Você está na página 1de 38

sec02toc.

fm Page 1 Friday, May 15, 2009 3:12 PM

Model C90GTi

SECTION 2
LIMTATIONS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SUBJECT

PAGE

Airspeed Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5


Airspeed Indicator Markings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Power Plant Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Number of Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Engine Manufacturer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Engine Model Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Power Levers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Engine Operating Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
External Power Limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Generator Limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Starter Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Fuel Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Approved Engine Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Commercial Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Military Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Emergency Engine Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Commercial Aviation Gasoline Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Limitations On The Use Of Aviation Gasoline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Approved Fuel Additives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Anti-Icing Additive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Fuel Biocide Additive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Fuel Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Usable Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Fuel Imbalance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Fuel Crossfeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Fuel Gages In The Yellow Arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Operating With Low Fuel Pressure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Boost Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Oil Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Approved Engine Oils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Number of Propellers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Propeller Manufacturer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Propeller Hub and Blade Model Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Propeller Diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
May, 2009

2-1

sec02toc.fm Page 2 Friday, May 15, 2009 3:12 PM

Model C90GTi

SECTION 2
LIMTATIONS
TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTD)
SUBJECT

PAGE

Propeller Blade Angles at 30-Inch Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12


Propeller Rotational Speed Limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Propeller Rotational Overspeed Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Propeller Autofeather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Power Plant Instrument Markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Miscellaneous Instrument Markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Quantity Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cabin Differential Pressure Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pneumatic Pressure Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propeller Deice Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gyro Suction Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-14
2-14
2-14
2-14
2-14
2-14

Weight Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14


Center of Gravity Limits (Landing Gear Extended) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aft Limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Forward Limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mean Aerodynamic Chord (MAC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-15
2-15
2-15
2-15
2-15

Maneuver Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15


Flight Load Factor Limits (10,100 Pounds / 4581 Kilograms) . . . . . . . . 2-15
Minimum Flight Crew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Maximum Operating Pressure-Altitude Limit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Maximum Outside Air Temperature Limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Cabin Pressurization and Structural Limitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Maximum Occupancy Limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Systems and Equipment List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Landing Gear Cycle Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Aft-Facing Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Ground Communications Electric Power Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Limitations When Encountering Severe Icing Conditions
(Required By FAA AD 98-04-24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Icing Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Approved Airplane Deicing/Anti-Icing Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
2-2

May, 2009

sec02toc.fm Page 3 Friday, May 22, 2009 4:42 PM

Model C90GTi

SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTD)
SUBJECT

PAGE

Avionics Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Autopilot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attitude Heading Reference System (AHRS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flight Management System (FMS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IFIS-5000 Integrated Flight Information System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Terrain Awareness and Warning System+ (TAWS+). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VNAV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weather Radar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-18
2-18
2-19
2-20
2-20
2-22
2-23
2-23
2-23
2-24

Cracked or Shattered Windshield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24


Crack In Any Side Window (Cockpit or Cabin) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Placards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Kinds of Operation Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Kinds of Operations Equipment List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33

May, 2009

2-3

sec02toc.fm Page 4 Friday, May 15, 2009 3:12 PM

Model C90GTi
Section 2 - Limitations

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

2-4

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 5 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

The limitations included in this section have been approved by the Federal Aviation Administration and they must be observed in the operation of the Model
C90GTi.

AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS
SPEED

KCAS

KIAS

Do not exceed this airspeed


in any operation.

Maximum Operating Speed


VMO
MMO

226
226
.46 Mach .46 Mach

Maneuvering Speed
VA

169

169

Maximum Flap Extension


Speed/Extended Speed
VFE
Approach
Down

182
140

184
148
Do not extend or retract the
landing gear above these
airspeeds.

182
164

182
163

Maximum Landing Gear


Extended Speed
VLE

Do not exceed this airspeed


with the landing gear
extended.
182

182

Air Minimum Control Speed


VMCA
Flaps Up
Flaps Approach

October, 2007

Do not make full or abrupt


control movements above this
airspeed.
Do not extend flaps or
operate with flaps extended
above these airspeeds.

Maximum Landing Gear


Operating Speed
VLO
Extension
Retraction

REMARKS

87
85

85
83

These are the lowest


airspeeds at which the
airplane is directionally
controllable when one engine
suddenly becomes
inoperative with the
autofeather armed, and the
other engine is at take-off
power.

2-5

sec02.fm Page 6 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

AIRSPEED INDICATOR MARKINGS*


DISPLAY
Red Line

KIAS VALUE
OR RANGE
85

Solid Red Bar


(at bottom of airspeed scale)
78
83
88

SIGNIFICANCE
Air Minimum Control Speed (VMCA).
ISS LSC* Marker. The top of the marker changes with
flap position to reflect the following stall speeds.
Stalling Speed (VSO) at maximum weight with flaps
down and idle power.
Stalling Speed (VS1) at maximum weight with flaps
approach and idle power.
Stalling speed (VS) at maximum weight with flaps up
and idle power.

DN (white)

148

Maximum speed permissible with flaps extended


beyond approach.

APP (white)

184

Maximum Speed permissible with flaps in approach


position.

Blue Line
Solid Red Bar (at top of
airspeed scale)

108
226 or value
equal to 0.46
Mach,
whichever is
lower

One-Engine-Inoperative Best Rate-of-Climb Speed.


VMO Marker. The bottom of the Marker represents the
Maximum Operating Speed.
These speeds may not be deliberately exceeded in
any flight regime.

* Impending Stall Speed Low Speed Cue

POWER PLANT LIMITATIONS


NUMBER OF ENGINES
2

ENGINE MANUFACTURER
Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. (Longueuil, Quebec, Canada)

ENGINE MODEL NUMBER


PT6A-135A

POWER LEVERS
Do not lift the power levers in flight. Lifting the power levers in flight, or moving the
power levers in flight below the flight idle position, could result in a nose-down
pitch and a descent rate leading to aircraft damage and injury to personnel.

