characteristics distinctly his own.
c. The child should be accepted for what he is:
his personality should be respected.
d. All of the above

330) We owe our idea of universal, elementary


education to the ___.
a. Reformation
c. Humanism
b. Renaissance
d. Scholasticism

322) Which of the following groups of individual look


upon education as changed behavior?
a. anthropologists
c. physiologists
b. sociologists
d. all of these

332) What propagation devices are used by a person


who presents only one side of an issue especially
the side favorable to what he supports of
represents?
a. card stacking
c. bandwagon
b. glittering generally d. name calling

323)

Human social life is the product of ____.


a. biological heredity c. the group and culture
b. natural environment d. none of these

324) Kilpatrickian (referring to William Kilpatrick) is


essentially associated with ___.
a. the project method c. intrinsic motivation
b. purposeful activity d. all of these
325) The idea that education is primarily a method of
helping the individuals adjust to his environment
stems from the ____.
a. sociological foundations of education
b. philosophical foundations of education
c. scientific foundations of education
d. psychological foundations of education
326) The contemporary educational view fundamentally
manifests ____.
a. an eclectic tendency c. sociological bias
b. psychological trend
d.
philosophical
inclination
327) Who was the educational theorist who propounded
the idea that all children are born good but society
makes them bad?
a. Jean Jacques Rousseau
b. John Locke
c. Thomas Habbes
d. none of the above
328) What does a sense-realist or a pragmatist mean
when he says that a person talks sense?

331) The educational theory upholding the idea that


sensory experience is the only source of knowledge
is associated with ___.
a. empiricism
c. scholasticism
b. idealism
d. none of these

333) The tendency to regard learning as a set of


processes by which an organism is modified by the
responses it makes to stimuli is indicative of ___.
a. sociological influence
b. philosophical influence
c. scientific influence
d. psychological bias
334) How group integration in a school system be
sustained?
a. through independent or common pupil and
faculty activity
b. by consensus
c. by building good morale
d. all of the above
335)

What are the acquired human needs that are


a. build largely around the ego?
b. the desire to belong to the group
c. desire to be accepted and loved by the group
d. desire to enjoy good standing in the group
e. all the above

336)

What is personality a function of?


a. Personality is a function of the expectations of
social situations.
b. Personality is a function of social situations.
c. Personality is a function of the self.
d. A and B.

337) The personality of education based on knowledge


of the activities and development of the human
mind are indicators of the influence of ___.

Page 19 of 104
a. rational psychology
b. realistic philosophy
c. naturalistic movement
d. none of the above
338) In the transfer of learning, this theory asserts that
the skill or training gained in the study of one
subject will improve the performance of the same
skill in the study of another subject. This theory is
known as .
a. mental discipline
b. theory of generalization
c. theory of identical elements
d. theory of configuration
339) It is a theory of learning that a series of responses
are connected until the correct response is
achieved.
a. stimulus-response theory
b. cognitive field theory
c. trial and error theory
d. conditioning theory
340) According to this theory, the stimulus to activity
does not come from within the individual but from
outside.
a. need-drive-incentive theory
b. cue-stimulus theory
c. affective arousal theory
d. psychoanalytic theory
341) This refers to social drives that are acquired,
learned, or derived. It is also the need for social
approval, security, safety, belongingness, love,
esteem, prestige, power and the like.
a. biological and physiological drives
b. psychological drives
c. self-actualization drives
d. all of the above
342) Emotion is the primitive matrix from which all later
mental powers are developed. This theory is
known as
a. Cannon-Dana theory
b. Emergency or conflict theory
c. James-Lange theory
d. Evolutionary theory
343) It is the study of human behavior, of how a person
acts and reacts under different situations,
consciously
or
unconsciously,
mentally,
physiologically, physically, overtly or covertly.
a. Anthropology
c. Philosophy
b. Psychology
d. Sociology
344) Which of the following is true about human growth
and development?
a. growth involves physical changes while
development refers to maturation
b. growth involves growing older, while
development is an increase in height and
weight at all times
c. growth is the process of ripening while
development is the result of training

d. none of the above


345) The unborn fetus appear to be like monsters with
abnormally large heads because
a. the head contains a lot of fluids
b. the pattern of development follows
cephalocaudal trend
c. the head is the most important part of the body
d. human life has not fully developed
346) The period when rapid learning takes place is
known as
a. plateau of learning c. learning curve
b. learning sports
d. learning process
347) The feeling of uneasiness or dislike against new
culture is known as
a. enculturation
c. acculturation
b. culture shock
d. culture orientation
348) The teacher can develop self-concept among her
pupils by
a. letting the child know how bad he was
b. keeping quite about the childs weakness
c. expressing confidence on the childs capability
d. all of the above
349) What is the most basic factor to be considered in
determining a childs readiness to learn?
a. maturation
c. experience
b. methods of instruction
d. age
350) A child who is friendly, cordial and easy to work with
is showing
a. mechanical intelligence
b. social intelligence
c. motor intelligence
d. abstract intelligence
351) A new-born baby is know as
a. neonate
c. an infant
b. fetus
d. a preemie
352) Readiness in the child involves not only maturation
but also
a. adjustment
b. hereditary capabilities
c. independent learning
d. motivation and experience
353) Which of the following is not a psychological need?
a. need for love
c. need for belongingness
b. need for food
d. needs of friends
354) Biological inheritance begins
a. at the birth of the child
b. at the age of one year
c. at the time of conception
d. all the period of infancy
355) Identical twins caused by
a. two sperm cells entering one egg
b. two sperm cells fertilizing two eggs
c. one sperm fertilizing two eggs
d. a fertilized egg separate into two

Page 20 of 104
356) Projection is best defined as
a. a tendency to react to others according to our
motivation
b. an eagerness to discuss personal problems
c. adoption of values of older persons
d. assigning to others negative traits we
ourselves possess
357) Learning in accordance with the view of Thorndike

a. always involves trial and error


b. sometimes involves trial and error
c. never involves trial and error
d. none of the above
358) The method of teaching which aims to correct
errors in the past is
a. remedial
c. development
b. diagnostic
d. corrective
359) With cooperative learning is mind, which does NOT
belong to group?
a. competition
c. collaboration
b. teamwork
d. synergy
360) Which is more of a spatial task for a learner?
a. read a book then write a response
b. examine a statistical chart then write a
response
c. go on a field trip then write a response
d. watch a movie then write a response
361) With the explosion of knowledge, which image of
teacher is unacceptable?
a. Questioner
c. facilitator of learning
b. omniscient teacher d. guide on the side
362) Which question is in the highest level of Blooms
Taxonomy of objectives in the cognitive domain?
a. what could happen if there were no control
groups?
b. Distinguished
between
control
and
experimental groups/
c. Judge the validity of the experimental design
d. What two groups are present in an
experimental design?

366) Which according to Jocano is strength of the


Filipino people?
a. sense of national pride
b. sense of humor
c. sense of historical or national identity
d. sense of commitment to nationalistic ideas
367) Who among the following is genuinely nationalistic?
The citizen who
a. works overseas for the education of his
children
b. uses his skills and capital to generate jobs in
the countryside
c. sings the National Anthem will all his heart
d. salutes the flag as it is raised during the flag
ceremony
368) Which one may help an adolescent discover his
identity?
a. Parents a pursuing in to follow a specific path
b. exploring many different roles in healthy
manner
c. relating to people
d. deciding to follow one path only
369) Each teacher is said to be a trustee of the cultural
and educational heritage of the nation and is under
obligation to transmit such heritage to learners.
Which practice makes him fulfill such obligation?
a. study of the life of Filipino heroes
b. observe continuing professional education
c. use of the latest instructional technology
d. use of interactive teaching strategies
370) What functions are associated with the left-brain?
a. verbal, visual, intuitive
b. verbal, logical, intuitive
c. verbal, logical, detail-oriented
d. verbal, intuitive, detail-oriented
371) According to Piagets theory, in which development
stage can the child do symbolic thinking and go
beyond the connection of sensory information and
physical action?
a. pre-operational
c. formal operational
b. concrete operational d. sensorimotor

363) In what developmental stage is growth is most


rapid?
a. adolescence
c. middle childhood
b. early childhood
d. infancy

372) Which of the 3 id, ego, and superego, consist(s)


of instincts?
a. ego
c. ego & superego
b. superego
d. id

364) What characteristics of a dyslexic child?


a. hard up in writing and spelling
b. attention-getter
c. out of focus
d. hyperactive

373) Which attitude does a Boy Scout who says Bahala


Na and dives into a pool to save a drowning boy
exemplify?
a. a daring attitude
b. a segurista attitude
c. a daring attitude combined with pagmalasakit
d. an I dont care attitude

365) In Piagets concrete operational stage, what is it


that children CAN NOT do?
a. reasoning applied to specific example
b. doing mentally what was just physically done
c. classifying objects into different sets
d. imaging the steps necessary to complete an
algebraic equation

374) Dr. Melgo teaches in a remote multigrade class.


His principal and supervisors seldom visit him. He
teaches when he feels like teaching and not when
he does not feel like teaching. What trait of a good
teacher does he lack?
a. emotional intelligence

Page 21 of 104
b. independent study
c. relating to people
d. deciding to follow one path only
377) If you want a child to eliminate an undesirable
behavior, punish him. This is in accordance with
Thorndikes law of
a.
reward.
c. exercise
b. punishment
d. effect
378) Elpidio, an elementary pupil, read WAS for SAW or
D for P or B. From his reading behavior, one can
say that Elpidio is suffering from
a. dysgraphia
c. dysphasia
b. dyslexia
d. dyspraxia
379)

Elpidio helps his classmates carry heavy books if


their teacher sees him and so praises Elpidio.
Based on Kohlbergs theory of development, in
which level of moral development is Elpidio?
a. non-conventional
c. pre-conventional
b. post-conventional
d. conventional

Dr. Melgo banged the door when he entered the


classroom while the pupils waited nervously to
greet him. He was tense and harsh the pupils.
Later, he tried to encourage t hem to participate but
the children remained quite in their seats. Which
can be best explained the situation?
a. the impact of the non-verbal and verbal
messages of the teacher is the same
b. the teachers verbal communication has not
be interpreted correctly by the pupils
c. the teachers verbal and non-verbal
messages are contradictory
d. the pupils perceptions of the teachers nonverbal behavior did not change
e.
381) Which of the following are implications of growth
and development principles in education?
i. the teacher should endeavor to know her
capacity and her home environment
ii. teachers should respect differences among
children and youth
iii. the predictability of the patterns of
development should guide curriculum
makers and teachers in the sequencing and
choice of learning materials

c. Cliff trying to earn good grades by studying


d. Roel searching in the library for an
assignment
384)

Aimee was not playing originally good at playing


the piano when she first learned it in third grade.
However, through time and practices, she began
becoming very good at it. Which conditioning
theory best describes such progress?
a. Law of repetition
b. Law of practice
c. Law of recency
d. Law of exercise
e. Law of identical

385)

At the end of Piagets concrete operational state, a


child is capable of all the following task, except:
a. class inclusion d. testing hypothesis
b. transitivity
e. resolving conflicts
c. decantation

386)

According to Kohlbergs theory of moral


development individual progress from stage to
stage by:
a. interacting with those whose moral
reasoning is at higher level
b. resolving critical and conflicting psychosocial issues
c. exhibiting socially acceptable behavior
d. seeking approval and avoiding punishment
e. seeking pleasure

387)

Which of the following is a definition of learning


from a behavioral perspective?
a. learning is an observable process that
individuals used to learn and to remember
information
b. learning is taking in, processing,, storing and
receiving perceptual information
c. learning is building new structures upon
these previously learned
d. learning includes how pleasurable or how
painful consequences of behavior change
individuals behavior overtime
e. learning is change of behavior in the
individual

388)

Which of the following is an example of metacognitive skills?


a. recalling a name
b. listening skill
c. planning and effective study strategy
d. reading a poem aloud
e. baking a cake

389)

The forms of behavior that violate the norms are


called
a. flaunters
d. non-social
b. deviants
e. moves
c. defiant

390)

When we say that Ilocanos are thrifty and


industrious, the Tagalogs are progressive and
proud, the Bicolanos are friendly, we are making
use of
a. stereotypes
d. prejudice

380)

a. I, ii
b. I, iii
382)

383)

c. ii, iii
d. I, ii, iii

Which of the following is an example of learning?


a. an infant cries when he is hungry
b. a student wears here lucky skirt during a
test
c. an adolescent became ill after being
exposed to influenza
d. a girl playing bahay-bahayan
What is the strongest implication of the theory of
classical conditioning theory of Pavlov?
a. Gina having stomach ache before the
Geometry class
b. Ben wanting to participate in class for more
popularity

Page 22 of 104
b. epithets
c. eikucentrism
391)

Which of this chronology characterizes the period


of babyhood?
i. babyhood is the true foundation of age
ii. babyhood is an age of rapid growth and
change
iii. babyhood is an age of decreasing
dependency
iv. babyhood is the beginning of
socialization
v. babyhood is the beginning of sex-role
typing
a. i, ii, iii and iv
b. ii. Iii. Iv and v
c. i. Iii, iv and v

392)

e. culture shock
396)

Some preschoolers have difficulty to read at the


early stage of schooling because they:
a. can not see small objects or letter
b. do not have binocular vision
c. are near sighted
d. can not focus on or scan a line of print
e. are far-sighted

397)

In teaching gender issues, knowledge should be


based on an established research about genderrelated differences.
Which of the following
statements about gender-related differences is
correct?
a. females have greater verbal ability
b. male have better visual-spatial skills
c. male excel in mathematical skills
d. male are more aggressive
e. all of the above-statements are correct

398)

A 9-year old girl is brought to the school


physicians office for a physical check up. She has
no history of significant problems. When the school
nurse ask the child and mother about the childs
best friend, the school is assessing:
a. language development
b. motor development
c. neurological development
d. social development
e. emotional development

399)

The mother tells the school nurse that the child is


continually telling jokes and riddles to the point of
driving the other family members crazy. The school
nurse should explain that this behavior is a sign
of:\
a. inadequate parental attention
b. mastery of language
c. inappropriate peer influence
d. excessive television watching
e. too much confidence

400)

The theory of human needs was authored by:


a. Piaget
d. Freud
b. Maslow
e. Eirckson
c. Dunn

401)

The proponent of the psychosexual theory is:


a. Piaget
d. Freud
b. Maslow
e. Eirckson
c. Dunn

402)

The psycho-social theory was of :


a. Piaget
d. Freud
b. Maslow
e. Eirckson
c. Dunn

403)

The theorist who believes that each stage of


development has a personality crisis involving a
major conflict that is critical at the time, is:
a. Piaget
d. Freud
b. Maslow
e. Eirckson
c. Dunn

d. i, ii, iv and v
e. i, ii, iii, iv, and v

There are found chronological forms normally


appearing in the development pattern of earning to
talk, namely:
i. crying
iv. gesturing
ii. babbling
v. emotional expression
iii. yelling
a. i, ii, iii, and iv
b. ii, iii, iv and v
c. I, iii, iv and v

e. dual-career families

d. ii, iii, and v


e. i, ii, iv and v

393)

Which chronological development below


characterizes the nature of socialization during the
early childhood?
i. during this state the child does not play more with
other children, but also talks more with them
ii. as a general rule, during the preschool years,
children find social contacts with members of the
opposite sex more pleasurable than those with
members of the same sex
iii. as a social contacts increases, young children
engage in cooperative play, play in which the
yare part of the group and interact with group
members
iv. at this age children engage in parallel play, play in
which young children play independently beside
other children rather than with them.
a. i,ii, and iv
b. iii and iv
c. ii, iii and iv

394)

395)

d. i, ii, and iii


e. i, iii, and iv

Which of the following factors is probably the


MOST crucial to successful child rearing?
a. presence of educational toys at home
b. presence of other siblings
c. adults emotional and verbal responsiveness
d. high socio-economic status
e. presence of nutritious food
A factor that may contribute to higher incidence of
child abuse in the Philippines is common
acceptance of :
a. spanking and other physical punishment\
b. mental illness
c. economic status of the family
d. size of the family

Page 23 of 104
404)

The theorist who view that the development of the


mind as occurring thru adaptation to the
environment via assimilation and accommodation:
a. Piaget
d. Freud
b. Maslow
e. Eirckson
c. Dunn

405)

Piaget is famous for this:


a. human needs theory
b. psychosexual theory
c. physical growth theory
d. psychosocial theory
e. cognitive theory

406) The hereditary traits acquired by a person in his


lifetime.
a. are transmissible to his offspring
b. reappear in his future grandchildren
c. have no influence on the offspring at all
d. become recessive traits
407) What do students develop when they are given a
chance to settle differences of opinion?
a. fair play
c. irritants
b. tolerance
d. sociability
408) What action must schools do against teenagers
gang age?
a. provide the gang all the freedom it needs
b. gives classrooms activities to give directions to
out-of-school youth activities
c. supervise gang activities
d. set up norms of conduct for the members of
the gang
409)
a
b
c
d

Which statement is NOT needed to attain


learners interest in learning activities?
the activity must lead to practical end
the activity must be within the ability of
learner
the activity must fill a need recognized by
learner
the learner must have the experience that
furnish the background for the activity

the
the
the
will

410) What is the reaction of the shop teacher upon


seeing the tools scattered?
a thats very kind of you
b leave your tools alone
c its all right, you may go
d return your tools to the property clerk
411) Of the following Filipino traits, which is not a
hindrance for progressive learning?
a Hiya
c. compadre system
b Sensibility
d. utang na loog
412) A special liking or inclination for a particular type of
undertaking.
a Interest
c. attitude
b Goal
d. none of these
413) Boyets family is very poor. His father is the sole
provider for the seven children. Boyet wants to take
a college degree. However, he has no means but to

join a neighborhood notorious gang. He is following


which life principle?
a Do what is right always
b The means fails to justify the end
c Double standard effect
d The Golden Rule
414) A mother who is an OFW (Overseas Filipino Worker)
regularly sends money to her family here. Her
children are enrolled in an exclusive and almost
always hold parties. What moral principle is
observed?
a double standard of living
b the Golden rule
c do whats right always
d the means fails to justify the end
415) Maria works for a volunteer group that caters to the
needs of dying individuals like Sofia. Maria talks
with Sofia and his family to prepare them to her
demises. Maria believes in what principle?
a death is inevitable. It must be recognized
b always do what is light
c double effect principle
d the means fails to justify the end
416) The Republic of the Philippines is
a is a small island
b consist of 7,100 island and 72 million people
c anew Republic
d a very rich country
417) The Pope official residence in the Philippines.
a Malacanang Palace
b The Manila Hotel
c The Apostolic Nunciature
d The Convent of the Manila Cathedral
418) Who were the three Catholic princes of the Church
promoted by Pope John Paul II to Cardinal
positions?
a Jaime Sin, Jose C. Manalo, and Pedro C.
Aglipay
b Jose Bucaneg, Pablo San Paolo and Juan
C. Julio
c Jaime C. Sin. Ted Buhain, and Teodoro
Bacani
d Jaime Cardinal Sin, Ricardo Cardinal Vidal
and Jose Cardinal Sanchez
419) Pope John Paul IIs favorite expression is Totus
Tuus, which means _____ in Latin.
a Well be with you
b Man is valuable
c God loves you
d All I am is for the service of the Lord
420) Time magazine has featured Pope John Paul Ii as
Man of the Year a few years ago. He was also
considered as Man of the Century. For what
reason?
a placing value on human life and the
dignification of man
b traveling extensively
c initiating the celebration of the World Youth
Day

Page 24 of 104
d

waving and blessing the people at all times

421) The mutual respect and cooperation between the


church and the government, contained in a
document signed on March, 1993.
a The Social Pact
b The Mutual Friends
c Church and Government Together Pact
d The Pact for Mutual Respect
422) Through the World Youth Day, Pope John Paul Ii
honors the youth. In the summer of 1997, where the
11th World Youth Day held?
a South Africa
c. Paris, France
b Beijing, China
d. Hu Chi Ming
423) Her composition Tell the World of His Love became
the official theme of the 1995 world Youth Day.
a Jamie Rivera
c. Regine Velasquez
b Carol Banawa
d. Tricia Bellamede
424) His book Crossing the Threshold of Hope became
a bestseller.
a Father Teodoro Bacani
b Father Bonifacio Barroflo
c Daniel Battle
d Pope John Paul II
425) A former Portuguese colony, which was annexed by
Indonesia in 1976. The issue is considered still open
or controversial.
a East Timor
c. Sri Lanka
b Papua New Guinea
d. Australia
426) The Russian physicist whose experiment showed
that certain stimuli elicited reflex action like salivation
of a dog in anticipation of feeding.
a Ivan Petrovich Pavlov c. Leonard Mconahon
b Albert Bandura
d. Abraham Maslow
427) The Swiss psychologist who gave the importance of
early cognitive development through four periods in
child growth and development.
a S. Tolonsky
c. Richard Walter
b Jean Piaget
d. Sigmund Freud
428) He popularized the Connectionism and Trial and
Error theories of learning.
a Edward C. Thorndike
b William Craig
c B. j. Underwood
d Froebel
429) Using chimpanzee as the study specimen, he was
able to theorize that insight learning is possible
where the organism could reconstruct his perceptual
pattern into a new one. Who was he?
a Wolfgang Kohler c. Poster Helgard
b Edward Tolman
d. Petrovich Gang
430) What should be the proper position of the Philippine
flag when displayed vertically against a wall.
a the red is the right side
b the blue is at the left side
c the red is down
d the blue is up

431) He was the American President who said, people


dont support you because they like you. You can
count on a persons support if you can do something
for him or to him. Who was he?
a Lyndon Johnson c. John Kennedy
b Richard Nixon
d. Bill Clinton
432) Group work facilitates learning. It allows each
member of the group to respond to the task at hand
the way he/she thinks. What is practiced here?
a respect for others c. social tolerance
b social interaction d. social respect
433) Pep actions and expressions like you are doing
well, nice work and a pat on the shoulder support
what motivational principle being used?
a positive motivation brings better results
b negative motivation produces negative
results
c goals should be set
d appropriate behavior is wholesome
434) Reciting the alphabet and number sequence
especially in preschool, even done without much
understanding develops remembering later. What
mental process does the teacher develop in the
practice?
a thinking reflectively c. rote associations
b logical sequence
d. analysis skill
435) As a progressive principal, Dr. Elpidio A. Melgo
separates Julie, Julio, and Julian, identical triplet in
separate classes. What principles of learning does
he practice?
a each child is unique and is given a chance to
develop his identity
b each child must not depend on each other
c each child must be competitive
d let the triplet progress as they please
436) Described by Sigmund Freud, when a daughter
becomes too attached to her father and consider her
mother a rival
a oedipal complex
c. Achilles heel
b electra complex
d. persecution complex
437) To effect change, which one of the following is NOT
effective?
a regard punishment to produce positive
b results
c reinforce good behavior with a reward
d disapprove negative behavior out rightly
e ignore whatever behavior is shown
438) The City of Manila is used to be the center for
business and education. To restore its glorious past
grandeur much effort is now channeled to develop it.
What is the famous seal of Manila?
a Combat
c. the flag
b Merlios
d. Bayan-Hinirang
439) Plateau of learning is the period when very little
learning takes place in the child. How can this
period be reduced?
a through motivation called extrinsic

Page 25 of 104
b
c
d
e

approaches
through drill
through the use
experiences
through negligence

of

varied

learning

440) It is extended to make up for the harm done to


someone.
a Collusion
c. compensation
b Reward
d. award
441) Researches established that complete coordination
of motor activities is attained at
a pre-natal stage c. adolescence state
b childhood stage d. infancy
442) Children consider parents and teachers as
authorities and models at the early childhood stage.
What does this statement imply?
a parents should enforce strict discipline at
home at teachers in school
b teachers and parents should serve as role
models at all times
c teachers
should
demand
complete
obedience from the learners in school
d parent-teacher conference should always be
an activity in school
443) The levels and type of abilities in adolescence will
be maintained or enhanced in adulthood depending
on such factors as: A) education, B) experiences,
C) cognitive activities, and D) social activities.
Which combination of abilities is maintained or
enhanced?
a A-B-C
c. A and C
b A-B-C-D
d. B and C
444) It was revealed in Termans studies of superior
children that moral and personal trait superiority is
significantly marked. Which of these is the
appropriate activity of teacher?
a expose this group to moral and personal
experiences
b distribute the activities of this group equally
between moral and personal
c limit the experiences of this group to
personal growth
d provide this group with more experiences in
school other than moral and personal
445) This is the stage when the learner becomes
confused and starts to experience identity crisis.
Which of these stages is it?
a early childhood c. adolescence
b late childhood d. adult stage
446) Which of the following statements is TRUE
regarding the level of mental maturity necessary for
a learner to profit from opportunities?
a it can be determined by readiness test
b it may be reached at the age of seven
c it varies from task
d it can approximately be reached at the age
of five

447) If children are cooperatively engaged with the


teacher in a group project the children will discipline
themselves as each member of the group exercises.
a obedience to the teacher
b special interest
c peer influence
d moral compulsion
448) A student collapsed in her Social Studies class. It
was found out that he did not eat her lunch. What
principle is shown in this situation?
a physiological need c. safety needs
b somatotonic
d. psychological needs
449) Which of the following will trigger additional
development if a child is exposed to more
challenges and stimuli in his surroundings?
a Potentials
c. emotional development
b Intelligence
d. interests
450) Social stratification is greatly developed in the
classroom. Which of these activities would be an
effective way of avoiding or minimizing this?
a avail the influence of mass media for
children of all classes
b assign leadership roles to the children of the
upper social class
c provide limited experience to children of less
privileged classes
d encourage higher educational aspirations
among the less privileged pupils
451) Which of these statements best explains why an
athletic coach training college students for an
intercollegiate tournament in weightlifting would do
well to select his prospective contestants from the
high school group?
a muscular strength continues to grow
reaching its peak at age 20
b muscular strength reaches its peak at age 17
and stabilizes at age 20
c muscular strength depends upon the
proportion of muscles and fat which
stabilizes after the age 20
d muscular strength reaches full maturation
after the age 20
452) Which of the following
most important factor
classroom behavior?
a Intelligence
b Heredity

is usually considered the


in a childs observable
c. cultural background
d. self-concept

453) If a resilient child with superior intelligence is reared


in a poor environment the probable outcome would
be
a mental retardation since he is culturally
deprived
b great change in IQ because he is culturally
deprived
c no change in IQ because environmental
deprivation has nothing to do with
intelligence
d slight change in IQ although he can
overcome frustration and obstacles

Page 26 of 104
454) In a classroom it is possible to see the teacher doing
the following to facilitate learning.
i. the class reads a workbook on the
ii. characteristics of animals
iii. the teacher shows posters of animals
iv. the class goes out to the zoo observe
the animals
v. the class copies the characteristics of
animals from books
Which of these teachers activities reflects an interactive
environment?
a. II and III only
b. I and IV only

c. I and II only
d. III only

455) A teacher who subscribes to the pragmatic


philosophy of education believes that experience
should follow learning. In her teaching, she
therefore exerts effort in
a. requiring learners full mastery of the lessons
b. encouraging learners to memorize factual
knowledge
c. equipping learners with the basic abilities
and skills
d. providing learners opportunities to apply
theories and principles
456) Which of these teaching is PRIMARILY directed to
support the psychological developmentalist view of
making the child the center of the educational
process through the applications of its laws of
learning?
a. development of the child from within
b. systematic formulation of methods
c. use of effective media technology
d. promotion
of
the
childs
social
unconsciousness
457) Social adjustment means the ability to behave in
accordance with
a social expectations
c. social unrest
b stereotyped behavior
d. universal
norms
458) Which of these theories holds that human activity is
based on the interaction of stimuli and responses?
a Association
c. cognitive-field
b Vector
d. social learning
459) Manual-aesthetic activities involving attitudes and
feelings are primarily expressive of emotions and
values not thoughts. An example of his motor skill is

a baking a cake with background music


b manipulating a bowling ball to achieve a
strike
c dancing and playing musical instruments
d saving a board for the wall of a book cabinet
460) Freud expounded that there is a period when young
boys experience rivalry with their father for their
mothers affection. This is
An adolescent combines his ability to use
deductive and inductive reasoning is constructing

realistic rules that he can respect and live by. When


he does this, how does he perceive his environment?
a
b
c
d

he sees the world and himself through the


eyes of other people
he sees events apart from himself and other
people
may take place formally or informally to
enable the individual to grow
may take place anywhere and anytime the
individual do desires

461) The tendency to imitate elders is very strong in the


early childhood stage. Teachers should therefore be
very good
a role models
c. facilitators of learning
b counselors
d. disciplinarians
462) The child can not distinguish abstracts during the
sensory-motor period of development. Which of
these techniques should a teacher apply to
accommodate learning?
a utilize concrete objects to clarify concept
b make use of individualize instruction
c explain the lesson very well
d provide variety of educational toys
463) Psychologically, there is unity in all learning;
however, there are distinct types of learning that are
recognized. One is affective learning that involves
a understanding of the external world through
the use of the senses
b formation of concepts and ideas
c acquisition of attitudes, ideals, judgment and
values
d acquisition of facts and information
464) Which of these systems of learning includes ways
and methods, which are used in preserving and
building certain traditions within cultural
communities?
a indigenous learning
b cultural learning
c multi-level learning
d non-formal learning
465) Studies revealed some findings relative to the
mental abilities of delinquent and non-delinquent
children. Which of these is TRUE?
a there are marked differences between the
performance of non-delinquent and
delinquent children.
b Non-delinquent children are somewhat
brighter than delinquent children
c There are no significant differences between
the performance of delinquent and nondelinquent children
d Delinquent children are slightly brighter than
non-delinquent children but not significant
466) Identical twins are more alike than fraternal twins.
Which of the following statements/principles is
supported by this?
a heredity has a part in determining
intelligence

Page 27 of 104
b
c
d

intelligence is determined partly by pre-natal


nutrition
environment affects both fraternal and
identical twins
intelligence hinges in physical structure

467) Childrens interests are generally largely dependent


on their experiences. Which of the following is an
implication of this statement?
a the curriculum should provide vital
experiences if the school must use its
opportunities to develop interest.
b A large part of the subject matter has to be
easy if they are to interesting and within the
learners experience.
c The experience of the child reduces the area
in which the school may choose to develop
interests.
d The school should not develop interest
outside the experience of the child.

a
b

connectionism theory c. law of effect


law of readiness
d. conditioning theory

474) Pavlovs well-known experiment demonstrated the


formation or straightening of an association between
salivation is a dog and the sound of a buzzer
through the repeated simultaneous presentation of
the buzzer with the stimulus for salivation, namely
food, which serves to reinforce the association.
a Excitation
c. spontaneous recovery
b Extinction
d. respondent conditioning
475) It is a process in which the individuals attention and
interest are aroused and directed toward definite
goals.
a Motivation
c. evaluation
b Generalization d. application

468) Which of these processes can be used to prevent


forgetting and unlearning?
a Motivation
c. evaluation
b Presentation
d. drills and review

476) There are motivations, which may be applied by a


teacher in motivating students to learn. One is a
force that arises from outside the individual such as
honors, monetary rewards, medals and the like.
This force refers to:
a extrinsic motivator c. extensive motivator
b intrinsic motivator d. intensive motivator

469) The adolescence wants independence; yet he has a


strong desire for security. He wants to feel secure in
the affection and regard of his peers and of adults.
That is, he wants to be secured
a physically and socially
b spiritually and physically
c mentally and emotionally
d emotionally and socially

477) In all social groupings members are classified


according to certain criteria, which may differ
according to the nature of the group. One of the
systems by which men are ranked higher or lower
according to the value accorded their various social
roles and activities.
a social gratification c. social stratification
b social grace
d. social differentiation

470) The problem of meeting adequately all the needs of


a learner in education becomes the task of the
teacher. For this task to be effectively accomplished,
the teacher has to be aware of the nature and extent
of the school learners differences, how they affect
teaching and learning. In the developmental theory,
this refers to:
a family differences
b community differences
c individual differences
d sex differences

478) Sociologists have long recognized difference ingroups and have used these differences as the
bases for group classification. It is relatively smaller
in size than gang. It comes into being when two or
more persons are related to one another in an
intimate fellowship that involves going out together,
doing things together, exchanging intimate personal
matters involving emotional sentimental situations:
a gang
c. playmate
b peer
d. clique

471) As the individual emerges from the sheltered life


within the home toward an expanded social and
physical environment, new problems arise and
additional needs and wants appear. During this time
boys and girls need very urgently.
a physical adjustment
b social adjustment
c emotional adjustment
d. spiritual adjustment
472) According to this theory, human activities are based
on association between stimuli and responses. This
theory has been called the S-R bond. These terms
refers to:
a connectionism theory
c. law of effect
b law of readiness
d. conditioning theory
473) It states that when a person is prepared to respond
or act, giving the responses is satisfying and being
prevented from doing so is annoying.

