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PRESENT PERFECT (9 ANO)

O Present Perfect um tempo verbal utilizado para falar sobre eventos que
ocorreram no passado, mas que mantm algum tipo de ligao com o presente.
Entretanto, se o tempo em que a ao ocorreu for sugerido ou mencionado, deve-se usar
o Simple Past. Observao: a traduo das duas formas verbais podem ser as mesmas.
Observe:

I have lived there a long time. (Eu vivo l por muito tempo=> tempo
indeterminado: Present Perfect)
I lived there for 2 years. (Eu vivi l por 2 anos => tempo determinado: Simple
Past)

O Present Perfect tambm usado com uma srie de advrbios:

JUST: indica que a ao acabou de acontecer. He has just finished doing his
homework. (Ele acabou de terminar de fazer sua tarefa.)
EVER: alguma vez na vida. Have you ever gone hiking in the mountains?(Voc
j foi fazer trilha nas montanhas?)
ALREADY: j (nas frases afirmativas). I have already been to China. (Eu j
estive na China.)
NEVER: nunca. I have never seen such a beautiful thing. (Nunca vi coisa to
Linda.)
YET: 1. j (quando se espera que a resposta seja afirmativa) Have you done
the dishes yet? (J lavou a loua? Era esperado que voc a lavasse.) 2. ainda
(em frases negativas) No, I havent done the dishes yet. (No, no lavei a loua
ainda.)
SINCE desde. I have been a teacher since 2013. (Sou professor desde 2013.)
FOR h, por, faz. I havent seen him for a long time. (No o vejo h/por/faz
muito tempo.)

PRESENT PERFECT X SIMPLE PAST


A diferena principal entre esses dois tempos que:
o passado simples refere-se s ocasies especficas no passado.
o presente perfeito no especifica o tempo da ao.
- I went there last year. [Eu estive l ano passado].
- I have been there three times. [Eu estive l 3 vezes].
, sobretudo, o uso do presente perfeito com time markers already / yet
que confundimos com o uso do pretrito perfeito em portugus.
I have already seen that film. [J vi aquele filme].
Have you seen it yet? [Voc j o viu?]

Exercises (Exerccios)
1) Complete the sentences with the present perfect:
(Complete as frases com o presente perfeito)
a) We_______________________(to travel) to Miami.
b) I ____________________( not to go) to office.
c) She ____________________(always to see) her family.
d) ____________they____________(to walk) to square?
2) Use the adverbs in parentheses:
(Use os advrbios em parnteses)
a) They have taken this train.(never)
__________________________________________________________
b) Have you seen this film?( ever)
__________________________________________________________
c) I have read a newspaper.( always)
__________________________________________________________
d) She hasnt talked to me.( yet)
___________________________________________________________
3) Use: since, so far, for, in the sentences below.
(Use: desde, at agora, para, nas frases abaixo)
a) She has studied here _______________ 2000.
b) They have been married ________________ five years.
c) We have stayed here _______________ now.
d) My sister has lived in Ney York __________________ 1999.
e) My father have worked that office _______________ six years.
4) Rewrite the sentences without the contrac form. Use is or has in
sentences:
(Reescreva as oraes sem a contrao. Use ou tem nas frases:)
a) Julies beautiful girl.
_______________________________________________________
b) Shes traveled to London.
_______________________________________________________
c) Hes studied a lot to test.
_______________________________________________________
5) Complete with the how many or how much:
a) _________________money do you have now?
b) _________________ years you live here?
c) __________________ bread did she buy for us?

d) __________________ children does he have?


6) Translation:
a) quantos anos voc tem?
____________________________________________
b) quanto tempo voc morou New York?
___________________________________________
c) o que ele acha de seu novo carro?
____________________________________________
d) how often do you study English?
____________________________________________
e) quanta informao eles tem sobre esta casa?
____________________________________________
7) Rewrite the sentences:
(Reescreva as frases)
a) does/ rain/ often/ it / here?/ how
____________________________________________
b) how;/ you? /old/ are
____________________________________________
c) she/ english/ studied/ has/ brother/her/with/2001/since
____________________________________________
d) you/ like/ how/ your/ city/do
____________________________________________
8) Translation:
a) De vez em quando eu como geleia.
______________________________________________________
b) Eu quero ouvir esta cano.
______________________________________________________
c) Voc j almoou?
______________________________________________________
d) Ela no tem ido faculdade ainda.
______________________________________________________
e) Voc sempre tem chegado bem na hora.
_____________________________________________________

f) Est chovendo agora.


______________________________________________________
9) Use the present perfect continuous in the sentences below:
(Use o present perfect continuous nas frases abaixo)
a) I do my job.
_____________________________________________________
b) They dance for two hours.
_____________________________________________________
c) She study English lately.
_____________________________________________________
d) Julie sleep for 4 hours.
_____________________________________________________
10) Rewrite the sentences below:
(Reescreva as frases abaixo:)
a) my/ painter/ a/ good/ is
_____________________________________________________
b) wait/ me/ for/you
_____________________________________________________
c) to clean/ house/my/I/need
_____________________________________________________
d) we/ hairdresser/go/to/now
____________________________________________________
Resoluo
1)
a) have traveled
b)havent gone
c) has always seen
d) have they walked
2)
a) they have never taken this
train.
b) have you ever seen this film?
c) I have always read a
newspaper.
d)she hasnt talked to me yet.

3)
a) since
b) for
c) so far
d)since
e) for
4)
a) julie is a beautiful girl.
b) she has traveled to London.
c)He has studied a lot to test.
5)
a) how much

b) how many
c) how much
d) how much
6)
a)how old are you?
b)how long did you live un New

a) now and them I eat jam.


b) I want to heard this song.
c) have you ever had lunch?
d) she hasnt gone to college yet.
e) you have always arrived just
in time.
f)Its raining now.

York?
c)how does he like your new
car?
d) how often do you study
English?
e)how much information they
have about that house?
7)
a) how often does it rain here?
b) how aold are you?
c) she has studied English with
her brother since 2001
d) how do you like your city?
8)

9)
a) I have been doing my job.
b) they have been dacending for
two hours.
c) She has been studying
English lately.
d) Julie has been sleeping for 4
hours.
10)
a)my father is a good painter.
b) you waiter for me.
c) I need to clean my house.
d) We go to hairdresser now.
e) The mailman give me a letter.