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CORRECTII'EUAITEIIAI{CE

All pnoeedures should be performed utfllzing


terminal.
R e f e r t o 5 , 3 , 5 . 4 , 5 . 5 a r dj . 6 .

5.L

PREDIAGNOSTICS

Refer

5.2

the mal.ntenance

to MPU, Chapter 4, TROUBLESHOOTINC.

INSTALTATION & IqAINTENAT.ICE


TOOLING

A laptop PC (with
recomnended:

lcd

Operating systen:
possible) .

screen)

having the following

features

is

MS DOS 2.O through 3.2 (in ROMconfiguration,

if

RAM memory 52O kbytes,


Floppy disk drive:

J L/2"

Port RS 232 connector


Slot

available

25-pin

for

SUB D 9-pin

male (CCITT Notice

v24),

noden connection,

future

SIJB D printer

(72O),

port.

Conmunications port RS232 on the Senographe is a female CANON


2l-point
connector. The conmunications cable ( supplied with the PC)
is an uncrossed RS232 line between:
The Senographe: 25-pin
And the PC: 9-pin
Short list

of laptop

male CANONconnector,

fenale

CAN0Nconnector.

PC suppliers:

Toshiba T 1O0O (nodel used for


T 1 O O OP L U S ,

Senographe qualification)
.

Epson 200 7OI,


Sagem MTP 16-L,
Data General ONE 2T,
The software

is

a terminal

VT22A emulator.

or

5.3

ArTrNG PARAMETERS
rN "TNSTALLilSTBMENU
All the paraneters contained in the install
sub-nenu (tube heating,
AEC caLibration)
cart be written without requiring
any adjustnent.
This possibility
is very interesting
board 4OO-plfe replacement following

5.3.L

CPU

t .23 .

TUBE CURRENTADJUSTMENT
The values
deternined

5.3.3

for

THEoRY0F oPERATT0N(RECAP)
See Fig.

5.3.2

in some cases .g.


a board nalfunction.

read under DATA in the INSTAL HEATADJ submenu are


by the operation described in Section 5.4 .4.

AEC CALTBRATToN
The value of PM HV (C* HT-PM) ard the value of PM gain
(C* GAIN.PM) in the INSTAL AEC ADJ. DATA submenu, are deterrnined
by the operation described in Para 5 .7 .2.
The value
operation

read under AL-K7 (C* AL-K7) is determined


described in 1.4.8. 1 .b.

The value read under ALF (C* ALF) is


described in Para 1 .4.8. 1 . c.

deternined

by the

by the operation

The values read under ALA (C* ALA), AL-NRA (C* AL-NRA) and
AL-NRB (C" AL-NRB) are given in the table, Para 1.4.8.
These parameters are interlinked
to deternine
the density,
and so
must be copied in full.
Be sure to update the records of these
para^meters.
After copying these paraneters,
the operating
performed in l-point node (see Para 1.4.10).

test

must be

5.4

(fis.
CHECKINGCORRECTSOFTWARE
CONFIGTTRATION

5 .4 . 1

C0NFrGUMTrON 0F SMALL FoCAL SPOT


CaIl

5.1)

up INSTAL CONFIG submenu, then the CONFSF IN 1 submenu.

For a dual-focus x-ray tube, there should be a tt1'f (SENO500T SENIX


H.F. or 6OOt SENIX H.F.), while for a single-focus x-ray tube, there
should be a ilO'r (SENO500rS SENIX H.F. or 6OOTSSENIX H.F. ).

Hit

E
If

or

as the case maybe.

the x-ray

NOTE
(SENO 500TS SENIX
tube is single-focus

6oorssENrxH.F.) , Fl
l
l
must be hit even if the il0r' is already
that the generator will
test the large
the following
INIT operations.

displayed. This means


focal spot only during

Ca1I up the CONFGS 5L2 submenu.


Check that

CONFGS 5I2-O s on 0, if

If

not,

If

the X-RAY tube is

a GS 502-4 .

set to 0 by hittin

be set to 1 by hitting

the X-RAY tube is

|0 | .

IJ

a GS 5t2-4,

the paraneter

C0NF-GS 5L2-O nust

|1I .
l

If necessary, call up the INSTAL RAM submenu and select


validate the change.

5 . 4. 2 ,

RAM END to

CONFIGURATION
OF LARGEFOCAL SPOT
Ca1I up the CONFLF IN 1 submenu.
Check that CONGLF IN is on 1 . If not, this indicates heater
malfunction. As soon as the system operates correctly
again,
be written
automatically
by the software in the paraneter
CONFLF IN.
If required,
eall up the INSTAL RAM subnenu and select
validate the change. ( refer to Para 1 .4 .9 ) .