479) Which of these attitudes helps the individual to


endure suffering, poverty, sickness, tragedy and bad
luck?
This attitude enables one to accept
resignation and tolerance to pain and frustrations.
This attitude that still persists is called:
a. fatalism
c. non-rationalism
b. animism
d. euphemism
480) This attitude denotes a sense of gratitude. This
values system comprises a network of behavior with
different degrees of connotation. It is a complicated
system of mutual; obligation. Everybody owes a
debt of gratitude to someone; everyone in some way
had done something for someone who therefore
owes him in return. This value is referred to as:
a ningas cogon
c. fiesta syndrome
b manana habit
d. utang na loob
481) It is something that grows and changes with the
passage of time. It is the complex whole that

Page 28 of 104
includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, customs
and other capabilities and habits acquired by man as
a member of society. This is referred to as:
a culture
c. learning
b experience
d. education
482) When planning the program for learning what is
important for the teacher to know?
a the childs or learners background
b the learners problems and needs
c the learners abilities and interest
d all of the above
483) Which of the following statement is consistent wit the
basic principles of guiding pupil learning?
a the child is the beginning, the center, and the
end-goal of the learning process
b the child is a unique individual, meaning no
two children are alike because every child
has characteristics distinctly his own
c the child should be accepted for what he is:
his personality should be respected
d all of the above
484) Which of the following groups of individual look upon
education as changed behavior?
a Anthropologists
c. physiologists
b sociologists
d. all of the above
485) To meet individual differences of learners, the
teacher should
a provide richly varied activities in her classroom
b use flexible teaching procedures
c make the organization of learning experience
flexible
d all of the above
486) According to the traditionalist view
a education should prepare the child for adults
life or life hereafter
b children should be grounded in the rules of
conduct which help ensure the eternal
reward
c children must adjust to the established
institutions of society
d all of the above
487) The process of abstraction involves
a labeling as real that which exists
empirically
b defining in terms of observable
c making inferences based on the behavior of
the observable
d generalizing
e all of the above
488) In a school where the childs or learners interests
are the primary concern of the teachers, we find
school administrators who are
a progressivists
c. experimentalists
b pragmatists
d. all of the above
489) What is personality? It is
a a social respect
b the totality of impressions one makes on
others

c
d

something that covers values as well as


aspects of behavior
all of the above

490) Human social life is the product of


a biological heredity c. the group and culture
b natural environment d. all of the above
491) Kilpatrickian (referring to William Kilpatrick) is
essentially associated with
a the project method c. intrinsic motivation
b purposeful activity
d. all of the above
492) The idea that education is primarily a method of
helping the individual adjust to his environment
stems from the
a sociological foundation of education
b philosophical foundation of education
c scientific foundation of education
d psychological foundation of education
493) The contemporary educational view fundamentally
manifests
a an eclectic tendency
b psychological trend
c a sociological bias
d a philosophical inclination
494) The tendency to regard learning as a set of
processes by which an organism is modified by the
responses it makes to stimuli is indicative of
a sociological influence
b philosophical influence
c scientific influence
d psychological bias
495) What are the acquired human needs that are built
largely around the ego?
a the desire to belong to the group
b desire to be accepted and loved by the
group
c desire to enjoy good standing in the group
d all of the above
496) What is personality a function of
a personality is a function of he expectations
of social situations
b personality is a function of social situations
c personality is a function of the self.
d A and B
497) Human growth and development are differentiated
in the sense that
a. growth usually involves physical changes
while development refers to learning
maturation
b. growth involves learning while development
is an increase in height and weight at the
time
c. growth is the process of ripening while
development is always the result of
instruction and training
d. none of these

Page 29 of 104
498) Why do unborn fetus and newly born babies appear
to be like monster with abnormally large heads?
This could be due to t he fact that:
a. the head consists of lot of fluids in the head
b. the pattern of development starts with the
head downward
c. the head is the most important part of the
body
d. human life has not fully developed yet
499)

Even among identical twins, brothers and sisters,


teacher should not compare their abilities because
a. every individual is unique
b. comparisons can arouse feelings of hostility
and anger
c. comparisons can lead to unnecessary
pressures
d. all of these

507)

Learning takes place as a whole in a form of


generalization according to the theory of the
a. Connectionists c. Gestaltists
b. Behaviorists
d. Psychoanalysts

508)

A period when peak of learning takes place is


known as
a. learning curve
c. learning spurts
b. plateau of learning d. learning process

509)

A psychological instrument used to determine hw


popular or unpopular a pupil is known as
a. Sociogram
c. checklist
b. anecdotal record
d. questionnaire

510)

A type of psychological defense mechanism which


consists of giving explanations for our behavior,
explanations that often seem to quite logical, but
that do not get at the real cause is
a. displace hostility
c. repression
b. rationalization
d. regression

500) The developmental period of storms and stresses


when children rebel against their parents is during
a. early childhood c. adolescence
b. late childhood
d. early adulthood
501) In what development stage are the fundamental
skills in reading, writing and calculating developed
according to Havighurst?
a. early childhood c. adolescence
b. late childhood d. early adulthood

511) An IQ which range from 70 to 85 is usually believed


to be in the intellectual level of
a. normal
c. dull normal
b. superior
d. moron
512)

A person who classified the hierarchy needs of


man into basic physiological needs and security,
love, esteem and self-actualization was
a. Maslow
c. James
b. Roger
d. Thorndike

513)

Which of the following is a practical application of


Thorndikes law of readiness?
a. pupils must be frequently exposed to drills,
practices
b. pupils must be motivated first before my
lesson starts
c. pupils must be praised for their good work
d. pupils must be punished for their
misbehavior

514)

What type of education is usually intended for outof-school which consist vocational-technical skills
training?
a. non-formal education
b. formal education
c. informal education
d. liberal education

515)

A type of group which one has feeling of


indifference, strangeness, avoidance, dislike,
antagonism and even hatred
a. in group
c. peer group
b. out group
d. reference group

516)

Which of the following describes the nature of the


Philippine value system?
a. to maintain harmony with nature and people
b. to avoid disagreement, conflicts by
maintaining
smooth
interpersonal
relationship
c. economic mobility an social acceptance
d. all of these

502) According to Erikson, identity crisis or identity vs.


role confusion occurs during the ages of
a. 3 to 6 years
c. 12 to 18 years
b. 6 to 12 years
d. 18 to 21 years
503) In Kholbergs moral development theory, judgment
about what is right or wrong is based on
consequences such as punishment. This happens
during
a. pre-conventional morality
b. conventional morality
c. post-conventional morality
d. in any of the stages
504)

Learning how to operate and observe under a


microscope is a
a. sensory-motor type of learning
b. effective type of learning
c. cognitive type of learning
d. association type of learning

505) Learning is a matter of habit formation of getting


used to it, according to the theory of Pavlov known
as
a. Gestaltism
b. Functionalism
c. Stimulus response-connectionism
d. Conditioning
506)

A persons or animals learning is reinforced when


there is a reward that follows after a successful act.
This is according to the theory of
a. operant conditioning
b. classical conditioning
c. cognitive theory
d. affective theory

Page 30 of 104
517)

An intense feeling that ones culture is more


superior than other peoples is known as
a. ethnocentrism c. hydrophobia
b. xenophobia
d. protectionism

518)

Customary ways of behaving which have become


habitual and repetitive to a number of individuals of
a group is known as
a. folkways
c. folktales
b. mores
d. ethnic ways

519)

A type of social status which is acquired or earned


by birth as in the case of the royal families handing
down automatically the royal titles to their children
a. ascribed status c. innate status
b. achieved status d. earned status

520) Studies of Robert Fox in 1977 tend to show that the


first man reached the Philippines during the
a. Middle Pleistocene period, 4-5 thousand
years ago
b. Early Pleistocene period
c. Late Pleistocene period
d. Pre-Pleistocene period

528) The teacher can help develop self-concept among


her pupils by
a. letting the child know how bad, stupid, and a
failure he was.
b. Keeping quiet about the childs limitation
c. Expressing confidence on the
childs
capability punishing
d. Punishing
529)

530) What term is used to refer to internal stimulus


condition of the organism, which impels it to activity?
a. Motives
c. motivation
b. school phobia d. incentive
531)

a. obsession
b. school phobia

There are many factors to consider in determining


the childs readiness for learning. Which of these is
the most basic?
a. maturation
b. experience
c. methods and materials of instruction
d. emotional
attitudes
and
personal
adjustments

533)

Learning is due to maturation and training. Which


of the laws is highly related to it?
a. law of use
c. law of effect
b. law of annoyance
d. law of readiness

534)

During the sensorimotor period, the child develops


a functional understanding of many things. Which of
these does not belong to these?
a. imitation play
c. space and time
b. causality objects d. concentration

535)

When teaching Math, the teacher provides


situations where the pupils discovered the meaning
of square. What then may the pupils form?
a. process concept c. quality concept
b. structural conceptd. cluster concept

523) There are different factors that affect intelligence.


Which of these refers to the pathological conditions?
a. Heredity
c. brain
b. Race
d. emotion
The lowest IQ indicated in the intelligence scale is
a. moron
b. imbecile
525)

526)

c. idiot
d. feeble-minded

The individuals basic outlooks, values and ideals


are to a great except shape during
a. neonate
c. childhood
b. childhood
d. adolescence
The cycle of human development includes the
following stages mentioned below. Which of these
stages should come first?
a. Adulthood
c. childhood
b. Infanthood
d. adolescent

527) One inherits certain traits from ones parents but he


is not the real replica of his parents. This explains
the principle of heredity which is the principle of
a. variation
c. reproduction
b. uniformity
d. filial regression

c. neutralism
d. hypochondriac

532)

522) The feelings of uneasiness, disbelief, dislike against


any new culture is known as
a. enculturation
c. acculturation
b. culture shock
d. amalgamation

A child who is overprotected or rejected may suffer

521) The most significant findings of Robert Fox was the


discovery of the
a. Tabon skull in Palawan in 1962
b. Aetas or Negritos
c. Working tools or implements of our
ancestors
d. Its Skull

524)

Which of the following will directly satisfy biological


drives?
a. Water
c. economic security
b. Oxygen
d. sleep

536) Which of these listed needs does not belong to the


sociogenic type?
a. Thirst
c. security
b. Status
d. independence
537) The most scientific school of psychology is
a. behaviorism
c. structuralism
b. Gestaltism
d. functionalism
538) A child who can execute difficult dance steps, throw
and catch a ball skillful play several games is said to
have
a. mechanical intelligence
b. abstract intelligence
c. motor intelligence
d. social intelligence

Page 31 of 104
539)

A child who is cordial, friendly and helpful with


whom people like, has a high capacity for
a. mechanical intelligence
b. social intelligence
c. motor intelligence
d. abstract intelligence

540) Which of the four emotional behavior pattern will be


the reaction in pleasant situation?
a. destruction
c. retreat
b. approach
d. stopping of response
541) When a younger reverts to weeping, pouting or
childish play as means of overcoming frustrations,
this mechanism is called
a. repression
c. nomadism
b. regression
d. fantasy
542) Cognitive domain refers to
a. skills
c. values
b. attitude d. knowledge with understanding
543)

The behavior of the child is to large extent


dependent upon his
a. biological inheritance
c. peers
b. environment
d. parents

544) Which of these provide the best reinforcement?


a. use of marks
b. scholarship
c. awarding a model
d. natural interest in the world
545) There are several causes of maladjustment. Which
one is not a sure cause?
a. poverty
c. broken home
b. rejection
d. intelligence
546) The best single criterion of the degree of maturity of
a child is his
a. size
c. bone ossification
b. age
d. skeletal growth
547) Growth is most rapidly rapid proportionally .
a. in the pre-natal months
b. from birth to six
c. from six to twelve
d. n adolescence
548) Growth takes place
a. gradually for the while organism
b. with differential rates for different parts of
the body
c. suddenly by spurts of the whole
d. in serial order of development
549) The different stages of the child growths should be
understood because
a. of the relation of between his physical and
mental status
b. of the wide range of ability
c. his emotional; and social factors affect
growth
d. education fir the growth
550) Adolescence includes the years from

a. 6 to 9
b. 9 to 12

c. 13 to 21
d. 21 to 26

551) By social intelligence we mean


a. ability to get along with people
b. absence of shyness
c. membership in several organizations
d. absence of an inferiority complex
552) Children form gang mainly because of
a. parental laxity
b. rebellion against authority
c. desire for adventure
d. the urge to be independent
553) Delinquency reaches its peak
a. before the teenage
b. in the early and middle teens
c. in the twenties
d. in the thirties
554) The gang generally disintegrates because of
a. hostility between members
b. members become indifferent in size
c. the school prohibits it
d. other interests, particularly in the other sex
555) The best way to help adolescents become socially
mature is to
a. urge them to confide in their parents
b. help them feel free to do as the crowd does
c. give wholesome and adequate social
experiences
d. overcome inferiority feelings and pattern
556) Emotions are significant because they
a. always stimulate thinking
b. preserve our lives
c. are the products of the body
d. are the major fasters in personality
557)

The school causes emotional maladjustment most


often by
a. hard problems and lessons
b. failure in the work
c. opposition from friends
d. lack of guidance

558) The native stimulus for fear is


a. the dark
b. snakes
c. a sudden or starting stimulus
d. being restrained or held
559) Emotions can best be trained by
a. assuming an indifference to disturbing things
b. inhibiting or repressing all emotions
c. avoiding all emotional stimuli
d. attaching satisfaction to desirable emotion
pattern
560) Maladjustment can often be prevented by
a. giving the children more attention
b. speaking of the bad impression his conduct
makes

Page 32 of 104
c. seeing the child is successful in what he
undertakes
d. letting the child strictly alone
561)

Overprotected children will probably develop into


adults who
a. are independent and self-reliant
b. are emotionally mature
c. will protect other children
d. continue to learn on their parent

562) The most serious maladjusted child is one who


a. talk back to his teachers
b. is loud and disorderly
c. in unsocial and withdrawn from others
d. destroys school materials
563)

564)

Making the child ashamed of some habitual


behaviors is most likely to have the effect of
a. eliminating desirable habit without harmful
consequences
b. adding a deep sense of guilt to the
misbehavior
c. causing open rebellion
d. a temporary improvement in conduct and
attitude
The correction of maladjustment in an individual
child is
a. a very complicated and difficult matter
b. an impossible task
c. a rather easy thing
d. a task only for psychiatrists

570) The most widely accepted concept of intelligence is

a. capacity to learn
b. ability to sustain oneself economically
c. ability to control emotion
d. ability to make social contacts
571) A feeble-minded person has an IQ of
a. 80
c. below 70
b. 90
d. 75
572) A gifted person has an IQ of
a. 100
c. 120
b. 110
d. above 130
573)

574) Children who are very bright tend to be


a. physically small and sickly
b. nervous and emotionally unstable
c. shy, timid, and unsocial
d. favorably endowed in more respect
575)

Peoples knowledge, beliefs, arts, morals, laws,


customs and other capabilities and habits known as

a. education
c. culture
b. socialization
d. anthropology

576)

Pre-marital sex is commonly practiced in Western


countries, but considered bad in the Philippines;
what is good for them is bad for us. This means that
culture is
a. adaptive
c. shared
b. dynamic
d. relative

565) Memorization is made more effective by


a. repetition
b. visualization
c. meaningfulness or understanding
d. intensity
566)

Studies of the effect of summer vacation upon


retention indicate that
a. much is forgotten
b. small amount is forgotten
c. nothing is forgotten
d. retention is increased

567) The intention to remember


a. assume mastery
b. adds meaning to the material
c. does nor retard forgetting
d. increased interest and mind-set
568) Over-learning the material
a. increased retention
b. decreases interests
c. makes memory work monotonous
d. increases forgetting
569) A good memory has much value because it
a. gives one a chance to show individuality
b. shows that one is above average in
intelligence
c. increases ones social efficiency
d. indicates clear thinking

The percentage of individuals classified as having


an average of normal intelligence is
a. 50
c. 70
b. 60
d. 80

577) The expression Filipinos operate or live on two


levels of culture, means that Filipinos
a. are influenced by both parental sides
father-mother
b. versatile people who can live whether in the
Philippines or USA
c. influenced by both Western and Asian
culture
d. either good or bad
578)

Whether we like or not, it is impossible to find a


true or pure Filipino music, dance, or belief, because
culture is
a. Diverge
c. relative
b. dynamic-cumulative
d. learned

579) In what sense does culture distinguish man from


animal?
a. man develops culture, arts, laws, etc, while
animals behave according to heir instinct
b. man is superior intellectually than animals
c. man although superior intellectually, is
physically inferior to animals
d. animals can be cultured like human beings
580)

When a Filipino is married to a German, there is a


mixture or blending of two different cultures as

Page 33 of 104
shown in their childrens behavior, this is known as
cultural
a. fusion
c. unification
b. altruism
d. none of these
581) The greatest influence on a child
a. the school environment
b. his or her peers
c. the home environment
d. all of the above
582) Responses accompanied by satisfaction are more
firmly connected with the situation according to the
laws of
a. readiness
c. effect
b. exercise
d. association
583) Which is more important for learning to own?
a. Readiness
c. practice
b. Training
d. context
584) The law is based on the principle that learning is
transferable.
a. Exercise
c. readiness
b. Effect
d. apperception
585) The adolescents powerful tool is the combined
ability to use deductive and inductive reasoning in
constructing realistic rules he can respect and live
by. The adolescence therefore ___.
a. sees events apart from himself and other
people
b. views the world from his own perspective
c. interprets events from a limited view
d. sees the world and himself through the eyes
of other people
586)

When a child develops conventional morality,


his/her behavior is based on ___.
a. personal decisions based on his/her
satisfaction
b. the desire to avoid severe physical
punishment by a superior authority
c. internalized the ideals to avoid selfcondemnation rather than a social censure
d. the expectations of the group or society in
general to gain approval

587) What is the importance or role of the PEER GROUP


in adolescence?
a stops the learning and development of social
roles
b allows the young to stays away from home
c provides the adolescent the time to make
unwise decisions
d allows the young to free himself from too
much dependence on his parents and family
588) A child learns the world FLOWER before he can
name Sampaguita, Gumamela, and Camia because
development _____.
a. is cephalocaudal in nature
b. proceeds from general to specific
c. follows a pattern
d. is a continuous process

589) Why is indoctrinating the child by making decisions


for him dangerous?
a. it will confuse him
b. it will develop in him negative attitudes
c. it will thwart his personality
d. it will make him dependent on the thinking of
others
590) The cognitive process refers to the realization that
even if things change in physical appearance,
certain attributers are constant. This is ____.
a. reservation
c. integration
b. construction
d. conservation
591) The second basic principle of development states
that the rate of the development is unique to each
individual. Educators aptly termed this as the
principle of ____.
a. dynamic change c. individual difference
b. variation
d. uniqueness
592) Learning is strengthened if it results in satisfaction
but is weakened if it leads to annoyance. This is the
Law of ____.
a. exercise
c. readiness
b. effect
d. repetition
593) The level of mental maturity necessary for a pupil to
profit form opportunities to learn ___.
a. may be reached at the age of seven
b. can approximately be reached at the age of
five
c. varies from task to task
d. can be determined by readiness test
594) In which of the following teacher tasks is knowledge
of childrens effective development only of
supplementary significance?
a. understanding ones own emotional reactions
to various types of pupil behavior
b. understanding the emotionally-based causes
of pupil behavior
c. sampling of classroom activities that generate
excitement and happiness
d. helping children overcome negative emotions
595) Educators are aware that no amount of practice and
instruction can make a four-month old child walk or
speak fluently, because the muscular and neural
structures are not yet ready for those skills. These
points to the process called _____.
a. development
c. growth
b. maturation
d. heredity
596) Identical twins are more alike in intelligence than
are fraternal twins. This fact indicates that ____.
a. environment affects both fraternal and identical
twins
b. intelligence is determined partly by prenatal
nutrition
c. heredity has a part in determining intelligence
d. intelligence hinges on physical structure
597) Much of todays classroom practices are influenced
by Skinners operant conditioning, which stresses on
____.

Page 34 of 104
a.
b.
c.
d.

involuntary response to a stimulus


progression of subordinate learning
connection between stimulus and response
reinforcement of correct response

598) Early childhood is characterized by educators as a


period of morality by constraint. This means that
children in this stage consider teacher and parents
as ____.
a authorities and models
b counselors and advisers
c peers and playmates
d facilitators and supervisors
599) Because learning increases directly in proportion to
the extent to which the learner is wholly bound up in
his task, the teacher should give lessons that ____.
a. are fictitious to appeal to their imagination
b. have significance and worth to the child
c. are easy to comprehend
d. portray complex ideas
600)

The major contribution of Kohlbergs moral


development theory is its analysis on the way in
which stages of moral development are closely
related to corresponding cognitive growth. This
points that ___.
a. all individuals completely reach their post
conventional level of maturity
b. as cognitive growth occurs, individuals are
able to solve more complex moral problems
c. adolescents should not be exposed to
contrary moral views
d. school should get children to accept or
conform to societys rule

601) Which of the following corresponds to Kohlbergs


post-conventional or principled level of moral
development?
a right action consists of what instrumentally
satisfies ones own needs
b right action is defined by the decision of
conscience in accordance with self-chosen
universal ethical principles
c good behavior is based on the physical
consequences of action
d good behavior is that which pleases or helps
others or is approved by them
602) In Kohlbergs stage 6 of Post Conventional Morality,
the individuals judgment is based on ___.
a. standards/norms and expectations of the group
b. the arbitrariness of social and legal
conventions
c. both social standards and internalized ideas
d. external criteria-standards of right and wrong
which are laid down by authority
603) The relationship between education and culture
tends to be cyclical. This means that ____.
a the school is shaped by culture and culture
in turn is influenced by the school
b the school function is primarily as a
transmitter of culture and is a change agent
c the school becomes the avenue through
which the individuals learn their culture

culture is transmitted by the school system,


and the classroom is the place where
transmission takes place

604) An athletic coach training college students for an


intercollegiate tournament in weight-lifting would do
well to select his prospective contestants from the
high school group because muscular strength ____.
a. reaches its peak at age 17 and stabilize till age
20
b. continues to grow reaching its peak at age 20
c. reaches fill maturity after age 20
d. depends upon the proportion of muscles and
fat which stabilizes after age 20
605) Teachers should bear in mind that the period of
greatest mental development is from ___.
a 3 to 6 years
c. 6 to 9 years
b 9 to 12 years
d. 12 to 15 years
606) Which patterns of development closely parallel to
the pattern for speech development?
a. emotional and moral
b. intellectual and moral
c. intellectual and motor
d. emotional and motor
607) What would be an effective way of avoiding social
stratification is the classroom?
a. provide limited experience to children of less
privileged classes
b. provide influence of mass media for children
of all social classes
c. encourage higher educational aspirations
among the less privileged pupils
d. assign leadership roles to the children of the
upper social class
608) The environment in order to facilitate learning must
be interactive. Which of the following best typifies
this kind of environment?
a the child summarizes the section on fossils
in his science textbook
b the child listens to a lecture on fossils given
by the teacher
c the child goes out and discovers for himself
some rock or fossil
d the child copies a list of facts concerning
fossils on the blackboard
609) A student fainted during the flag ceremony. It was
found out that he didnt take his breakfast. What
psychological principle is shown in this situation?
a. somatotonic principle
b. safety needs principle
c. .physiological need principle
d. Id principle
610) The individual has to learn developmental tasks at
each stage of development. Failure to do so at an
earlier stage may cause problems in later stages.
Arrange the following tasks according to the stages
when they occur in ones life span.
a developing conscience, morality and a scale
of values
b learning to distinguish right from wrong

Page 35 of 104
c
d

acquiring a set of values and an ethical


system
taking on civic responsibility

a. b-a-c-d
b. c-a-b-d

c. a-c-b-d
d. a-b-c-d

611) Some students have pointed out that the course of


human development can be influenced positively by
manipulating some aspects of the internal and
external development. One thing a teacher can do
in this regard is to ___.
a. keep the room well-ventilated, orderly and clean
b. provide learners with a set of routine activities to
be followed strictly
c. arrange the seat in such away that every learner
feels comfortable
d. provide learners with a variety of enriched
learning materials and aids for the different
612) Learning increase directly in proportion to the extent
to which the learner is wholly bound up in his task.
How does a teacher show this in her lesson? The
teacher gives lessons that ___.
a. have significance and worth to the child
b. are fictitious to appear to their imagination
c. portray complex ideas
d. are easy to comprehend
613) When an adolescent combines ability to use
deductive and inductive reasoning in constructing
realistic rules that he can respect and live by, how
does he perceived his environment?
a. he views the world form his perspective
b. he sees events apart from himself and other
people
c. he interprets events from a limited view
d. he sees the world and himself through the eyes
of others
614) Heredity has a part in determining intelligence.
Which of the following statements support this
principle?
a intelligence is determined partly by pre-natal
nutrition
b identical twins are more alike than fraternal twins
c intelligence hinges in physical structure
d environmental affects both fraternal and identical
twins
615)

a
b

Development tasks are to be learned by the


individual at the each stage of development. If
these tasks are not developed at an early stage, this
may cause problems in later years. Arrange the
following tasks according to the stages when they
occur in ones life span.
i. acquiring a set of values and an ethical span
ii. developing conscience, morality and a scale of
values
iii. learning to distinguish right from wrong
iv. taking a civic responsibility
III, II, I, IV
I, II,III, IV

c. II, IV, I, III


d. III, I, II and IV

616) Which of the current classroom practices is


influenced by Skinners operant conditioning?
a. progression of subordinate learning
b. reinforcement of correct practices
c. connection between stimulus and response
d. involuntary response to a stimulus
617) The psychological developmentalist made the child
the center of the educational process through
application of its law of learning. Teaching should
therefore be primarily directed towards the ____.
a promotion of the childs social unconsciousness
b development of the child from within
c use of effective media technology
d systematic formulation of methods
618) Which of the following would you considers MOST
indicative of actual maladjustment of a student?
a. failing to take care of school properties
b. spending his entire allowance each week on
science fiction paperbacks
c. finding fault wit the work of this classmate
d. inviting his classmates to eating places in an
attempt to be popular
619) Who introduce the technique of using the drawing of
a man as a measure of intelligence?
a Binet
c. Good enough
b Aristotle
d. Herbert
620) Human development follows a pattern. Which of the
following demonstrates this theory?
a. In Geography class, children learn the
difference provinces
b. ahead of their own town
c. Petra names sampaguita, roses and camia
before learning the word flower
d. A child learns the word ANIMALS before he
can name dog , cat, goat and cow
e. In mathematics learners know division ahead
of addition
621) Pre-school education is a recognition that the period
of greatest mental development among individual is
from ___ years.
a. 6 to 9
c. 9 to 12
b. 12 to 15
d. 3 to 6
622) Social development means that acquisition of the
ability to behave in accordance with ____.
a. social insights
c. stereotyped behavior
b. universal norms
d. social expectations
623) Which of the following demonstrates that education
and culture tend to cyclical?
a the school becomes the avenue by which
individual learn their culture
b culture is transmitted by the school system
and the classroom becomes the place of
transmission
c the school shaped by culture and culture in
tern influence by the school
d the school functions primarily as a
transmitter of culture and is a change agent

Page 36 of 104
624) Which of these statements is TRUE regarding the
indoctrination of a child in making decision?
a. this will facilitate the childs ability to make
decisions
b. this will give hi the opportunity to make right
decisions at an early stage
c. this will make him dependent on the thinking
of others
d. this will enhance his ability to think and decide
625) How does peer group influenced adolescence?
a stops the learning and development of social
roles
b provides the adolescents the time to make
unwise
c decisions
d allows the young to free himself from too much
dependence on his family
e allows the young to stay away from home
626) Termans studies of superior children show that in
moral and personal traits the superiority is
significantly marked. What this suggests to the
teacher?
a. limit the experience of this group to personal
growth
b. distribute the activities of this group equally
between moral and personal
c. expose this group to moral and personal
experience
d. provide this group with more experiences in
schools outside or moral and personal
627) Children in the early stage consider teachers and
parents as authorities and models. What does this
statement imply?
a teachers and parents should serve as role
models at all times
b parent-teacher conference should always be
an activity in school
c parents should enforce strict discipline at home
and teachers in school
d teachers should demand complete obedience
form the learners in school
628) The environment must be interactive to facilitate
learning, which of the following situation is an
example of this?
a. the class copies a list of facts concerning the
habitat of insects
b. the teacher lectures on the habitat of insects
c. the class goes out and discovers the habitat of
insects
d. the teacher shows posters of the habitat of
insects
629) Which of the following statements involving the
relative mental abilities of delinquent and nondelinquent children has been supported by studies
to be generally true?
a there are marked differences between the
performance of two groups
b there are no significant difference between
them
c non-delinquent children are somewhat
brighter than delinquent children

d delinquent children are slightly but significant


brighter
630) How does a teacher demonstrate that the course of
human development can be influenced positively by
manipulating some aspects of the internal and
external development?
a. arranging the seats in such a way that every
learner feels comfortable
b. providing learners with a set of routine
activities to be followed strictly
c. providing learners with a variety of enriched
learning materials and aids for different
subjects
d. keeping the room well-ventilated, orderly and
clean
631)

This system of learning includes ways and


methods, which are used in preserving and building
certain traditions within cultural communities. This
refers to ___.
a cultural learning system
b indigenous learning system
c multi-level learning system
d non-formal learning system

632) Social experimentation believes that education


should develop in the learner a social motive and
intelligence to enable them to help solve problems of
changing society.
Teachers are therefore
encouraged to ____.
a. teach the learners what to do as they know in
making right decisions
b. involve the community and discuss objectively
relevant issues to guide learners in evaluating
them
c. influence the learners in making choices and
conclusions as regards controversial issues
d. tell the learners to accept social traditions
wholly because social heritage is of great value
633) Which of these contributions was the idea advanced
by Gestalt psychologists?
a. the best method of learning is through
conditioning
b. the individual reacts to a total environment
c. a particular stimulus will lead to a specific
response
d. each faculty of the brain must be provided
with appropriate exercise
634)

The principle of individual differences requires


teachers to ____.
a. prepare modules for slow learners in the class
b. provide varied learning activities to suit
individual needs
c. treat all learners alike while in the classroom
d. give more attention to he gifted students
635) All learning is bond connecting. In which of the
following is this principle NOT applicable?
a. habits
c. reflexes
b. attitudes
d. skills
636) In which of the following teacher tasks is knowledge
of childrens affective development of LEAST
significance?

Page 37 of 104
a. understanding the emotionally-based causes
of pupil behavior
b. sampling of classroom activities that generate
excitement and happiness
c. helping children overcome negative emotions
d. exploring ones own emotional reactions to
various types of pupil behavior
637) Which of the following behavior indicates that a
child has developed conventional maturity? The
behavior is based on ____.
a. the desire to avoid severe physical punishment
by a superior authority
b. personal decisions based on his satisfaction
c
the expectations of the group or society in
general to gain approval
d
internalized ideals to avoid self-condemnation
rather than social censure
638) If children are cooperatively engaged with the
teacher in a group project the children will discipline
themselves each member of the group exercises
a. obedience to the teacher
c. peer influence
b. special interest
d. moral
compulsion
639) Che-che collapsed in her Social Studies class. It
was found out that she did not eat her lunch. What
principle is shown in this situation?
a. physiological needs c. safety needs
b. somatotonic
d. psychological need
640)

The levels and types of abilities present in


adolescence will be maintained or enhanced in
adulthood depending on such factors as:
A. education
C. cognitive activities
B. experiences
D. social activities

Which combination of abilities is maintained or


enhanced?
a. A-B-C
b. A-B-C-D
641)

c. A and C
d. B-C

This is the stage when the learner becomes


confused and starts to experience identity crises.
Which of these stages is it?
a. early childhood
c. late childhood
b. early adulthood
d. adolescent

642) Which of the following statements is TRUE


regarding the level of mental maturity necessary for
a learner to profit from opportunities?
a. it can be determined by readiness test
b. it may be reached at the age of seven
c. it varies from task
d. it can approximately be reached at the age of
five
643) Researches established that complete coordination
of motor activities is attained at:
a. pre-natal stage
c. childhood stage
b. adolescence state d. infancy

644)

Which of the following will trigger additional


development if a child is exposed to more
challenges and stimuli in his surroundings?
a. Potentials
c. emotional development
b. Intelligence
d. interest

645) If a resilient child with superior intelligence is reared


in a poor environment the probable outcome would
be___?
a. mental retardation since he is cultural deprived
b. mental change in IQ because he is culturally
deprived
c. no change in IQ because environmental
deprivation has nothing to do with intelligence
d. slight change in IQ although he can overcome
frustration and obstacle
646) Which of the following is usually considered the
most important factor in a childs observable
classroom behavior?
a. intelligence
c. cultural background
b. heredity
d. self-concept
647) A number of researchers found that the effects
material employment on childrens achievement is
___.
a. positive and negative c. fully established
b. negative
d. hardly established
648) Which developmental task is expected of the
adolescent according to Havighurst?
skilled in games
a. learning to get along with age-mates
b. achieving new and more mature relations with
age-mates of both sexes
c. getting started in an occupation
649) Mr. Esmane wants his pupils to be creative. Which
of the following will REFRAIN from doing?
a. develop students ability to recognize and
analyze problems and relationships
b. encourage sustained attention in an area of
interest
c. heighten the students sense of the unusual
d. develop solely skill mastery
650) Alou dance well. She can figure out how something
works or how to fix something that is broken, without
asking for help. Based on Gardeners theory of
multiple intelligence what intelligence is she strong?
a. musical
c. logical-mathematica
b. kinesthetic intelligence d. spatial intelligence
651) Which one correctly describes the phenomenon of
lately children?
a. they are poorly motivated school children
b. they are engaged in child labor
c. they are truant school children
d. they turn to empty homes after school either to
sit by the television or to roam the streets
652) Moral development is early
characterized by __.
a. questioning rules
b. acting out of conviction

childhood

is

Page 38 of 104
c. willful disobedience of rules
d. acting without knowing why they do so
653) In her teaching, Ms. Breis moves from particular
instances to tentative generalizations that are
subjected to further verification. Ms. Breis engages
herself in ___.
a. deductive logic
c. inductive logic
b. philosophical analysis
d. intuition
654) Which of the following is not a subject-centered
curriculum?
a. value-oriented
c. back-to-basics
b. subject area
d. perennialist
655) Which of the following is a correct statement of
emotional intelligence based on Daniel Golemans
theory?
a. emotional intelligence is giving free rein to
feeling
b. emotional
intelligence
changes
less
considerably than IQ through life
c. emotional intelligence is being nice to people
d. emotional intelligence is feeling appropriately
and effectively
656) The authoritarian setting in the Filipino home is
reinforced by a classroom teacher who __
a. is open to suggestions
b. encourages pupils to ask questions
c. ask open-ended questions
d. prescribes what pupils should do
657) Which stage according to Erikson is the stage of
trust and mistrust?
a. entry childhood
c. adolescence
b. young childhood
d. infancy
658) Daniel Goleman talks about emotional intelligence.
Which of the following characterize a student with a
high degree of emotional intelligence?
a. sensitive to the points of view and feeling
of others
b. prodded by others
c. obsessed with achieving at any cost
d. unable to delay gratification
659) According to Hurlock, studies of childrens play
have revealed that toy play reaches its peak during
the ___.
a. late childhood years c. early childhood years
b. babyhood
d. middle childhood years
660) Which among the following has been said to play in
irreplaceable role in the education of the young?
a. Home
c. church
b. School
d. community
661)

Which is NOT a characteristic of democratic


discipline?
a. child has opportunity to express his/her opinion
b. child is given punishment is related to the
misdeed
c. child understand the meaning of rules
d. child obeys blindly

662) Babyhood is often referred to as a critical period in


the development of personality because
a changes in the personality pattern take place
b at this time the foundations are laid upon
which the adult personality structures will
built
c the brain grows and develops at such an
accelerated rate during babyhood
d at this time the baby is exposed to many
hazards both physical and psychological
663) The tendency to emphasize so much on school
beautification to the detriment of pupils performance
illustrates the ___.
a. Filipinos loves for porma at the expense of
substance
b. Filipinos lack of seriousness
c. Filipinos sense of humor
d. Filipino lack of reflection
664)

Which is a danger signal of adolescent


maladjustment?
a prolonged treatment as children
b inappropriate body-build
c attraction to the opposite sex
d irresponsibility as shown in neglect of studies
in favor of having a good time

665) Ms. Ramos is often times frustrated. The students


in her class hardly volunteer to recite and to do other
learning-related tasks. This is a proof of the
Filipinos ___.
a. sense of humor
c. lack of reflection
b. lack of resourcefulness d. passivity and lack of
initiative
666) Which period in the life span of an individual is
characterized by growth spurt?
a. pre-natal and puberty
b. early childhood
c. prenatal period and early childhood
d. early childhood and adolescence
667)

Which of the following is not a hazard to the


mastery of developmental tasks?
a. inappropriate or impossible expectations
b. crises when individuals pass from one stage to
another
c. unfavorable social judgment
d. by passing of a stage of development as a
result of failure to master the tasks for that
stage of development

668) Which of the following statements on developmental


task is wrong?
a. Retirees are not expected to work on
mastering certain developmental tasks
b. There are essential skills expected to be
acquired and mastered in each developmental
stage
c. The mastery of developmental tasks is a result
of physical maturation, societal pressures and
individuals aspiration
d. Failure to master developmental tasks at a
certain developmental stage has far reaching
consequences in a persons development

Page 39 of 104
669) Based on Victor Lowenfields classification, which
sequence in the developmental stages of children in
art is followed?
a pre-schematic stage, schematic stage,
scribbling stage, pseudo realistic stage,
dawning realism stage
b pre-schematic stage, schematic stage,
scribbling
dawning
realism
stage,
pseudorealistic stage
c scribbling stage, pre-schematic stage,
schematic stage, pseudo realistic stage,
dawning realism stage
d scribbling stage, pre-schematic stage,
schematic stage, dawning realism stage,
pseudo realistic stage
670) Which is a focusing thinking skill?
a. summarizing
b. obtaining information
c. clarifying through inquiry
d. identifying key concepts
671) Such physiological characteristics as the
helplessness of nursery kinds, the inborn curiosity of
the primary school pupils, the social conciseness of
high school students and the practical purposes of
college students established that:
a. the individual has certain characteristics at
each level of development that makes him
educable
b. education is a basic need of the individual at
every level of development
c. education is psychologically based
d. education is adjustment and adoption
672)

Intelligence plays a significant role in learning.


Which statement is untrue?
a the higher the intelligence, the greater the
ability to learn
b the higher the intelligence, the more
education is not needed
c the higher the intelligence, the more
accurate man can respond
d the higher the intelligence, the faster man
can adjust to his environment

673) Ms. Aura Vivian Llapitan, a Grade One teacher, has


observed that her pupils respond actively to various
class activities. Why are her pupils teachable?
a. their economic competence makes him
receptive to education
b. their independence makes them more
obedient
c. they are more open to experience
d. any of three is correct
674) In education as agent of modernization the
curriculum tends to focus on well-defined orientation.
Which described best the curriculum in this
sociological view?
a. future oriented
c. present oriented
b. past oriented
d. tradition oriented
675) Miss Melody San Pedro, who is a firm believer of
education as cultural transmission is equally

interested in the following except one. Which is not


a concern of education as cultural transmission?
a. current social issues
b. intentions or objectives
c. changes in the learners behavior
d. manner of making the learner function
676) Ms. Catherine Eullo, a teacher in Social Studies,
strongly believes in education as agent of social and
cultural change. What would be the emphasis of her
lessons?
a. current social issues and problems of the
students own community
b. social life of the "past and the far-away
c. political history of the great countries
d. historical and geographical facts
677) The function of schooling is determined largely by
the generally accepted social conception of
education. What is the function of the school
curriculum in a school that regards education as
cultural transmission?
a. to serve as a unifying element among social
classes
b. to serve as a boundary breaking between
social classes
c. to serve as an instrument to remove social
status stratification
d. to serve as a boundary-maintaining structure
between social classes
678) Education and culture tend to be cyclical. Which of
the following clearly explains this statement?
a. culture is influenced by the school and the
school is shaped by the culture
b. culture influences the school function as a
change agent
c. culture is primarily transmitted by the school
d. culture is learned basically from the school
679) Mary Joy brings all her books to school because
she wants to please the teacher and get good
grades. To which of the following levels of morality
according to Kohlberg does she belongs?
a. Conventional
b. pre-conventional
c. post-conventional
d. either pre-conventional or conventional
680)

Following Piagets Theory of Cognitive


Development, Mrs. Medina provides her students
varied activities that enable them to classify objects
according to more than one variable, rank order
items in logical series and understanding that
amounts of mass or liquid do not change because
their shape does. The development tasks can be
expected to be performed by ___.
a. elementary school children c. college students
b. high school students
d. preschoolers

681)

The nature-nature controversy gave rise to


conflicting theories of human development. Mrs.
Adora Santiago, a grade school teacher however
believes that both heredity and environment interact
to facilitate the total development of her pupils.

