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Design of Water Tank on the Gro

Effective length, L = Lw + hw
Clear Length
Averg wall thkness hw =

Lw=

40
0.23

c=

m
m

w=
L=

40.23

m
Fy=

Effective Width , B = b + hs
Clear Width
b=
B=
Effective height ,H = Hw+hs/2
Wall Height
H=
Slab thickness
hs =
Heff =
Height of Water
Hw=

Fcu=

13
13.23

3.7
0.2
3.8
3.7

m
m
m
m

200

mm

Long Span

L/H= 10.58684

No load carried horizontally, therefore shallow t

Short Span

B/H= 3.481579

No load carried horizonally, therefore shallow ta

Design of Wall
Applicabale
No Load carried horizonatlly
Max Bending Moment =
Design Bending Moment =
d=
K=

184
0.033229

45

Kn.m/m

Max Shear Force =

45

Kn.m/m

Design Shear Force=

mm
singly reinforced

z=

175

mm

As=

589

mm2/m

Provide

16

As=

2010

mm2

ok

% As

0.87

ok

Design Check of Shear Stress


(100As/bd)^(1/3)=
(400/d)^(1/4)=
(fcu/25)^(1/3)=

1.02983
1.214256794
1.169607095

vc=

0.92434

N/mm2

v=

0.520815217

N/mm2

Shear links are not required

Serviceability Limit State


Reinforcement
T

16

As=

2010

Steel ratio p=
Modular ratio, =

100

mm2/m
0.0109217391
12.9

Depth of Natural axis


x=
z=

101
150.4

Stees in steel =

148.9

Strain in steel s =

Deflection Check

N/mm2

0.0007446418

1=

0.0011569725

2=

0.000107047

m=

0.0010499255

acr=
Crack width w =

mm

94.956

mm

0.162

mm

mm

Stress Factor Fs=

90

T.M.F.=

2.00

Load.f.

1.25

L/d allowable =
L/d actual

N/mm2

49.93

mm

20.7

mm

Flextural or Direct Tenstion in Matura Concrete


Horizontal Reinforcement
fct/fb=
w,max

0.67
0.20

N/mm2
mm

0.4221

As=

388

mm2/m

12

565

mm2/m

Provide
As=

Table A.1 Bs 8007

Ok

Shear Stress
(100As/bd) ^91/30=
(400/D)^(1/4) =
(Fcu/25)^(1/3)=

200

1.030
1.214
1.1696

vc=

0.924

N/mm2

v=

0.5208

N/mm2

esign of Water Tank on the Ground according to Bs 8007:1987

Wall Design

24

KN/m3

Concrete Cover =

40

mm

10

KN/m3

Initial bar size =

12

mm

460

N/mm2

40

N/mm2

horizontally, therefore shallow tank has to be designed as cantilever wall


horizonally, therefore shallow tank has to be designed as cantilever wall

Max Shear Force =

68

Kn/m

Design Shear Force=

96

Kn/m

100

hear links are not required

Allow for creep


Es=
Ec=

200
31

Gpa
Gpa

strain at steel level


strain at concrete surface
active strain considering stiffening effect of concrete
average strain in flexural