5 . 4. 3

CHECKS0N TUBE RATINGS (INSTAL CTUB subnenu, Fig.

RAM END to

1.23)

The values recorded in the INSTAL CTUB sub-nenu are contained


RAMs, to enable nelr tubes to be natched if necessary.
Check that

1 will

the values are those of the able below.

in the

CalI

up the INSTAL CTUB subnenu.

r:

r-t

Using I J I ard | *l , call


l
l
l
l
operating
values:

values

up the lower level


.

nenus to check the tube

shown on the screen and the following


SENO 5O0T SENrX HF
ard
SENO 600T SENIX HF
Tube: GS502-{+or
GS512-4

theoretical

SENO 500TS SENrX HF


and
SENO 6OOTS SENIX HF
Tube : GS503-{+
or

GS513-4

CT'TIBCBM

+ 6.500 E+4

+ 6.500 E+4

MAX nAs

+ 1.000 E*3

+ 1.000 E*3

CTB PARAM

+ 0.000 E+0

+ 0.000 E+0

CTIIB LF-G

+ 6.t45 E*3

+ 6.t45 E+3

CTITBSF-G

+ 1.450E+3

+ 1.450 E+3

CTUB LF-E

+ 2.820 E-l

+ 2.820 E-1

CTTIBSF-E

+ L.550 E-l

+ 1.550 E-1

CTUB LFALP

+ 6,920 E-6

+ 6.920 E-6

CTTIB SFALP

+ 6,920 E-6

+ 6.920 E-6

CTUB CT-A

+ 3 . 7 5 4E - 3

+ 3 . 7 5 0E - 3

The parameter
value.

CTB PAII{M is not

NOTE
taken into

account,

whatever

its

If data is lost fr.om the RAItIs on cPU boad 400-PLL2, thls


data is automatically
re-entered shen CPUboard 4OO-PlfZ is
again power.ed correctLy.

5.4.4

TUBE HEATERADJUSTMENT

rf data is lost from the RAlrfson cPU -board 4oo-plrz ( due to


momentary interrtption
of the 5 VS for CPUboard 400-eltz , the
default values are autouratlcally re-entered as soon as the 5 VS
voltage is restored.
The default values are glven in
Section 5.4,5,
Select

the INSTALLATIONsubmenu (see Fig L . 2 3 ) .

Call up the INSTAL HEATADJsubnenu, then the ADJUST submenu, and


then the READYsubnenu.
The operator is notified
by an audible
signal that adjustment, can start "

Call up the INSTAL CT'UBsubnenu.


t-'t
Using I t I and I tl , call up the lower level nenus to check the tube
l_J
t_J
operating values shown on the screen ard the following
theoretical
values:

sENo500T sEl.rrxHF
and
sENo600T sENrx HF
Tube: GS502-ltor
GS512-4

sEryo500TSsENrx HF

ancl
SENO 6OOTS SENIX HF
Tube: GS503-{+or

cs513-4

CTTIB CBM

+ 6.500 E+4

+ 6.500 E+4

MAX nAs

+ 1.000 E*3

+ 1.000 E*3

CTB PARAM

+ 0.000 E+0

+ 0.000 E+0

CTUB LF-G

+ 6.t45 E*3

+ 6.t45 E+3

C1]TJBSF-G

+ 1.450 E+3

+ 1.450 E+3

CTUB LF-E

+ 2,820 E-l

+ 2.820 E-1

CTTIBSF-E

+ 1.550E-1

+ 1.550E-1

CTUB LFALP

+ 6.920 E-6

+ 6.920 E-6

CTUB SFALP

+ 6,920 E-6

+ 6.920 E-6

CTUB CT-A

+ 3.750 E-3

+ 3 . 7 5 0E - 3

The parameter
val,ue.

CTB PARAMis

not

NOTE
taken

into

account,

whatever its

If data ls lost fr.on the RAItIs on cPU board 400-PL12, this


data is automatically
re-entered when CPUboard 400-PLL2 is
again power"ed correetly.

5 . 4. 4

TUBE HEATER ADJUSTMENT

If data is lost from the RAIIS on CPU board 4OO-plfe (due to


nomentary Lnternption
of the 5 VS for CPU board 400-plte),
the
default
values are automatically
re-entered
as soon as the 5 VS
voltage is restored.
The default values are given in
Section 5 .4 .5.

Select

the INSTALLATION submenu (see Fig L . 2 3 ) .

CaII up the INSTAL HEATADJsubnenu, then the ADJUST submenu, and


then the READYsubmenu. The operator is notified
by an audible
signal that adjustnent can start "

It is not necessary to hold the exposure swftch down durfng the


entire call.bration
procedre.
At termLnation of each exposure, the exposure swltch can be
released, an audible alarm wlll sound lndlcatlng
that ft is tLme
for the next exposure.

