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Federal Register / Vol. 72, No.

26 / Thursday, February 8, 2007 / Rules and Regulations 5917

Citation envisaged in the applicable We will file in the docket all


The authority citation for these airworthiness standards. These novel comments we receive, as well as a
special conditions is as follows: and unusual design features include the report summarizing each substantive
installation of electrical and electronic public contact with FAA personnel
Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113 and systems that perform critical functions about these special conditions. You can
44701; 14 CFR 21.16 and 21.17; and 14 CFR for which the applicable regulations do inspect the docket before and after the
11.38 and 11.19.
not contain adequate or appropriate closing date. If you wish to review the
The Special Conditions airworthiness standards for the docket in person, go to the address in
protection of these systems from the the ADDRESSES section of this preamble
Accordingly, pursuant to the
effects of high intensity radiated fields between 7:30 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday
authority delegated to me by the
(HIRF). These special conditions through Friday, except Federal holidays.
Administrator, the following special
contain the additional safety standards We will consider all comments we
conditions are issued as part of the type
that the Administrator considers receive by the closing date for
certification basis for the Quest Aircraft
necessary to establish a level of safety comments. We will consider comments
Company Kodiak Model 100.
equivalent to the airworthiness filed late if it is possible to do so
1. Protection of Electrical and
standards applicable to these airplanes. without incurring expense or delay. We
Electronic Systems from High Intensity
DATES: The effective date of these may change these special conditions
Radiated Fields (HIRF). Each system
special conditions is January 31, 2007. based on the comments we receive.
that performs critical functions must be If you want us to let you know we
designed and installed to ensure that the Comments must be received on or
before March 12, 2007. received your comments on these
operations, and operational capabilities special conditions, send us a pre-
of these systems to perform critical ADDRESSES: Mail comments in duplicate
to: Federal Aviation Administration, addressed, stamped postcard on which
functions, are not adversely affected the docket number appears. We will
when the airplane is exposed to high Regional Counsel, ACE–7, Attention:
Rules Docket Clerk, Docket No. CE265, stamp the date on the postcard and mail
intensity radiated electromagnetic fields it back to you.
external to the airplane. Room 506, 901 Locust, Kansas City,
2. For the purpose of these special Missouri 64106. Mark all comments: Background
conditions, the following definition Docket No. CE265. You may inspect On February 15, 2005, Aviation
applies: comments in the Rules Docket Technology Group (ATG), 8001 S.
Critical Functions: Functions whose weekdays, except Federal holidays, InterPort Blvd., Englewood, CO 80112
failure would contribute to, or cause, a between 7:30 a.m. and 4 p.m. applied to the FAA for a type certificate
failure condition that would prevent the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: for the Javelin Model 100. Changes in
continued safe flight and landing of the James Brady, Aerospace Engineer, technology have given rise to advanced
airplane. Standards Office (ACE–110), Small airplane electrical and electronic
Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on January
Airplane Directorate, Aircraft systems and higher energy levels from
31, 2007. Certification Service, Federal Aviation high-power radio frequency transmitters
Kim Smith,
Administration, 901 Locust, Room 301, such as radio and television broadcast
Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone stations, radar and satellite uplink
Manager, Small Airplane Directorate, Aircraft
Certification Service.
(816) 329–4132. transmitters. The combined effect of
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FAA these developments has been an
[FR Doc. E7–2098 Filed 2–7–07; 8:45 am]
has determined that notice and increased susceptibility of electrical and
BILLING CODE 4910–13–P
opportunity for prior public comment electronic systems to electromagnetic
hereon are impracticable because these fields. The proposed modification
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION procedures would significantly delay incorporates a novel or unusual design
issuance of the approval design and feature, such as electrical and electronic
Federal Aviation Administration thus delivery of the affected aircraft. In systems, that are vulnerable to HIRF
addition, the substance of these special external to the airplane.
14 CFR Part 23 conditions has been subject to the
public comment process in several prior Type Certification Basis
[Docket No. CE265, Special Condition 23–
instances with no substantive comments Under the provisions of 14 CFR part
205–SC]
received. The FAA, therefore, finds that 21, § 21.17, Aviation Technology Group
Special Conditions; Aviation good cause exists for making these must show that the Javelin Model 100
Technology Group (ATG); Javelin special conditions effective upon airplane meets the type certification
Model 100; Protection of Systems for issuance. basis for the airplane, as applicable, and
High Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF) § 23.1301 of Amendment 23–20;
Comments Invited
§§ 23.1309, 23.1311, and 23.1321 of
AGENCY: Federal Aviation We invite interested persons to take Amendment 23–49; and § 23.1322 of
Administration (FAA), DOT. part in this rulemaking by sending Amendment 23–43; exemptions, if any;
ACTION: Final special conditions; request written data, views, or comments. The and the special conditions adopted by
for comments. most helpful comments reference a this rulemaking action.
specific portion of the special
SUMMARY: These special conditions are conditions, explain the reason for any Discussion
issued to Aviation Technology Group recommended change, and include If the Administrator finds that the
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(ATG), 8001 S. InterPort Blvd., supporting data. We ask that you send applicable airworthiness standards do
Englewood, CO 80112 for a type us two copies of the written comments. not contain adequate or appropriate
certificate for the Javelin Model 100 Communications should identify the safety standards because of novel or
airplane. These airplanes will have regulatory docket or notice number and unusual design features of an airplane,
novel and unusual design features when be submitted in duplicate to the address special conditions are prescribed under
compared to the state of technology specified above. the provisions of § 21.16.

