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Flexo e Compresso Axial

(N, My, Mz)


Geometria: Comprimento:
Z-Comp. De flmbagem eixo

Y-Comp. De flmbagem eixo

Comp. De Torso flmbage

Propriedades da seco
Seco

IPE550

Av,y

Av,z

31.84

35.25

2.3

3.77

tw

tf l

Iy

Iz

iy

iz
[cm]

[cm2]

[cm2]

[cm2]

[kg/m]

[cm]

[cm]

[cm]

[cm]

[cm4]

[cm4]

[cm]

134.00

76.14

71.93

106.00

21.00

55.00

1.11

1.72

67120.00

2670.00

22.30

Wel,y

Wel,z

Wpl,y

Wpl,z

Weff,y

Weff,z

S,y

S,z

I,T

i,p

I,W

4.45
Curvatura constante

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm4]

[cm]

[cm6]

2440

254

2780

401

1390

95

124

22.74

1884000

1884098

S235,275,355,420

S235,275,355,420

S460

S460

0.09

a=

0.46

Curva flmbagem em
Curva
Buckling curve about ytorno do eixo y-y:
flmbagem em
y axis:
torno do eixo zz:
a

0.21

0.34

1.52
LT buckling curve:

a0

2.4

0.13

0.49

Buckling curve about


z-z axis:

a0

Bending and Axial


Force: M, N

Analysis model:
Design Value: Normal Force (Tension (-))

kN

Design Value: Normal Force (Compression (+))

273

kN

Design Value: Bending Moment (Y-Y Axis)

67.5

kNm

Design Value: Bending Moment (Z-Z Axis)

kNm

Design Value: Torsional Moments

kNm

Design Value : Shear Force Vz

37.5

kN

Design Value : Shear Force Vy

kN

Partial Factors
M0 =
resistance of cross-sections
M1 =
resistance of members to buckling
resistance of cross-sections in tensio M2 =
fracture

1
1
1.25

Web:

Stress Distribution:

Flange:

sigma_1

4.63

kN/cm

2.04

kN/cm

sigma_2

-4.63

kN/cm

2.04

kN/cm

Material Grades

S235
fy,k =

235.00

=
=

1.00
-1.00
0.61

Web:

d / tw =

42.1

Flange:

c /tf =

4.39

N /mm

Classification of Cross Section:


Compression:

Classification for
compression

Bending

Web:

d / tw =

42.1

Flange:

c /tf =

4.39

Classification for
bending

Bending and
Compression

Elastic stress distribut

Web:

42.1

6.10

d / tw =
Flange:
c /tf =

Classification for
bending & compression

Resistance of Cross-Section
Plastic shear resistance:
Plastic shear resistance:
Bending resistance:
Bending resistance:
Compression resistance:

Vpl,z,Rd

=(Av,z*fy/Sqrt(3))/M0

975.93

Vpl,y,Rd
Mpl,y,Rd

=(Av,y*fy/Sqrt(3))/M0

1033.05

kN

=(Wpl,y*fy/M0

653.30

kNm

Mpl,z,Rd

=(Wpl,z*fy/M0

94.13

kNm

Npl,Rd

=(A*fy/M0

3149.00

kN

kN

don't consider

Consideration of shear buckling:

(hw/tw < 72*eps/1,2shear buckling!

Verification for Bending, Shear and Axial Force (no Buckling)


Checking VEz,d

< 0,5 *Vpl,z,Rd

Mpl,y,V,Rd

Checking VEy,d

< 0,5 *Vpl,y,Rd

Mpl,z,V,Rd =
Mpl,y,N,Vz,Rd

Checking NEd

< 0,25 *Npl,Rd

and NEd

< 0,5 *hw * tw * fy/1,0

Mpl,z,N,Vy,Rd

653.30

kNm

94.13

kNm

653.30

kNm

94.13

kNm

< 1

Pass!

< 1

Pass!

< 1

Pass!

< 1

Pass!

0.09
0.10
0.00
0.04
0.00

< 1

Pass!

(ME,y,d/Mpl,y,N,Vz,Rd)^2 + (MEz,d/Mpl,z,N,Vy,Rd )^( +n)=

0.01

< 1

Pass!

Checking NEd

< 0,25 *Npl,Rd

Compression:
Bending:

and NEd

< 0,5 *hw * tw * fy/1,0


NEd/Npl,Rd

Checking ME,yd/Mpl,y,Rd

Checking ME,zd/Mpl,z,Rd

Checking

Checking
VEz,d/Vpl,z,Rd
Shear:
Checking
VEy,d/Vpl,y,Rd
Shear:
Bending, Axial Force and Shear:

Stability Verifications:

n=

Norminal Buckling Length:

Lycr

6.00

Lzcr

6.00

Ny,cr

38642.97

kN

Nz,cr

1537.20

kN

93.90

0.29

1.44

0.55

1.74

0.98

0.37

Nb,y,Rd

3087.97

kN

Nb,z,Rd

1155.36

kN

Nb,Rd

1155.36

kN

< 1

Pass!

Elastic Critical Force for buckling mod

Verification against Buckling:

Checking

NEd/Nb,Rd

0.24

Verification against
Lateral Torsional Buckling:

(Bending)

C1

2.62

1.132
0.00
Mcr

64150

Calculating

LT

1.01

Calculating

LT

1.03

0.63

y LT

Calculating

Checking

> 2

LT

0.49

f
1.04

1.13

Calculating

Lateral torsional buckl Calculating


Resistance

Buckling
Curve

h /b

Mb,Rd

y,LT *Wy*fy/ M,1

MEd/Mb,Rd

kNcm

413.91

kNm

0.16

<= 1

Pass!

-1
0
-1

0.9

0.9

Verification against
Lateral Torsional Buckling:
(Bending and axial Compression)
Calculating Cmy

(1)

Calculating Cmz

(1)

Calculating CmLT

(1)

0.9

Calculating Kyy

0.91

Calculating Kyz

0.72

Calculating Kzy

0.95

Calculating Kzz

1.20

NE,d/( y *NRk) + kyy* (MyE,d+ My,Ed)/( LT*My,Rk) + kyz*(MzE,d+ Mz,Ed)/(Mz,Rk)

0.24

<= 1

Pass!

NE,d/( z *NRk) + kzy* (MyE,d+ My,Ed)/( LT*My,Rk) + kzz*(MzE,d+ Mz,Ed)/(Mz,Rk)

0.39

<= 1

Pass!

