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It explains combustion as a result of

loss of a substance.
a. Phlogiston
b. Roasting
c. Reduction
d. Fission
The volume of a definite quantity of
dry gas is inversely proportional to the
pressure provided the temperature
remains constant.

It is the enthalpy change associated


with the condensation of gaseous
positive and negative ion into a
crystal.
a Raoults Law
b. Lattice Energy
c. Enthalpy Of Solution
d. Partition Coefficient
It is a product of the weathering of
complex silicates, particularly of
feldspars which are abundant
minerals.

a. Charles Law
b. Boyles Law
c. Gay-Lussacs Law
d. Daltons Law

a. clay
b. chalk
c. pyrite
d.diamond

It refers to matter that do not have


definite form or structure.
a. Amorphous
b. Morphous
c. Transient
d. Extrinsic

Electrons occupy all the orbitals of a


given subshell singly before pairing
begins. These unpaired electrons have
parallel spins. This is known as:

Three grams of sulphur dissolved in


200 g of naphthalene C10H8, was found
decreasing the freezing point of the
solvent to 0.72 C. Find the molecular
weight of the solute. (Kf C10H8 = 6.9
C/molar)
a. 351.16 g/mole
b. 115.32 g/mole
c. 135.61 g/mole
d. 151.23 g/mole

Substance having a pH level less than


7
a. acid
b. base
c. salt
d. hydrate

a. Building Up Principle
b. Aufbau Principle
c. Hunds rule
d.Davids rule
This law states that at constant
temperature the volume of a sample
of gas varies inversely with the
pressure.
a. Avogadros Law
b. Boyles Law
c. Charles Law
d. Gay-Lussacs Law

It is the scattering of light by colloidal


particles
a. Mott Scaterring
b. Tyndall Effect
c. Rayleigh Scattering
d. Wolf Effect

Consider H3AsO3, Arsenic acid


(H=1.01,As=74.9,O=16.0).How many
mole is 1kg of H3AsO3?
a. 7.94 moles
b. 6.94 moles
c. 5.94 moles
d. 8.94 moles
It is customary to indicate accuracy by
using a certain numbers of figures or
digits.
a. atomic mass unit
b. International system
c. significant figures
d. supplementary units
It is required for organic compounds.
a. hydrogen
b. oxygen
c. boron
d. carbon
Term used to denote the technology of
treating a mined ore to obtain a
product higher on concentration of a
wanted mineral from the unwanted
rock mass in which it occurs
a. ore dressing
b. galvanization
c. alloying
d. filtering

It states that, "If a stress is placed on a


system on equilibrium whereby the
equilibrium is altered, that change will
take place which tends to relieve or
neutralize the effect of the added
stress".
a. Le Chatelier's Principle
b. Snell's Law
c. Huygen's Principle
d. Avogrado's Law

The energy possessed by a substance


that allows it to be changed into a new
substance.
a. Chemical energy
b. Physical energy
c. Potential energy
d. Nuclear energy
If heat is absorbed by the system
during a chemical change, it is called
as:
a. exothermal
b. endothermal
c. endothermic
d. exothermic
Who determined the quantitative
relationship between the amount of
electricity used in electrolysis and the
amount of chemical reaction that
occurs?
: a. Ernest Rutherford
b. Michael Faraday
c. Marie Curie
d. John Dalton
It is considered as derivatives of
ammonia in which one or more of the
hydrogens have been replaced by the
alkyl or aryl group. It is characterized
by unpleasant odors
a. Alkanes
b. Esters
c. Amines
d. Nitriles

Calculate the molar concentration of a


solution that contains 15g of
potassium hydroxide in 225ml of
solution.
a.1.2 M
b. 11.9 M
c. 4.46 M
d. 2.60 M

a. Graphite
b. Charcoal
c. Diamond
d. Silicon
Calculate the ratio of the rate of
diffusion of hydrogen to the rate of
diffusion of oxygen. How fast does
hydrogen diffuse than oxygen? Given:
Density of oxygen is 0.0899 g/L and
the density of oxygen is 1.43 g/L.
a. One
b. Two
c. Three
d. Four
What is the volume of 1 moles of a gas
at 2 atm and 273 K?
a. 1.12 L
b. 10L
c.11.2L
d. 112L
It is a borosilicate glass with a very
low coefficient of thermal expansion,
hence, it's wide for cooking and
serving utensils.
a. Lime Glass
b. Pyrex
c. Silicones
d. Zeotites
What is the mass in kilograms of 10.5
gal (39.7 L) of gasoline with a specific
gravity of 0.82.
a.
b.
c.
d.

10.5 kg
28 kg
33 kg
44 kg

It is a colorless solid capable of being


cut into brilliant crystals is the
hardest, must abrasive mineral known

It is the calculation of both energy


balances and material balances in a
chemical system.
a. Molarity
b. Molality
c. Calorimetry
d. Stoichiometry
_________ involves the replacement of
one of the atoms or groups of atoms
attached to the carbon Backbone of
the organic molecule.
: a.halogination
b. chemical reaction
c. Addition reaction
d. Substitution Reaction
Calculate the volume (in Litres)
occupied by 7.40g of NH3 at STP
(Standard Temperature, and Pressure)
a. 8.73L
b. 10.73L
c . 9.73L
d. 12.73L
It is the Energy change accompanying
a mole of electrons being added to a
mole of a gaseous atoms or ions.
a. Electronic Affinity
b. Bingling Energy
c . Biochemical Energy
d. Fission

A 466g sample of Water is Heated


from 8.50C to 74.60C. Calculate the
amount of Heat Absorbed (in Kilo
Joules) by the Water.

a. 130 KJ
b. 129 KJ
c . 192 KJ
d. 160 KJ
A silicon chip used in an integrated
circuit of a microcomputer has a mass
of 5.68mg. How many silicon (Si)
atoms are present in this chip?
a. 5.6x10-3 atoms
b. b. 2.02x1010atoms
c. 1.22x1020atoms
d.
2.22x1020atoms
This Law states that if a process can
be written as the sum of several
stepwise processes, the Enthalphy
change the total process equals the
sum of the Enthalphy changes of the
Various Steps.
a. Gauss Law
b. Hess Law
c . Boyles Law
d. Newtons Law
This process separates the
components of a mixture on the basis
of differences in particle size. It is used
most often to separate a liquid from a
solid.
a. Crystallization
b. Extraction
c. Filtration
d. Chromatography
Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) is a
colorless, odorless, very unreactive
gas. Calculate the pressure (in atm)
exerted by 1.82 moles of gas in a steel
vessel of volume 5.43L at 45C.
a. 6.75 atm
b. 7.75 atm
c. 8.75 atm
d. 9.75 atm

