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/ Present Simple Tense

CONTENTS
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11

Form and Basic Meaning of the Simple Present Tense


Frequency Adverbs
Position of Frequency Adverbs
Spelling and Pronunciation of Final -es
Adding Final -s/-es to Words That End in -y
Irregular Singular Verbs: Has, Does, Goes
Like to, Want to, Need to
Simple Present Tense: Negative
Simple Present Tense: Yes/No Questions
Simple Present Tense: Asking Information Questions with Where
and What
Simple Present Tense: Asking Information Questions with When
and What Time

3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE


PRESENT TENSE

She walks.

3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE


PRESENT TENSE

SINGULAR PLURAL
1st PERSON
2nd PERSON
3rd PERSON

I walk
you walk
she walks
he walks
it walks

we walk
you walk
they walk

3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE


PRESENT TENSE

(a) I eat lunch every afternoon.


(b) Max drives to work every day.
(c) We get up every morning.
(d) Kyle calls Mimi every weekend.
M

HABITS =
7
14
21
28

T W Th F Sat S
USUAL
1
2
3ACTIVITIES
4
5
6
8
9 10 11 12 13
15 16 17 18 19 20
22 23 24 25 26 27
29 30 31

Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday

3-1 Lets Practice

We _____
watch television every day.

watch

watches

3-1 Lets Practice

watches television every day.


He _______

watch

watches

3-1 Lets Practice

eat lunch at 12:00.


We ____

eat

eats

3-1 Lets Practice

Jara _____
takes a walk in the morning.

take

takes

3-1 Lets Practice

rides her horse every day.


My friend ____

ride

rides

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3-2 FREQUENCY ADVERBS

They always drink


tea with lunch.

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3-2 FREQUENCY ADVERBS

100%

(a) Mary always eats lunch at school.

90%- 99% (b) Mary usually eats lunch at school.


75%- 90% (c) Josh often eats hamburgers.
25%- 75% (d) Tia sometimes eats lunch at school.
5%- 10% (e) Tia seldom eats lunch at school.
1%- 10% (f) Eva rarely washes her car.
0%

(g) Jay never goes to the zoo.

frequency adverbs
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3-2 Lets Practice

Talia _______
always feeds her dog.

Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed.Thurs. Fri. Sat.

always
usually
often
sometimes
seldom
rarely
never

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3-2 Lets Practice

Jara ______
seldom watches TV.

Sun.Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs. Fri. Sat.

always
usually
often
sometimes
seldom
rarely
never

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3-2 Lets Practice

Luke _______
usually cooks dinner.

Sun.Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs. Fri. Sat.

always
usually
often
sometimes
seldom
rarely
never

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3-2 Lets Practice

Moussad sometimes
_________ cooks
dinner.
Sun.Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs. Fri. Sat.

always
usually
often
sometimes
seldom
rarely
never

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3-2 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS

She goes to
the library
once a week.

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3-2 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS

once a week.
(a) She goes to the library
twice a week.
five times a week.
Sun.Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs. Fri. Sat.

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3-2 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS

(b) I go to school five times a week.


(c) I go to the movies twice a month.
(d) I go to the beach once a year.
how many times
a day
a week
a month
a year
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3-2 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS

(e) I feed my dog every morning.


I ride my horse every week.
I wash my car every year.

Every
is
singular.

Correct? no
every weeks
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3-2 Lets Practice

How often
do you
drink
coffee?

Every
morning.

21

3-2 Lets Practice

So you
always
drink coffee?

Yes.

always
usually
often
sometimes
seldom
rarely
never

22

3-2 Lets Practice

Mei doesnt
drink coffee.

I know. She
never drinks
coffee.

always
usually
often
sometimes
seldom
rarely
never

23

3-2 Lets Practice

Does Dr. Aboud


take a walk
every day?

No. He walks
five or six
days a week.

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3-2 Lets Practice

Five or six
times
a week?

Yes, he
often
takes a walk.
always
usually
often
sometimes
seldom
rarely
never
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3-3 POSITION OF FREQUENCY ADVERBS

Jeff is
always dirty.