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)

0.9
0,6+0,4* >0,4
0,2+0,8* s >0,4
0,1-0,8* s >0,4
0,1(1- )-0,8* s >0,4
0,095-0,05* h
0,095+0,05* h
0,95+0,05* h (1+2 )
-0,8*as > 0,4
0,2(1- )-0,8* s >0,4
0,90+0,1* h
0,90+0,05* h (1+2 )

Fahnenblechanschluss
(Anschlsse fr Qz und N)

Achtung: Fahnenblechanschlsse sind in aussteifenden Systemen bzw. Bauteilen nicht zul

Eingabedaten:
Schrauben

M20- 4.6

Lochdurchmesser

HV
dL

22

mm

Grenzabscherkraft

VaR,d

68.5

[kN]

Grenzzugkraft

NR,d

62.3

[kN]

Anzahl der vertikalen Schraubenreihe


Anzahl der horizontalen Schraubenreihe

2
2

Fahnenblech
Blechdicke Fahnenblech
Stahlsorte Fahnenblech
Streckgrenze Fahnenblech

12
S235

mm

fy,k

240

N/mm

fy,d

218.18

N/mm

Abstand der vertikalen Schraubenr


Abstand der horizontalen Schraube

x
y

Abstand System-Anschlussprofil

eT

Randabstand Fahnenblech x Richtu


Randabstand Fahnenblech y Richtu

a
b

80
60

50
45

Anschlussprofil

80
60

mm
mm

80

mm

50
45

mm
mm

IPE500

Flanschdicke (Standardprofile)

tf

Flanschdicke (Schweiprofile)
Stahlsorte Anschlussprofil

tf

Streckgrenze Anschlussprofil

fy,k

240

N/mm

fy,d

218.18

N/mm

Flanschdicke fr die Berechnung

tf

16.00

mm

Profilhhe (Standardprofile)
Profilhhe (Schweiprofil)
Flanschdicke fr die Berechnung

h
h
h

500

mm
mm
mm

Stegdicke (Standardprofile)
Stegdicke (Schweiprofil)
Stegdicke fr die Berechnung

t
t
t

Randabstand Anschlussprofil x - Ri

e1

16

mm
mm

S235

e2
Randabstand Anschlussprofil y - Ri
Anschluss an OG Abfangprofil ( ja = 1, nein = 0)

500.00
10.2
10.20

mm
mm
mm

50

50

mm

60

60
0

mm

Abfangprofil

IPE300

Stegdicke (Standardprofile)

tw

Stegdicke (Schweiprofil)

tw

7.1

mm
mm

tw
Stegdicke fr die Berechnung
Steifer oder durchgebundener Anschluss ( ja = 1, nei
Stahlsorte Abfangprofil
fy,k
Streckgrenze Abfangprofil

7.10
0
S355

mm

360

N/mm

fy,d

327.27

N/mm

fu,b,k
fy,b,k

400
240

N/mm
N/mm

fu,k
fy,k

360
240

N/mm
N/mm

Lochleibungsbeanspruchbarkeit
Schrauben:
Anschublech

e
b

45

mm

0.66

k1

2.5

mm

e3
t

=
=

60
12

mm
mm

Fb,Rd

101.65

-0.74

Vl,R,d

-41

kN

Randabstand (mm)
e1

kN

len nicht zulssig

Steel

S235
S355

Yield
Strength
fy,k

Tensile
Strength
fu,k

Elastiv
Modulus

Shear
Modulus

[N/mm]

E
[N/mm]

G
[N/mm]

[N/mm]
240
360

360
510

210000
210000

81000
81000

Thread
Diameter

Strength
Class

Shank
Diameter
ds

Shank
Area

Coefficient of
Thermic Expansion
T

Specific
Weight

[1/K]

g
[kN/mm]

1.20E-05
1.20E-05

7.85E-08
7.85E-08

Effective Area
s

Washer
Diameter
dW

[mm]

[mm]

157
245
157
245

30
37
30
37

Schraubenanzahl
1
2
3

Bolts

M16-8.8
M20-8.8
M16-10.9
M20-10.9

d
[mm]

[-]

[mm]

A
[mm]

16
20
16
20

8.8
8.8
10.9
10.9

16
20
16
20

201
314
201
314

ja
nein
Bolt
M12 - 10.9
M12 - 5.6
M12 - 8.8
M12- 4.6
M16 - 10.9
M16 - 5.6
M16 - 8.8
M16- 4.6
M20 - 10.9
M20 - 5.6
M20 - 8.8
M20- 4.6
M22 - 10.9
M22 - 5.6
M22 - 8.8
M22- 4.6
M24 - 10.9
M24 - 5.6
M24 - 8.8

Schaft in der Scherfuge


NR,d
VaR,d
dL
61.3
28
49
22.4
114
49.8
91.3
39.9
178
77.9
143
62.3
220
94.2
176
75.4
257
112
205

56.5
30.8
49.3
24.7
101
54.8
87.7
43.9
157
85.6
137
68.5
190
104
166
82.9
226
123
197

13
13
13
13
18
18
18
18
22
22
22
22
24
24
24
24
26
26
26

Gewinde in der Scherfug


fyk
900
300
640
240
900
300
640
240
900
300
640
240
900
300
640
240
900
300
640

fubk
1000
500
800
400
1000
500
800
400
1000
500
800
400
1000
500
800
400
1000
500
800

dsch
12
12
12
12
16
16
16
16
20
20
20
20
22
22
22
22
24
24
24

M24- 4.6
M27 - 10.9
M27 - 5.6
M27 - 8.8
M27- 4.6
M30 - 10.9
M30 - 5.6
M30 - 8.8
M30- 4.6
M36 - 10.9
M36 - 5.6
M36 - 8.8
M36- 4.6

Strength Class

4.6
5.6
8.8
10.9

Schweinhte
Kehlnaht
Doppelkehlnaht
V-Naht

89.7
334
142
267
114
408
175
326
140
594
252
475
202

98.6
287
156
250
125
354
193
309
154
509
278
444
222

Yield
Strength
fy,b,k
[N/mm]

Tensile
Strength
fu,b,k
[N/mm]

