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Federal Register / Vol. 71, No.

168 / Wednesday, August 30, 2006 / Rules and Regulations 51459

functions are candidates for the List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 23 –217A, –217C, and –219 turbofan
application of HIRF requirements. A Aircraft, Aviation safety, Signs and engines. That AD currently requires
system may perform both critical and symbols. initial and repetitive visual inspections
non-critical functions. Primary for fretting and fluorescent magnetic
electronic flight display systems, and Citation particle inspections (FMPI) for cracking
their associated components, perform The authority citation for these in the area of the tierod holes on 8th
critical functions such as attitude, special conditions is as follows: stage high pressure compressor (HPC)
altitude, and airspeed indication. The front hubs (from here on, referred to as
Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113 and
HIRF requirements apply only to critical HPC front hubs) that have operated at
44701; 14 CFR 21.16 and 21.101; and 14 CFR
functions. 11.38 and 11.19. any time with PWA 110–21 coating.
Compliance with HIRF requirements This AD requires either replacing HPC
may be demonstrated by tests, analysis, The Special Conditions front hubs and HPC disks that have
models, similarity with existing Accordingly, pursuant to the operated at any time with PWA 110–21
systems, or any combination of these. authority delegated to me by the coating and that operated in certain
Service experience alone is not Administrator, the following special engine models, or, visually inspecting
acceptable since normal flight conditions are issued as part of the type and FMPI for cracking of those parts and
operations may not include an exposure certification basis for the Raytheon re-plating them if they pass inspection.
to the HIRF environment. Reliance on a Beech Model B–36TC airplane modified This AD also requires adding JT8D–1,
system with similar design features for by West Pacific Air LLC to add an EFIS. –1A, –1B, –7, –7A, –7B, –9, –9A, –11,
redundancy as a means of protection 1. Protection of Electrical and –15, –15A, –17, –17A, –17R, and –17AR
against the effects of external HIRF is Electronic Systems from High Intensity engines to the applicability. This AD
generally insufficient since all elements Radiated Fields (HIRF). Each system results from an investigation by PW,
of a redundant system are likely to be that performs critical functions must be which concluded that any HPC front
exposed to the fields concurrently. designed and installed to ensure that the hub or HPC disk coated with PWA 110–
operations, and operational capabilities 21 that ever operated on JT8D–15, –15A,
Applicability –17, –17A, –17R, –17AR, –209, –217,
of these systems to perform critical
As discussed above, these special functions, are not adversely affected –217A, –217C, and –219 turbofan
conditions are applicable to Raytheon when the airplane is exposed to high engines, could crack before reaching
Beech Model B–36TC airplane. Should intensity radiated electromagnetic fields their published life limit. We are issuing
West Pacific Air LLC apply at a later external to the airplane. this AD to prevent a rupture of an HPC
date for a supplemental type certificate 2. For the purpose of these special front hub or an HPC disk that could
to modify any other model on the same conditions, the following definition result in an uncontained engine failure
type certificate to incorporate the same applies: Critical Functions: Functions and damage to the airplane.
novel or unusual design feature, the whose failure would contribute to, or DATES: This AD becomes effective
special conditions would apply to that cause, a failure condition that would October 4, 2006. The Director of the
model as well under the provisions of prevent the continued safe flight and Federal Register approved the
§ 21.101. landing of the airplane. incorporation by reference of certain
publications listed in the regulations as
Conclusion Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on August
23, 2006. of October 4, 2006.
This action affects only certain novel David R. Showers, ADDRESSES: You can get the service
or unusual design features on one model Acting Manager, Small Airplane Directorate,
information identified in this AD from
of airplane. It is not a rule of general Aircraft Certification Service. Pratt & Whitney, 400 Main St., East
applicability and affects only the [FR Doc. E6–14457 Filed 8–29–06; 8:45 am]
Hartford, CT 06108, telephone (860)
applicant who applied to the FAA for 565–7700; fax (860) 565–1605.
BILLING CODE 4910–13–P
approval of these features on the You may examine the AD docket at
airplane. the FAA, New England Region, Office of
The substance of these special the Regional Counsel, 12 New England
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
conditions has been subjected to the Executive Park, Burlington, MA. You
notice and comment period in several Federal Aviation Administration may examine the service information, at
prior instances and has been derived the FAA, New England Region, Office of
without substantive change from those 14 CFR Part 39 the Regional Counsel, 12 New England
previously issued. It is unlikely that Executive Park, Burlington, MA.
[Docket No. 2001–NE–30-AD; Amendment
prior public comment would result in a FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
39–14728; AD 2006–17–07]
significant change from the substance Keith Lardie, Aerospace Engineer,
contained herein. For this reason, and RIN 2120–AA64 Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine
because a delay would significantly and Propeller Directorate, 12 New
affect the certification of the airplane, Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & England Executive Park, Burlington, MA
which is imminent, the FAA has Whitney JT8D–1, –1A, –1B, –7, –7A, 01803; telephone (781) 238–7189; fax
determined that prior public notice and –7B, –9, –9A, –11, –15, –15A, –17, (781) 238–7199.
comment are unnecessary and –17A, –17R, –17AR, –209, –217, –217A, SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FAA
impracticable, and good cause exists for –217C, and –219 Turbofan Engines proposed to amend 14 CFR Part 39 with
adopting these special conditions upon AGENCY: Federal Aviation a proposed AD. The proposed AD
issuance. The FAA is requesting Administration (FAA), DOT. applies to PW JT8D–209, –217, –217A,
comments to allow interested persons to –217C, and –219 turbofan engines. We
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ACTION: Final rule.