It is defined as the pressure exerted by


a force of one newton acting on an
area of one square meter.
a. Kelvin
b. Meter
c. Pascal
d. Newton
:A bottle of certain ceramic tile
cleanser, which essentially a solution
of hydrogen chloride, contains 130g of
HCl and 750g of water. What is the
percent by mass of HCl in this
cleanser?
a. 15.7%
b. 16.3%
c. 14.8%
d. 13.8%
A covalent bond between two atoms
with different electronegativities, so
that the electron density is
unsymmetrically distributed.
a. Non- Polar bond
b. Polar bond
c. Single bond
d. Triple bond
Which element has the highest
ionization potential of its atom?
a. Hydrogen
b. Oxygen
c. Helium
d. Zinc
It is the minimum amount of
radioactive material needed to sustain
a nuclear chain reaction.
a. Molar mass
b. Critical mass
c. Molecular mass
d. Atomic mass unit
In the atmosphere, nitrogen dioxide
reacts with water to produce nitric

acid, which contributes to pollution by


acid rain: 3NO2(g) + H2O(l) ----->
2HNO3(aq) + NO(g) How many grams of
HNO3 are produced for every 1.0mol of
NO2 that reacts? The molecular weight
of HNO3 is 63.0amu.
a. 42 g HNO3
b. 42 kg HNO3
c. 4.2 g HNO3
d. 42 mg HNO3
_________ states that a constant
pressure and temperature, the volume
of a gas is directly proportional to the
number of moles present.
a. Boyles Law
b. Charles Law
c. Gay-Lussacs Law
d. Avogrados Law
______ states that in the addition of
polar reagents to alkenes, the positive
portion of the reagents adds to the
carbon atom in the double bond that
already has the most hydrogen atoms.
a. Markovnikous rule
b. Le Chateliers principle
c. Lock-and-key theory
d. Pauli Exclusion Theory
_______ are atoms that have
completely filled ns and np subshells,
giving them great stability.
a. Alkali Metals
b. Noble Gases
c. Halogens
d. alkaline earth metals

b. de Broglies hypothesis
c. Aufbau principle
d. Raoults Law

A hole is to be punched out of plate


having a shearing strength of 40 ksi.
The compressive stress in the punch is
limited to 50 ksi. Compute the
maximum thickness of plate from
which a hole 2.5 inches in diameter
can be punched.
a. 0.500 in
b. 0.781 in
c. 0.102 in
d. 0.204 in
t = 2.5(50) / 4(40) = 0.781 inches

A hole is to be punched out of plate


having a shearing strength of 40 ksi.
The compressive stress in the punch is
limited to 50 ksi. If the plate is 0.25
inches thick, determine the diameter
of the smallest hole that can be
punched
a.

_______ states that the partial pressure


of a solvent over a solution is given by
the vapor pressure of the pure solvent
times the mole fraction of the solvent
in the solution.
a. Daltons law of partial pressure

0.800 in

c. 0.435 in

b. 0.871 in
d. 0.600 in

D = 4(0.25)(40) / 50 = 0.800 inches

a. 19.87 rad/s
b. 159 rad/s
c. 138.2 rad/s
d. 628 rad/s

A large pipe, called a penstock in


hydraulic work, is 1.5 m in diameter. It
is composed of wooden staves bound
together by steel hoops, each 300 sq.
Millimetre in cross-sectional area, and
is used to conduct water from a
reservoir to power a house. If the
maximum tensile stress permitted in
the hoops is 130 MPa, what is the
maximum spacing between hoops
under a head of water of 30 m?

= (1/0.22)(150x10^6 / 7850)^(1/2)
= 628 rad/s

A pipe carry steam at 3.5 MPa has an


outside diameter of 450 mm and a
wall thickness of 10 mm. A gasket is
inserted between the flange at one
end of the pipe and a flat plate use to
cap the end. How many 40-mmdiameter bolts must be used to hold
the cap on if the allowable stress in
the bolts is 80 MPa, of which 55 MPa is
the initial stress?

a. 17.7mm
b. 77.1 mm
c. 177 mm

a. 14
d. 17

b. 15

c. 16

d. 71.7 mm

(1000)(9.81)(30)(1.5)L = 2(300x10^6)(130x10^6)

N = (3.5x10^6)(0.45 2x0.01)^2 /
[(0.04^2)(8855)x10^6] = 16.18
round up
N = 17

L = 177 mm

At what angular velocity will the stress


in a rotating steel ring equal to 150
MPa if its mean radius is 220 mm? The
density of the steel is 7.85 Mg/m^3.

A pipe carry steam at 3.5 MPa has an


outside diameter of 450 mm and a
wall thickness of 10 mm. A gasket is
inserted between the flange at one
end of the pipe and a flat plate use to
cap the end. What circumferential
stress is developed in the pipe?

a. 75.3 MPa

b. 37.65 MPa

c. 78.75 MPa

d. 39.38 MPa

= (3.5)(450 2x10) / [2(10)] = 75.3


MPa

A steel rod having a cross-sectional


area of 300 sq. Meters and a length of
150 m is suspended vertically from
one end. It supports a tensile load of
20 kN at the lower end. If the unit
mass of steel is 7850 kg/m^3 and E =
200x10^3 MN/m^2, find the total
elongation of the rod.

a.
It is the maximum safe stress that a
material can carry

a. working stress b. Ultimate


stress
c. rupture strength

54.3 mm
c. 43.3 mm

b. 40 mm
d. 35 mm

= [(7850)(9.8)(150^2) /
2(200X10^9)] + [(20000)(150)
(1000^2) / 300(200X10^9)]
= 54.3 mm

d. Yield strength

It is the point at which there is an


appreciable elongation of the material
without any corresponding increase of
load

What is the theoretical maximum


value of Poissons ratio of any given
material subjected to a uniform triaxial
stress.

a. Elastic limit
c.Ultimate stress
rupture

a. 0
d.

b. Yield point
d. Point of

This component measures the pulling


(or pushing) action perpendicular to
the section

a. Torque

b. 1

c. 1/3

A solid steel shaft 5 m long is stressed


to 80 MPa when twisted through 4
degrees. Using G = 83 GPa, compute
the shaft diameter.

