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WH- QUESTIONS

QUESTION WORD
QUESTION
ANSWER
________________________________________________________________________
Who = person
Who is your teacher?
My teacher is Ms. Weiss.
________________________________________________________________________
What = thing

What is your name?


My name is Linda.
What is a giraffe?
A giraffe is an animal.
________________________________________________________________________
When = time
Use on for days and dates.
When is Christmas?
Its on December 25.
Use in for months and years.
When is your birthday?
Its in June.
________________________________________________________________________
Why = reason

Why is Mr. Park absent?

Hes absent because hes


sick.
________________________________________________________________________
Where = place
Where is China?
Its in Asia.
________________________________________________________________________
How = description, health

How is the weather?


Its warm today.
How is your mother?
Shes fine.
________________________________________________________________________
Language Notes:
1. A wh- question asks for information.
2. The wh- word + is can form a contraction:
Wheres your father?
Hows the job?
Exercise 1: Fill in the blanks with the correct question word.
Example: What________ is your name? My name is Lee.
1. ___________________ is Seoul?
2. ___________________ is your birthday?
3. ___________________ is your favorite singer?
4. ___________________ is a horse?
5. ___________________ are you late?
6. ___________________ are your shoes?
7. ___________________ is your sister?
8. ___________________ is your homework?
9. ___________________ is New Years Eve?
10. __________________ are my books?

Its in Korea.
Its in January.
My favorite singer is Madonna.
A horse is an animal.
Im late because I missed the train.
They are outside.
Shes fine, thanks.
Its in my bag.
Its on December 31.
Theyre on your desk.
there.

WH- QUESTIONS WITH THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


WHDO / DOES
SHORT
WORD DONT / DOESNT SUBJECT VERB COMPLIMENT
ANSWER
________________________________________________________________________
works in Washington.
work for the government? No, he
doesnt.
Where
does
he
work?
Why
doesnt
he
work for the government?
They
have
a car.
Do
they
have an American car? Yes, they do.
________________________________________________________________________
Does

My brother
he

Language Note:
The correct word order for wh- questions is wh- word + do / does / dont / doesnt +
subject + base form of verb + complement + ?
________________________________________________________________________
Exercise 1: Fill in the blanks with the missing words.
Example: Why _______do_____ you want to learn English?
1. When _______________ you do your homework?
2. Where _______________ she go on vacation each year?
3. _______________ do you live?
4. Where _______________ he work?
5. How many children ______________ she have?
6. Why _____________ they always come to school together?
7. Why _____________ you practice your English more often?
8. How often _______________ you brush your teeth?
9. What time ________________ you wake up?
10. ______________ does she eat lunch with?

Exercise 2: Create wh- questions for the following underlined answers.


Example:
Q: Where do you go to school?_____
A: I go to school in London.
1. Q: _________________________________
A: I go shopping at Macys.

WH- QUESTIONS WITH PREPOSITIONS0


Verb
WH- WORD
DO / DOES
SUBJECT
(BASE FORM)
(PREPOSITION)
________________________________________________________________________
Where
does
your friend
come
from?
What floor
do
you
live
on?
________________________________________________________________________
Language Notes:
1. In formal writing, we put the prepositions before a question word. In
conversation, we usually put the preposition at the end of the question:
Formal: On what floor do you live?
Informal: What floor do you live on?
2. We use whom after a preposition. We often use who when the preposition is at the
end:
Formal: With whom do you live?
Informal: Who do you live with?
________________________________________________________________________
Exercise 1: Label each sentence formal or informal.
Example: To whom do you speak every day? ______formal_____
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

What bus do you ride on? _____________________


On which train do you travel? ___________________
Who do you go to for help? ___________________
About whom do you think? __________________
What does he look at every day? _________________
At what station does he wait? __________________

Exercise 2: Unscramble the words below to form questions and add question marks.
Example: you / from / come / where / do Where do you come from?_____
1. kind of music / what / do / you / listen to _____________________________________
2. you / what / do / eat / in the morning ________________________________________
3. where / he / sleep / at night / does __________________________________________
4. with / work / who / you / do _______________________________________________
5. over / why / come / he / doesnt ____________________________________________
6. do / who / you / with / talk ________________________________________________
7. she / come / does / where / from ___________________________________________
8. you / what / do / dream / about ____________________________________________

YES / NO QUESTIONS WITH EVER


MAIN
DO / DOES SUBJECT EVER
VERB
COMPLEMENT SHORT ANSWER
________________________________________________________________________
Do
you
ever
celebrate Mothers day?
Yes, I always do.
________________________________________________________________________
Does
your father
ever
cook
the meals?
No, he never does.
________________________________________________________________________
BE
SUBJECT EVER
COMPLEMENT SHORT ANSWER
________________________________________________________________________
Is
Mothers day ever
on a Sunday?
Yes, it always is.
Are
you
ever
bored in class?
No, I never am.
________________________________________________________________________
Language Notes:
1. We use ever in a yes / no question when we want an answer that has a frequency
word.
2. In a short answer, the frequency word comes between the subject and the verb.
________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 1: Rewrite each question with ever in the correct position.


Example: Do you celebrate your birthday? Do you ever celebrate your birthday?
1. Do you walk to school? __________________________________________________
2. Are you homesick? _____________________________________________________
3. Is your best friend busy? _________________________________________________
4. Does your family enjoy the beach? _________________________________________
5. Do you think about the environment? _______________________________________
6. Is school vacation in the spring? ___________________________________________
7. Are children in school on Sunday? _________________________________________
8. Are people polite in public? _______________________________________________
9. Do you eat dinner alone? _________________________________________________
10. Are you interested in movies? ____________________________________________
Exercise 2: Write short answers to the question above. Use frequency words in your
answers.
Example: Do you ever celebrate your birthday? Yes, I usually do.____
1. ______________________________

3. __________________________

2. ______________________________

4. __________________________