Crack width <0.2 mm within limit

Ecm=

15.5

L/d =

table 3.9

20

Prop Cantilever and Fixed

Bs 8007 Cl. 2.2.3.4

Deflection is adequated

Bar size =
R=

Shear links are not required

12
0.5
0.000012
35

mm
/C
C

Restrain factor Bs 8007 A.5


Coeff. Of thermal expansion
Temperature

Max Bending Moment =


Design Bending Moment =

20

Kn.m/m

Max Shear Force =

20

Kn.m/m

Design Shear Force=

d=
K=

184
0.014768

mm

z=

175

mm

As=

262

mm2/m

singly reinforced
As slab
As,min=
As coulmn As,min=

As =

759

Provide

Yes
N/mm2

20

As=

2093

mm2

ok

% As

0.910

ok

150

op Cantilever and Fixed

Shear Force =

Kn/m

n Shear Force=

Kn/m

299
460

mm2/m
mm2/m

Case 1

Flat Slab Design With Drop Pannel


Dimension & Loading
Span
Short =
Long =

Lx=
Ly=

4.433
5

m
m

Thckns =

hs=

200

mm

Drop=
Thckns =

L
hc=
b
h

1.7
200
400
400

m
mm
mm
mm

c =
s =
Fcu =
Cover=
Bar size =

Slab
Column

Loading
Sw/slab
Sw/drop

Gk=
Gk=

4.8
4.8

Kn/m2
Kn/m2

L.L
D.L

Qk=
Gk=

1.5
1

Kn/m2
Kn/m2

Ult.Load

P=

253

Kn

11.4

Kn/m2

Bending Moment
Short Span
Negative Moment at First interior Support

Column
Middle

M=

74.1

Kn.m

M=
M=

55.6
18.5

Kn.m
Kn.m

Positive Moment at interior span strip

Strip %
55
45

mm

Column Head

Eqvlnt UDL w=

Strip %
75
25

1700

Column
Middle

M=

74.1

Kn.m

M=
M=

40.8
33.4

Kn.m
Kn.m

Design for Short Span ( Column Strip)

Effective Span

Column Strip
d=

359

k=

mm

Z=

341.1

mm

As=

373

mm

942

1700

M=

d=

159

10

884
@

18.5

Kn.m

Singly Reinforced

Z=

151

mm

As=

281

mm

As,min=

As=

mm

mm

0.01232

Provide

Kn.m

OK

mm2

Middle Strip

K=

b=

As,min=

12

As=

55.6

Singly Reinforced

0.00725

Provide

M=

10

442
@

OK

628

Design for Short Span ( Middle Strip)


Column Strip

b=

0.002739

z=

151

mm

As=

618

mm2

Provide

25
1963

M=

Singly Reinforced

k=

As=

mm
3300

mm2

As,min=
T

10

1716
@

OK

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.01142

z=

151

mm

As=

505

mm2

As,min=

858

Provide

16

As=

1256

mm2

Fs=

209.5

N/mm2

T.M.F =

L/d allw =

40

L/d actl=

27.9

10

OK

Deflection Check

L/d=

20

Deflection is ok

Design for Long Span ( Column Strip)


Column Strip

b=

0.00952

z=

341

mm

As=

490

mm2

Provide

16
1256

M=

Singly Reinforced

k=

As=

mm
1700

As,min=
T

10

884
@

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.01617

z=

151

mm

As=

369

mm2

Provide

As=

628

As,min=
T

10

442
@

OK

mm2

Design for Long Span ( Middle Strip)