Depress the exposure switch fully


and the device should take at
least 18 exposures approxinately
20 seconds apart for a dual-focus
tube (SENO 500T SENIX H.F. or 600T SENIX H.F. ), ad at least Lz
exposures for a single-focus
tube (SENO500TS SENIX H.F. or 600T5
SEI.IIX H. F. ) .

There are nine callbration


polnts,
three for
and six for the large focal srot.
Each cal-lbration
point requl.res a ml.nLmumof
to adjust and one to check.

Several

messages may appear durfng

the smal1 focal


two exposures,

spot
one

adJustnents:

ARCING and then RETRY: detectfon


of htgh-voltage
arclng durLng
exposure.
In this case, the system wlll automatically
readJust
to a lower hlgh voltage LeveL (minimum J0 kv).
rf arclng ls
too frequent,
the message becomes ARCING TUBE END. Ttre setting
is then refused.
RETRY only.
rf this message appears twice for the same
adjustment point without arcl.ng, three seeonds must elapse
between pressing the lst and 2nd triggers.
ReJection may be due
to a Longer tube cument stabilizlng
time, but which is not
detrimental
ReJeetl.on may also be due to the
to the results.
software current
restrl.ctlon
Ln the primary wLnding of the
heater transformers of 5.L5 A.
Check the pot 1 setting
( see Para 5 .5) .

of

I'lhen adjustnent
is completed,
ADJUST END then HEATADJEND.

the Heatern Current

board 4OO PLl

the screen displays:

Call up INSTAL RAM submenu and then hit


the new values (see para 1 .4 ,9 ) .

qtrNTy

R , RAM END to validate


l-f

5 . 4" 5

CHECKINGTIIBE HEATERADJUSTMENT(Fis

5 . 4. 5 . L

Checking the nA Values

t.Z3)

The autonatic calibration


can be checked with two controlled
exposures using the Terminal Application
mode.
Conf,igure

the Senographe as follows:

. Mo filter
. Large focal spot
. two-point
node

.30kv
" 100 mAs.
Connect a mAs meter (4-600 mAs) to the test
block , 7O1-PL1 board.

mAs jack on the HV

Get into the TERMINALAPPLICATION by hitting


screen will display the following:

. . . : . . : . : . . , . : . 1: : . . . . . . . .

l-t-l in
LJ

: :

. : : : ,

, : : : : : :

the nenu. The

: : : : :

: : :

i : j

=:-r:.. :ii?Tr::::::::::::i::::r::::::.::.r'

J::-:::.-:::.

Sl,,.'nOeAL.,.,SPCT.
FOC
.:,,{

:. .::.::::.::::::::::.::::.:.:::..::
: ...:.::::::::::::.:::::::::;::::::::;::::;::::;::.
.

,,.,,,,,i,
" ' :::Y0IJR,..;,SELEC1II0]i[
,,,,,,,,,'.,,,,,',','
. . , . ,. . .

. .

the exposure, hit

The screen will

display

::.:.: :::;:.. ;:..:.. :: :.:.:j:r'::j,::,:,,:,:.:.:,:.:.:..:


-: t:::
,.:
' ' . . ; .: ;: . : :. :: .. .: t::. ::
. . . : . . : : . : : . : . : : . : : . ; , : :: ., .: .. . . .
. : : r.
..:.:.:.1t:.:.:.::.:.::.:.:.
. : : . . . . . . : . . . : i . . . : . : . : . .. . . . . . . . : . . : . . :

::::::::.::.:..:
: :::
::::::::::::::::::::::::::
:::::
.: : ,:::
,.

.,,..,.

. . . ,,

, ...ii

the exposure handswitch.;


l

lDl and lEnterl

on the terminal.

t_l

the following:

. , , ; . , : , : , , , , : , ' ,: :.. : : ; : : : : : . :
.,;,;.,,,.,.,',.,.,',mAS TPs :,iii:
t$ ,,,,.,..,
.',,
30 ',,'......,'.,,,.,i':i..:..'.'i:.ii;..X00 f .,,,,

qtrNnnpAD!tr

..:
.....
:
',,
. . : : : : . : : . . ::
. : .. ..:: .. . .

