Você está na página 1de 13

THE

FLANKER

SU-27

THE FLANKER SU-27

The Sukhoi Su-27 is a one-seat Mach-2 class jet fighter originally manufactured by the Soviet Union, and designed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau. It was intended as a direct competitor United States fourth generation fighters, with long 3,530 km range, heavy armament, sophisticated avionics and high agility. The Su-27 most often flies air superiority missions, but is able to perform almost all combat operations.

BACKGROUND:

In 1969 the Soviet Union felt the serious technological advantage of F-15 over existing Soviet fighters. F-15 is a better-balanced fighter with both good agility and sophisticated systems.

In response, the Soviet union issued a requirement for a Perspektivnyy Frontovoy Istrebite l (PFI, means an ADVANCED FRONTLINE FIGHTER). Specifications were extremely ambitious:

  • a) Long range

  • b) Good short-field performance

  • c) Excellent agility

  • d) Mach 2+ speed

  • e) Heavy armament. The aerodynamic design for the new aircraft was

largely carried out the Sukhoi design bureau .

by TsAGI in collaboration with

When the specification proved too challenging and costly for a single aircraft in the number needed, the PFI specification was split into two:

the LPFI (Lyogkyi PFI, Lightweight PFI) and the TPFI (Tyazholyi PFI, Heavy PFI). The LPFI program resulted in the MiG-29, a relatively short-range tactical fighter, while the TPFI produced the Su-27 and its various derivatives.

DESIGN :

It is a very large aircraft, and to minimize its weight its structure has a high percentage of titanium (about 30%). No composite materials were used. The swept wing blends into the fuselage at the leading edge extensions and is essentially a delta, although the tips are cropped for wingtip missile rails or ECM pods

The Su-27’s Lyulka AL-31F turbofan engines are widely spaced, both for safety reasons and to ensure uninterrupted airflow through the intakes. The space between the engines also provides additional lift, reducing wing loading. Movable guide vanes in the intakes allow Mach 2+ speeds, and help to maintain engine airflow at high alpha. A mesh screen over each intake prevents debris from being drawn into the engines during take-off.

The Su-27 had the Soviet Union’s first operational fly-by-wire control system. Combined with relatively low wing loading and powerful basic flight controls, it makes for an exceptionally agile aircraft, controllable even at very low speeds and high angles of attack. In air shows the aircraft has demonstrated its maneuverability with a Cobra (Pugachev’s Cobra) or dynamic deceleration - briefly sustained level flight at a 120° angle of attack. Thrust vectoring has also been tested (and is

incorporated on later Su-30MKI and Su-37 models), allowing the fighter to perform hard turns with almost no radius, incorporate vertical somersaults into level motion and limited nose-up hovering.

incorporated on later Su-30MKI and Su-37 models), allowing the fighter to perform hard turns with almostSaturn/Lyulka AL-31F turbofans , 122.8 kN (27,600 lbf) each Performance " id="pdf-obj-4-4" src="pdf-obj-4-4.jpg">

The Su-27 has a high-contrast tunable HUD and a Helmet mounted display capability, which, paired with the R-73 missile and the plane's superb agility make it one of the world's best dogfighter aircraft.

General characteristics

Crew: 1 or 2

Length: 21.9 m (72 ft)

Wingspan: 14.7 m (48 ft 3 in)

Leading edge sweep: 42°

Height: 5.92 m (19 ft 6 in)

Wing area: 62 m² (667 ft²)

Empty weight: 16,380 kg (36,100 lb)

Loaded weight: 23,430 kg (51,650 lb)

Max takeoff weight: 30,450 kg (67,100 lb)

Power plant: Saturn/Lyulka AL-31F turbofans, 122.8 kN (27,600 lbf) each

Performance

Maximum speed: Mach 2.35 (2,500 km/h, 1,550 mph) at altitude

Range: 3,530 km (2,070 mi) at altitude; (1,340 km / 800 mi at sea level)

Service ceiling: 18,500 m (62,523 ft)

Rate of climb: 300 m/s (64,000 ft/min)

Wing loading: 371 kg/m² (76 lb/ft²)

THE SUPER FLANKER

SU-35

The Sukhoi Su-35 is a heavy class, long-range & multi role fighter. Due to the similar features and components it contains, the Sukhoi Su-35 is considered to be a close cousin of the Sukhoi Su-30MKI, a specialized version of the Su-30 for India. It has been further developed into the Su- 35BM. The Su-35 is an advanced Su-27 derivative and was initially designated Su-27M.

DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT:

The Su-27M development began in the early 1980s. A Su-27M prototype (T-10S-70) first flew in 1988. Changes from the Su-27 include canards, upgraded engines, new radar, and a digital fly by wire flight control system. Other changes made were glass cockpit, aerial refueling probe, twin-wheel nose gear, more powerful radar, two additional under wing pylons, additional fuel capacity, and larger tail fins with horizontal carbon fiber tips.