240
300
640
900

400
500
800
1000

26
30
30
30
30
33
33
33
33
39
39
39
39

240
900
300
640
240
900
300
640
240
900
300
640
240

Number of
Bolts
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28

400
1000
500
800
400
1000
500
800
400
1000
500
800
400

24
27
27
27
27
30
30
30
30
36
36
36
36

HV-Naht
Y-Naht
HY-Naht
DV-Naht
DHV-Naht
DY-Naht
DHY-Naht

validity
parameter

M_16_8
M_20_8
M_16_10
M_20_10
SLP-Verbindung: Scher-Lochleibungsverbindung ohne Lochspiel
SL-Verbindung: Scher-Lochleibungsverbindung mit Lochspiel

Gewinde in der Scherfuge


VaR,d
As (cm)
33.7
23
36.8
18.4
62.8
42.8
68.5
34.3
98
66.8
107
53.5
121
82.6
132
66.1
141
96.3
154

0.84
0.84
0.84
0.84
1.57
1.57
1.57
1.57
2.45
2.45
2.45
2.45
3.03
3.03
3.03
3.03
3.53
3.53
3.53

,a
0.55
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.55
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.55
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.55
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.55
0.6
0.6

A cm (Schaft in der Scherfuge)


1.13
1.13
1.13
1.13
2.01
2.01
2.01
2.01
3.14
3.14
3.14
3.14
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
4.52
4.52
4.52

77
184
125
200
100
224
153
245
122
327
223
357
178

3.53
4.59
4.59
4.59
4.59
5.61
5.61
5.61
5.61
8.17
8.17
8.17
8.17

0.6
0.55
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.55
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.55
0.6
0.6
0.6

4.52
5.73
5.73
5.73
5.73
7.07
7.07
7.07
7.07
10.18
10.18
10.18
10.18

Preference List of Chinese Welded Steel Sections & WIDE FLANGE BEA
Standard Sectional Dimension
H

t1

t2

r / hf

mm

HWS350*175*10*16
HWS350*200*10*16
HWS350*250*10*16
HWS350*300*10*16
HWS350*300*10*18
HWS350*350*10*16
HWS350*350*10*18
HWS350*350*12*20
HWS400*200*10*16
HWS400*200*10*18
HWS400*200*10*20
HWS400*250*10*16
HWS400*250*10*18
HWS400*250*10*20
HWS400*300*10*16
HWS400*300*10*18
HWS400*300*10*20
HWS400*300*12*20
HWS450*250*10*16
HWS450*250*10*18
HWS450*250*10*20
HWS450*250*12*22
HWS450*250*12*25
HWS450*300*10*16
HWS450*300*10*18
HWS450*300*10*20
HWS450*300*12*20
HWS450*300*12*25
HWS500*250*10*16
HWS500*250*10*18
HWS500*250*10*20
HWS500*250*12*22
HWS500*250*12*25
HWS500*300*10*16
HWS500*300*10*18
HWS500*300*10*20
HWS500*300*12*22
HWS500*300*12*25
HWS600*300*10*16
HWS600*300*10*18
HWS600*300*10*20
HWS600*300*12*22

0
350
350
350
350
350
350
350
350
400
400
400
400
400
400
400
400
400
400
450
450
450
450
450
450
450
450
450
450
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
600
600
600
600

0
175
200
250
300
300
350
350
350
200
200
200
250
250
250
300
300
300
300
250
250
250
250
250
300
300
300
300
300
250
250
250
250
250
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300

0.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
12.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
12.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
12.0
12.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
12.0
12.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
12.0
12.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
12.0
12.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
12.0

0.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
18.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
20.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
22.0
25.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
20.0
25.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
22.0
25.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
22.0
25.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
22.0

0
6
6
6
6
7
6
7
8
6
7
7
6
7
7
6
7
7
8
6
7
7
8
8
6
7
7
8
8
6
7
7
8
8
6
7
7
8
8
6
7
7
8

Sectional
Area

Unit
Weight

cm2

kg/m

0
87.8
95.8
111.0
127.0
139.0
143.0
157.0
177.0
100.0
108.0
116.0
116.0
126.0
136.0
132.0
144.0
156.0
163.0
121.0
131.0
141.0
158.0
173.0
137.0
149.0
161.0
169.0
198.0
126.0
136.0
146.0
164.0
179.0
142.0
154.0
166.0
186.0
204.0
152.0
164.0
176.0
198.0

0
68.9
75.2
87.8
100.0
109.0
113.0
124.0
139.0
79.1
85.1
91.1
91.7
99.2
107.0
104.0
113.0
122.0
128.0
95.6
103.0
111.0
125.0
136.0
108.0
117.0
126.0
133.0
155.0
99.5
107.0
115.0
129.0
141.0
112.0
121.0
130.0
147.0
160.0
120.0
129.0
138.0
156.0

Moment of Inertia
Ix

Iy

Radius of Gyration
ix

cm4

0
18309
20542
25008
29473
32369
33939
37334
41140
27759
30304
32794
33661
36876
40021
39562
43447
47248
48025
43774
47927
52001
57112
62910
51312
56330
61253
62402
74212
55410
60621
65744
72359
79685
64783
71081
77271
84934
93800
97144
106435
115594
127488

cm

0
1431
2135
4169
7202
8102
11435
12865
14296
2136
2403
2669
4169
4690
5211
7203
8103
9003
9005
4170
4690
5211
5735
6516
7203
8103
9003
9005
11255
4170
4691
5212
5735
6516
7203
8103
9003
9906
11256
7204
8104
9004
9908

0
14.4
14.6
15.0
15.2
15.2
15.4
15.4
15.2
16.6
16.7
16.8
17.0
17.1
17.1
17.3
17.3
17.4
17.1
19.0
19.1
19.2
19.0
19.0
19.3
19.4
19.5
19.2
19.3
20.9
21.1
21.2
21.0
21.0
21.3
21.4
21.5
21.3
21.4
25.2
25.4
25.6
25.3

HWS600*300*12*25
HWS700*300*10*18
HWS700*300*10*20
HWS700*300*10*25
HWS700*300*12*22
HWS700*300*12*25
HWS700*300*12*28
HWS700*300*12*30
HWS700*300*12*35
HWS800*300*10*18
HWS800*300*10*20
HWS800*300*10*25
HWS800*300*12*22
HWS800*300*12*25
HWS800*300*12*28
HWS800*300*12*30
HWS800*300*12*35
HWS900*300*10*20
HWS900*300*12*20
HWS900*300*12*22
HWS900*300*12*25
HWS900*300*12*28
HWS900*300*14*30
HWS900*300*16*35
HWS1000*300*10*20
HWS1000*300*12*20
HWS1000*300*12*22
HWS1000*300*12*25
HWS1000*300*12*28
HWS1000*300*12*30
HWS1000*300*14*35
HWS1000*300*14*40
HWS1000*300*16*35
HWS1000*300*16*40
HWS1100*300*12*20
HWS1100*300*12*22
HWS1100*300*12*25
HWS1100*300*12*28
HWS1100*300*14*30
HWS1100*300*14*35
HWS1100*300*16*40
H148*100*6*9
H150*75*5*7
H150*150*7*10
H194*150*6*9
H198*99*4.5*7
H200*100*5.5*8
H200*200*8*12
H200*204*12*12
H208*202*10*16
H244*175*7*11