:.:.:

:r

Make the exposure by using


After

. :

,"'mA
100

For the Senographe 5007 or 600T SENIX HF only: take another


exposure: 30 kV, 25 nAs ( f o r t h e s m a 1 l f o c a l s p o t ) .

the exposures must be made


To simulate real system operation,
of at least one minute to allow the tube to cool
at interrals
the mA vaLue.
dourn, oS tube temperature influences

Select

parameters.

the correct

To change the value in terminal

application,

input:

for large focal spot


for sma1l focal spot
for xxkV, where xx may be any value bethteen 22 and 49
for xxxmAs, where xxx is a value between 4 ard 600 in
26 stations
where x nay be any value
for x density calibration,
between -5 and +J
for selecting phototimer operating mode (1-point
node )
for selecting nanual operating node (2-point mode)
combination, where x can
for selecting a screen-filn
A through E.

LFOC
SFOC
xxkV
xxxmAs
xADJ
1PT

zPT
xSCR

Make an exposure using


!{hen the exposure is

the remote handswitch.

complete,

hit

I o I ard ! nlrunn I o" the


L
J
I
I

terminal.
Screen display:

uu.

mAs

30

25

..::T0S',..
.:i:-:.:::::.

'

,:,'25
'

For the 3O kV/100 mAs exposure, tolerance


and ' 5% , 1 nAs for the mAs value .

is ! 5% for

the mA value,

If the mAs value shown by the nAs meter is out of tolerance from the
refer to Para 5-6,
reference (obtained on the terminal),
Indeed, the mAs value that is displayed on the terminal is he mAs
reference.
If the intensity
shown by the terninal
refer to Para 5,4 .4 .

is out-of-tolerance

by hit,ting
Exit from SubmenuTERMINALINSTALLATION

('

5'),

[n and f*t*l
I_J

5.4 .5.2

Checking the Theoretical


Transformers
CalI

Cument Values in the Primary of the Heater

up."Subnenu INSTALLATI0N (FiS L.23\


Submenu INSTAL HEATADJ, and then Submenu DATA.

Call,up

call
L:.|
U
values at the selected

Using

Theoretical

and

default

up the menu below to check filanent


points

values

for

and backup the new data.


the V2.2 software

of the CPU:

PMAX = 2
(4 ktl)

PMAX = 1

PMAX = 0

$fta

+ 4 . 2 9 0 8 * 0A

+ 4.2908*0A

+ 4 . 2 9 0 E + oA

40/25

+ 4 . 2 5 o E + oA

+ 4 .25o E+o A

+ 4 .z5o E+oA

4j/20

+ 4 . 1 6 0 E + oA

+ 4 . 1 6 0 E + oA

+ 4 . 1 6 0 E + oA

301x00

+ 4.860 E+0 A

+ 4.860 E+0 A

+ 4 .860 E+o A

or

4o/ roo

current

(3.5 kt.)

(3 kw)

+ 4. ? 5 oE+0 A

30/ 100
+ ,*??4og.o
E+0 A
A + 4:750

+ fr5./G68
E+oA

+ ,*1?6or.o
A
A + ,*13660t.0

30l80
40/60

+ 4.730 E+0A

+ 4 . z 3 o E + oA

+ 4 . Z 3 oE + oA

+ 4 . 5 6 0 E + oA

+ 4 .560 E+o A

4n/4o

+ 4 . 4 1 0 E + oA

+ 4. 160 E+oA
+ 4 . 4 1 0 E + oA

Smal1
focal
spot

Larqe
foc1
spot

+ 4.410 E+0 A

If parameter CONFGS 5t2 is set to 1, the first


is made for 30 kV/30 mA.
calibration

point

in

the heater

If parameter CONFGS 5L2 is set to 0, the first


is made for 30 kV/25 mA.
calibration

point

in

the heater

set in the
The values on the above table are those automatically
Lnaccidental RAMpower supply cut (eg: battery
software following
dj.sconnecLi.on ) . These values are independent of the status of
parameter CONFGS 5L2.

NOTE
There are three separate
of the generator.

If

the real

values

Theoretical
+200 mA,

kV levels

are not within

default

value

due to the power llmltatLons

a range such that:

-200 nA

Real Val-ue"( Theoretical

default

then the 1 V scale factor


at point 10 of XJJ on the HEATERCIJRRENT
board, 4O0-PL1 , for 1 A in the fila^nent,
is probab1y out of
adjustnent.
Potentioneter
Pl on HEATERCLRRENI board, 400-PL1, nust
checked and adjusted if necessary (see Section"'5.5).

therefore

be

NOTE
If this 1 V/L A scale factor fs not correct,
the devLce will
operate,
but there Ls a risk of tube damage, sl.nce the Ichmax
safety system on HEATERCURREI{Tboard, 400-PL1, wil,l no longer
carry out its role fn the event of a heater contrcl
system
faLlure.