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5918 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 26 / Thursday, February 8, 2007 / Rules and Regulations

Special conditions, as appropriate, as Effective measures against the effects of approval by the FAA, to identify either
defined in § 11.19, are issued in exposure to HIRF must be provided by electrical or electronic systems that
accordance with § 11.38 after public the design and installation of these perform critical functions. The term
notice and become part of the type systems. The accepted maximum energy ‘‘critical’’ means those functions whose
certification basis in accordance with levels in which civilian airplane system failure would contribute to, or cause, a
§ 21.17. installations must be capable of failure condition that would prevent the
Special conditions are initially operating safely are based on surveys continued safe flight and landing of the
applicable to the model for which they and analysis of existing radio frequency airplane. The systems identified by the
are issued. Should the applicant apply emitters. These special conditions hazard analysis that perform critical
for a supplemental type certificate to require that the airplane be evaluated functions are candidates for the
modify any other model already under these energy levels for the application of HIRF requirements. A
included on the same type certificate to protection of the electronic system and system may perform both critical and
incorporate the same novel or unusual its associated wiring harness. These non-critical functions. Primary
design feature, the special conditions external threat levels, which are lower electronic flight display systems, and
would also apply to the other model than previous required values, are their associated components, perform
under the provisions of § 21.101. believed to represent the worst case to critical functions such as attitude,
Novel or Unusual Design Features which an airplane would be exposed in altitude, and airspeed indication. The
the operating environment. HIRF requirements apply only to critical
Aviation Technology Group plans to These special conditions require functions.
incorporate certain novel and unusual qualification of systems that perform Compliance with HIRF requirements
design features into the Javelin Model critical functions, as installed in aircraft, may be demonstrated by tests, analysis,
100 airplanes for which the to the defined HIRF environment in models, similarity with existing
airworthiness standards do not contain paragraph 1 or, as an option to a fixed systems, or any combination of these.
adequate or appropriate safety standards value using laboratory tests, in Service experience alone is not
for protection from the effects of HIRF. paragraph 2, as follows: acceptable since normal flight
These features include electrical and (1) The applicant may demonstrate operations may not include an exposure
electronic systems that perform critical that the operation and operational to the HIRF environment. Reliance on a
functions, which are susceptible to the capability of the installed electrical and system with similar design features for
HIRF environment, that were not electronic systems that perform critical redundancy as a means of protection
envisaged by the existing regulations for functions are not adversely affected against the effects of external HIRF is
this type of airplane. when the aircraft is exposed to the HIRF generally insufficient since all elements
Protection of Systems from High environment defined below: of a redundant system are likely to be
Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF): Recent exposed to the fields concurrently.