600
700
700
700
700
700
700
700
700
800
800
800
800
800
800
800
800
900
900
900
900
900
900
900
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
1100
148
150
150
194
198
200
200
200
208
244

300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
100
75
150
150
99
100
200
204
202
175

12.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
10.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
14.0
16.0
10.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
14.0
14.0
16.0
16.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
14.0
14.0
16.0
6
5
7
6
4.5
5.5
8
12
10
7

25.0
18.0
20.0
25.0
22.0
25.0
28.0
30.0
35.0
18.0
20.0
25.0
22.0
25.0
28.0
30.0
35.0
20.0
20.0
22.0
25.0
28.0
30.0
35.0
20.0
20.0
22.0
25.0
28.0
30.0
35.0
40.0
35.0
40.0
20.0
22.0
25.0
28.0
30.0
35.0
40.0
9
7
10
9
7
8
12
12
16
11

8
7
7
8
8
8
8
9
9
7
7
8
8
8
8
9
9
7
8
8
8
8
9
10
7
8
8
8
8
9
9
10
11
11
8
8
8
8
9
9
11
11
8
11
13
11
11
13
13
13
16

216.0
174.0
186.0
215.0
210.0
228.0
245.0
256.0
285.6
184.0
196.0
225.0
222.0
240.0
257.0
268.0
297.6
206.0
223.2
234.7
252.0
269.3
297.6
342.8
206.0
223.2
234.7
252.0
269.3
280.8
326.2
354.8
342.8
371.2
247.2
258.7
276.0
293.3
325.6
354.2
403.2
26.84
17.85
40.14
39.01
23.18
27.16
63.53
71.53
83.69
56.24

170.0
137.0
146.0
169.0
165.0
179.0
193.0
202.0
224.2
145.0
154.0
177.0
175.0
188.0
202.0
211.0
233.6
161.7
175.2
184.3
197.8
211.4
233.6
269.1
161.7
175.2
184.3
197.8
211.4
220.4
256.1
278.5
269.1
291.4
194.1
203.1
216.7
230.2
255.6
278.0
316.5
21.1
14
31.5
30.6
18.2
21.3
49.9
56.2
65.7
44.1

140700
150008
162718
193822
179979
198400
216484
228354
257173
202302
219141
260468
243005
267500
291606
307462
346145
285325
295926
317114
348522
379482
409754
469056
285325
295926
317114
348522
379482
399875
495927
508086
469056
517276
469022
501246
549122
596447
646439
722953
815654
1020
666
1640
2690
1580
1840
4720
4980
6530
6120

11257
8105
9005
11255
9909
11259
12609
13509
15750
8106
9006
11256
9910
11260
12610
13510
15750
9000
9000
9900
11250
12600
13500
15750
9000
9000
9900
11250
12600
13500
15750
18000
15750
18000
9000
9900
11250
12600
13500
15750
18000
151
49.5
563
507
114
134
1600
1700
2200
984

25.5
29.3
29.5
30.0
29.2
29.4
29.7
29.8
30.0
33.1
33.4
34.0
33.0
33.3
33.6
33.8
34.1
37.2
36.4
36.8
37.2
37.5
37.1
37.0
37.2
36.4
36.8
37.2
37.5
37.7
37.5
37.8
37.0
37.3
43.6
44.0
44.6
45.1
44.6
45.2
45.0
6.17
6.11
6.39
8.3
8.26
8.24
8.62
8.35
8.83
10.4

H244*252*11*11
H248*124*5*8
H248*249*8*13
H250*125*6*9
H250*250*9*14
H250*255*14*14
H294*200*8*12
H294*302*12*12
H298*149*5.5*8
H298*201*9*14
H298*299*9*14
H300*150*6.5*9
H300*300*10*15
H300*305*15*15
H304*301*11*17
H310*305*15*20
H310*310*20*20

244
248
248
250
250
250
294
294
298
298
298
300
300
300
304
310
310

252
124
249
125
250
255
200
302
149
201
299
150
300
305
301
305
310

11
5
8
6
9
14
8
12
5.5
9
9
6.5
10
15
11
15
20

11
8
13
9
14
14
12
12
8
14
14
9
15
15
17
20
20

16
12
16
12
16
16
18
18
13
18
18
13
18
18
18
18
18

82.06
32.68
84.7
37.66
92.18
104.7
72.38
107.7
40.8
83.36
110.8
46.78
119.8
134.8
134.8
165.3
180.8

64.4
25.7
66.5
29.6
72.4
82.2
56.8
84.5
32
65.4
87
36.7
94
106
106
130
142

8790
3540
9930
4050
10800
11500
11300
16900
6320
13300
18800
7210
20400
21500
23400
28150
29390

2940
255
3350
294
3650
3880
1600
5520
442
1900
6240
508
6750
7100
7730
9460
9940

10

10.3
10.4
10.8
10.4
10.8
10.5
12.5
12.5
12.4
12.6
13
12.4
13.1
12.6
13.2
13.2
12.8

11

DE FLANGE BEAMS
Radius of Gyration Modulus of Section
iy

Zx

cm

Zy

cm3

0
4.0
4.7
6.1
7.5
7.6
8.9
9.1
9.0
4.6
4.7
4.8
6.0
6.1
6.2
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.4
5.9
6.0
6.1
6.0
6.1
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.3
7.5
5.8
5.9
6.0
5.9
6.0
7.1
7.3
7.4
7.3
7.4
6.9
7.0
7.2
7.1

0
1046
1173
1429
1684
1849
1939
2133
2350
1387
1515
1639
1683
1843
2001
1978
2172
2362
2401
1945
2130
2311
2538
2796
2280
2503
2722
2773
3298
2216
2424
2629
2894
3187
2591
2843
3090
3397
3752
3238
3547
3853
4249