Column Strip

b=

k=

0.01686

z=

151

mm
2733

Singly Reinforced
mm

M=

As=

618

Provide

mm2
20

As=

1570

As,min=
T

10

711
@

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.013795

z=

151

mm

As=

505

mm2

Provide

26

As=

2041

mm2

120.7

N/mm2

As,min=
T

10

711
@

OK

Deflection Check
Fs=
.
T.M.F =

2.00

L/d allw =

40.0

L/d=

20

Deflection is ok
L/d actl=

31.4

Punching Shear
V

353.6

Kn

At Column Face
v=
Max vc =

0.616

N/mm2

4.73

N/mm2

At 1.0 d from Column Face


u=

4472

mm

A=

1.250

m2

V=

334

Kn

v=

0.20785

N/mm2

At 1.0 d

Ok

At 1.5 d from Column Face


u=

5908

mm

A=

2.182

m2

V=

319

Kn

v=

0.15032

N/mm2

Ok

At 2 d from Column Face


u=

8308

mm

A=

6.948

m2

V=

243

Kn

v=

0.05228

N/mm2

Ok

With Drop Pannel

24
460
35
35
12

Kn/m3
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm
mm

Max effctive dia of colm head=


hc=
hc,actual=
Ih,max=

1108.25
1251
1919
720

mm
mm
mm

hc=

720

mm

lx=
ly=

3.91
4.48

m
m

mm

hc,actual shouldnt exceed hc

ctive Span
Short
Long

Long Span
Negative Moment at interior Supports

Strip %
75
25

Column
Middle

M=

97.3

Kn.m

M=
M=

73.0
24.3

Kn.m
Kn.m

Positive Moment at interior span strip

Strip %
55
45

Column
Middle

M=

74.1

Kn.m

M=
M=

40.8
33.4

Kn.m
Kn.m

Check Crack Width


% As=
COLUMN STRIP
PROVIDE

mm2

8
T
10

212.5

141.666667
As=

369.4
mm2

0.262396

x=

77.903

Z=

333.152

Stress =

177.1604

s=

0.000886

1=

0.000385

2=

0.00016

ADD

8
T
10
As=

212.5

369.4
mm2

mm2

m=

0.000225

acr=

219.5907

w=
As =

738.8

mm2/m

1256.0

mm2

0.04

212.5
As total=

Kn.m
40.8
Check Crack Width
% As=

0.34986

x=

99.084

Z=

325.972

Stress =

99.5844

mm2
132

s=

0.0005

1=

0.00019

2=

0.00017

m=
mm2

2E-005

acr=

105.611

206.25
w=
As,req=

858

Kn.m
73.0

Check Crack Width


COLUMN STRIP
PROVIDE

mm2

-0.00572

mm2

8
T
10

213

106.25
As=

369
mm2/m

% As=

0.34986

x=

109.854

Z=

322.382

Stress =

180.262

s=

0.0009

1=

0.00033

2=

7E-005

ADD
9
T
12
As=
mm2
212.5

As total =
As total =

Kn.m
33.4

189

598
mm2/m
1645
mm2/m
2797

m=

0.00025

acr=

61.5001

w=

0.02934

mm2

Check Crack Width


% As=
x=

0.43733
89.391

mm2

Z=

136.65

mm2
105.115385

As,req=

711

329.203

Stress =

49.64829

s=

0.000248

1=

0.000197

2=

0.000101

m=

9.55E-005

acr=

61.04779

w=

0.066055

mm2

coulmn size
u=
b
h

400
400

mm
mm

(100As/bd)^(1/3)=

0.351073

(400/d)^(1/4) =

1.027404

(Fcu/25)^(1/3) =

1.118689

vc=

0.25501

N/mm2

vc=

0.510030

N/mm2

no

ouldnt exceed hc

Bending Monemt Coffecient BS 8110 Table 3.12

M
V

First InterioInterior
Support
Support
0.086
0.063
0.6
0.5

Interior
Span
0.075

Width b
Column Strip
Middle Strip
Short
3300 mm
Long
2733 mm

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.217
0.928
200000 N/mm2

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4

mm
mm
N/mm2

0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625
0.65

mm

Crack width is within limit

mm

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes

%
mm
mm
N/mm2

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.276
0.908
200000 N/mm2

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475

mm
mm

0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625

Crack width is within limit

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.306
0.898
200000 N/mm2

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6

mm
mm
N/mm2

mm
mm

Crack width is within limit

0.625

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes


%
mm

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.249
0.917
200000 N/mm2

As%
0.1
0.125

mm
N/mm2

mm

Crack width is within limit

mm

at 1.0d
1518

mm

0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625

Square
no

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4

X factor
Z factor
0.159
0.974
0.176
0.941
191
0.936
0.204
0.932
0.217
0.928
0.228
0.924
0.239
0.92
0.249
0.917
0.258
0.914
0.267
0.911
0.276
0.908
0.284
0.292

0.299
0.306
0.313
0.319
0.326
0.332
0.338
0.344

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor
Z factor
0.159
0.974
0.176
0.941
191
0.936
0.204
0.932
0.217
0.928
0.228
0.924
0.239
0.92
0.249
0.917
0.258
0.914
0.267
0.911
0.276
0.908
0.284
0.905
0.292
0.903
0.299
0.9
0.306
0.898
0.313
0.896

0.319
0.326
0.332
0.338
0.344

0.894
0.891
0.889

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor
Z factor
0.159
0.974
0.176
0.941
191
0.936
0.204
0.932
0.217
0.928
0.228
0.924
0.239
0.92
0.249
0.917
0.258
0.914
0.267
0.911
0.276
0.908
0.284
0.905
0.292
0.903
0.299
0.9
0.306
0.898
0.313
0.896
0.319
0.894
0.326
0.891
0.332
0.889
0.338
0.344

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor
Z factor
0.159
0.974
0.176
0.941

191
0.204
0.217
0.228
0.239
0.249
0.258
0.267
0.276
0.284
0.292
0.299
0.306
0.313
0.319
0.326
0.332
0.338
0.344