advances in technology have given rise Field strength
to the application in aircraft designs of (volts per meter) Applicability
Frequency
advanced electrical and electronic Peak Average As discussed above, these special
systems that perform functions required conditions are applicable to the ATG
for continued safe flight and landing. 10 kHz–100 kHz ........... 50 50 Javelin Model 100. Should ATG apply at
Due to the use of sensitive solid state 100 kHz–500 kHz ......... 50 50 a later date for a supplemental type
advanced components in analog and 500 kHz–2 MHz ............ 50 50 certificate for a type design change that
digital electronics circuits, these 2 MHz–30 MHz ............. 100 100 incorporates the same novel or unusual
advanced systems are readily responsive 30 MHz–70 MHz ........... 50 50
design feature, the special conditions
70 MHz–100 MHz ......... 50 50
to the transient effects of induced would apply to that change as well
100 MHz–200 MHz ....... 100 100
electrical current and voltage caused by 200 MHz–400 MHz ....... 100 100 under the provisions of § 21.101.
the HIRF. The HIRF can degrade 400 MHz–700 MHz ....... 700 50
electronic systems performance by Conclusion
700 MHz–1 GHz ........... 700 100
damaging components or upsetting 1 GHz–2 GHz ............... 2000 200 This action affects only certain novel
system functions. 2 GHz–4 GHz ............... 3000 200 or unusual design features on one model
Furthermore, the HIRF environment 4 GHz–6 GHz ............... 3000 200 of airplane. It is not a rule of general
has undergone a transformation that was 6 GHz–8 GHz ............... 1000 200 applicability and affects only the
8 GHz–12 GHz ............. 3000 300
not foreseen when the current applicant who applied to the FAA for
12 GHz–18 GHz ........... 2000 200
requirements were developed. Higher 18 GHz–40 GHz ........... 600 200 approval of these features on the
energy levels are radiated from airplane.
transmitters that are used for radar, The field strengths are expressed in terms The substance of these special
of peak root-mean-square (rms) values. conditions has been subjected to the
radio, and television. Also, the number
of transmitters has increased or, notice and comment period in several
significantly. There is uncertainty (2) The applicant may demonstrate by prior instances and has been derived
concerning the effectiveness of airframe a system test and analysis that the without substantive change from those
shielding for HIRF. Furthermore, electrical and electronic systems that previously issued. It is unlikely that
coupling to cockpit-installed equipment perform critical functions can withstand prior public comment would result in a
through the cockpit window apertures is a minimum threat of 100 volts per meter significant change from the substance
undefined. peak root-mean-square (rms), electrical contained herein. For this reason, and
The combined effect of the field strength, from 10 kHz to 18 GHz. because a delay would significantly
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technological advances in airplane When using this test to show affect the certification of the airplane,
design and the changing environment compliance with the HIRF which is imminent, the FAA has
has resulted in an increased level of requirements, no credit is given for determined that prior public notice and
vulnerability of electrical and electronic signal attenuation due to installation. comment are unnecessary and
systems required for the continued safe A preliminary hazard analysis must impracticable, and good cause exists for
flight and landing of the airplane. be performed by the applicant, for adopting these special conditions upon