b. Bending moment

c. Axial forces
force

d. Shearing

a. 104 mm

b. 138 mm

c. 148 mm

d. 160 mm

r = (80)(5) / [(4)(/180)(83000)] = 69
mm

d = 114 mm

= 16(12000) / [(.114)^3]
= 41.3 MPa

d = 2(69) = 138 mm

A steel bar 50 mm in diameter and 2


m long is surrounded by a shell of cast
iron 5 mm thick. Compute the load
that will compress the combined bar a
total of 0.8 mm in the length of 2m.
For steel E = 200 GPa, and for cast
iron E = 100 GPa
a. 291 kN
c. 192 kN

b. 240 kN

What is the minimum diameter of a


solid steel shaft that will not twist
through more than 3 degrees in a 6 m
length when subjected to a torque of
12 kN.m? Use G=83GPa.

a.

114 mm

c. 118 mm

b. 116 mm
d. 120 mm

d. 420 kN

P = [(/4)(0.05^2)(200x10^9)
(0.0008)/2] +

(/4)d^4 = (12000)(6) / [(3)(/180)


(83x10^9)]

[(/4)(0.06^2 -0.05^2)
(100x10^9)(0.0008)/2]

d = 114 mm

P = 192 kN

A solid steel shaft is not to twist


through more than 3 degrees in a 6 m
length when subjected to a torque of
12 kN.m. What maximum shearing
stress is developed? Use G=83GPa.

a.

41.3 MPa

c. 34.3 MPa

b. 43.4 MPa
d. 17.6 MPa

(/4)d^4 = (12000)(6) / [(3)(/180)


(83x10^9)]

A steel rod 2.5 m long is secured


between two walls. If the load on the
rod is zero at 20 degree Celsius,
compute the stress when the
temperature drops to -20 degrees
Celsius. The cross-sectional are if the
rod is 1200 sq. mm, coefficient of
linear expansion = 11.7 um/(m-deg.C),
and E = 200 GPa. Assume that the
walls are rigid.

a. 69.3 MPa

b. 96.3 MPa

c. 93.6 MPa

d. 69.3 Mpa

= 64(2000)(0.08^3)(20) /
[(83x10^9)(0.02^4)]
= (200x10^9)(11.7x10^-6)(20 - -20)
= 93.6x10^6 Pa
= 93.6 MPa

Determine the maximum shearing


stress in a helical steel spring
composed of 20 turns of 20 mmdiamter wire on a mean radius of 80
mm when tha spring is supporting a
load of 2 kN. Use G = 83 Gpa.

a. 110.6 MPa
c. 120.6 MPa
Mpa
m = 80/10 = 8

= 98.7 mm

These are components of the total


resistance to sliding the portion to one
side of the exploratory section past
the other.

a. Torque

b. Bending moment

c. Axial forces
forces

d. Shear

b. 112.3 MPa
d. 134.6
Who first postulated that stress is
proportional to strain in 1678?

= [16(2000)(0.08) /
(0.02)^3]x{[4(8)-1]/[4(8)-4] +
(0.615/8)}

a. Thomas Young
Hooke

= 120.6 Mpa

c. Andrew Pytel

Determine the elongation in a helical


steel spring composed of 20 turns of
20 mm-diamter wire on a mean radius
of 80 mm when tha spring is
supporting a load of 2 kN. Use G = 83
GPa.

a. 87.9 mm
c. 98.7 mm

b. 78.9 mm
d. 89.7 mm

b. Robert

d. Charles Augustus

The position x of an experimental


rocket moving along a long rail is
measured to be x(t) = (4m/s)t +
(7m/s2)t2 + (5m/s3)t3 (0.35m/s4)t4
over the first 10s of its motion, where t
is in seconds and x is in meters. Find

the velocity of the rocket for the first


10 seconds.

a. 43 m/s
244m/s

b. 224 m/s
d. 2240 m/s

W = m g Dy where W = work, m
= mass = pV, Dy = distance, V =
volume, p= mass density,

c.
The power is given by:
P = work /time,

v = dx/dt = (4m/s) + (14m/s2)t +


(15m/s3)t2 (1.4m/s4)t3
Substituting t = 10 s, gives
v = 244 m/s

Early in the nineteenth century, James


Watt invented the steam engine. In
order to convince people, who relied
heavily on horses for mechanical
work, he demonstrated how useful his
steam engine was by utilizing a horse
that lifted water from a well over a
certain period of time and called the
corresponding power expended one
horsepower. Assume that water has a
mass density of 1.0 x 103 kg/m3, that
the well was 20m deep, and that the
horse worked for 8 hours. How many
liters of water did the horse raise from
the well? Use the following constants:
1 hp = 746 Watts, g = 9.8 m/s2.

Vg y
t

Substituting all values, we get for V


V=

746 W 8 hx 3600 s/h


=1. 1x102 m3
3
3
2
1x10 kg/ m 9 . 8m/s 20 m

Since 1 m3 = 103 L, then V = 1.1 x


105L.

As provided in RA7925, a VAS


provider needs to secure a
franchise if
a. it is offered by a
telecommunications entity whose
proceeds of utility operations are
not cross-subsidized.
b. it does not discriminate other
service providers against rates.
c. it is offered by a
telecommunications entity that
uses a separate book of accounts
for VAS.
d. it puts up its own network.

The work done of the tension in lifting


a mass of water is given by:

According to the code of ethics, if


you are employed in a company
and you wish to engage in a
business which may compete with
your company, the most ethical
thing to do is to
a. inform your employer about it

Suppose that you make 12 equal


annual deposits of P2,000 each into a
bank account paying 8% interest per
year. The first deposit will be made
one year from today. How much
money can be withdrawn from this
bank account immediately after the
12th deposit?

b. have somebody run the


business instead of you
c. try to find new clients

a. P35,492
c.
37,954

d. keep your prices lower than


your companys

b. P36,218
d. P38,755

(1 i ) n 1

F A
i

= P2000(F/A,8%,12) P37,954.25

An investor has an option to purchase


a tract of land that will be worth
P20,000 in seven years. If the value of
the land increases at 9% each year,
how much should the investor be
willing to pay now for this property?

a. P9,341

b. P10,941

c. P11,521

What is the effective rate of interest if


P1000 is invested at a nominal rate of
15% compounded quarterly?

d. P12,015
n

1
P F

= F(P/F, i%, n)

a.