0.936
0.932
0.928
0.924
0.92
0.917
0.914
0.911
0.908
0.905
0.903
0.9
0.898
0.896
0.894
0.891
0.889

Colum Desing
=
L0=
leff=
L/b=

1.5
6000
9000

end condtion 2/2

mm

Slender Column

9000

k=
h=
a=

1
1
40500

mm

40500

mm

Madd =

8545.5

Kn.m

M=

54.4

Kn.m

Mi=

8599.9

Kn.m

M/bd2=

9E+009

N/mm2

N/bd=

211000

N/mm2

Checking Column Crack


Serviceability Limit State
Forces
Ultimate
Service

Provide
As=
e=

Load

Moment

804

mm2

16

Sub -Frame Analysis

Dimension
Upper
Lower

mm
b
400
1

mm
h
400
1

mm
L
6000
1

Beam

1000

600

4330

Upper
Lower

2133333333
0.08333333

mm4
mm4

Ibeam=

1.800E+010

mm4

Column

I colm=

Stiffness

K = (I/L)

Columns
Kcu
KcL

355555.5556
0.083333333

Beam
Kbeam=

4157043.88

A
Joint
Member

UC

LC

AB

BA

D.F

0.106

0.000

1.000

0.479

-22.019

0.000

FEM

Carry over
0.000

-2.639

207.800 -207.800
-207.800
0.000

0.000

0.000
0.000

0.000

24.910
-24.910
0.000

-103.900
49.820
0.000
0.000
-12.455
0.000

Checking Column Crack

0.000

sum m=

-24.552

0.000

0.000
0.000

0.000 -274.336

w=

FEM
MAB
207.80

MBA
207.80

P=

MBC
207.80

211

UC

BC

CB

0.000

0.041

0.479

0.479

0.000

0.000

207.800
0.000

0.000

MCB
MCD
MDC
207.80
207.80
207.80

Kn

LC

0.000

km/m

0.000

133

-207.800
0.000

4.261

0.000
49.820

0.000
49.820

0.000

0.000
0.000

24.910
0.000

0.000

12.455
0.000

0.000
0.000

LC

UC

0.000 0.04101

CD
0.479
207.80

0.000

0.000

0.000

4.261

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

270.075 -133.071

Lx=

5.72

600
530

mm
mm

M=

157

Kn.m

K=

0.0186

Z=

504

mm

As=

714

mm

20

As =

1570

200

h=
d=

Top Reinforement

Provide

200

Serviceability Limit State


Reinforcement
T

20

As=

1570

mm2/m

Steel ratio p=
Modular ratio, =

mm

0.00296
12.9

Depth of Natural axis


x=
z=

148
480.7

Stees in steel =

mm
208.0

Strain in steel s =

0.00104015

N/mm2
strain at steel level

1=

0.0012307

strain at concrete surface

2=

0.00056787

active strain considering s

m=

0.00066283

acr=

112.066

mm

0.181

mm

Crack width w =

average strain in flexural

Crack width <0.2 mm with

Shear Stress
(100As/bd) ^91/30=
(400/D)^(1/4) =
(Fcu/25)^(1/3)=
vc=

V=

0.667
0.932
1.0627
0.417

422

N/mm2
Shear links are required

v=

0.7962

2414

Kn

N/mm2

Punching Shear
At Column Face
V=

Column Size
b
h

v
0.8 Fcu^(1/2) =

2.847

N/mm2

4.38

N/mm2

At 1.0 d from Column Face


u=

5840

mm

A=

2.1316

m2

V=

2176

Kn

v=

0.703

N/mm2

OK

At 1.5 d from Column Face


u=

7960

mm

A=

3.9601

m2

V=

1972

Kn

v=

0.468

N/mm2

At 2 d from Column Face

OK

u=

7960

mm

A=

6.3504

m2

V=

2401

Kn

v=

0.569

N/mm2

OK

Bottom slab Design

Fy
Fcu

460
30

N/mm2
N/mm2

Bar size =
Cover =

20
60

M=

70

Kn.m

K=

0.0083

Z=

504

As=

318

16

As =

1005

Bottom Reinforcement

As/min=

689

Provide
Ok

As/min=

200
31

Gpa
Gpa

rain at steel level

rain at concrete surface

ctive strain considering stiffening effect of concrete

Ecm=

689

200
Ok

Allow for creep


Es=
Ec=

15.5

Yes
N/mm2

verage strain in flexural

rack width <0.2 mm within limit

Kn

400
400

mm
mm

Lx=
Ly=

4.33
5

Sub -Frame Analysis

Column

Dimension mm
b
Upper
Lower

mm
h

mm
L

400
1

400
1

6000
1

Beam

1000

600

4330

Upper
Lower

2.1E+009 mm4
0.083333 mm4

Ibeam=

1.8E+010 mm4

I colm=

Stiffness

K = (I/L)