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Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 26 / Thursday, February 8, 2007 / Rules and Regulations 5919

issuance. The FAA is requesting Final rule; request for


ACTION: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
comments to allow interested persons to comments.
Streamlined Issuance of AD
submit views that may not have been
submitted in response to the prior SUMMARY: We are adopting a new The FAA is implementing a new
opportunities for comment described airworthiness directive (AD) for the process for streamlining the issuance of
above. products listed above. This AD results ADs related to MCAI. This streamlined
from mandatory continuing process will allow us to adopt MCAI
List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 23 airworthiness information (MCAI) safety requirements in a more efficient
Aircraft, Aviation safety, Signs and issued by an aviation authority of manner and will reduce safety risks to
symbols. another country to identify and correct the public. This process continues to
an unsafe condition on an aviation follow all FAA AD issuance processes to
Citation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe meet legal, economic, Administrative
The authority citation for these condition as cracking in the wing main Procedure Act, and Federal Register
special conditions is as follows: landing gear (MLG) rib 5 aft bearing requirements. We also continue to meet
Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113 and forward lug, which could affect the our technical decision-making
44701; 14 CFR 21.16 and 21.17; and 14 CFR structural integrity of the MLG responsibilities to identify and correct
11.38 and 11.19. attachment. This AD requires actions unsafe conditions on U.S.-certificated
that are intended to address the unsafe products.
The Special Conditions
condition described in the MCAI.
Accordingly, pursuant to the This AD references the MCAI and
DATES: This AD becomes effective
authority delegated to me by the related service information that we
February 23, 2007. considered in forming the engineering
Administrator, the following special The Director of the Federal Register
conditions are issued as part of the type basis to correct the unsafe condition.
approved the incorporation by reference
certification basis for the ATG Javelin The AD contains text copied from the
of certain documents listed in this AD
Model 100. MCAI and for this reason might not
as of February 23, 2007.
1. Protection of Electrical and We must receive comments on this follow our plain language principles.
Electronic Systems from High Intensity AD by March 12, 2007. Discussion
Radiated Fields (HIRF). Each system ADDRESSES: You may send comments by
that performs critical functions must be The European Aviation Safety Agency
any of the following methods:
designed and installed to ensure that the • DOT Docket Web Site: Go to (EASA), which is the Technical Agent
operations, and operational capabilities http://dms.dot.gov and follow the for the Member States of the European
of these systems to perform critical instructions for sending your comments Community, has issued Emergency
functions, are not adversely affected electronically. Airworthiness Directive 2006–0372–E,
when the airplane is exposed to high • Fax: (202) 493–2251. dated December 14, 2006 (referred to
intensity radiated electromagnetic fields • Mail: Docket Management Facility, after this as ‘‘the MCAI’’), to correct an
external to the airplane. U.S. Department of Transportation, 400 unsafe condition for the specified
2. For the purpose of these special Seventh Street, SW., Nassif Building, products. The MCAI states that during
conditions, the following definition Room PL–401, Washington, DC 20590– routine visual inspection, a crack has
applies: 0001. been found in the wing MLG (main
Critical Functions: Functions whose • Hand Delivery: Room PL–401 on landing gear) rib 5 aft bearing forward
failure would contribute to, or cause, a the plaza level of the Nassif Building, lug on two Model A310 in-service
failure condition that would prevent the 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, aircraft. Laboratory examination of one
continued safe flight and landing of the DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday of the cracked ribs confirmed that the
airplane. through Friday, except Federal holidays. crack is due to the presence of pitting
Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on January • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http:// corrosion in the forward lug holes. Also,
31, 2007. www.regulations.gov. Follow the on both aircraft medium to heavy
Kim Smith, instructions for submitting comments. corrosion was found in the forward lugs
Manager, Small Airplane Directorate, Aircraft on the opposite wing after removal of
Examining the AD Docket the bushings. Similar to Model A310
Certification Service.
You may examine the AD docket on aircraft, Model A300 and A300–600
[FR Doc. E7–2097 Filed 2–7–07; 8:45 am]
the Internet at http://dms.dot.gov; or in aircraft are also affected by this
BILLING CODE 4910–13–P
person at the Docket Management situation, which, if not detected, could
Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., affect the structural integrity of the MLG
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Monday through Friday, except Federal attachment. The aim of the MCAI is to
holidays. The AD docket contains this mandate repetitive detailed visual
Federal Aviation Administration AD, the regulatory evaluation, any inspections of wing MLG rib 5 aft
comments received, and other bearing forward lugs for detection of
14 CFR Part 39 information. The street address for the through cracks and corrective action
Docket Office (telephone (800) 647– (contacting Airbus and replacing
[Docket No. FAA–2007–27150; Directorate
5227) is in the ADDRESSES section. cracked lugs if necessary). The MCAI
Identifier 2006–NM–288–AD; Amendment
39–14929; AD 2007–03–18] Comments will be available in the AD notes that for Airbus Model A310
docket shortly after receipt. aircraft, refer to EASA Emergency
RIN 2120–AA64 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tom Airworthiness Directive 2006–0335–E,
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Stafford, Aerospace Engineer, issued November 3, 2006. In response to


Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model
International Branch, ANM–116, FAA, that MCAI, on December 7, 2006, we
A300 and A300–600 Airplanes
Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601 issued AD 2007–02–09, amendment 39–
AGENCY: Federal Aviation Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington 14896 (72 FR 2612, January 22, 2007),
Administration (FAA), Department of 98057–3356; telephone (425) 227–1622; to address this unsafe condition on
Transportation (DOT). fax (425) 227–1149. Model A310 airplanes. You may obtain

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