submit views that may not have been published the proposed AD in the
submitted in response to the prior SUMMARY: The FAA is superseding an Federal Register on December 30, 2005
opportunities for comment described existing airworthiness directive (AD) for (70 FR 77342). That action proposed to
above. Pratt & Whitney (PW) JT8D–209, –217, require either replacing HPC front hubs

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51460 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 168 / Wednesday, August 30, 2006 / Rules and Regulations

and HPC disks that have operated at any start the 8th stage HPC front hub Paragraphs 1. through 1.A, and 2.
time with PWA 110–21 coating and that inspection program over because all of through 2.C of that ASB only refer to
operated in certain engine models, or, the proposed actions required may not HPC front hubs that are coated with
visually inspecting and FMPI for have been performed previously. PWA 110–21.
cracking of those parts and re-plating Industry would be required to remove We agree. We clarified the wording in
them if they pass inspection. That previously inspected engines from this AD to indicate the correct
action also proposed to require adding service, reinspect the 8th stage HPC inspection procedure.
JT8D–1, –1A, –1B, –7, –7A, –7B, –9, front hub, and inspect and ‘‘overhaul’’
–9A, –11, –15, –15A, –17, –17A, –17R, the entire HPC stack at tremendous Limit in Table 2 and Table 4 Should Be
and –17AR engines to the applicability. expense and operational impact. Changed
We agree. All previous inspections
Examining the AD Docket before the effective date of this Three commenters state that the limit
You may examine the AD Docket superseding AD are acceptable. The in rows (iii) and (iv) of Table 2 and
(including any comments and service inspection schedule for all affected Table 4 of the proposed AD should be
information), by appointment, between disks is based only on the HPC front changed to match PW ASB JT8D A6430,
8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through hub inspection schedule. We will give Revision 2, dated December 23, 2004
Friday, except Federal holidays. See credit for all engines that previously and ASB JT8D A6468, dated December
ADDRESSES for the location. complied with AD 2003–23–14. 23, 2004. It appears that the intent was
However, from the time of the effective to mirror the compliance as specified in
Comments date of this AD, all HPC disks and hubs the ASBs, but as-written, the
We provided the public the stages 7-through-12 must be inspected compliance in rows (iii) and (iv) do not
opportunity to participate in the for disk fretting when the front hub is agree with the ASBs. Specifically, any
development of this AD. We have inspected. We added the following disk with fewer than 5,000 cycles-in-
considered the comments received. statement to compliance paragraph (e) service has conflicting requirements in
of this AD: ‘‘Any engine with an HPC rows (iii) and (iv).
Question the Need To Inspect Every
front hub that has been inspected using We agree and made that change in the
Stage of the Disks
AD 2002–23–14, AD 2003–12–07, or AD AD.
Two commenters question the need to 2003–16–05, is considered in
inspect disks from additional HPC compliance with this AD.’’ Request To Change ‘‘Hub Accessibility’’
stages. The commenters ask how many to ‘‘Shop Visit’’
instances of cracking, to what severity, Inspection Schedule Seems Too Short
in what types of coating, which an Interval One commenter requests that we
operators, and how many cycles were Three commenters state that the change the phrase ‘‘hub accessibility’’ to
accumulated. inspection schedule for where the front ‘‘shop visit’’ for determining the
We do not agree. Our data shows that hub is coated with Nickel-Cadmium and compliance schedule. The commenter
cracking was found in several HPC front the 8–9 spacer is coated with PWA 110– points out that we defined ‘‘shop visit’’
hubs, as well as in other stages, if any 21 seems too short an interval. Also, in the proposed AD but did not use it
mating surface between the HPC front Rows (1) and (2) of Table 1 of the in the compliance.
hub and the 8–9 spacer is coated with proposed AD seem inconsistent with the We partially agree. Since ‘‘shop visit’’
PWA 110–21. Disks in other HPC stages referenced PW ASBs. The commenters is not being used in the AD, we omitted
have different initiation rates and, ask if this was the FAA’s intent. For all definitions and clarifications of
therefore, a lower risk of failing. But example, ASB JT8D A6430 is a less ‘‘shop visit’’. We also included a
each stage has the same cause of severe condition and allows the definition of ‘‘accessible’’ in the AD, to
cracking and carries a risk of failure that inspection to be postponed until next parallel the ASB.
exceeds our risk criteria, if allowed to go shop visit. Further, the ASBs force hub Request To Remove the Word
until overhaul. We have no data that inspections (per the drawdown table) ‘‘Terminating’’
indicates the risk is operations for hubs that operated with PWA 110–
dependent. We did not change the AD. 21 coating. But for hubs that only One commenter requests that we
Request Clarification As To What operated plated with Nickel-Cadmium remove the word ‘‘terminating’’ as
Previous Actions Exempt an Engine (regardless of spacer coating type), the described for the required inspections.
From This AD inspections are performed when the hub The commenter states that their
is accessible. understanding is that the inspection is
Three commenters request We partially agree. The risk for front a onetime inspection and is not
clarification as to what previous actions hubs plated with Nickel-Cadmium is repetitive.
exempt an engine from the requirements less severe than if the HPC front hub is
of this AD. They suggest that credit coated with PWA 110–21, so it is not We agree. Only those HPC front hubs
should be given to engines with HPC accurate to maintain the same that are accessible and inspected before
front hubs that have previously been inspection limits. Our analysis does not 5,000 cycles-in-service require re-
inspected per PW Alert Service Bulletin agree with PW’s that the risk is low inspection. We removed the word
(ASB) JT8D A6430 and associated AD enough to wait until next shop visit. We ‘‘terminating’’ from the AD.
2002–23–14. They note that the added Table 5 to maintain the Request To Change Table Titles
proposed AD does not give this credit. inspection limits from AD 2002–23–14
They also suggest that the previous in response to the comment. One commenter requests that we
inspection under AD 2002–23–14 change the titles of Table 2 and Table
should be acceptable, even though the Request To Clarify Inspection 4 of the proposed AD from ‘‘HPC Disk
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7th stage HPC disks and 9th stage- One commenter requests that we Inspection Schedule’’ to ‘‘HPC Front
through-12th stage HPC disks were not clarify that the inspection listed in PW Hub Inspection Schedule’’, for
inspected. As currently written, the ASB JT8D A6430, is valid for HPC front clarification. We agree and made the
proposed AD would require operators to hubs coated with Nickel-Cadmium. changes in the AD.

