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A901E

CISCO ASR 901 ESSENTIALS

Lab Guide
Version 1.0

Copyright 2012 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.


THE SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION REGARDING THE PRODUCTS IN
THIS MANUAL ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. ALL
STATEMENTS, INFORMATION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN THIS MANUAL ARE
BELIEVED TO BE ACCURATE BUT ARE PRESENTED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF
ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. USERS MUST TAKE FULL RESPONSIBILITY
FOR THEIR APPLICATION OF ANY PRODUCTS.
THE SOFTWARE LICENSE AND LIMITED WARRANTY FOR THE ACCOMPANYING
PRODUCT ARE SET FORTH IN THE INFORMATION PACKET THAT SHIPPED
WITH THE PRODUCT AND ARE INCORPORATED HEREIN BY THIS REFERENCE.
IF YOU ARE UNABLE TO LOCATE THE SOFTWARE LICENSE OR LIMITED
WARRANTY, CONTACT YOUR CISCO REPRESENTATIVE FOR A COPY.
The Cisco implementation of TCP header compression is an adaptation of a program
developed by the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) as part of UCBs public domain
version of the UNIX operating system. All rights reserved. Copyright 1981, Regents of
the University of California.
NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER WARRANTY HEREIN, ALL DOCUMENT FILES
AND SOFTWARE OF THESE SUPPLIERS ARE PROVIDED AS IS WITH ALL
FAULTS. CISCO AND THE ABOVE-NAMED SUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ALL
WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
NONINFRINGEMENT OR ARISING FROM A COURSE OF DEALING, USAGE, OR
TRADE PRACTICE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT,
SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT
LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR LOSS OR DAMAGE TO DATA ARISING OUT OF
THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS MANUAL, EVEN IF CISCO OR ITS
SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Cisco and the Cisco Logo are trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the
U.S. and other countries. A listing of Cisco's trademarks can be found at
www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third party trademarks mentioned are the property of
their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership
relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1005R)
THIS DOCUMENT IS CONSIDERED CISCO PROPERTY AND COPYRIGHTED AS
SUCH. NO PORTION OF COURSE CONTENT OR MATERIALS MAY BE RECORDED,
REPRODUCED, DUPLICATED, DISTRIBUTED OR BROADCAST IN ANY MANNER
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Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not
intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display
output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are
shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in
illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.

Before You Begin


Conventions
This lab guide uses the following conventions:

boldface

Commands and keywords are in boldface.


Example: Type show running config
Example: Use the name command.
Example: Save your current configuration as the default
startup config.
Router Name# copy running startup

brackets ([ ])

Indicates optional element. You can choose one of the options.


Example:
(config-if)# speed {10|100|1000|auto}

italics font

Arguments for which you supply values are in italics.


Example: Open file ip tcp window-size bytes

angle brackets
(<>)

In contexts that do not allow italics, arguments are enclosed in


angle brackets [<>]. Do not type the brackets when entering
the command.
Example: If the command syntax is ping <ip_address>,
you enter ping 192.32.10.12

string

A non-quoted set of characters. Do not use quotations marks


around the characters, or the string will include the
quotations marks.
Example: (config)# hostname MyRouter

separator (>)

Shows the menu path.


Example: Ethernet > VLAN identifies the VLAN option in
the Ethernet menu.

vertical line (|)

Indicates that you enter only one of the parts of the


command. The vertical line separates choices. Do not
type the vertical line when entering the command.
Example: If the command syntax is show ip route|arp,
you enter either show ip route or show ip arp, but not
both.

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Contents

Contents
Before You Begin ............................................................................................ i
Conventions ................................................................................................................... i

Overview for All Labs .....................................................................................v


Outline .......................................................................................................................... v
Required Resources ...................................................................................................... v
Job Aids ......................................................................................................................... v
Lab Topology ................................................................................................................ vi
Student Pod ................................................................................................................ vii

Lab 1:

Logging into the System and Using the IOS CLI ...........................11
Description ................................................................................................................ 11
Activity Objective ..................................................................................................... 11
Visual Objective ........................................................................................................ 12

Task 1: Establishing and Verifying Lab Connectivity ..............................13


Task 2: Accessing the Cisco ASR 901 Using the Console Port .................15
Task 3: Performing Various IOS Commands from the CLI .....................16
Lab Success Criteria...................................................................................18
Lab 2:

Installing Licenses and Performing Software Upgrades ..............21


Description ................................................................................................................ 21
Activity Objective ..................................................................................................... 21
Visual Objective ........................................................................................................ 22

Task 1: Installing Software Licenses.........................................................23


Task 2: Performing Software Upgrades ....................................................27
Lab Success Criteria...................................................................................29
Lab 3:

Configuring Ethernet Interfaces......................................................31


Description ................................................................................................................ 31
Activity Objective ..................................................................................................... 31
Visual Objective ........................................................................................................ 32

Task 1: Configuring the Management Ethernet Interface .......................34


Task 2: Configuring Ethernet Ports for Untagged Traffic .......................36
Task 3: Configuring Ethernet Ports for Tagged Traffic (Backhaul Side) 39

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Task 4: Configuring Ethernet Ports for Tagged Traffic (Radio Side) ....312
Task 5: Configuring Cisco Discovery Protocol.........................................315
Task 6: Configuring Spanning Tree Protocol ..........................................317
Lab Success Criteria.................................................................................319
Lab 4:

Configuring TDM Interfaces ............................................................41


Description ................................................................................................................ 41
Activity Objective ..................................................................................................... 41
Visual Objective ........................................................................................................ 42

Task 1: Enabling T1 Interfaces and Configuring Network Clocking .......43


Task 2: Configuring T1 Controllers, Serial Interfaces and MLPPP ........47
Lab Success Criteria.................................................................................410
Lab 5:

Configuring TDM Local Switching and Performing Loopback Testing


51
Description ................................................................................................................ 51
Activity Objective ..................................................................................................... 51
Visual Objective ........................................................................................................ 52

Task 1: Configuring TDM Local Switching ...............................................53


Task 2: Performing Loopback Testing .......................................................55
Task 3: Performing Bit Error Rate Testing...............................................59
Lab Success Criteria.................................................................................511

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Overview for All Labs

Outline
This guide includes these activities:

Lab 1: Logging into the System and Using the IOS CLI

Lab 2: Installing Cisco ASR 901 Licenses and Performing Software


Upgrades

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces Using the Ethernet Virtual


Circuit Command Line Interface

Lab 4: Configuring T1/E1 Controllers, Serial Interfaces and


Multilink PPP

Lab 5: Configuring TDM Local Switching and Performing Loopback


Testing

Required Resources
The following resources and equipment are required to complete the
activities in this lab guide:

PC or laptop with a web browser (Internet Explorer or Firefox) and


terminal application (Telnet, Putty, etc.) installed

Access to the Internet

Job Aids
The following job aid is available to help you complete the lab activities:

Lab Access Procedure Document

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Overview for All Labs

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Lab Topology
Six identical student pods (pod 1, pod 2, pod 3, pod 4, pod 5 and pod 6) are
accessible through the lab terminal server at 192.168.10.1. Each pod has
access to the following equipment:

One dedicated Cisco ASR 901 router with connections to, a cell site
radio, a carrier Ethernet backhaul network and dual T1 ports
connected to a TDM backhaul network. This device is referred to as
ASR-x (where x is your pod number)

One shared Cisco ASR 901 router used to aggregate the bundled T1
ports on your Cisco ASR 901 pod router.

One shared router acting as an aggregation point for the mobile


packet core network

Pod 1

ASR

Pod 2

ASR

Pod 3

ASR

Pod 4

ASR

Pod 5

ASR

Pod 6

ASR

Ethernet Backhaul
Network

ASR

Mobile
Packet Core

TDM Backhaul
Network

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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Before You Begin

Student Pod
Each student pod has the following connections:

A management Ethernet connection from the Cisco ASR 901 to the


management rail of the lab

An Ethernet connection to a cell site radio using IEEE 802.1Q


trunking for bearer and OAM VLANs

An Ethernet connection to a test device in the lab

A T1 connection facing a legacy cell site radio and another T1


connection facing a cross-connect. These are used to test the T1
local switching feature of the Cisco ASR 901 router.

An Ethernet connection for backhaul to the aggregation site for


connectivity to the mobile packet core network. This connection is
via a carrier Ethernet network with VLANs used for primary and
secondary Ethernet services.

Two T1 connections to the TDM backhaul network for a multilink


PPP connection back to the aggregation site.