2-6

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 7 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

ENGINE OPERATING LIMITS


The following limitations shall be observed. Each column presents limitations.
The limits presented do not necessarily occur simultaneously. Refer to Pratt &
Whitney Engine Maintenance Manual for specific actions required if limits are
exceeded.
OPERATING
CONDITION

SHP

TORQUE
FT-LBS
(1)

MAXIMUM
OBSERVED
ITTC

GAS
GENERATOR
RPM N1
RPM

PROP
RPM
N2

OIL
PRESS
PSI (2)

OIL
TEMP
C (3)

STARTING

1090
(4)

-40
(min)

LOW IDLE

685
(5)

1100
(min) (9)

40
(min)

-40 to 99

HIGH IDLE

72
(approx)

0 to 99

TAKEOFF AND
MAX CONT

550

1520
(13)

805

38,100

101.5

1900
(12)

85 to 105

10 to 99

CRUISE CLIMB
AND MAX
CRUISE

550

1520
(6) (13)

805

38,100

101.5

1900
(12)

85 to 105

0 to 99

MAX
REVERSE (7)

805

88

1825

85 to 105

0 to 99

TRANSIENT

1626
(10)

880
(4) (8)

38,500

102.6

2090

104
(11)

FOOTNOTES:
1. Maximum permissible sustained torque is 1520 ft-lbs. Propeller speeds
(N2) must be set so as not to exceed power limitation.
2. When gas generator speeds are above 72% N1 and oil temperatures are
between 60C and 70C, normal oil pressure is between 85 and 105 psi.
Oil pressures between 40 and 85 psi are undesirable; they should be tolerated only for the completion of the flight, and then only at a reduced power
setting. Oil pressures below 40 psi are unsafe; they require that either the
engine be shut down, or that a landing be made at the nearest suitable airport, using the minimum power required to sustain flight.
3. For increased service life of engine oil, an oil temperature of between 74
to 80C is recommended. A minimum oil temperature of 55C is recommended for fuel heater operation at take-off power.
4. These values are time-limited to two seconds.
5. High ITT at ground idle may be corrected by reducing accessory load and/
or increasing N1 rpm.
6. Cruise torque values vary with altitude and temperature.
7. Reverse power operation is limited to one minute.
October, 2007

2-7

sec02.fm Page 8 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

8. High generator loads at low N1 speeds may cause the ITT transient temperature limit to be exceeded. Observe generator load limits.
9. Stabilized propeller operation on the ground between 500 and 1100 rpm is
prohibited. Operation in this range can generate high propeller stresses,
which can cause propeller damage and result in propeller failure and loss
of control of the airplane. The propeller may be operated when feathered at
or below 500 rpm.
10. This value is time-limited to 20 seconds.
11. This value is time-limited to 10 minutes.
12. To account for power setting accuracy and steady state fluctuations, inadvertent propeller excursions up to 1938 rpm are time-limited to 7 minutes.
13. To account for power setting accuracy and steady state fluctuations, inadvertent torque excursions up to 1550 ft-lbs are time-limited to 7 minutes.

EXTERNAL POWER LIMITS


External power carts will be set to 28.0 to 28.4 volts and be capable of generating
a minimum of 1000 amperes momentarily and 300 amps continuously.

GENERATOR LIMITS
The In-Flight Limits are: 100% GENERATOR LOAD and a MINIMUM N1 of 85%
During ground operation, observe the following limitations:

GENERATOR LOAD

MINIMUM N1

0 to 50%

59%

50 to 80%

61%

80 to 85%

70%

STARTER LIMITS
Use of the starter is limited to 40 seconds ON, 60 seconds OFF, 40 seconds ON,
60 seconds OFF, 40 seconds ON, then 30 minutes OFF.

2-8

October, 2007

tc2.fm Page 5 Thursday, June 25, 2009 10:08 AM

Model C90GTi

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

90-590024-163TC2
June, 2009

5 of 6

tc2.fm Page 6 Thursday, June 25, 2009 10:08 AM

Model C90GTi

LIMITATIONS
FUEL LIMITS
APPROVED ENGINE FUELS
COMMERCIAL GRADES
Jet A
Jet A-1
Jet B
Chinese No. 3 Jet Fuel

6 of 6

90-590024-163TC2
June, 2009

sec02.fm Page 9 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Model C90GTi

Section 2
Limitations

FUEL LIMITS
APPROVED ENGINE FUELS
COMMERCIAL GRADES
Jet A
Jet A-1
Jet B

MILITARY GRADES
JP-4
JP-5
JP-8

EMERGENCY ENGINE FUELS


COMMERCIAL AVIATION GASOLINE GRADES
80 Red (Formerly 80/87)
100LL Blue
100 Green

LIMITATIONS ON THE USE OF AVIATION GASOLINE


1. Operation is limited to 150 hours between engine overhauls.
2. Operation is limited to 8000 feet pressure altitude or below with boost
pumps inoperative.
3. Crossfeed capability is required for climbs above 8000 feet pressure altitude.

APPROVED FUEL ADDITIVES


ANTI-ICING ADDITIVE
Engine oil is used to heat the fuel on entering the fuel control. Since no temperature measurement is available for the fuel at this point, it must be assumed to be
the same as the OAT. The graph below is used to determine the minimum oil
temperature required to maintain the fuel temperature above the freezing point of
water, and thus prevent ice accumulations in the fuel control unit. Enter the graph
at the known or forecast OAT and determine the minimum oil temperature
required for each phase of flight. If the anticipated actual oil temperature is not
equal to, or above this minimum temperature, anti-icing additive conforming to
MIL-I-27686 or MIL-I-85470 must be added to the fuel. Refer to Section 4, NORMAL PROCEDURES, for blending procedures.