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Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 168 / Wednesday, August 30, 2006 / Rules and Regulations 51461

Request To Add Additional Entries to maintenance programs that use alternate Manual, P/N 481672, allows for any
Table 1 materials or processes. As written, coating to be applied to the units under
One commenter requests that we add operators would have to request the proposed AD.
additional entries to Table 1 of the Alternative Means of Compliance We agree. 7th stage HPC disks, HPC
proposed AD to clarify AD applicability (AMOCs) to use their equivalent front hubs, and stage 8–9 spacers coated
for Nickel-Cadmium coated HPC front processes. with PWA 110–21 are not serviceable.
hubs installed on JT8D–STD engines. We do not agree. As the standard Removing the option to use PWA 110–
We agree and have added a fourth practices of PW change, we will 21 coating from the engine manual
column to Table 1 in the AD. reevaluate them. Operators should prevents recoating and installing them.
submit an AMOC if they want to use We changed the AD to prevent
Request To Clarify the Intent To Inspect other methods than those in this AD. installation of those PWA 110–21 coated
8th Stage Hubs That Are in JT8D–1A, We did not change the AD. parts.
–1B, –7, –7A, –7B, –9, –9A, and –11
Engines Request To Only Allow Use of Request To Continue This Inspection
Electroless Nickel Program on All Units
One commenter requests that we
clarify the intent to inspect 8th stage One commenter requests that we One commenter requests that we
hubs that are in JT8D–1A, –1B, –7, –7A, change the proposed AD to only allow continue the inspection program even
–7B, –9, –9A, and –11 engines. The the use of Electroless Nickel. The when operators install units that are not
commenter states that Table 1 of the proposed AD allows operators to restore coated with PWA 110–21. The
proposed AD appears to be in conflict the coating with Nickel-Cadmium. The commenter states that the FAA is
with paragraph (f)(1) of the proposed PW Engine Manual allows the electrical proposing to terminate the inspection
AD. contact area used on the spacers during program when the operators install
We partially agree. Paragraph (f)(1) is Nickel-Cadmium restoration to be units that have never used PWA 110–21
not in conflict with Table 1, but we covered with PWA 595 (Aluminide or come in contact with PWA 110–21.
changed the AD to clarify that paragraph paint) placing the same coating in the This proposed AD could lead to
(f)(1) is for engines as applicable in same critical areas of concern. ASB noncompliance with the proposed AD,
Table 1. JT8D A6468 leaves the electrical contact by the simple introduction of one unit
areas bare after the Nickel-Cadmium is that has been coated with PWA 110–21,
Suggestion To Use Flowchart applied. The bare electrical contact as the FAA has not forced elimination
One commenter suggests that we areas are open to oxidation. Using of PWA 110–21 coating.
replace Table 1 of the proposed AD with Electroless Nickel would eliminate the We do not agree. This AD does not
a yes/no flowchart, which would be potential for corrosion in bare electrical terminate the previous inspection
much easier to use since the decision contact areas resulting from the Nickel- program. The other disks are still
logic is clearly conveyed. The Cadmium process. subject to an inspection at the next shop
commenter states that the FAA requires We do not agree that Electroless visit per other ADs, mitigating the risk
operators to have simple and concise Nickel should be the only coating used. of cracking due to fretting. We did not
manuals to ensure technicians That would mean that Nickel-Cadmium change the AD.
understand tasks to be performed at the coating must also be eliminated.
appropriate intervals. Table 2 ‘‘HPC Electroless Nickel may only be used on Claim That Estimated Costs of Proposed
Disk Inspection Schedule’’ in the the spacers; not the disks. The data we AD Understated
proposed AD is complex, with have shows that corrosion on spacers is One commenter claims the estimated
numerous back and forth reading to not an issue in the field. However, total cost to U.S. operators of the
determine the correct inspection eliminating Electroless Nickel would proposed AD is understated. The
interval. leave several disks without protection commenter estimates the labor hours to
We partially agree. Our table format is against corrosion. We did not change reassemble the areas accessed and make
adequate. Therefore, we did not change the AD. each engine serviceable, to be 172
the table format in the AD. But we also hours. Further, the number of engines in
Request To Add Requirement That No
interpret the commenter’s suggestion as service exceeds 1,573 since all engines
PWA 110–21 Coated Units Be Re-
a request for additional clarity in the will be affected by the proposed AD,
Installed
table’s wording, similar to other unless the inspection program for the
comments we received. As noted in One commenter requests that we hubs is synchronized with AD 2003–12–
response to other comments, we made standardize the coatings applied to all 07.
several changes to the AD for the steel disks and spacers, with a We do not agree. The commenter
clarification as a result of earlier requirement that after the effective date provided no data that indicates our
comments. No further clarification is of the AD, no PWA 110–21 coated units estimate of affected U.S. engines is
needed. are to be installed in engines and or wrong, or that every engine will require
modules. PW ASB JT8D A6468 implies 172 hours of work. Our analysis
Request To List Engine Manual that the PWA 110–21 coating is no indicates this AD will result in only
Inspection and Associated Limits longer to be used. The detail in the some engines being removed from
One commenter requests that we accomplishment section of the ASB service early. Further, we allow credit
revise the proposed AD language that allows PWA 110–21 and Nickel- for previous inspections per AD 2002–
mandates use of inspection criteria from Cadmium to be applied to the disks and 23–14, as well as AD 2003–12–07 and
the service bulletins, to list the Engine or hubs. Spacers can use one of three AD 2003–16–05. We did not change the
Manual inspection and associated coatings, which are Nickel-Cadmium, AD.
limits. The commenter states that the PWA 110–21, or Electroless Nickel.
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proposed AD language requires a strict Accomplishment of ASB JT8D A6468 is Complete Visual Inspection Labor
adherence to the exact PW procedures. not proof that the units have eliminated Hours Should Be Included
Operators have other Certificate PWA 110–21 coating from disks, hubs, One commenter states that the labor
Management Organization-approved and spacers. The current JT8D Engine hours for the complete visual inspection