Aggregation Site
Cell Site

Ethernet Backhaul
Network
ASR
Mobile
Packet Core

ASR

MultilinkPPP
Ethernet
and T1

TDM Backhaul
Network

T1 Serial
Interfaces

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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Overview for All Labs

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High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Before You Begin

Lab 1: Logging into the System


and Using the IOS CLI

Description
Complete this lab activity to familiarize yourself with the lab environment
and perform initial configuration of the Cisco ASR 901 router.

Activity Objective
In this activity, you will familiarize yourself with how to access the lab and
the lab topology. After completing this activity, you will be able to:

Connect to the lab network from your PC or laptop

Verify access to the lab via web interface and terminal session

Perform various IOS commands from the CLI

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Lab 1: Logging into the System and Using the IOS CLI
High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Visual Objective
The figure below illustrates the network topology for this activity.

Lab 1

1. Group up for lab work


2. Connect to the lab network via SSL

VPN Network
https://64.100.8.195/
Username: **** (ask instructor)
Password: ****(case sensitive)
Group: **** (ask instructor)

3. Connect to the terminal server


Terminal server IP: 192.168.10.1
Username: student
Password: cisco

Ethernet

Radio

nxT1

ASR-X

LEC

Aggregation

4. Connect to your Pods

ASR 901 by typing at the terminal


server prompt:
asr-x where x is your pod #

5. Complete all lab tasks for Lab 1

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Lab 12

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High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 1: Establishing and Verifying Lab Connectivity

Task 1: Establishing and Verifying Lab Connectivity


The purpose of this task is to establish connectivity to the lab from a
remote location. The lab access procedure used below will be used for all
the labs found throughout this course.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Connect to the lab network by establishing a remote SSL VPN


connection to the lab network:

a) Open a web browser and connect to: https://64.100.8.195/


b) Log in using the username and password provided by your
instructor:
Username ____________ Password _____________
Group ______________
c) Select the AnyConnect menu item and then click the Start
AnyConnect button
_____________________________ Note _________________________
Remember, the URL to access the lab is HTTPS and not HTTP and you
must be disconnected from any corporate VPNs you may have running.
_________________________________________________________________

Step 2

Verify connectivity to the lab management network by pinging


the lab terminal server at 192.168.10.1 from your laptop.

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Notify the instructor if you cannot ping the lab terminal server from
your laptop.
_________________________________________________________________

Step 3

Obtain a training pod assignment. Ask your instructor for your


pod assignment (1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6) and record it below:
Pod = _________

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Lab 1: Logging into the System and Using the IOS CLI
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Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you attain these results:

Lab 14

You can successfully access the lab network via SSL VPN and ping
the terminal server

You have determined your pod assignment

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A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services Task 2: Accessing the Cisco ASR 901 Using the Console Port

Task 2: Accessing the Cisco ASR 901 Using the Console Port
In this task you will verify that you can connect to your Cisco ASR router
in the lab using the console port.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Use a terminal session (telnet or Putty) to access the terminal


server. Use the IP address of 192.168.10.1 and make sure your
connection type is set to telnet and not SSH.
Log in with:
Username = student
Password = cisco

Step 2

Access the Cisco ASR 901 in your pod from the terminal server
using the hostname configured within the terminal server. The
hostname for your device is ASR-x (where x is your pod number 1, 2,
3, 4, 5 or 6).
Example:
Unauthorized Access Prohibited
ASR 901 Lab Terminal Server
Consult Instructor for POP Assignments and Directions
User Access Verification
Username: student
Password: cisco
Enter the name of the device for console connection
ASR901_termserver# asr-x
Translating "asr-1"
Trying asr-1 (1.1.1.1, 2033)... Open
ASR901-x> enable
ASR901-x#

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you attain these results:

You can successfully access the command prompt of the console of


Cisco ASR 901 router in your pod using the terminal server.

You have verified that you can enter privileged EXEC mode using
the enable command.

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Lab 1: Logging into the System and Using the IOS CLI
High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 3: Performing Various IOS Commands from the CLI


Follow the activity to perform various IOS commands from the CLI.

Activity Procedure
Complete the following steps on the Cisco ASR 901 in your pod:

Lab 16

Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Using the show version or show hardware command, perform an


initial startup check of the system.

Q1)

What is the IOS software version of your Cisco ASR 901?

Q2)

What is the uptime of your Cisco ASR 901?

Step 3

Use the show running-config and show startup-config commands


to display the running and startup configuration.

Step 4

Use the command show file systems to display the available file
systems on the system.

Q3)

What is the name of the file system that has the most available free space?

Step 5

Use the command dir flash: to display the contents of the flash: file
system.

Q4)

What do you think the largest file(s) in flash: directory might be used for?

Step 6

Use the command show diag to check the current state of all installed
components.

Q5)

What type of motherboard is installed in the router and how many ports does it
have?

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Task 3: Performing Various IOS Commands from the CLI

Step 7

Use the command show environment all to check the current


system environment such as power, fan status and temperature.

Q6)

Are all the power supply voltages in the normal range?

Q7)

Are all the fans operating normally? What speed are they operating at?

Q8)

Is the board temperature in the normal range?

Step 8

Use the keyboard arrow to recall the previous command(s) from


the command line.

Step 9

Use the question mark (?) at the command line to display help in
IOS. Try using the question mark in several different scenarios and
notice that the position of the question mark determines the type of
help you will receive.
ASR-1# ?
ASR-1# show ip?
ASR-1# show ip ?

Step 10

Use the <TAB> key while typing a command and notice that it will
complete a partial word.
ASR-1# show ip in<TAB>

Is the same as typing the full command:


ASR-1# show ip interface

Step 11

Type one of the above commands at the prompt again and before
you press the ENTER key, use the <CTRL>-A and then <CTRL>-E
keys. Notice how they will take you to the beginning of the line and
end of the line.

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you can answer the above questions
embedded in the task.

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Lab 1: Logging into the System and Using the IOS CLI
High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Lab Success Criteria


You have completed this lab when you have been able to successfully
complete all tasks.

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Task 3: Performing Various IOS Commands from the CLI

Lab 2:
Installing Licenses and
Performing Software Upgrades

Description
Complete this lab activity to practice installing licenses and performing
software upgrades.

Activity Objective
After completing this lab activity, you will be able to:

Install a software license on a Cisco ASR 901 router

Perform a software upgrade on a Cisco ASR 901 router

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Lab 2: Installing Licenses and Performing Software Upgrades High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Visual Objective
The figure below illustrates the activity for this lab exercise.

IOS Software License


FTP protocol

Fast0/0

Task 1

192.168.10.x7

Management
Network

ASR-X

asrx_license.lic

192.168.10.221
FTP Server

IOS Software Image


FTP protocol

Fast0/0

Task 2

192.168.10.x7

Management
Network

ASR-X

192.168.10.221
FTP Server

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Lab 22

asr901-universalk9-mz.152-2.SNG.bin

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Task 1: Installing Software Licenses

Task 1: Installing Software Licenses


The purpose of this task is to install an Advanced Metro IP Access software
license onto your pods Cisco ASR 901 router.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Use the command show license udi to determine the product ID


(PID) and serial number (SN) of your router.
Example:
ASR901-6# show license udi
Device# PID
SN
UDI
-----------------------------------------------------*0
A901-12C-FT-D CAT1629U0F0 A901-12C-FT-D:CAT1629U0F0

Q9)

Step 3

What URL can you go to that will allow you to obtain a demo license or transfer an
existing license using the above PID and SN? (Hint see student guide)

Use the copy ftp://cisco:cisco@192.168.10.221/asrx_license.lic flash:


(where x is your pod number) command to copy a license from the FTP
server to your Cisco ASR 901 router.
Example:
ASR901# copy ftp://cisco:cisco@192.168.10.221/asrx_license.lic flash:
Destination filename [asrx_license.lic]?
%Warning:There is a file already existing with this name
Do you want to over write? [confirm]
Accessing ftp://*****:*****@192.168.10.221/asrx_license.lic...
Loading asrx_license.lic !
[OK - 1178/4096 bytes]
Verifying checksum... OK (0x2CB2)
1178 bytes copied in 5.608 secs (210 bytes/sec)

Step 4

Use the command dir flash: to confirm the license is on the flash file
system.
Example:
ASR901# dir flash:
Directory of flash:/

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Lab 2: Installing Licenses and Performing Software Upgrades High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