5.5

ADJUSTMENTOF POT Pl ON HEATERCURRENTBOARD, 4OO-PIT


As a precautionary
measure, disconnect the (HV) thyristor
(BNC
cables
cables from 4OO-pt4, XJ3 and XJ4).
Enter

control

the INSTALLATION submenu (FiS !.23) ,

Cal1 up the INSTAL HEATADJ submenu and then the BOARDADJUST


submenu.

:'.i.:i:,:.:::::i,::::::::.:.i.::::,:::::::::i:::i:':'.:''...:':',:::,,,:.,

'=','.'

Hir
E,
Enter

"'2'20
u,.:i'',0
A,
': ;:.:.:
:.:::.:.:..,
.:.:;:.,,,
,, .....:
,..:.
'.

..

I O I to input
l

the next positive

value

deIetes2.2OOE+0A.
Enter

the new value 4.600 E + 0 A by hitting

8.
E,E,E.E,E",U

-:

:;::.:.;::: .:.:.: ::::j::.i.::.:.;i:i:i..:

....:..:: :t.:.

;:

. . : i . . : . : . :. : . : : . : i . : . : : : . : : : . t : . i. l :

whieh autonatically

A=Amp
E x , : 4 . 6 0 0 8 + 0 A = 4 . 6 e

Renove the HV cable fron the HV transformer.


Insert approximately
eight-inch
. (20 cn) probes into the conmon ard small focal spot
holes in the I{V cable lnpu connections on the }IV transformer.
See
Fig. 5.L.

200 vDc, fitted


with a FLUKE 80J10 shunt,
10 A/100.8V, on its input terminals.
Set dc vol.tage

calibrated

at

and 2OO mV on the nultimeter.

Press the 1st trigger


of the remote handswitch (pressing
trigger
does not actuate an exposure r since high voltage
prohibited) .

the 2nd
is

Check that the nultineter


indicates
a value between 45.40 nV and
46.6O mV after stabilizing
for about 5 seconds. If not, readjust
potenioqeter
P3" on the HEATERclJRREl.lrboard, 400-pL1 , for
4 6 . 0 0 t o - 6 0 m v . . j : : :...:
: i : : : . .: ;: ;: ;. ;: :;:::: : ;
.:
.,:':,,:::
.',,,'
,", ,,',:,.,,,,,,,,,,,,,..:',
,:.:,::,,.:
. .. . .,:.'
:,',',,,:

-ca11'upmenuSF:.:;:..rcn..'.'.=..
l-l

. . : . . . : : : :. . : : . : . : : . : : .. . . :

::

: ::: :: ::.:: ::.i. : : . . : . . . .

. . : . .: : : .

by hitting l l .
LJ
i-]
Bnter l 0 | to input, the next positive
t_

value which automatically

deletes 2.2OO E + 0 A.
Enter

the new value 4.600 E + O A by hitting

E , E , E , E , E a ' dE .

Press the 1st trigger


on the renote hardswitch (pressing
trigger
does not actuate an exposure, since high voltage
prohibrted).
Conpare, the value displayed on the nultimeter
obtained on the previous nanipulation
(large
opposite sign.

5.6

with
focal

2nd
is

the value
spot) t 1 nV and

ADJUSTMENTOF POT P5 ON THE kV/mA MEASUREMENT


BOARD
As a precauti.onary measure, disconnect
(BNC cables on 4OO-pt4, XJ3 and XJ4).
Connect a current
ard R95 ) .
Adjust

the current

generator

generator

the HV trigger

control

to TP10 and the OV/M (test

for

100 nA.

point

cables

of Rll

Turn the Senographe on.


Adjust

5.7

P5 for

a reading

o f 4 kflz for

100 nA neasured at W!2.

AEC ADJUST!'IEM

NOlE
The AEC operates at a constant Pttl IIV value.
Thls value Ls
determl.ned autmattcally
by actl.vatfng
Regul. PMBOARD& Run.
The operatl.on Ls descrlbed fn Sectfon 5.7 .2.

5.7.7

ADJUSTMEI{T
BOARD, 4O0-p1,11
OF PHOTOMULTIPLIER

5 .7 .L.L

Voltage adjustnent
Insure

that

junper

ST1 is present

on PHO?OMUtTIPLIEHboard

4oo-PL11.
Connect a 1000 VDC voltneter
between the shielding
and the core of
the coa><ial cable on PH0TOMULTIPLIERboard 400-pL11.
Turn the Senographe on and wait until
This operation loads the O value into
analog converter.

initialization
the board's

is conpleted.
digital-to-

Call up the INSTAL C0NFIG subnenu and bhen the II{STAL AECADJ
submenu (FiS L.23) .
CalI up the INSTAL AECADJ PMADJ submenu and then
Regul. PMBOARD
& Run submenu

lhe

Adjust potentioneter
P4 on the PHOTOMULTIPLIBR
board, 400-PL11, for
8OO V on connector PR3 when the PM is connected. (connectors PR3 ard
PR4 connected).

of photomultiplier

Adjustment

current

gain

- Tbrn the Senographe off.