Page 40 of 104
Therefore, Mrs. Santiago is likely to support which of
the following statements?
a. intelligence is entirely heritable
b. intelligence is a function of 50% heredity and
50% environment
c. intelligence is more influenced by environment
than hereditary factors
d. intelligence can be improved by exposing a
child to a stimulating environment
682) Mr. Rebancos, a high school teacher, is aware of
the fact the puberty brings new feelings about the
self, as well as attitude in other people who relate to
the maturing child-adolescent. How may he best
help his high school students develop positive
attitudes towards self and others?
a. orient them on the typical characteristics of
adolescents
b. ask them to write down their own perceptions
of themselves and others
c. encourage them to engage in worthwhile and
productive activities
d. organize a seminar on personality
development among adolescents
683) Jacquelyn Mendoza does not do anything in class.
She will only complete a task if you sit with her and
continually tell her that what she is doing is correct.
During her free time she sits at her desks starting
into space. If you ask what shed like to do she just
smiles sweetly and shakes her head negatively.
How would you describe Jacquelyns behavior?
a. passive-antagonistic
c. indifferent-shy
b. passive-dependent

d. proud-progressive

684) Learning takes place best when


a. learning exercises are focused on the right
side of the brain
b. learning exercises involve both sides of the
brain
c. learning exercises are focused on cognitive
objectives
d. learning exercises are focused on the left side
of the brain
685) Marvin, a Grade I pupil plays with his classmates, but
cannot accept defeat, Based on Piagets theory of
cognitive development, in what developmental stage is
Marvin?
a. concrete operation
c. formal operation
b. sensorimotor
d. pre-operation
686) What is the highest level of comprehension?
a. critical comprehension c. integration
b. critical evaluation
d. literal comprehension
687) Mother equally divided the pineapple in two glasses for
her two boys. One glass is short but stout; another
long but thin. Both boys wanted the long but thin glass
believing that it contained more.
In what
developmental stage are the boys?
a. concrete operation
c. sensorimotor
b. formal operation
d. pre-operational

688) What I hear, I forget; What I see, I remember; What I


do, I understand This means that pupils learn best
when they __.
a. learn independently
b. work with groups
c. watch TV
d. takes active part in the learning process
689) Both Muslim and Christian value marriage but the
Muslim practices polygamous marriage while the
Christian practices monogamous marriage. What is
this called?
a. ethical relativism
c. acculturation
b. enculturation
d. cultural relativism
690) Marvin, a Grade I pupil, is happy when he wins in a
game but sulks when he doesnt. Which does
Marvins behavior indicate?
a. Egotism
c. rigidity of thought
b. Egocentrism
d. semi-logical reasoning
691) If the student is encouraged to develop himself to the
fullest, which of Maslows hierarchy of needs should he
satisfy?
a. safety needs
c. belongingness
b. physiological needs
d. self-actualization
692) A student passes a book report poorly written but
ornately presented in a folder to make up for the poor
quality of the book report content. Which Filipino traits
does this practice prove?
a. porma over substance
b. art over academics
c. substance over porma
d. art over science
693) Extreme authoritarianism is the home reinforces
learners to
a. work creatively
b. depend on the others for direction
c. direct themselves
d. do things on their won initiative
694) A group of Filipino children served as respondent in a
research conducted, the children were asked to tell
what they wanted to be, if given the choice. None of
them said to be an American, to be a Japanese, to
be a Korean, etc. What does this finding show?
a. inferiority of other nationalities
b. superiority of the Filipino
c. superiority of other nationalities
d. Filipino lack of a sense of national pride
695) An I thou relationship exists between teacher and
students where there is
a. favoritism
c. respect
b. pretension
d. prejudice
696) Which refers to the Filipino trait of practicing conflicting
values in different venues and with different social
groups?
a. crab mentality
c. lack of foresight
b. willingness to take risks d. indolence
697)

It is easy for children to learn language because each


person as Language Acquisition Device that

Page 41 of 104
predispose one to acquire language. This theory is
espoused by ___.
a. Watson
c. Chomsky
b. Gardner
d. Piaget
698) According to Eriksons theory, the child aged three to
five is largely ___.
a. mischievous
c. lazy
b. Egocentric
d. altruistic
699)

Students in school tend to group themselves by


region of origin and think of themselves as first and
above all as Visayan, Ilocano, Tagalog. This shows
that Filipino are generally
a. more universalistic than particularistic
b. more personal than impersonal
c. more particularistic than universalistic
d. more impersonal than personal

700) The information processing psychology asserts that


a. the learner is a passive receiver of stimuli
b. the learner is totally conditioned by environment
c. learning is purely a conditioning process
d. learning is an interactive process between the
learner and the environment
701)

702)

Two identical balls of clay are shown to the child. The


child agrees that they are equal. Teacher changes
the shape of one of the balls and asks the child
whether they still contain equal amounts of clay.
The child answers, No, the longer has more. What
skill does the child lack?
a. centration
b. cognitive development theory
c. reasoning
d. conservation
Which theory does this demonstrate? A young boy
might observe his fathers aggressive outburst and
hostile interchanges with people; when observed
with his peers, the young boys style of interaction is
highly aggressive.
a. social cognitive theory
b. cognitive development theory
c. operant conditioning
d. classical conditioning

703) Jones is a shy student and prefers to be alone. Based


on Jungs psychological theory, under what
classification does he fall?
a. extrovert
c. paranoid
b. ambivert
d. introvert
704) Which theory on development puts emphasis on the
importance of sensitive period in development?
a. ecological theory
c. psychoanalytic theory
b. social cognitive theory d. ethnological theory
705) According to the cognitive theory of human
development, the primary determinant of behavior is
____.
a. cognition
c. heredity
b. unconscious thought d. environment
706) Which may be undesirable result of the misuse of
education technology on human development?

a. brain-drain
c. dehumanization
b. mechanical learning d. knowledge explosion
707) For Freud, the primary motivation for human behavior is
sexual in nature while for Erikson it is ____.
a. social
c. physical
b. cultural
d. biological
708)

Based on Freuds psychoanalytic theory which


component(s) of personality is (are) concerned with
a sense of right and wrong?
a. super-ego
c. id
b. super-ego and ego
d. ego

709) Which conception of age is wrong?


a. chronological age is different from biological and
psychological age
b. chronological age , biological age, psychological
and social age are related
c. psychological age and social are two different
things
d. chronological age is the same as biological and
psychological age
710)

As humans we walk at about one year, engage in


fantasy play as a young child, and become more
independent as a youth. What does this prove?
Each of us develops partly
a. like no other individuals
b. like no other individuals, like some other
individuals, like all other individuals
c. like all other individuals
d. like some other individuals

711) In Piagets theory an individuals adjustment to new


information is called ___.
a. organization
c. assimilation
b. accommodation
d. adaptation
712) The psychoanalytic theorists believe the following
EXCEPT
a. development is not in any way colored of emotion
b. we analyze the symbolic meaning of behavior not
focus on the behavior
c. early experience with parents extensively shape
our development
d. we have to analyze the inner workings of the
mind to understand behavior
713) Which teachers attitude best reflects his/her
understanding of development as a product of
maturation?
a. patience when dealing with the slower ones
b. creativity with the classroom strategies or task
c. fairness when giving grades or school marks
d. cheerfulness and enthusiasm when discussing
714) Which one is Piagets and Eriksons thought about
childrens play?
a contributes to the childs mastery of his physical
and social environment
b makes a childs life so enjoyable that he will tend
to hate school life later
c prepares a child for an excellent academic
performance in formal schooling

Page 42 of 104
d

develops in the child a highly competitive attitude


because of the nature of play

715) Miss Beth Burbon, a preschool teacher sees to it


that the children are given opportunity to explore and
work on different materials so that they will develop
initiative and not guilt. She is guided by the theory
of
a. Maslow
c. Gardner
b. Kohlberg
d. Erikson
716)

717)

Which of these statements true about the


development of super ego according to
psychoanalytic theory?
a. it is present at birth
b. it begins to develop during the first 2 years of
life
c. it begins to develop during the fifth to sixth
year of life
d. it begins to develop at puberty
e. it begins to develop in late adolescence
Sigmund Freud maintained that nervous are
primarily a result of:
a. overly severe toilet training
b. inappropriate identification
c. primary process
d. inadequate super ego development
e. sexual disturbances

718) Which of these indicates the flow of free association


as minted by Sigmund Freud?
a. reaction formation
d. Para praxis
b. resistance
e. the pleasure principle
c. repression
719) According to current research, a daughter is most
likely to have traditional vocational aspirations if she
has a:
a. non-working mother
b. working mother
c. mother in a traditionally masculine
occupations
d. working father
e. high occupational status father
720) Sequential studies of human development suggest
that the growth of intelligence may continue through:
a. late adolescence d. late adulthood
b. early childhood
e. old age
c. middle adulthood
721) In the theory developed by Jean Piaget, the first
unit to appear in cognitive development is:
a. language
d. rule
b. schema
e. image
c. concept
722) According to Freud, children pass through all of
these psycho-sexual stages of development
EXCEPT the:
a. oral
d. autoerotic
b. anal
e. genital
c. phallic

723) A prominent embracing response that can elicited


in a newborn infant by a sudden change in the head
position is called the:
a. sign of Babinski d. infant carry response
b. startle allows reflex
e. primate hug
c. convulsive reflex
724) In comparing health behavior of younger and older
people, older people report all these EXCEPT:
a. more symptoms
b. less positive health status
c. more vulnerability to health threats
d. decline in regular physical activity
e. improvement of eating habits
725) In Rene Spitzs classic study of sensory deprivation,
he found all of these to be true EXCEPT that:
a. social interaction with other human is
essential in infant development
b. in the first 4 months, infants in the fondling
home (having less contact with other people)
scored better on several developmental
indices than those in the nursing home
(where others visited)
c. by 1 year, fondling home infants had fallen
far below those in the nursing home on
developmental indices
d. after 1 or 3 years, most infants in the
fondling home could not walk or talk
e. children in the nursing home had a higher
incidence of infection that those in the
fondling home because of many social
contacts
726) The complex symptoms characterizes of children
who are deprived of their mother or of a mother
substitute during infancy and often extending into
the first year of life is known as:
a. stranger anxiety d. childhood hizophrenia
b. anxiety neurosis e.. alacrities depression
c. autism
727) Which of the following concludes the processes that
allow a child to move from one stage of development
to he next in Piagets theory of child development?
a. reinforcement
d. accommodation
b. equilibrium
e. equilibration
c. assimilation
728) Which of these variables affects the phenomenon of
parent-child bonding as proposed by Kenell and
Klaus?
a. infants language development
b. infants cognitive development
c. amount of crying done by infant
d. length of breastfeeding
e. all of these
729) Major obstacles for children in creative solving of
problems include:
a. failure to understand or grasp the problem
b. forgetting certain aspects of a problem
c. fear of failure
d. insufficient knowledge
e. all of these
f. none of these

Page 43 of 104
730) Which of the following are major health problems in
adolescents?
a. have a genetic bases
b. have a sexual bases
c. involve sensory deficits
d. are self-inflicted
e. involve bacterial and viral infections
731) College students are considered to be at risk for
AIDS because of:
a. frequent sexual contact
b. a sense of vulnerability
c. the belief that only homosexual and drug
users gets AIDS
d. the belief that educated people are not apt to
get AIDS
e. all of the above mentioned
f. none of the above mentioned
732)

733)

Harry Harlows work with inanimate surrogate


mothers for children suggests that the early
experience is critical to the ultimate development of
love is:
a. positive reinforcement
b. be protected form danger
c. contact comfort
d. need reduction by nursing
e. maternal stimulation
Emotional expression involving a stereotyped
sequence of fixed action patterns include:
a. smiling
d. apprehension
b. know flush response
e. aching
c. startle response

734)

An assessment of personality, normative and


objective method refers to:
a. used of ink blot techniques
b. sophisticated technique for measuring the
accuracy of a persons perception pf reality
c. predictions of behavior on the basis of
intensive interviewing
d. predictions of behavior on the basis of data
from personality tests
e. a way of reality evaluating personality rather
than of simply assessing how a person
behaves

735)

In Ericksons Theory, self-esteem tend to be


positively influenced by:
a. opportunities for favorable social comparison
b. association with persons possessing a
higher sense of self-worth
c. feedback of success and failures
d. sympathetic explanations of continuous
negative feedback or comparisons
e. all of these
f. none of these

736) According to Freud, the superego contains the:


a. conscience
d. reality principle
b. pleasure principle e. all of these
c. ego ideal
f. none of these

737) In Carl Rogers personality theory, the essential


components of a psychotherapeutic process
involves:
a. therapist unconditional positive regard
b. a therapist empathy on the child
c. reflection of the childs feelings
d. interpretation of unconscious process
e. all of these
f. none of these
738)

Which of these personality theorists strongly


emphasized the importance of unconscious
determinants?
a. Shiner
d. Freud
b. Murray
e. Piaget
c. Kevin

739) Erickson views the stage of young adulthood as


being best described by a crisis of:
a. trust versus mistrust
b. intimacy versus isolation
c. identity versus role confusion
d. initiative versus guilt
e. autonomy versus dependence
740) The environmental factor with the most under used
potential for developing cognitive and interpersonal
competence in children is the:
a. school
b. family setting
c. community mental health center
d. health care system
e. child welfare agency
741) All of these research findings on adult development
are true EXCEPT that:
a. significant development changes continue to
occur throughout adulthood
b. as people age, there is an increasing range
of differences between individuals
c. changes in adult occur in all areas of
development (cognitive, physical, and socialpersonal)
d. adult cognitive changes may show
quantitative reduction on an ability test, but a
qualitative acquisition of a different form of
intelligence
e. just as is the case in childhood and
adolescence, there are predominant and
universal development stages in adulthood
f. all of these
742) Which of these reflected Ericksons Theory of life
cycle and growth of the ego?
a. sexual device is crucial in determining the
development of sense of identity
b. ego maturation is genetically predetermined,
cultural influences are of minor importance
c. there are eight stages characterized by crisis
whose satisfactory resolution is essential
d. phases of development are characterized in
turn by aggressive, affective, achievement,
nurturance and power motives
e. people are burdened with too many ego
function

Page 44 of 104
743) Institutionalization during infancy often involves all
these consequences EXCEPT:
a. poor linguistic organization during early
childhood
b. deficits in concept formation and abstract
thinking
c. later impairment of motor skills
d. analytic depression
e. abnormal behavioral patterns
744) The most rapid increasing rate of mortality is found
in:
a. infancy
d. middle age
b. childhood
e. old age
c. adolescence
745) Stages in the childs normal development of speech
are characterized by all of these statements
EXCEPT that:
a. between 1 and 6 months, infants invent new
noises and experiment with them
b. infants 4 to 5 months old will repeat sounds
they hear
c. infants between 12 and 18 months will
intentionally use a word appropriate to the
situation
d. between 24 and 36 months, infants use 200
to 300 words in phrases and two and twoword sentences
e. by 48 months of age, the child should have a
vocabulary of about 1500 words
746) Research findings on early gender-role identification
and behavior show that all these statements are true
EXCEPT that:
a. gender-related differences in play behavior
are evident as early as 13 months
b. males are generally more aggressive in their
play and problem-solving activities than are
females
c. children
who
experience
gender
reassignment after the age of 2 are
considered to be high-risk candidates for
psychological disorders
d. children between 3 and 4 years of age are
able to make gender-appropriate choices to
western stereotypes
e. females 3 to 5 years old appear to be more
concerned about gender-appropriate play a
activities than are males of similar age
747) Which of these statements about the development
of moral standards during the childhood is true?
a. only at puberty do a childs moral standards
become independent of external rewards
and punishments
b. the development of guilt as a reaction to
transgressions is fostered by parental
warmth
c. children of 11 or 12 years of age are more
likely to make inflexible, absolute moral
judgments than those 7 or 8 years of age
d. older children are likely than younger
children to judge behavior as right or wrong
in terms of its reinforcement outcome

e. the development of moral reasoning is


independent
of
general
intellectual
maturation
748)

Compared with pregnant women aged 20-25,


pregnant adolescence are apt to:
a. experience parental pressure to restrict food
intake
b. inadequate parental care
c. higher rates of infant mortality
d. higher rates of birth defects and mental
retardation
e. all of these
f. none of these

749) In comparing overweight adolescent boys and girls,


girls are among apt to:
a. experience parental pressure to restrict food
intake
b. eat in response to negative and positive
mood
c. be blamed by their parents for weight mood
d. interpret presence of other people as a sign
signal for eating
e. all of these
f. none of these
750) Children develop identification with a parent as a
result of:
a. perception of similarities, physical and
behavioral
b. imitation of parental mannerisms
c. communication from others concerning
similarities
d. attractiveness of the parent
e. all of these
f. none of these
751) Which of these patterns show cognitive skills of
early childhood?
a. at 18 months, a child begins to follow simple
one-part directions, begins many questions
with what, imitates people in his or her
environment, and infers causes from
observing effects
b. at 2 years, the child begins to learn about
time sequences, matches simple shapes and
sizes, attempts new solutions to old
problems, and may arrange several words in
grammatically incorrect sentences
c. at 3 years, the child asks many why
questions talks in sentences using four or
more words, can give his first and last name,
and may talk about his fears
d. at 4 years, the child may begin many
questions with how, knows the days of the
week and can follow a three-step direction in
proper order
e. all of these
f. none of these
752) Which of these characterize language development
is childhood?
a. infants 15 to 20 weeks of age use different
patterns of vocalization to identify
discomforts such hunger, fright and pain

Page 45 of 104
b. most children master all consonant sounds
by the age of 3 to 3 years
c. the first words spoken are usually nouns
d. vowels emerge in hierarchical order between
ages 3 to 7 years
e. all of these
f. none of these
753) Biological changes in the adolescent years include:
a. a growth spurt for girls with peak velocity at
14 years of age
b. menarche at anytime between 10 to 16
years of age; the average now is under 13
years of age
c. a growth spurt for boys with peak velocity at
12 years of age
d. growth of testes beginning as early as age of
9 or a late age of 13 and ending at
anytime between ages 13 and 17 years
e. all of these
f. none of these
754)

This is a true statement regarding childhood


dreams.
a. they start when the child is able to talk
b. they are experienced as pleasant more often
as a preschooler grows older
c. they increase in frequency as child
approaches the age of 5
d. they are frightened of nightmare at a
relatively age from 3 to 4 years
e. all of these
f. none of these

755) Concepts of death and pain at various stages of the


child development include that:
a. between birth and 2 years of age, separation
is more apt to be experienced as
synonymous with death
b. children 3 or 4 years of age believe that a
toy feels pain when it is broken
c. children 5 to 6 years old fantasize that the
dead person continues to experience
emotion and biological function in the grave
d. children 7 to 9 years of age realize the
inevitability of death for all living things, no
longer fell responsible for the death of
others, and yet feel that death can be
avoided
e. all of these
f. none of these
756) Significant changes in physiological and cognitive
functioning develop with age. Studies of aging show
that:
a. intra-individually variability is decreased with
aging
b. there is more age-related decline found in
longitudinal methods than in cross-sectional
methods
c. inter-individual variability is decreased with
aging
d. life style and experience play a major in
retention of various cognitive functions
e. all of these
f. none of these

757) A Sigmund Freud, an Austrian physician is credited


for originating or popularizing the following:
a. the unconscious mind
b. the classic psychoanalytic couch technique
of retracting past experience
c. the early childhood as the origin of emotional
disorders
d. the id ego and super ego
e. all of these
f. none of these
758) Both sexes if preschoolers are said to place a great
value on the penis, with boys treasuring their sex
organ and fearing some injury to it or attack upon it
by hostile others. It develops into a:
a. castration anxiety d. electra complex
b. penis envy
e. oedipus complex
c. libido
759) A person who engenders intolerable amounts of
hostility may become the object of excessive
affection. This is a defense mechanism called:
a. displacement
d. repression
b. reaction formation
e. suppression
c. identification
760) In Ericksons theory, toddler phase constitutes the
period in which the child must establish a sense of:
a. basic trust
d. industry
b. autonomy
e. identity
c. initiative
761) A child entering a school age period, finds his
abilities wanting and discouraged in his development
of industriousness. He may conceptualize himself
as:
a. guilty
d. role confusion
b. mistrusting
e. shame and doubt
c. inadequate and inferior
762) An infant at 7 months may have his psychomotor
skills like:
a. uncoordinated movements of the and arm
begin to progress to definite reaching and
grasping
b. when being pulled to a sitting position, the
child may attempt to stand
c. smiles and laugh aloud often, responding to
stimulation from familiar children and adults
d. he may wish to use a spoon while feeding
himself
e. all of these
f. none of these
763) An angry, frustrated toddler in the midst of tantrum
cannot be effectively dealt with by reasoning or
threats. The wisest approach in dealing with the
situation is:
a. promising to give the desired object as soon
as possible
b. providing an activity other than the desired
object
c. attracting him with another object

Page 46 of 104
d. ignoring his behavior, reduced external
stimulation, remove any objects which might
prove injurious
e. playing with him music and dance
764) Which of the following situations do children learn
language skills?
a. through the spoken word d. all of these
b. by imitating sound
e. none of these
c. by trials of using words appropriately
765)

Children who consequently test low in verbal


development are usually those who:
a. receive little verbal instruction and socially
and economically deprived
b. receive a noisy verbal communication
c. frequently receive non-verbal gestures
d. have a family that interacts most of the time
e. live in air environment with spiritually inclined
neighbor

766) A child learning to undress sees the activity as:


a. accomplishment
b. punishment
c. means to attract ones attention
d. a practice to ones sexual curiosity
e. a self of self-encouragement
767) What is the correct sequence of motor activity that
belongs to 4-year-old children?
1. throws ball overhand
2. cuts out ones attention
3. builds five-block gate from model
4. copies square
5. hits nail head with hammer
a. 1, 2, 3, 4
b. 2, 3, 4, 5
c. 1, 3, 4, 5

d. 1, 2, 3, 5
e. 1, 2, 4, 5

768) A 5 year old childs verbal abilities include all these


EXCEPT it:
a. uses adult speech forms
b. finds speech more important in peer
relationships
c. repeats six-syllable sentences
d. participates in conversation without
monopolizing it
e. talks constantly
769) A 5 year old child in Ericksons stage of initiative vs.
guilt shows that he/she:
a. has dream and nightmares
b. is serious about self and abilities
c. is less rebellious
d. accepts responsibility for facts
e. all of these
f. none of these
770) These are all the guidelines helpful to parents and
other adults in relating to young children EXCEPT:
a. discipline should be motivated by love and
should have as its objective the childs longrange best interest
b. discipline should be consistent

c. the child should know why is being


disciplined and should be helped to identify
acceptable alternatives to his misbehavior
d. discipline should NOT be limited to
hazardous activities affecting the physical,
emotional, or social well-being of the child
e. ineffective measures should be corrected
771) The essential foundation that must be established in
the therapeutic relationship is:
a. trust
d. relation
b. confidence
e. love
c. change
772) A Freudian Slip, wherein ones true but hidden
feelings or thoughts are revealed by the child is an
example of what coping mechanisms:
a. regression
d. relation
b. repression
e. reworking
c. resistance
773) Which of these factors is considered a risk factor for
childhood disorder?
a. intact family
d. age
b. genetic vulnerability
e. social class
c. social support
774) What are the most important skills one must have
when working with adolescent in the classroom?
a. denial of personal limitations
b. flexibility with predictability
c. serious attitude
d. ability to challenge
e. calmness with respect
775) Paul 12 years has been addicted to prohibited
drugs for 2 years now. What is the best intervention
or management control effective in working with
substance abuse people?
a. firm and directive
b. installation of values
c. helpful and advisory
d. subjective and nonjudgmental
e. compassionate and tender
776) You encountered an 11 year old drug user who is
incoherent, giddy and euphoric. You had noted
irritation of the eyes, nose and mouth and susect
inhalation abuse. Which sign is most indicative of
inhalant abuse?
a. vomiting
d. sudden fear
b. bad breath
e. sweating
c. bad trip
777)

Nora 10 years old is undergoing obsessivecompulsive behavior and 5 to times wash her hand
in an hours time. The patient will not be able to stop
her compulsive washing routines until she:
a. acquires more super ego strength
b. recognizes the behavior is unrealistic
c. no longer needs the manage her feelings of
anxiety
d. regains contact of reality
e. realizes that hand washing need to be
frequent

Page 47 of 104
778) Nora was diagnosed with personality disorder with
compulsive traits. Of the following behaviors, which
one could you expect Nora to exhibit or manifest?
a. inability to make decisions
b. spontaneous playfulness
c. inability to alter plans
d. insistence that things be done her way
e. inability to achieve anything
779)

Lyn, 14 years old is assessed of amenorrhea,


constipation, and slow heartbeat. She expresses a
distorted body image and fear of being fat. These
are signs and symptoms of:
a. Cushing syndrome d. bulimic syndrome
b. conversion disorder e. anxiety state
c. anorexia nervosa

b. egocentric
c. rejecting-neglecting

785) Gilbert notices that his sausage is sliced into six


pieces, whereas his brothers is sliced into nine
pieces. He understands, however, that his brothers
sausage is not actually any larger than his own.
This indicates that Gilbert has by now reached the
_____ stage of development.
a. formal operational
d. preoccupation
b. sensorimotor
e. all of these
c. concrete operational
f. none of these
786)

Dr. Wong believes that children who are not


responsive to parenting during the first 2 months of
life will never develop basic trust toward the world.
Obviously, Dr. Wong believes that this period is a(n)
_____ for learning basic trust.
a. developmental crisis
b. operational stage
c. critical stage
d. sensorimotor stage
e. maturational span

787)

Carol is stressed because post-child-birth


complications prevented her from being in close
physical contact with her child during its first few
hours. Carol should be told that:
a. infants should be left physically undisturbed
during the first few hours of life so they can
rest
b. physical contact with her infant immediately
after birth would not contribute to the
development of mother-infant attachment
c. human infants do not have well-defined
critical periods for the formation of a motherinfant attachment
d. as long as she can breed-fed her baby, no
lasting damage will be done
e. all of these
f. none of these

780) When family is participating in the therapy, what is


the priority issue that must be confronted resolved?
a. abuse
d. divorce
b. finances
e. family
c. control
781) Linda just turns 12 years old and sexually abused.
Lindas parents have already reported the matter to
the police and initial investigation showed rape. She
was interrogated but didnt respond. The rape victim
didnt talk, is withdrawn and depressed. The
defense mechanism being used is:
a. rationalization d. regression
b. denial
e. depression
c. repression
782) Three-year old Angela has a story of being securely
attached to her mother. It most likely that Angela is:
a. unusually intelligent
b. easily frustrated and irritable when her
mother is absent
c. preoccupied with maintaining close physical
contact with her mother
d. outgoing and successful in her interactions
with other children
e. all of these
f. none of these
783)

Marly is a sensitive, responsive parent who


consistently satisfies the needs of Sara, her infant
daughter. According to Erickson, Sara is likely to:
a. from a life long attitude of basic trust toward
the word
b. encounter some difficulty in overcoming the
limitation of egocentrism
c. encounter some difficulty in forming an
attachment to her father
d. achieve formal operational intelligence more
quickly than the average child
e. all of these
f. none of these

784) The Albertsons establish and enforce rules for the


children to follow. They give reasons for the rules
and invite their teenagers to join the discussion
when new rules are being made. Psychologists
would characterize the Albertsons as _____
parents.
a. authoritarian
d. democratic

e. permissive

788) Instead of happily exploring the attractive toys


located in the pediatricians waiting room, little Sara
tenaciously clings to her mothers skirt. Sara most
clearly shows signs of:
a. habituation
d. plasticity
b. egocentrism
e. conservation
c. insecure attachment
789) In an unfamiliar but pleasing setting, infants with an
insecure attachment to their mothers are likely to:
a. quickly leave their mothers side and explore
their surroundings
b. show little distress when their mothers
physically leave them alone in the strange
setting
c. show indifference or hostility toward their
mothers when they return after a period of
absence
d. demonstrate unusually low levels of stranger
anxiety
e. form a life-long attitude of basic trust toward
the word

Page 48 of 104
790) Four-year old Lynnae is usually timid and fearful,
where her 3-year old sister is typically relaxed and
fearless. The two sisters are most striking different
in:
a. maturation
d. accommodation
b. temperament
e. assimilation
c. egocentrism
791)

The quantitative or measurable aspect of an


individuals increase in physical measurements is:
a. physical development
d. development
b. physical growth
e. replication
c. social growth

792) The qualitative or behavioral aspects of progressive


adaptation to the environment is:
a. physical development
d. development
b. physical growth
e. replication
c. social growth
793)

The process of becoming fully developed and


grown is:
a. aging
d. progression
b. maturation
e. regression
c. replication

794) The following are measurable growth indicators,


EXCEPT:
a. height
d. sexual age
b. weight
e. learn to put
words together
c. skeletal growth
795)

Which of the following is an indicator of


development and growth?
a. the infant relinquishes crawling for walking
b. height capacity for growth
c. weight increase in adulthood
d. sexual age in aging
e. sexual growth for maturation

796) Which of the following tasks belongs to the fine


motor development?
a. lifts head and chest while prone
b. sits with support
c. grasps and briefly hold objects and task
them to mouth
d. rolls over
e. stands alone
797) Growth and development are influenced by the
following forces of the family, EXCEPT:
a. peers
b. life expectancy
c. environmental elements
d. life experience
e. ones mental capacity
798) The correct directions of human growth is:
1. cephalo-caudal
3. disto-proximal
2. caudo-cephalo
4. proximo-distal
a. 1, 2
b. 1, 3
c. 2, 4

d. 1, 4
e. 2, 3

799)

The theorist who believes that each stage of


development has a personality crisis in involving a
major conflict that is critical at the time is:
a. Piaget
d. Freud
b. Maslow
e. Erickson
c. Dunn

800) The theorist who view t hat the development of the


mind as occurring thru adaptation to the
environment via assimilation and accommodation:
a. Piaget
d. Freud
b. Maslow
e. Erickson
c. Dunn
801) Learning process associated with a particular stage
of development often are referred to as
developmental tasks.
A characteristic of
development task is that:
a. there is no specific uniform time for learning
a task
b. tasks are learned at the same age in children
c. tasks occur with predictable rhythm
d. most development task are learned by
school age
e. if follows a pattern
802) The school nurse discusses the eating habits of
school-age children explaining to the parents that
these habits are most influenced by:
a. food preferences of their peers
b. the smell and the appearance of the food
offered to them
c. the atmosphere and examples provided by
parents at mealtimes
d. parents encouraging their children to eat
nutritious foods
e. availability of foods
803) The school nurse discusses adolescent behavior
with the parents explaining that according to
Erickson, the central problem of adolescence is
establishing a sense of:
a. identity
d. initiative
b. industry
e. autonomy
c. intimacy
804) Which of the following statements would be best for
the school nurse to use when describing the onset of
adolescence in boys and girls?
a. girls and boys experience the onset of
adolescence at approximately the same age
b. boys experience the onset of adolescence 1
to 2 years earlier than girls
c. girls experience the onset of adolescence
approximately 1 to 2 years earlier than boys
d. boys experience the onset of adolescence 3
to 4 years later than girls
e. girls experience the inset of adolescence 3
to 4 years later than boys
805)

This is the point of view held by Wundt and


Titchener that experience or mental states are made
of sensations, images, or ideas, and feelings as well
as analysis of these elements, their attributes and
the combinations.
a. structuralism
d. gestalt psychology

Page 49 of 104
b. functionalism
c. behaviorism

e. purposive psychology

806) The conception of experience at any given moment


is determined by the totality of its related phases,
which constitute an integrated pattern or
configurations.
a. structuralism
d. gestalt psychology
b. functionalism
e. purposive psychology
c. behaviorism
807)

The stimulus-response theory believes every


stimulus creates a response where activities can be
measured objectively.
a. structuralism
d. gestalt psychology
b. functionalism
e. purposive psychology
c. behaviorism

808) Mental processes are functions or operations of the


organism in its adaptation to and modification of its
environment.
a. structuralism
d. gestalt psychology
b. functionalism
e. purposive psychology
c. behaviorism
809) These are inborn automatic response to simple
localizes stimulation involving particular muscles and
parts of the body.
a. temperament or emotion
b. capacities and special aptitudes
c. drives, needs, wants, urges
d. reflexes
e. personality
f. motivation

814) Establishing the relationship between words and


objects, between principles and situations, and
between ides and things.
a. associative of learning
b. aesthetic learning
c. connectionism theory
d. gestalt theory
e. law of readiness
815) Overcoming or removing difficulty to attain a goal.
a. associative learning
b. theory of generalization
c. law of effect
d. cognitive learning
e. none of these
816) Formation of values, attitudes, appreciation and
judgments.
a. associative of learning
b. aesthetic learning
c. connectionism theory
d. gestalt theory
e. law of readiness
817) Coordinating the movements or reflexes of the
different parts of the body to attain the desired
performance of an activity.
a. Psychomotor learning
b. aesthetic learning
c. bodily movement coordination
d. motor learning g
e. law of readiness
818)

Appreciation of the good and beautiful and


abhorrence of the bad.
a. associative of learning
b. aesthetic learning
c. connectionism theory
d. gestalt theory
e. law of readiness

819)

Development by reading and studying that


enriches knowledge.
a. associative of learning
b. aesthetic learning
c. connectionism theory
d. Thorndikes connectionism theory
e. law of readiness

Identify what type, kind, law of theory of learning


each of the following indicates:
810) Acquisition of knowledge, facts, information, ideas
and concepts.
a. law of learning
b. cognitive learning
c. manipulative dexterity
d. gestalt theory
e. law of readiness
811) Involves the use of muscles and bodily movements.
a. psychomotor learning
b. cognitive learning
c. motor learning
d. law of exercise
e. law of readiness
812) Involves the accurate and precise use of hands
and feed in handling gadgets, machines , tools and
equipments.
a. law of learning
d. gestalt theory
b. aesthetic learning
e. law of readiness
c. manipulative dexterity
813) Performing a series of solutions to a problem until
the right one is found.
a. structuralism
d. gestalt psychology
b. functionalism
e. purposive psychology
c. trial and error

820) Learning based on association between stimuli and


responses.
a. associative of learning
b. aesthetic learning
c. connectionism theory
d. law of readiness
e. none of these
821) Going at once into water to learn how to swim.
a. associative of learning
b. aesthetic learning
c. connectionism theory
d. law of readiness
e. none of these
822)

When an organism is ready to act, action is


satisfying, inaction is annoying.

Page 50 of 104
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

associative of learning
aesthetic learning
connectionism theory
gestalt theory
law of readiness

a. theory of generalization d.
configuration
b. classical conditioning theory
readiness
c. connectionism theory

theory

of

e. law of

823) Learning is strengthened if it gives satisfaction to


the leaner.
a. associative of learning
b. cognitive learning
c. connectionism theory
d. law of effect
e. law of readiness

831) Experiences in one situation can be applied in


another learning situation.
a. theory of generalization
b. classical conditioning theory
c. connectionism theory
d. theory of configuration
e. law of readiness

824) The more a connection is repeated, drilled upon or


reviewed, the stronger it becomes.
a. associative of learning
b. cognitive learning
c. connectionism theory
d. law of effect
e. law of readiness

832) Learning with reflex action.


a. theory of generalization
c. congenital theory
d. theory of configuration
e. law of readiness

825) The dog, upon the ringing of a bell, salivates


whether food is presented or not.
a. associative of learning
b. classical conditioning theory
c. connectionism theory
d. law of effect
e. law of readiness
826) An individual tends to repeat a rewarding behavior
or situation and avoid unpleasant ones.
a. operant conditioning theory
b. classical conditioning theory
c. connectionism theory
d. law of effect
e. law of readiness
827) Use of insight and understanding in learning.
a. associative of learning
b. classical conditioning theory
c. connectionism theory
d. law of readiness
e. none of these
828) The behavior of the individual is the result of the
interaction between internal forces (individuals
traits) and external forces (environment).
a. theory of generalization
b. classical conditioning theory
c. connectionism theory
d. theory of configuration
e. none of these
829) Learning, involves acquisition, transformation and
evaluation.
a. theory of generalization
b. classical conditioning theory
c. connectionism theory
d. theory of configuration
e. none of these
830) Similar to the Gestalt theory, this refers to the
unified or total pattern of organization of a learning
situation so that the components lose their identity."