October, 2007

2-9

sec02.fm Page 10 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

Prior to refueling, check with the fuel supplier to determine


whether or not anti-icing additive has already been added
to the fuel. If anti-icing additive is required, it must be properly blended with the fuel to avoid deterioration of the fuel
cell sealant. The additive concentration shall be a minimum
of 0.10% and a maximum of 0.15% by volume. To assure
proper concentration by volume of fuel on board, blend
only enough additive for the unblended fuel.

FUEL BIOCIDE ADDITIVE


Fuel biocide-fungicide BIOBOR JF in concentrations of 135 ppm or 270 ppm
may be used in the fuel. BIOBOR JF may be used as the only fuel additive or it
may be used with the anti-icing additive conforming to MIL-I-27686 or MIL-I85470 specification. Used together the additives have no detrimental effect on
the fuel system components.
Refer to the King Air 90 Series Maintenance Manual and the latest revision of
Pratt & Whitney Service Bulletin No. 1244 for concentrations to use and for procedures, recommendations and limitations pertaining to the use of biocidal/fungicidal additives in turbine fuels.

2-10

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 11 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Model C90GTi

Section 2
Limitations

FUEL MANAGEMENT
USABLE FUEL
(GALLONS x 6.7 = POUNDS)
Total Usable Fuel Quantity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 384 gal. (1453 liters), 2573 lbs
Each Side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 gal. (727 liters), 1286.5 lbs
1) Each Wing Tank System . . . . . . . . . . 131 gal. (496 liters), 877.5 lbs
2) Each Nacelle Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 gal. (231 liters), 409 lbs

FUEL IMBALANCE
Maximum allowable fuel imbalance between fuel systems is 200 pounds.

FUEL CROSSFEED
Crossfeeding of fuel is permitted only in the event of:
1. Electric Boost Pump Failure, or
2. Engine Failure

FUEL GAGES IN THE YELLOW ARC


Do not take off if fuel quantity gages indicate in the yellow arc or if fuel quantity is
less than 265 pounds in each wing system.

OPERATING WITH LOW FUEL PRESSURE


Operation of either engine with its corresponding fuel pressure annunciator (L
FUEL PRESS or R FUEL PRESS) illuminated is limited to 10 hours before overhaul or replacement of the engine-driven fuel pump. Windmilling time need not
be charged against this time limit.

BOOST PUMPS
Both boost pumps must be operational prior to takeoff.

OIL SPECIFICATION
Any oil called out by brand name in the latest revision of Pratt & Whitney Service
Bulletin Number 1001 is approved for use in the PT6A-135A engine.

APPROVED ENGINE OILS


7.5 Centistoke Turbine Engine Oils
5 Centistoke Turbine Engine Oils

October, 2007

2-11

sec02.fm Page 12 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

NUMBER OF PROPELLERS
2

PROPELLER MANUFACTURER
Hartzell Propeller Inc. (Piqua, Ohio)

PROPELLER HUB AND BLADE MODEL NUMBERS


Two full-feathering, constant-speed, reversing, four-bladed propellers consisting
of D8990SK blades and HC-E4N-3N hubs.

PROPELLER DIAMETER
Maximum Diameter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90.0 inches (228.5 centimeters)
Minimum Diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89.0 inches (226 centimeters)

PROPELLER BLADE ANGLES AT 30-INCH STATION


Reverse: -10.0 0.2
Feathered: 85.8 0.5

PROPELLER ROTATIONAL SPEED LIMITS


Transients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2090 rpm
Reverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1825 rpm
Minimum Idle Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1100 rpm
Ground Operation Prohibited Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >500 to <1100 rpm

Stabilized ground operation within the propeller prohibited


rpm range can generate high propeller stresses and result
in propeller failure and loss of control of the aircraft.
Ground Operations in Feather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . At or below 500 rpm
All other conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1900 rpm

PROPELLER ROTATIONAL OVERSPEED LIMITS


The maximum propeller overspeed limit is 2090 rpm and may be used for all
power settings during emergency conditions. Sustained propeller overspeeds
faster than 1900 rpm indicate failure of the primary governor. Sustained propeller
overspeeds faster than 1976 rpm indicate failure of both the primary governor
and the overspeed governor.

PROPELLER AUTOFEATHER
The propeller autofeather system must be operable for all flights and must be
armed for takeoff, climb, approach and landing.

2-12

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 13 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

POWER PLANT INSTRUMENT MARKINGS


INSTRUMENT
PARAMETER

GREEN/NORMAL
OPERATING RANGE

YELLOW/CAUTION
/TRANSIENT RANGE

RED/MAXIMUM/MINIMUM
RANGE

ITT
(starting) C

805
or
> 805 925
10 sec
or
> 925 1090
2 sec
(White)

---

> 805 925


> 10 sec
or
> 925 1090
> 2 sec
or
> 1090

ITT
(running) C

805
(White)

> 805 880


2 sec

> 805 880


> 2 sec
or
> 880

Torque Ft-Lbs
(Prop RPM greater
than 0)

1520
or
> 1520 1550
for
5 min

> 1550 1630


10 sec
or
> 1520 1550 for
> 5 min 7 min

> 1550 1630


> 10 sec
or
> 1520 1550
> 7 min
or
> 1630

PROP RPM
(starting on ground)

500
or
> 1900 1930
5 min
or
> 1100 1900

> 500 < 1100


15 sec
or
> 1900 1930 for
> 5 min 7 min

> 500 < 1100


> 15 sec
or
> 1900 1930
> 7 min
or
> 1930

PROP RPM
(starting in air)

1900
or
> 1900 1930
5 min

> 1900 1930 for


> 5 min 7 min

> 1900 1930


> 7 min
or
> 1930

PROP RPM
(engine running on
ground)

500
or
1100 1900
or
> 1900 1930
5 min

> 500 < 1100


15 sec
or
> 1900 1930 for
> 5 min 7 min

> 500 < 1100


> 15 sec
or
> 1900 1930
> 7 min
or
> 1930

PROP RPM
(engine running in air)