15.86%

b. 16.86%

c.

17.86%

d. 18.86%

P = P20,000(P/F,9%,7) = P10,940.68

0.15

ieff 1

1 15.86%

A man purchased a house for


P425,000. In the first month that he
owned the house, he spent P75,000 on
repairs and remodeling. Immediately
after the house was remodeled, he
was offered P545,000 to sell the
house. After some consideration, he
decided to keep the house and have it
rented for P4,500 per month starting
two months after the purchase. He
collected rent for 15 months and then
sold the house for P600,000. if the
interest rate was 1.5% per month, how
much extra money did he make or
lose by not selling the house
immediately after it was remodeled?

a. P3,000

P11,500

a. P1,700
c.

P3,700

b. P2,700
d. P4,700

P30,000 A(1 P / A,8%,12 1)


A P3,685.96

d. P6,000

On the day his grandson was born, a


man deposited to a trust company a
sufficient amount of money so that the
boy could receive five annual
payments of P20,000 each for his
college tuition fees, starting with his
18th birthday. Interest at the rate of
12$ per annum was to be paid on all
amounts on deposit. There was also a
provision that the grandson could
elect to withdraw no annual payments
and receive a single lump amount on
his 25th birthday. The grandson chose
this option. How much did the
grandfather deposit?

c.

A man bought an equipment costing


P30,000 payable in 12 quarterly
payments, each installment payable at
the beginning of each period. The rate
of interest is 24% compounded
quarterly. What is the amount of each
payment

b.P4,000

c. P5,000

a. P9,500

P P 20,000( P / A,12%,5)( P / F ,12%,17)


= P10,500

b.

P10,500
d. P12,500

A telecommunication company
purchased an equipment for P53,000
and paid P1,500 for freight and
delivery charges to the job site. The
equipment has a normal life of 10
years with a trade-in value of P5,000
against the purchase of a new
equipment at the end of the life.
Determine the annual depreciation
cost by the sinking fund method.
Assume interest at 6.5% compounded
annually.

a. P2,543
c. P4,215

b. P3.,668
d. P5,956

CO P53,000 P1,500 P54,500


C L P5,000
d

P54,500 P5,000
P3,668
F / A,6.5%,10

A telecommunication company
purchased an equipment for P53,000
and paid P1,500 for freight and
delivery charges to the job site. The
equipment has a normal life of 10
years with a trade-in value of P5,000
against the purchase of a new
equipment at the end of the life.
Determine the annual depreciation
cost by the sinking fund method.
Assume interest at 6.5% compounded
annually.

a. P2,543
c. P4,215

b. P59,425

c. P65,536

d. P70,923

C5 P 200,00(1 102 )5 P65,536


It occurs when a cutting action is
applied as you would see with
scissors, tin snips, or punches.

a.Direct shear
Torsional shear

c.

b.Bending stress
Torsional stress

d.

b. P3.,668
d. P5,956

CO P53,000 P1,500 P54,500


C L P5,000
d

a. P43,648

P54,500 P5,000
P3,668
F / A,6.5%,10

It occurs when a member carries a


load perpendicular to its long axis
while being supported in a stable
manner.
a.Direct shear
shear

c. Torsional

b.Bending stress
Torsional stress.

A plant bought a machine for


P200,000 and used it for 10 years, the
life span of the equipment. What is the
book value of the machine after 5
years of use? Assume a scrap value of
P20,000. Use double declining balance
method.

d.

It is the internal resistance offered by


a unit area of the material from which
a member from which a member is
made to an externally applied load.
a. stress
c.

moment

b.

strain
d. torque

A certain support stand design to carry


downward loads. Compute the stress
in the square shaft at the upper part of
the stand for a load of 27,000 lb. The
line of action of the applied of the
applied load is centered on the axis on
the shaft, and the load is applied
through a thick plate that distributes
the force to the entire cross section of
the stand.

a.

10,000psi

c.

12,000psi

It is the value of stress on the stressstrain curve at which there is a


significant increase in strain with little
or no increase in stress.

ci. Proportional limit


cii.
Elastic limit
ciii.
Yield point
civ.
Tensile point
It is the highest value of apparent
stress on the stress-strain curve

b. 11,000psi

27,000lb

d. 13,000psi

lb

proportional

12is
,000
12,of
000 psi
The
limit
the value
A
2.25in 2
in 2
stress on the stress-strain diagram
curve at which the curve first deviates
from a straight line.

ci. Proportional limit


cii. Elastic limit
ciii.
Yield point
civ.
Tensile point
It is a measure of the stiffness of a
material determined by the slope of
the straight-line portion of the stressstrain curve

ci. Proportional limit


cii. Elastic limit
ciii.
Yield point
civ.
Tensile point
It is the value of stress on the stressstrain curve at which the material has
deformed plastically; that is, it will no
longer return to its original size and
shape after removing the load.

ci. Proportional limit


cii.
Elastic limit
ciii.
Yield point
civ.
Tensile point

a.
b.
c.
d.

Modulus of elasticity
Modulus of rigidity
Strain
Stress

A ductile material is one that can be


stretched, formed, or drawn to a
significant degree before fracture. A
metal that exhibits a percent
elongation greater than ____ % is
considered to be ductile.

a.

c. 4

b. 3
d. 5

A brittle material is one that fails


suddenly under load with little or no
plastic deformation. A metal that
exhibits a percent elongation ____
5.0% is considered to be brittle.

It is the indication of the resistance of


a material to indentation by a
penetrator.

a. Ductility
c.

Hardness

b.

Brittleness
d.

Toughness

a. equal
It is a measure of pulling and pushing
force.

b. Greater than
c. Less than
d. It depends on the room temperature

The ratio of shearing stress to


shearing strain is called:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Modulus of elasticity
Modulus of rigidity
Modulus of elongation
Modulus of stressibility

It is the ability of a material to


absorbed applied energy without
failure

a. Ductility
c.

Hardness

b.

Brittleness
d.

Toughness

a. Axial force
b. Shear force
c. Torque
d. Bending moments
It is the measure of the total
resistance to sliding.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Axial force
Shear force
Torque
Bending moments

It is the measure of the resistance to


twisting.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Axial force
Shear force
Torque
Bending moments

A common bar suspended from certain


support has axial load of 10kN. If the
bar has a cross section of 20mm2, find
the stress experience by the bar.

a. 350MPa
c.

b. 420MPa

485MPa

d.