1 -rw- 30579520 <no


2 -rw1150 <no
4 -rw- 30864320 <no
5 -rw1661 <no
6 -rw1178 <no
100401148 bytes total

Step 5

date> asr901-universalk9-mz.151-2.SNG.bin
date> lic_file_CAT1629U0F0_8_1343322107
date> asr901-universalk9-mz.151-2.SNI1.bin
date> a901e_asr6_initial.cfg
date> asrx_license.lic
(38951748 bytes free)

Install the license from the flash using the license install command.
Example:
ASR901# license install flash:asrx_license.lic
Installing licenses from "flash:asrx_license.lic"
Installing...Feature:AdvancedMetroIPAccess...Successful:Supported
1/1 licenses were successfully installed
0/1 licenses were existing licenses
0/1 licenses were failed to install

%LICENSE-6-INSTALL: Feature AdvancedMetroIPAccess 1.0 was installed in this


device. UDI=A901-12C-FT-D:CAT1629U0F0; StoreIndex=1:Primary License Storage

_____________________________ Note _________________________


If your license fails to install with the error message Skipped:Duplicate this
is because this license has already been installed in this device previously. To
correct the issue, use the command license clear AdvancedMetroIPAccess
and then attempt to re-install the license again.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 6

Configure the router to boot with the newly installed Advanced Metro
IP Access license and save your changes.
Example:
config t
license boot level AdvancedMetroIPAccess
end
ASR901# copy running-config startup-config
Destination filename [startup-config]?
Building configuration...
[OK]

Step 7

Use the command show license to confirm that the new license is active,
but not yet in use. A reload is required to make the license active.
Example:
ASR901# show license
Index 1 Feature: AdvancedMetroIP
Period left: Life time

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License
License
License
License

Task 1: Installing Software Licenses

Type: Permanent
State: Active, Not in Use
Priority: Medium
Count: Non-Counted

Index 2 Feature: IPBase


Period left: Life time
License Type: Permanent
License State: Active, In Use
License Priority: Medium
License Count: Non-Counted
Step 8

Reload the router


Example:
ASR901# reload
Proceed with reload? [confirm]
---output omitted---

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Be sure to save your configuration changes before the reload or your
system will reboot on IP Base instead of Advanced Metro IP.
_________________________________________________________________

Step 9

Once the system has initialized, enter enable mode then use the show
license and show version commands to verify the newly installed
license is both active and in use.
Example:
ASR901# show license
Index 1 Feature: AdvancedMetroIP
Period left: Life time
License Type: Permanent
License State: Active, In Use
License Priority: Medium
License Count: Non-Counted
Index 2 Feature: IPBase
Period left: Life time
License Type: Permanent
License State: Active, Not in Use
License Priority: Medium
License Count: Non-Counted
ASR901# show version
Cisco IOS Software, 901 Software (ASR901-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version
15.1(2)SNI1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2012 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
---output omitted---

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Lab 2: Installing Licenses and Performing Software Upgrades High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

License Level: AdvancedMetroIPAccess


License Type: Permanent
Next reload license Level: AdvancedMetroIPAccess
---output omitted---

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you have successfully loaded the
Advanced Metro IP Access software license on your Cisco ASR 901 router.

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Task 2: Performing Software Upgrades

Task 2: Performing Software Upgrades


The purpose of this task is to download a Cisco IOS image from the lab FTP
server and perform a software upgrade on aCisco ASR 901 router.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Use the show version command to verify the current running


software.
Example:

ASR901# show version


Cisco IOS Software, 901 Software (ASR901-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version
15.1(2)SNI1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2012 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Mon 18-Jun-12 19:32 by prod_rel_team
ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 15.1(2r)SNI1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
ASR901-6 uptime is 9 minutes
System returned to ROM by reload at 05:45:12 UTC Thu Aug 30 2012
System image file is "flash:asr901-universalk9-mz.151-2.SNI1.bin"
Last reload reason: Reload Command
---output omitted---

Step 3

Use the command copy ftp://cisco:cisco@192.168.10.221/asr901universalk9-mz.152-2.SNG.bin flash: to copy a new version of Cisco
IOS from the FTP server to your Cisco ASR 901 router.
Example:

ASR901# copy ftp://cisco:cisco@192.168.10.221/asr901-universalk9-mz.152-2.SNG.bin


flash:
Destination filename [asr901-universalk9-mz.152-2.SNG.bin]?
Accessing ftp://*****:*****@192.168.10.221/asr901-universalk9-mz.152-2.SNG.bin...
Loading asr901-universalk9-mz.152-2.SNG.bin
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
[OK - 33595324/4096 bytes]
Verifying checksum... OK (0x2471)
33595324 bytes copied in 129.900 secs (258625 bytes/sec)
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Lab 2: Installing Licenses and Performing Software Upgrades High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Use the dir flash: command to verify the image was transferred
successfully. Make a note of the original Cisco IOS image name as well
as the newly downloaded image name as these will be needed in the
next step.

Step 4

Example:
ASR901# dir flash:
Directory of flash:/
2
4
5
6
7

-rw1150 <no date>


-rw- 30864320 <no date>
-rw1661 <no date>
-rw1178 <no date>
-rw- 33595324 <no date>

lic_file_CAT1629U0F0_8_1343322107
asr901-universalk9-mz.151-2.SNI1.bin
a901e_asr6_initial.cfg
asr6_license.lic
asr901-universalk9-mz.152-2.SNG.bin

100401148 bytes total (5356360 bytes free)


Step 5

Change the boot system parameter to the new image filename.


Example:
config t
no boot system flash flash:<original image name>
boot system flash flash:<new image name>
exit

Step 6

Save the configuration, confirm the boot system image has been
modified correctly and reload the router.
Example:
ASR# copy running-config startup-config
Destination filename [startup-config]?
Building configuration...
[OK]
ASR# show running-config | include boot system
boot system flash flash:asr901-universalk9-mz.152-2.SNG.bin
ASR# reload
Proceed with reload? [confirm]
*Aug 20 07:22:10.228: %SYS-5-RELOAD: Reload requested
console. Reload Reason: Reload Command.
----output omitted----

by

Cisco ASR901 (P2020) processor (revision 1.0) with


393216K/131072K bytes of memory.
Processor board ID CAT1629U02J
P2020 CPU at 800MHz, E500v2 core, 512KB L2 Cache
1 FastEthernet interface
12 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
1 terminal line
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Task 2: Performing Software Upgrades

256K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.


98304K bytes of processor board System flash (Read/Write)
65536K bytes of processor board RAM Disk (Read/Write)
Press RETURN to get started!
Step 7

Once the system has fully initialized, use the command show version to
verify that the upgrade has taken effect.
Example:
ASR# show version
Cisco IOS Software, 901 Software (ASR901-UNIVERSALK9-M),
Version 15.2(2)SNG, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2012 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Mon 18-Jun-12 19:32 by prod_rel_team
ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 15.1(2r)SNI1, RELEASE
SOFTWARE (fc1)
ASR901-3 uptime is 2 weeks, 5 days, 2 hours, 23 minutes
System returned to ROM by reload at 03:52:30 UTC Sat Aug 11
2012
System image file is "flash:asr901-universalk9-mz.152-2.SNG.bin"
Last reload reason: Reload Command
---output omitted---

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you have verified that the router has been
upgraded by issuing the show version command.

Lab Success Criteria


You have completed this lab when you have been able to successfully complete
all tasks.

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 29

Lab 2: Installing Licenses and Performing Software Upgrades High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Lab 210

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 2: Performing Software Upgrades

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet


Interfaces

Description
Complete this lab activity to practice configuring Ethernet interfaces using
the Ethernet Virtual Circuit (EVC) command line interface (CLI).

Activity Objective
After completing this lab activity, you will be able to:

Configure the management Ethernet interface as a routed port with an


IP address

Configure Ethernet ports for untagged traffic using the EVC command
line interface

Configure Ethernet ports for tagged traffic using the EVC command
line interface for a primary and secondary Ethernet backhaul
connections as well as a connection to a cell site radio

Configure the Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) on Ethernet interfaces to


allow the network to discover neighboring devices

Configure multiple instances of the spanning tree protocol (MST)

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 31

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Visual Objective
The figure below illustrates the Layer 2 network topology for this activity.

AGG
G0/0
VLAN 101

G0/4

VLAN
110x

ASR-X

VLAN 102
G0/2
Radio

Untagged
Traffic

F0/0
MGMT

Test
Device

AGG

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Lab 32

VLAN
210x

A901E v1.0 - 42

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 2: Performing Software Upgrades

The figure below illustrates the Layer 3 network topology for this activity.