1900
or
> 1900
1930
5 min

> 1900 1930 for


> 5 min 7 min

> 1900 1930


> 7 min
or
> 1930

% N1
(starting)

101.5
(White)

> 101.5 102.6


2 sec

> 101.5 102.6


> 2 sec
or
> 102.6

% N1
(running)

58 101.5
(White)

> 101.5 102.6


2 sec
or
< 58

> 101.5 102.6


> 2 sec
or
> 102.6

FUEL FLOW

0 800

---

---

OIL TEMP
(starting) C

-40 99

> 99 110
10 min

> 99 104
> 10 min
or
< -40
or
> 104

October, 2007

2-13

sec02.fm Page 14 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

INSTRUMENT
PARAMETER

GREEN/NORMAL
OPERATING RANGE

YELLOW/CAUTION
/TRANSIENT RANGE

RED/MAXIMUM/MINIMUM
RANGE

OIL TEMP
(running) C

0 99

> 99 104
10 min
or
<0

> 99 104
> 10 min
or
> 104

OIL PRESS
(psig)

85 105

40 < 85

< 40
or
> 105

The Pilot is responsible for monitoring all engine limits, including transient limits
not accounted for by the EIS as defined in the existing airplane flight manual
engine operating limitations.

MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUMENT MARKINGS


FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS
Yellow Arc (No-takeoff Range) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 to 265 lbs

CABIN DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE GAGE


Green Arc (Approved Operating Range) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 to 5.0 psi
Red Arc (Unapproved Operating Range) . . . . . . . . above 5.0 psi to end of scale

PNEUMATIC PRESSURE GAGE


Green Arc (Normal Operating Range) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 to 20 psi
Red Line (Maximum Operating Limit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 psi

PROPELLER DEICE AMMETER


Green Arc (Operating Range). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 to 24 amps

GYRO SUCTION GAGE


Narrow Green Arc (Normal from 35,000 to 15,000 feet). . . . . . . 2.8 to 4.3 in. Hg
Wide Green Arc (Normal from 15,000 feet to Sea Level) . . . . . . 4.3 to 5.9 in. Hg
35K marked on the face of gage at. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 in. Hg
15K marked on the face of gage at. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 in. Hg

WEIGHT LIMITS
Maximum Ramp Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,160 lbs (4608 kg)
Maximum Take-off Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,100 lbs (4581 kg)
Maximum Landing Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9600 lbs (4354 kg)
Maximum Zero Fuel Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No Structural Limitation
Maximum Rear Baggage Compartment Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .350 lbs (159 kg)
Maximum Nose Avionics Compartment Load. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .350 lbs (159 kg)

2-14

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 15 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

CENTER OF
EXTENDED)

GRAVITY

LIMITS

(LANDING

GEAR

AFT LIMIT
160.0 inches aft of datum at all weights.

FORWARD LIMITS
152.0 inches aft of datum at 10,100 lbs (4581 kg)
150.7 inches aft of datum at 9600 lbs (4354 kg)
144.7 inches aft of datum at 7850 lbs (3560 kg) or less

DATUM
The reference datum is located 83.5 inches (212 centimeters) forward of the center of the nose jack point.

MEAN AERODYNAMIC CHORD (MAC)


The leading edge of the MAC is 135.9 inches (345.2 centimeters) aft of datum.
The MAC length is 75.9 inches (193 centimeters).

MANEUVER LIMITS
This is a normal category airplane. Acrobatic maneuvers, including spins, are prohibited.

FLIGHT LOAD FACTOR LIMITS (10,100 POUNDS / 4581


KILOGRAMS)
FLAPS UP

FLAPS DOWN

3.29 positive gs

2.00 positive gs

1.33 negative gs

0.00 g

MINIMUM FLIGHT CREW


One Pilot

MAXIMUM OPERATING PRESSURE-ALTITUDE LIMIT


30,000 feet

MAXIMUM OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE LIMIT


ISA + 33C

October, 2007

2-15

sec02.fm Page 16 Thursday, November 15, 2007 8:25 AM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

CABIN PRESSURIZATION AND STRUCTURAL LIMITATION


Maximum Cabin Differential Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 psi
Fuselage Pressure Vessel Structure . . . Inspections in Chapters 5 and 53-10-00
of the King Air 90 Series Maintenance Manual are required for continued airworthiness.

MAXIMUM OCCUPANCY LIMIT


13 including crew

SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT LIMITS


LANDING GEAR CYCLE LIMITS
Landing gear cycles (1 up - 1 down) are limited to one every 3 minutes for a total
of 10 cycles followed by a 15 minute cool down period.

AFT-FACING SEATS
The seatback of each occupied aft-facing seat must be in the upright position and
the headrest fully extended for takeoff and landing.

GROUND COMMUNICATIONS ELECTRIC POWER BUS


Operation of the ground communications electric power bus is restricted to
ground operation only. No authorization is extended to operate this system in any
flight configuration.
The ground communications electric power bus must not be used when refueling
the airplane.

LIMITATIONS WHEN ENCOUNTERING SEVERE ICING


CONDITIONS (REQUIRED BY FAA AD 98-04-24)

Severe icing may result from environmental conditions outside of


those for which the airplane is certificated. Flight in freezing rain,
freezing drizzle, or mixed icing conditions (supercooled liquid water
and ice crystals) may result in ice build-up on protected surfaces exceeding the capability of the ice protection system, or may result in
ice forming aft of the protected surfaces. This ice may not be shed
using the ice protection systems, and may seriously degrade the
performance and controllability of the airplane.
1. During flight, severe icing conditions that exceed those for which the airplane is certificated shall be determined by the following visual cues. If one
or more of these visual cues exists, immediately request priority handling

2-16

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 17 Friday, May 15, 2009 3:10 PM

Model C90GTi

Section 2
Limitations

from Air Traffic Control to facilitate a route or an altitude change to exit the
icing conditions.
a. Unusually extensive ice accumulation on the airframe and windshield in
areas not normally observed to collect ice.
b. Accumulation of ice on the upper surface of the wing, aft of the protected area.
c. Accumulation of ice on the engine nacelles and propeller spinners farther aft than normally observed.
2. Since the autopilot, when installed and operating, may mask tactile cues
that indicate adverse changes in handling characteristics, use of the autopilot is prohibited when any of the visual cues specified above exist, or
when unusual lateral trim requirements or autopilot trim warnings are
encountered while the airplane is in icing conditions.
3. All wing icing inspection lights must be operative prior to flight into known or
forecast icing conditions at night. [NOTE: This supersedes any relief
provided by the Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL).]

