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Botulinum neurotoxins cause which type of paralysis?

A. Spastic.
B. Flaccid.
C. Periodic.
D. Brachiofacial
Zinc-oxide-eugenol cements are less soluble than
A. zinc phosphate cements.
B. Bis-GMA resin cements.
C. glass ionomer cements. D. calcium hydroxide cements
Pt. of HBV came to ur clinic and during dental procedures have a sever Injury and bleeds alot, what
is ur management:
1. Squeeze the wound but dont scrub.
2. Wash the wound with water and put waterproofer plaster.
3. Assess the virulent of the pt. and refer him for infectous disease consltant.
4. Ask him to apply pressure on the wound to stop bleeding.
a. 1+2+3.
b. 1+4.
c. 1+2+4.
d. 3+4.

1) A 12 year old patient has the following cephalometric values:


SNA = 87 (N = 82)
SNB = 80 (N = 80)
Mandibular Plane Angle = 32
(N = 32)
FMA = 26 (N = 26)
The patient is a skeletal Angle Class II with a
A. normally protrusive maxilla and a retrognathic mandible.
B. protrusive maxilla and an orthognathic mandible.
C. protrusive maxilla and a retrognathic mandible.
D. retrusive maxilla and an orthognathic mandible.
5) To maintain pulp health and vitality, the preferred treatment for asymptomatic teeth with very
deep dentinal caries is
A. direct pulp capping using a dentin bonding agent.
B. to avoid pulp exposure and use indirect pulp capping.
C. direct pulp capping using calcium hydroxide.
D. to remove all affected dentin.
9) Overeruption of the posterior teeth results in increased
1. crowding.
2. overbite.
3. overjet.

4. rotation.
A. (1) (2) (3)
B. (1) and (3)
C. (2) and (4)
D. (4) only
E. All of the above.
27) Metabolism of ibuprofen is NOT affected by
A. decreased cardiac output.
B. plasma protein binding.
C. gastric emptying rate.
D. hepatic enzyme activity.
18) Following the administration of a right inferior alveolar nerve block, right facial paralysis is
noted. Which of the following muscles is NOT affected?
A. Levator palpebrae superioris.
B. Buccinator.
C. Mentalis.
D. Nasalis.
E. Orbicularis oris.

21) Which of the following is common to all forms of shock?


A. Sepsis.
B. Hypovolemia.
C. Hypertension.
D. Vasoconstriction.
E. Impaired tissue perfusion
35) In chronic periodontitis, the causative microorganisms are found in
1. the periodontal ligament.
2. the connective tissues of the gingiva.
3. the alveolar bone.
4. the periodontal pocket.
A. (1) (2) (3)
B. (1) and (3)
C. (2) and (4)
D. (4) only
E. All of the above.
36) Shock is a circulatory disturbance characterized by
A. increase in blood pressure.
B. alteration in circulating blood volume.
C. elevation of temperature.
D. decrease in amount of interstitial fluid

45) Anginal pain is


A. provoked by exercise or cold weather.
B. not relieved by rest.
C. relieved by digoxin.
D. aggravated by deep inspiration.
Dentists may choose NOT to provide treatment for a patient when the
1. treatment cannot be completed in a timely fashion.
2. patient has a serious communicable disease.
3. dentist does not have sufficient training for procedure.
4. treatment is for an urgent situation.
A. (1) and (3)
B. (2) and (4)
C. (1) (2) (3)
D. (4) only
E. All of the above.
An anterior open bite is commonly associated with
A. a horizontal growth pattern.
B. a functional shift.
C. an associated habit.
D. a normal swallowing reflex.
In recording centric relation registration, perforation of the recording material must be avoided
because
A. the material will undergo dimensional changes.
B. contact of teeth could deflect the mandible.
C. the recording material will be too weak and may fracture
Yellow or brown stains appearing on radiographs months after processing result from
A. processing at an excessive temperature.
B. storing radiographs at 30C.
C. incomplete fixing and/or washing of radiographs.
D. using expired film.
An 8 year old patient presents 4 hours post-trauma with an oblique crown fracture of 2.1
exposing 2mm of vital pulp. The most appropriate pulpal treatment is
A. apexogenesis.
B. apexification.
C. extraction.
D. root canal treatment
The most likely diagnosis for a patient with an interincisal opening of 30mm before feeling pain
and a maximum opening of
44mm with pain is
A. internal derangement of the TMJ with reduction.
B. internal derangement of the TMJ without reduction.

C. tetani of the masticatory muscles.


D. subluxation of the TMJ.
E. myofascial pain
An article reports that subjects receiving chlorhexidine varnish had significantly lower (p<0.05)
Streptococcus mutans levels than did those receiving fluoride varnish. What type of reporting
error is of the most concern when interpreting these results?
A. Type II () error.
B. Type I () error.
C. Type II () error.
D. Type I () error.
Pulpectomy is the most appropriate treatment in a primary tooth with
A. reversible pulpitis.
B. advanced internal root resorption.
C. advanced external root resorption.
D. radicular pulp necrosis.
The palate grows in length by 2014Q
A. endochondral growth.
B. apposition on the free edge of the palatine bone.
C. the downward and forward growth of the nasal septum
An opioid, like Fentanyl, can be prescribed in conjunction with
A. benzodiazepines.
B. gabapentin.
C. muscle relaxants.
D. NSAIDs.
A preparation for a Class II amalgam restoration in primary molars should include
A. occlusally divergent buccal and lingual walls.
B. an axial wall that parallels the dentino-enamel junction.
C. an isthmus that occupies two thirds of the intercuspal distance.
D. undercut enamel and dentin.
To assess factors affecting the utilization of dental services, a cross-sectional study surveyed
adults on a number of variables. Considering the study design, which of the following findings
CANNOT be derived from the results?
A. Satisfaction with the services.
B. Gender differences.
C. Caries incidence.
D. Utilization of dental services
Which of the following is NOT a manifestation of hyperglycemia?
A. Moist skin.
B. Acetone breath.
C. Abdominal pain.

D. Decreased consciousness.
During the pharyngeal phase of swallowing, motor neurons in the swallowing center are
activated to
A. open the lower esophageal sphincter.
B. inhibit respiration.
C. initiate the secondary peristaltic wave.
D. open the palatopharyngeal folds.
An impacted mandibular third molar can be displaced into the submandibular space during its
surgical removal when the
A. attachment of the mylohyoid muscle is inferior to the level of the roots.
B. roots of the mandibular third molar lie close to the buccal cortex.
C. buccal cortical bone in the mandibular third molar area is extremely thin.
D. bone on the lingual surface is fenestrated inferior to the mylohyoid muscle
The selection of a vasoconstrictor for a local anesthetic depends upon the
1. duration of the procedure.
2. need for hemostasis.
3. medical status of the patient.
4. type of procedure.
A. (1) (2) (3)
B. (1) and (3)
C. (2) and (4)
D. (4) only
E. All of the above.
What is the most appropriate design for a study that is started after the exposure to a risk factor
but before the disease started?
A. Case series.
B. Randomized trial.
C. Case-control.
D. Cohort.
The most likely cause of a cavernous sinus thrombosis is a periradicular abscess of a maxillary
A. first molar.
B. central incisor.
C. second premolar.
D. third molar