Stability parameters for upper notched beam

0
163
213
333
480
540
653
735
816
213
240
266
333
375
416
480
540
600
600
333
375
416
458
521
480
540
600
600
750
333
375
416
458
521
480
540
600
660
750
480
540
600
660

S235

S355

0.5

0.5

Nd / Vz,d

Nd / Vz,d

Nd / Vz,d

Nd / Vz,d

Nd / Vz,d

7.2
6.8
7.0
7.2
6.9
7.0
7.2
7.3
7.4
6.6
6.8
7.1
6.7
6.8
7.0
7.1
7.3
6.6
6.4
6.5
6.7
6.8
6.7
6.8
6.6
6.4
6.5
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.9
7.1
6.8
7.0
6.0
6.2
6.4
6.6
6.4
6.7
6.7
2.37
1.66
3.75
3.61
2.21
2.22
5.02
4.88
5.13
4.18

4690
4285
4649
5537
5142
5668
6185
6524
7348
5057
5478
6511
6075
6687
7290
7686
8654
6341
6576
7047
7745
8433
9106
10423
6341
6576
7047
7745
8433
8886
10212
11291
10423
11495
8528
9114
9984
10844
11753
13145
14830
138
88.8
219
277
160
184
472
498
628
502

750
540
600
750
660
750
840
900
1
540
600
750
660
750
840
900
1
600
600
660
750
840
900
600
600
600
660
750
840
900
1,050
1,200
1,050
1,200
600
660
750
840
900
1,050
1,200
30.1
13.2
75.1
67.6
23
26.8
160
167
218
113

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
93%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

5.98
2.79
6.29
2.79
6.29
6.09
4.71
7.16
3.29
4.77
7.5
3.29
7.51
7.26
7.57
7.6
7.5

12

720
285
801
324
867
919
771
1150
424
893
1270
481
1360
1440
1540
1810
1890

13

233
41.1
269
47
292
304
160
365
59.3
189
417
67.7
450
466
514
620
642

14

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
91%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
78%
100%
100%
93%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

15

16

100%
82%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
70%
100%
100%
83%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
94%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
85%
100%
100%
99%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

17

18

100%
76%
100%
93%
100%
100%
100%
100%
65%
100%
100%
78%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

19

d beam

Stability parameters for double notched beam

S355

S235

S355

0.5

0.5

Nd / Vz,d

Nd / Vz,d

Nd / Vz,d

Nd / Vz,d

Nd / Vz,d

Nd / Vz,d

Nd / Vz,d

100%
100%
100%
100%
83%
94%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
68%
100%
83%
100%
100%
89%
100%
58%
100%
100%
69%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

20

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
94%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

21

22

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
87%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
89%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

23

24

100%
91%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
79%
100%
100%
91%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

100%
85%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
73%
100%
100%
85%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%

25

26

CROSS SECTION PROFILES


1

HE1000A
HE1000B
HE1000M
HE100A
HE100B
HE100M
HE120A
HE120B
HE120M
HE140A
HE140B
HE140M
HE160A
HE160B
HE160M
HE180A
HE180B
HE180M
HE200A
HE200B
HE200M
HE220A
HE220B
HE220M
HE240A
HE240B
HE240M
HE260A
HE260B
HE260M
HE280A
HE280B
HE280M
HE300A
HE300B
HE300M
HE320A
HE320B
HE320M
HE340A
HE340B

Av,y

Av,z

tw

tfl

[cm2]

[cm2]

[cm2]

[kg/m]

[cm]

[cm]

[cm]

[cm]

347
400
444

193.67
225.31
252.31

184.71
212.44
234.8

21.2
26
53.2

7.52
9
18

25.3
34
66.4

16.85
21.08
45.28
20.05
27.6
55.98

8.42
10.95
21.15

31.4
43
80.6

24.76
34.93
67.49

10.11
13.12
24.5

38.8
54.3
97.1

30.06
43.44
80.42

13.24
17.64
30.86

45.3
65.3
113

35.46
52.4
93.56

14.52
20.29
34.4

53.8
78.1
131

41.59
62.43
107.95

18.05
24.85
40.75

64.3
91
149

50.15
73.01
122.71

20.63
27.88
44.87

76.8
106
200

59.74
84.7
165.74

25.14
33.24
60.48

86.8
118
220

67.36
94.4
181.76

28.74
37.15
67.25

97.3
131
240

75.36
104.42
197.94

31.78
40.73
71.86

113
149
303

87.02
118.18
251.88

37.75
47.35
90.45

124
161
312

96.24
127.43
257.28

40.76
51.43
94.8

133
171

102.47
133.68

44.48
56.19

272.0
314.0
349.0
16.7
20.4
41.8
19.9
26.7
52.1
24.7
33.7
63.2
30.4
42.6
76.2
35.5
51.2
88.9
42.3
61.3
103.0
50.5
71.5
117.0
60.3
83.2
157.0
68.2
93.0
172.0
76.4
103.0
189.0
88.3
117.0
238.0
97.6
127.0
245.0
105.0
134.0

30
30
30.2

99
100
100.8

1.65
1.9
2.1

3.1
3.6
4

10
10
10.6

9.6
10
12

0.5
0.6
1.2

0.8
1
2

12
12
12.6

11.4
12
14

0.5
0.65
1.25

0.8
1.1
2.1

14
14
14.6

13.3
14
16

0.55
0.7
1.3

0.85
1.2
2.2

16
16
16.6

15.2
16
18

0.6
0.8
1.4

0.9
1.3
2.3

18
18
18.6

17.1
18
20

0.6
0.85
1.45

0.95
1.4
2.4

20
20
20.6

19
20
22

0.65
0.9
1.5

1
1.5
2.5

22
22
22.6

21
22
24

0.7
0.95
1.55

1.1
1.6
2.6

24
24
24.8

23
24
27

0.75
1
1.8

1.2
1.7
3.2

26
26
26.8

25
26
29

0.75
1
1.8

1.25
1.75
3.25

28
28
28.8

27
28
31

0.8
1.05
1.85

1.3
1.8
3.3

30
30
31

29
30
34

0.85
1.1
2.1

1.4
1.9
3.9

30
30
30.9

31
32
35.9

0.9
1.15
2.1

1.55
2.05
4

30
30

33
34

0.95
1.2

1.65
2.15

HE340M
HE360A
HE360B
HE360M
HE400A
HE400B
HE400M
HE450A
HE450B
HE450M
HE500A
HE500B
HE500M
HE550A
HE550B
HE550M
HE600A
HE600B
HE600M
HE650A
HE650B
HE650M
HE700A
HE700B
HE700M
HE800A
HE800B
HE800M
HE900A
HE900B
HE900M
I100
I120
I140
I160
I180
I200
I220
I240
I260
I280
I300
I330
I340
I360
I380
I400
I450
I475
I500
I550