ICING LIMITATIONS
Minimum Airspeed (KIAS) for Sustained Icing Flight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 knots
Minimum Temperature for Operation of Deicing Boots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40C
Temperature requiring Engine Anti-ice, if conditions free
of visible moisture cannot be assured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 5C or lower
Sustained flight in icing conditions with flaps extended is prohibited except for approach and landings.

APPROVED AIRPLANE DEICING/ANTI-ICING FLUIDS


ISO 11075 Type I
ISO 11078 Type II
SAE AMS 1424 Type I
SAE AMS 1428 Type II
SAE AMS 1428 Type IV

October, 2007

2-17

sec02.fm Page 18 Friday, May 15, 2009 3:10 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

AVIONICS LIMITS
GENERAL
1. The following guides must be immediately available to the pilot at all times:
Operators Guide, Collins Pro Line 21 Avionics System with IFIS for the
Beechcraft King Air, P/N 523-0808535, dated June 1, 2007, or later revision.
Operators Guide, Collins FMS-3000 Flight Management System for the
Hawker Beechcraft Corporation C90GTi, P/N 523-0790066, dated June 6,
2007, or later revision.
ACSS TAWS+ Pilots Guide Publication Number 8006772-001, Revision
No. 3 dated December 31, 2008, or later revision.
Pilots Guide for the L3 Skywatch HP Traffic Alert/Advisory System, Model
SKY899, Publication No. 009-11901-001, Revision B, dated February 3,
2004, or later revision.
The Meggitt Hawker Beechcraft Corporation C90/460XP SFD MK2, SIL
No. 59, Issue 1, or later revision.
The Operators Guide, Collins Corporate Data Link System CMU-4000/
RIU-40X0, Publication No. 523-0790499-001117, dated July 14, 2003, or
later revision.
The Operators Guide, IFIS-5000 integrated Flight Information System,
Publication No. 523-0806347, dated April 4, 2007, or later.
2. This POH/AFM is approved for use with Collins FMS-3000 software version SCID 832-4120-011 or later.
3. Operating in the composite mode is limited to training and display failure
conditions.
4. The pilots and copilots Air Data Computers must be operative for takeoff.
5. AHRS 1 and 2 must be operative for takeoff.
6. The pilots PFD and MFD and copilots PFD must be installed and operational in the normal mode for takeoff.
7. The MFD must be operational prior to engine start.

2-18

May, 2009

sec02.fm Page 19 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Model C90GTi

Section 2
Limitations

AUTOPILOT
1. During autopilot operations, a pilot must be seated at the controls with the
seat belt and shoulder harness fastened.
2. An autopilot preflight check must be conducted and found satisfactory prior
to each flight on which the autopilot is to be used.
3. The autopilot minimum engage height after takeoff is 400 feet AGL.
4. The autopilot minimum use height during cruise is 1000 feet AGL.
5. The autopilot minimum use height during precision approach is 100 feet
AGL.
6. The autopilot minimum use height during non-precision approach is 200
feet AGL.
7. Maximum airspeed for autopilot operation is unchanged from the airplane
maximum airspeed (VMO/MMO).
8. The autopilot and yaw damper must not be used for takeoff and landing.
9. Operation of the autopilot system with a pitch trim malfunction is prohibited.
10. Do not manually override the autopilot during normal flight.

Overriding the autopilot in pitch does not cancel the autopilot automatic trim. If a force is applied to the control column
with the autopilot engaged, then automatic trim will run to
oppose the applied force. This can lead to a severe out-oftrim condition during any phase of flight.
11. The maximum coupled intercept angles are:
Nav and Localizer - Less than 90
Back Course - 70
12. The minimum airspeed for autopilot operation must not be less than Vref,
based on the airplanes configuration.
13. Once established on a Localizer, Localizer Backcourse and ILS
Approaches, with the inbound course set, do not turn or adjust the course
knob. Flight Director and autopilot will temporarily steer the airplane to the
change.
14. VOR approaches conducted without DME must be intercepted greater
than 6 NM from the VOR.

October, 2007

2-19

sec02.fm Page 20 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

ATTITUDE HEADING REFERENCE SYSTEM (AHRS)


Operations based on magnetic heading data are limited to within the U.S.
National Airspace and latitude bounded by:
Operations to 60 North latitude and 60 South latitude and any longitude.
Operations to 70 North latitude is acceptable East of 75 West longitude
and West of 120 West longitude.
Operations to 80 North latitude is acceptable East of 50 West longitude
and West of 70 East longitude.
Operations to 70 South latitude is acceptable except for the 45 between
120 East and 165 East longitude.