833) Braille reading as form of learning.


a. associative of learning
b. aesthetic learning
c. sensory learning
d. gestalt theory
e. law of readiness
834) Learning how to write a story or a novel.
a. Psychomotor learning
b. aesthetic learning
c. bodily movement coordination
d. motor learning
e. law of readiness
835) Furnishes explanations of mental and emotional
maladjustments in terms of the inability of the
individual to satisfy his own desires and emphasizes
the values of mental and emotional therapy as cure
for emotional cases or problems.
a. temperament or emotion
b. capacities and special aptitudes
c. drives, needs, wants, urges
d. reflexes
e. personality
f. motivation
836) Which of the philosophical position could plausibly
be taken to support the practice of allowing students
to choose their own educational goals and
experiences?
a. Positivism
d. realism
b. Existentialism
e. perenialism
c. essentialism
837)

The most important educational contribution


made by the primitive people who influence our
modern societies was their _____.
a. initiation ceremonies and animism
b. crude sciences
c. vocational education
d. religion and philosophies
e. vocational education

Page 51 of 104
838)

Education during this period was essentially


intellectual discipline based on rational
arguments. These points to ___.
a. feudalistic education c. scholastic education
b. saracenic education d. monastic education

a. Confucianism
b. Taoism

c. Shintoism
d. Zen Buddhism

847)

Confucius asserted that in teaching there should


be no distinction of classes.
Confuciuss
teaching is in support of
a. moral recovery program
b. back-to-basics
c. education for all
d. values education

848)

The emphasis is given on respect and care for


the aged in Value Education classes goes along
with teaching of an Oriental philosopher by the
name of __
a. Hsun tsu
c. Kung-fu-tsu
b. Mo tsu
d. Lao tsu

849)

The current emphasis on the development of


critical thinking by the use of philosophic
methods that emphasize debate and discussion
began with ___
a. Confucius
c. Aristotle
b. Socrates
d. Plato

This 18th century doctrine advocates for


education in accordance with nature. Educator
who holds this view stressed that in learning the
child should be ____.
a. naturally disciplined for him to concentrate
more
b. allowed to develop according to his own
inner impulses and inclinations
c. subjected to a specific regimen or training
d. trained in accordance with the standards set
by the teacher

850)

The inclusion of Logic in the curriculum is


perhaps an influence of the importance of logic
that ____ stressed.
a. St. Agustine
c. The Hedonists
b. The Humanists d. The Scholastics

851)

Spiritual training disciplines both mind and body.


The individual soul is part of his absolute soul.
These thoughts from part of ____ philosophy.
a. Greek
c. Hebrew
b. Chinese
d. Hindu

842)

In the history of educational system, including


that of the Philippines, which system was first
and has remained a partner of other system of
education?
a. Formal
c. pre-school
b. Informal
d. non-formal

852)

843)

If a ruler wants to maintain himself in power he


must govern by moral power. Upon whose
teaching is this based?
a. Kung-fu-tzu
c. Buddha
b. Lao Tzu
d. Mohammad

The law of karma, what you sow you reap, are


words often said when Filipinos attempt to
explain a misfortune perceived to be rightly
deserved by someone. This originated from the
__
a. Hebrews
c. Greeks
b. Hindus
d. Chinese

853)

The commonly used question-and-answer


method that includes debate and discussion is in
consonance with the method of ___
a. Confucius
c. Aristotle
b. Plato
d. Socrates

854)

To occupy a government position, one had to


pass an examination of Confucian thought. From
whom did this influence come?
a. Hebrews
c. Hindus
b. Chinese
d. Greeks

839)

840)

841)

844)

The Athenian ideal of education was the


formation of a cultural soul in a graceful and
symmetrical body. This is achieved by ____.
a. using the seven liberal arts
b. putting the emphasis on physical education
c. a well balanced development of mind, body
and soul
d. adopting the philosophy Know thyself
Which of the following illustrates the Christian
perspective of democracy in education?
a. education controlled by the government
b. education subsidized by the government
c. education of all human beings without
distinction of race, social economic or
political status or the like
d. equal opportunities of educating men and
women

Which of the following ways of life refer to


Taoism?
a. practice an all embracing love
b. practice the golden rule
c. love one another
d. be natural

845)

According to Confucius, what is the best way to


rule a people and attain harmony?
a. by allowing people to do as they please
b. by consulting the governed
c. by force
d. by moral example

846)

The cultivation of reflective and meditative skills


in teaching is an influence of

855) Ancient Chinese education consisted of:


a. mastery of numerous technically alphabet
and languages
b. memorization and exact imitation of the
works of Confucius mastery of mathematics
and sciences
c. A & B answers
d. None of these

Page 52 of 104
856) Education in ancient India was based on their caste
system, which means:
a. all people were free to get education
b. education was reserved for the upper class
Brahman
c. education was informal
d. education for the men only
e. all people shall go to heaven
857) There is similarity between the Hindu-philosophy
and Christian religion in the sense that:
a. Both Hindus and Christians aim for unity,
harmony, eternal peace and enjoyment
b. Both Hindus and Christians believe in the
same God
c. Both Hindus and Christians emphasized
religion and morality
d. A & C answers
e. None of these
858) Which of the following describes education in
ancient Egypt?
a. Parable, conversational method was used
b. Apprenticeship method was used in teaching
skills
c. Vocational training, embalming, astronomy,
mathematics were taught in the temples
d. B & C answers
e. None of these
859) Ancient Chinas educational practice is comparable
to the present practice in Philippines bureaucracy
as:
a. Analects of Confucius are taught in schools
b. Every examination that an individual passed
has a corresponding decoration in dresses,
in household as well.
c. Passing civil service exam is a requirement
for employment
d. Passing government examination is useless
860) Egyptians ancient picture writing system is
known as____.
a. Papyrus
d. palaestra
b. Hieroglyphics
e. paedotribe
c. scriba
861) Ancient Jewish education is associated with _____.
a. synagogues temple schools
b. bible and the Talmud
c. religious education by Rabbis who were
teacher priest
d. all of these
e. none of these
862) Ancient Greeks liberal education was intended for
_____.
a. religious and moral purposes

d. development of well-rounded personality


e. intellectual development
863) Aside from the liberal and democratic education,
Greeks contributions to the world include:
a. Olympics games d. all of these
b. mythology
e. none of these
c. democracy, philosophy
864) Greeks first Olympic games were held to honor
____.
a. king or rulers
b. gods and goddesses
c. athletes
d. philosophers and scientists
e. dead ancestors
865) Which of the following describes the Greek City of
Sparta?
a. authoritarian government
b. military city state, military academy
c. at birth, the child is taken cared by the
mother but at the age of seven he is turned
over the paidonomous
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
866) Which of the following describes the Greek City of
Athens?
a. liberal education
b. freedom of thoughts, expression and religion
c. education was a family responsibility, every
male child is given a pedagogues or a tutor
for good and responsible citizen
d. all of these
e. none of these
867) The modern Greek scholars who wandered from
place to place and taught lesson for a free were
known as ____.
a. Kitharist
d. Philosophers
b. Sophists
e. Solon
c. Grammatists
868) Which of the following does not belong to Ancient
Athenian schools?
a. palaestra gymnastic school
b. paedotribe teacher of gymnasts
c. music school, kitharist music teacher,
grammar school, grammatists teacher of
letters
d. all of these
e. none of these
869) Greeks Homeric ideal was the Man of Action
typified by _____.
a. Achilles
d. Zeus
b. Odysseus
e. Hercules
c. Pericles

b. physical development
c. moral-spiritual development

870)
Plato proposed that the society should be divided
into classes of people based on their talents and

Page 53 of 104
intelligence. Who should be the guardians or rulers of
the society?
a. Philosophical class
b. Warrior class
c. Artesian or Industrial class
d. mathematics, science class
e. god and goddesses
871) The school established by Plato was known as
______.
a. Lyceum
b. University of Alexandria
c. Academy
d. University of Athens
e. University of Sparta
872) Greek university of Alexandria had excellent
products like Euclid in the field of geometry, in the
filed of physics they produced.
a. Archimedes
d.
Herodutos
b. Erasthosthenes
c. Demonsthenes

e. Cicero

c. Higher

education

or

rhetoric

schools

d. All of these
e. None of these
878) The Roman fathers right over his children was
known as:
a. patria protestas d. dominica
b. manus
e. familias reglas
c. potestas dominica
879) The greatest Roman orator who rose to power.
a. Quintilian
d.
Augustus Caesar
b. Seneca
c. Cicero

e. Julius Caesar

880) Christianity became official religion of the Roman


empire by successive decree issued by the Emperor.
a. Nero
d. Julius Caesar
b. Constantine
e. Pompeii
c. Augustus Caesar

873) Which of the following is not a contribution by the


Romans?
a. Latin Language
b. The Laws of the Twelve Tables
c. The Roman Senate
d. Christianity
e. None of these

881) For many are called but few are chosen: is the
Christs teaching method called ____.
a. Parable method
b. Proverbial or gnomic method
c. Conversional method
d. Dialectic method
e. Divine method

874) Music, arts, painting, sculpture and others are often


by modern societies as ____.
a. social science
d.
fine arts

882) A school called _ provided early Christian education


for few converts.
a. Catechumenal d. Episcopal

b. humanities
c. behavioral science

e. veritas

875) The difference between the ancient Greek


Athenians and Spartans was the fact that ____.
a. Athenians emphasized physical and military
warfare, while the Spartans focused more on
music, arts, philosophy and poetry.
b. Athenians emphasized music, arts, and
philosophy while Spartans were on physical
fitness, discipline and military warfare.
c. Athenians emphasized freedom, while
Spartans were totalitarian, socialistic in
nature.
d. B & C answers
e. None of these
876) Roman education focused more attention on:
a. Practical education, emphasizing the study
of orator, rhetoric, laws, government
b. Respect for parents, military training using
the biography methods
c. Christianity
d. All of these
e. None of these
877) Which of the following is not a Roman school?
a. Elementary-school of the literature or Ludi
Magister
b. Secondary-school of the Grammaticus or
Literatus

b. Catechetical
c. Cathedral

e. cosmopolitan

883) Which of the following describes medieval period,


middle age or Dark Age?
a. Refers to the span of time from the downfall
of the Roman Empire in the year A. D. 476 to
the beginning of the Renaissance period
about 1333.
b. Religious education was strict, rigid and
punishment was severe.
c. Religious education included logic,
philosophy and brings reason to faith.
d. All of these
e. None of these
884) Which of the following describes monasticism?
a. organization characterized by strict
observance of the rules of poverty, chastity
and obedience.
b. Monks spent their lives in working, studying
and praying.
c. Manual labor was emphasized as indolence
was termed the enemy of the soul.
d. All of these
e. None of these.
885) Monastic rules were formulated by ____.
a. St. Augustine
d. St. Thomas Aquinas
b. St. Benedict
e. St. John

Page 54 of 104
c. St. Peter
886) The Seven Liberal Arts as literary heritage of
monasticism exclude ____.
a. Platos trivium of grammar, rhetoric, and
dialectic
b. Quadrivium of arithmetic, geometry music
and astronomy
c. Ecclesiastical control in the study of Seven
Liberal Arts
d. All of these
e. None of these
887) Which of the following describes Scholasticism?
a. education was an intellectual discipline
b. the purpose of the movement was to bring
reason to faith and support theology by
using logic
c. truths scholastic claimed possessed formal
value as much of their activities consisted
merely of endless and profitless discussion
about words and terms.
d. All of these
e. None of these
888) The foremost proponent of scholastic movement
who wrote the Summa Theological that became the
basis of the majority of the doctrines of the Catholic
Church was ____.
a. St. Anselm
d. St. Paul
b. St. Thomas Aquinas
c. St. Benedict

e. St. Augustine

889) Which of the following does not describe Chivalry


a. education was a social discipline where a
boy of noble birth had to pass the stages of
page, squire, and knighthood.
b. education was limited to warfare and religion
c. education was for intellectual discipline
through sciences and mathematics
d. education was for the development of wellrounded personality
890) The Guild-System was established for the purpose
of ____.
a. protecting the interests of middle class such
as skilled craftsman, businessmen
b. serving the royal families
c. establishing churches
d. attacking the moors as religious enemies
through the Crusades
e. none of these
891)

Under the Guild System, the school, which


served as a vocational school for the craft guild
or skilled workers, was known as _____.
a. chanty school
d.
merchant school
b. guild school
c. burgher school

892)

e. nonformal school

Six hundred years after birth of Christ a new


religion, founded by Mohammed took root in
Arabia. These Arabs who were also known as

Saracens among the moors of Spain established


a religion known as _____.
a. Islam based on the Quran or Koran Holy
Scripture
b. Buddhism based on Gantama Buddhas
teaching
c. Confucianism based on Confucius Analects
d. Hinduism based on Vedas Scripture
e. None of these
893) Renaissance was characterized by as a ____.
a. revival of ancient learning brought about the
discovery of the New World
b. fascinating stories of Marco Polo about the
wealth and technology of the East, that is
China under Kublai Khan
c. the invention of the printing press and other
events
d. all of these
e. none of these
894) A movement, which is the result of the alleged
abuses of Catholic Church led by Martin Luther,
was known as ____.
a. Revolution
d.
Transfiguration
b. Reformation
c. Transformation

e. Contradiction

895) Catholics response to demands for change and


liberalization of the Church practices leading to the
establishment of Jesuits orders and La Salle was
known as ____.
a. Counter Reformation
b.
c.
d.
e.
896)

Social Transformation
Religious Exaltation
Institutional Development
Social Reform

The content of education during the reformation


includes the ____.
a. study of bible and all the skills required to
understand it
b. a continuation of humanistic subjects such
as history, mathematic subjects, such as
history, natural science
c. use of the vernacular instead of Latin ion the
Church
d. all of these
e. none of these

897) Scholasticism is a philosophy which states that


___.
a. school is the only source of learning
b. man is rational who has to use reason to
support his religious beliefs
c. man is both physical, spiritual and rational in
nature
d. B & C
e. None of these
898) The aim of Scholastic education is to discipline
mans _____.
a. physical body
b. spirit or school

Page 55 of 104
c. intellect or mind
d. emotion s, attitudes, values
e. society
899) As an offshoot of the influence of Scholasticism,
present education, especially in Catholic seminars,
must include the following subjects in the curricula:
a. science, experimentation
b. religion, logic, ethics, philosophy
c. social studies and sciences
d. vocational-technical courses
e. community service
900) The present military training for our schools came
from ___.
a. Athens
c. Sparta
b. Greece
c. Rome
901) Life among primitive or tribal people was very
simple. Their organization was tribal not political,
which is, their ___ is usually the oldest or the wisest
among members of the clan.
a. head
c. preacher
b. teacher
d. warrior
902) During the primitive education, there was no
reading or writing, however, information was
transmitted through ___.
a. word of mouth c. ceremonial rites
b. songs
d. all of the above
903) Among the aims of Sumerian education was to train
the learners to be good and to do good things
especially to their god and to humanity called ___.
a. Ra or Amon Ra c. namlulu
b. Osiris

d. Seth

907) During the early Egyptian education, they used the


hieroglyphics form of writing. The Greek words
hieros
a. aware
c. sacred
b. villain
d. hero
908) During the early Egyptian education, they used the
hieroglyphics form of writing. The Greek words
glypho
a. to carve
c. to read
b. to write

d. to see

909) The outstanding contribution to education of the


early Egyptian period is:
a. cuneiform writing
b. started the rudiments of education from
which evolved the modern educational
systems
c. geometrical measurement and surveying
d. decimal system of arithmetical notation
910) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient
religious wisdom. Rig Veda means:
a. Veda of Sacred Formulas
b. Veda of Charms
c. Veda of Psalms and Verses
d. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge
911)Vedas are composed of collection of ancient religious
wisdom. Yajur Veda means:
a. Veda of Sacred Formulas
b. Veda of Charms
c. Veda of Psalm and Verses
d. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge

904) The outstanding contribution to education by the


Sumerian period is:
a. cuneiform writing

912) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient


religious wisdom. Sama Veda means:
a. Veda of psalms and verses

b. started the rudiments of education from


which evolved the modern educational
systems
c. geometrical measurement and surveying

b. Veda of Charms
c. Veda of Chants
d. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge

d. decimal system of arithmetical notation


905) Egypt, the gift of Nile, is situated in the in the
northern part of the African continent. Ancient Egypt
was a desert country watered only by the Nile
River, which flooded the country from August to
October, leaving behind a very rich black earth.
The river flows into the Mediterranean Sea. The
government of Egypt was autocratic, ruled by a
king called ___.
a. Pharoah `
c. Kshatriyas
b. Pariahs
d. Brahmas
906) The Egyptians were polytheistic. They worshipped
the sun god, ____.
a. namlulu
c. ra or amon ra
b. ummia
d. kitharist

913) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient


religious wisdom. Atharva Veda means
a. compilation of ethics, customs and traditions
b. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge
c. veda of psalms and verses
d. Veda of Charms
914) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient
religious wisdom. The Angas means:
a. compilation of ethics, customs and traditions
b. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge
c. veda of psalms and verses
d. Veda of Charms
915) Vedas are composed of collection of ancient
religious wisdom. The Code of Manu means:

Page 56 of 104
a. Veda of psalms and verses
b. Veda of Charms
c. compilation of ethics, customs and traditions

924) The word Islam is the infinitive of the Arabic verb


aslama which means:
a. to praise
c. to surrender

d. Hindu scientific and philosophical knowledge


916) The outstanding contribution to education of the
early Hindu period is:
a. administration of civil service examination
b. free development of all human capacities
c. use of the vernacular as a tool of teaching
d. decimal system of arithmetical notation
917) The basic of philosophy of early Chinese education
was based on the writings of ____ and other
Chinese philosophers.
a. Plato
d. Mao Tse Tung
b. Aristotle
e. Confucius
c. Socrates
918) A philosophical school established by Socrates
where the inductive method was mainly used is
known as:
a. School of Philosophy
b. School of the Lyceum
c. School of Academy
d. Epicurean School
919)

A philosophical school formed by the fusion of


the Socrates School of Philosophy and the
Isocratic School of Rhetorics is known as:
a. Epicurean School
b. School of the Academy
c. University of Athens
d. School of the Lyceum

b. to believe

d. to worship

925) The following are some of the outstanding


contribution of Muslim education to the present
educational system.
a. provided the foundation of modern academic
freedom
b. algebra and trigonometry in the field of
mathematics
c. replacing the roman numerals with figures
borrowed from the Hindus
d. using the laboratory and experimental
method in the teaching of science
926)

The following are outstanding contribution of


American education except one:
a. progressivism
b. graduate school
c. democratic education
d. close coordination between theory and
practice

927)

The Greeks legacy to the world is democracy.


As a teacher, how can you show your being
democratic?
a. consider your students as capable of
independence learning
b. give the students freedom to express ideas
in any way
c. treat everyone fairly in terms of learning
opportunities
d. reward the good students and punish the
misbehaving ones

920) A philosophical school established by Plato is


known as:
a. University of Athens
b. School of Philosophy
c. School of Lyceum
d. School of the Academy

928) To occupy a government position, one had to pas s


an examination on Confucian thought. From whom
did this influence come?
a. Hebrews
c. Chinese

921) A philosophical school established by Aristotle is


known as:
a. School of the Academy
b. School of the Lyceum
c. University of Athens
d. Epicurean School

929) Greeks Iliad and Odyssey were the famous


mythology written by:
a. Achilles
c. Homer

922) The two camps were reconciled by ____ when he


wrote in his Summa Theologiae, the universal is
implanted in the object and the universal is
comprehended by the mind of man after the object.
a. Thomas Aquinas c. Abelard
b. Anselm

d. Romulus Augustus

923) The Islam religion was founded by:


a. Gau Tamma
c. Mohammed
b. Muhammad

d. Muslim

b. Hindus

b. Plato

d. Greeks

d. Herodotus

930) The most famous sophist who said that man is the
measure of all things was:
a. Plato
c. Socrates
b. Protagoras

d. Seneca

931) The root of the present system of formal education


can be traced to the ancient times. Which of the
ancient education accounts started formal
education?
a. Ancient Greek education
b. Ancient Oriental education
c. Ancient Roman education

Page 57 of 104
d. Early Christian education
941)
932)

Vocational education responds to the need of


middle level manpower and skilled labor in any
society. Which of these countries already
practiced the type of education, which is the
forerunner of vocational education today?
a. Greece
c. India
b. Egypt
d. China

933)

Which of these can best describe the essence of


ancient education in India?
a. use of reason
c. social stratification
b. education for ethical life d. love of nature

934)

Which of these ancient Oriental philosophies


stressed harmony with nature?
a. Taoism
c. Hinduism
b. Buddhism
d. Jainism

b. Sparta

It is the belief of the Jewish people that the Torah,


the Law, was handed down to Moses from Yahweh,
the Almighty God. What did this imply before in
their ancient education?
a. religious discipline
b. liberation from sin
c. Religious conformity
d. d. education as an apostolate

Which of the following abilities is stressed by


humanistic education?
a. Enjoy the great works of man such as the
classics
b. Learn the different philosophies in education
c. Make man distinctly civilized, educated and
refined
d. Develop man into a thinking individual

943)

The Athenian ideal of education is to form a


cultural in a graceful and symmetrical body. How
can this be achieved?
a. by giving more focus on health education
b. by adapting the philosophy know thyself
c. by improving emphasis on physical
education
d. by a well-balanced development of mind,
body and soul

944)

Basic education includes secondary education.


Which of the following contributed to the
establishment of secondary schools?
a. Humanistic education
c.
Rationalism
b. c. Reformation

945)

937) The application of scientific knowledge to affair of


daily life was the dominant theme of their early
education. Which people are referred here?
a. Egyptians
c. Greeks
b. Romans
d. Arabs/Saracens
938)

Which of these modern educators advocated a


child centered education exemplified in his work
Emile?
a. Herbart Spencer
b. John Locke
c. Jean Jacques Rousseau

946)

940)

Which of these modern educators criticized


traditional education describing it as the
pedagogy of the oppressed?
a. Pedro Poveda
b. Maria Montessori
c. Paolo Freire
d. John Henry Newman
Which of these religious orders who were still and
still are active in education, which adheres to the
motto To the greater glory of God.
a. Jesuits
c. Dominicans
b. Franciscans

d. Benedictines

d. Egyptians

This type of ancient education was characterized


by creative activity and logical thinking. It gave
us culture and enlightenment. They also became
the first greatest sportsmen. This type of ancient
education is known as:
a. Spartan
c. Athenian
b. Greek

948)

d. Athenian

They were practical people who successfully


managed their everyday affairs. Their education
was utilitarian and emphasized the practical
application of learned theories. They developed
the virtues essential to the exercise of their rights
and the discharge of their duties and obligations.
They were:
a. Romans
c. Spartans
b. Jewish

947)

d. Realistic

Tutoring of learners is now practiced in our


school provided it is not done by their own
teacher but by an outsider. Which of these
Western philosophies influenced this practiced?
a. Egyptian
c. Greek
b. Roman

d. John Amos Comenius


939)

d. Rome

942)

935) The type of education was more of an intellectual


discipline. The purpose of this movement was to
bring reason to faith and support theology by using
logic.
a. Scholasticism
c. Monasticism
b. Buddhism
d. Hinduism
936)

The present military training in our school


curriculum is an influence of
a. Greece
c. Athens

d. Roman

This 2,200-year-old tomb of Qin Shihuang shows


much of China emperor extreme security.
a. Terra Cotta
c. Tiannamen Square

Page 58 of 104
b. Great Wall
949)

d. Bhudda Temple

Which of the following could be an off shoot of


Confucius Golden Rule Do unto others, as what
you wan others do unto to you?
a. love begets love, hate begets violence
b. love and hate can go together
c. love your enemies
d. love conquers all
e. none of these

950)

Following Socrates philosophy of Idealism,


teachers emphasize the teaching of:
a. Science and Technology d.
Vocational
Education
b. Social Science
e. None of these
c. Moral, Spiritual, Values Education

951)

Aristotles philosophy on Realism calls for the


emphasis of teaching:
a. Character, ethical, logical education
b. Science/Nature study

a. Participation of the young rituals and


ceremonies and in incidental apprenticeship
to the activities of the family and tribe.
b. Aimed at selecting and training people for
public service
c. It was a venue for military training.
d. It aimed at preparing men to know God and
to live peacefully among their fellows.
957)

The Athenian system of education would have


closer resemblance to the presentday education
than Spartan education. Why?
a. Athenian education mainly prepared the
learners for war, while the Spartan education
aimed at full rounded development.
b. Spartan education mainly prepared the
learners for war, while the Athenian
education aimed at full rounded
development.
c. Athenian education did not impose any form
of discipline, while Spartan education
imposed discipline that was cruel and very
harsh.
d. Both Athenian and Spartan education
emphasized physical training to the neglect
of intellectual training.

958)

Which of the following practices characterizes


humanism as an educational development?
a. Interest in human nature and revival of the
classics
b. Submissiveness to the demands imposed by
church authorities
c. Printing of books and salvation of the souls
d. Backtobasics and revival of the arts

c. Mathematics
d. Vocational education
e. None of these
952)

Modern education always offers general courses


like Math, languages, music, arts, painting and
others. This would be influenced made by the:
a. Primitive people
d. Hindus
b. Chinese
e. Muslims
c. Greeks/Romans

953)

Which of the following is Spaniards greatest


contribution to Philippine education?
a. Establishment of sectarian colleges and
universities
b. Propagation of Spanish language
c. Introduction of Christian religion in Philippine
schools
d. A and C
e. None of these

954)

The early Roman education aimed at the


development of vir bonus, which meant:
a. the good citizen, the good soldier, the good
worker
b. the man possessing all virtues essential for
the exercise of his rights and the discharge
of his duties and obligations
c. the good soldier, but, not the good worker
d. both a and b

955) Egyptian education was highly practical and


empirical. Why?
a. It involved the study of subjects that could be
applied in their daily life.
b. It provided the modern world with basic
foundations of education and other subjects.
c. It was a venue for military training.
d. It emphasized total submission to the state.
956) Which of the following characterizes Chinese
education?

959) With few available books, the monastic schools


resorted to:
a. the use of Latin as the medium of instruction
b. recitation and memorization
c. dictation, memorization and Socratic method
d. dictation, memorization, but, not Socratic
method
960) Both Cicero and Quintilian believed in the
development of the ideal person, the orator. In
which aspect did their ideas differ?
a. Cicero believed in the development of the
ability to speak and persuade people, while
Quintilian believed otherwise.
b. Cicero believed that the orator should have
wide experience to be able to convince
people, while, such wide experience was not
necessary according to Quintilian.
c. To Cicero, what was important was to be
able to persuade people through speech,
while Quintilian; a good orator must also be
a man of integrity.
d. Both believed in memory and moralizing.
961) The Athenian ideal of education is to develop a
cultural soul in a graceful and symmetrical body.
How can this be achieved?
a. By giving more emphasis on health
education

Page 59 of 104
b. By providing more situations for the
development of values
c. Give more focus to physical education
d. Have a wellbalanced development of mind,
body and soul
962) Which one is contrary to the truth about the early
Filipinos education?
a. Every activity was aimed for survival and for
security reasons.
b. Every home is a virtual school.
c. Every individual progressed beyond the
mentors ability and skill.
d. Every parent was a teacher.
963)

964)

965)

966)

967)

Which of the following educational practices was


not included in Da Feltres educational
contributions?
a. Adapting the work of the individual to his
needs and capacities
b. A balance between mental and physical
activity
c. Use of punishment as a motive for learning
d. Inclusion of play in the curriculum and
developing the power to think
Which of the following is the greatest contribution
of the Americans to the Philippine education
system?
a. democratic teachers
b. English language
c. Public schools
d. study of the 3Rs
Which of the following is considered as the
greatest contribution of the Spaniards to our
country in terms of education along the aspect of
moral development?
a. Mass education
b. Social distinction
c. Spread of Christianity
d. Use of Spanish language
John Deweys emphasis in education was on the
development of an individual capable of reflective
thinking, which connotes:
a. being able to solve the problems he faces
individually and in group
b. developing the capacities of the child
through a continual interaction with his
environment
c. that learning takes place when the child is
ready for it
d. education involves the use of memory,
imagination, perception and motor dexterity
Which of the following contributions of the realists
to educational methods would you consider a
scientific?
a. Everything must be learned first in the
mother tongue.
b. Words must not be repeated.
c. Learning starts from senses.
d. There was to be homework.

968)

Which would be given least emphasis as a result


of the influence of nationalism in education?
a. creation of a common language
b. the teaching of history and geography
c. music as an essential part of the curricula
d. education for intellectual aristocracy

969) Rousseaus principle of individualization points out


that:
a. The child is allowed to grow naturally.
b. Nothing was to be done for the pupil if he
could do it himself
c. Each child was to develop according to his
own nature.
d. Nothing and allow nothing to be done.
970)

Which of the following summarizes John Lockes


tabula rasa theory?
a. Education consists of training the mind by
imposing appropriate discipline.
b. Training the mind and the body
c. The childs mind can be enriched through
experience, which necessarily employs
perception through the senses.
d. The childs mind, upon birth, is like a blank
sheet, which grows larger as a child gets
older.

971)

Scholasticism tried to rationalize the doctrine of


the Church. Which of the following is not in
accordance with this movement?
a. It attempted to give supporting authority to
the intellect.
b. It tried to justify faith by reason and logic.
c. It limited itself to scientific and empirical
activities.
d. It aimed to substantiate theology by logic.

972) Herbarts principle of apperception postulated that:


a. Learning new knowledge can be facilitated
by recalling related old or previous learning.
b. In learning, focus should be on a single idea,
converted to the other ideas and then
mastered.
c. Knowledge an only be had with genuine
interest.
d. All of the above.
973) The law of karma, what do you sow, you reap, are
words often said when Filipinos attempt to explain a
misfortune perceived to be rightly deserved by
someone. This originated from the
a. Hebrews
c. Greeks
b. Hindus
d. Chinese
974) What methods of teaching were used in both
disciplinism and rationalism?
a. sense-based
b. observation and experimentation
c. memorization and imitation
d. meditation and contemplation
e. exposition and exhortation
975) The maxim Know Thyself was popularized by
Socrates. Which of the following statements do you
think would aptly describe it?

Page 60 of 104
a. The individual knows about the subject
matter of the course.
b. He has a grasp of the strategies he will apply
in teaching the course.
c. He knows the rules and regulations of the
school he is currently connected with.
d. He is aware of his strengths and
weaknesses, capabilities and skills in
teaching the course.

b. Terman
983)

Education is a continuous process of


experiencing and of receiving or reorganizing
experiences, according to John Dewey. Which of
the following situations is apt to happen in
education as influenced Deweys philosophy?
a. education takes place in the school where
the individual is exposed to specific, self
contained experiences
b. education may take place anywhere and
anytime the individual so desires
c. education is never completed and goes on
throughout life
d. education may take place informally to
enable the individual to grow

984)

Ms. Constantino regards the student as a


spiritual entity and as part of the larger spiritual
universe.
To what philosophy does Ms.
Constantino subscribe?
a. Existentialism
c. Realism
b. Idealism
d. Pragmatism

985)

Who among the following believes that learning


requires disciplined attention, regular homework,
and respect for legitimate authority?
a. Perennialist
c. Essentialist
b. Reconstructionalist
d. Progressivist

986)

Teacher B is concerned with conceptual matters


since reality is mental. Teacher Bs thinking is
quite.
a. Pragmatic
c. Existential
b. Realistic
d. Idealistic

987)

Who among the following stressed the processes


of experience and problem solving?
a. Plato
c. Aristotle
b. Dewey
d. Hegel

988)

Dr. Melgo emphasizes to his students the


importance of deep personal reflection on ones
commitments and choices. Dr. Melgo subscribes
to which philosophy?
a. Pragmatism
c. Idealism
b. Existentialism
d. Realism

989)

Teacher A believes that creation of knowledge is


by way of the learners interaction with their
environment. Teacher A is more of ___.
a. an idealist
c. an existentialist
b. a pragmatist
d. a realist

976) The first kindergarten also known as a garden


where children could grow was the product of
research by:
a. Pestalozzi
c.
Herbart
b. Rousseau

d. Froebel

977) According to John Deweys education is a


continuous process of experiencing and revising or
reorganizing experiences.
This means that
education ___.
a. may take place anywhere and anytime the
individual so desires
b. is never completed and goes on throughout
life
c. make take place formally or informally to
enable the individual to grow
d. takes place in the school where the
individual is exposed to specific, selfcontained experiences
978)

979)

980)

981)

Democracy in education from the Christian


perspective is viewed as ___.
a. equal education for men and women
b. education controlled by the state
c. education is subsidized by the state
d. education of all human beings without
distinction of sex, age, race, rank, social
economic or political status
Education entrepreneurs are beginning to realize
the significance of pre-school education in terms
of their influence to later training. Hence, they try
to make learning as meaningful to the learner as
possible. Whose philosophy of education is most
apt in this particular situation?
a. Platos
c. Emmanuel Kants
b. Aristotles
d. John Deweys
With whose ideas is the development of
contemporary curriculum program in elementary
education primarily associated?
a. Edward Thorndike
c. John Dewey
b. Henry Barnard
d. Horace Mann
In content, this movement initiated a systematic
objective analysis of curriculum materials in order
to determine scientifically what should be taught.
This refers to ____.
a. Rationalism
b. Developmentalism
c. Scientific determinism
d. Social experimentalism

982)
With whose
identified?
a. Binet

philosophy

was

c. Dewey

pragmatism

d. Pestalozzi

990)
Which of the following does not refer to
existentialism?
a. social existence means anarchy and
violence
b. existence means creativity and uniqueness
c. existence means self-choice and selfdetermination
d. each man shapes his own life and destiny
991)

Life is what you make it. What you become is


up to you. This thought comes from the
a. Existentialist
c. idealist

Page 61 of 104
b. Realist
992)

993)

994)

995)

996)

d. philosophical analyst

Ms. Rochelle Esteban views her students as a


unique and responsible individual. She plans
activities and structures her teaching in such
manner that her students and develops her
uniqueness. Which theory does she uphold?
a. Perennialism
c. existentialism
b. Realism
d. essentialism
Ms. Margarette Cassi is a firm believer of
Roussean theory that education should be
according to nature. To be in accord with nature,
which of the following will Ms. Cassi do?
a. treat the child as little adults
b. treat the child as a noble savage
c. treat the child as though he was little adult
d. treat the child according to the laws of
growth and development
Ms. Geraldine Saladas is pragmatic teacher.
Which of the following ideas will she reject?
a. that knowledge is produced by a transaction
between man and his environment
b. the values must alter as culture and societies
must change
c. that the mind is passive and receptive
d. that what word best is true
John Dewey regarded education as a continuous
process of experiencing and reorganizing
experience. Which statement explains best his
ideas?
a. education takes place in school
b. education goes on throughout life
c. education continues anywhere, anytime
d. education takes place formally with the
teacher
The Philippine Elementary School Curriculum
(NESC) gives greater emphasis on the
development of basic skills specially the 3 Rs.
What is the philosophical basis for this?

a. Essentialism
c. existentialism
b. Progressivism d. reconstructionism
997)

Values Education is an additional subject in the


Philippine New Secondary Curriculum. Which
educational philosophy justifies this change in the
curriculum?
a. Humanism
c. existentialism
b. Reconstructionism
d. progressivism

998)

John Dewey advocates which of the following?


a. something is true if it works
b. morality is for persons
c. everything in this world is tentative, a series
of means and ends
d. what is right or wrong depends on the
situation

999) Your teacher is of the opinion that the world and


everything in it are ever changing and so teaches
you the skill to cope with change. Which is his
governing philosophy?

a. Existentialism
b. Realism

c. idealism
d. experimentalism

1000) On which theory is the logical sequencing of


curriculum based?
a. Perennialism
c. essentialism
b. Progressivism d. reconstructionism
1001) Do not teach too many subjects. What you teach,
teach thoroughly said one philosopher. The
primary reason behind the advice is to insure that
teachers
a. cover all the PELCS/PSLCs
b. relate their lessons to their students daily life
c. avoid failing grades
d. avoid spoon feeding their students
1002) The back-to-basic curriculum is in essence a (an)
____ curriculum.
a. Existentialist
c. essentialist
b. Progressivist
d. perennialist
1003) Approach every pupil as she/he is without allowing
yourself to be influenced by your foreknowledge
of his/her home background is an advice from
a. essentialist
b. rationalist
c. positivist
d. existentialist-phenomenologist
1004) Sometimes it may better to make wrong decisions
when a decision is urgent to make a right
decision too late a thought encouraged by the
a. rationalist
c. realist
b. progressivist
d. existentialist
1005) After having been humiliated by his teacher,
student B evaluates that teacher very poorly
despite teachers excellent performance. Which
trait is illustrated Bs behavior?
a. rationalism
c. personalism
b. impersonalism
d. particularism
1006)

Jones, age 7, was removed from her class for


frequent fights with other children. She refused
to be disciplined and was to focus in class only
for a very short time. She also has frequent
tantrums. She is suffering from
a. mental retardation
b. down syndrome
c. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
d. learning disability

1007)

The strengthening of liberal education which


includes classical literature in the curriculum is
based on the though of ___.
a. rationalists
c. humanists
b. hedonists
d. stoics

1008) Which philosophy approves of a teacher who


lectures most of the time and requires his
students to memorize the rules of grammar?
a. pragmatism
c. realism
b. existentialism
d. idealism
1009)

The most popular among the pragmatist is

Page 62 of 104
a. John Dewey
b. William James

c. Edward Thorndike
d. Amos Comenius

1010)

He believes that we acquire knowledge of our


world thorough our senses. His also the pioneer
of the inductive and scientific method.
a. John Comenius
c. Jean Piaget
b. Johann Pestalozzi d. John Locke

1011)

He introduced the kindergarten or childs


garden to the educational system
a.
Maria Montessori
c.
Friedrich Froebel
b. Edward Paparazzi
d. Johann Herbart

1012)

1013)

Curriculum correlation is a concept wherein


subjects should be taught so it relates to other
subjects. The proponent of this concept is
a. Johan Herbart
c. John Comenius
b. Hermann Ebbinghaus d. Andrew Mc Birch
It is an area of philosophy which deals on the
nature of knowledge and the best methods of
teaching is
a. epistemology
c. metaphysics
b. ethics
d. aesthetics

1014)

Honesty remains a value even if nobody in an


organization values it. This pronouncement
comes from the mouth of a (an) ____.
a. pragmatist
c. reconstructionist
b. idealist
d. progressivist

1015)

A fresh graduate is usually idealistic. Which one


will most likely inspire her cling to her idealism?
a. introduction of educational innovations
b. support of living models
c. pressure of work
d. high salary

1016)

People have ideas about the world and they


learn these ideas by reflecting upon them,
according to the ____.
a. empiricist
c. rationalist
b. existentialist
d. pragmatist

1017)

1018)

1019)

1020)

Which of the following best describes the role of


a teacher from a perennialist perspective?
a. to expose the learner to up-to-date information
about Science and Math
b. to reveal the Wisdom of Ages such as those
contained in the Bible/Koran
c. to assist the learner clarify his/her value
priorities through self-analysis
d. to tell, interpret, or analyze complete
information to the students

1021)

Do not trust the senses since ideas arrived at


only by reason is an advice from the ____.
a. naturalist
c. existentialist
b. rationalist
d. empiricist

1022) Which is a weakness of the Montessori


approach?
a. fosters development of the cognitive skills
b. foster independence
c. emphasize verbal interaction
d. neglects childrens social development
1023)

1024) Which groups of philosophers have opposite


views?
a. rationalists and existentialist
b. rationalists and idealists
c. rationalists and naturalists
d. rationalists and empiricists
1025) Progressivism considers the nature of the child.
Which philosophy does NOT relate to this?
a. pragmatism
c. humanism
b. essentialism
d. naturalism
1026)

The inclusion of the study of Rizal and other


national heroes in the school curriculum in order
to inculcate love of country is base on a (an)
a. pragmatist philosophy
b. existentialist philosophy
c. idealist philosophy
d. realist philosophy

1027)

Who perpetuated the idea that reason is superior


to experience as a source of knowledge, thus
schools must develop human reason?
a. Humanists
c. Hedonists
b. Stoics
d. Rationalists

1028)

Faith, hope, and love are values now and forever


whether people will value them or not. Upon
what philosophy is this anchored?
a. Idealism
c. Realism
b. Existentialism
d. Pragmatism

1029)

His philosophy advocated a classical type of


liberal education or the study of the humanities.