Columns
Kcu
KcL

355555.6
0.083333

Beam
Kbeam=

4157044

Joint
Member
D.F
FEM

Carry over

A
AB

BA
1 0.479494

142.6479 -142.6479
-142.6479
0
0 -71.32394
0 34.19942
17.09971
-17.09971

0
0

0 -8.549854
-8.2E-008
-4.1E-008

sum m=

0
-6.8E-015

3.16E-006 -188.3223

w=

91.3 km/m

FEM
MAB
MBA
MBC
MCB
MCD
MDC
142.6479 142.6479 142.6479 142.6479 142.6479 142.6479

P=

B
CD
BC

CB

0.479494

0.479494 0.479494 142.6479


142.6479 -142.6479
0
0
0
0
34.19942 34.19942

211 Kn

0 17.09971
0
0
8.549854
0
-8.2E-008 -8.2E-008
0 -4.1E-008
0
0
185.3972 -91.34876

Design of Raft Footing as Flat Slab l (Interior Pannel)


Dimension & Loading
Span
Short =
Long =

Lx=
Ly=

4.6
5

m
m

Thckns =

hs=

mm

Drop=
Thckns =

L
hc=

600
2
2.6
200

c =
s =
Fcu =
Cover=
Bar size =

Slab
Column

m
mm

Loading

1000

24
460
35
40
20

Kn/m3
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm
mm

mm

Column Head
Max effctive dia of colm head=
Sw/slab
Sw/drop
L.L
D.L
Ult.Load
Eqvlnt UDL w=