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (FMS)


1. IFR enroute and terminal navigation is prohibited unless the pilot verifies
either the currency of the database or the accuracy of each selected waypoint and navaid by reference to current approved data.
2. The FMS position must be checked for accuracy prior to use as a means of
navigation.
3. During periods of dead reckoning, the FMS shall not be used for navigation.
4. All FMS navigation operations are approved within the U.S. National Airspace System and latitudes bounded by 60 North latitude and 60 South
latitude at any longitude.
Operation to 70 North latitude is acceptable East of 75 West longitude
and West of 120 West longitude.
Operation to 80 North latitude is acceptable East of 50 West longitude
and West of 70 East longitude.
Operation to 70 South latitude is acceptable except for the 45 between
120 East and 165 East longitude.
The WGS-84 coordinate reference datum in accordance with the criteria of
AC 20-130A, AC 91-49 CHG 1, and AC 20-138 must be used. Satellite
navigation data is based upon use of only the Global Positioning System
(GPS) operated by the United States.
5. FMS based instrument approaches must be accomplished in accordance
with approved instrument approach procedures that are retrieved from the
FMS-3000 database.
GPS instrument approaches must be conducted with GPS integrity monitoring (RAIM) and must be available by the Final Approach Fix.
During FMS instrument approaches, the FMS annunciator APPR (green) or
the FMS annunciator GPS APPR (green) must be displayed on the PFD at
the FAF to indicate that the FMS is in the Approach Mode.
Use of FMS guidance for conducting instrument approach procedures is
prohibited with the FMS annunciator NO APPR (white or amber) displayed
on the PFD.
2-20

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 21 Friday, May 15, 2009 3:11 PM

Model C90GTi

Section 2
Limitations

Accomplishment of ILS, LOC, LOC-BC, LDA and SDF approaches are not
authorized utilizing the FMS from the FAF to the MAP.
When an alternate airport is required by the applicable rules, it must be
served by an approach based on other than GPS navigation, the airplane
must have operational equipment capable of using that navigation aid, and
the required navigation aid must be operational.
FMS based approaches that are retrieved from the navigation database
with an approach name of RNVxxx or VORxxx may be flown provided the
VHF navigation receiver is tuned to the reference facility.
IFR Non-Precision Approach is limited to published approaches within the
US National Airspace System. Approaches to airports in other airspace are
not approved unless authorized by the appropriate governing authority.
6. Provided the FMS is receiving adequate usable sensor inputs, it has been
demonstrated capable of, and has been shown to meet the accuracy specifications for:
a. VFR/IFR enroute RNAV operation in accordance with the criteria of AC
20-130A.
b. VFR/IFR enroute, terminal, and approach operations.
c. VFR/IFR operations on U.S. Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes (Q
Routes), Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) (Type A and B), and
Standard Instrument Arrivals (STARs) (Type A and B) in accordance
with AC 90-100 when the FMS is receiving usable GPS signals and the
route/airport has been checked and verified for RAIM availability.
d. GPS primary means of navigation in oceanic and remote airspace in
accordance with AC 20-130A and FAA Notice 8110.60 if the following
conditions are met.
1) Dual FMS-3000 Flight Management Systems and dual GPS-4000A
receivers are installed and operable.
Or2) A single FMS-3000 Flight Management System and a single GPS4000A receiver are installed and operable when operating along
routes approved for single GPS navigation.
And, in either caseThe Collins Prediction Program, Predeparture GPS Coverage Predictor (FDE Tool), P/N 832-3443-005, or equivalent, has been run
with satisfactory results.
Compliance with the above does not constitute operational approval to
operate in oceanic and remote airspace.
e. Operation in European B-RNAV airspace in accordance with AC 90-96,
AC 20-130A, and JAA Temporary Guidance Material, Leaflet No. 2,
Rev. 1. This does not constitute an operational approval to operate in
such airspace.
f. Minimum Navigation Performance Specification (MNPS) airspace for
each of the following configurations.
1) When dual FMS-3000 Flight Management Systems and dual GPS4000A GPS receivers are installed and operable.
October, 2007

2-21

sec02.fm Page 22 Friday, May 15, 2009 3:11 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

2) When a single FMS-3000 Flight Management System and a single


GPS-4000A receiver are installed and operable when operating
along routes approved for single GPS navigation.
Availability of the above equipment does not constitute operational
approval to operate in MNPS airspace.
7. Use of FMS to capture and track a DME arc outside the published end
points is prohibited.
8. Fuel management parameters are advisory only and must not replace the
primary fuel quantity indications.

IFIS-5000 INTEGRATED FLIGHT INFORMATION SYSTEM


1. The IFIS-5000 system provides supplemental airplane situational awareness information. Its use as a means for navigational or weather avoidance
is not approved.
2. Display ranges less than 50 miles must not be used when the GEO-POL
data is selected for display. At shorter ranges, the situational picture provided by this data (i.e. rivers, lakes, oceans and political boundaries) may
appear erroneous.
3. The use of the airplane symbol on the Electronic Charts is prohibited for
navigation.
4. The database utilized for the Electronic Charts must incorporate the current update cycle.
5. When using the Electronic Charts, a paper equivalent (or electronic flight
bag) must be on board and accessible to the pilot.
6. Data-linked graphical weather (either XM Radio or Universal Weather) is
for informational purposes and should not be used for tactical decision
making. By its nature, graphical weather is delayed from real time weather
conditions. Use the aircrafts primary weather radar for all tactical decisions
about weather avoidance.
7. Digital Automatic Terminal Information Service (available only when Uni-versal Weather is installed):
The flight crew shall verify that the D-ATIS numeric and alpha altimeter
setting values are identical, e.g., ...ALTIMETER SETTING 29.95 (TWO
NINER NINER FIVE)...
If the D-ATIS numeric and alpha altimeter setting values are different,
the flight crew must not accept the D-ATIS Altimeter Setting nor rely on any
other D-ATIS information.

2-22

May, 2009

sec02.fm Page 23 Friday, May 22, 2009 4:42 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

TERRAIN AWARENESS AND WARNING SYSTEM+ (TAWS+)


1. Navigation must not be predicated upon use of the Terrain Awareness Display. The terrain display is intended to serve as a situational awareness
tool only, and may not provide the accuracy and/or fidelity on which to
solely base terrain avoidance maneuvering.
2. The Terrain Awareness and Display (TAD) must be inhibited by selecting
the TERR INHIB switch/annunciator when within 15 nm of takeoff,
approach, or landing at an airport not contained in the TAWS+ Airport
Database. Refer to ACSS document 8006417 for airports contained in the
database. (See www.acsscustomerservices.com.)
3. When the FMS is operating in the DR mode, the Terrain Awareness alerting must be inhibited by selecting the TERR INHIB switch/annunciator.