500MPa

A cylinder pressure vessel is fabricated


from plates which have a thickness of
20mm. The diameter of the pressure
vessel is 450 mm and its length is
3.5m. Determine the maximum
internal pressure which can be applied
if the stress in the steel is limited to
150MPa.

a. 15.33MPa
c. 17.53MPa

t=

b. 16.67MPa
d. 18.83MPa

D
2t

450 mm
2 25 mm
=16 . 67 MPa

150 MPa=
Assume that a 25-mm diameter rivet
joins the plates that are each 125 mm
wide. The allowable stresses are 130
MPa for bearing in the plate material
and 65 MPa for shearing of the rivet.
Determine the minimum thickness of
each plate.
a. 10MPa
c.

b. 20MPa

30MPa

V
d2

65M

V
2

4 ( 25mm)

V P 31.91kN

d.

40MPa
P
b
dt
P
t
d b
31.91kPa
( 25mm)130 M
t 9.82mm
t

P
A

31.91kNkN
[125mm 8mm 25mm 8mm]
39.89 MPa

The wall thickness of a 3ft-diameter


spherical tank is 4/17 in. Calculate the
allowable internal pressure if the
stress is limited to 9000 psi.

a. 155.47psi
c.

176.47psi

pD
4t

p ( 4 12in)
4( 4 / 17in)
p 176.47 psi

9000

b. 169.25psi
d.

188.73psi

A steel bar 40mm in diameter and 3m


long is surrounded by a shell of cast
iron 6mm thick. Compute the load that
will compress the combined bar a total
of 0.95 mm in the length of 2m. For
steel E=300GPa, and for cast iron,
E=150GPa

a. 151kN
c.

171kN

b.

161kN
d.

181KN

A steel rod 3.5m long is secured


between two walls. If the load on the
rod is zero at 30C, compute the stress
when the temperature drops to -30C.
The cross sectional area of the rod is
1200mm2, =11.7um/(mC), and
E=200GPa.

a. 110MPa
c.

130MPa

c. Conduction
Convection
ci. Radiation
Absorption

c.
d.

It indicates that the rate of heat


conduction in a direction is
proportional to the temperature
gradient in that direction

cv.Fouriers Law of Heat


Conduction
cvi.
Fouriers Law of Heat
Convection
cvii.
Fouriers Law of Heat
Radiation
cviii.
Fouriers Law of Heat
Absorption
Which of the following is considered
the best conductor of heat?

b. 120MPa
d.

140MPa

=LT
PL
=
AE
PL
LT =
AE

E
TE (11.7 )(30 30)(200G )
140.4 MPa
T

It is the transfer of energy from the


more energetic particles of substance
to the adjacent less energetic ones as
a result of interactions between the
particles.

cv.Gold
cvi.

b. Copper
c. Silver
d. Diamond

It is the mode of energy transfer


between a solid surface and the
adjacent liquid or gas that is in
motion, and it involves the combined
effect conduction and fluid motion.

cv.Conduction
Convection
cvi.
Radiation
Absorption

must exchange heat with the


environment as well as the furnace.

c.
d.

a.
b.
c.
d.

It is the energy emitted by the matter


in the form of electromagnetic waves
as a result of the changes in the
electronic configurations of the atom
or molecules.

cv. Conduction
Convection
cvi.
Radiation
d. Absorption

e.
f.
g.
h.

In second law of thermodynamic,


which of the following state that no
device can transfer heat from cooler
body to a warmer one without leaving
an effect on the surroundings.

e.
f.
g.
h.

c.

It states that energy can neither be


destroyed nor created; it can only
change forms.

Kelvin Plank Statement


Clausius-Plank Statement
Clausius Statement
Kelvin Statemen

Kelvin Plank Statement


Clausius-Plank Statement
Clausius Statement
Kelvin Statement

It is defined as the amount of light


output in lumens per W of electricity
consumed.

e. Light intensity
efficacy
f. Light efficiency
luminosity

First law of thermodynamics


Second law of thermodynamics
Third law of thermodynamics
Zeroth law of thermodynamics

c. Light
d. Light

Carnot cycle is composed of how many


reversible processes?
In second law of thermodynamic,
which of the following state that no
heat engine can have a thermal
efficiency of 100% or as far as power
plant to operate, the working fluid

a.

b.

c.

d. 4

Which of the following processes are


involved in carnot cycle?

e.
f.
g.
h.

Two isothermal ; two isobaric


One isothermal; three adiabatic
Three isobaric; one adiabatic
Two adiabatic ; two
isothermal

State that the thermal efficiencies of


all reversible heat engines operating
between the same two reservoirs are
the same, and that no heat engine is
more efficient than a reversible one
operating between the same two
reservoirs.

e.
f.
g.
h.

Throttle principle
Otto principle
Carnot principle
Kelvin principle

A carnot heat engine receives 500KJ of


heat per cycle from a hightemperature source at 600 C and
rejects heat a low temperature sink at
40C. Determine the thermal
efficiency of this Carnot engine.

a. 93.33%
c. 35.85%

b. 6.67%
d. 64.15%

TL
(40 273) K
1
0.6415(64.15%)
TH
(600 273) K

A piston cylinder device contains a


liquid-vapor mixture of water at 400K.
During a constant pressure process,
700 KJ of heat is transferred to the
water. As a result, part of the liquid in
the cylinder vaporizes. Determine the
entropy change of the water during
this process.

a. 1.75kJ/K
c. 7000kJ

b.
280kJ-K
d. 0.57K/kJ

Q 700kJ
kJ

1.75
T
400 K
K

Which of the following equation of


state has two constants?
ci. Vander Waals Equation
cii. Beattie-Bridgeman Equation
ciii.
Benedict-Webb-Rubin
Equation
civ.
Strobridge Equation

How many constant are there in


Strobridge Equation of State?

a.13

b. 14

c. 15

d. 16

Which of the following equation of


state has eight constant?

ci. Vander Waals Equation


cii. Beattie-Bridgeman Equation
ciii.
Benedict-Webb-Rubin
Equation
civ.
Strobridge Equation

Consider a person standing in a breezy


room at 22C. Determine the total rate
of heat transfer from this person if the
exposed surface area and the average
outer surface temperature of the
person are 1.2 m2 and 33C,
respectively, and the convection heat
transfer coefficient is 6 W/m2.=0.95
and =5.67x10-8 W/m4-K4

a. 120.5J/s b. 135.7J/s
b. c. 143.2J/s
d. 151.9J/s

0.2 m3 in such a way that the


temperature inside the cylinder
remains constant. Determine the work
done during this process.

a. -122kJ b. -123kJ
b. c. -124kJ d. -125kJ

W (110 kPa)(0.8m 3 ) ln(

It is the energy possesses by the


system as a result of its elevation with
respect to the gravitational
acceleration of the earth.

a. Potential
c. Momentum

b.Kinetic
d.Impulse

It states that if two bodies are in


thermal equilibrium with a third body,
they are also in thermal equilibrium
with each other.

a.
b.
c.
d.