316

257.28

98.8

143
181
319

108.7
139.94
256.48

49.2
60.96
102.6

159
198
326

118.18
149.47
255.68

57.35
70.2
110.4

178
218
335

130.43
161.74
255.68

65.75
79.68
119.4

198
239
344

142.68
174.02
254.88

75.18
90.18
129.2

212
254
354

148.94
180.3
254.88

83.96
100.01
139.2

226
270
364

155.2
186.59
254.08

92.75
110.85
150

242
286
374

161.47
192.88
254.08

103.55
121.7
160

260
306
383

168.02
199.48
253.28

116.5
136.72
169.8

286
334
404

174.75
206.31
253.11

139
161.57
194

321
371
424

187.36
218.97
252.31

10.6
14.2
18.2
22.8
27.9
33.4
39.5
46.1
53.3
61
69
77.7
86.7
97
107
118
147
163
179
212

7.2
9.45
12
14.85
18.01
21.47
25.22
29.29
33.63
38.22
42.83
47.97
53.12
59.15
64.84
71.11
87.87
96.98
106.38
127.22

30.9

37.7

2.4

30
30
30.8

35
36
39.5

1
1.25
2.1

1.75
2.25
4

30
30
30.7

39
40
43.2

1.1
1.35
2.1

1.9
2.4
4

30
30
30.7

44
45
47.8

1.15
1.4
2.1

2.1
2.6
4

30
30
30.6

49
50
52.4

1.2
1.45
2.1

2.3
2.8
4

30
30
30.6

54
55
57.2

1.25
1.5
2.1

2.4
2.9
4

30
30
30.5

59
60
62

1.3
1.55
2.1

2.5
3
4

30
30
30.5

64
65
66.8

1.35
1.6
2.1

2.6
3.1
4

30
30
30.4

69
70
71.6

1.45
1.7
2.1

2.7
3.2
4

30
30
30.3

79
80
81.4

1.5
1.75
2.1

2.8
3.3
4

163.8
188.48
214.8

248.0
112.0
142.0
250.0
125.0
155.0
256.0
140.0
171.0
263.0
155.0
187.0
270.0
166.0
199.0
278.0
178.0
212.0
285.0
190.0
225.0
293.0
204.0
241.0
301.0
224.0
262.0
317.0
252.0
291.0
333.0

30
30
30.2

89
90
91

1.6
1.85
2.1

3
3.5
4

4.72
6.45
8.32
10.54
13
15.6
15.8
21.75
25.41
29.43
33.75
38.34
43.26
48.83
54.34
60.37
76.19
85
93.68
109.1

8.34
11.1
14.3
17.9
21.9
26.2
31.1
36.2
41.9
47.9
54.2
61
68
76.1
84
92.4
115.4
128
140.5
166.4

5
5.8
6.6
7.4
8.2
9
9.8
10.6
11.3
11.9
12.5
13.1
13.7
14.3
14.9
15.5
17
17.8
18.5
20

10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
45
47.5
50
55

0.45
0.51
0.57
0.63
0.69
0.75
0.81
0.87
0.94
1.01
1.08
1.15
1.22
1.3
1.37
1.44
1.62
1.71
1.8
1.9

0.68
0.77
0.86
0.95
1.04
1.13
1.22
1.31
1.41
1.52
1.62
1.73
1.83
1.95
2.05
2.16
2.43
2.56
2.7
3

I600
I600
I80
IPE100
IPE120
IPE140
IPE160
IPE180
IPE200
IPE220
IPE240
IPE270
IPE300
IPE330
IPE360
IPE400
IPE450
IPE500
IPE550
IPE600
IPE80

132
254
7.57
10.3
13.2
16.4
20.1
23.9
28.5
33.4
39.1
45.9
53.8
62.6
72.7
84.5
98.8
116
134
156
7.64

Welded Sections

79.66
148.65
5.26
6.73
8.57
10.62
12.84
15.32
17.99
21.3
24.83
28.97
33.67
38.71
45.26
51.15
58.34
67.18
76.14
87.92
5.12

67.58
135.68
3.3
5.06
6.3
7.62
9.67
11.2
14.02
15.91
19.13
22.09
25.67
30.8
35.11
42.73
50.82
60.35
71.93
83.8
3.57

104
199.4
5.94
8.1
10.4
12.9
15.8
18.8
22.4
26.2
30.7
36.1
42.2
49.1
57.1
66.3
77.6
90.7
106.0
122.0
6.0

16.3
21.5
4.2
5.5
6.4
7.3
8.2
9.1
10
11
12
13.5
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
4.6

42.5
60
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
27
30
33
36
40
45
50
55
60
8

1.53
2.16
0.39
0.41
0.44
0.47
0.5
0.53
0.56
0.59
0.62
0.66
0.71
0.75
0.8
0.86
0.94
1.02
1.11
1.2
0.38

2.3
3.24
0.59
0.57
0.63
0.69
0.74
0.8
0.85
0.92
0.98
1.02
1.07
1.15
1.27
1.35
1.46
1.6
1.72
1.9
0.52

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Iy

Iz

iy

iz

Wel,y

Wel,z

Wpl,y

Wpl,z

Weff,y

[cm4]

[cm4]

[cm]

[cm]

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm3]