NOTE
The terrain database, displays and alerting algorithms currently account for limited cataloged human-made obstructions in North America and Europe. If obstacle data is not
in the database for a particular obstacle the Obstacle
Awareness alerting is not available for the obstacle.
4. The current local QNH altimeter setting must be entered in the pilots altimeter for proper terrain alerting. In particular, the TERR INHIB switch/annunciator must be selected when operating in QFE mode.
5. The terrain database part number displayed on the MFD by MDC diagnostics must be 9000280-023 or latest.
6. The obstacle database part number displayed on the MFD by MDC diagnostics must be 9000380-001 or latest.

TRAFFIC ALERT AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM


(TCAS I)
1. The pilot must not maneuver the airplane based only on the traffic display.
The traffic display is intended to assist in visually locating traffic and lacks
the resolution necessary for use in evasive maneuvering.
2. If the pilot is advised by Air Traffic Control to disable the altitude reporting
function of the transponder, the Traffic Advisory System must be turned off.
3. The traffic advisory system can only detect aircraft that are transponder
equipped.

VNAV
1. When using the VNAV system, the barometric altimeters must be used as
the primary altitude reference for all operations.
2. Use of VNAV guidance for a V-MDA approach that includes a step-down
fix between the final approach fix and missed approach point is prohibited.

May, 2009

2-23

sec02.fm Page 24 Friday, May 15, 2009 3:11 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

3. VNAV altitudes must be displayed on the MFD map page or CDU legs
page when utilizing VNAV for flight guidance.
4. Use of VNAV while conducting a missed approach procedure is prohibited.
5. Provided the FMS is receiving adequate usable sensor inputs, it has been
demonstrated capable of and has been shown to meet the accuracy specifications of VNAV operation in accordance with AC 20-129. Such VNAV
approaches must be flown utilizing either the flight director or autopilot.
6. VNAV approach guidance to a DA is not authorized if the reported surface
temperature is below the Baro-VNAV minimum temperature limitation
specified on the applicable RNAV approach procedure chart.

NOTE
Barometric VNAV guidance during approach including the
approach transition, final approach segment and the
missed approach procedure is not temperature compensated. Operating at uncompensated minimum IFR altitudes
will not provide expected terrain and obstacle clearance for
temperature below ISA.

WEATHER RADAR

The area within the scan arc and within 2 feet (0.65
meters) of an operating TWR-852 system can be a hazardous area. Do not operate the systems in any mode other
than standby (STBY) or test (TEST) when the antenna
might scan over personnel within that range. Turning the
transmitter on while inside the hangar is not advisable.

CRACKED OR SHATTERED WINDSHIELD


The following limitations apply when continued flight is required with a cracked
outer or inner ply of the windshield.
1. Continued flight with a cracked windshield is limited to 25 flight hours.
2. Windshields which have a shattered inner ply will have numerous cracks
which will obstruct forward vision and may produce small particles or flakes
of glass that can break free of the windshield and interfere with the crews
vision. These windshields must be replaced prior to the next flight unless a
special flight permit is obtained from the local FAA Flight Standards District
Office.
3. Crack(s) must not impair visibility.
4. Crack(s) must not interfere with the use of windshield wipers for flights
requiring the use of the wipers.
5. Windshield Anti-ice must be operational for flights in icing conditions.

2-24

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 25 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Model C90GTi

Section 2
Limitations

6. The following placard must be installed in plain view of the pilot:


MAXIMUM AIRPLANE ALTITUDE IS LIMITED TO
25,000 FEET. CABIN P MUST BE MAINTAINED
BETWEEN 2.0 AND 4.6 PSI DURING FLIGHT
Windshields that have cracks in both the inner and outer plies must be replaced
prior to the next flight unless a specials flight permit is obtained from the local
FAA Flight Standards District Office.

CRACK IN ANY SIDE WINDOW (COCKPIT OR CABIN)


The following limitations apply when continued flight is required with a crack in
any side window. These limitations do not apply to minor compression-type chips
(Clamshell) which may occur on the milled edge of cockpit side windows. Refer
to the maintenance manual for the disposition of such chips.
1. Continued flight is limited to 25 flight hours.
2. Flights must be conducted with the cabin depressurized. The following
placard must be installed in clear view of the pilot.
PRESSURIZED FLIGHT IS PROHIBITED DUE TO A
CRACKED SIDE WINDOW. CONDUCT FLIGHT WITH
THE CABIN PRESSURE SWITCH IN THE DUMP POSITION.

October, 2007

2-25

sec02.fm Page 26 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

PLACARDS
On Overhead Panel in Pilots Compartment:

On Overhead Panel in Pilots Compartment:

Aft of Overhead Light Panel:

2-26

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 27 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Model C90GTi

Section 2
Limitations

On Pilots and Copilots Window Sills:

On Pilots Side Window Sill When Strobe Lights Are Installed:

On Curved Pedestal Adjacent to Power Levers:

October, 2007

2-27

sec02.fm Page 28 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

On Pedestal Adjacent to Cabin Pressurization Controller:

On Floor Between Pilots Seats:

On Right Sidepanel:

2-28

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 29 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Model C90GTi

Section 2
Limitations

On Outside of Each Oxygen Access Door:

On Inside Surface of Each Oxygen Access Door:

Adjacent to the Baggage Compartment Dome Light, When Optional Aft Compartment Oxygen Outlet is Installed:

October, 2007

2-29

sec02.fm Page 30 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

On Shoulder Harness Assemblies for All Cabin Chairs:

On Cup holders and Tables When Installed:

Located on Right Forward and Aft Partitions:

On Emergency Exit Hatch Release Cover:

2-30

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 31 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Model C90GTi

Section 2
Limitations

On Aft Wall of Baggage Compartment:

On Left Hand Aft Compartment Sidewall:

October, 2007

2-31

sec02.fm Page 32 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

Inside Airstair Door Behind Handle:

Inside Airstair Door On Folding Step:

Inside Airstair Door Between Folding Steps:

2-32

October, 2007

sec02.fm Page 33 Friday, May 15, 2009 3:11 PM

Model C90GTi

Section 2
Limitations

KINDS OF OPERATION LIMITS


The Model C90GTi is approved for the following types of operations when the required equipment, as shown in the KINDS OF OPERATIONS EQUIPMENT LIST,
is installed and operable.
VFR Day
VFR Night
IFR Day
IFR Night
Icing Conditions

KINDS OF OPERATIONS EQUIPMENT LIST


This airplane may be operated in day or night VFR, day or night IFR, and icing
conditions when the required systems and equipment are installed and operable.
The following equipment list identifies the systems and equipment upon which
type certification for each kind of operation was predicated. The systems and
equipment listed must be installed and operable for the particular kind of operation
indicated unless:
1. The airplane is approved to be operated in accordance with a current Minimum Equipment List (MEL) issued by the FAA.
Or:
2. An alternate procedure is provided in the Pilots Operating Handbook and
FAA Approved Flight Manual for the inoperative state of the listed system
or equipment and all limitations are complied with.
Numbers in the Kinds of Operations Equipment List refer to quantities required to
be operative for the specified condition. The list does not include all equipment
that may be required by specific operating rules. It also does not include components obviously required for the airplane to be airworthy such as wings, empennage, engines, etc.

October, 2007

2-33

sec02.fm Page 34 Friday, May 15, 2009 3:11 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi

VFR DAY
VFR NIGHT
SYSTEM and/or EQUIPMENT

IFR DAY
IFR NIGHT
ICING CONDITIONS
REMARKS and/or
EXCEPTIONS

ELECTRICAL POWER
1. Battery

2. Standby Battery (SFDS)

1 1
1 1

3. BAT TIE OPEN Annunciator

1 1

4. DC Generator

2 2

5. L & R DC GEN Annunciators

2 2

6. DC Load Meter

2 2

7. DC Voltmeter/Battery Ammeter and Select Switch

1 1

8. GEN TIE OPEN Annunciator

2 2

1 1

2 2

ENGINE INDICATIONS
1. Multifunctional Display (MFD)
ENGINE OIL
1. Chip Detector System Including L & R CHIP
DETECT Annunciators
2. Oil Pressure Indicator in MFD

2 2

3. Oil Temperature Indicator in MFD

2 2

4. L & R OIL PRESS Annunciator

2 2

1. Bleed Air Shutoff/Flow Control Valve

2 2

2. L & R BL AIR OFF Annunciators

2 2

3. CABIN ALT HI Annunciator (Cabin)

2 2

4. Cabin Rate of Climb Indicator

1 1

5. Outflow Valve

1 1
1 1

ENVIRONMENTAL

6. Pressurization Controller

7. Differential Pressure/Cabin Altitude Indicator

1 1

8. Safety Valve

1 1

FLIGHT CONTROLS
1. Flap Position Indicator

1 1

2. Flap System

1 1

3. Trim Tab Position Indicator (Rudder, Aileron, Elevator) 3

3 3

4. Stall Warning System

1 1

2-34

May, 2009

sec02.fm Page 35 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi
VFR DAY
VFR NIGHT
SYSTEM and/or EQUIPMENT

IFR DAY
IFR NIGHT
ICING CONDITIONS
REMARKS and/or
EXCEPTIONS

FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
1. AHRS

2. Air Data Computer (ADC)

3. Clock

4. Magnetic Compass

5. Outside Air Temperature

6. Overspeed Aural Warn

7. Primary Flight Display (PFD)

8. Secondary Flight Display System (SFDS)

1. Fuel Crossfeed System and FUEL


CROSSFEED Annunciator

2. L & R FUEL PRESS Annunciators

3. Fuel Quantity Indicating System

FUEL

4. Firewall Fuel Shutoff Valve

5. Electric Boost Pump

6. Electric Transfer Pump

7. L & R NO FUEL XFR Annunciators

1. Alternate Static Air System

2. Engine Auto-Ignition System and Annunciator

3. Engine Anti-Ice System and Annunciators

4. Heated Fuel Vent

ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION

5. Heated Windshield (Left)

6. Pitot Heat

7. Pneumatic Pressure Indicator

8. Stall Warning Heater

9. Surface Deicer System

10. Propeller Deicer System

11. Wing Ice Light (Left)

1. Landing Gear Position Annunciators

2. Landing Gear Handle Light

3. Landing Gear Aural Warning

4. Landing Gear Hydraulic Power Pack

LANDING GEAR

5. Emergency Extension Hand Pump

6. HYD FLUID LO Annunciator

October, 2007

2-35

sec02.fm Page 36 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 12:58 PM

Section 2
Limitations

Model C90GTi
VFR DAY
VFR NIGHT

SYSTEM and/or EQUIPMENT

IFR DAY
IFR NIGHT
ICING CONDITIONS
REMARKS and/or EXCEPTIONS

LIGHTS
1. Cockpit and Instrument Lighting
System

2. CABIN DOOR Annunciator

3. Landing Lights

4. Position Lights

5. Anticollision Lights System

OXYGEN
1. Oxygen System
PROPELLER
1. Autofeather System Including
Annunciators
2. Prop Ground Fine System

3. Prop Reversing System Including


Annunciator

4. Prop Governor Test Switch

5. Prop Overspeed Governor

VACUUM SYSTEM
1. Vacuum Gage

2-36

October, 2007