Gk=
Gk=
Qk=
Gk=
P=

14.4
4.8
1.5
64

Kn/m2
Kn/m2

Coulmn head square


hc=
hc,actual=

Kn/m2
Kn/m2

2625

Kn

114.1

Kn/m2

1150

yes
1298
1129

mm
mm

hc=

1129

mm

lx=
ly=

3.17
3.57

m
m

Effective Span
Short
Long

Bending Moment
Short Span

Long Span
Negative Moment at First interior Support

Negative Moment at interior Supports

M=
Strip %
75
25

Column
Middle

M=
M=

162.0

Kn.m

121.5
40.5

Strip %
75
25

Kn.m
Kn.m

Positive Moment at interior span strip


M=
Strip %
55
45

Column
Middle

M=
M=

114.0
62.7
51.3

d=

550

k=

0.0114758

Z=

522.5

mm

As=

532

mm

Provide
As=

Kn.m
Strip %
55
45

Kn.m
Kn.m

1570

M=

121.5

b=

1000

As,min=
T

mm

20

715

mm2

200

OK

mm2
M=

0.0038253

Kn.m

Singly Reinforced

Middle Strip
K=

mm

187.0

M=
M=

140.3
46.8

Positive Moment at interior span strip

Design of Short Span @ Support


Column Strip

Column
Middle

M=

40.5

Singly Reinforced

Kn.m

Column
Middle

M=

131.0

M=
M=

72.1
59.0

Z=

523

mm

As=

177

mm

Provide

As,min=

As=

20

715

mm2

200

M=

62.7

715

mm2

200

M=

51.3

715

mm2

200

OK

1570

Design of Short Span @ Mid Span


Column Strip
0.00592

z=

523

mm

As=

275

mm2

Provide

5
1570

As,min=
T

20

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.0048453

z=

523

mm

As=

225

mm2

Provide

Kn.m

Singly Reinforced

k=

As=

mm
1000

b=

As,min=
T

16

Kn.m

As=

1005

mm2

Fs=

218.2

N/mm2

T.M.F =

L/d allw =

52

OK

Deflection Check

L/d=

26

Deflection is ok
L/d actl=

8.4

Design of Long Span @ Support


Column Strip

b=

0.0132468

z=

523

mm

As=

614

mm2

Provide

5
1570

mm2

As,min=
T

20

0.0044156

z=

523

715

mm2

200

M=

46.8

OK

Middle Strip
k=

M=

Kn.m
140.3

Singly Reinforced

k=

As=

mm
1000

Singly Reinforced
mm

Kn.m

As=

205

Provide

mm2
5

As=

1570

As,min=
T

20

715

mm2

200

M=

Kn.m
72.1

715

mm2

200

M=

59.0

715

mm2

200

OK

mm2

Design of Long Span @ Mid Span


Column Strip

b=

Singly Reinforced

k=

0.0068052

z=

522.5

mm

As=

316

mm2

Provide

As=

1005

mm
1000

As,min=
T

16

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.00556789

z=

523

mm

As=

258

mm2

Provide
As=

5
1005

mm2

As,min=
T

16

OK

Kn.m

Deflection Check
Fs=

218.2

T.M.F =

2.00

L/d allw =

52.0

L/d actl=

9.1

N/mm2
L/d=

26

Deflection is ok

Punshing Shear
At Coulmn Face

coulmn size =

V=

3019

KN

u=

1600

mm

v=

3.43

N/mm2

vc,max=

4.73

N/mm2

b=
h=

400
400

(100As/bd)^(1/3)=

0.61629

(400/d)^(1/4) =

0.92347

(Fcu/25)^(1/3) =

1.11869

ok

At 1.0 d from Coulmn Face


V=

3019

KN

u=

6000

mm

A=

2.25

m2

V=

2723.5

KN

0.82532

N/mm2

vc=

Not OK Provide Drop Pannel

0.402378

N/mm2

At 1.5 d from Coulmn Face


V=

3675

KN

u=

8200

mm

A=

4.2025

m2

V=

3003.6

KN

0.66599

N/mm2

Not OK Provide Drop Pannel

At 2.0 d from Coulmn Face


V=

3675

KN

u=

10400

mm

A=

6.760

m2

V=

2595.0

KN

0.45367

N/mm2

Not OK Provide Drop Pannel

ior Supports

mm

hc,actual shouldnt exceed hc

Kn.m

Reference RCC Spreed Sheet For continuous beam analysis

Kn.m
Kn.m
L
Column Strip
Middle Strip
Short
Long

r span strip
Kn.m

1000 mm
1000 mm

Kn.m
Kn.m

Table 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book


Check Crack Width
% As=

0.28545 %

x=

141.9

mm

Z=

502.7

mm

Stress =

153.946 N/mm2

s=

0.00077

1=

0.00086

2=

0.00055

m=

0.00032

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.258
0.914
200000 N/mm2

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475

acr=
w=

776.591 mm
0.18

mm

0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625
0.65

Crack width is within limit

Table 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book


Check Crack Width
% As=

0.182691 %

x=

112.2 mm

Z=

512.6 mm

Stress =

121.7333 N/mm2

s=

0.000609

1=

0.000678

2=

0.000902

m=

-0.000223

acr=
w=

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.204
0.932
200000 N/mm2

102.9234 mm
-0.05 mm

Crack width is within limit

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55

0.575
0.6
0.625

Table 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book


Check Crack Width
% As=

0.285455 %

x=

141.9 mm

Z=

502.7 mm

Stress =

177.7028 N/mm2

s=

0.000889

1=

0.000997

2=

0.000546

m=

0.000451

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.258
0.914
200000 N/mm2

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475

acr=
w=

101.8034 mm
0.1086

mm

Crack width is within limit

Check Crack Width


% As=

0.182691 %

x=

136.95 mm

Z=

504.35 mm

Stress =

142.1747 N/mm2

s=

0.000711

1=

0.000797

2=

0.000861

m=

-6.4E-005

acr=

102.9234 mm

w=

-0.015566 mm

0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625

Table 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book


x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.249
0.917
200000 N/mm2

Crack width is within limit

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6

0.625

With Drop pannel

Drop Panel h =

200

(100As/bd)^(1/3)=

0.55576

(400/d)^(1/4) =

0.85457

(Fcu/25)^(1/3) =

1.11869

vc=

0.456 N/mm2 Enhanced by 2d/av

At 1.0 d from Coulmn Face


V=

3019

KN

u=

7600

mm

A=

3.61

m2

V=

2545.0

KN

0.44650

N/mm2

ok

At 1.5 d from Coulmn Face


V=

3019

KN

u=

10600

mm

A=

4.2025

m2

V=

2467.3

KN

0.31035

N/mm2

ok

At 3 d from Coulmn Face


V=

3019

KN

u=

14800

mm

A=

13.69

m2

V=

1222.0

KN

0.15012

N/mm2

ok

Flat Slab Design With Drop Pannel (Interior Pannel)