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51462 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 168 / Wednesday, August 30, 2006 / Rules and Regulations

should be included in the cost of the unnecessary, based on the similarity of Costs of Compliance
proposed AD. The proposed AD implies current requirements of AD 2003–12–07 About 1,573 JT8D–1, –1A, –1B, –7,
that the inspection for corrosion as the and AD 2003–16–05. AD 2003–12–07 –7A, –7B, –9, –9A, –11, –15, –15A, –17,
result of fretting is a simple visual has a more restrictive inspection –17A, –17R, and –17AR turbofan
inspection. The inspection for corrosion interval than the inspections of the engines, and 1,280 JT8D–200 series
requires a complete removal of the proposed AD. Discontinuing PWA 110– turbofan engines, installed on airplanes
corrosion preventative coating and close 21 coating at the next disk spacer of U.S. registry will be affected by this
visual examination with precision overhaul and only allowing Nickel- AD. We estimate it will take about 12
equipment or recognized standard to Cadmium recoating would be a more work-hours per engine to perform the
accurately determine the extent and effective method to enhancing safety proposed actions, and the average labor
depth of the corrosion in areas outside than the proposed AD. In addition, the rate is $65 per work-hour. We also
the spacer contact area HPC 7–12 stage disk ‘‘Corrosion ADs’’ estimate 175 of those engines will be
We do not agree. The commenter drive the inspection of HPC 7-through- removed before reaching scheduled
provided no data to show that the AD 12 stage disks per the engine manual maintenance, and will require an
will take longer than our estimate. We Inspection 01 and Inspection 02 for the additional 60 work-hours to disassemble
are only addressing costs related to the applicable disks. Inspection 01 specifies and reassemble each engine. Based on
visual inspection for disk fretting. This the accomplishment of Inspection 03 these figures, we estimate the total cost
AD is not about corrosion, and the (FMPI) and Inspection 04 (Fretting of the AD to U.S. operators to be
inspection does not require specialized Inspection). During the accomplishment $2,907,840.
equipment. We did not change the AD. of AD 2003–16–05, the disks are Authority for This Rulemaking
Claim That Costs of Records Research stripped, visually and FMPI inspected,
re-identified, and replated with Nickel- Title 49 of the United States Code
Not Included
Cadmium. These procedures are specifies the FAA’s authority to issue
Two commenters claim the proposed rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I,
identical to the procedures listed in this
AD does not include the cost of records Section 106, describes the authority of
proposed AD.
research. They suggest that operators the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII,
will have to do extensive research of the We do not agree. AD 2002–23–14 is Aviation Programs, describes in more
engine and HPC module records. The only more restrictive for low- and detail the scope of the Agency’s
only reliable records are the hub hours medium-utilization carriers. For high- authority.
and cycles accumulated, indicating hub utilization carriers and older engines, We are issuing this rulemaking under
utilization in the engines. One of the this AD is more restrictive, which is the authority described in Subtitle VII,
commenters estimates that each engine why we proposed this AD. The Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701,
search will require 8 labor hours. inspections in AD 2003–12–07 and AD ‘‘General requirements.’’ Under that
We do not agree. The cost to research 2003–16–05, are similar, but not section, Congress charges the FAA with
records is not a valid cost for including identical, nor are their compliance times promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in
in an estimate of cost of compliance for the same as this AD. We did not change air commerce by prescribing regulations
proposed ADs. We did not change the the AD. for practices, methods, and procedures
AD. the Administrator finds necessary for
Clarification of Definition
Additional Conditional Inspection safety in air commerce. This regulation
Adds to the Cost In preparing the responses to the is within the scope of that authority
commenters requesting clarity, we because it addresses an unsafe condition
One commenter states that the found that our proposed definition of that is likely to exist or develop on
proposed AD includes a conditional accessible in paragraph (o) could be products identified in this rulemaking
requirement to inspect the remaining clearer, and should coincide with how action.
steel HPC disks and or hubs whenever the term is used in Tables 2 and 4. We
the 8th stage hub is inspected. Unless it Regulatory Findings
did not change the meaning of the
is synchronized with AD 2003–12–07, definition, but changed it from ‘‘(o) For We have determined that this AD will
this additional conditional inspection the purposes of this AD accessibility of not have federalism implications under