A piston cylinder device initially


contains 0.8 m3 of air at 110kPa and
80C. The air is now compressed to

0.2
1kJ
)(
) 122kJ
0.8 1kPa m 3

First law of thermodynamics


Second law of thermodynamics
Third law of thermodynamics
Zeroth law of
thermodynamics

Determine the mass of the air in a


room whose dimensions are (5x6x7)
cm at 105 kPa and 27C.

R ' gas constant


R' air 0.287 m3 kPa
/ kg K

The food compartment of a


refrigerator is maintained at 4C by
removing heat from it at a rate of 300
KJ/min. If the required power input to
the refrigerator is 3KW, determine the
coefficient of performance of the
refrigerator.

105kPa(5 x6 x7m 3 )
PV
m

256.1g
R ' T 0.287 m 3 kPa
(
27

273
K
)
/ kg K
a. 1.67
b. c. 3.67
COP

Heat is transferred to a heat engine


from a furnace at a rate of 92MW. If
the rate of waste heat rejection to a
nearby river is 45MW, determine the
net power output and the thermal
efficiency for this heat engine.

b. 2.33
d. 4. 12

300kJ / min
1kW
(
) 1.67
3kW
60kJ / min

A 50 kg iron block at 80C is dropped


into an insulated tank that contains
0.5 m3 of liquid water at 25C.
Determine the temperature when
thermal equilibrium reached. The
specific heat of iron is 0.45kJ/kg-C
and for water is 4.18kJ/kg-C.

a. 48.91%
b. 51.09%
b. c. 32.84%
d. 67.15%
a. 20. 7C
b. 25.6C
b. c. 30.1C
d. 35.6C

Q H 92 MJs
Q L 45 MJs

QL
45
1 0.5109 (51.09%)
QH
92

A rigid tank contains a hot fluid that is


cooled while being stirred by a paddle
wheel. Initially, the internal energy of
the fluid is 850kJ. During the cooling
process, the fluid loses 550kJ of heat,
and the paddle wheel does 200kJ of
work on the fluid. Determine the final
energy of the fluid. Neglect the energy
stored in the paddle wheel.

a. 500kJ
b. 550 kJ
b. c. 600kJ
d. 650 kJ

If 80 g of iron shot at 100C is dropped


into 200 g of water at 20C contained
in an iron vessel of mass 50 g, find the
resulting temperature.

a. 20.1C
c. 22. 3C

b. 21.8C
d. 24.6C

80(0.12)(T2 100) 200(1)(T2 20) 50(0.12)(T2 20)


T2 24.6C

Q U W
200kJ (U 2 850kJ ) 550kJ
U 2 500kJ

Three moles of an ideal gas are


compressed slowly and isothermally
from a volume of 5 to 1.5 ft3, at a
temperature of 320K. How much work
is done?
a. -8.12kJ
c. -10.44kJ

When a 2lb of brass at 212F is


dropped into 5lb of water at 35F, the
resulting temperature is 41.2F. Find
the specific heat of brass in Btu/lb-F.

b. -9.61kJ
d. -11.59kJ

A 4-in wall of fire brick, k=9 Btu/(ft2-hrF/in), has one surface at 300F, the
other at 90F. Find the heat conducted
through the area of 2ft2 in 1 day.

a. 1.120
c. 0.321

b. 0.091
d. 1.233

Qlost Qgain

a. 22, 680Btu
b. 19, 650Btu
c. 15,510Btu
d. 10,730Btu

Qbrass Qwater
2lb(C )( 212 F 41.2 F ) 5lb(1
C 0.091

Q kAt

T
Btu
300 90 F
2
(9 2
)(
2
ft
)(
24

hr
)
in
L
4
ft hr inF

= 22,680 Btu

Btu
lb F

Btu
)( 41.2 F 35 F )
lb F

How much heat is necessary to raise


the temperature of 0.80 kg of ethyl
alcohol from 15C of its boiling point
78.3C?

a.10kcal

b. 20kcal

c. 30kcal

A steel shaft 3ft long that has a


diameter of 5in is subjected to a
torque of 14kip-ft. Determine the
maximum shearing stress. G=12x106
psi.

d. 40kcal
a. 0.47
0.68

Q mct
Q 0.8kg (0.6

b.
d.

0.53
0.71

c.

cal
)(78.3 15)C
g C

Q 30kcal

TL 14 k 12 3x12 180
=
x
=0. 47
JG
5 4

6
12 x 10
32

How many zeroes in the measurement


0.00020040 are significant?
a.
The weight-density of air at 32F and
29.92 in Hg pressure is 0.081 lb/ft3.
What is its weight-density, in lb/ft3, at
an altitude where the pressure is
13.73 in Hg and the temperature is
-40F?

a. 0.044
d. 0.77

PV

mT

P
T

b. 0.055

PV

mT

c. 0.066

P

T

29.92

0.081x 273K
lb
2 0.044 3
ft

six

b. four
d. Seven

Which of the following describes a


chemical change?

a. Water boiling to form steam


b. Sugar dissolving in a cup of
coffee
c. Hamburger grease
solidifying on a plate
d. Tarnishing silver

c.

three

A homogenous mixture can be


separated by all of the following
methods except

13.73

x 233K

a. Filtration
b. Chromatography

c. Crystallization
d. Distillation

The amount of energy needed to


change a given mass of ice to water at
constant temperature is called the
heat of
a.
b.
c.
d.

Which of the following is not a pure


substance?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Hydrogen
Oxygen
Water
Milk

A laboratory experiment was


performed to determine the percent
by mass of water in a hydrate. The
accepted value is 36.0% water whose
observed value has an error of 5.00%.
Find the percent by mass of water.