553800
644700
722300

14000
16280
18460

40
40.1
40.3

6.35
6.38
6.45

11190
12890
14330

934
1090
1220

12820
14860
16560

1414.48
1716.27
1939.68

349
450
1140

134
167
399

4.06
4.16
4.63

2.51
2.53
2.74

72.8
89.9
190

26.8
33.5
75.3

83
104.2
236

41.14
51.42
116.31

606
864
2020

231
318
703

4.89
5.04
5.51

3.02
3.06
3.25

106
144
288

38.5
52.9
112

119.4
165.2
350

58.85
80.97
171.63

1030
1510
3290

389
550
1140

5.73
5.93
6.39

3.52
3.58
3.77

155
216
411

55.6
78.5
157

173.4
246
494

84.85
119.78
240.51

1670
2490
5100

616
889
1760

6.57
6.78
7.25

3.98
4.05
4.26

220
311
566

76.9
111
212

246
354
674

117.63
169.96
325.46

2510
3830
7480

925
1360
2580

7.45
7.66
8.13

4.52
4.57
4.77

294
426
748

103
151
277

324
482
884

156.49
231.01
425.19

3690
5700
10640

1340
2000
3650

8.28
8.54
9

4.98
5.07
5.27

389
570
967

134
200
354

430
642
1136

203.82
305.81
543.22

5410
8090
14600

1950
2840
5010

9.17
9.43
9.89

5.51
5.59
5.79

515
736
1220

178
258
444

568
828
1420

270.59
393.88
678.55

7760
11260
24290

2770
3920
8150

10.1
10.3
11

6
6.08
6.39

675
938
1800

231
327
657

744
1054
2120

351.69
498.42
1005.93

10450
14920
31310

3670
5130
10450

11
11.2
11.9

6.5
6.58
6.9

836
1150
2160

282
395
780

920
1282
2520

430.17
602.25
1192.47

13670
19270
39550

4760
6590
13160

11.9
12.1
12.8

7
7.09
7.4

1010
1380
2550

340
471
914

1112
1534
2960

518.13
717.57
1396.68

18260
25170
59200

6310
8560
19400

12.7
13
14

7.49
7.58
8

1260
1680
3480

421
571
1250

1384
1868
4080

641.17
870.14
1913.18

22930
30820
68130

6990
9240
19710

13.6
13.8
14.8

7.49
7.57
7.95

1480
1930
3800

466
616
1280

1628
2140
4440

709.74
939.1
1950.72

27690
36660

7440
9690

14.4
14.6

7.46
7.53

1680
2160

496
646

1850
2400

755.95
985.72

76370

19710

15.6

7.9

4050

1280

4720

1952.71

33090
43190
84870

7890
10140
19520

15.2
15.5
16.3

7.43
7.49
7.83

1890
2400
4300

526
676
1270

2080
2680
4980

802.28
1032.49
1942.35

45070
57680
104100

8560
10820
19340

16.8
17.1
17.9

7.34
7.4
7.7

2310
2880
4820

571
721
1260

2560
3240
5580

872.86
1104.04
1934.13

63720
79890
131500

9470
11720
19340

18.9
19.1
19.8

7.29
7.33
7.59

2900
3550
5500

631
781
1260

3220
3980
6340

965.53
1197.66
1939.2

86970
107200
161900

10370
12620
19150

21
21.2
21.7

7.24
7.27
7.46

3550
4290
6180

691
842
1250

3940
4820
7100

1058.51
1291.65
1932.02

111900
136700
198000

10820
13080
19160

23
23.2
23.6

7.15
7.17
7.35

4150
4970
6920

721
872
1250

4620
5600
7940

1106.9
1341.14
1937.31

141200
171000
237400

11270
13530
18980

25
25.2
25.6

7.05
7.08
7.22

4790
5700
7660

751
902
1240

5360
6420
8780

1155.66
1391.06
1930.38

175200
210600
281700

11720
13980
18980

26.9
27.1
27.5

6.97
6.99
7.13

5470
6480
8430

782
932
1240

6140
7320
9660

1204.79
1441.41
1935.67

215300
256900
329300

12180
14440
18800

28.8
29
29.3

6.84
6.87
7.01

6240
7340
9200

812
963
1240

7040
8320
10540

1256.74
1495.04
1928.78

303400
359100
442600

12640
14900
18630

32.6
32.8
33.1

6.65
6.68
6.79

7680
8980
10870

843
994
1230

8700
10220
12480

1312.26
1553.13
1930.39

422100
494100
570400

13550
15820
18450

36.3
36.5
36.7

6.5
6.53
6.6

9480
10980
12540

903
1050
1220

10820
12580
14440

1414.48
1658.34
1928.88

171
328
573
935
1450
2140
3060
4250
5740
7590
9800
12510
15700
19610
24010
29210
45850
56480
68740
99180

12.2
21.5
35.2
54.7
81.3
117
162
221
288
364
451
555
674
818
975
1160
1730
2090
2480
3490

4.01
4.81
5.61
6.4
7.2
8
8.8
9.59
10.4
11.1
11.9
12.7
13.5
14.2
15
15.7
17.7
18.6
19.6
21.6

1.07
1.23
1.4
1.55
1.71
1.87
2.02
2.2
2.32
2.45
2.56
2.67
2.8
2.9
3.02
3.13
3.43
3.6
3.72
4.02

34.2
54.7
81.9
117
161
214
278
354
442
542
653
782
923
1090
1260
1460
2040
2380
2750
3610

4.88
7.41
10.7
14.8
19.8
26
33.1
41.7
51
61.2
72.2
84.7
98.4
114
131
149
203
235
268
349

39.8
63.6
95.4
136
186.8
250
324
412
514
632
762
914
1080
1276
1482
1714
2400
2800
3240
4240

8.99
13.71
19.84
27.57
37.06
48.52
62.12
78.05
95.66
114.63
135.15
158.82
184.15
214.3
245.06
279.82
380.11
439.64
501.78
648.48

36970
139000
77.8
171
318
541
869
1320
1940
2770
3890
5790
8360
11770
16270
23130
33740
48200
67120
92080
80.1

1440
4670
6.29
15.9
27.7
44.9
68.3
101
142
205
284
420
604
788
1040
1320
1680
2140
2670
3390
8.49

16.7
23.4
3.2
4.07
4.9
5.74
6.58
7.42
8.26
9.11
9.97
11.2
12.5
13.7
15
16.5
18.5
20.4
22.3
24.3
3.24

3.3
4.3
0.91
1.24
1.45
1.65
1.84
2.05
2.24
2.48
2.69
3.02
3.35
3.55
3.79
3.95
4.12
4.31
4.45
4.66
1.05

1740
4630
19.5
34.2
53
77.3
109
146
194
252
324
429
557
713
904
1160
1500
1930
2440
3070
20

176
434
3
5.79
8.65
12.3
16.7
22.2
28.5
37.3
47.3
62.2
80.5
98.5
123
146
176
214
254
308
3.69

2040
5460
22.8
39.4
60.8
88.4
123.8
166.4
220
286
366
484
628
804
1020
1308
1702
2200
2780
3520
23.2

329.95
817.53
5.5
9.15
13.58
19.25
26.1
34.6
44.61
58.11
73.92
96.95
125.22
153.68
191.1
229
276.38
335.88
400.54
485.65
5.82