adds to the cost of compliance to the the HPC front hub is removing the hub Executive Order 13132. This AD will
proposed AD. Airworthiness Directive from the engine and deblading that not have a substantial direct effect on
2003–12–07 currently requires hub’’ to read ‘‘(q) For the purpose of this the States, on the relationship between
inspection of the disks every four to AD, ‘‘accessible’’ is defined as when the the national government and the States,
eight calendar years, depending on the HPC front hub is removed from the or on the distribution of power and
disk configuration or at two to four engine and the hub is debladed.’’ It is responsibilities among the various
years, at shop exposure. now paragraph (q) because we added levels of government.
We do not agree. Our costs estimate For the reasons discussed above, I
prohibition paragraphs (o) and (p) to
considers inspections that occur before certify that this AD:
this AD.
a scheduled shop visit as a result of this (1) Is not a ‘‘significant regulatory
AD. We do not consider the costs to Conclusion action’’ under Executive Order 12866;
comply with other ADs or requirements (2) Is not a ‘‘significant rule’’ under
to be costs directly associated with this We carefully reviewed the available DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures
AD. We did not change the AD. data, including the comments received, (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and
and determined that air safety and the (3) Will not have a significant
Claim That Including JT8D–1 Through public interest require adopting the AD economic impact, positive or negative,
–17AR Series Engines Is Unnecessary with the changes described previously. on a substantial number of small entities
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Two commenters claim that including We determined that these changes will under the criteria of the Regulatory
the JT8D–1 through -17AR series neither increase the economic burden Flexibility Act.
engines into (the AD superseding) AD on any operator nor increase the scope We prepared a summary of the costs
2002–23–14 (JT8D–200 series) is of the AD. to comply with this AD and placed it in

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Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 168 / Wednesday, August 30, 2006 / Rules and Regulations 51463

the AD Docket. You may get a copy of PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS Effective Date
this summary by sending a request to us DIRECTIVES (a) This airworthiness directive (AD)
at the address listed under ADDRESSES. becomes effective October 4, 2006.
Include ‘‘AD Docket No. 2001–NE–30– ■ 1. The authority citation for part 39
AD’’ in your request. continues to read as follows: Affected ADs
Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701. (b) This AD supersedes AD 2002–23–14,
List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39
Amendment 39–12958.
Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation § 39.13 [Amended]
safety, Incorporation by reference, ■ 2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by Applicability
Safety. removing 39–12958 (67 FR 70686, (c) This AD applies to the following Pratt
November 26, 2002) and by adding a & Whitney (PW) JT8D–1, –1A, –1B, –7, –7A,
Adoption of the Amendment new airworthiness directive, –7B, –9, –9A, –11, –15, –15A, –17, –17A,
■ Accordingly, under the authority Amendment 39–14728, to read as –17R, –17AR, –209, –217, –217A, –217C, and
delegated to me by the Administrator, follows: –219 turbofan engines, with 8th stage high
the Federal Aviation Administration 2006–17–07 Pratt & Whitney: Amendment pressure compressor (HPC) front hubs:
amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows: 39–14728. Docket No. 2001–NE–30–AD.

TABLE 1.—AD APPLICABILITY


And if the stage 8–9 spacer is
If the HPC front hub is coated with: And the HPC front hub: Then this AD is:
coated with:

(1) PWA 110–21 at any time ......... Any ................................................ Operated in a JT8D–15, 15A, Applicable. See paragraph (f) and
–17, –17R, or –17AR engine. Table 2 of this AD.
(2) PWA 110–21 at any time ......... Any ................................................ Operated in a JT8D–209, –217, Applicable. See paragraph (h)
–217A, –217C, or –219 engine. and Table 4 of this AD.
(3) Nickel-Cadmium ....................... PWA 110–21 at any time ............. Operated in a JT8D–209, –217, Applicable. See paragraph (i) and
–217A, –217C, or –219 engine. Table 5 of this AD.
(4) Nickel–Cadmium ...................... PWA 110–21 at any time ............. Operated in a JT8D–1, –1A, –1B, Not applicable.
–7, –7A, –7B, –9, –9A, –11,
–15, –15A, –17, –17R, or
–17AR engine.
(5) PWA 110–21 at any time ......... Any ................................................ Operated in a JT8D–1, –1A, –1B, Not applicable.
–7, –7A, –7B, –9, –9A, or –11,
but never operated in a JT8D–
15, –15A, –17, –17A, –17R,
–17AR, –209, –217, –217A,
–217C, or –219 engine.
(6) Nickel–Cadmium ...................... Any type but PWA 110–21 ........... ....................................................... Not applicable.