Whose thought is this: Although there is an


external world from which human beings acquire
sensory information, ideas, originate from the
working of the mind.
a. rationalist
c. empiricist
b. existentialist
d. pragmatist
If you believe that the childs mind in TABULA
RASA, in what processes will you engage the
child to learn?
a. sensory impressions
c. reflections
b. reasoning
d. metacognition
Which does the empiricist emphasize?
a. experience is the only source of knowledge
b. knowledge arises from the mind
c. knowledge is derived from reason without the
aid of the senses
d. information is interpreted by the mind

According to the existentialist, every person is in


the same predicament and has the same
possibilities. What does this imply?
a. every person must have access to education
b. every person must choose to go to college
c. every person must go through the same form
of education
d. every person must go to college

Page 63 of 104
a. Irving Babbit

c.. Jean Jacques Rousseau

b. John Dewey
1030)

d. Aristotle

Whose philosophy expounded the concept of the


Laboratory School?
a. Plato
c. John Dewey

1032)

1041)

Who pointed out that education is life itself?


a. De la Salle
c. Thorndike

b. Gandhi

1042)

d. Bonifacio

d. Da Feltre

Whose philosophy inspired the inclusion of


Physical Education in the curriculum and the
replacement of lectures with textbooks?
a. Da Feltre
c. Boccacio

He suggested that competition and award should


be used to motivate people.
a.
Aristotle
c. Plato
b.
Herbart
d. Socrates

1036)

The world, as we experienced it, depends on


how the mind perceive. This is according to:
a. Leibniz
c. Berkeley
b. Hegel

1043)

d. John Deweys

1039) The philosophy of adult education was conceived


by:

d. Rousseau

1045)

Knowledge that is best for use in life is also best


for the development of power. Emphasis on
physical education. Importance of science in
the curriculum. This educational philosophy has
been promoted by _____ where he was also
considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of
education.
a. Socrates
c. Plato
b. Aristotle
d. Spencer

1046)

Self-activity as the means of development.


Play, spontaneous activity, manual and industrial
development utilized to promote self-realization.
Process of education determined by the nature
of the child. This educational philosophy has
been promoted by _____ where he was also
considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of
education.
a. Locke
c. Froebel

The Golden Rule was popularized by a Chinese


philosopher and teacher nameda. Mencius
c. Confucius

b. Emmanuel Kants

d. John Dewey

Mental activity is functional. Knowledge is


instrumental. It is the consequences that make
the choice good or bad. This educational
philosophy has been promoted by _____ where
he was also considered as one of the pioneer
thinkers of education.
a. William James c. John Locke
b. John Dewey

d. Spinoza

b. Sun Yat-Sen
d. Mao Tse Tung
Educators have realized the significance of preschool education. Hence, they try to make
learning as meaningful to the learner as possible.
Whose philosophy of education is most apt in this
particular situation?
a. Aristotles
c. Platos

d. Buddha

Education is life, Education is growth,


Education is a social process, Education is a
continuous reconstruction of experience. This
educational philosophy has been promoted by
_____ where he was also considered as one of
the pioneer thinkers of education.
a. Herbart
c. Spencer
b. William James

1044)

d. Dewey

But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and His


righteousness, and all these things shall be
added unto you. This educational philosophy
has been advocated by _____.
He is
considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of
education.
a. Confucius
c. Muhammad
b. Jesus Christ

d. Erasmus

The idea of Practical Arts and Home Economics


subjects for boys is the philosophy of ___.
a.
Confucius
c.
Gandhi
b.
Rizal
d. Tagore

1038)

b. Socrates

Who expounded the need to study the child


carefully for individualized instruction?
a. Boccacio
c. Ascham

1035)

1037)

d. Gandhi

Whose philosophy influenced the present


emphasis on Character Education and Values
Education in our school system?
a. Confucius
c. Tagore

b. Petrach
1034)

b. Tagore

Who among these Filipino philosophers


contributed MOST to the nationalistic tint in our
education system?
a. Jose Laurel
c. Jose Rizal
b. Andres Bonifacio d. Apolinario Mabini

b. Erasmus
1033)

c. Confucius

1040)

b. Jean Jacques Rousseau d. Irving Babbit


1031)

a. Gaffud

Page 64 of 104
b. Comenius
1047)

d. Herbart

Doctrine of apperception. Education should be


scientific. Mind is a unity, possessing by one
power, that of entering into relation with its
environment. This educational philosophy has
been promoted by _____ where he was also
considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of
education.
a. Soren Kierkegaard c. Pestalozzi
b. Herbart

1049)

1050)

1051)

1052)

d. Rousseau

Development of the whole man. Follow the


order of nature. Train for character. Both
sexes should be included in education. This
educational philosophy has been promoted by
_____ where he was also considered as one of
the pioneer thinkers of education.
a. Pestalozzi
c. Comenius
b. Locke

1054)

Virtue is not possession of knowledge but state


of the will. The end of education is not
knowledge lane, but the union of the intellect and
the will, or knowledge expressed in action.
Reality, not ideas but the performance, is the
highest function. Adaptation of education to the
form of government. Objective and scientific
not introspective method of education. This
educational philosophy has been promoted by
_____ where he was also considered as one of
the pioneer thinkers of education.
a. Socrates
c. Plato
b. Aristotle
d. Spencer

1055)

The following are pragmatic


philosophers except one:
a. James
c. Schiller
b. Dewey

d. Rousseau

Tabula rasa or blank paper theory a child is


born with a blank mind (neither good nor bad).
Education can shape the pupil according to the
will of the teacher. Formal discipline (training
gained in one area can be applied in another
area). This educational philosophy has been
promoted by _____ where he was also
considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of
education.
a. Pestalozzi
c. Comenius
b. Locke

Each person should devote his life to that which


he is best fitted to do. The function of education
is to determine what each individual is by nature
fitted to do. Social justice (give what is due to
whom it is due). Intellectual aristocracy (the
rule of the intellectual elite). This educational
philosophy has been promoted by _____ where
he was also considered as one of the pioneer
thinkers of education.
a. Socrates
c. Plato
b. Aristotle
d. Spencer

d. Rousseau

Development of the child according to his


nature. A man should live a simple life. The
child, the important factor in education. Use of
instinctive tendencies as the starting point of
education. This educational philosophy has
been promoted by _____ where he was also
considered as one of the pioneer thinkers of
education.
a. Pestalozzi
c. Comenius
b. Locke

1053)

d. William James

1048) Education as the process of organized growth.


All education should be founded upon the laws
of natural development of the child. Use of
objects in teaching. Emphasis on method and
technique of teaching. This educational
philosophy has been promoted by _____ where
he was also considered as one of the pioneer
thinkers of education.
a. Pestalozzi
c. Comenius
b. Locke

he was also considered as one of the pioneer


thinkers of education.
a. Socrates
c. Plato
b. Aristotle
d. Spencer

1056)

d. Rousseau

He was a member of the Catholic clergy and


professor of philosophy at the University of
Wittenburg, nailed his ninety-five theses at the
door of his church at Wittenburg in 1517 airing
his criticisms against the Catholic Church. He
was:
a. Mohammad
c. Martin Luther
b. Jesuits

d. Ricky Martin

1057) He was known as the first modern educational


reformer to advocate compulsory education.
a. Mohammad
c. Martin Luther
b. Jesuits
1058)

d. Rousseau

The end of life is knowledge. Knowledge is


virtue. Know thyself. Social and individual
interests should be harmonized. Mans life is
rational and universal.
This educational
philosophy has been promoted by _____ where

educational

He was known as the greatest scholar among the


German school organizers, conducted a school
survey in Germany, probably the first school
survey in the world, and came out with the socalled Saxony plan.
a. Sturm
c. Melanchthon
b. Martin Luther

1059)

d. Ricky Martin

d. Copernicus

This verbal realist proposed a very


comprehensive curriculum composed of a wide
range of physical exercises, sports and games,

Page 65 of 104
the Bible and religious exercises, instrumental
music, intellectual readings form ancient
literature in science, history, mathematics, and
astronomy and literature in Latin, Greek, Hebrew,
Chaldaic, and Arabic languages. He is:
a. Juan Luis Vives
c. Francois Rabelais
b. John Milton
1060)

1061)

1062)

Another agencies education during the sense


realism is the six-year vernacular elementary
schools for all boys and girls, secondary schools
and university. This school has been postulated
by:
a. Bacon
c. Mulcaster

b. Francis Bacon
1070)

Textbook was also considered as an important


agency of education. This is according to:
a. Bacon
c. Mulcaster

b. Comenius

The following are great educational philosophers


who espoused sense realism except one
a. John Locke
c. Richard Mulcaster
b. Francis Bacon d. Wolfgang Ratke

1066)

Children must be studied thoroughly and their


innate abilities respected. This principle has
been postulated by:
a.
Comenius
c. Ratke

1072)

He was Frenchman and has been considered as


the outstanding champion of naturalism.
a. Jean Jacques Rousseau c. John Locke
b. Richard Mulcaster

1073)

c. Aristotle
1074)

1076)

d. Rousseau

d. Rousseau

The Father of Existentialism:


a. Soren Kierkegaard b. Pestalozzi
d. William James

d. Mulcaster
1077)

1067)

educational

The staunchest advocate of progressivism in


education was:
a. James
b. Schiller

c. Herbart
Bacon

d. Heraclitus

The following are pragmatic


philosophers except one:
a. James
b. Schiller
c. Dewey

1075)

d. Francis Bacon

The end of life is knowledge, knowledge is virtue,


know thyself for the unexamined life is not worth
living, says
a. Plato
b. Socrates

c. Dewey

b.

d. Francis Bacon

b. Herbert of Cherbury
c. John Locke
d. Baruch Spinoza

d. Hecker

1065)

An Englishman that advances the idea that the


mind of a child at birth is a blank tablet upon
which are printed or inscribed all the experiences
of the child acquired through his senses.
a. Jean Jacques Rousseau c. John Locke

1071) The following are well-known rationalist except one:


a. Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibnitz

d. Hecker

It is a secondary school known as Realschule


where pure and applied science dominated the
curriculum. This school was established by:
a. Bacon
c. Mulcaster

d. Wolfgang Ratke

b. Richard Mulcaster

d. Hecker

b. Comenius
1064)

He is the foremost champion of formal discipline.


He believed that the process of acquiring
knowledge is more important than the knowledge
acquired. He is:
a. John Locke
c. Richard Mulcaster

d. Hecker

b. Comenius
1063)

1069)

d. Copernicus

One of the agencies of education during the


sense realism is the model educational
institution for scientific investigations. This
school was drawn up:
a. Bacon
c. Mulcaster
b. Comenius

All learning should follow the course of nature.


This principle has been advocated by:
a. Comenius
c. Ratke
b. Bacon
d. Mulcaster

d. Copernicus

This verbal realist advocated the study of ancient


learning and classics in Latin, Greek, Hebrew,
Chaldaic, Syrian and Italian; natural science,
social science, philosophy, morality, religion and
physical education for the military. He is:
a. Juan Luis Vives c. Francois Rabelais
b. John Milton

1068)

Education should appeal to the childs natural


interests. This principle has been postulated
by:
a. Comenius
c. Ratke
b. Bacon
d. Mulcaster

The school is the book which is written the future


of the nations. Show us the schools of a people
and we will tell you what those people are. This
is a Filipino philosophy of education postulated
by ____.

Page 66 of 104

1078)

a. Rizal

b.

c. Rafael Palma

d. Jorge Bacobo

Thou shalt cultivate the special gifts which had


bee granted thee, working and studying
according to thy ability, never leaving the path of
righteousness and justice in order to attain thine
own perfection. This is a Filipino philosophy of
education advocated by ____.
a. Venancio Trinidad
c. Jose Rizal
b. T. H. Pardo de Tavera

1079)

Mabini

thoroughly assess pupils progress. These idea


or philosophy is postulated by ____.
a. Juan Luis Vives c. Francois Rabelais
b. John Milton
1085)

d. Mabini

Our education should instill love for work, spirit


of tolerance, respect for law, love of peace, and
practice of thrift. This is a Filipino philosophy of
education postulated by ____.
a. Manuel L. Quezon
c. Raul Magsaysay
b. T. H. Pardo de Tavera d. Raul Roco

1080)

To my humble way of thinking education has for


its supreme and overshadowing aim the
formulation of a sound and noble outlook of life.
This is a Filipino philosophy of education
postulated by ____.
a. Francisco Benetiz
c. Jorge Bacobo
b. Rafael Palma

1081)

Education must secure freedom, efficiency, and


happiness for all people. This is a Filipino
philosophy of education advocated by ____.
a. Camilo Osias
c. Juan Manuel
b. Manuel Laya

1082)

d. Venancio Trinidad

b. Ferdinand Marcos

Education should develop personality. The


teacher should study each pupil individually;
adapt schoolwork to the abilities and interests of
pupils, hold quarterly conferences of teachers to

or verbal realists
d. John Milton
e. all of these
f. none of these

1088)

Children must be studied thoroughly and their


innate abilities respected; make use of the
games, play and exercise for learning purposes.
These ideas or philosophies of education are
coming from _____.
a. Richard Mulcaster
b. Wolgang Ratke
c. John Amos Comenius
d. Francis Bacon

1089)

The ultimate goal of education was eternal


happiness with God and education should
prepare for the activities of life through
knowledge; learning should start from the
senses, learning should proceed from known to
unknown.
These ideas or philosophies of
education were postulated by ____.
a. Richard Mulcaster
b. Wolgang Ratke
c. John Amos Comenius
d. Francis Bacon

1090)

Give man dominance over things; He used the


inductive method of learning. These ideas or
philosophies of education were advanced by
____.
a. Richard Mulcaster
b. Wolgang Ratke
c. John Amos Comenius

1083)

1084)

d. John Milton

1087) The following are humanistic


except:
a. Martin Luther
b. Juan Luis Vives
c. Francois Rebalais

d. Francisco Benetiz

Education should aim to develop men and


women who are as deeply concerned in the
development and uplift of our communities,
particularly in the rural areas, as in the promotion
of their won personal or individual well-being.
This is a Filipino philosophy of education
postulated by ____.
a. Ferdinand Marcos
c.
Venancio
Trinidad
b. Manuel Quezon
d. Rafael Palma

d. Richard Mulcaster

Education was to prepare for actual living.


Reading for content and for syntax; use of
resource person in the classroom; discussion
and lectures by academic authorities. These
ideas or philosophies were postulated by _____.
a. Rousseau
c. Pestalozzi
b. Comenius

d. Rafael Palma

The qualities that distinguish the educated


Filipinos of today are (1) power to do, (2)
knowledge of the part and current events, and (3)
possession of the elements of conduct that are
the accomplishments of culture and morality.
This is a Filipino philosophy of education
postulated by ____.
a. Francisco Balagtas
c. Benigno Aquino

The aim of learning was the development of the


whole man. It is the incidental method of
teaching; all learning is to be made pleasant;
learning facilitated through natural activities;
reasoning substituted for rote learning; and made
use of reference books.
These idea or
philosophy is advanced ____.
a. Francis Bacon
c. Wolgang Ratke
b. Francois Rabelais

1086)

d. Michael Montaigne

d. Francis Bacon

Page 67 of 104
1091)

1092)

1093)

Developed a natural method of teaching; nothing


is to be learned by rote; repetition must be done
as often as possible; and learning by the senses
first and then exploration. These ideas or
philosophies of education were postulated by
____.
a. Richard Mulcaster
b. Wolgang Ratke
c. John Amos Comenius
d. Francis Bacon
The following are sense realist except:
a. Richard Mulcaster
b. John Amos Comenius
c. Wolgang Ratke
d. Francis Bacon
e. all of these
f. none of these

In his aim to psychologized education he


combined physical, moral, intellectual and
manual work. His major emphasis on helping
children to learn by experience and observation,
rather than by verbalism and memorization. He
was ____.
a. Johann Friedrich Herbart
b. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
c. Friedrich Froebel
d. John Amos Comenius

1099)

His central principle was the ideas are developed


in the mind through external stimuli, and that
ideas have a dynamic force, which reaches out
for new ideas. Based on this principle, the
teachers task is to select ideas in accordance
with the pupils background, to arouse the
interests of the pupils, and gradually to build
ideas into a moral and intellectual structure. He
advocated the culture-epoch theory, based on the
premise that the growth of children corresponds
to the development of culture through the ages.
To put his theory to practice, he formulated five
formal steps of instruction: preparation,
presentation, association, generalization and
application. He was ____.
a. Johann Friedrich Herbart
b. Friedrich Froebel
c. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
d. John Amos Comenius

1100)

His theory was based on the concept of the


absolute as a creative force, of which the childs
nature is a part. The function of the teacher is to
promote the growth of the child as a human plant
in the direction of its own inner laws of growth.
He stressed creative self-development and
spontaneous activity, making or unfolding the
best in the child. He formulated a philosophy of
development in his Education of Man, Pedagogic
of the Kindergarten, and Education by
Development. He was ___
a. Jean Jacques Rousseau
b. Friedrich Froebel
c. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
d. Juan Luis Vives

1101)

The school is a preparation for life, it is life, and


the school cannot be a preparation for social life
except as it produces the typical conditions of
life. In other words, education must start with the
interests, activities and experiences of the child,
and the process is participating in-group and
social activities, in order to develop intelligent
members of democracy.
These ideas or
philosophy of education was postulated by ____.
a. John Dewey
c. John Locke
b. John Comenius
d. John

d. John Lock

Taught in the court of school of Northern Italy and


was believed to be one of the first teachers to
combine physical and mental activity in a school
situation. He was _____.
a. Vittorino Da Feltre
b. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
c. John Dewey
d. Friedrich Froebel

1095)

He was known as educational reformer and a


writer. His famous work, the Great Didactic gives
his theories and procedures of practical
education. He was ____.
a. Johann Friedrich Herbart c.
John
Comenius
b. Desiderius Erasmus
d. John Milton
1096)

1097)

An English philosopher known as intellectual


ruler of the 18th century, whose theories and
knowledge and political life are still widely felt.
He protested against the time devoted to study
Latin and Greek and recommended a broader
curriculum and physical training, and strongly
advocated the disciplinary theory of education.
He was ____.
a. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
b. Machiavelli
c. Rene Descartes
d. John Locke
He was the first to develop an educational theory
based on naturalistic approach. Few books have
exercised such profound influence on the theory
and practice of education as he attached the
formal education and insisted on nature as the
best guide to the educational process. He was
____.

Jean Jacques Rousseau


John Heinrich Pestalozzi
Johann Friedrich Herbart
Gottfried Wilheim von Leinbniz

1098)

A German religious reformer, the inaugurator of


the Protestant reformation, who insisted on statefounded compulsory education for both sexes
especially in the elementary level but also
compelled parents to send their children o
school. He was ____.
a. John Comenius
c. Martin Luther
b. Jean Jacques Rousseau

1094)

a.
b.
c.
d.

Prats

Page 68 of 104
1102)

1103)

1104)

1105)

1106)

1107)

A French philosopher, who defined his plan of


education in Emile, saw the child as an offspring
of nature. His writings represented an attack as
an age of reason, gave impetus to the romantic
moment by emphasizing feelings. He was ___
a. Gottfried Wilheim von Leinbniz
b. John Dewey
c. Rene Descartes
d. Jean Jacques Rousseau
He was the Father of Modern Philosophy,
whose first task was to work out his rational
scheme. His method consists of harnessing the
power of the mind with a special set of rulers. He
insisted upon the necessity of method upon
systematic and orderly thinking. H was ____.
a. Michel Montaigne
b. Rene Descartes
c. John Amos Comenius
d. Jean Jacques Rousseau
He was a French essayist and thinker regarded
as the Father of Modern Essay. He was also
one of the pioneers of the autobiography. He
was convinced of the importance of introspection,
of examining ones own experiences in order to
determine values and rules of conduct, and of
communicating ones self-knowledge to others.
He was ____.
a. Richard Mulcaster
c. Erasmus
b. Martin Luther
d. Michel Montaigne
He defined education as a natural, symmetrical,
and harmonious development of the faculties of
the child. According to him, sense perception
was the real foundation of knowledge and
observation was to be the basis of all instruction.
His most important contribution to education was
his concept that teachers must respect the
individuality of every child and must base
discipline upon love. He was ___.
a. John Amos Comenius
b. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
c. Johann Friedrich Herbart
d. John Dewey
He was an English educator-philosopher. He
believed that the aim of every educational activity
was the search for truth. According to him, the
attainment of truth should be guided by reason
and the mind is capable of obtaining and
formulating reason. His education revolved
around the childs moral development and
formulation of desirable habits. He was ____.
a. John Dewey
b. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
c. John Locke
d. John Amos Comenius
He was a follower of Pestalozzi and later came
an administrator in the kindergarten school where
he applied the principles of Pestalozzi. He
placed great emphasis on self-activity among
children. The curriculum included games, plays,
song and work. He emphasizes activities like
manipulation of objects and more freedom in the

classroom. He was also known as the Father of


Kindergarten. He was ____.
a. Maria Montessori c. Herbart
b. Froebel
1108)

He was a German sense realist. He advocated


the use of vernacular in instruction to enable the
child to learn other lessons. He emphasized
mastery through repetition and memorization.
He was ____.
a. Wolfgang Ratke c. Pestalozzi
b. Comenius

1109)

1112)

1113)

d. Aristotle

He said development of the whole man before


he becomes professional. He said further that
both boys and girls should be included in
education regardless of their socio-economic
status. Moreover, according to him, Effective
learning is done through the use of vernacular
and postulated the use of visual aids in
classroom teaching. He was ____.
a. Confucius
c. Comenius
b. Rousseau

1111)

d. Rousseau

The end of knowledge is not knowledge alone. It


is the union of the innate intellect of the individual
and his will. It is knowledge expression in action.
This education philosophy was postulated by
____.
a. Plato
c. Socrates
b. Confucius

1110)

d. Dewey

d. Erasmus

He said Development of moral and ethical


principles to promote peace and order and to
preserve human dignity. He also postulated the
golden rule for all men to follow treat others as
you wish them to treat you. He was ____.
a. Plato
c. Socrates
b. Confucius
d. Aristotle
Man is by nature good and virtuous. Everything
is good as it comes from the hand of the author
nature. This educational philosophy was
postulated by ____.
a. Michel Montaigne
b. Rene Descartes
c. John Amos Comenius
d. Jean Jacques Rousseau
Learning was spontaneous, meaning that
children had an inner need to work at that which
interested them with the prodding of teachers or
the use of rewards and punishments. The
curricula included three major types, activities
and experiences: practical skills, sensory and
muscular skills developed through repetitive
exercise and formal skills. This concept of
education has been postulated by ____.
a. Maria Montessori
c. Pestalozzi
b. Rene Descartes
d. John Dewey

Page 69 of 104
1114)

He was a German philosopher known for his


contribution to moral development in education
and for highly structured methodology of
teaching. For him, the chief aim of education
was moral development, to produce a good
person with varied interest. He was ____.
a. Froebel
c. Herbart
b. Rousseau

1115)

Knowledge acquired that is best for use in life is


also best for the development of power. He
opposed to free public education; those who
really want an education should work hard to
acquire the means to attain it. This philosophical
thought has been postulated by ____.
a. Locke
c. Comenius
b. Dewey

1116)

d. Hecker

The following are great educational philosophers


who espoused sense realism except one
a. John Locke
c. Richard Mulcaster
b. Francis Bacon

1121)

d. Hecker

It is a secondary school known as Realschule


where pure and applied science dominated the
curriculum. This school was established by:
a. Bacon
c. Mulcaster
b. Comenius

1120)

d. Hecker

Textbook was also considered as an important


agency of education. This is according to:
a. Bacon
c. Mulcaster
b. Comenius

1119)

d. Hecker

Another agencies education during the sense


realism is the six-year vernacular elementary
schools for all boys and girls, secondary schools
and university. This school has been advocated
by:
a. Bacon
c. Mulcaster
b. Comenius

1118)

d. Spencer

One of the agencies of education during the


sense realism is the model educational
institution for scientific investigations. This
school was drawn up:
a. Bacon
c. Mulcaster
b. Comenius

1117)

d. Dewey

d. Wolfgang Ratke

Children must be studied thoroughly and their


innate abilities respected. This principle has
been advocated by:
a. Comenius
c. Ratke
b. Bacon
d. Mulcaster

1122) Education should appeal to the childs natural


interests. This principle has been advocated by:
a. Comenius
c. Ratke

b. Bacon

d. Mulcaster

1123)

All learning should follow the course of nature.


This principle has been advocated by:
a. Comenius
c. Ratke
b. Bacon
d. Mulcaster

1124)

The use of inductive method of learning has been


advocated by:
a. Comenius
c. Ratke
b. Bacon
d. Mulcaster

1125) He is the foremost champion of formal discipline.


He believed that the process of acquiring
knowledge is more important than the knowledge
acquired. He is:
a. John Locke
c. Richard Mulcaster
b. Francis Bacon

d. Wolfgang Ratke

1126) The following are well-known rationalist except one:


a. Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibnitz
b. John Locke
c. Herbert of Cherbury
d. Baruch Spinoza
1127) He was Frenchman and has been considered as
the outstanding champion of naturalism.
a. Jean Jacques Rousseau c. John Locke
b. Richard Mulcaster

d. Francis Bacon

1128) The following are the outstanding contribution of


sense realism to our present educational system
except one:
a. the emphasis on science in the curriculum
b. use of vernacular in teaching
c. the teaching of science by the laboratory
method
d. formal discipline as an educational process
1129) It is one of the types of education in the formal
discipline where it is primarily for the
development of wise conduct, good breeding,
and the control of desires by reason. This type of
education is known as:
a. physical education
b. physical education
c. intellectual education
d. aristocracy of intelligence
1130) One of the types of education in formal discipline
that develops the mental power to acquire
knowledge, not to increase knowledge by itself.
a. moral education
b. intellectual education
c. physical education
d. liberal education
1131) All except one are John Lockes three steps in
learning.
a. sense learning, memorization, reasoning

Page 70 of 104
b. reasoning, sense learning, memorization
c. memorization, reasoning, sense learning
d. sense learning, reasoning, memorization
1132) It is a philosophical doctrine, which advocated that
reason can be a source of knowledge and that
truth can best be established by a process of
deduction from a priori principle independent of
experience.
a. humanism
c. rationalism

1139) According to Rousseau, there should be simplicity,


liberty, equality, and fraternity for all, a society in
which the individual could attain his fullest
fulfillment as a natural man. This aim of
naturalism is known as:
a. creation of new society
b. preservation of individual freedom
c. preservation of natural goodness and virtue
d. all of the above

b. disciplinism

d. realism

1133) All except one are aims of rationalism.


a. intellectual freedom
b. living a life guided by reason
c. aristocracy of intelligence
d. good habit formation
1134) The following are agencies of education during the
rationalism period except one:
a. secondary and higher schools
b. cathedral schools
c. encyclopedia
d. fashionable salons
1135) The rationalists believed that mental processes
were the impression made by objects upon the
mind through the senses. So they taught by the
inductive method. This method instruction during
this period is known as:
a. inductive method c. deductive method
b. science-based

d. application of reason

1136) The rationalist always applied the test of reason to


every phase of activity or life and rejected those
that did not meet the test. This method
instruction during this period is known as:
a. inductive method c. deductive method
b. science-based

d. application of reason

1137) The following are the outstanding contribution of


rationalism to our present educational system is:
a. the emphasis on science in the curriculum
b. use of vernacular in teaching
c. training of creative thinking and reasoning
d. none of the above
1138) According to Rousseau, man by nature is good
and virtuous. He wanted that the goodness and
virtue in man be developed unhampered by the
artificialities of the type of society current during
his time. This aim of naturalism is known as:
a. creation of new society
b. preservation of individual freedom
c. preservation of natural goodness and virtue
d. all of the above

1140) According to Rousseau, individual should be


liberated from the impositions of the state, the
Church, and the aristocratic society. This aim of
naturalism is known as:
a. creation of new society
b. preservation of individual freedom
c. preservation of natural goodness and virtue
d. all of the above
1141) The development of all the endowments of a child.
He opposed to specialization because, according
to him, this would make some men dependent
upon other men. This is one of the many types
of education that Rousseau pushes which is
known as:
a. democratic and universal education
b. intellectual education
c. moral education
d. general education
1142) Rousseau wanted to educate the child morally the
natural way, that is, the child should not be
punished by other people for his untoward acts
but by the results of his acts. This type of
naturalism education is known as:
a. democratic and universal education
b. intellectual education
c. moral education
d. general education
1143) Rousseau said that education is a natural right of
all freemen and since all children are free and
equal, they should receive the same kind or type
of education. The rich and the poor should be
educated together in the same way. This type of
naturalism education is known as:
a. religious education
b. general education
c. intellectual education
d. democratic and universal education
1144) Rousseau did not approve the use of textbooks in
intellectual learning. The learner had to learn
through the use of senses. This type of
naturalism education is known as:
a. religious education

Page 71 of 104
b. general education
c. intellectual education
d. democratic and universal education
1145) The following are three modern principles of
teaching as established by Rousseau except
one:
a. principle of growth
b. principle of pupil activity
c. principle of individualization
d. principle of discipline
1146) Rousseau divided stages of growth of the child. He
said, the child is still capable of right reasoning
and hence, his feelings are dominant in
determining his actions. This stage of growth is
in the:
a. infancy
c. childhood
b. boyhood

d. adolescence

1147) The following are disadvantages of naturalism as


advocated by Rousseau if it is used today except
one:
a. the use of textbooks
b. not suitable for big classes
c. tutorial system is expensive
d. order of nature
1148) He was a member of the Catholic clergy and
professor of philosophy at he University of
Wittenburg, nailed his ninety-five theses at the
door of his church at Wittenburg in 1517 airing
his criticisms against the Catholic Church. He
was:
a. Mohammad
c. Martin Luther
b. Jesuits

d. Ricky Martin

1149) He was known as the greatest scholar among the


German school organizers, conducted a school
survey in Germany, probably the first school
survey in the world, and came out with the socalled Saxony plan.
a. Sturm
c. Melanchthon
b. Martin Luther

d. Copernicus

1150) This verbal realist advocated the study of the


vernacular as a national language and Latin as a
universal language. According to him, the study
of language should be based on usage. He is:
a. Juan Luis Vives
c. Francois Rabelais
b. John Milton

d. Copernicus

1151) This verbal realist proposed a very comprehensive


curriculum composed of a wide range of physical
exercises, sports and games, the Bible and
religious exercises, instrumental music,
intellectual readings form ancient literature in
science, history, mathematics, and astronomy
and literature in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Chaldaic,
and Arabic languages. He is:

a. Juan Luis Vives

c.