4oo-Pt11.
Connect ar oscilloscope
to test point TP6 ard the measurenent
reference' to ',the negative terninal
of capacitor czj.
'

- Turn the Senographe on.


Adjust potentiometer
Pl on PH0TOMULTIPLIER
board,
one pulse every second ( 1 Hz\ on the oscilloscope.
allows offlset adjustnent.

400-pL11, to read
This setting

At PR4, introduce a negative current source of approxinately


1
microa^mpere. To simulate a current generator, utilize
a nultineter
in ohuneter position
with a rating of 200 kohms and with a 10 kohn
iesista^ria.e'in series.
(A 10 megohmresistor
can be used, connected
to the -tZ VISO supply). See below:
,/..
L2 VISO , '---*-

.$oo
P"trri

The adJustment

Resis tor
10-megohn

Ammeter

PR4

4ooPLII

of pot Pl interacts

wlth

the adJustment

of pot P2.

In b6h cases', the current supplied by the nultimeter


nust be
measured using another multimeter in nicroampere position.
Let I be the current measured in microamperes.
The value should be such that:

0.5 $ < I < 2 r-A


Adjust
within

'5:] i2
1.,,

potentiometer
P2 to obtain a frequency of 4 kHz x r to
*5/ on test point TP6 (the ratio is 4 kHz:1
FA).

ADJUSTMENTFOR OPTTMUMPM HV VALUE


Install

the 18 x 24 em moving grd

Place 4 cm of plexiglas

with

no cassette

inslde.

on the noving grid.

No conpression paddle installed.


Select

the nolybdenum filter,

Select, a source-to-image distance (SID) of 650 mn (tfris distance


is fixed for the SENO500TS sENrX H.F. and 6oors sENrx H.F.).
g

'rrrr:t\,r

E n t e r t h e I N S T A L L A T I 0 N s u b m e n u ( F i e L , 2 3 , } . ' - ' |
Call up the INSTAL AEC ADJ submenu, t\e
submenu
Make an exposure ( the 2nd trigger
microprocessor ) .

the Regul,. , PItsSARD & Run

rr.
delay is entirely

controlled

by

:'.
optimun high voltage
releasgd.

value.

After

Ttre nessage PMADJ END will

this the renote


...: ,r,:_.
, -r....

this

nenu by hitting

should be

appear on the screen.

If the ERR. SYSTEMEor ERR. MRSUREt"q""g


appears,
operating error (phantom error) or a nalfunction.
Exit

trigger

look

for

an

r:1

lTl l as often: as qgquired.

Call up the INSTAL AEC ADJ DATA submenu and 1$hen ,the, CA ffT PM
subnenu to record the value of PM HV.. ,: , . .
CaIl up the CA GAIN PM subnenu to check the PM gain value.
value displayed should be in the range. 4 .25: rF' + 0 through
If not comect, check the abqve conf,igurations
5.L5 E + 0.
repeat the procedure.

The
and

CalI up the INSTAL RAM submenu and . then the" BAII{,E}ln sutrmenu to
validate
the new values.

5.8

X-RAY TUBE REPIACEMENT

5.8. 1

MECHANTcAL
ASSErvtsLy
See Figures

L.9 through 1 . 13.

5.8.2

MECHANTCAL
POSITIONTNG

5.8.2.!

Physical

inspection

Make sure that the painted surfaces ,of;, the sysgm and accesso$ies
are clean and in good conditior.
, '
:'
Make sure that all scales, dials and switches on the system and
accessories are legible.
Make sure the protective
positioned.

glass

screen i"
,

clean

and properly

Mdce sure the nirror

is, clean

. remove the beam-limiti.ng


device
.,::
. S!{ITCH ON THE SENOGRAPHE
device
" swtch on the llght-centering
-!;,.',:.:'.'r,*'l:i
T :,;jg,btrO-.w,,,HIV
QUSt r*ay.
1 , . . 1. . , : " : , ' 1 : 'j

, . ,.

ir.;,;

.i

\.. .t

. 1:,.:-.rr;j 1BS CAREFULNEVER T0 TOUCHTllE MIRROR


',

5.8.2,2
'il:.:i;

Centering

and positioning

n:r'i.;tdi *:;;i-:' :,"iir;:ln,'r


,, ''i.;i.i,!:

test

" ' 'l

'

,** 1*? SRQ tte -',SI;D


i.to ;.65O mm and select

'

, - .; . i r r

'
! . , ,; t t. :: i l ir t . .
'
,
j

:,
r, , i ,. i

the O. 3 nn focal

.:.,.Po"sit'iqn,."he-"1,8,."x24/650 bean=limiting

device

conpreasln paalalle.
.:.:

.'