Loopback 0
10.1.1.1

Loopback0
x.255.255.1/32

172.x.x.2

G0/1.110x
172.x.x.145/30

G0/4
Vlan 110x
172.x.x.146/30

G0/0
172.x.x.1
155.x.x.1

Node B

MWR-X

G0/2
x0.1.1.2

Vlan 210x
172.x.x.150/30

F0/0
192.168.10.x7
G0/1.210x
172.x.x.149/30

Test
Device

AGG

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

AGG

A901E v1.0 - 43

1.0

Lab 33

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 1: Configuring the Management Ethernet Interface


The purpose of this task is to configure the management Ethernet interface on
the Cisco ASR 901 router.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

From configuration mode, use the default interface command to


restore the default configuration to the management Ethernet
interface.
Example:
ASR901# config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
ASR901(config)# default interface fastethernet0/0
Interface FastEthernet0/0 set to default configuration
ASR901(config)# end
ASR901#

Step 3

Configure the management Ethernet interface as with the IP address


of 192.168.10.x7 (where x is your pod number) with a subnet mask of
255.255.255.0.
Example:
config t
interface FastEthernet0/0
description Lab Management Network
ip address 192.168.10.x7 255.255.255.0
end

_____________________________ Note _________________________


The management Ethernet interface must be configured as a routed port
with an IP address directly on the interface. It does not support use of the
EVC CLI to provision Layer 2 Ethernet services.
_________________________________________________________________

Step 4

Verify that you can reach the lab default gateway by pinging the
address 192.168.10.1.
Example:
ASR901# ping 192.168.10.1
Type escape sequence to abort.

Lab 34

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 1: Configuring the Management Ethernet Interface

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.10.1, timeout is 2


seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max =
1/2/4 ms

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you can successfully ping the IP address of
the default gateway (192.168.10.1) from your Cisco ASR 901 pod router.

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 35

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 2: Configuring Ethernet Ports for Untagged Traffic


The purpose of this task is to configure an Ethernet port for untagged traffic.
This is similar to configuring a traditional switch as an access switchport.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Check the configuration of interface Gig0/2 using the command show


running-config interface gig0/2.
Example:
ASR901# show running-config interface gig0/2
Building configuration...
Current configuration : 57 bytes
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
no negotiation auto
end

_____________________________ Note _________________________


The interface should be in its default as shown above with no service
instances configured.
_________________________________________________________________

Step 3

Confirm that interface G0/2 is cabled and in the UP/UP state by using
the show ip interface brief command.
Example:
ASR901-1# show ip interface brief
Interface
IP-Address OK?
GigabitEthernet0/0 unassigned YES
GigabitEthernet0/1 unassigned YES
GigabitEthernet0/2 unassigned YES
GigabitEthernet0/3 unassigned YES
GigabitEthernet0/4 unassigned YES
GigabitEthernet0/5 unassigned YES
GigabitEthernet0/6 unassigned YES
---output omitted---

Lab 36

1.0

Method
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset

Status
up
down
up
down
up
down
down

Protocol
up
down
up
down
up
down
down

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Step 4

Task 2: Configuring Ethernet Ports for Untagged Traffic

Configure interface Gig0/2 with service instance x00 (where x is your


pod number). This service instance should match all untagged traffic
on the port and place this traffic into bridge domain x00.
Example:
config t
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
description Untagged access port on VLAN x00
service instance x00 ethernet
encapsulation untagged
bridge-domain x00
end

Step 5

Configure interface VLAN x00 with IP address x0.1.1.2/24 to go along


with the service instance created in the previous step.
Example:
interface VLAN x00
ip address x0.1.1.2 255.255.255.0
no shutdown
end

Step 6

Verify that the service instance is created and in state UP. Use the
command show ethernet service instance.
Example:
ASR901# show ethernet service instance
Identifier Type
Interface
x00
static
GigabitEthernet0/2

Step 7

State
Up

CE-Vlans

Verify that bridge domain x00 is created and in state UP. Use the
command show bridge-domain.
Example:
ASR901# show bridge-domain x00
Bridge-domain x00 (1 ports in all)
State: UP
Mac learning: Enabled
Maximum address limit: 10240
GigabitEthernet0/2 service instance x00

Step 8

Verify that the interface VLAN is created and in the UP state with
protocol also UP. Use the command show ip interface brief.
Example:
ASR901# show ip int
Interface
GigabitEthernet0/0
GigabitEthernet0/1
GigabitEthernet0/2

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

brief
IP-Address
unassigned
unassigned
unassigned
1.0

OK?
YES
YES
YES

Method
unset
unset
unset

Status
up
down
up

Protocol
up
down
up

Lab 37

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

GigabitEthernet0/3
GigabitEthernet0/4
GigabitEthernet0/5
GigabitEthernet0/6
GigabitEthernet0/7
GigabitEthernet0/8
GigabitEthernet0/9
GigabitEthernet0/10
GigabitEthernet0/11
FastEthernet0/0
Vlan1
Vlanx00
Step 9

unassigned
unassigned
unassigned
unassigned
unassigned
unassigned
unassigned
unassigned
unassigned
192.168.10.x7
unassigned
x0.1.1.2

YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES

unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
NVRAM
unset
manual

down
up
down
down
down
down
down
down
down
up
down
up

down
up
down
down
down
down
down
down
down
up
down
up

Verify you can reach a device on the other end of the untagged port by
pinging a test device at the IP address x0.1.1.1.
Example:
ASR901# ping x0.1.1.1
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to x0.1.1.1, timeout is 2
seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max =
1/2/4 ms

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you can ping the IP address x0.1.1.1 from
your Cisco ASR 901 pod router.

Lab 38

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning ServicesTask 3: Configuring Ethernet Ports for Tagged Traffic (Backhaul
Side)

Task 3: Configuring Ethernet Ports for Tagged Traffic (Backhaul


Side)
The purpose of this task is to configure an Ethernet port for tagged traffic
facing an IP RAN Ethernet backhaul network. This is similar to configuring a
traditional switch as an IEEE 802.1Q trunked switchport.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Configure the GigabitEthernet0/4 backhaul physical interface on the


Cisco ASR 901 router with a primary service instance 110x (match
VLAN 110x) and secondary service instance 210x (match VLAN 210x).
Pop 1 tag from traffic received on these VLANs so that traffic may be
routed onto bridge-domains 110x and 210x respectively.
Example:
config t
interface GigabitEthernet0/4
description Ethernet Backhaul Connection
service instance 110x ethernet
description Primary Backhaul VLAN
encapsulation dot1q 110x
rewrite ingress tag pop 1 symmetric
bridge-domain 110x
service instance 210x ethernet
description Secondary Backhaul VLAN
encapsulation dot1q 210x
rewrite ingress tag pop 1 symmetric
bridge-domain 210x
end

Step 3

Configure the following VLAN interfaces corresponding to bridgedomain 110x and 210x created in the previous step.
Example:
config t
interface Vlan110x
description Primary Backhaul VLAN Interface
ip address 172.x.x.146 255.255.255.252
no shutdown
!
interface Vlan210x
description Secondary Backhaul VLAN Interface
ip address 172.x.x.150 255.255.255.252
no shutdown
end

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 39

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Be sure you use a subnet mask of .252 on the backhaul VLANs and
perform the no shutdown command on the interface VLAN.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 4

Use the commands show ethernet service instance, show bridgedomain and show ip interface brief to confirm your configuration
above.