Francois

b. John Milton

d. Copernicus

Rabelais

1152) This verbal realist advocated the study of ancient


learning and classics in Latin, Greek, Hebrew,
Chaldaic, Syrian and Italian; natural science,
social science, philosophy, morality, religion and
physical education for the military. He is:
a. Juan Luis Vives
c. Francois Rabelais
b. John Milton

d. Copernicus

1153) The only way to solve the problem of


disagreements and speculations regarding
obtuse questions, is to inquire seriously into the
nature of human understanding and shows from
an exact analysis of its powers and capacity that
is by no means fitted such remote and obtuse
subjects. This philosophy is postulated by
a. David Hume
b. Jean Jacques Rousseau
c. Baruch Spinoza
d. Gottfried Wilheim von Leinbniz
1154) His brilliant philosophical treatises among which the
most renowned in his Levithian, a book on social
and political philosophy.
He was deeply
impressed by the precision of science and above
all by the certainty of scientific knowledge. He
was
a. Rene Descartes c. Thomas Hobbes
b. John Locke
d. Francis Bacon
1155) Turned to description of the joys and sorrows for
natural man, expressing deep dimension of
feeling as opposed to the brittle logic of doctrine.
This theory of knowledge was postulated by
a. Boccacio
c. Montaigne
b. Petrarch
d. Machiavelli
1156) His central criticism was that learning has stagnant.
He learned three distempers of learning:
fantastical learning mans concern
themselves with words, emphasizing text,
languages and style; contentious learning it
begins with fixed positions or points of view taken
by earlier thinker, and these views are used as
the starting points in contentious argumentations;
and delicate learning wherein earlier authors
who claimed more knowledge that can be
proved, are accepted by readers as knowing as
much as they claim, and this account for as the
dictator of science. This theory of knowledge
was postulated by
a. Thomas Hobbes
b. Jean Jacques Rousseau
c Gottfried Wilheim von Leinbniz
d. Francis Bacon
1157) It is a body of doctrine with reference to some
political and cultural plan together with the
devices for putting it into operation
a. nationalism
c. ideology

Page 72 of 104
b. patriotism

d. communism

1158) This term applies to the position that education


should be concerned with the actualities of life.
a. naturalism
c. realism
b. idealism

d. existentialism

1159) It is an autocratic educational movement where it


held education should equip the student for a
happy and successful life as a man of the world.
It stressed modern languages, travel, and study
of contemporary institutions.
a. verbal realism
c. social realism
b. educational realism

d. sense realism

1160) It is the science that seeks to organize and


systematize all fields of knowledge as means of
understanding and interpreting the totality of
reality.
a. psychology
c.
philosophy
b. anthropology

wrong, good and evil, aesthetics, which deals


with beauty and ugliness.
a. metaphysics
b. epistemology
c. axiology

1168) It is theory concerned with the careful study of the


child; a child-centered point of view.
a. humanism
b. rationalism
c. disciplinism

c. disciplinism

1170) It is theory that the way of life concerned with the


fullest realization of the human life.
a. humanism
b. rationalism

1171) It is a philosophy of education that proclaimed the


spiritual nature of man.
a. idealism
b. spiritualism
c. realism

d. sociology

1163) It is a search for a comprehensive view of nature,


an attempt at a universal explanation of the
nature of things.
a. psychology
c. philosophy
d. sociology

1164) It is a systematic and logical explanation of the


nature, existence, purposes and relationship of
things, including human beings, in the universe.
a. psychology
c. philosophy
b. anthropology

d. sociology

1165) This deals with the first principles, the origin and
essence of things, the causes and end of things.
a. metaphysics
b. epistemology
c. axiology
d. ethics
1166) This deals with knowledge and with ways of
knowing.
a. metaphysics
b. epistemology
c. axiology
d. ethics
1167) This deals with purposes and values. This also
includes the idea of what is right and what is

d. existentialism

1172) This refers the branch of philosophy concerned with


the systematic treatment of the relationship of
ideas.
a. idealism
b. essentialism
c. realism
d. logic
1173) It is educational theory based on a doctrine that
opposed that was artificial.
a. realism
b. naturalism
c. rationalism

b. anthropology

d. realism

d. sociology

1162) It refers to a worldview or a reasoned conception of


the whole cosmos, and a life-view or doctrine of
values, meanings and purposes of human life.
a. psychology
c. philosophy
b. anthropology

d. realism

d. sociology

It refers to the attempt to give a reasoned


conception of the universe and mans place in it.
a. psychology
c.
philosophy
b. anthropology

d. developmentalism

1169) It is a doctrine that advocated the disciplinary


theory of education, which claimed that the mind
of the child at birth is a tabula rasa or blank
tablet.
a. humanism
b. rationalism

c. disciplinism
1161)

d. ethics

d. developmentalism

1174) It is a philosophy of life concerned with the


education that emphasized the realities of life.
a. realism
b. naturalism
c. rationalism

d. developmentalism

1175) It is a body of doctrine with reference to some


political and cultural plan together with the
devices for putting it into operation
a. nationalism
b. ideology
c. patriotism

d. communism

1176) It is a philosophical doctrine, which advocated that


reason can be a source of knowledge and that
truth can best be established by a process of
deduction from a priori principle independent of
experience.
a. humanism
b. rationalism
c. disciplinism

d. realism

Page 73 of 104
1177) It consists of transcendent universals, forms, or
ideals, which are the objects of true knowledge. It
also involves the belief that there exists, ulterior
to all finite existence, an order of form which are
real, eternal, self-explanatory, self-moving,
intelligible, and purposeful, on which all finite
beings and activities human knowledge and
morality, are dependent both for their existence
and for their meaning.
a. naturalism
b. realism

a. existentialism

b. essentialism

c. naturalism

d. progressivism

1184) This theory holds that universals are independent


of antecedent to, and more real than the specific
individual instances in which t hey are
manifested. This theory is very similar to, if
exactly the same as Platonic idealism.
a. functionalism
b.
instrumentalism
c. humanism

c. pragmatism

1178) This view that the whole of reality is nature. There


is no area, knowledge, or experience to which
the methods of dealing with nature may be
extended. This philosophy subordinates mind to
matter and holds that ultimate reality is material.
a. existentialism
b. essentialism
c. naturalism

d. progressivism

1179) It is a tendency, movement, or more or less definite


system of thought in which stress is placed upon
practical consequences and values as standards
for explicating philosophic concepts, and as tests
for determinating their value and truth.
a. pragmatism
b. humanism
c. realism

d. naturalism

1180) It is a kind of pragmatism, which stresses thought


as an instrument and its function as adapting the
human organism to its environment.
a. functionalism
b.
instrumentalism
c. humanism

d. realism

1181) This educational philosophy has a dual purpose: to


educate the individual for his life here on earth
and to prepare him for his life beyond. It is
considered as the ultimate aim of education in
Christian perfection in t his life as prerequisite to
the life beyond.
a. naturalism
b.
supernaturalism
c. humanism

d. realism

d. idealism

d. pragmatism

1182) This philosophy of education places spiritual things


over and above worldly things. Man is both
matter and spirit and his spiritual will must prevail
over his materials and wordily desires for him to
avoid sinning and for him to attain spiritual
perfection.
a. naturalism
b.
supernaturalism
c. humanism
d. pragmatism
1183) This refers to as the doctrine where an
indispensable common core of culture
knowledge, skills, attitudes, ideals, etc. can be
identified.
The core should be taught
systematically to the learners who should
maintain a rigorous standard of achievement.

1185) This philosophy of education is dominated by the


technological experimental advancement which
have so powerfully shaped our modern culture; it
is concerned with recognizing change and
adjusting thorough the use of the scientific
method; it concentrates on present problems
rather than on the application of a priori principles
to the solution of present problems.
a. existentialism
b. essentialism
c. naturalism

d. progressivism

1186) Another feature of this philosophy of education is


that it considers the child as the center of the
education process. The aims of education are
formulated in accordance with interest and well
being of the child. The curriculum is constructed
to suit the intellectual capacities and other
characteristics of the child.
a. existentialism
b. essentialism
c. naturalism

d. progressivism

1187) Another feature of this philosophy of education is


that it emphasizes learning by doing. The child
must participate in all learning activities.
a. existentialism
b. essentialism
c. naturalism

d. progressivism

1188) This philosophy of education puts emphasis on


uniqueness of the individual. Man functions,
grows, develops, makes choices, suffers,
experiences intense feelings, and faces God as
an individual.
a. essentialism
b. existentialism
c. progressivism

d. realism

1189) Education is the process of developing awareness


about the freedom of choice and the meaning
and responsibility for ones choice. This is
philosophy of education is known as:
a. essentialism
b. existentialism
c. progressivism
d. idealism
1190) It is believe that schools should originate policies
and progress, which would bring about reform of
the social order, and teachers, should use their
power to lead the young in the program of social
reform. They agree that educational philosophies
are culturally based and grow out of a specific

Page 74 of 104
cultural pattern conditioned by living at a given
time in particular place. This is philosophy of
education is known as:
a. essentialism
b. philosophical analysis
c. reconstructionism

d. progressivism

1191) This philosophy of education left a legacy


characterized by: Emphasis on the child as the
learner, rather on the subject matter; Stress on
activities and experiences, rather than on
textbook reliance and memorization; and
Absence of fear and punishment for disciplinary
purposes. . This is philosophy of education is
known as:
a. essentialism
b. philosophical analysis
c. reconstructionism d. progressivism
1192) It is a philosophy of education that proclaims the
spiritual nature of men and the universe. Its
basic viewpoint stresses the human spirit, soul or
mind as the most important element in life. It
holds that the good, true and beautiful are
permanently part of their structure of a related,
coherent, orderly and unchanging universe. This
is philosophy of education is known as:
a. idealism
b. essentialism
c. existentialism
1193)

d. progressivism

This refers to the universal elements of man that


are unchanging regardless of time, place and
circumstances. It us these universals that make
up the elements in the education of man.
Education implies teaching, teaching implies
knowledge, knowledge is truth and truth is the
same everywhere. This is philosophy of
education is known as:
a. idealism
b. realism
c. progressivism

d. reconstructionism

1194) This philosophy of education believes that each


child follows a logical pattern of growth
development and that education must be attuned
to these natural patterns. This is philosophy of
education is known as:
a. Naturalism
b. realism
c. pragmatism

d. existentialism

1195) Possession of a philosophy of education makes an


educator
a. a mechanical follower of routine
b. an easy victim of educational fad
c. an intelligent member of the profession
d. an expert in selecting subject matter
1196) Education has been derived from the Latin word
educate which means to
a. guide and direct
b. discipline and control
c. nourish, bring up, to train

d. reflect and meditate


1197) Philosophy of education refers to
a. reflective points of view on education
b. goals and objectives of education
c. mission statement of education
d. update education
1198) Idealism when applied to education emphasizes
that
a. material aspect of life
b. spiritual nature of nature
c. scientific facts
d. objective reality
1199) The philosophy of idealism as expounded by Plato,
means that
a. ideas, forms or universals come ahead of
particular
b. things existing in mans world
c. ideas are so real and enduring that objects
of senses are reflecting or non-permanent
as compared to them
d. physical objects are only imperfect
embodiment of ideas
e. all of these
1200) Realism as a philosophy was expounded by
Aristotle in manner
a. nature of things whose existence needs not to
be proven is the starting point for
philosophizing
b. material thing have their own nature, come
into existence due to various causes
c. the first cause is known as the Prime Mover
and who is himself unmoved
d. all of these
1201) Which of the following is John Deweys pragmatic
education philosophy?
a. education is life
b. education is growth and social process
c. education is continuous reconstruction of
experience
d. all of these
1202) Which of the following explain the maim ideas of
Scholasticism?
a. man is both physical and spiritual being that
is, with body and soul
b. man is rational being who knows what is
right or wrong
c. when there is conflict between reason and
faith, the latter should prevail
d. all of these
1203) Pragmatism could be best explained in this manner

a. to determine the meaning of any idea, put


into practice in the objective world of
actualities and whatever its consequences
prove to be, these constitute the meaning of
idea
b. to determine the meaning of any idea, you to
rely on your personal, subjective views

Page 75 of 104
c. to determine the meaning of any idea, you to
rely on your personal, objective views
d. none of these
1204) Pragmatism, when applied to education,
emphasizes the
a. permanent truth
b. that truth is man-made, that there is nothing
permanent, everything changes
c. future of society
d. ultimate reality of anxieties and death
e. none of these
1205) Pragmatism rely most on the
a. introspection method c. deductive method
b. experimental method d. speculative method
1206) Humanism holds that
a. the aim of education is mans perfection so
that he can live a truly human life
b. man is both matter and spirit and has to live
by his reason and will
c. mans perfection is achieved through
disciplining the material aspect of his lie for
spiritual supremacy
d. all of these
1207) Existentialism, as a philosophy states that
a. reality is a matter of individuals own making
based on his free choices and decisions
b. the world is fundamentally absurd without
any purpose that lifes significance is only
found in what a person gives to his life
c. man cannot escape the reality of anxieties
and death
d. all of these
1208) Essentialism holds that the aim of education is
a. mastery of science and technology
b. adjustment of the child to his world by
equipping with the basic knowledge, skills,
attitudes, ideals of cultures which are fixed
and universal
c. complete development of critical and
creative mind
d. pure spiritual and moral development
1209) When applied to education, existentialism
considers the
a. importance of values and religious education
b. uniqueness, freedom of choices and
experience of man
c. undesirable traits of man
d. all of these
1210) Of the following stage of human development
theories that is a culminating stage?
a. Eriksons conflict between initiative and guilt
b. Freud anal stage
c. Piagets formal operational stage
d. Holophrastic speech
e. Kohlbergs punishment-obedience morality
orientation
1211) Which of the following describe a common
philosophy of life among simple Filipinos?

a. to strive for more material progress at any


cost
b. to be proud of ones success
c. to maintain harmony with God and man
d. to be completely humble and submissive to
others
1212) The belief that the aims of education should be
arranged in the order of their contribution to
human survival is closely associated with which
of the following?
a. the utilitarian of Spencer
b. the naturalism of Rousseau
c. the realism of Thomas Aquinas
d. the pragmatism of Dewey
e. the humanism of Erasmus
1213) Which of the philosophical position could plausibly
be taken to support the practice of allowing
students to choose their own educational goals
and experiences?
a. Positivism c. Essentialism e. Perenialism
b. Existentialism
d. Realism
1214) The teacher uses a variety of instructional materials
with different groups of students and expects
students largely to direct their own learning.
Students are encouraged to select their own
topics for learning, devise their own activities and
group themselves according to their interests.
The teacher usually works with individual or small
groups of students throughout the school day.
According to the description of the
educational values of the teacher appear to be
most reflective of which of the following:
a. Behaviorism
b. Humanism
c. Structuralism
d. Traditionalism
e. Positivism
1215) The essence of education is reason and intuition.
This implies that education should concentrate
on developing the rational faculty since mans
most distinctive characteristics is his ability to
reason. It follows that education should employ
methods of mental discipline and the teacher
should be an authority of his subject matter.
Which educational theory adheres to this
position?
a. Existentialism
b. Perenialism
c. Essentialism

d. Progressivism

1216) The classroom viewed as a miniature society where


pupils engage in problem-solving activities
reflective of the personal and social experiences
of the children. The emphasis of the classroom
is on the acquisition of skills, which can help
them solve own real-life problems. Which
educational theory is referred to here?
a. Progressivism
b. Idealism
c. Existentialism

d. Naturalism

Page 76 of 104
1217) The school should provide for group thinking in a
democratic atmosphere that fosters cooperative
learning rather than competitive learning.
Scientific methods of inquiry complement such
atmosphere in the student quest for shared
experiences. Which theory advocates this view?
a. Progressivism
b. Essentialism
c. Existentialism
d. Perenialism
1218) Growth, though the reconstruction experience, is
the nature, and should be open-ended goal of
education. Education should lead to more
education; initial educative experience should
contribute to succeeding more effective
experience. The character of learning, as implied
here episodic. Which philosophy advocates this
goal of education?
a. Idealism
b. Pragmatism
c. Existentialism

d. Realism

1219) When teacher view the learner as a unique, free


choosing, and responsible individual made of
intellect and emotion, the former would setup
situations in the classroom where the learner can
develop these aspects of his individuality. What
theory underlies this nature of the learner?
a. Idealism
b. Essentialism
c. Realism
d. Existentialism
1220) The philosophy believes that ideas are innate to the
individual. Hence, the true essence of the
Socratic dialogue (questioning method) is
analogous to midwifery -to-wring ideas from the
learner. Which school of thought underlies this
belief?
a. Realism
b. Idealism
c. Language Analysis d. Naturalism
1221) Its proponents advocate devising paradigms in the
educative process like Kenneth B. Hendersons
model in teaching of concepts. In the use oft his
model, the context of this concept must be taken
fully into account because it may otherwise
change the meaning of the name given the
concept.
The model also distinguishes
denotative from connotative concepts. Which
theory recommends this method of education?
a. Language Analysis
b. Existentialism
c. Essentialism

d. Idealism

1222) The curriculum should concentrate on the basis


such as reading, writing, and arithmetic in the
elementary, and expansion and continuation of
the basics, to include humanities in the
secondary level. Which theory recommends this
type of curriculum?
a. Perennialism
b. Essentialism
c. Existentialism
d. Reconstructionism
1223) Teacher should constantly examine and reexamine
their strategies and techniques in the classroom.
Empirical researchers should be done on the

effectiveness of teaching and teachers. Which


theory prescribes this view?
a. Existentialism
b. Idealism
c. Language Analysis d. Realism
1224) Education should be active and related to the
needs and interest of the learners. Learning
occurs amidst movements and activities. The
teacher participation is very minimal because the
pupils dominate the class activities. Which
theory recommends this type of educative
process?
a. Existentialism
b. Perenialism
c. Progressivism

d. Essentialism

1225) The teacher is the personification of reality in the


classroom. Reality, in this belief, is regarded as a
creation of the Absolute Mind. In effect, pupils
learn though imitation, interest, effort and
discipline. The teacher should be emulated.
Which is the principal exponent of this role of the
teacher?
a. Pragmatism
b. Naturalism
c. Realism

d. Idealism

1226) Education is considered both a basic need and


right of citizens. This implies that the state
should provide for schools so those children will
have access to education and satisfy this basic
need and exercise of their right.
Which
philosophy advocates this belief?
a. Realism
b. Naturalism
c. Idealism

d. Pragmatism

1227) Children need a passionate encounter with


perennial problems of life, the agony and joy of
love, the reality of choices, the anguish of
freedom, the consequences of actions, and even
the inevitability of death. Both beautiful and ugly
or the positive and negative sides of life should
be stressed in the educative process. Whose
belief is this education?
a. Essentialism
b.
Realism
c. Perennialism

d. Existentialism

1228) One of the distinctive view of cosmology is


a. Evolutionism
b.
Idealism
c. Naturalism

d. All of these

1229) A questioning attitude toward the possibility of


having any knowledge
a. Skepticism
b. Dualism
c. Agnosticism

d. Pluralism

1230) Reasoning from particulars to a general conclusion


is called
a. Rationalization
b. Induction

Page 77 of 104
c. Deduction

d. Revelation

1231) One of the theories of education whose basic


principle is existence precedes essence is
called
a. Existentialism
b. Progressivism
c. Perennialism

d. Pragmatism

1232) An educational theory, which is sometimes referred


to as experimentation.
a. Existentialism
b. Essentialism
c. Progressivism

d. Pragmatism

1233) A theory founded on the belief that the body of


knowledge, which has endured through time and
space, should form the basis of ones education.
a. Perennialism
b. Pragmatism
c. Idealism

d. Essentialism

1234) Mind and body are two aspects of a fundamental


reality whose nature is unknown
a. Emergency Theory b. Spiritualism
c. Parallelism

d. Double Aspect Theory

1235) Man has the power of choice and is capable of


genuine initiative.
a. Determinism
b. Creativism
c. Free Will

d. idealism

1236) It consists of transcendent universals, forms, or


ideals, which are the objects of true knowledge. It
also involves the belief that there exists, ulterior
to all finite existence, an order of form which are
real, eternal, self-explanatory, self-moving,
intelligible, and purposeful, on which all finite
beings and activities human knowledge and
morality, are dependent both for their existence
and for their meaning.
a. naturalism
b. realism
c. pragmatism

d. idealism

1237) This view that the whole of reality is nature. There


is no area, knowledge, or experience to which
the methods of dealing with nature may be
extended. This philosophy subordinates mind to
matter and holds that ultimate reality is material.
a. existentialism
b. essentialism
c. naturalism
d. progressivism
1238) It is a tendency, movement, or more or less definite
system of thought in which stress is placed upon
practical consequences and values as standards
for explicating philosophic concepts, and as tests
for determination their value and truth.
a. pragmatism
b. humanism
c. realism

d. naturalism

1239) it is a kind of pragmatism, which stresses thought


as an instrument and its function as adapting the
human organism to its environment.
a. functionalism
b.
instrumentalism
c. humanism

d. realism

1240) This educational philosophy has a dual purpose: to


educate the individual for his life here on earth
and to prepare him for his life beyond. It is
considered as the ultimate aim of education in
Christian perfection in t his life as prerequisite to
the life beyond.
a. naturalism
b.
supernaturalism
c. humanism

d. pragmatism

1241) This philosophy of education places spiritual things


over and above worldly things. Man is both
matter and spirit and his spiritual will must prevail
over his materials and wordily desires for him to
avoid sinning and for him to attain spiritual
perfection.
a. naturalism
b.
supernaturalism
c. humanism

d. pragmatism

1242) This refers to as the doctrine where an


indispensable common core of culture
knowledge, skills, attitudes, ideals, etc. can be
identified.
The core should be taught
systematically to the learners who should
maintain a rigorous standard of achievement.
a. existentialism
b. essentialism
c. naturalism
d. progressivism
1243) This theory holds that universals are independent
of antecedent to, and more real than the specific
individual instances in which t hey are
manifested. This theory is very similar to, if
exactly the same as Platonic idealism.
a. functionalism
b.
instrumentalism
c. humanism

d. realism

1244) This philosophy of education is dominated by the


technological experimental advancement which
have so powerfully shaped our modern culture; it
is concerned with recognizing change and
adjusting thorough the use of the scientific
method; it concentrates on present problems
rather than on the application of a priori principles
to the solution of present problems.
a. existentialism
b. essentialism
c. naturalism
d. progressivism
1245) Another feature of this philosophy of education is
that it considers the child as the center of the
education process. The aims of education are
formulated in accordance with interest and well
being of the child. The curriculum is constructed
to suit the intellectual capacities and other
characteristics of the child.
a. existentialism
b. essentialism
c. naturalism
d. progressivism

Page 78 of 104
b. the secondary curriculum should cultivate
competencies in history, mathematics,
science, English and foreign languages
c. schooling requires discipline and a respect
for legitimate authority
d. learning requires hard work and disciplined
attention
e. all of these
f. none of these

1246) Another feature of this philosophy of education is


that it emphasizes learning by doing. The child
must participate in all learning activities.
a. existentialism
b. essentialism
c. naturalism
d. progressivism
1247) This philosophy of education puts emphasis on
uniqueness of the individual. Man functions,
grows, develops, makes choices, suffers,
experiences intense feelings, and faces God as
an individual.
a. essentialism
b. existentialism
c. progressivism

d. realism

1248) Rousseau established three great principles of


teaching that formed the basis of the reforms of
Pestalozzi, Herbart and Froebel.
These
principles are:
The Principle of Growth
The Principles of Student Activity
The Principle of individualization
The Principle of Child Readiness
The Principle of Child Development
The Principles of Real Objective
Existence
a. 1, 2, and 3

c. 2, 4, and 6

b. 4, 5, and 6

d. 1, 3, and 5

1249) Progressive education left a legacy characterized


by:
a. emphasis on the child as the learner, rather
than on the subject matter.
b. stress activities and experiences, rather than
on textbook reliance and memorization
c. cooperative learning, rather than competitive
lesson learning
d. absence of fear punishment for disciplinary
purposes
e. e .all of these
f. none of these
1250) Perennialism represents a conservative theoretical
view cantered in the authority of tradition and the
classis. Among its major educational principles
are:
a. truth is universal and does not depend on
the circumstances of place, time or person
b. a good education involves a search for an
understanding of the truth
c. truth can be found in the great work of
civilization
d. education is a liberal exercise that develops
the intellect
e. all of these
1251) Among the common themes found in the
essentialist point of view are:
a. the elementary school curriculum should aim
to cultivate basis tool skills that contribute to
literacy and mastery of arithmetical
computation

1252) Which of the following is an application of the


philosophy of Naturalism in Education?
a. education must change the learners nature
b. education must conform to the natural
processes of growth and development
c. education must encourage superstition part
of nature
d. education must accept the learners conduct
good or bad
1253) Idealism when applied to education emphasis the:
a. materials aspects of life
b. spiritual; nature of the universe
c. scientific facts
d. objective reality
1254)

Which of the following give much importance to


the teachers role in society?
1. Eastern Philosophers
4. Pragmatist
2. Idealist

5.

Communists

3. Realists
a. 1, 3, 4, 5 above
b. 1 & 5 only
c. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

d. 2, 3, 4, 5
e. 1, 2, 3, 4

1255) What branch of philosophy where on asks how do


we acquire knowledge?
a. Axiology c. metaphysics e. ontology
b. Logic
d. epistemology
1256)

If one wants to become a physician, then he


must take up medicine in medical school. What
philosophy of education this situation suggested?
a. Pragmatism
c. humanism
e. realism
b. Essentialism
d. supernaturalism

1257) The explanation man is both matter and spirit and


his natural will must prevail over his materials
and worldly desires for him to avoid sins. What
philosophy does statement correlate?
a. Humanism
d. Theism
b. Supernaturalism e. Reconstructionism
c. Essentialism
1258) Which of the following sentences expresses a
broader meaning of philosophy?
a. it is the sum total of the behavior tendencies
of a person from a specific stimulus
b. it is a mans beliefs and views about the
world, which guides his actions

Page 79 of 104
c. it is mans unexpressed feelings, judgments
and convictions
d. it is mans empirical observation which
influence education
1259) What do you think is the reason why the role of
philosophy of education has been strongly
endorsed?
a. It serves as an inventory of practices,
principles and theories.
b. It serves as a means to enlighten what has
been found unsound educational practice.
c. It serves as a common denominator when
diversities and conflicting educational
practices arise.
d. It serves as punitive device for those who
cannot conform to ideal educational
practices.
1260) Which of Gandhis philosophy, particularly, his
being opposed to untouchability and his being an
advocate of equal rights of women in reflected is
the school practices in the Philippines today?
a. Access and equity which means that school
must be open to all regardless of race and
status;
b. Academic freedom, which means that
teachers in higher education institutions
must use their expertise to teach the truth.
c. Progressive scholarship, which means that
poor but deserving students must get full
financial support for their education.
d. Student bookkeeping, which means those
students, can move on in their lesson by
their own pace.
1261) Which of the following educational implications is
called for Platos view about the nature of the
child, which says that every child is naturally fit
for a task in life?
a. The teacher should assign pupils to groups
for their socialization.
b. The teacher should prepare learning tasks
that will serve as follow-up for further
learning.
c. The teacher should develop teaching
materials that are adaptable in all school
subjects.
d. The teacher should develop varied
experiences that are commensurate to the
developmental levels of other pupils.
1262) Which statement is parallel to Comenius view of the
nature of the child, which states that child, is
essentially evil but he is rectified through
education.
a. Little learning is a dangerous thingJuan
Luna
b. One evil cannot rectify by another evilJose
Rizal
c. A crime cannot be expiated by vain
lamentation Jose Rizal
d. Through education our Motherland will
receive light Jose Rizal

1263) What kind of education will result if it is patterned


after Indian philosophy, which is speculative?
a. Teachers will be inclined to use
experimentation as method of teaching.
b. Superstitious beliefs will be treated as valid
as scientific findings.
c. Pupils objective observations will be
encouraged.
d. Truths are testable.
1264) Why is the Caste System of India contrary to
democracy?
a. Absence of social mobility through education
b. Religion is more important than education
c. Absence of Method of Teaching
d. Presence of equity and access in education
1265) In what way will the BhagavadGita as a
philosophy coincides with the education
philosophy of idealism?
a. Reality is atom, thus education is tutorial
b. Reality is nature, thus education is
contractual
c. Reality is spirit, thus education is
memorization
d. Reality is mind and body, thus education is
experimental
1266) Which of those is an example of Mahatma Gandhis
Theory of Non-violence?
a. Character education should lead students to
industry and thrift
b. Character education should emphasize selfcontrol and tolerance
c. Character education should develop
subjective values.
d. Character education should include military
discipline
1267) Buddha spent much of his life and teaching and
directing his disciples using proper sequence of
ideas. Which method of teaching in
contemporary education is similar to this?
a. Debate
b. Deductive Method
c. Socialized recitation d. Inductive method
1268) The Confucian ideal of the superior individual was
one who lives a life of rightness, virtue and
propriety. What does this means?
a. Being educated was a question of conduct
and character
b. Being educated was a question of wealth
and power
c. Being educated was a question of rank and
status
d. Being educated was a question of birth
1269) Taoism of Lao-Tzu as a philosophy states that
people were originally happy but suffer now as a
result of the changes brought by civilization.
Which one parallels this?
a. Rousseau who believed that a child is
essentially good but he is corrupted by
society
b. Froebel who believes that a person is a
social being

Page 80 of 104
c. John Locke who believes that a childs mind
is blank state
d. Comenius who believes that a child is
essentially evil but rectified through
education
1270) Zen Buddhism as a philosophy prized intuition
rather than intellectual discovery. What do you
think is the adverse effect of this on education?
a. Sources of authority in education may not be
acknowledged
b. Objectivity in the appraisal of knowledge
c. Children lack self-confidence
d. Learning is more of gut feeling rather that
analysis
1271) The Zen method includes physical violence, such
as striking the head. What prohibition in the
Philippines Education System parallels this?
a. Physical exercise during class sessions
b. Ice breakers in between lessons
c. Corporal punishment in the classroom
d. All of these
1272) One of the fundamental concepts of Judaism is the
belief that God cares for the world and all its
creatures. What educational implications may be
made from this concept in teaching?
a. God may be viewed as a loving Father
b. God may be viewed as a protector of all
c. God may be viewed as a reverend authority
d. All of these
1273) One of the philosophers of Christian church was St.
Thomas Aquinas who wrote De Magistro which
considers that the teacher as the secondary
cause of learning. What education implications
may be derived from this?
a. Learning will take place even without the
teacher
b. The environment, including the teacher plays
vital role in the pupils learning
c. The pupils themselves are responsible for
their learning as they interact with the
environment
d. God can inspire the teacher as he manages
the learning process
1274) For western thinkers, progress is measured in
terms of better jobs and more practical and
efficient social system. For the Eastern
philosophers progress may mean nonattachment and the development of ones inner
being. Which one is close to both Eastern and
Western thoughts?
a. Eastern philosophy is concerned about
ethics and aesthetics
b. Western philosophy equates development
with economic progress
c. Eastern philosophy is spiritual in her
approach to development
d. All of these
1275) Eastern philosophy states that one cannot live a
good life unless he is transformed. Which
concept of education parallels this thinking?

a. Learning is behavioral change


b. Learning is organization of values and attitudes
c. Learning is experiencing life
d. Learning is acquisition of facts and information
1276) In terms of curriculum and methods how does
Eastern philosophy differ from Western
philosophy? Which one belongs to Western
philosophy?
a. Leaders gather together the thoughts of the
day in the form of sutras, which required
commentaries to make them intelligible.
b. Yoga, in which the mind enters a trance
where it is emptied of all content, unaware of
subject or object.
c. Oral discourse and dialectic
d. Oral tradition and reading of sacred literature
1277) Which of these is NOT true about philosophy of
education and the teacher?
a. Increase the teachers awareness of his life
and career
b. Teacher makes decisions and act
accordingly
c. Cultivates a wide range of interest.
d. Contrary to what he believes is his
philosophy
1278) What do you think makes democracy as philosophy
better than communism? Democracy aims
a. To develop the person to the maximum of his
capacity
b. To develop the person to become a citizen
who can be called to defend his country from
invaders
c. To provide subsidy to the needy.
d. To provide education for religiosity
1279) Rousseau, in his book, Emile tried to convince
people that a child be educated in the
environment of the home, especially the learning
language. What do you think was the method?
a. Alphabetic-phonetic method
b. Structural analysis method
c. Communicative competence method
d. Natural method
1280) Plato, in his book THE REPUBLIC stated that every
person should serve where his talents fit. What is
its educational implication?
a. Ones economic status determines his
profession
b. Regardless of status in life one can raise his
career by using his abilities to the maximum
c. The bright should serve the bright and poor
should serve the poor
d. Top position should be occupied by the rich
1281) The dialectic method was believed to be the best
method of learning by this philosophy because it
was regarded as a critical method of thinking. It
was widely used throughout the Middle Ages
particularly by Christian educators. It is still very
popular in our school but now in the form of
informal dialectic as in questioning and

Page 81 of 104
discussion sessions. Which philosophy is closely
associated with this method?
a. Pragmatism
b. Existentialism
c. Naturalism
d. Idealism
1282) This Western philosophy has affinity for precision
and order. The desire for order and precision has
been imbibed by Filipino educators as
manifested in such contemporary school
practices as ringing bells, set time periods for
study, departmentalization in the higher
educational level, daily lesson plan, course
scheduling,
increasing
specialization
in
curriculum, prepackaged curriculum materials,
line-staff from of administration organization.
Which philosophy has advocated such practices?
a. Scholasticism
b. Realism
c. Idealism
d. Pragmatism
1283) The civil service examination for entry to
government position and to the various
professions is popularly perceived as fitting
culmination of ones formal education in our
country today. It has its origin in a country
considered to have nurtured to the worlds human
culture. Which country is referred to here?
a. Saudi Arabia
b. Japan
c. India

d. China

1284) Though it is not yet widespread, some teachers


employ this Oriental method of yoga to instill
discipline and order in the class. While the
practice does not really approximate the real
method, some teachers resort it to for this
purpose?
a. Islam
b. Hinduism
c. Buddhism

d. Shintoism

1285) The teaching of rules of conduct in the classroom


and their classroom and their application in the
home and community has been the influence of
an ancient Eastern philosophy. As in Kantian
moral philosophy an ancient Oriental sage has
advocated a universal maxim of human conduct.
Which philosophy is referred to here?
a. Judaism
b. Buddhism
c. Confucianism

d. Islam

1286) The fatalistic attitude of many Filipinos particularly


the disadvantages families, has built up their
negative attitude toward education. They do not
consider education as if factor for social mobility
or a sound investment in human resource
development. Which Eastern philosophy has
influenced us in this attitude?
a. Hinduism
b. Confucianism
c. Buddhism

d. Islam

1287) Teacher-student relationship is given much


emphasis in our schools. This evidence of the
personalistic element of Filipino culture is carried

over to schools from our legacy of a closely-knit


family structure where there is respected and
loyalty to elders. As an elder, the Filipino teacher
is expected to be similarly treated by her pupils.
Which ancient Eastern philosophy has greatly
contributed to this tradition?
a. Hinduism
b. Buddhism
c. Islam

d. Confucianism

1288) Through their varied experiences in life and lessons


in school, pupils in particular and people in
general would come to realize that there are
forces and laws that govern their life; and that
their free will or choices have no power to control
or change them. Most of their science lessons
would confirm this philosophical concept. Which
concept or principle is referred to here?
a. Principle of integration
b. Appetitive principle
c. Principle of determination
d. Categorical imperative
1289) When the teacher leads the class to conduct a
scientific inquiry to test its observations of a
certain phenomenon, his methodology is
consisted with this epistemological concept.
Which theory is involved here?
a. Coherence theory
b. Correspondence theory
c. Experimental theory
d. Experimental theory
1290) When the teacher presents objects and asks the
pupils to describe them in terms of qualities
perceived through the use of the senses, the
activity is rooted in a certain epistemological
theory. Which theory of knowledge is primarily
involved in these learning tasks?
a. Revelationism
b. Intuitionism
c. Rationalism

d. Empiricism

1291) In another instance, a teacher leads the class to


learn a mathematical truth discovered thousands
of years ago by Pythagoras, a Greek
mathematicism, which type of knowledge is
appealed to by this method?
a. Empirical knowledge
b. Authoritative knowledge
c. Rational knowledge
d. Initiative knowledge
1292) When the leader leads the class to discover truth
by relating parts of the whole as in the case of
most truths in formal sciences like logic and
mathematics, the class is strictly adhering to
certain theory of truth. Which theory is referred to
here?
a. Coherence theory
b. Correspondence theory
c. Theory of verifiability
d. Pragmatic theory

Page 82 of 104
1293) A teacher who subscribes to the progressivist
theory of education would embrace certain
reforms in connection with methodology. He
would discard traditional ones in favor of modern
practices. Which is one is considered a
progressivist reform in methodology/
a. Greater participation for the learners
b. Formal instruction pattern
c. Strict eternal discipline
d. Teacher domination of activities
1294) The existentialist position in teaching is that the
teacher need not be a successful teacher but an
honest one. Beside, the teacher here offers
knowledge. If asked to present his views on a
controversial issue, he gives his views without
asking the class to accept them. The class can
either accept or reject the teachers views. More
often then not, the class accepts the teachers
stand because it is well-studied one. How is the
teacher described in this role?
a. The teacher is an authority
b. The teacher is nondirective
c. The teacher is a model to be emulated
d. The teacher is directive
1295) There is a universally accepted principle that the
child educates himself in great measure. Most
of his knowledge is based on what he discovers
in his own active relations with things and people,
as a great philosopher advised they way to do
this is to tell the learner as little as possible and
induce him to discover as much as possible.
What educational concept supports this view?
a. Education should be based on needs and
interest of the learner
b. Education should engage the spontaneous
self-activity and volition of the learner
c. Learning experiences should be drawn from
the personal and social experiences of the
learner
d. Education is a lightly personal process that
involves the learner alone.
1296) The teacher should be a fellow worker with God in
perfecting man. At times he/she becomes the
very father or mother of the pupils soul. His/hers
is the task of perfecting mind, the highest form of
existence in the common. Which theory
advocates this role of the teacher?
a. Idealism
b. Naturalism
c. Realism

d. Pragmatism

1297) According to one of its popular exponents, it is the


educators responsibility to see equally two things
in the problem-solving method. First, that the
problem grows not of the condition of the
experience being had I the present and that is
within the capacity of the students. Secondly, that
is such that if arouses in the learner an active
quest for information and for production of new
ideas. To which school of thought do these ideas
belong?