These engines are installed on, but not Compliance –17A, –17R, and –17AR turbofan engines
limited to, Boeing DC–9, MD–80 series, 727 (e) You must accomplish the actions specified in Table 1 of this AD, do the
series, and 737 series airplanes. required by this AD within the compliance following:
times specified, unless the actions have (1) Using the inspection schedule in Table
Unsafe Condition
already been done. Any engine with an HPC 2 of this AD, strip the protective coating,
(d) This AD results from an investigation front hub that has been inspected using AD visually inspect for fretting wear, fluorescent
by PW which concluded that any HPC front 2002–23–14, AD 2003–12–07, or AD 2003– magnetic particle inspect (FMPI) for cracks,
hub or HPC disk coated with PWA 110–21 16–05, is considered in compliance with this reidentify, replate HPC front hubs and stage
that ever operated on JT8D–15, –15A, –17, AD. 8–9 spacers, and replace if necessary.
–17A, –17R, –17AR, –209, –217, –217A, JT8D–1, –1A, –1B, –7, –7A, –7B, –9, –9A, –11, (2) Use paragraphs 1. through 3.B.(7)(b)
–217C, and –219 turbofan engines, could –15, –15A, –17, –17A, –17R, and –17AR under ‘‘For Rear Compressor Front Hubs that
crack before reaching their published life Turbofan Engines—Inspect or Replace HPC Have Operated With PWA 110–21 coating AT
limit. We are issuing this AD to prevent a Front Hubs, HPC Disks, and Stage 8–9 ANY TIME During Their Service Life in
rupture of an HPC front hub or an HPC disk Spacers JT8D–15, –15A, –17, –17A, –17R, –17AR
that could result in an uncontained engine (f) For applicable JT8D–1, –1A, –1B, –7, Engine Models.’’ of PW Alert Service Bulletin
failure and damage to the airplane. –7A, –7B, –9, –9A, –11, –15, –15A, –17, (ASB) JT8D A6468, dated December 23, 2004.

TABLE 2.—HPC FRONT HUB INSPECTION SCHEDULE


Also inspect 7th stage HPC disks and
HPC front hub cycles-Since-New (CSN) Inspect before additional cycles-in-service (CIS) or CSN, 9th stage-through-12th stage HPC
on the effective date of this AD whichever occurs first disks using:

(i) 19,000 or more ................................... 500 CIS or 20,000 CSN ........................................................ Paragraph (f)(3) of this AD.
(ii) 15,500 or more, but fewer than 1,000 CIS or 19,500 CSN ..................................................... Paragraph (f)(3) of this AD.
19,000.
(iii) 5,000 or more, but fewer than 16,500 CSN ........................................................................... Paragraph (f)(3) of this AD.
jlentini on PROD1PC65 with RULES

15,500.
(iv) Fewer than 5,000 that are acces- If the parts have been inspected and are acceptable, parts Paragraph (f)(3) of this AD.
sible. may be reinstalled. Inspect again using the criteria in (iii)
of this Table.

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51464 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 168 / Wednesday, August 30, 2006 / Rules and Regulations

(3) When the HPC front hub is inspected, stage-through-12th stage HPC disks. Part Number (P/N) 481672, listed in the
visually inspect for fretting wear and FMPI Inspection information can be found in the following Table 3:
for cracks on 7th stage HPC disks and 9th applicable sections of JT8D Engine Manual

TABLE 3.—SEVENTH STAGE HPC DISKS AND 9TH STAGE-THROUGH-12TH STAGE HPC DISKS INSPECTION INFORMATION
Chapter/
Stage Visual inspection Fretting inspection FMPI
section

7 ...... 72–36–41 Inspection–01 ....................................... Inspection–04 ....................................... Inspection–03.


9 ...... 72–36–43 Inspection–01 ....................................... Inspection–04 ....................................... Inspection–03.
10 .... 72–36–44 Inspection–01 ....................................... Inspection–04 ....................................... Inspection–03.
11 .... 72–36–45 Inspection–01 ....................................... Inspection–04 ....................................... Inspection–03.
12 .... 72–36–46 Inspection–01 ....................................... Inspection–04 ....................................... Inspection–03.