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3-3 POSITION OF FREQUENCY ADVERBS

SUBJECT

Jeff

+ BE

FREQUENCY
ADVERB

seldom
usually
never
often
rarely
dirty.
always
is + sometimes
am
is +
are

FREQUENCY
ADVERB

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3-3 POSITION OF FREQUENCY ADVERBS

SUBJECT

FREQUENCY
ADVERB

OTHER SIMPLE
PRESENT VERBS

seldom
Sergio + sometimes
usually
rarely
often
never
+ rides a bike.
always
frequency
adverb

all simple
present
verbs
except be
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3-3 Lets Practice

He is tired.

usually

______________________________________

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3-3 Lets Practice

Jeff is sad.

never

_________________________________________

30

3-3 Lets Practice

Lucy reads at the library.

often

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3-3 Lets Practice

It rains in the desert.

rarely

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3-4 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -ES

Gerardo teaches math.

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3-4 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -ES

SPELLING

-sh (a) push


-ch (b) teach
-ss (c) kiss
-x

(d) fix

endings

pushes
teaches
kisses
fixes
add -es

PRONUNCIATION

push /z/
teach /z/
kiss / z/
fix /z/
say /z/
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3-4 Lets Practice

miss

Seung never ______


misses
his TV program.

35

3-4 Lets Practice

teach

Gerardo _______
teaches math.

36

3-4 Lets Practice

wash

washes his car.


Viktor always _______

37

3-4 Lets Practice

mix

Ade usually ______


mixes sugar
in his coffee.

38

3-5 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y

The baby cries a lot.

39

3-5 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y

(a) cry
fly
(b) pay
enjoy

cries
flies
pays
enjoys

consonant + -y
change y to i,
add -es
vowel + -y
add -s

40

3-5 Lets Practice

buy often
Gazi _________
often buys too many things.

41

3-5 Lets Practice

say always
always says nice things.
She __________

42

3-5 Lets Practice

worry often

Her father often


__________
worries about her.

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3-6 IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES

The man has a brown coat.

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3-6 IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES

Irregular forms:
(a) I have a hat.
(b) She has a hat.
(c) I do exercises.
(d) He does exercises.
(e) We go to the gym.
(f) He goes to the gym.

she
he
it

+ has
have

has

she
he + does
it
do

does

she
he + goes
it
go

goes
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3-6 Lets Practice

do

does

George does
____ yoga every day.

46

3-6 Lets Practice

go

goes

Zhou-li ______
goes for a walk on Sunday.

47

3-6 Lets Practice

have

has

She always ____


has homework.

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3-7 LIKE TO, WANT TO, NEED TO

I like to run.

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3-7 LIKE TO, WANT TO, NEED TO

VERB + INFINITIVE
I like
She wants
We need

to run. Its fun.


to go home. Shes tired.
to call our mother.
Shes sick.

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3-8 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: NEGATIVE

They do not wash their car.

51

3-8 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: NEGATIVE

You
We
I do not drink milk.
(a) They
I
We
You
They

NEGATIVE:

+ do not + main verb

He
It does not drink milk.
(b) She
She
He
It

+ does not + main verb


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3-8 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: NEGATIVE

(a) I do not drink milk.


(b) She does not drink milk.
do and does = helping verbs
She does not drinks milk. ?
3rd person singular

no -s on main verb
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3-8 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: NEGATIVE

(c) I dont drink milk.


They dont go to the lake.
(d) He doesnt drink milk.
Jack doesnt like dogs.
CONTRACTIONS:

do not = dont
does not = doesnt
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3-8 Lets Practice

smile not
smile
This child doesnt
___________.
(use the contraction)

55

3-8 Lets Practice

We ________
dont like snakes.
(use the contraction)

like not

56

3-8 Lets Practice

Magda doesnt
___________
speak Dutch.
(use the contraction)

speak
not

57

3-8 Lets Practice

dont
doesnt

feed
jump
run
speak

feed my cat.
dont ____
Sometimes I ____
feeds her.
My husband _____
58

3-8 Lets Practice

dont
doesnt

sit
need
like
run

run fast at the gym.


She doesnt
______ ____
She gets tired.
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3-8 Lets Practice

dont
doesnt

feed
jump
need
eat

They are good cooks.


They dont
____ need
____ help.

60

3-9 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: YES/NO QUESTIONS

Does he exercise?