a. Naturalism

b. Realism

c. Idealism

d. Pragmatism

1298) The curriculum is a means of forming desirable


habits. The objectives of the curriculum are
habits or tendencies to acquire use, and enjoy
truth. It is suggested that the way to form these
habits is by mastery of organized subject matter.
Which theory advocates this view of the
curriculum?
a. Essentialism
b. Idealism
c. Realism

d. Pragmatism

1299) Its proponents advocate devising in the education


process like Kenneth H. Hendersons model in
the teaching of concepts. In the use of this
model, the context of the concept must be taken
fully into account because it may otherwise
change the meaning of the name given the
concept. The model also distinguishes
connotative
concept.
Which
theory
recommends this method of education?
a. Language Analysis
c. Essentialism
b. Existentialism
d. Idealism
1300) The curriculum should concentrate on the basic
such reading, writing and arithmetic in the
elementary, and expansion and continuation of
the basics to include humanities in the secondary
level. Which theory recommends this type of the
curriculum?
a. Perennialism
c. Essentialism
b. Existentialism
d. Reconstructionism
1301) Teachers should constantly examine or re-examine
their strategies and techniques in the classroom.
Empirical researchers should be done on the
effectiveness of teaching and teachers. Which
theory prescribes this view?
a. Perennialism
c. Essentialism
b. Existentialism
d. Reconstructionism
1302) Education should be active and related to the
needs and interests of the learners. Learning
occurs amidst movements and activities. The
teachers participation is very minimal because
the pupils dominate the class activities. Which
theory recommends this type of educative
process?
a. Existentialism
b. Progressivism
c. Perennialism
d. Essentialism
1303) The teacher is a personification of reality in the
classroom, reality, in this belief, is regarded as a
creation of the Absolute Mind. In effect, pupils
learn through imitation, interest, effort, and
discipline. The teacher is to be emulated. Which
is the principal exponent of this role of the
Teacher?
a. Pragmatism
b. Realism
c. Naturalism
d. Idealism

Page 83 of 104
1304) Education is considered both a basic need and
right of citizens. This implies that the state should
provide for schools so that children will have
access to education and satisfy this basic need
and exercise their right. Which philosophy
advocates this belief?
a. Realism
b. Idealism
c. Naturalism

d. Pragmatism

1305) Student needs a passionate encounter with the


perennial problems of the life, the agony and joy
of life, the reality of choice; the anguish of
freedom, the consequences of actions; and even
the inevitability of death. Both the beautiful and
ugly of the positive and negative sides of life
should be stressed in the educative process.
Whose belief is this in education?
a. Essentialism
b. Perennialism
c. Realism
d. Existentialism
1306) This Philosophy believes that ideas are innate to
the individual. Hence, the true essence of the
Socratic dialoguem dialogue (questioning
method) is analogous to midwiferyto out ideas
from the learner. Which school of thought
underlies this belief?
a. Realism
b. Language Analysis
c. Idealism

d. Nationalism

1307) The curriculum should include only those, which


have survived the test and combine the symbols
and ideas of literature, history and mathematics
with the sciences of the physical word, such
curriculum contains virtues that are deemed
universal and unchanging. With theory prescribes
this nature of the curriculum?
a. Essentialism
c. Reconstructionalism
b. Perennialism
d. Realism
1308) Teachers regard themselves as surrogate parents
along the loco parents principle. This belief
stems from the view that education starts from
the home with parents as the first teachers, and
is continued in the school, a social institution that
should provide sustained guidance and
protection to the young learner. This implies that
parents have the primary responsibility of
educating their children. Which school of thought
espouses this nature of education?
a. Pragmatism
b. Realism
c. Naturalism

d. Idealism

1309) The teacher presents principles and values and the


reason for them encouraging students to
examine them in order to choose for themselves
whether or not to accept them, to choose fro
themselves whether or not to accept them the
teachers role is to offer knowledge. Which theory
advocates this role of teacher?
a. Reconstructionism c. Idealism
b. Essentialism
d. Existentialism

1310) The class identifies a social or economic problem


requiring an urgent solution; discuss various
means of solving it; arrives at a consensus on the
means of solving the problems; and sets out to
effect the solution in the community to eradicate
the problem. The end viewers to effect change in
the community to make it a better place to live in.
Which theory recommends this educative
process?
a. Progressivism
c. Essentialism
b. Reconstructionism
d. Idealism
1311) The school provide for group thinking in a
democratic atmosphere at that foster cooperative
learning than competitive learning. Scientific
methods of inquiry compliment such atmosphere
in the students quest for shared experience.
Which theory advocates this view?
a. Progressivism
b. Existentialism
c. Essentialism

d. Perennialism

1312) Growth, through the reconstruction of experiences,


is the nature, and should be open-minded goal of
education. Education should lead to more
education, initial educative experience should
contribute to a succeeding more effective
experience. The character of learning as implied
here is episodic. Which philosophy advocates
this goal of education?
a. Idealism
b. Existentialism
c. Pragmatism
d. Realism
1313) When a teacher views the learner as a unique free
choosing and responsible individual made us of
intellect and emotion, the former would set up
situation in the classroom where the learner can
develop these aspects of his individuality. What
theory underlies this nature of the learner?
a. Idealism
b. Realism
c. Essentialism

d. Existentialism

1314) The classroom is viewed as a miniature society


where pupils engage in problem-solving activities
reflective of the personal and social experiences
of the children. The emphasis in this classroom is
on the acquisition of skills, which can help them
solve own real-life problems. Which educational
theory is referred to here?
a. Progressivism
b. Essentialism
c. Idealism
d. Naturalism
1315) The essence of education is reason and intuition.
This implies that education should concentrate
on developing the rational faculty since mans
most distinctive characteristic is his ability is his
ability to reason. It follows that education should
employ methods of mental discipline and the
teacher should be an authority of his subject
matter. Which educational theory adheres to this
position?
a. Existentialism
c. Essentialism
b. Perennialism
d. Progressivism

Page 84 of 104
1316) Which
education
philosophy
emphasizes
adjustment to and ever changing society?
a. Idealism
b. Realism
c. Pragmatism

d. Essentialism

1317) How do you describe the curriculum in a realistic


school?
a. subject-centered c. society-centered
b. society-centered d. school-centered
1318) Which group of teacher will favor the transmission
of subject matter?
a. Essentialism and Perennialism
b. Pragmatism and Progressivism
c. Essentialism and Progressivism
d. Pragmatism and Perennialism
1319) Mr. Vela puts so much importance on discipline and
values development. What could be his
education philosophy?
a. Pragmatism
b. Progressivism
c. Realism

d. Idealism

1325) Herbert stressed the principle of apperception. How


does a teacher apply it?
a. By using motivation techniques
b. By reviewing the learner about concepts
related to the present lesson
c. By making the learner formulate
generalization
d. By letting the learner apply what they
learned
1326) Who were the educational philosophers who gave
much consideration to the learner?
a. Plato, Ratke
b. Confucius, Rousseau, Montessori
c. Froebel, Montessori
d. Herbart, Pestalozzi, Ratke
1327) Miss Cruz believes that what is true today may no
longer be true tomorrow. What learning objective
will she stress?
a. Development of thinking skills
b. Development of moral character
c. Acquisition of knowledge
d. Acquisition of information

1320) Mrs. Reyes is a pragmatic teacher what could be


her major or outstanding characteristic?
a. Model of moral and intellectual
b. Authority in the classroom
c. Master of subject
d. Socially aware

1328) Mrs. Cruz is a realist teacher while Miss David is a


pragmatic teacher. In what respect are they
similar?
a. Both emphasize the development of self
b. Both emphasize on learning by doing
c. Both emphasize on the importance of
knowledge
d. Both emphasize on recalling and instruction

1321) Mr. Avila is a Realistic teacher. In which learning


activities will her students engage?
a. Discussion of controversial issues

1329)

Value education is offered as a separate subject


in the NSEC while value development is ___.
a. emphasized for creativity and productivity
b. integrated with Technology and Home
Economics
c. emphasized in Science and Technology
d. integrated in all subject areas

1330)

Aside from the appropriation by Congress for the


support of public education ____ was enacted to
aid provincial, municipal, city and barrio schools.
a. RA No. 7784
c. RA No. 5447
b. RA No. 7731
d. RA No. 7743

1331)

By constitutional mandate the state shall exercise


reasonable supervision and regulation of all
educational institutions. This means that the
state may ___.
a. take charge of the administration of
educational institutions
b. impose minimum requirements and
conditions upon which school may operate
c. set and dictate the policies of private schools
d. collect taxes from donations or contributions
given directly for educational purposes.

1332)

Rapid technological development facilities


transmission of knowledge for educational
purposes, whether formal or informal through
media technology. This development is called
___.
a. Sine Skwela Technology

b. Visiting poor communities


c. Hands-on activities
d. observation and imitation
1322) Mrs. Flores believes that is very necessary for the
students to know the laws of nature because
these will help them solve their problem. What
could be her basic educational philosophy?
a. Progressivism
b. Idealism
c. Pragmatism

d. Essentialism

1323) Why does a teacher need to have a philosophy of


education?
a. It makes her knowledgeable
b. it serves as basis in making decision
c. It allows her to become credible
d. it develops her self-concept and esteem
1324) What is a distinct-feature of Montessori education?
a. The pupils study their lesson at the same time
b. The pupils are exposed to manipulate activities
c. The pupils are encourage to emulate others
d. The pupils are given more opportunities to
learn through competition

Page 85 of 104
b. Mass Media Technology
c. Distance Educational Technology
d. Computer Assisted Technology
1333)

1334)

1335)

1336)

1337)

1338)

Institutions of learning are required to meet the


minimum standards for state recognition but are
encouraged to set higher standards of quality
over and above the minimum through ____ as
provided in Educational Act of 1982.
a. life-long education
c. formal education
b. voluntary accreditation
d.
academic
freedom
Which of the following is NOT provided in
Education Act of 1940?
a. the national support of
elementary
education
b. the double-single session plan in the
elementary schools
c. the six-year elementary course
d. vocational education in the public schools
The primary objective in the regionalization of the
educational system is to ___.
a. encourage the undertaking of language
researches in various regions
b. take into account local needs and condition
and encourage local development planning
c. get assurance that all educational policies
are implemented nationwide
d. promote quality education at all levels and in
all communities of the country
These are also known as combination classes
organized in barrios/barangays where the
required number of pupils of the same grade
levels has not met the required number to make
a separate class thus the teacher apportions
class time for instruction to every grade level
within class. These are ____.
a. extension classes
b. heterogeneous classes
c. multi-grade classes
d. homogenous classes
Which policy of the State does the National
Secondary Assessment Test (NSAT) enhance?
a. the coordination of functions and activities of
education institutions
b. the evaluation of the graduates of secondary
schools
c. the offering of scholarships to deserving
students
d. the maintenance of the highest quality of
education
To fight illiteracy, the 1987 Constitution mandates
that the state shall maintain a system of free
education in elementary and high school.
Further it provides that ___.
a. elementary education should be compulsory
for all children of school age
b. formal and nonformal education should be
compulsory
c. elementary and high school education should
be compulsory

d. education at all levels should be compulsory


1339)

According to the Constitution, the State is


required to establish and maintain free public and
compulsory education in the ____.
a. elementary level only
b. secondary level
c. secondary and tertiary levels
d. elementary and secondary levels

1340)

The recognition of teachers as persons in


authority was conferred to them during the ___.
a. Spanish rule
b. Japanese regime
c. American rule
d. Commonwealth government

1341)

Section V, Article XIV of the 1986 Constitution


provides that the State shall assign the highest
budgetary priority to education to ____
a. encourage teacher to conduct more
researchers and studies on the arts and
culture
b. ensure that all schools are provided with
modern equipment and facilities
c. attack the best available talents through
adequate remuneration
d. curtail the exodus of the teachers seeking
employment abroad

1342)

The primary objective of bilingual education is to


prepare the learners to be ____.
a. proficient in Filipino and eight major dialects
b. globally competitive
c. proficient in English and another foreign
language
d. proficient in both Filipino and English

1343)

According to Magna Carta for Teachers, a


teacher assigned to a school ten or more
kilometers from the poblacion without regular
means of transportation to reach, is entitle to
___.
a. a hardship allowance of 25 percent of the
monthly salary as additional compensation
b. an additional compensation of 50 percent of
the monthly salary
c. service credits of one day for every five days
of service during the whole year
d. the privilege of teaching only four days a
week

1344)

The operation Return to the Basics saw its


embodiment in the ____.
a. National Elementary Achievement Test
b. New Secondary Education Curriculum
c. National Secondary Achievement Test
d. New Elementary School Curriculum

1345)

Values education in the NSEC is offered as a


separate subject as values development in the
NSEC is ___.
a. integrated with Technology and Home
Economics
b. integrated in all subjects
c. emphasized for creativity and productivity

Page 86 of 104
d. emphasized in Science and Technology
1346)

1347)

1348)

1349)

1350)

To strengthen teacher education the Teacher


Education Council created under RA No. 7764
will choose a private or public college engaged in
pre-service, continuing, formal and non-formal
education of teachers in strategic places in each
region of the country based on certain criteria.
This will be called ____
a. Department of Teacher Education
b. Teacher Education Center of Excellence
c. Commission on Teacher Education
d. Teacher Education Commission
Which policy of the State does the administration
of the National Elementary Achievement Test
(NEAT) enhance?
a. the maintenance of the highest quality of
education
b. the evaluation of elementary grade
graduates
c. the revision of elementary education
curriculum to make it responsible to the
needs of the time
d. the coordination of functions and activities of
education institutions
Professionalization of teachers and teaching as
promulgated in Presidential Decree No. 1006,
defines teaching as profession concerned with
classroom institution ____.
a. by teachers on full-time basis
b. at the tertiary level in both public and private
institutions
c. at the elementary and secondary levels in
both public and private schools
d. by teachers of permanent status
The Educational Act of 1982 expressly granted
institutions of higher learning the freedom to
determine on academic grounds that shall be
admitted to study, who may teach and what shall
be the subjects of study and research. This
refers to ____.
a. academic freedom
b. constitutional freedom
c. educational freedom
d. institutional freedom
In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics for
Professional Teachers, which of the following
teacher descriptions is included in the Code of
Ethics for Professional Teachers?
a. Persons of dignity and reputation
b. Duly licensed professional
c. With satisfactory teaching performance
d. Passed the licensure exams for teachers

1351)

In a DECS Memorandum issued last 1998, the


new name of multi-grade is ___.
a. paaralan ng bahay
c. escuela nueva
b. friendly school
d. school of the future

1352)

The
encouragement
of
self-learning,
independent, and out-of-school study programs

as stated in the 1987 Constitution has given rise


to ___.
a. the clamor for a Grade VII
b. the conduct of NEAT and NSAT
c. the implementation of open universities and
distance learning programs
d. institutionalization of early childhood care
and development
1353)

The 1987 Philippine Constitution states the


following EXCEPT
a. The National language of the Philippines is
Filipino
b. The official language of the Philippines are
Filipino and English
c. Filipino is the Tagalog of the Tagalog
speaking provinces
d. The government shall initiate and sustain the
use of Filipino as medium of official
communication and as a language of
instruction in the education system

1354)

A presidential body to study Philippines


Education created by virtue of Executive Order
No. 46 during the incumbency of DECS
Secretary Andrew Gonzales with an aim to study
Philippine Education is the ___.
a. Presidential Commission on Educational
Reform
b. Commission on Philippine Education
c. Survey Outcomes of Elementary Education
d. Philippine Commission to Survey Philippine
Education

1355)

The Constitutional provision on language has the


following aims EXCEPT
a. to make the regional dialect as auxiliary
media of instructions in regional schools
b. to maintain English as a second language
c. to make Filipino the sole medium of
instruction
d. to make Filipino the national language and
medium of instruction and official
communication

1356)

The introduction of nonformal education in life


with the Constitution provision on ___.
a. protection of teachers
b. promoting the rights of all citizens to make
quality education accessible to all
c. acceptance, affection and achievement
d. affection, ability, attitudes

1357)

With regards to business, which does the Code


of Ethics say about teachers?
a. a teacher shall maintain a good reputation
with respect to debts, loans and other
financial matters
b. no teacher shall be financially interested in
any commercial venture involving textbooks
and other school commodities where he/she
can exercise official influence
c. no teacher shall act as an agent of textbooks
and other school commodities where he/she
can exercise official influence

Page 87 of 104
d. a teacher may not engage in any kind of
business
1358)

1359)

1360)

1361)

1362)

Which is ethical for a teacher to do in a situation


where he/she falls in love with a student or when
a student falls in love with his/her teacher?
a. the teacher advises the student to
discontinue with his/her studies
b. the teacher resigns from his/her teaching job
c. the teacher avoids that learner
d. the teacher exercises discretion to avoid
scandal and gossip and preferential
treatment of that learner
Miss Connie Cepeda is newly appointed teacher.
The principal handed a copy of the Teachers
Code of Ethics. Which could have been the
motive of the principal?
a. acquaint her with principles of moral
behavior, conduct and relationship in the
practice of profession
b. make her aware of the principles and rules
prescribed under the authority of the state
c. familiarize her with the generally customs of
right living in a society
d. provides her a set of rules and regulation to
observe in school
Ms. Shrilly Ann Regalado is newly appointed
teacher. The principal advised her to avoid any
conduct, which discredits the teaching
profession. Which of the following action will not
any manner discredit the teaching profession?
a. writing anonymous letters
b. revealing confidential information to
authorities concerned
c. assigning undeserved grades
d. joining social drinking and gambling session
As a teacher you enjoy certain rights, which have
corresponding responsibility. Which situation
reflects balance of rights and authority?
a. allow your husband a once a week
completely free night out with his own friends
b. ask your husband to give you once a week,
a similar completely free night out with
friends
c. insists on going together on your once a
week free night together
d. refuse your husband request for a once a
weeknight out
Which of the following is less evil? A teacher had
to collect money from parents to defray expenses
of an elaborate Graduation Program.
a. request rich parents to start the collection
and serve as model for the poor parents
b. teach children to find means and ways to get
the amount of money needed
c. ask children to deposit half of their money for
recess to the teacher
d. present simple program to cut down on
expenses

1363) In recent years there has been an increasing


emphasis on non-formal education. What is the

major concern of non-formal education in the


Philippine context?
a. acquisition of appropriate vocational and
technical skills
b. dislike of white collar jobs
c. eradication of illiteracy
d. love of arts in all forms
1364)

The Philippine Education Act of 1982 defines the


areas of concern of the three levels of the
education system. Which is the mission of the
elementary education?
a. an enlightened, disciplined, creative and
productive citizen
b. modern and up-to-date methods
and
materials
c. an effective and efficient teacher
d. relevant and quality curriculum

1365)

Which of the following is a value thrust of the


New Elementary Education?
a. pursuit of higher intellectual and moral
values
b. extension and deepening of social concerns
c. development of a sense of nationhood
d. preservation of democratic values

1366)

The main purpose of the compulsory study of the


Constitution in the Philippine schools is to ___.
a. prepare students for law-making
b. acquaint students with the historical
development of the Philippine Constitution
c. make constitutional experts of the students
d. develop the students into responsible,
thinking citizens

1367)

In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics of


Professional Teachers, which is not mentioned
about teachers?
a. possess dignity and reputation
b. with high moral values as well as technical and
professional competence
c. LET passers
d. duly licensed professionals

1368)

Whom does the Code of Ethics of Professional


Teachers NOT cover?
a. teachers in the tertiary level
b. all full-time or part-time public and private
school teachers and administrators
c. teachers in all educational institutions at the
pre-school, elementary and secondary levels
d. teachers of academic, vocational, special,
technical or non-formal institutions

1369)

In the most recent curriculum introduced in 2002,


Makabayan is a subject
a. singles out Values Education
b. serves as a practice environment for holistic
learning
c. compartmentalizes
subject
excluding
English, Filipino, Science and Math
d. integrates English, Filipino, Science and
Math

Page 88 of 104
1370)

The Filipino learner envisioned by the


Department of Education is one who is imbued
with the desirable values of a person who is
a. makabayan, makasarili, makakalikasan, at
maka-Diyos
b. makabayan, makatao, makahalaman,at
maka-Diyos
c. makabayan, makakaragatan, makatao, at
maka-Diyos
d. makabayan, makatao, makakalikasan, at
maka-Diyos

1371)

Which is NOT a characteristic of the 2002 Basic


education Curriculum?
a. more integrated
b. more compartmentalized
c. more holistic
d. makes use of interdisciplinary approach

1372)

Which program was adopted to provide universal


access to basic education to eradicate illiteracy?
a. paaralan-sa-bawat-barangay
b. education for all
c. values education framework
d. science and education development plan

1373)

The Philippine constitution directs the teaching of


religion in public schools on the following
conditions EXCEPT
a. option is expressed in writing
b. without cost to the government
c. with cost shouldered by the parents or
guardians
d. given only at the option of parents or
guardians

1374)

The adoption of national language directed by


the Philippine Constitution is designed primarily
to
a. facilitate communication among diverse
linguistic groups
b. do away from colonial mentality
c. officially adopt Tagalog as national language
d. counteract elitism

1375)

1376)

What statement is FALSE with reference to


Section 1 and Section 2, Article XIV of the 1987
Constitution?
a. Quality education is a privilege in so far as
all citizens are concerned.
b. Public education in the elementary is free
and compulsory.
c. Scholarship grants, student loan programs,
subsidies and other incentives to deserving
students in both public and private schools.
d. Nonformal, informal and indigenous learning,
self-learning, independent, and out-of-school
study programs are encouraged.
e. All of these
What statement is FALSE with reference to the
provisions of Section 3, Article XIV of the 1987
Constitution?
a. The study of the Constitution shall be
included in the curricula of all educational
institution.

b. Religion shall be allowed to be taught in


public elementary and high schools within
the regular class hours.
c. Nationalism, patriotism, love of humanity,
respect for human rights, and appreciation of
the role of national heroes shall be
inculcated and fostered in all schools.
d. The rights and duties of citizenship shall be
taught, ethical and moral values
strengthened, moral character and discipline
developed, critical and creative thinking
encouraged, scientific and technological
knowledge broadened, vocational efficiency
to be promoted.
e. All of these
1377)

What statement is FALSE with reference to the


implementing guidelines the policy on bilingual
education as contained in Department Order No.
25, s. 1974?
a. Bilingual education is defined operationally
as the separate use of Filipino and English
as media of instruction in definite subject
areas; Arabic shall be used in areas where
necessary.
b. English and Filipino are used as media of
instruction in Grade I in all schools, except in
those schools using the vernacular.
c. English and Filipino shall be taught as
language subjects in all grades in the
elementary and secondary schools.
d. Filipino shall be used as medium of
instruction in social studies, science, worked
education, health education and physical
education. English shall remain as medium.
e. All of these

1378)

What statement is False with reference to


Section 6 and 7 of Article XIV of the 1987
Constitution?
a. The national language of the Philippines is
Filipino. It shall be further developed and
enriched on the basis of existing Philippine
and other languages.
b. For purposes of communication and
instruction, the official languages of the
Philippines are Filipino and English.
c. The use of Filipino as a medium of official
communication and as language of
instruction in the educational system is an
executive prerogative.
d. Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a
vocabulary and optional basis.
e. All of these

1379)

What statement is FALSE with regard to the


provisions of Section 10-19 of Article XIV of the
1986 Constitution?
a. Considering that science and technology are
essential for national development, the State
shall give priority to science and technology
education.
b. Equal access to cultural opportunities is
ensured through the educational system.

Page 89 of 104
c. All educational institutions are mandated to
undertake
regular
sports
activities
throughout the country.
d. The evolution of a Filipino national cultural
based on one ethnic culture shall be
fostered.
e. All of these
1380)

What statement is NOT TRUE with reference to


Section 4, Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution?
a. The control and administration of educational
institution shall be vested in the citizen of the
Philippines.
b. No educational institution, without exception,
shall be established exclusively for aliens
and no group of aliens shall comprise more
than one-third of the enrolment in any
school.
c. Academic freedom shall be enjoyed in all
institutions of higher learning.
d. The State shall enhance the right of teachers
to professional advancement; the State shall
assign the highest budgetary priority to
education and ensure that teaching will
retain its rightful share of the best available
talents through adequate remuneration and
others means of job satisfaction and
fulfillment.
e. All of these

1381)

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232, Sec. 13:2 provides


institutions the freedom to determine on
academic grounds that shall be admitted to study,
who shall teach, and what shall be the subject
and research. This statement means:
a. Philippine education provides equal access
to cultural opportunities.
b. Philippine education recognizes academic
freedom.
c. Philippine education encourages voluntary
accreditation.
d. Philippine education accord rights to and
imposes duties and obligations upon school
administrators or managers.

1382)

Batas Pambansa Blg. 232, Sec. 12 grants school


managers the right to be deemed persons in
authority in the discharge of lawful duties and
responsibilities and shall therefore be accorded
due respect and protection. This statement
means:
a. Philippine education provides equal access
to cultural opportunities.
b. Philippine education recognizes academic
freedom.
c. Philippine education encourages voluntary
accreditation.
d. Philippine education accord rights to and
imposes duties and obligations upon school
administrators or managers.

1383)

The State shall ensure that all the people shall be


given as much as possible equal chance of
obtaining an education and cultured life. This
statement means:

a. Philippine education provides equal access


to cultural opportunities.
b. Philippine education recognizes academic
freedom.
c. Philippine education encourages voluntary
accreditation.
d. Philippine education accord rights to and
imposes duties and obligations upon school
administrators or managers.
1384) The Educational Act of 1982 otherwise known as
B.P. Blg. 32, in Sec. 29, encourages intended
official approval for institution and programs
which desire to meet standards of quality over
and above the minimum requirements for State
recognition.
a. Philippine education provides equal access
to cultural opportunities.
b. Philippine education recognizes academic
freedom.
c. Philippine education encourages voluntary
accreditation.
d. Philippine education accord rights to and
imposes duties and obligations upon school
administrators or managers.
1385) Which of the following is a right granted to students
as provided in B. P. 232, Sec. 9:1-9?
a. The right to receive, through primarily
competent instruction, relevant quality
education in line with national goals and
conducive to their full development as
persons with human dignity.
b. The right to free expression of opinion and
suggestions and to effective channels of
communications with appropriate academic
and administrative bodies of the school or
institution.
c. The right to organize themselves and/or with
teachers for the purpose of providing a forum
for the discussion of matters relating to the
school programs.
d. The right of institutions of higher learning top
determines on academic grounds that shall
be admitted to study, who may teach, and
what shall be the subject of the study and
research.
1386) Which of the following is a right granted to parents
as provided in B. P. 232, Sec. 8:1-2?
a. The right to receive, through primarily
competent instruction, relevant quality
education in line with national goals and
conducive to their full development as
persons with human dignity.
b. The right to free expression of opinion and
suggestions and to effective channels of
communications with appropriate academic
and administrative bodies of the school or
institution.
c. The right to organize themselves and/or with
teachers for the purpose of providing a forum
for the discussion of matters relating to the
school programs.
d. The right of institutions of higher learning top
determines on academic grounds that shall

Page 90 of 104
be admitted to study, who may teach, and
what shall be the subject of the study and
research.
1387) Which of the following is a right granted to school
personnel as provided in B. P. Blg. 232, Sec.
10:1-4?
a. The right to receive, through primarily
competent instruction, relevant quality
education in line with national goals and
conducive to their full development as
persons with human dignity.
b. The right to free expression of opinion and
suggestions and to effective channels of
communications with appropriate academic
and administrative bodies of the school or
institution.
c. The right to organize themselves and/or with
teachers for the purpose of providing a forum
for the discussion of matters relating to the
school programs.
d. The right of institutions of higher learning top
determines on academic grounds that shall
be admitted to study, who may teach, and
what shall be the subject of the study and
research.
1388) Which of the following is a right granted to schools
as provided in B. P. 232, Sec. 13:1-2?
a. The right to receive, through primarily
competent instruction, relevant quality
education in line with national goals and
conducive to their full development as
persons with human dignity.
b. The right to free expression of opinion and
suggestions and to effective channels of
communications with appropriate academic
and administrative bodies of the school or
institution.
c. The right to organize themselves and/or with
teachers for the purpose of providing a forum
for the discussion of matters relating to the
school programs.
d. The right of institutions of higher learning top
determines on academic grounds that shall
be admitted to study, who may teach, and
what shall be the subject of the study and
research.
1389) Which of the following is a right granted to teachers
as provided in B. P. 232, Sec. 1:1-4?
a. The right of access to his own school
records, the confidentiality of which the
school shall maintain and observe.
b. The right to be free from compulsory
assignments not related to their duties as
defined in their appointments or employment
contracts, unless compensated thereof,
conformable to existing laws.
c. The right to be free from involuntary
contributions except those imposed by their
own organizations.
d. The right to establish join and maintain labor
organizations of their choice to promote their
welfare and defend their interests.

1390) What statement is FALSE with reference to Section


16 Teachers Obligations
of the Batas
Pambansa Blg. 232?
a. Perform his duties to the school by
discharging
his
responsibilities
in
accordance with the philosophy, goals and
objectives of the school.
b. Be accountable for the efficient and effective
attainment of specified learning objectives in
pursuance of national development goals,
within the limits of available school
resources.
c. Assume the responsibility to maintain and
sustain his professional; growth and
advancement and maintain professionalism
in the behavior at all times.
d. Exercise his rights responsibly in the
knowledge that he is answerable for any
infringement or violation of the public welfare
and of the rights of others.
1391) What statement is FALSE with reference to Section
14 Duties and Responsibilities of Students of
the Batas Pambansa Blg. 232?
a. Uphold the academic integrity of the school,
endeavor to achieve academic excellence
and abide the rules and regulations
governing his academic responsibilities and
moral integrity.
b. Promote and maintain the peace and
tranquility of the school by observing the
rules of discipline, and by exerting efforts to
attain harmonious relationship with fellow
students, the teaching and academic staff
and other school personnel.
c. Exert his utmost to develop his potentialities
for service, particularly by undergoing an
education suited to his abilities, in order that
he may become an asset to his family and to
society.
d. Participate as an agent of constructive
social, economic, moral intellectual, cultural
and political change in his school and the
community within the context of national
policies.
1392) Sec. 3 of Commonwealth No. 180 set the
requirements for a private college to fulfill before
it is granted university status. This statement
means:
a. Philippine education grants university status
to qualified colleges.
b. Philippine education strives to be of high
quality.
c. Philippine education recognizes the
complementary roles of public and private
educational institutions.
d. Philippine education is financed by public
and private funds.
1393) Act. No. 74, otherwise known as the Educational
Act 1901, passed by the Second Philippine
Commission authorized the establishment of
private schools but did not provide for their
control and supervision. This statement means:

Page 91 of 104
a. Philippine education grants university status
to qualified colleges.
b. Philippine education strives to be of high
quality.
c. Philippine education recognizes the
complementary roles of public and private
educational institutions.
d. Philippine education is financed by public
and private funds.
1394) The State sees to it that the right of all citizens to
quality education at all levels is protected and
promoted. This statement means:
a. Philippine education grants university status
to qualified colleges.
b. Philippine education strives to be of high
quality.
c. Philippine education recognizes the
complementary roles of public and private
educational institutions.
d. Philippine education is financed by public
and private funds.
1395) The principal source of funds for financing public
education is taken from the one percent (1%) tax
on real estate imposed by R. A. No. 5447. This
statement means:
a. Philippine education grants university status
to qualified colleges.
b. Philippine education strives to be of high
quality.
c. Philippine education recognizes the
complementary roles of public and private
educational institutions.
d. Philippine education is financed by public
and private funds.
1396) Philippine education allows publications in the
school campus. However, there limitations to
freedom to publish. For instance, the Revised
Penal code of the Philippines prohibits the
publication of the following except one.
a. Inciting the people to rebellion
b. Libelous remarks
c. Obscene publications

and

exhibitions

d. poll surveys
1397) No educational institutions in the Philippines shall
be established exclusively for aliens and no
group of aliens shall comprise more than onethird of the enrolment in any school. This
statement means:
a. Philippine education is nationalistic.
b. Philippine education is democratic.
c. Philippine education is complete, adequate,
integrated and relevant.
d. Philippine education encourages regional
planning.
1398) Education should be accessible to all. The State is
trying its best to reach all children in spite of the
shortage of funds. . This statement means
a. Philippine education is nationalistic.

b. Philippine education is democratic.


c. Philippine education is complete, adequate,
integrated and relevant.
d. Philippine education encourages regional
planning.
1399) The State shall take into account regional and
sectoral needs and conditions and shall
encourage local planning in the development of
educational policies and programs.
This
statement means:
a. Philippine education is nationalistic.
b. Philippine education is democratic.
c. Philippine education is complete, adequate,
integrated and relevant.
d. Philippine education encourages regional
planning.
1400) The State is supposed to establish, maintain, and
support a complete, adequate and integrated
system of education relevant to the needs of all
the people and society. This statement means:
a. Philippine education is nationalistic.
b. Philippine education is democratic.
c. Philippine education is complete, adequate,
integrated and relevant.
d. Philippine education encourages regional
planning.
1401) What statement is FALSE with reference to Article II
The Teacher and State of the Code of Ethics of
Professional Teachers?
a. Every teacher shall enjoy academic freedom
and shall the privilege of sharing the product
of his researches and investigations,
provided that, if the results are inimical to the
declared policies of the state, they shall be
drawn to the proper authorities for
appropriate remedial action.
b. A teacher is a facilitator of learning and of
the development of the youth; he shall,
therefore, render the best services by
providing an environment conducive to such
learning and growth.
c. Every teacher or school official shall actively
help carry out the declared policies of the
state, and shall take an oath to this effect.
d. A teacher shall not use his position or official
authority of influence to coerce any other
person to follow any political course of
action.
1402) What statement is FALSE with reference to Article
IV The Teacher and the Profession of the Code
of Ethics of Professional Teachers?
a. Every teacher shall actively help insure that
teaching is the noblest profession, and shall
manifest genuine enthusiasm and pride in
teaching as a noble calling.
b. Every teacher shall use the teaching
profession in a manner that makes it a
dignified means for earning a decent living.
c. Every teacher shall uphold the highest
possible standards of quality education, and
shall make the best preparation for the

Page 92 of 104
career of teaching, and shall be at his best at
all times in the practice of his profession.
d. Teachers shall, at all times, be imbued with
the spirit of professional loyalty, mutual
confidence and faith in one another, selfsacrifice for the common good and full
cooperation with colleagues. When best
interest is at stakes in any controversy,
teachers shall support one another.
1403) What statement is FALSE with reference to Article
VIII The Teacher and the Learners of the Code
of Ethics of Professional Teachers?
a. A teacher shall not accept favors or gifts
from learners, their parents, or others in their
behalf in exchange for requested
concessions, especially if underserved,
b. A teacher shall not inflict corporal
punishment or offending learners nor make
deductions from their scholastic ratings as a
punishment for acts which are clearly not
manifestation of poor scholarship.
c. In a situation where mutual attraction and
subsequent love develop between teacher
and the learner, the teacher shall exercise
utmost professional discretion to avoid
scandal, gossip, and preferential treatment
of the learner.
d. A teacher shall maintain at all ties a dignified
personality, which could serve as model
worthy of emulation by learners, peers and
others.
1404) As provided in the Republic Act #4670, every
teacher shall enjoy equitable safeguards at each
stage of any disciplinary procedures and shall the
following except:
a. the right to be informed in writing, of the
charges
b. the right to full access to he evidence in the
case
c. the right to defend himself and to be
defended by a representative of his choice
and/or his organization, adequate time being
given to the teacher for the preparations of
his defense
d. the right to appeal to clearly designated
authorities.
e. All of these
1405) Whenever possible, the proper authorities shall
take all steps to enable married couples, both of
whom are public school teachers, to be
employed in the same locality.
a. Yes, it is provided in Republic Act #4670
b. No, its against on nepotism
c. Yes, as long as they will not be in the same
school
d. No, it against the provision of Republic Act
#4670
1406) In areas in which teachers are exposed to hardship
such as difficulty in community to the place of
work or other hazards peculiar to the place of
employment, as determined by the Secretary of

Education, they shall be compensated special


hardship allowance equivalent to:
a. at least 100% of their monthly salary
b. at least 75% of their monthly salary
c. at least 50% of their monthly salary
d. at least 25% oft their monthly salary
1407)

What statement is NOT TRUE in the case of


barangay high schools?
a. barangay high schools are established to
provide all Filipino equal opportunities for
high school education
b. Principal of the public high school nearest to
it administers a barangay high school.
c. A barangay school is authorized to open only
within a three kilometers radius of any
existing high school
d. A barangay high school may be opened on
the basis of the petition of the parents of fifty
students.
e. All of these

1408)

What is the primary purpose of the creation of


barangay schools?
a. to give equal opportunities for secondary
education to all Filipino youth.
b. To cater to the needs for education of the
barangay residents.
c.
To serve the purpose of a Constitutional
provisions.
d. To make community development a reality.
e. All of these

1409)

What statement is inconsistent with one of the


provisions of Republic Act No. 4670, otherwise
known as the Magna Carta for Public School
Teachers?
a. actual teaching is limited to six hours
b. no teacher shall be transferred without his
consent
c. every teacher shall enjoy security of tenure.
d. a teacher entitled to a study leave not
exceeding one school year often ten years of
service.
e. All of these

1410)

Which statement is TRUE with respect to the


meaning of the principle of separation of Church
and State?
a. there should be a law that shall be made
respecting an establishment of religion
b. no public money or property shall ever be
appropriated, applied, paid, or employed
directly or indirectly, for the use, benefit, or
support of any sect, church, denomination,
sectarian institution, or system of religion
c. all persons are encouraged to take part in
any activity of the church and profess their
belief
d. the state can punish a person for
entertaining or professing religious beliefs or
disbeliefs

Page 93 of 104
1411)

1412)

Which of the following phrases is NOT provided


for in the Education Act of 1940, known as
Commonwealth Act No. 536?
a. public elementary education to be supported
by the National Government
b. a six-year elementary education instead of
seven
c. a double-single session in the elementary
grades
d. fixed the actual teaching time of elementary
e. all of these
DECS Department Order No. 25, s. 1974
requires the use of Filipino as medium of
instruction in ____.
a. social studies
d. all of the above

c. it is a means of communication with Englishspeaking people.


d. It is a tool for advancement in the business
world
e. All of these
1417)

c. Grade IV
1418)

b. character education
e. none of the
above
c. work education, physical and health
education
1413)

Under the Magna Carta for Teachers, teachers


with ____ years of service of more may be
considered PBET eligible.
a. at least 10 years or more continuous service
b. at least five years or more continuous
service
c. seven years of service
d. three years of service
e. none of the above

1414)

1415)

According to Presidential Decree 1006 and its


implementing Memorandum No. 1. s. 1977 of the
National for Teachers, PBET is administered by
_____.
a. Civil Service Commission
b. Department of Education, Culture and Sports
c. National Educational Testing and Research
Center
d. jointly administered by all of the above
e. none of these
Presidential Decree 1006, otherwise known as
the Decree Professionalizing Teaching was
promulgated to ____.
a. regulate the practice teaching

With the promulgation of the bilingual policy of


the Department of Education, Culture and Sports,
what is the immediate function of English in the
schools?
a. it is a tool for learning science and
mathematics
b. it is an instrument for acquiring information
about the world

Department of Education Memorandum No. 280


is aimed at _____.
a. promoting the economic and social welfare
of all teaching and non-teaching personnel.
b. establishing teachers cooperatives and
other income generating activities
c. harnessing available manpower and material
resources toward productive endeavors
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

1419) This curriculum has fewer learning areas, but puts


more emphasis on the mastery of learning.
a. New Elementary School Curriculum
b. New Secondary Education Curriculum
c. Revised Elementary Education Curriculum
d. Revised Secondary Education Curriculum
1420) Which is the following is not a right of the teachers?
a. freedom of expression
b. establishes and joins organization
c. intellectual property
d. stage strike and protests
e. academic freedom
1421) The Commission on Higher Education was
established by _____.
a. RA 7722
d. RA 1452
b. RA 7796
e. RA 7743
c. RA 7687
1422)

The Republic Act, which lengthens the school


calendar from 200 days to not more than 220
days to take effect in school year 1995-1996, is
_____.
a. Republic Act No. 7791
b. Republic Act No. 7743
c. Republic Act No. 7798
d. Republic Act No. 7784
e. Republic Act No. 1616

1423)

The name of the Dept. of Education, Culture and


Sports (DECS) was changed to Dept. of
Education (DepEd) by virtue of what law?
a. R.A. # 9155
d. R. A. No. 2194
b. R.A. # 9411
e. R. A. No. 4670
c. R.A. # 9630

b. ensure that teacher education is of the


highest quality
c. assess prospective teachers knowledge,
skills and competencies
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
1416)

In accordance with the DECS Department Order


No. 25, s. 1974, the use of English and Filipino
as instructional media starts in ____.
a. Grade I
d. Grade VI
b. Grade III
e. all of the above

Page 94 of 104
1424)

Known as the Philippines Science City.


a. Los Baos, Laguna d. City of Manila
b. Cebu City
e. City of Baguio
c. Muoz, Nueva Ecija

1425) This landmark law bans sexual harassment in the


workplace and in the educational institutions.
a. R. A. #7977
d. Adm. Order No. 1250
b. Exec. Order #A-6
e. DECS Order
No. 120
c. R. A. #7877
1426) Free Public Secondary Education Act of 1988 is
contained in _____.
a. R. A. #6938
d. R. A. #6655
b. R.A. #6735
e. R. A. #7752
c. R. A. 6657
1427) The governance Basic Education Act of 2001 is
under ____.
a. R. A. 9155
d. R. A. #9165
b. R. A. 9145
e. R. A. 7752
c. R. A. 9135
1428) Public school teachers must observe the Dress
Code prescribed by the Civil Service
Commission. This practice in the line with the
Code of Ethical Standards for Public Official of
Employees, under Republic Act No.
a. 6713
b. 6731
c. 6741

d. 6751
e. 6171

1429) Anti-graft and Corrupt Practices Act is under _____.