ASR901# show ethernet


Identifier Type
x00
static
110x
static
210x
static

service instance
Interface
GigabitEthernet0/2
GigabitEthernet0/4
GigabitEthernet0/4

State
Up
Up
Up

CE-Vlans

ASR901# show bridge-domain


Bridge-domain x00 (1 ports in all)
State: UP
Mac learning: Enabled
Maximum address limit: 10240
GigabitEthernet0/2 service instance 600
Bridge-domain 110x (1 ports in all)
State: UP
Mac learning: Enabled
Maximum address limit: 10240
GigabitEthernet0/4 service instance 110x
Bridge-domain 210x (1 ports in all)
State: UP
Mac learning: Enabled
Maximum address limit: 10240
GigabitEthernet0/4 service instance 210x

ASR901# show ip interface brief


Interface
IP-Address
GigabitEthernet0/0
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/1
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/2
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/3
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/4
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/5
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/6
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/7
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/8
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/9
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/10
unassigned
GigabitEthernet0/11
unassigned
FastEthernet0/0
192.168.10.x7
Vlan1
unassigned
Vlanx00
x0.1.1.2
Vlan110x
172.x.x.146
Vlan210x
172.x.x.150

Lab 310

1.0

OK?
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES

Method
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
unset
NVRAM
NVRAM
manual
manual
manual

Status
up
down
up
down
up
down
down
down
down
down
down
down
up
down
up
up
up

Protocol
up
down
up
down
up
down
down
down
down
down
down
down
up
down
up
up
up

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning ServicesTask 3: Configuring Ethernet Ports for Tagged Traffic (Backhaul
Side)

Step 5

Verify you can reach the aggregation device on both VLANs at the
other end of the tagged port by pinging the IP addresses 172.x.x.145
and 172.x.x.149.
Example:
ASR901-6# ping 172.x.x.145
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.x.x.145, timeout is 2
seconds:
.!!!!
Success rate is 80 percent (4/5), round-trip min/avg/max =
1/1/1 ms
ASR901-6# ping 172.x.x.149
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.x.x.149, timeout is 2
seconds:
.!!!!
Success rate is 80 percent (4/5), round-trip min/avg/max =
1/1/1 ms

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you can ping the aggregation device on
both the primary and secondary backhaul VLANs.

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 311

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 4: Configuring Ethernet Ports for Tagged Traffic (Radio Side)


The purpose of this task is to configure an Ethernet port for tagged traffic
facing a cell site radio. This is similar to configuring a traditional switch as an
IEEE 802.1Q trunked switchport.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Configure the GigabitEthernet0/0 cell site side physical interface on


the Cisco ASR 901 router with a primary service instance 101 (match
VLAN 101) and secondary service instance 102 (match VLAN 102). Pop
1 tag from traffic received on these VLANs so that traffic may be
routed onto bridge-domains 101 and 102 respectively.
Example:
config t
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
description Cell Site Ethernet Network
service instance 101 ethernet
description Primary Backhaul VLAN
encapsulation dot1q 101
rewrite ingress tag pop 1 symmetric
bridge-domain 101
service instance 102 ethernet
description Cell Site OAM VLAN
encapsulation dot1q 102
rewrite ingress tag pop 1 symmetric
bridge-domain 102
end

Step 3

Configure the following VLAN interfaces corresponding to bridgedomain 101 and 102 created in the previous step.
Example:
config t
interface Vlan101
description Cell Site Bearer VLAN Interface
ip address 172.x.x.1 255.255.255.240
no shutdown
!
interface Vlan102
description Cell Site OAM VLAN Interface
ip address 155.x.x.1 255.255.255.248
no shutdown
end

Lab 312

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A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning ServicesTask 4: Configuring Ethernet Ports for Tagged Traffic (Radio Side)

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Be sure you use the correct subnet mask on the cell site side VLANs and
perform the no shutdown command on the interface VLANs.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 4

Use the commands show ethernet service instance id 101|102


interface gig0/0, show bridge-domain 101|102 and show ip
interface brief to confirm your configuration above.
ASR901# show ethernet service instance id 101 int g0/0
Identifier Type
Interface
State
CE-Vlans
101
static
GigabitEthernet0/0
Up

ASR901# show ethernet service instance id 102 int g0/0


Identifier Type
Interface
State
CE-Vlans
102
static
GigabitEthernet0/0
Up

ASR901# show bridge-domain 101


Bridge-domain 101 (1 ports in all)
State: UP
Mac learning: Enabled
Maximum address limit: 10240
GigabitEthernet0/0 service instance 101

ASR901# show bridge-domain 102


Bridge-domain 102 (1 ports in all)
State: UP
Mac learning: Enabled
Maximum address limit: 10240
GigabitEthernet0/0 service instance 102

ASR901# show ip interface brief | include 101|102


Vlan101
172.x.x.1
YES manual up
Vlan102
155.x.x.1
YES manual up
Step 5

up
up

Verify you can reach the cell site radio on both the bearer and OAM
VLANs on the other end of the tagged port by pinging the IP addresses
172.x.x.2 and 155.x.x.2.
Example:
ASR901# ping 172.x.x.2
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.6.6.2, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/4 ms
ASR901# ping 155.x.x.2
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 155.6.6.2, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 1/2/4 ms

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 313

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you can ping the cell site radio on both the
bearer and OAM VLANs.

Lab 314

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 5: Configuring Cisco Discovery Protocol

Task 5: Configuring Cisco Discovery Protocol


The purpose of this task is to configure the Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) on
the Cisco ASR 901 router.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Use the command show cdp to determine if CDP is running on the


Cisco ASR 901 or not.
Example:
ASR901# show cdp
% CDP is not enabled

_____________________________ Note _________________________


By default CDP is not enabled on the Cisco ASR 901 router. It must be
manually configured in the Cisco IOS software and enabled on each port.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 3

From global configuration mode, enable CDP to run on the Cisco ASR
901.
Example:
ASR901# config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.
ASR901(config)# cdp run
ASR901(config)# end

Step 4

End with CNTL/Z.

From interface configuration mode, enable CDP on interface Gig0/2.


Example:
ASR901# config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.
ASR901(config)# interface gig0/2
ASR901(config-if)# cdp enable
ASR901(config-if)# end

Step 5

End with CNTL/Z.

Verify CDP is enabled on the device.


Example:
ASR901# show cdp
Global CDP information:
Sending CDP packets every 60 seconds
Sending a holdtime value of 180 seconds
Sending CDPv2 advertisements is enabled

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 315

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

Step 6

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Use the command show cdp neighbors to verify which device the
local interface Gig0/2 is connected to.
Example:
ASR901# show cdp neighbors
Capability Codes: R - Router, T - Trans Bridge, B - Source Route Bridge
S - Switch, H - Host, I - IGMP, r - Repeater, P - Phone
D - Remote, C - CVTA, M - Two-port Mac Relay
Device ID
metro-sw1

Local Intrfce
Gig 0/2

Holdtme
150

Capability
R S I

Platform Port ID
WS-C3560G Gig 0/16

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Remember that only interface Gig0/2 is shown in CDP as it is the only
interface with CDP enabled. Also, you may have to wait a few seconds to
CDP to discover the neighboring device.
_________________________________________________________________

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when CDP shows which device Gig0/2 is
connected to.

Lab 316

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A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 6: Configuring Spanning Tree Protocol

Task 6: Configuring Spanning Tree Protocol


The purpose of this task is to configure the spanning tree protocol using the
multiple instances of spanning tree (MST) implementation on the Cisco ASR
901 router.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Use the command show spanning-tree to determine if the STP


protocol is running on the Cisco ASR 901.
Example:
ASR901# show spanning-tree
No spanning tree instance exists.

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Unlike traditional switches, the spanning tree protocol is not enabled by
default on the Cisco ASR 901 router. It must be manually configured in the
Cisco IOS software.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 3

From global configuration mode, enable spanning tree to run in MST


mode on the Cisco ASR 901.
Example:
ASR901# config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.
ASR901(config)# spanning-tree mode mst
ASR901(config)# end

End with CNTL/Z.

_____________________________ Note _________________________


The Cisco ASR 901 supports only the standards based implementation of
MST spanning tree. Cisco PVST and rapid-PVST modes are not supported.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 4

Use the show spanning-tree vlan <vlan> command on VLANs 101,


102, 110x, 210x to verify that spanning-tree is running and forwarding
traffic out the expected ports.
Example:
ASR901# show spanning-tree vlan 101
MST0
Spanning tree enabled protocol mstp
Root ID
Priority
32768

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 317

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Address
30f7.0d5b.721c
This bridge is the root
Hello Time
2 sec Max Age 20 sec
Bridge ID

Priority
Address
Hello Time

Forward Delay 15 sec

32768 (priority 32768 sys-id-ext 0)


30f7.0d5b.721c
2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec

Interface
Role Sts Cost
Prio.Nbr Type
------------------- ---- --- --------- -------- ------------------Gi0/0
Desg FWD 200000
128.1
P2p
ASR901# show spanning-tree vlan 102
MST0
Spanning tree enabled protocol mstp
Root ID
Priority
32768
Address
30f7.0d5b.721c
This bridge is the root
Hello Time
2 sec Max Age 20 sec
Bridge ID

Priority
Address
Hello Time

Forward Delay 15 sec

32768 (priority 32768 sys-id-ext 0)