JT8D–15, –15A, –17, –17A, –17R, and –17AR (1) You are allowed to make a cycle in Table 1, Row (1) of this AD, do the
Turbofan Engines—Cycle Adjustment for adjustment if the hub was never operated following:
HPC Front Hubs That Entered Service With with a PWA 110–21-coated stage 8–9 spacer. (1) Using the inspection schedule in Table
Nickel-Cadmium Plating and PWA 110–21 (2) Use the information under 4 of this AD, strip the protective coating,
Coating ‘‘Compliance’’ of PW ASB JT8D A6468, dated visually inspect for fretting wear, FMPI for
December 23, 2004, to determine the cracking, reidentify, replate HPC front hubs
(g) For JT8D–15, –15A, –17, –17A, –17R, and the stage 8–9 spacers, and replace if
adjustment.
and –17AR turbofan engines with front hubs necessary.
that entered service with Nickel-Cadmium JT8D–209, –217, –217A, –217C, and –219 (2) Use paragraphs 1. through 1.A. and
plating and PWA 110–21 coating, but have Turbofan Engines—Inspect or Replace HPC paragraphs 2. through 2.C.(2)(g)2 of
also operated during the life of the hub with Front Hubs and Stage 8–9 Spacers Accomplishment Instructions of PW ASB
PWA 110–21 coating: (h) For applicable JT8D–209, –217, –217A, JT8D A6430, Revision 2, dated December 23,
–217C, and –219 turbofan engines specified 2004.

TABLE 4.—HPC FRONT HUB INSPECTION SCHEDULE—HUBS COATED WITH PWA 110–21
Also inspect 7th stage HPC disks and
HPC front hub CSN on the effective Inspect before additional CIS or CSN, whichever occurs 9th stage-through-12th stage HPC
date of this AD first disks using:

(i) 19,000 or more ................................... 500 CIS or 20,000 CSN ........................................................ Paragraph (h)(3) of this AD.
(ii) 15,500 or more, but fewer than 1,000 CIS or 19,500 CSN ..................................................... Paragraph (h)(3) of this AD.
19,000.
(iii) 5,000 or more, but fewer than 16,500 CSN ........................................................................... Paragraph (h)(3) of this AD.
15,500.
(iv) Fewer than 5,000 that are acces- If the parts have been inspected and are acceptable, parts Paragraph (h)(3) of this AD.
sible. may be reinstalled. Inspect again using the criteria in (iii)
of this Table.

(i) For applicable JT8D–209, –217, –217A, visually inspect for fretting wear, FMPI for PW ASB JT8D A6430, Revision 2, dated
–217C, and –219 turbofan engines specified cracking, reidentify, replate HPC front hubs December 23, 2004, for all applicable hubs
in Table 1, Row (2) of this AD, do the and the stage 8–9 spacers, and replace if with any type of coating.
following: necessary.
(1) Using the inspection schedule in Table (2) Use paragraphs 1., 1.C, and 4. through
5 of this AD, strip the protective coating, 4.C.(2)(g)2 of Accomplishment Instructions of

TABLE 5.—HPC FRONT HUB INSPECTION SCHEDULE—HUBS COATED WITH NICKEL-CADMIUM


Also inspect 7th stage HPC disks and
Inspect before additional CIS or CSN,
HPC front hub CSN on the effective date of this AD 9th stage-through-12th stage HPC
whichever occurs first disks using:

(i) 19,000 or more ................................................................... 500 CIS or 20,000 CSN ........................ Paragraph (h)(3) of this AD.
(ii) 17,000 or more, but fewer than 19,000 ............................. 1,000 CIS or 19,500 CSN ..................... Paragraph (h)(3) of this AD.
(iii) 9,000 or more, but fewer than 17,000, that have not 18,000 CSN ........................................... Paragraph (h)(3) of this AD.
been inspected.
(iv) 9,000 or more, but fewer than 17,000, that were in- 15,500 CSN ........................................... Paragraph (h)(3) of this AD.
spected before accumulating 9,000 CSN.

(j) When the HPC front hub is inspected, Manual P/N 773128, listed in Table 3 of this JT8D–209, –217, –217A, –217C, and –219
visually inspect for fretting wear and FMPI AD. Turbofan Engines—Cycle Adjustment for
for cracks on 7th stage HPC disks and 9th HPC Front Hubs That Entered Service With
jlentini on PROD1PC65 with RULES

stage-through-12th stage HPC disks. Nickel-Cadmium Plating and PWA 110–21


Inspection information can be found in the Coating
applicable sections of JT8D–200 Engine (k) For JT8D–209, –217, –217A, –217C, and
–219 turbofan engines with HPC front hubs

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Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 168 / Wednesday, August 30, 2006 / Rules and Regulations 51465