A. R.A. 3029
b. R.A. 3019
c. R.A. 3051

d. R.A. 4991
e. R.A. 5919

1430) It is a decree, which made the observance of the


flag ceremony compulsory.
a. R.A. 4670
b. Batas Pambansa Blg. 232
c. R. A. 1459

d. R. A. 1265

1431) The first teacher-training school established by the


Americans in the Philippines in 1901 is the ____.
a. University of the Philippines
b.
c.
d.
e.

Philippine Normal School


Zamboanga Normal School
Cebu Normal University
Iloilo Normal School

1432) Which of the following is being demanded by the


CHED?
a. identifying certain colleges as centers of
excellence with corresponding funding and
responsibilities
b. emphasis on voluntary accreditation of
programs
c. creation of specialists to evaluate programs

d. granting autonomy to accredited private


schools
e. all of these
1433) Which of the following is a violation of R.A.7787Anti-Sexual harassment Act of 1995?
a. A BEED applicant for teaching is being
asked for a date by the superintendent,
before she could be hired.
b. The applicant is being asked to give P5, 000
before she could be hired.
c. The applicant is being interviewed about her
studies, including her victory as a beauty title
holder- Miss Cebu Tourism 1998.
d. The applicant was made to clean the office.
e. None of these
1434) This law grants paternity leave of absence with full
pay for male employees in both public and
private sector for the first four (4) deliveries of
their legitimate spouses.
a. RA 8187
b. RA 8876
c. Adm. Order # 308 d. Exec. Order #1052
1435) In the appointment or assignment of teachers to
public elementary or secondary schools, priority
shall be given to bonafide residents of the
barangays, municipality or city or province where
the school is located, provided that the teacher
possesses the minimum qualifications for the
position.
a. RA # 8190
d. RA # 6655
b. RA # 6735
e. RA # 6850
c. RA # 6657
1436) A law the requires that every school division should
organize special classes for children with special
needs.
a. RA # 1265
d. RA # 8190
b. RA # 6713
e. RA # 7624
c. PD # 603
1437) An Act abolishing the National College Entrance
Examination (NCEE), repealing for the purpose
of PD No. 1467?
a. RA # 7977
d. RA # 7731
b. RA # 7323
e. RA # 7463
c. RA # 7877
1438) A DECS Order that implemented the Bilingual
Education Policy since 1974 requiring English as
a medium of instruction in Science, Math and
Filipino in all other subject in elementary and
secondary school.
a. DECS Order No. 25
b. DECS Order No. 35
c. DECS Order No. 38
d. DECS Order No. 107
e. DECS Order No. 603
1439) This Order prescribed that any student, teacher,
professor, officer or employee of a university,
college or school who impedes, obstructs,
prevents, or defeats the right and obligation of a
teacher or professor to teach his subject or the

Page 95 of 104
right of a student to attend his classes shall be
subject to disciplinary action without prejudice to
the criminal liability of the offender.
a. Executive Order No. 34, s. 1980
b. Administrative Order No. 34, s. 1980
c. Department Order No. 34, s. 1980
d. MEC Order No. 22, s. 1980
e. MEC Order No. 34, s. 1980
1440) Vox Populi Est Supreme Lex is a Latin expression
that means what?
a. The Supreme Being is God
b. No one is above the law
c. The voice of the people is the supreme law
d. it is the popular choice
1441) This law was approved on January 23, 2002 which
establishes the National Service Training
Program for tertiary level students and amended
Republic Act No. 7077 and Presidential Decree
No. 1706.
a. Republic Act No 9163
b. Republic Act No. 8491
c. Republic Act No. 8525
d. Republic Act No. 7796
1442) This law was approved on August 2001 and known
as An Act Instituting a Framework of
Governance for Basic Education, Establishing
Authority and Accountability, Renaming the
Department of Education, Culture and Sports as
the Department of Education.
a. Republic Act No. 3155
b. Republic Act No. 8047
c. Republic Act No. 854
d. Republic Act No. 7104
1443) To improve the quality of tertiary education the
following must be undertaken:
a. Encourage flexibility in curricular
construction and simplify minimum
academic and physical facilities
standards
b. Redefine minimum campestral credit
hours to conform to time allocations
c. Revive Associate in Arts (A.A.) and
similar two-year general education
courses
d. Liberalize tertiary regulation and
encourage alternative mechanisms for
monitoring quality of high education
e. Permit student who did basic education
abroad and finished at least ten years to
enter college
f. None of the above
g. All of the above
1444) This law was enacted on June 8, 1940 and
conferred the status of persons in authority
upon the teacher, professors, and persons
charged with the supervision of public or duly
recognized private schools, colleges and
universities.
a. Commonwealth Act No. 80
b. Commonwealth Act. No. 1
c. Commonwealth Act No. 578

d. Act No. 2706


1445) This law prescribed the inclusion in the curricula of
all schools, both public and private, from
elementary schools to the universities the life,
works and writings of Jose Rizal especially to the
Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo.
a. Republic Act No. 1256 as amended by R.A.
No. 8491
b. Republic Act No. 1124 as repealed by R.A.
No. 7722
c. Republic Act No. 6728 as amended by R.A.
8545
d. Republic Act No. 1425
1446) This law provided for the granting of civil service
eligibility to all government employees who are
holding provisional or temporary status who have
rendered a total of at least seven (7) years of
efficient and dedicated service.
a. Republic Act No. 4670
b. Republic Act. 7323
c. Republic Act No. 6850
d. Republic Act No. 7722
1447) This law grants civil service eligibility to all honor
graduates (i.e. summa cum laude, magna cum
laude, cum laude) of four year or longer courses
from schools, colleges and universities of good
standing starting school year 1972-1973.
a. Republic Act No. 4670
b. Presidential Decree No. 907
c. Presidential Decree No. 1006
d. CHED Order No. 59
1448) This law provides in the appointment or assignment
of teachers to public elementary or secondary
schools, priority shall be given to bonafide
residents of the barangays, municipality or city or
province where the school is located, provided
that the teacher possesses the minimum
qualification for the position.
a. Republic Act No. 8190
b. Republic Act no. 7624
c. Republic Act No. 7731
d. Republic Act No. 7797
1449) This law made the observance of the flag ceremony
compulsory.
a. Republic Act No. 7079
b. Republic Act No. 1265
c. Republic Act No. 9155
d. Republic Act No. 3019
1450)

It is an act to strengthen the regulation and


supervision of the practice of teaching in the
Philippines and prescribing a Licensure
Examination for Teachers.
a. RA 7836
e. RA 9155
b. RA 9293
e. RA 7610
c. RA 7722

1451)

According to Republic Act No. 7836, this term


refers to the profession concerned primarily with
classroom instruction at the elementary and
secondary levels in accordance with the

Page 96 of 104
curriculum prescribed by the Department of
Education, Culture and Sports, whether on parttime or full-time basis in the private or public
schools.
a. Teachers
c. Principals
b. Teaching
d. Learning
1452)

1453)

1454)

1455)

The scope of the board examination for teachers


in the elementary level shall consist of, namely:
a. professional education and field of
specialization
b. general education and field of specialization
c. general education and professional
education
d. general education only
The scope of the board examination for teachers
in the secondary level shall consist of, namely:
a. professional education and field of
specialization
b. general education and field of specialization
c. general education and professional
education
d. general education, professional education
and field of
specialization
A professional license signed by the chairman of
the Commission and bearing the registration
number and date of issuance thereof and the
month of expiry or renewability shall likewise be
issued to every registrant who has paid the
annual registration fees for _____ consecutive
years.
a. three years
c. five years
b. four years
d. six years
e. seven years
As provided in RA 9293, professional teachers
who have not practiced their profession for the
past five (5) years shall take at least twelve (12)
units of education courses, consisting of at least:
a. six (6) units of pedagogy and six (6) units of
content courses
b. six (6) units of general education and six (6)
professional education
c. six (6) units of professional education and six
(6) units field specialization
d. twelve (12) units from any courses or
subjects

1456)

Examinees who have failed the licensure


examination for professional teachers, with a
rating of not lower than five percentage points
from the passing general average rating, shall be
eligible as _____ upon issuance by the Board of
a two-year special permit, renewable for a nonextendible period of two (2) years.
a. temporary teacher
b. para-teacher
c. substitute teacher
d. permanent/regular teacher

1457)

Special parental authority and responsibility


over the minor child in Article 218 of the Family
Code of the Philippines means

a. authority shall apply to all authorized


activities whether inside or outside the
premises of the school, entity of institution
b. authority shall apply to all activities whether
inside or outside the premises of the school,
entity of institution
c. authority shall apply only to activities inside
the premises of the school, entity of
institution
d. none of these
1458)

When parental authority does


permanently?
a. upon the death of the parents

terminate

b. upon the death of the child


c. upon emancipation of the child
d. all of these
1459)

Pursuant to Art. 231 of the Family Code of the


Philippines, parental authority may also be
suspended if the parent or the person exercising
the following, except.
a. treats the child with excessive harshness or
cruelty
b. gives the child corrupting orders, counsel or
example
c. compel the child to beg
d. subject the child or allows him to be
subjected to acts of lasciviousness
e. deal the child with tender loving care

1460)

This Act refers to the Special Protection of


Children Against Child Abuse, Exploitation and
Discrimination.
a. RA 7722
c. RA 7877
b. RA 9293
d. RA 7610
e. RA 8980

1461)

This is known as the Anti-Sexual Harassment


Act of 1995
a. RA 7722
c. RA 7877
b. RA 9293
d. RA 7610
e. RA 8980

1462)

In education or training environment, sexual


harassment is committed ____.
a. against one who is under the care, custody
or supervision of the offender
b. against one whose education, training,
apprenticeship or tutorship is entrusted to
the offender
c. when the sexual favor is made a condition to
the giving of a passing grade, or the granting
of honors and scholarships, or the payment
of a stipend, allowance or other benefits,
privileges or considerations
d. when the sexual advances result in an
intimidating, hostile or offensive environment
for the result, trainee or apprentice.
e. All of these

1463)

This Act is known as Early Childhood Care and


Development
a. RA 7722
c. RA 7877
b. RA 9293
d. RA 7610

Page 97 of 104
e. RA 8980
1464)

1465)

This is an Order renaming the Bureau of NonFormal Education to Bureau of Alternative


Learning System
a. Executive Order No. 653
b. Executive Order No. 365
c. Executive Order No. 356
d. Executive Order No. 123
e. Executive Order No. 456

b. utilizing every minute of the academic time


for competent teaching
c. earning graduate degree for promotion
d. being a member in the National Organization
for Professional Teachers
1471)

What statement is FALSE with reference to


Section 1 and Section 2, Article XIV of the 1987
Constitution?
a. quality education is privilege in sop far as all
citizens are concerned
b. public education in the elementary is free
and compulsory
c. scholarship grants, student loan programs,
subsidies and other incentives to deserving
students in both public and private schools
d. non-formal, informal and indigenous
learning, self-learning, independent, and outof-school study programs are encouraged.
e. All of these

1472)

Under the present Constitution, pupils


attendance in religious instruction is public
elementary and high schools shall be allowed
only if ___
a. the superintendent, supervisors and
principals will issue an instruction compelling
attendance
b. the parish priest or pastor shall authorize
them in writing
c. when parents shall submit written authority
allowing their children to attend religious
instruction
d. when school children have become
delinquents
e. when children made promise to behave
properly

1473)

Miss Melgo is a BS Biology graduate and is


intending to teach in a public high school. Based
on Magna Carta for public School Teachers, what
she should do to qualify?
a. pursue a Masters degree in Biology

With Republic Act 7836 the licensure exam for


teachers is with:
a. Commission on Higher Education
b. Professional
Regulation
Commission
c. Department of Education
d. Civil Service Commission

1466)

This embodies the teachers duties and


responsibilities as well as proper behavior in
performing them.
a. Code of Ethics for Teachers
b. Magna Carta for Public School Teachers
c. Bill of Rights
d. Philippine Constitution of 1987

1467)

Dr. Melgo upholds his freedom to discuss topics


within his field of expertise without fear of being
persecuted. This is known as:
a. Right to Suffrage c.
Right to grow
professionally
b. Academic Freedom
d. Freedom of
speech

1468)

Under no circumstances shall a teacher be


prejudiced discriminatory against any learner,
stays the Code of Ethics. When a teacher
prejudiced against any learner?
a. when the refuses a pupil with a slight physical
disability in class
b. when he makes a farsighted pupil sit at the
back
c. when he makes a nearsighted pupil sit in
front
d. when he considers multiple intelligence in the
choice of his teaching strategies

1469)

1470)

Who among the following is genuinely


nationalistic? The citizen who ___.
a. works overseas for the education of his/her
children
b. sings the National Anthem with all his/her
heart
c. salutes the flag as it is raised during
ceremony
d. uses his/her skill and capital to generate jobs
in the countryside
Which is the most authentic proof of nationalism
on the part of teacher?
a. winning the award Most Outstanding
Teacher

b. start teaching in a private school


c. earn five-year experience as Biologist
d. d. take at least 18 units in education
1474)

What can be filed against a principal or teacher


who is a paramour?
a. infidelity
c. immorality
b. bigamy
d. moral defamation

1475)

During the Marcos era, national development


goals were stated in Education Act of 1972,
known as Presidential Decree ____.
a. No. 6-A
b. No. 7-A
c. No. 8-A

1476)

d. No. 9-A

What statement is inconsistent with one of the


provision of Republic Act No. 4670, otherwise
known as the Magna Carta for Public School
Teachers?

Page 98 of 104
a. teacher engaged in actual classroom
instruction shall be required to render more
than six hours actual classroom teaching
b. no teacher shall be transferred without his
consent
c. every teacher shall enjoy security of tenure
d. a teacher is entitled to a study leave not
exceeding one school year
1477)

1482)

It is hereby declared the policy of the State to


protect and promote the right of all citizens to
quality basic education and to make such
education accessible to all by providing all
Filipino children a free and compulsory education
in elementary level and free education in the high
school level. This is the declaration of policy of
____.
a. CHED
c. DepEd
b. TESDA
d. Presidential Decree No.
6-A

1483)

it is hereby declared to be the policy of the


government to ensure, within context of a free
and democratic system maximum contribution of
the educational system to his attainment of the
following national development goals. This is
the declaration of policy of ____.
a. CHED
c. DepEd
b. TESDA
d. Presidential Decree No.
6-A

1484)

To fight illiteracy, the 1987 Constitution mandates


that the state shall maintain a system of free
education in elementary and high school.
Further it provides that ___.
a. elementary education should be compulsory
for all children of school age
b. formal and nonformal education should be
compulsory
c. elementary and high school education
should be compulsory
d. education at all levels should be compulsory

1485)

According to the Constitution, the State is


required to establish and maintain free public and
compulsory education in the ____.
a. elementary level only

Which of the following is not a right of public


school teachers?
a. freedom of expression
b. establishes and joins organizations
c. intellectual property
d. stage a strike and protests
e. academic freedom

1478)

Mr. Melgo, a public school teacher of Cantoratoy


National High School plans to pursue Masters
studies. When he is entitled to go on study
leave?
a. if his principal approves his leave
b. if he has rendered seven years of service
c. f a substitute teacher is available
d. if there is a decrease in the enrollment

1479)

Mr. Melgo, an ineligible teacher was given a


probationary appointment in Cantoratoy National
High School. When can he avail of permanent
status?
a. when there is a vacant permanent position
b. after finishing MA in education
c. once given the Teacher of the Year award
d. after rendering at least 10 years of efficient
service

1480)

1481)

The State shall ensure and protect academic


freedom and shall promote its exercise and the
observance for the continuing intellectual growth,
the advancement of learning and research, the
development of responsible and effective
leadership, the education of high-level and
middle-level professionals, and the enrichment of
our historical and cultural heritage. This is the
declaration of policy of ____.
a. CHED
c. DepEd
b. TESDA
d. Presidential Decree No.
6-A
it is hereby declared that policy of the State to
provide relevant, accessible, high quality and
efficient technical education and skills
development in support of the development of
high quality Filipino middle-level manpower
responsive to and in accordance with the
Philippine development goals and priorities.
This is the declaration of policy of ____.
a. CHED
c. DepEd
b. TESDA
d. Presidential Decree No.
6-A

b. secondary level
c. secondary and tertiary levels
d. elementary and secondary levels
1486)

Section V, Article XIV of the 1986 Constitution


provides that the State shall assign the highest
budgetary priority to education to ____
a. encourage teacher to conduct more
researchers and studies on the arts and
culture
b. ensure that all schools are provided with
modern equipment and facilities
c. attack the best available talents through
adequate remuneration
d. curtail the exodus of the teachers seeking
employment abroad

1487)

The primary objective of bilingual education is to


prepare the learners to be ____.
a. proficient in Filipino and eight major dialects
b. globally competitive
c. proficient in English and another foreign
language
d. proficient in both Filipino and English

Page 99 of 104
1488)

1489)

According to Magna Carta for Teachers, a


teacher assigned to a school ten or more
kilometers from the poblacion without regular
means of transportation to reach, is entitle to
___.
a. a hardship allowance of 25 percent of the
monthly salary as additional compensation
b. an additional compensation of 50 percent of
the monthly salary
c. service credits of one day for every five days
of service during the whole year
d. the privilege of teaching only four days a
week
To strengthen teacher education the Teacher
Education Council created under RA No. 7764
will choose a private or public college engaged in
pre-service, continuing, formal and non-formal
education of teachers in strategic places in each
region of the country based on certain criteria.
This will be called ____
a. Department of Teacher Education
b. Commission on Teacher Education
c. Teacher Education Center of Excellence

b. The official language of the Philippines are


Filipino and English
c. Filipino is the official language of the
Tagalog speaking provinces
d. The government shall initiate and sustain the
use of Filipino as medium of official
communication and as a language of
instruction in the education system
1494)

c. formal education
d. voluntary accreditation
1495)

The Constitutional provision on language has the


following aims EXCEPT
a. to make the regional dialect as auxiliary
media of instructions in regional schools
b. to maintain English as a second language
c. to make Filipino the sole medium of
instruction
d. to make Filipino the national language and
medium of instruction and official
communication

1496)

The introduction of nonformal education in life


with the Constitution provision on ___.
a. protection of teachers
b. promoting the rights of all citizens
c. to make quality education accessible to all
d. acceptance, affection and achievement
e. affection, ability, attitudes

1497)

With regards to business, which does the Code


of Ethics say about teachers?
a. a teacher shall maintain a good reputation
with respect to debts, loans and other
financial matters
b. no teacher shall be financially interested in
any commercial venture involving textbooks
and other school commodities where he/she
can exercise official influence
c. no teacher shall act as an agent of textbooks
and other school commodities where he/she
can exercise official influence
d. a teacher may not engage in any kind of
business

1498)

Which is ethical for a teacher to do in a situation


where he/she falls in love with a student or when
a student falls in love with his/her teacher?
a. the teacher advises the student to
discontinue with his/her studies
b. the teacher resigns from his/her teaching job
c. the teacher avoids that learner
d. the teacher exercises discretion to avoid
scandal and gossip and preferential
treatment of that learner

1499)

Miss Connie Cepeda is newly appointed teacher.


The principal handed a copy of the Teachers

d. Commission on Teacher Education


e. Teacher Education Commission
1490)

Professionalization of teachers and teaching as


promulgated in Presidential Decree No. 1006,
defines teaching as profession concerned with
classroom institution ____.
a. by teachers on full-time basis
b. at the tertiary level in both public and private
institutions
c. at the elementary and secondary levels in
both public and private schools
d. by teachers of permanent status

1491)

The Educational Act of 1982 expressly granted


institutions of higher learning the freedom to
determine on academic grounds that shall be
admitted to study, who may teach and what shall
be the subjects of study and research. This
refers to ____.
a. academic freedom
b. constitutional freedom
c. Educational freedom
d. d. institutional freedom

1492)

In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics for


Professional Teachers, which of the following
teacher descriptions is included in the Code of
Ethics for Professional Teachers?
a. Persons of dignity and reputation
b. Duly licensed professional
c. with satisfactory teaching performance
d. passed the licensure exam for teachers

1493)

The 1987 Philippine Constitution states the


following EXCEPT
a. The National language of the Philippines is
Filipino

As provided for in the Education Act of 1982, how


are the institutions of learning encouraged to set
higher standards of quality over and above the
minimum required for state recognition?
a. academic freedom
b. continuing professional education

Page 100 of 104


Code of Ethics. Which could have been the
motive of the principal?
a. acquaint her with principles of moral
behavior, conduct and relationship in the
practice of profession
b. make her aware of the principles and rules
prescribed under the authority of the state
c. familiarize her with the generally customs of
right living in a society
d. provides her a set of rules and regulation to
observe in school
1500) This law grants the paternity leave of absence with
full pay to male employee in both public and
private sector for the first four (4) deliveries of the
legitimate spouses.
a. Republic Act No. 8047
c. Republic Act
No. 7687
b. Republic Act No. 8190
d. Republic Act
No. 8187
Part III Paragraph Organization
Direction:

An unconditioned response takes place


when the dog salivates at the sight of food; while,
a conditioned response results when salivation
takes place at the sound of the bell.

In the early 1900s Ivan Pavlov, the Russian


psychologist conducted a series of experiments
with dogs. To illustrate the principle of
conditioned response type of learning.

The dog naturally salivated at the sight of


food.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

2.

For each number below there are four or five


sentences, A, B, C, D, E. These sentences,
when properly arranged in correct order, will
make a well-organized paragraph. Read
each sentence carefully and choose which
one should be the first sentence, the second,
and so on.

__
__
__
__

1.
2.
3.
4.

Through our sense organs information is


gathered about the world around us.

The eyes send a signal to the brain telling


the stimulus is present.

The brain then screens out the information so


that we are able to understand it.

Human beings perceive things through the help


of the following senses: Taste, sight, touch,
hearing and smell.

When one sees a fire with his eyes, he


perceives it.

Example
1.

The teacher should know the relation of


biological sciences, the social sciences and the
humanistic discipline.

This knowledge places him in a position


where he can relate anthropology with other
sciences.

He can do an evaluative analysis of the


government program.

And he will be able to analyze whether


educational programs are geared towards
the right direction.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:
__
1. the fourth in the paragraph?
__
2. the second in the paragraph?
__
3. the last in the paragraph?
3.

Likewise, when we think of a test, we are to take


for what we are not ready to take, and we feel a
sense of defeat.

The other one is when information comes


to us through our senses.

Emotional reactions can be aroused in


two separate ways.

We hear a squeaky sound in a dark room,


and we become afraid.

One-Way of arousing reaction is by


thoughts.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order,


which should be:
A
B
C
D
ANSWER:

1.
2.
3.
4.

the first in the paragraph?


the last in the paragraph?
the second in the paragraph?
the third in the paragraph?

A, B, C, D

the third statement in the paragraph?


the last statement in the paragraph?
the first statement in the paragraph?
the fourth statement in the paragraph?

Start here:
1. A

Eventually, the dog salivated merely at the sound


of the bell as it had been conditioned to correlate
the bell with the food.
A bell is rung every time food was offered.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:
__
1. the third in the paragraph?
__
2. the second in the paragraph?
__
3. the fourth in the paragraph?
__
4. the first in the paragraph?

Page 101 of 104

4.

__

5. the fifth in the paragraph?

Through psychoanalysis, an individual


can be made to remember his repressed
thoughts and feelings and later change his
behavior to solve a problem.

He believed that one tends to suppress


thoughts or memories that other people
seem to disapprove of.

question is given by the machine.


If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best
order, which should be:

7.

Psychoanalysis started with the work of


Sigmund Freud, an Austrian doctor who
explored the way the human mind
worked.
Freud believed that these repressed
thoughts greatly affect a persons
behavior.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:
__
__
__

1. the last in the paragraph?


2. the third in the paragraph?
3. the first in the paragraph?

If a whale faces danger, it communicates


with other whales for help.

1. the third in the paragraph?


2. the last in the paragraph?
3. the second in the paragraph?

A
B

Suddenly the rain comes.


He makes preparations for it and is
Looking forward to the occasion with
eagerness.

Hes disappointed and experiences


displeasures.

D.

Carlos is going to a party.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

8.
5.

__
__
__

Whales can even work together to get


over a complicated job which one whale
may fail to do.

__
__
__

1. the third in the paragraph?


2. the first in the paragraph?
3. the last in the paragraph?

And the world passes away.

For all that is in the world is not of the


Father, but is of the world.

If any man had the world, the love of the


Father is not in him.
But he who does the will of God abodes
forever.

D
C
D

Some animals act in very intelligent and


extraordinary ways.
They are capable of telling each other
what to do merely by talking to each other
in their language.
Whales can talk to each other by
whistling and clicking sounds.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best order,


which should be:

6.

__
__
__

1. the third in the paragraph?


2. the fourth in the paragraph?
3. the second in the paragraph?

If the answer given the learner is wrong,


the information is taught again, and then
the question is repeated.

It utilizes one of several kinds of teaching


machines that provide a question for the
learner to answer.

In this way, the student is helped by


giving him another chance if he is wrong
in his first attempt.

Programmed learning is one new


teaching method.

But if the answer is correct, another

Love not the world, neither the things


that is in the world.
1 John 2:15-17

9.

__
__
__

1. the second in the paragraph?


2. the third in the paragraph?
3. the fourth in the paragraph?

A
B
C

Logic can help one think more clearly.


Logic is the science of reasoning.
Fallacies are incorrect, unreasonable
arguments, but they can be persuasive
although they are not correct.

It can help one find or resist arguments


from the unsound ones.

It is a way of separating sound arguments


from the unsound ones.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:
__
__
__

1. the last in the paragraph?


2. the second in the paragraph?
3. the fourth in the paragraph?

Page 102 of 104


10.

Surgery can be performed to a person


even without anesthetics through
hypnosis.

Not everyone can be hypnotized against


his will.

Today, hypnotism is often used to help


doctors and dentists in their work.

A patient will not cooperate, though he is


under hypnosis, if he is made to do
something against his will.

learn faster if they have some kind of


motivations to learn.

14.

11.

1. the fourth in the paragraph?


2. the second in the paragraph?
3. the third in the paragraph?

Thereon you may dislike people with a


moustache and not know why.
For instance, in the past, you may have
been hurt or embarrassed by someone
with a moustache.

Unconscious thoughts are thoughts you


are not aware of which bring out
emotional reactions.

Thus, your hatred of be moustachepeople is triggered by some unconscious


thoughts.

12.

1. the first in the paragraph?


2. the second in the paragraph?
3. the third in the paragraph?

For thousand years of years, people who


had mental illness were feared at or
ignored.
But while doctors were trying to help
people with body illnesses, those people
with mental illness was not so lucky.
Mentally ill people then were punished for
they were regarded as witches and were
controlled by devil spirits.

B
C

Oftentimes the satisfaction one gets from


learning is a kind of motivation.

__
__
__

1. the fourth in the paragraph?


2. the second in the paragraph?
3. the first in the paragraph?

There is a surge of anger within Carla.

Carla is all dressed-up for a party, waiting


for her escort to pick her up.

Her heart beats faster, blood rushes to


her head as she lifts her hand and strikes
her brother with her fist.

Suddenly, her young brother rushes in


with a glass of chocolate and bumps
against her, spilling of the contents of the
glass on her new dress.

This it a sign of extreme anger.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:
__
__
__

A high grade or a good pay is one kind of


motivation.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:
__
__
__

15.

__
__
__
__

1.
2.
3.
4.

For where your treasure is, there will be


your heart is also.

Lay not up yourselves treasure upon the


earth where moth and rust doth corrupt
and where thieves break through the
steal.

You cannot serve God and mammon.

But lay up for yourselves treasures in


heaven where neither moth nor rust doth
corrupt, and where thieves do not break
through not steal.

No man can serve two masters: for


neither will he hate the one, nor love the other or
love one, and despise the other.

Like all sorts of sicknesses of the body,


mental illness has been plaguing man
since the beginning.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

13.

__
__
__
A

1. the second in the paragraph?


2. the first in the paragraph?
3. the last in the paragraph?
Educational psychologists are people who
study the nature of learning.

Most psychologists agree that people

the second in the paragraph?


the last in the paragraph?
the third in the paragraph?
the fourth in the paragraph?

Source: Matthew 6:19-21,


24
If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best
order, which should be:
__

1. the fifth in the paragraph?

Page 103 of 104

16.

__
__
__

2. the first in the paragraph?


3. the fourth in the paragraph?
4. the last in the paragraph?

Watch a child grabs his toy and pulls it


toward him if he sees it. But when hidden
under a blanket, the toy might not be
seen by the baby.

Reasoning is dependent on memory in


that one remembers things from those he
draws conclusions from.

without our feeling sad at all?


E

We cry automatically in order to protect


and cleanse our eyes.

When the irritation reaches our eyes, they


are protected by tear flow.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:
__
__
__

1. the fourth in the paragraph?


2. the second in the paragraph?
3. the last in the paragraph?

He wanted to run but he could not move.

This shows that a babys reasoning ability


has not develop far enough for him to
figure out a way of getting back his toy.

He was petrified and shivered with fear.

This is an instant paralyzing fear.

Reasoning is the mental process of


making conclusions from gathered facts
and observations that one has made.

He wanted to shout for help but felt a


constricting band around his throat.

Juan, while taking a stroll in the rice


fields, saw unexpectedly a snake on his path,
slithering toward him.

A persons ability to reason out develops


and increases as he grows up in a good
environment.

19.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

17.

__
__
__

1. the fourth in the paragraph?


2. the second in the paragraph?
3. the last in the paragraph?

Unlike those whose eyes are on-the sides


of their heads, such as fishes, horses,
and most insects, they see all of their
surroundings.

In the latter type, the fields of vision


overlap (binocular vision)

Each eye covers a different field of vision.

Animals differ in t he way they see things


around.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

20.

Animals with eyes towards the front of


their head, like the men and predatory
birds, can only see about half of its
surroundings.

__
__
__

1. the last in the paragraph?


2. the second in the paragraph?
3. the first in the paragraph?

In the desert, a person parched with


thirst, may see something glistening, like a pool
of water.

The mirage is caused by the rays of the


sun striking the sand and the refraction of these
rays.

This is optical illusion.

Illusion is a false perception where the


imagination gives to an object qualities
that does not really belong to it.

Take a thirsty traveler who rushes to a


well (mirage) and discovers that there is
not water in it.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

18.

__
__
__

1. the last in the paragraph?


2. the third in the paragraph?
3. the first in the paragraph?

The tears wash away the irritating


substance.

Onion gives off a volatile substance when


its sliced.

This volatile substance is irritating to the


eyes.
Have you noticed how onions make us cry

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

21.

__
__
__

1. the second in the paragraph?


2. the fourth in the paragraph?
3. the first in the paragraph?

For human beings, the gestation period is


more or less 280 days, or nine months.

They are able to survive only when given


special cares or placed in the incubator.

Page 104 of 104


C

A full-term infant is one who is born when


the gestation is completed.

Premature babies are those born before


the full term of their mothers pregnancy.

At the termination of the nine months, the


infant is fully prepared to be outside of his
mothers womb.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

22.

__
__
__

1. the first in the paragraph?


2. the last in the paragraph?
3. the third in the paragraph?

In case of earthquake keep calm.

After the main earthquake, stay away


from unstable objects.

C
D

Earthquake drill must be conducted in


schools and places of work.
Location of exists and entrances must be
familiar to everybody.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

23.

__
__
__

1. the last sentence should be


2. the third sentence should be
3. the first sentence should be

A new typhoon reclassification has been


given by PAG-ASA.

If any damage is found, turn off main


switch or valve.

Classes in elementary and secondary


level are automatically suspended when
Signal #3 is raised.

However, school heads can call off


classes at any time when flooding or any
danger in school area is eminent.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

24.

__
__
__

1. the second sentence will be


2. the third sentence will be
3. the last sentence will be

Since falling objects cause injuries place


heavy objects in low places.

Know the locations of first aid and fire


extinguisher.

Planning for action is key to effective


disaster control.

When you are in the topmost floor, stay


put.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:

25.

__
__
__
__

1.
2.
3.
4.

the last sentence is


the first sentence is
the second sentence is
the third sentence is

Jesus is the role model.

Repentance and forgiveness are


essential to marriage.

Practicing those virtues daily is difficult.

We need the divine help to do this.

If the above sentences are to be arranged in the best


order, which should be:
__
__
__

1. the second sentence will be


2. the last sentence will be
3. the third sentence will be