30f7.0d5b.721c
2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec

Interface
Role Sts Cost
Prio.Nbr Type
------------------- ---- --- --------- -------- ------------------Gi0/0
Desg FWD 200000
128.1
P2p
ASR901# show spanning-tree vlan 110x
MST0
Spanning tree enabled protocol mstp
Root ID
Priority
32768
Address
30f7.0d5b.721c
This bridge is the root
Hello Time
2 sec Max Age 20 sec
Bridge ID

Priority
Address
Hello Time

Forward Delay 15 sec

32768 (priority 32768 sys-id-ext 0)


30f7.0d5b.721c
2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec

Interface
Role Sts Cost
Prio.Nbr Type
------------------- ---- --- --------- -------- ------------------Gi0/4
Desg FWD 20000
128.5
P2p
ASR901# show spanning-tree vlan 210x
MST0
Spanning tree enabled protocol mstp
Root ID
Priority
32768
Address
30f7.0d5b.721c
This bridge is the root
Hello Time
2 sec Max Age 20 sec
Bridge ID

Priority
Address
Hello Time

Forward Delay 15 sec

32768 (priority 32768 sys-id-ext 0)


30f7.0d5b.721c
2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec

Interface
Role Sts Cost
Prio.Nbr Type
------------------- ---- --- --------- -------- ------------------Gi0/4
Desg FWD 20000
128.5
P2p
Lab 318

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A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 6: Configuring Spanning Tree Protocol

_____________________________ Note _________________________


VLANs 101 and 102 should be forwarding on interface Gig0/0 (radio
interface) while VLANs 110x and 210x should be forwarding on interface
Gig0/4 (backhaul interface).
_________________________________________________________________

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you have successfully enabled spanning
tree mode MST on the Cisco ASR 901 router.

Lab Success Criteria


You have completed this lab when you have been able to successfully complete
all tasks.

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

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Lab 319

Lab 3: Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

Lab 320

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 6: Configuring Spanning Tree Protocol

Lab 4: Configuring TDM


Interfaces

Description
Complete this lab activity to practice configuring TDM interfaces on the Cisco
ASR 901 router.

Activity Objective
After completing this lab activity, you will be able to:

Enable TDM ports for use on the Cisco ASR 901 router

Configure network clocking and synchronization

Configure T1 controllers, serial interfaces and multilink PPP

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

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Lab 41

Lab 4: Configuring TDM Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Visual Objective
The figure below illustrates the network topology for this activity.

Multilink
Interface

Loopback0
x.255.255.0

Gig0/0

xx.0.0.1

CSR Multixx
ASR 901 xx.0.0.0

AGG

Dual T1s
- Serial 0/4:0
- Serial 0/5:0

Where X is your Pod number

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Lab 42

A901E v1.0 - 25

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning ServicesTask 1: Enabling T1 Interfaces and Configuring Network Clocking

Task 1: Enabling T1 Interfaces and Configuring Network Clocking


The purpose of this task is to enable the T1 interfaces on the Cisco ASR 901
router and configure clocking.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Use the command show diag to confirm that your Cisco ASR 901 has
16 T1/E1 ports physically present on the system motherboard.
Example:
ASR901# show diag
A901-12C-FT-D Motherboard, 16e1t1 ports 12 ge ports
EEPROM contents at hardware discovery:
PCB Serial Number
: CAT1629U0F0
Controller Type
: 1865
Hardware Revision
: 4.0
Top Assy. Part Number
: 800-34519-51
Version Identifier (VID) : V02
Deviation Number
: 0
Fab Version
: 03
---Output omitted---

Step 3

Use of the 16 T1/E1 ports requires the Advanced Metro IP Access


license to be active and in use on the system. Use the show license
command to verify the license.
Example:
ASR901# show license
Index 1 Feature: AdvancedMetroIPAccess
Period left: Life time
License Type: Permanent
License State: Active, In Use
License Count: Non-Counted
License Priority: Medium
Index 2 Feature: IPBase
Period left: Life time
License Type: Permanent
License State: Active, Not in Use
License Count: Non-Counted
License Priority: Medium

Step 4

Even if the hardware supports the T1/E1 ports and the license has
been enabled, the ports must still be enabled via configuration. Use the
command show version to verify that the ports are not already
configured.
Example:
ASR901# show version

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 43

Lab 4: Configuring TDM Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Cisco IOS Software, 901 Software (ASR901-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version


15.2(2)SNG, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc3)
---output omitted--Cisco A901-12C-FT-D (P2020) processor (revision 1.0) with
393216K/131072K bytes of memory.
Processor board ID CAT1629U0F0
P2020 CPU at 800MHz, E500v2 core, 512KB L2 Cache
1 FastEthernet interface
12 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
1 terminal line
256K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.
98304K bytes of processor board System flash (Read/Write)
65536K bytes of processor board RAM Disk (Read/Write)
Configuration register is 0x2102

_____________________________ Note _________________________


If the T1 ports had previously been enabled the output of the show
version command would indicate the presence of 16 channelized T1 ports.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 5

Configure the TDM ports on the system as type T1 by specifying the


card type t1 command in the global configuration.
Example:
ASR901# config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.
ASR901(config)# card type t1 0 0
ASR901(config)# end

End with CNTL/Z.

%CONTROLLER-5-UPDOWN: Controller T1 0/5, changed state to up


%CONTROLLER-5-UPDOWN: Controller T1 0/4, changed state to up

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Shortly after the T1 ports are enabled, you may see T1 ports change state
to up. This is because the ports have been pre-cabled for you.
_________________________________________________________________

Step 6

Use the command show version to verify that the ports are now
recognized as T1 ports by the system.
Example:
ASR901# show version
Cisco IOS Software, 901 Software (ASR901-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version
15.2(2)SNG, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc3)
---output omitted--Cisco A901-12C-FT-D (P2020) processor (revision 1.0) with
393216K/131072K bytes of memory.
Processor board ID CAT1629U0F0
P2020 CPU at 800MHz, E500v2 core, 512KB L2 Cache

Lab 44

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning ServicesTask 1: Enabling T1 Interfaces and Configuring Network Clocking

1 FastEthernet interface
12 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
1 terminal line
16 Channelized T1 ports
256K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.
98304K bytes of processor board System flash (Read/Write)
65536K bytes of processor board RAM Disk (Read/Write)
Configuration register is 0x2102
Step 7

Use the show controller t1 0/4 and show controller t1 0/5


commands to verify that the T1 ports.
Example:
ASR901# show controller t1 0/4
T1 0/4 is up.
Applique type is Channelized T1
Cablelength is long gain36 0db
No alarms detected.
alarm-trigger is not set
Soaking time: 3, Clearance time: 10
AIS State:Clear LOS State:Clear LOF State:Clear
Framing is ESF, Line Code is B8ZS, Clock Source is Internal.
Data in current interval (372 seconds elapsed):
0 Line Code Violations, 0 Path Code Violations
0 Slip Secs, 0 Fr Loss Secs, 0 Line Err Secs, 0 Degraded Mins
0 Errored Secs, 0 Bursty Err Secs, 0 Severely Err Secs, 0
Unavail Secs
ASR901# show controller t1 0/5
T1 0/5 is up.
Applique type is Channelized T1
Cablelength is long gain36 0db
No alarms detected.
alarm-trigger is not set
Soaking time: 3, Clearance time: 10
AIS State:Clear LOS State:Clear LOF State:Clear
Framing is ESF, Line Code is B8ZS, Clock Source is Internal.
Data in current interval (375 seconds elapsed):
0 Line Code Violations, 0 Path Code Violations
0 Slip Secs, 0 Fr Loss Secs, 0 Line Err Secs, 0 Degraded Mins
0 Errored Secs, 0 Bursty Err Secs, 0 Severely Err Secs, 0
Unavail Secs

Step 8

Configure the router to use G.781 based automatic clock selection


process.
Example:
ASR901# config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
ASR901(config)# network-clock synchronization automatic

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Immediately following the above configuration changes the system put a
message on the console that the internal clock is now selected.
_________________________________________________________________
2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

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Lab 45

Lab 4: Configuring TDM Interfaces

Step 9

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Use the command show network-clocks synchronization to


confirm that the internal clock is selected. The selected clock will be
marked with an asterisk.
Example:
ASR901# show network-clocks synchronization
Symbols:
En - Enable, Dis - Disable, Adis - Admin Disable
NA - Not Applicable
* - Synchronization source selected
# - Synchronization source force selected
& - Synchronization source manually switched
Automatic selection process : Enable
Equipment Clock : 2048 (EEC-Option1)
Clock Mode : QL-Disable
ESMC : Disabled
SSM Option : 1
T0 : Internal
Hold-off (global) : 300 ms
Wait-to-restore (global) : 300 sec
Tsm Delay : 180 ms
Revertive : No
Nominated Interfaces
Interface
*Internal

Step 10

SigType
NA

Mode/QL
NA/Dis

Prio
251

QL_IN ESMC Tx
QL-SEC
NA

ESMC Rx
NA

Configure the router to use the controller T1 0/4 as the network clock.
Example:
ASR901# config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
ASR901(config)# network-clock input-source 2 controller T1 0/4
%NETCLK-6-SEL_CLOCK_SRC: Synchronization source T1 0/4 is selected
by selection process(T0) to synchronize the system and generate T0
output.
%NETCLK-6-SRC_ADD: Synchronization source T1 0/4 is added to T0
selection process.