Dimension & Loading
Span
Short =
Long =

Lx=
Ly=

4.333
5

m
m

Thckns =

hs=

250

mm

Drop=
Thckns =

L
hc=

1.4
200

m
mm

c =
s =
Fcu =
Cover=
Bar size =

Slab
Column
1400

Loading

mm

Column Head
Sw/slab
Sw/drop

Gk=
Gk=

6
4.8

Kn/m2
Kn/m2

L.L
D.L

Qk=
Gk=

1.5
1

Kn/m2
Kn/m2

Ult.Load

P=

277

Kn

12.8

Kn/m2

Eqvlnt UDL w=

Effective Span

Bending Moment
Short Span
Negative Moment at First interior Support

Strip %
75
25

Column
Middle

M=

71.2

Kn.m

M=
M=

53.4
17.8

Kn.m
Kn.m

Positive Moment at interior span strip

Strip %
55
45

Column
Middle

M=

62.1

Kn.m

M=
M=

34.2
28.0

Kn.m
Kn.m

Design for Short Span ( Column Strip)


Column Strip

M=

53.4

Kn.m

d=

204

k=

0.0262

mm

193.8

mm

As=

631

mm

As,min=

As=

707

M=

Z=

194

mm

As=

210

mm

17.8

As,min=

As=

10

371
@

Kn.m

Singly Reinforced

0.00873

Provide

mm

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
K=

1400

Singly Reinforced

Z=

Provide

b=

10

371
@

OK

550

Design for Short Span ( Middle Strip)


Column Strip

b=

0.016757

z=

194

mm

As=

403

mm2

Provide

15
1178

M=

Singly Reinforced

k=

As=

mm
2933

As,min=
T

10

778
@

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.00654

z=

194

mm

As=

330

mm2

Provide
As=

15
1178

mm2

As,min=
T

10

OK

778
@

Deflection Check
Fs=

202.6

T.M.F =

L/d allw =

52

N/mm2
L/d=

26

Deflection is ok
L/d actl=

21.2

Design for Long Span ( Column Strip)


Column Strip

b=

0.03206

z=

194

mm

As=

772

mm2

Provide

14
1583

M=

Singly Reinforced

k=

As=

mm
1400

As,min=
T

12

371
@

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.01069

z=

194

mm

As=

257

mm2

Provide

As=

550

As,min=
T

10

371
@

OK

mm2

Design for Long Span ( Middle Strip)


Column Strip

b=

M=

Singly Reinforced

k=

0.00652

z=

193.8

mm

As=

403

mm2

Provide

mm
3600

18

As,min=
T

10

955
@

As=

1413

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.005332

z=

194

mm

As=

330

mm2

Provide
As=

18
1413

mm2

Fs=

207.2

N/mm2

T.M.F =

2.00

L/d allw =

52.0

As,min=
T

10

OK

Deflection Check

L/d=

26

Deflection is ok
L/d actl=

24.5

Punching Shear
V

388.5

Kn

At Column Face
v=
Max vc =

1.190

N/mm2

4.73

N/mm2

At 1.0 d from Column Face


u=

3232

mm

A=

0.653

m2

V=

377

Kn

v=

0.00057

N/mm2

At 1.5 d from Column Face


u=

4048

mm

A=

0.653

m2

Ok

955
@

V=

377

Kn

v=

0.00046

N/mm2

Ok

Interior Pannel)