The first prototype was publicly displayed in 1992 at the Farnborough Air show.

General characteristics :

Crew: 1

Length: 21.9 m (72.9 ft)

Wingspan: 15.3 m (50.2 ft)

Height: 5.90 m (19.4 ft)

Wing area: 62.0 m² (667 ft²)

Empty weight: 18,400 kg (40,500 lb)

Loaded weight: 25,300 kg (56,660 lb)

Max takeoff weight: 34,500 kg (76,060 lb)

Powerplant: 2× Saturn 117S with TVC nozzle turbofan

Dry thrust: 8,800 kg (86.3 kN, 19,400 lbf) each

Thrust with afterburner: 14,500 kgf (142 kN, 31,900 lbf) each

Performance:

Maximum speed: Mach 2.25(2,410 km/h, 1,500 mph) at altitude

Range: 3,600 km (1,940 nmi) ; (1,580 km, 850 nmi near ground level)

Ferry range: 4,500 km (2,430 nmi) with external fuel tanks

Service ceiling: 18,000 m (59,100 ft)

Rate of climb: >280 m/s (>55,100 ft/min)

Wing loading: 408 kg/m² (84.9 lb/ft²)

Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker- E / Super Flanker) Sukhoi Su-27 (Flanker) MODEL ORIGIN Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker-E /
Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker- E / Super Flanker) Sukhoi Su-27 (Flanker) MODEL ORIGIN Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker-E /
Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker- E / Super Flanker) Sukhoi Su-27 (Flanker) MODEL ORIGIN Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker-E /

Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker- E / Super Flanker)

Sukhoi Su-27 (Flanker)

Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker- E / Super Flanker) Sukhoi Su-27 (Flanker) MODEL ORIGIN Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker-E /

MODEL

ORIGIN

Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker-E / Super Flanker) Russia

Sukhoi Su-27 (Flanker) Russia

CONTRACTO Sukhoi - Russia Sukhoi - USSR R
CONTRACTO
Sukhoi - Russia
Sukhoi - USSR
R

TYPE

Multi-role Fighter

Multirole Fighter

SERVICE 2009 1984 START
SERVICE
2009
1984
START

CREW

1

1

LENGTH

71.85 feet (21.90 meters)

71.98 feet (21.94 meters)

SPAN

50.20 feet (15.30 meters)

48.23 feet (14.70 meters)

HEIGHT

19.36 feet (5.90 meters)

19.46 feet (5.93 meters)

EMPTY WT

38,581 pounds (17,500 kilograms)

36,112 pounds (16,380 kilograms)

MTOW

167,684 pounds (76,060 kilograms)

72,753 pounds (33,000 kilograms)

POWERPLA

NT

2 x Saturn 117S TVC-nozzled turbofan engines with afterburner delivering 31,900lbf each.

2 x Saturn / Lyulka AL-31F turbofan engines with afterburn generating 27,557lbs of thrust.

SPEED

1,678 mph (2700 km/h) (1,458 kts)

1,553 mph (2500 km/h) (1,350 kts)

RANGE

2,796 miles (4,500 km)

2,287 miles (3,680 km)

CEILING

59,055 feet (18,000 m) (11.2 miles)

59,091 ft (18,011 m) (11.2 miles)

ARMAMENT

1 x 30mm Gun

1 x 30mm cannon

Mission-specific weaponry can include any of the following:

Mission-specific ordnance can include:

10 x AA-8 Aphid air-to-air missiles

R-27 air-to-air missiles R-40 air-to-air missiles R-60 air-to-air missiles R-73 air-to-air missiles R-77 air-to-air missiles Kh-25ML air-to-surface missiles Kh-25MP air-to-surface missiles Kh-29 air-to-surface missiles Kh-31 air-to-surface missiles Kh-59 air-to-surface missiles S-25 IR rockets GBU-500 laser-guided bombs GBU-1000 laser-guided bombs GBU-500T TV-guided bombs GBU-1000T TV-guided bombs

  • 10 x R-27R air-to-air missiles

  • 10 x R-27Ts IR Guided air-to-air missiles

  • 10 x R-27ERs semi-active radar air-to-air

missiles

  • 10 x R-27ETs IR-guided air-to-air missiles

  • 10 x R-73s air-to-air missiles

  • 10 x R-60s air-to-air missiles

6 x AA-10C Alamo air-to-air missiles

Relative Size Comparison:

Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker-E / Super Flanker)

Sukhoi Su-35 (Flanker-E / Super Flanker) <a href=Sukhoi Su-27 (Flanker) " id="pdf-obj-11-28" src="pdf-obj-11-28.jpg">