Step 11

Once again use the show network-clocks synchronization


command. This will initiate a change of the selected clock to T1 0/4. It
may take up to 5 minutes or so for the clock to synchronize to the T1
0/4 interface. In the meantime the clock will stay synchronized to the
internal clock while the T1 0/4 interface will read as QL-FAILED.

Activity Verification
You have completed this task once you have verified that controller T1 0/4 and
0/5 are up and controller T1 0/4 is selected as the network clock.

Lab 46

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning ServicesTask 2: Configuring T1 Controllers, Serial Interfaces and MLPPP

Task 2: Configuring T1 Controllers, Serial Interfaces and MLPPP


The purpose of this task is to configure T1 controllers, serial interfaces and
MLPPP on the Cisco ASR 901 router.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Configure controller T1 0/4 and 0/5 for channel-group 0 and timeslots


1-24.
Example:
config t
controller T1 0/4
channel-group 0 timeslots 1-24
!
controller T1 0/5
channel-group 0 timeslots 1-24
end

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Assuming your T1 ports are physically cabled correctly, you should
immediately see link UP/DOWN messages on newly created serial ports
0/4:0 and 0/5:0.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 3

Configure a multilink PPP interface to be used as a backhaul interface.


Example:
config t
interface Multilinkxx
description Dual T1s towards LEC
ip address xx.0.0.0 255.255.255.254
ppp multilink
ppp multilink group xx

Step 4

Configure interface serial 0/4 and 0/5 for multilink PPP and place them
into multilink group xx.
Example:
config t
interface Serial0/4:0
description T1 bundle towards LEC
no ip address
encapsulation ppp
ppp multilink
ppp multilink group xx

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 47

Lab 4: Configuring TDM Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

!
interface Serial0/5:0
description T1 bundle towards LEC
no ip address
encapsulation ppp
ppp multilink
ppp multilink group xx
end
Step 5

Use the command show interface serial 0/4:0 and show interface
serial 0/5:0 to verify that the serial interface channel-groups
associated with the T1 circuits on port 0/4 and 0/5 are up.
Example:
ASR901# show interface serial 0/4:0
Serial0/4:0 is up, line protocol is up
Hardware is TDM E1T1 IM
Description: T1 bundle towards LEC
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1536 Kbit/sec, DLY 20000 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
Encapsulation PPP, LCP Open, multilink Open
Link is a member of Multilink bundle Multilink66, loopback
Keepalive set (10 sec)
Last input 00:00:01, output never, output hang never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters 00:25:35
Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total
Queueing strategy: weighted fair [suspended, using FIFO]
FIFO output queue 0/40, 0 drops
5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
90 packets input, 2318 bytes, 0 no buffer
Received 0 broadcasts (0 IP multicasts)
0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0
586 packets output, 17701 bytes, 0 underruns
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 89 interface resets
0 unknown protocol drops
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
0 carrier transitions
Timeslot(s) Used:1-24, SCC: 4, Transmitter delay is 0

Step 6

Use the command show ppp multilink to verify that the multilink
PPP bundle is up, has the correct bandwidth and correct number of
member links active.
Example:
ASR901# show ppp multilink
Multilinkxx
Bundle name: TDM1
Remote Endpoint Discriminator: [1] TDM1
Local Endpoint Discriminator: [1] ASR901-6
Bundle up for 00:08:01, total bandwidth 3072, load 1/255
Receive buffer limit 24000 bytes, frag timeout 1000 ms
Bundle is Distributed

Lab 48

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A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning ServicesTask 2: Configuring T1 Controllers, Serial Interfaces and MLPPP

0/0 fragments/bytes in reassembly list


0 lost fragments, 0 reordered
0/0 discarded fragments/bytes, 0 lost received
0x12 received sequence, 0x14 sent sequence
Distributed MLP. Multilink in Hardware.
Distributed Fragmentation is on. Fragment size: 512.
Bundle status is: active
Member links: 2 active, 0 inactive (max 255, min not set)
Se0/5:0, since 00:08:00
Se0/4:0, since 00:07:56
No inactive multilink interfaces
Step 7

Use the command show interface multilink xx to verify that the


multilink interface associated with the serial member interfaces of
serial0/4:0 and serial0/5:0 are up.
Example:
ASR901# show interface multilink xx
Multilinkxx is up, line protocol is up
Hardware is multilink group interface
Description: T1 towards LEC
Internet address is 66.0.0.0/31
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 3072 Kbit/sec, DLY 20000 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
Encapsulation PPP, LCP Open, multilink Open
Open: IPCP, loopback not set
Keepalive set (10 sec)
DTR is pulsed for 2 seconds on reset
Last input 00:09:12, output never, output hang never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters 00:26:08
Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output
drops: 0
Queueing strategy: fifo
Output queue: 0/40 (size/max)
5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
19 packets input, 5692 bytes, 0 no buffer
Received 0 broadcasts (0 IP multicasts)
0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
20 packets output, 5714 bytes, 0 underruns
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 1 interface resets
0 unknown protocol drops
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
0 carrier transitions

Step 8

Use the ping command to check connectivity to the aggregation router.


Use the IP address xx.0.0.1 for this test.
Example:
ASR901# ping xx.0.0.1
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to xx.0.0.1, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 1/3/4 ms

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 49

Lab 4: Configuring TDM Interfaces

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you have been able to successfully test the
MLPPP backhaul circuit on the Cisco ASR 901 router.

Lab Success Criteria


You have completed this lab when you have been able to successfully complete
all tasks.

Lab 410

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning ServicesTask 2: Configuring T1 Controllers, Serial Interfaces and MLPPP

Lab 5: Configuring TDM Local


Switching and Performing
Loopback Testing

Description
Complete this lab activity to practice configuring TDM local switching and
performing loopback tests on the Cisco ASR 901 router.

Activity Objective
After completing this lab activity, you will be able to:

Configure TDM local switching

Perform loopback tests

Perform bit error rate tests (BERT)

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

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Lab 51

Lab 5: Configuring TDM Local Switching and Performing Loopback Testing High-Touch Delivery Learning
Services

Visual Objective
The figure below illustrates the network topology for this activity.

Cross-connect name:
ConnPort_0_to_8
Controller
T1 0/8

Controller
T1 0/0

CSR
ASR 901

Timeslots
1-4 & 9-10

Timeslots
1-4 & 9-10

Task 1: Crossconnect T1 port 0/0 with T1 port 0/8


Task 2: Perform a local line loopback on T1 port 0/4

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Lab 52

A901E v1.0 - 41

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 1: Configuring TDM Local Switching

Task 1: Configuring TDM Local Switching


The purpose of this task is to configure TDM local switching on the Cisco ASR
901 router.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Specify a series of timeslots on controller T1 0/0 and 0/8 to be part of


circuit emulation (CEM) groups 6 and 5 respectively.
Example:
config t
controller
cem-group
!
controller
cem-group
end

T1 0/0
6 timeslots 1-4,9-10
T1 0/8
5 timeslots 1-4,9-10

_____________________________ Note _________________________


As soon as you specify a circuit emulation group, the router creates an
CEM interface corresponding to the T1 controller. For example, T1
controller 0/0 will form CEM 0/0 and T1 controller will form CEM 0/8.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 3

Configure TDM local switching between the two circuit emulation


groups. Remember that you must specify the CEM interface and cemgroup as part of the connect statement.
Example:
config t
connect ConnPort_0_to_8 CEM0/0 6 CEM0/8 5
end

Step 4

Use the show connection command to verify proper configuration of


TDM local switching. Make a note of the connection ID.
Example:
ASR901# show connection
ID
Name
Segment 1
Segment 2
State
===================================================================
1
ConnPort_0_to_8 CE0/0 CESP 6
CE0/8 CESP 5
OPER DOWN

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 53

Lab 5: Configuring TDM Local Switching and Performing Loopback Testing High-Touch Delivery Learning
Services

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Even though in the above example the T1 ports are down, the TDM local
switching has been correctly configured.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 5

Use the show connection id command with the ID number obtained


in the previous step to see additional information about TDM local
switching.
Example:
ASR901# show connection id 1
Connection: 1 - ConnPort_0_to_8
Current State: OPER DOWN
Segment 1: CEM0/0 CESoPSN Basic 6 down
Segment 2: CEM0/8 CESoPSN Basic 5 down

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you have successfully configured TDM
local switching.