.l :. J

..

.:.rJf::"'

spot.

and remove the

:.

- Place a 24 x J0 fJ.In pouch dlrectly


grid, see Ftg. ,.2.

n the inage receptor

,i,-; .:r:,.,..,:,.o
r.,.se.,q,r.eedl"lg
tpglerqe the undersfde of the-filn
'.
i::' "r , .. PPsi"Uio-tw,;o4,1he
, thoPax side , see Ftg. ! . 2 .
:,Jj r,,, j.)r, 1;".

pouch ln two

-r-

r i . . , C t ,l " : r ! , ; ! i

;r.'.-' r',d'; '-;' S$gctl30".kY,Qnr50 nAs on the control panel.


.,{ :.':':,.-,'., 1. , . .,'-

wlthout

',' r''lic

,.,:,, .-" l$rg.sS,9)SFo.$SF?.i


r.
Join

:
1

the 2 dots on the developed

n Check that

1 l;,;;i

the i.mage does not go over

.;.. '; .., r'.on.1the i,hdrgry,g-f{e.

5.8. 3

this

film.
line

by nore

than 10 mn

,,,::

TUBE CURRghnADJ{TSTMENT
Run the prcedure

5 .I .4

exposure

described

in para 5 .4 .4 arrd 5 .4 .j .

CHECKING TECI.IJQUEFACT0RS ( kvp and mAs)


Cheek that, the AHC cal-ibration
procedure performed on the previous
tube yieJ-ds satsfactory
results
with the new tube. Perform the AEC
calibrst,ion
test {paragraph 1 . 4 . 10) .
If resuLts are no 'satisfactory,
perforn a simptified
AEC calibration
procedure rather tban a full
one, as replacing
the tube does not
requf re nodification
of parameters AL-A, AL-I.RAand AL-NRB,

,,iISENO$RAP}IEJ'5OOT;IT$.&

5.9

CENTERING DEVICE LAIP REPIACEI'IENT


: -- , . -' ',.:i!:';,,.i {' {'.

T u rn

th e

Se n o g ra p h e

off.

: ; i ' l * . , , ; ,l l

' '
" ,::: J,' i i ' 1.: i :i ^..," ' -r;:
i

. 3 ^ , 1 . ., , , . ,
;
.:,,,., ;..

Unscrew the four screws, Fig. 5.1' ef . 'i(:l)'. ,ifienove the defeCtive
bulb arid insert
the new one.
Ttre pins of the bulb must be
plugged rfr tffie soeket.
completely ard symerically
CAUTION
:,:

' - : 1 , 1 1 ' : . th- i, : . i


-i
i,
, ,. i

-", ..

',

i'.;t

Hhen insentlng tte ner bulb, do not handle ttre bulb lqith your
fLngers. Ttre o1 from your flngers t**.in'adrrei'b -'o th glass
envel.op and wlll burn when the bulb ls,,aoTg.4 ol..
, ,,,:
, ,i i !;l:',; ,

'i;;t;'

Remount the lanp assembly arrd the form,,lr"""yg,,

. r-:1 .,.,
.t,;.t,:'.,1'.

_FiB.,,5.f_

ref " (1) .

Turn the Senographe on.


Swit,ch the centering device ON and check for rirreet
centering of
the light
beam on the i-mage receptop. ritthe'k{'era1"'''bdges of the
light
posiioned with respect to the
field
should be synetrically
image receptor a<is within t 3 mm, an&i;th:,fntiedge of the light
field
should overlap the costal grid edge of the inage receptor by
to
13
mm. Correct beam centering if .ine$ddry ru{nS the two
7
screws, Fig . 5.3 ref . (21.
NOTE

. : , ' , : . , : . , . { r . ;.,: *
]:.:

Use bulbs listed


Ln the spare parp;rllSG
TQl/Il,lustrated
Parts Lfst.

SENoGRAPHE

& 600T/TS

or ln

the

PRETENTITE
MAINTENANcE

4.1

$.trRoDucrroN

Preventive maintenance
maintenance operations
These operations
Engineer trained

4.2

for n. Senographe consists


and operating checks.

should preferably
be carried
on the Senographe.

maintenance
hours.

operation

4.2.L

ANNUALMAINTENANcE
OPERATI0NS

4 .2.1.!