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3-9 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: YES/NO QUESTIONS

DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN


DOES
VERB
(a)
b) Do
c)
d)

we
you
Ithey

like
like
like

salad?
salad?
salad?

QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENT

Do

they
you
we
I

++

main
main verb
verb
(simple form)
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3-9 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: YES/NO QUESTIONS

DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN


DOES
VERB
((e)
g)
f) Does

ithe
she

look
like
like

salad?
good?
salad?

QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENT

Does
Does

she
ithe

++

main
main verb
verb
(simple form)
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3-9 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: YES/NO QUESTIONS

(h) Are you a student?


NOT:

Do you be a student?

main verb = a form of be

do
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3-9 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: YES/NO QUESTIONS

QUESTION

SHORT ANSWER

(i) Do you like ice cream?

Yes, I do.
No, I dont.

(j) Does Max like ice cream?


Yes, he does.
No, he doesnt.
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3-9 Lets Practice

Question

Do you like to ride horses?


Short Answer

Yes, I do.
Long Answer

I like to ride horses.

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3-9 Lets Practice

Question

Do they have a baby?


Short Answer

Yes, they do.


Long Answer

They have a baby.

67

3-9 Lets Practice

Question

Does Gerardo teach math?


Short Answer

Yes, he does.
Long Answer

Gerardo teaches math.

68

3-9 Lets Practice

Question

Do cows bark?
Short Answer

No, they dont.


Long Answer

Cows dont bark.

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3-10 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHERE AND WHAT

Where do they live?


Do they live in Baltimore?
What do they study?
Do they study English?

*
70

3-10 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHERE AND WHAT

QUESTION

SHORT ANSWER

(a) Do they live in Baltimore?


Yes, they do.
No, they dont.

(b) Where do they live?


In Baltimore.
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3-10 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHERE AND WHAT

QUESTION

SHORT ANSWER

(a) Do they study English?


Yes, they do.
No, they dont.

(b) What do they study?


English.
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3-10 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHERE AND WHAT

QUESTION

SHORT ANSWER

(a) Does Allison teach math?


Yes, she does.
No, she doesnt.

(b) What does she teach?


Math.
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3-10 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHERE AND WHAT

QUESTION

SHORT ANSWER

(c) Does Alexi live in Moscow?


Yes, he does.
No, he doesnt.
(d) Where does he live?
In Moscow.
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3-10 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHERE AND WHAT

(WHERE) + DO/DOES + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB

(a) Do they live in Baltimore ?


(b) Where do they live ?
(c) Does Alexi live in Moscow ?
(d) Where does he live ?

75

3-10 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHERE AND WHAT

(WHAT) + DO/DOES + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB

(a) Do they study English?


(b) What do they study ?
(c) Does Allison teach math?
(d) What does she teach ?

76

3-10 Lets Practice

Question: Does the child have a toothbrush?


Answer: Yes, he does.
(The child has a toothbrush.)

77

3-10 Lets Practice

Question: Where does he brush his teeth?


Answer: In the bathroom.
(He brushes his teeth in the bathroom.)

78

3-10 Lets Practice

Question: Does Lucy work at the library?


Answer: Yes, she does.
(Lucy works at the library.)

79

3-11 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME

When do you go shopping?


What time do you go shopping?

80

3-11 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME

Q-WORD + DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN


DOES
VERB

(a) When

do

you

go

to work?

At eight oclock.
(b) What time do

you

go

to work?

At eight oclock.
81

3-11 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME

Q-WORD + DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN


DOES
VERB

(c) When

does

he

exercise?
At ten oclock.

(d) What time does

he

exercise?
At ten oclock.
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3-11 SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: ASKING INFORMATION


QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME

Q-WORD

(e) What time

DO/ + SUBJECT
DOES

do

MAIN VERB

you usually go to class?

frequency
main
subject +
+
adverb
verb

83

3-11 Lets Practice

When (What time)


does the pool
close?

The pool
closes at
6:00 P.M.

84

3-11 Lets Practice

When (What time)


do you eat lunch?

I eat lunch
at 12:00.

85

3-11 Lets Practice

I usually
go to bed
at 11:00.

______________
When
(What time)
do you usually go
______________
to bed
_____________?

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