Lab 54

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 2: Performing Loopback Testing

Task 2: Performing Loopback Testing


The purpose of this task is to perform a loopback test on a T1 port on the Cisco
ASR 901 router.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Use the show controller t1 0/4 command to confirm that T1 0/4 is up


and no loopbacks are present on the line.
Example:
ASR901# show controller t1 0/4
T1 0/4 is up.
Applique type is Channelized T1
Cablelength is long gain36 0db
No alarms detected.
alarm-trigger is not set
Soaking time: 3, Clearance time: 10
AIS State:Clear LOS State:Clear LOF State:Clear
---output omitted---

_____________________________ Note _________________________


If the line is currently in loopback, there will be a loopback status directly
to the right of where it shows that T1 0/4 is up.
_________________________________________________________________

Step 3

Use the show interface serial 0/4:0 command to confirm that the
serial interface is also up/up.
Example:
ASR901# show interface serial 0/4:0
Serial0/4:0 is up, line protocol is up
Hardware is TDM E1T1 IM
Description: T1 bundle towards LEC
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1536 Kbit/sec, DLY 20000 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
Encapsulation PPP, LCP Open, multilink Open
-output omitted---

Step 4

Configure a local line loopback test on controller T1 0/4.


Example:
config t
controller t1 0/4
loopback local line
end

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

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Lab 55

Lab 5: Configuring TDM Local Switching and Performing Loopback Testing High-Touch Delivery Learning
Services

_____________________________ Note _________________________


A few seconds after you enable the loopback on the T1, the line protocol on
interface serial 0/4:0 will change to state down. This is to be expected
during a loopback test. Be careful if you do this on a production network.
_________________________________________________________________

Step 5

Once again use the show controller t1 0/4 command. This time you
are confirming the presence of a loopback test on the line.
Example:
ASR901# show controller t1 0/4
T1 0/4 is up. (Local Line Loopback)
Applique type is Channelized T1
Cablelength is long gain36 0db
No alarms detected.
alarm-trigger is not set
Soaking time: 3, Clearance time: 10
AIS State:Clear LOS State:Clear LOF State:Clear
---output omitted---

Step 6

Use the show interface serial 0/4:0 command to confirm that the
serial interface is also up/down.
Example:
ASR901# show interface serial 0/4:0
Serial0/4:0 is up, line protocol is down
Hardware is TDM E1T1 IM
Description: T1 bundle towards LEC
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1536 Kbit/sec, DLY 20000 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
Encapsulation PPP, LCP ACKsent, multilink Closed, loopback not set
---output omitted---

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Notice that this command will show that loopback is not set. This is
normal and refers to the serial loopback capability.
_________________________________________________________________

Lab 56

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A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Step 7

Task 2: Performing Loopback Testing

From your ASR-x router, telnet to xx.0.0.1 and login with password
cisco. Use the command show interface serial 0/y:0 (where y is
found in the table below) and confirm that the remote end line protocol
is down and shows that the line is looped back.
Pod

Value for Y

10

Example:
ASR901# telnet xx.0.0.1
Trying xx.0.0.1 ... Open
User Access Verification
Password: cisco
TDM1> show interface serial 0/y:0
Serial0/10:0 is up, line protocol is down (looped)
Hardware is TDM E1T1 IM
Description: T1 bundle to ASR-6
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1536 Kbit/sec, DLY 20000 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
Encapsulation PPP, LCP REQsent, multilink Closed, loopback not set
Keepalive set (10 sec)

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Use the exit command immediately following this step to allow others to
connect to the TDM aggregation point.
_________________________________________________________________
Step 8

Disconnect from the TDM aggregation router and disable the loopback
command on your ASR-x router.
Example:
config t
controller t1 0/4
no loopback
end

_____________________________ Note _________________________


The line protocol on interface serial 0/4:0 should immediately transition
back to the up state.
_________________________________________________________________

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

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Lab 57

Lab 5: Configuring TDM Local Switching and Performing Loopback Testing High-Touch Delivery Learning
Services

Activity Verification
You have completed this task when you have successfully performed a local
line loopback on a T1 port.

Lab 58

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Task 3: Performing Bit Error Rate Testing

Task 3: Performing Bit Error Rate Testing


The purpose of this task is to perform a bit error rate test (BERT) on a T1 port
on the Cisco ASR 901 router.

Activity Procedure
Complete these steps:
Step 1

Open a terminal session into your asr-x (where x is your pod number)
router and enter enable mode if you have not already done so.

Step 2

Ask your instructor to enable a local line loopback test on the TDM-1
aggregation router at the remote end of each of the following ports:

_____________________________ Note _________________________


DO NOT configure the below on your pod ASR router. These commands
are for the instructor only to perform on the TDM-1 router. They are
shown for your information only.
_________________________________________________________________

Step 3

Once your instructor has successfully looped back your T1 0/4 port you
should see the interface serial 0/4:0 change to state down. Use the
show interface serial 0/4:0 command to confirm that the port is
indeed looped.
Example:
ASR901# show interface serial 0/4:0
Serial0/4:0 is up, line protocol is down (looped)
Hardware is TDM E1T1 IM
Description: T1 bundle towards LEC
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1536 Kbit/sec, DLY 20000 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
---output omitted---

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

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Lab 59

Lab 5: Configuring TDM Local Switching and Performing Loopback Testing High-Touch Delivery Learning
Services

Step 4

Perform a O.151 loopback test pattern for 1 minute on T1 port 0/4.


Example:
config t
controller t1 0/4
bert pattern 2^15 interval 1
end

Step 5

Use the command show controller t1 0/4 several times in a row to see
the results of the BERT test.
Example:
ASR901# show controller t1 0/4
T1 0/4 is up.
Applique type is Channelized T1
Cablelength is long gain36 0db
DSX1 BERT pattern
: 2^15
DSX1 BERT sync
: sync
DSX1 BERT sync count : 1
DSX1 BERT interval
: 1
DSX1 BERT time remain : 39
DSX1 BERT total errs : 0
DSX1 BERT total k bits: 30896
DSX1 BERT errors (last): 0
DSX1 BERT k bits (last): 30896
Last clearing of BERT counters never
No alarms detected.
alarm-trigger is not set
---output omitted---

_____________________________ Note _________________________


Notice that the output of the above show controllers indicates that the
BERT test is in sync, has 39 seconds remaining and has received 30896
kbits back from the test. If the remote end were not looped back during the
test, you would not see sync nor any BERT total k bits.
_________________________________________________________________

Step 6

Lab 510

Once the 1 minute test is complete, you should see a message stating
that the BERT test is completed. At this point you do not need to
return to the configuration and remove the BERT test as the system
automatically does this for you.

1.0

A901E Lab Guide

High-Touch Delivery Learning Services

Step 7

Task 3: Performing Bit Error Rate Testing

Notify your instructor that your BERT test is complete and that they
may disable the loopback test from the TDM-1 router.

_____________________________ Note _________________________


DO NOT configure the below on your pod ASR router. These commands
are for the instructor only to perform on the TDM-1 router. They are
shown for your information only.
_________________________________________________________________
Example:
config t
controller t1
no loopback
controller t1
no loopback
controller t1
no loopback
controller t1
no loopback
controller t1
no loopback
controller t1
no loopback
end

0/0
0/2
0/4
0/6
0/8
0/10

Activity Verification
You have completed this task once you have performed a successful BERT test
on your T1 port.

Lab Success Criteria


You have completed this lab when you have been able to successfully complete
all tasks.

2012 Cisco Systems, Inc.

1.0

Lab 511

Lab 5: Configuring TDM Local Switching and Performing Loopback Testing High-Touch Delivery Learning
Services

Lab 512

1.0

A901E Lab Guide