Fusion
Formation
Condensation
Crystallization

Which of the following is a binary


compound?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Hydrochloric acid
Oxygen
Citric acid
Sodium chlorate

An example of a ternary compound is


a.
b.
c.
d.

a. 31.0% water

Potassium chlorate
Ammonia
Silver chloride
Sodium bromide

b. 36.0% water
c. 37.8% water
d. 41.0% water

36% * 1.05 =37.8%


Which of the following phase changes
represent sublimation?
a. Solid
b. Gas
c. Solid
d. Gas

gas
solid

What is the charge of a hydrogen


atom?

a.

b.

c.

d.

The impossibility of knowing both the


precise location and velocity of
subatomic particle at the same time is
known as the

liquid
liquid

A . Diffraction principle b. Probability


principle
c. Limiting principl d. Uncertainty
principle

An atom which has the greatest ability


to attract electron is
a.
b.
c.
d.
From the

Oxygen
Nitrogen
Sulfur
Bromine
reaction,

What pressure must be applied to


225mL of gas at 1atm to reduce its
volume to 100mL?

a. 0.44atm
b. 2.25atm
c. 22500atm
d. 1710atm

How many molecules of

can be

formed using 2 molecules of NO?

P1V1=P2V2
How many moles of

a. 1
b. c. 3

b. 2
d. 4

If the volume of the mole of gas


molecules remains constant, lowering
the temperature will make the
pressure

44.8L of

are present in

at STP?

a. 1.2moles
b. 1.4moles
c. 2.0moles
d. 2.8moles

a.
b.
c.
d.

Increase
Decrease
Increase then decrease
Decrease then increase

Whenever you have equal volumes of


gases at the same temperature and
pressure, the volume must

a. Contain equal number of


particles
b. Contain 2.4 milliliters of STP
c. Contain one mole of any gas at
STP
d. Contain the Avogadros number

The properties of solution include all of


the following except that

a. It is homogeneous mixture if
it has been well stirred
b. Dissolved particles will
settle out upon stirring
c. It is clear and transparent
with particles too small to be
seen
d. Dissolved particles will pass
through a piece of filter
paper

1. Suppose

that energy Q is
required to accelerate a car
from rest to v, neglecting
friction. How much added
energy would be required to
increase the speed from v to
2v?
a. Q b.2Q c. 3Q d.4Q

Using the energy


W=KE2 KE1

equation

c. 60o

According to law of reflection,


hence if

a. 0.475 MV/m

b. 0.336MV/m

c. 0.225TV/m

d. 0.113TV/m

1.00J/1.00m3 = 1.00J/m3

For the velocity of light in this index


we have:

(a)
A spaceship moving away from Earth
with speed of 0.900c fires a robot
space probe in the same direction as
its motion, with speed of 0.700c
relative to the spaceship. What is the
probes velocity relative to the Earth?
a.0.900c
c. 0.700c

E=0.475 MV/m (a)


Material a is a water and material b is
a glass with index of refraction 1.52. If
the incident ray makes an angle of 60o
with the normal,
find the direction
of the reflected ray.
49.3o

b. 91.3o

(c)

a. 2.25 x 108 m/s


b. 3.25 x 108
m/s c. 3.00 x 108 m/s d. 1.25 x
108 m/s

W = 0.5m(2v)2 0.5mv2 -
condition 2

Suppose you want to store 1.00 J of


electric potential energy in a volume
of 1.00 m3 in vacuum. What is the
magnitude of the required electric
field?

then

The wavelength of the red light from a


helium-neon sensor is 633 nm in air
but 474 nm in the aqueous humor
inside our eyeballs. Calculate the
speed of light in this substance.

Q = 0.5mv2 0 - condition 1

W=2mv2 0.5mv2 = 3(0.5mv2) =


3Q

d. 34.7o

b. 0.345c
d. 0.982c

Using the equation of Lorentz velocity


transformation, we have

(d)

In optics, this effect refers to the


blurring of the image produced on a
concave mirror due to the
convergence of rays far from the
mirror to other points on the principal
axis. What do you call this effect?
a.
b.
c.
d.

spherical aberration
b. focal divergence
c. parallax error
d. Snells effect

In fluid mechanics, this shows that the


pressure of a fluid decreases as the
speed of the fluid increases. In
addition, the pressure of a fluid
decreases as the elevation increases.
a.Clairuts equation
b. Bernoullis equation
c. Maxwells equation
d. Hyrdofluid equation
In electrodynamics, what term refers
to the average speed of the charge
carriers?
a. drag velocity
b. b. molecular-kinetic speed
c. c. drift speed
d. d. charge velocity
In electromagnetics and wave theory,
what refers to waves, commonly
generated by electronic devices,
whose wavelengths ranges from
approximately 0.3m to 10-4 m. Due to
their short wavelengths these are
often used in radar systems and for
studying the atomic and molecular
properties of matter.
a. Radio waves
b. Microwaves
c. AM waves
d. Radar waves

The property of a substance which


remains constant if no heat enters or
leaves the system, while it does work
or alters its volume, but which
increases or diminishes should a small
amount of heat enter or leave.
a. internal energy
c. entropy

b. system
d. enthalpy

The quantity of heat required to


change the temperature of unit mass
through one degree.
a.Temperature
Heat
Equilibrium

b. Specific
c. Thermal
d. Calorie

If the temperature of a given quantity


of gas is held constant, the volume of
the gas varies inversely with the
absolute pressure during a change of
state
a.General Gas Laws
Joules Law
d. Boyles Law

b.
c. Charles Law

An internally reversible process of a


substance during which the pressure
remains constant.
a.isometric
c.adiabatic

b.isothermal
d.isobaric

The energy stored in a substance by


virtue of the activity and configuration
of its molecules and of the vibration of
the atoms within the molecules.
a.Internal Energy
c. Enthalpy

b .Heat
d.Entropy

a.49.25 N,4925 J
b.52.05
N,5205 J
c.48.75 N,4875 J
d.47.85 N,4785 J
When two bodies, isolated from other
environment, are in thermal
equilibrium with a third body, the two
are in thermal equilibrium with each
other is a statement of..
a.1st Law of Thermodynamics
c.2nd Law of Thermodynamic
b. Zeroth Law
d. Maxwells Theory of Thermal
Equilbrium
Not all energy received as heat by a
heat-engine cycle can be converted
into mechanical work, some are also
rejected is a statement of.
a.1st Law of Thermodynamic s
b.Zeroth Law
c.2nd Law of Thermodynamics
d.Law of Conservation of Energy
The combined mass of car and
passengers travelling at 72 km/hr is
1500kg. Find the kinetic energy of this
combined mass.
a.300kJ
c.305kJ

b.330kJ
d. 310kJ

K=mv2
= (1500kg)(72km/hr)2
(1000m/km)2
2k
(2)(1kg-m/N-sec2 )(3000
2
sec/hr)
= 300,000 J or 300 kJ
A mass of 5kg is 100m above a given
datum where local g=9.75 m/sec2.
Find the gravitational force in newtons
and the potential energy of the mass
w/ respect to the datum.