Physical inspection:

out by a Maintenance

occupies

a Maintenance

Correct

column operation,

Correct

paddle operation,

Correct
panel,

operation

of indicator

lamps and controls

Comect

operation

of the light

centering

Lubrication

Electrical

Engineer

on the control

device,

of gearurotor chain.

inspection:

Power supply voltage


Reading of counters

4 .2.L.3

of routine

ScHEDULE& opERATroNs

The preventive
for about four

4 .2.! .2

nainly

checks,
on the ELECTRONICS
backpanel,

Operating inspection:
Run an operating test and compare the results and exposures with
those taken at installation
ard at previous preventive naintenance
inspections.

4,2.2

FouR-yEARLy MAr},TENANCE
0PERATT0NS

4.2.2.!

Check the radiology

paraneters:

Use a MACHLETTDYNALISERTII (high voltage


display) , or an equivalent
test instrunent

unit with digital


to check kVp ard mAs.

You can also use the KEITHLEY kVp divider


and the "Linear Manno Pack"
(ref. 3735LC) to check kV values in the 22 thru 40 kV range.
Use the
"Cadmium K Edge MammoPack (ref, 37355C, for accurate measurement of
27 .5 thru 29,5 kVp for ma:nmographyx-ray source assenblies with
nolybdenun anodes, beryllium
windows and nolybdenun filtration.
Note:

Use a fast,

accurate,

wide-band storage oscilloscope.

For nAs values over 100 a GESPONER


MMDmAs-meter nay also be
used.
For exposure times of more than 10 seconds use the GESPONER
MMDnAs-meter.
Connect the Dynaliser
tank.

between the x-ray

Plug the mAs-meter circuit


into
measurement board, &s indicated
Adjust the Dynaliser
. Trigger source
. Trigger level
. kV delay
. Trigger node
. Procedure

tube and the High Voltage

the test jack TI1 on the kV/mA


on figure 4.1.

follows:
kvp
'l of kVp
75
10 ms
percentage
normal

CAUTION
The nAs meter is serially
connected inside the high voltage
circuit.
Before naking an exposure, check your connections.
Make two exposures for each of the folrowing values:
22 kV
20 nAs SF
35 kV 320 nAs LF
22 kV
4 nAs LF
4f kV
20 mAs SF
22 kV 500 mAs LF
4f kV
4 mAs LF
20 nAs sF
4r kv 120 nAs LF
35 kv
4 nAs LF
35 kV
(SF = snall focal spot, LF = large focal spot)
Record the values measured on the measurenent sheets n" 2 below ard
check that these values are within the tolerances.
Tolerance
Machlett
Keithley:

nust be calculated

using

the following

= kV selected t
kV linits
-.1r
-nAslinits=mAsselectedt
kV linits

= kV selected

formulas

(2 / + 2 6M1)
(5 I +1nAs+2

(zfr + 2 6M1 + 2 6m1)

6ltl2)

EIt{ is the accuracy


DYNALISERIII:

of

the measurenent

EI{1 = A.75 + 0.01fxV,


Elll : in kilovolts
6M2 : in nAs
T
: exposure tine

. 6 l U 2= 0 . 1

instrrment,

for

ITIACHLH|T

+ 0.O26xQ + 0.0O1xT

V : Voltage in kilovolts
0 : nAs of the exposure
in nilliseconds

6tv11represents the accuracy of the neasuring instrunent


given by
the nanufacturer' s brochure according to the "Maqno Pack" used and
Enl represents the accuracy of the neasuring instrunent
used with
it (oscilloscope) .
The EM values must be calculated
depend on the exposure time.
As a result:
kV limit,s
nAs limits

Exanple:
kv serected

for

each exposure because they

= kV selected t (1.5 + 0.05xV)


= nAs selected + (1.2 + 0.10zxe + 0.002xT).

= 22, nAs selected

= 20, small focal

spot.

Make the test and assume that neasured time for the exposure is:
T + 93O ES, then:
E M 1 = t . 5 + 0 . 0 5 x V = t . 5 + O . O J x 2 Z= 2 . 6 k V
6 l t { 2= L . 2 + . 1 0 2 x Q + . 0 0 2 x T = ! . 2 + 0 . 1 0 2 x 2 0 + 0 . 0 0 2 x 9 3 0 = j . ! n A s
Then the limit, values are:
22 t 2.6 = 19.4 thru 24.6 for kilovolts,
20 t 5.L = 14.9 thru 25.L for nAs.
4.2.2.2

Replace the CpU board battery,

400-pt 12

lhen replacing
the CPU board battery,
400-pLLZ, the RAM memory
should be maintained ON by temporarlly
corurecting another battery
in parallel.
Otherr^ise, the installatign
procedure must be repeated
to rewrite the working parameters in the RAITI(see section 1.4).

4.1

DEASUREMENT
REPORTSHEETS

See following

pages.

(nn'n

-rrr