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

S235,275,355,420 S235,275,355,420

Weff,z

S,y

S,z

I,T

i,p

I,W

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm3]

[cm4]

[cm]

[cm6]

6410
7430
8280

348.75
405
456.02

41.5
52.1
118

10
12.5
28.09

59.7
82.6
175

14.4
19.8
41.67

86.7
123
247

20.83
29.4
58.62

123
177
337

28.8
41.6
79.22

162
241
442

38.47
56.7
103.79

215
321
568

50
75
132.61

284
414
710

66.55
96.8
166

372
527
1060

86.4
122.4
246.02

460
641
1260

105.63
147.88
291.79

556
767
1480

127.4
176.4
342.14

692
934
2040

157.5
213.75
468.49

814
1070
2220

174.38
230.63
477.4

925
1200

185.63
241.88

825.0
1260.0
1710
5.3
9.29
68.5
6.0
13.9
92
8.2
20.1
120
12.3
31.4
163
14.9
42.3
204
21.1
59.5
260
28.6
76.8
316
41.7
103.0
630
52.6
124.0
722
62.4
144.0
810
85.6
186.0
1410
108.0
226.0
1510
128.0
258.0

40.50 32074000
40.60 37637000
40.81 43015000
4.77
2581
4.87
3375
5.38
9925
5.75
6472
5.90
9410
6.40
24790
6.72
15060
6.93
22480
7.42
54330
7.68
31410
7.90
47940
8.41
108100
8.71
60210
8.92
93750
9.43
199300
9.66
108000
9.93
171100
10.43
346300
10.70
193300
10.96
295400
11.46
572700
11.75
328500
11.96
486900
12.72 1152000
12.78
516400
12.99
753700
13.76 1728000
13.81
14.02
14.79
14.74
15.05
16.12
15.53
15.74
16.80
16.22
16.43

785400
1130000
2520000
1200000
1688000
4386000
1512000
2069000
5004000
1824000
2454000

Buckling curve
about y-y axis:

Buckling curve
about z-z axis:

[-]
a
a
a
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b

[-]
b
b
b
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

2360

477.4

337.5
393.75
456.02

1510
149.0
293.0
1510
190.0
357.0
1520
245.0
442.0
1530
310.0
540.0
1540
353.0
602.0
1560
399.0
669.0
1570
450.0
741.0
1580
515.0
833.0
1590
599.0
949.0
1650
739.0
1140.0
1680

17.49
16.92
17.21
18.08
18.33
18.63
19.49
20.26
20.46
21.20
22.21
22.41
22.95
24.09
24.28
24.72
25.98
26.18
26.60
27.79
27.99
28.41
29.60
29.80
30.13
33.27
33.47
33.79
36.88
37.08
37.29

5585000
2177000
2883000
6137000
2942000
3817000
7410000
4146000
5258000
9252000
5643000
7018000
11187000
7189000
8856000
13516000
8978000
10965000
15908000
11027000
13363000
18650000
13352000
16064000
21398000
18290000
21840000
27775000
24962000
29461000
34746000

1040
1340
2490

196.88
253.13
474.32

1280
1620
2790

213.75
270
471.24

1610
1990
3170

236.25
282.5
471.24

1970
2410
3550

258.75
315
468.18

2310
2800
3970

270
326.25
468.18

2680
3210
4390

281.25
337.5
465.13

3070
3660
4830

292.5
348.75
465.13

3520
4160
5270

303.75
360
462.08

4350
5110
6240

315
371.25
459.05

5410
6290
7220
19.9
31.8
47.7
68
93.4
125
162
206
257
316
381
457
540
638
741
857
1200
1400
1620
2120

2.13
3.24
4.68
6.5
8.74
11.44
14.65
18.4
22.51
26.91
31.64
37.11
42.93
49.84
56.89
64.87
87.78
101.39
115.51
150

1.6
2.71
4.32
6.57
9.58
13.5
18.6
25
33.5
44.2
56.8
72.5
90.4
115
141
170
267
329
402
544

4.15
4.96
5.78
6.59
7.40
8.22
9.03
9.84
10.66
11.37
12.17
12.98
13.79
14.49
15.30
16.01
18.03
18.95
19.95
21.97

268
685
1540
3138
5924
10520
17760
28730
44070
64580
91850
128800
176300
240100
318700
419600
791100
1067000
1403000
2389000

a
b
b
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

b
c
c
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b

1020
2730
11.4
19.7
30.4
44.2
61.9
83.2
110
143
183
242
314
402
510
654
851
1100
1390
1760
11.6

76.39
187.21
1.3
2.16
3.23
4.6
6.22
8.28
10.63
13.91
17.64
23.24
30.09
36.8
45.88
54.67
65.88
80
94.82
114.95
1.38

216
813
0.87
1.2
1.7
2.5
3.6
4.8
7.0
9.1
12.9
16.0
20.2
28.3
37.5
51.4
67.1
89.7
124.0
166.0
0.7

17.02
23.79
3.33
4.25
5.11
5.97
6.83
7.70
8.56
9.44
10.33
11.60
12.94
14.15
15.47
16.97
18.95
20.85
22.74
24.74
3.41

587500
3821000
87.5
351
890
1980
3960
7430
12990
22670
37390
70580
125900
199100
313600
490000
791000
1249000
1884000
2846000
118.0

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b

27
S 460

Buckling
curve
about y-y
axis:
a0
a0
a0
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

[-]

28

29

30

S 460

Buckling
LT
curve
buckling
about z-z curve:
axis:
a0
a0
a0
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

[-]

c
c
c
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b

[-]

3
3
3
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7

31

32

33

###

a0
a
a
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0

a0
a
a
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0

a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0

a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0

b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
b
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
3
3
3
3
3
3
0.45
0.51
0.57
0.63
0.69
0.75
0.81
0.87
0.94
1.01
1.08
1.15
1.22
1.3
1.37
1.44
1.62
1.71
1.8
1.9

a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0

a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0
a0

c
c
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
b

1.53
2.16
0.39
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.9
0.9
1.2
1.2
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.8
1.8
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.4
2.4
0.5

Compression: N
Bending Moment: Only M
Bending and Axial Force: M, N

Standard and Steel Grade

t< 40 mm

EN 10025-2

fy (N/mm) fu (N/mm)

S235
S275
S355

235
275
355

40mm < t < 80 mm

360
430
510

fy (N/mm)

fu (N/mm)

215
255
335

360
410
470