P = mg z
(100m
k
sec2)

= (5kg)(9.75m/sec2)
= 4875 J
(1kg-m/N-

Fg = mg
48.75 N
k

= 5(9.75)

A pressure gage register 50 psig in a


region where the barometer is 14.25
psia. Find the absolute pressure in Pa.
a.453 kPa
c.435 kPa

b.434 kPa
d.443 kPa

P = Patm + Pg = 14.25 + 50 = 64.25


psia
P = (64.25psia)(6894.8Pa/psi) = 443
kPa
During an isentropic process of 1.36
kg/sec of air, the temperature
increases from 4.44 C to 115.6C. if
Cp=1.0062kNm
kgK
for a non-flow process, what is H?
a.152.2 kg/s
c.152.2 kJ/s

b.152.2 J/s
d.152.2 Btu/s

H = mCpT =
1.36kg/s(1.0062kNm/kgK)(388.75277.59K) = 152. kJ/s

This Law States that The quantity of


the substance entering the system is
equal to the substance leaving the
system
a.1st Law of Thermodynamics
b.Law of Conservation of Mass
c.Newtons 2nd Law of Motion
d.Law of Conservation of Energy
if the pressure of a given quantity of
gas is held constant, the volume of the
gas varies directly with the absolute
temperature

A mammography service examined


327 patients during the third calendar
quarter of 1996. 719 films were
exposed during this period, eight of
which were repeats. What is the
repeat rate?
a. 45.5%
d. 54.52%

b. code 2.45%

c. 1.1%

a. General Gas Law


b.
Boyles Law
c. Charles
Law
d. Joules Law
The Acceleration of a particular body
is directly proportional to the resultant
force acting on it and inversely
proportional to its mass is a
statement of
a. Joules Law
b. 1st Law of Thermodynamics
c. Newtons 2nd Law of Motion
d. Boyles Law
Energy is neither created nor
destroyed, but is converted from one
form to another
a. 1st Law of Thermodynamics
b. Newtons 2nd Law of Motion
c. 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
d. Law of Conservation of Mass

A type of luminescence where the


visible light is emitted only during the
stimulation of the phosphor.
a. fluorescence b. phosphorescence
c. after glow
d. any of the above
If a heart measures 12.5 cm from side
to side at its widest point, and its
image on chest radiograph measures
14.7 cm, what is the magnification
factor
a. 0.85 b. 1.18

c. 0.15

d. 2.2

Radiation doses in the range of


approximately200 to 1000 rad
produce the
a. Gastrointestinal (GI) syndrome
b. Central Nervous System (CNS)
syndrome
c. Hematologic syndrome
d. Prodomal syndrome

Ratio of incident to transmitted


radiation through a grid ratio of
patient dose with and without grid
a. Bucky factor
b. Damadian
factor
c. Grid ratio
d. Roentgen equivalent
A radiographic single-phase unit
installed in a private office has a
maximum capacity of 100 milliseconds
of 120kVp and 500mA. What is the
power rating?

Analysis of persons irradiated


therapeutically with superficial x-rays
has shown that the skin erythema
dose required to affect 50% of persons
so irradiated is about
a. 200 rad
c. 600 rad

ECG recording requires a bandwidth of


0.05 to ____ Hz
a. 1000
40

a. 42 kW
d. 24kW

b. 60 kW

b. 400 rad
d. 800 rad

b. 540

c. 100

d.

c. 600W
Find the potential generated if blood
flowing in a vessel with radius 0.9 cm
cuts a magnetic field of 250 G.
Assume a volume flow rate of 175
cubic cm per second
a. 206 uV
c. 903 uV

b. 309 uV
d. 260 uV

Who completes the development of


first computed tomographic (CT)
scanner (EMI, Ltd.) in 1973?
a. Mistretta
b. Forssmann
c. Kuhl
d. Hounsfield
It is the study of the response of an
image receptor to x-rays
a. sensitometry
xeroradiography
c. xeroradiometry

b.
d. spectrometry

Ratio of radiographic contrast with a


grid to that without a grid
a. grid ratio
b. contrast improvement factor
c. Collidge factor
d. Bucky factor

Period during which heart contracts.


a. Diastole
c. block mode

b. Systole
d. Synapse

Apparatus for measuring blood


pressure
a. defibrillator
b.
electrocardiogram
c. plethysmograph
d.
sphygmomanometer
Given the energy level of 6.624x10^18 J imparted to an electron stream by

an X-ray device, calculate the


frequency in MHz.

c. spectrophotometer
chromatograph

a. 10^6 MHz
c. 10^10 MHz

Recording of heart sounds

b. 45.29 MHz
d. 300 MHz

d.

a. ultracardiography
cardioacoustics
c. electrocardiogram
d.phonocardiography

Recorder for measuring galvanic skin


resistance

10^10 MHz

It was first noted by Heinrich Hertz in


1887 and won Albert Einstein the
Nobel Prize in 1905. It refers to the
emission of electrons from a clean
metallic surface (phototube) when
electromagnetic radiation (light waves
or X-rays) falls onto that surface.
a. Photoelectric effect
Compton effect
c. Bremsstrahlung
effect

b.
d. Mie

Unit of radiation exposure or amount


of X-ray radiation that will produce
2.08x10^9 ion pairs per cubic
centimetre of air at standard
temperature and pressure (STP).
a. Curie
b. Roentgen
c. Radiation absorbed dose (rad)
Gray

d.

An optical electronic device that


measures the color concentration of a
substance in solution.
a. colorimeter
photometer

b.

b. flame

a. electrodermograph
b. electromyograph
c. electrocorporealograph
d.electrogalvanograph