that entered service with Nickel-Cadmium Prohibition Against Recoating the HPC Front removed from the engine and the hub is
plating, but have also operated during the life Hub, Stage 7 HPC Disk, and Stage 8–9 debladed.
of the hub with PWA 110–21 coating: Spacer With PWA 110–21—All Engines
Alternative Methods of Compliance
(1) You are allowed to make a cycle (m) Do not recoat the HPC front hub with
(r) The Manager, Engine Certification
adjustment. PWA 110–21 (Repair-23 of Chapter/Section
Office, has the authority to approve
(2) Use the information under 72–36–42 of JT8D–200 Engine Manual, P/N
alternative methods of compliance for this
‘‘CONDITION A’’ of PW ASB JT8D A6430, 773128, and Repair-27 and Repair-28 of
AD if requested using the procedures found
Revision 2, dated December 23, 2004, to Chapter/Section 72–36–42 of JT8D Engine in 14 CFR 39.19.
determine the adjustment. Manual, P/N 481672).
(n) Do not recoat the 7th stage disk with Related Information
Replacement of HPC Front Hubs and Stage PWA 110–21 (Repair-15 of Chapter/Section (s) None.
8–9 Spacers That Have Operated With PWA 72–36–41 of JT8D–200 Engine Manual, P/N
110–21 Coating, As Optional Action—All 773128, and Repair-15 of Chapter/Section Material Incorporated by Reference
Engines 72–36–41 of JT8D Engine Manual, P/N (t) You must use the service information
(l) For all applicable engines, as an 481672). specified in Table 6 of this AD to perform the
optional action for the visual inspections in (o) Do not recoat the stage 8–9 spacer with actions required by this AD. The Director of
this AD, replace HPC front hubs and stage 8– PWA 110–21 (Repair-03, Task 72–36–12–30– the Federal Register approved the
003–002, of Chapter/Section 72–36–12 of incorporation by reference of the documents
9 spacers that have operated with PWA 110–
JT8D–200 Engine Manual, P/N 773128, and listed in Table 6 of this AD in accordance
21 coating in the interface between the hub with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.
Repair-01, Task 72–36–12–30–001–002, of
and the stage 8–9 spacer and HPC disks Chapter/Section 72–36–12 of JT8D Engine Contact Pratt & Whitney, 400 Main St., East
currently coated with PWA 110–21, as Manual, P/N 481672). Hartford, CT 06108, telephone (860) 565–
follows: 7700; fax (860) 565–1605 for a copy of this
(1) Install a Nickel-Cadmium plated HPC Prohibition Against Reinstalling HPC Front service information. You may review copies
front hub that has never operated with PWA Hubs and Stage 8–9 Spacers Coated With at the FAA, New England Region, Office of
PWA 110–21 the Regional Counsel, 12 New England
110–21 coating in the interface between the
HPC front hub and the stage 8–9 spacer. (p) After the effective date of this AD, do Executive Park, Burlington, MA; or at the
(2) Install a Nickel-Cadmium plated or not reinstall HPC front hubs and stage 8–9 National Archives and Records
Electroless Nickel-plated stage 8–9 spacer. spacers coated with PWA 110–21. Administration (NARA). For information on
the availability of this material at NARA, call
(3) Install HPC disks that have never Definition 202–741–6030, or go to: http://
operated with PWA 110–21 coating. (q) For the purpose of this AD, ‘‘accessible’’ www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-
is defined as when the HPC front hub is locations.html.

TABLE 6.—INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE


Pratt & Whitney Alert Service Bulletin No. Page Revision Date

JT8D A6430, Total Pages: 35 ................................................................... ALL ............... 2 ........................................... December 23, 2004.
JT8D A6468, Total Pages: 20 ................................................................... ALL ............... Original ................................. December 23, 2004.

Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on SUMMARY: The FAA is adopting a new 343—CEP 12.225, Sao Jose dos
August 21, 2006. airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Campos—SP, Brazil, for service
Francis A. Favara, EMBRAER Model EMB–145XR information identified in this AD.
Manager, Engine and Propeller Directorate, airplanes. This AD requires FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dan
Aircraft Certification Service. modification of the flap system interface Rodina, Aerospace Engineer,
[FR Doc. E6–14238 Filed 8–29–06; 8:45 am] wiring. This AD results from a finding International Branch, ANM–116, FAA,
BILLING CODE 4910–13–P that the aural and visual warnings, Transport Airplane Directorate, 1601
which should be activated when the Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington
flaps are set to 22 degrees during 98057–3356; telephone (425) 227–2125;
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION takeoff, were not enabled during the fax (425) 227–1149.
manufacture of certain Model EMB– SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
Federal Aviation Administration 145XR airplanes. We are issuing this AD
to prevent overrunning the runway Examining the Docket
14 CFR Part 39 during takeoff. You may examine the airworthiness
[Docket No. FAA–2006–24439; Directorate DATES: This AD becomes effective directive (AD) docket on the Internet at
Identifier 2006–NM–039–AD; Amendment October 4, 2006. http://dms.dot.gov or in person at the
39–14741; AD 2006–18–03] The Director of the Federal Register Docket Management Facility office
approved the incorporation by reference between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday
RIN 2120–AA64 of a certain publication listed in the AD through Friday, except Federal holidays.
as of October 4, 2006. The Docket Management Facility office
Airworthiness Directives; Empresa ADDRESSES: You may examine the AD (telephone (800) 647–5227) is located on
Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. docket on the Internet at http:// the plaza level of the Nassif Building at
(EMBRAER) Model EMB–145XR dms.dot.gov or in person at the Docket the street address stated in the
Airplanes Management Facility, U.S. Department ADDRESSES section.
of Transportation, 400 Seventh Street
jlentini on PROD1PC65 with RULES

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Discussion


Administration (FAA), Department of SW., Nassif Building, Room PL–401,
Transportation (DOT). Washington, DC. The FAA issued a notice of proposed
Contact Empresa Brasileira de rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR
ACTION: Final rule.
Aeronautica S.A. (EMBRAER), P.O. Box part 39 to include an AD that would

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