24
460
35
40
12

Kn/m3
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm
mm

Max effctive dia of colm head=


Coulmn head square
hc=
hc,actual=

1083.25

yes
1223
1580

mm
mm

hc=

1223

mm

lx=
ly=

2.99
3.65

m
m

mm

hc,actual shouldnt exceed hc

ctive Span
Short
Long

Long Span
Negative Moment at interior Supports

Strip %
75
25

Column
Middle

M=

87.2

Kn.m

M=
M=

65.4
21.8

Kn.m
Kn.m

Positive Moment at interior span strip

Strip %
55
45

Column
Middle

M=

62.1

Kn.m

M=
M=

34.2
28.0

Kn.m
Kn.m

Check Crack Width

% As=

mm2
155.555556

mm2

0.346324

x=

44.268

Z=

189.312

Stress =

399.4904

s=

0.001997

1=

0.002573

2=

0.000875

m=

0.001698

acr=

186.0163

w=

0.39

200

Kn.m
28.0
Check Crack Width
% As=

0.577206

x=

49.776

Z=

187.272

mm2
195.533333
Stress =

126.7876

s=

0.000634

1=

0.000823

2=

0.001079

m=

-0.000256

acr=

107.6258

w=

0.006443

mm2
195.533333

Kn.m
65.4

Check Crack Width


% As=

0.775765

x=

62.424

mm2

Z=

183.192

100

Stress =

225.4792

s=

0.001127

1=

0.001494

2=

0.000366

m=

0.001127

mm2

acr=

62.94115

200

w=

0.171024

Kn.m
28.0

Check Crack Width


% As=

0.692647

x=

50.796

mm2

Z=

187.068

200

Stress =

105.7716

s=

0.000529

1=

0.000343

2=

0.0011

m=

-0.000756

mm2

acr=

104.6586

200

w=

0.081324

coulmn size
b
h

400
400

mm
mm

(100As/bd)^(1/3)=

0.577206

(400/d)^(1/4) =

1.183334

(Fcu/25)^(1/3) =

1.118689

vc=

0.4829083

ouldnt exceed hc

Bending Monemt Coffecient BS 8110 Table 3.12

M
V

End
Support
0.086
0.6

Interior
Support
0.063
0.5

L
Column Strip
Middle Strip
Short
Long

first
Span
0.075

2933 mm
3600 mm

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes


x factor =

0.217

As%

z factor =
Es=

0.928
200000 N/mm2

0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625
0.65

mm
mm
N/mm2

mm
mm

Crack width exceed limit

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.244
0.918
200000 N/mm2

mm
mm
N/mm2

mm
mm

Crack width is within limit

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575

0.6
0.625

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.306
0.898
200000 N/mm2

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625

mm
mm
N/mm2

mm
mm

Crack width is within limit

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes


%
mm
mm
N/mm2

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.249
0.917
200000 N/mm2

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25

mm
mm

Crack width is within limit

0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625

Square
no

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor

Z factor

0.159
0.176
191
0.204
0.217
0.228
0.239
0.249
0.258
0.267
0.276
0.284
0.292
0.299
0.306
0.313
0.319
0.326
0.332
0.338
0.344

0.974
0.941
0.936
0.932
0.928
0.924
0.92
0.917
0.914
0.911
0.908

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor
Z factor
0.159
0.974
0.176
0.941
191
0.936
0.204
0.932
0.217
0.928
0.228
0.924
0.239
0.92
0.249
0.917
0.258
0.914
0.267
0.911
0.276
0.908
0.284
0.905
0.292
0.903
0.299
0.9
0.306
0.898
0.313
0.896
0.319
0.894
0.326
0.891
0.332
0.889
0.338

0.344

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor
Z factor
0.159
0.974
0.176
0.941
191
0.936
0.204
0.932
0.217
0.928
0.228
0.924
0.239
0.92
0.249
0.917
0.258
0.914
0.267
0.911
0.276
0.908
0.284
0.905
0.292
0.903
0.299
0.9
0.306
0.898
0.313
0.896
0.319
0.894
0.326
0.891
0.332
0.889
0.338
0.344

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor
Z factor
0.159
0.974
0.176
0.941
191
0.936
0.204
0.932
0.217
0.928
0.228
0.924
0.239
0.92

0.249
0.258
0.267
0.276
0.284
0.292
0.299
0.306
0.313
0.319
0.326
0.332
0.338
0.344

0.917
0.914
0.911
0.908
0.905
0.903
0.9
0.898
0.896
0.894
0.891
0.889

Flat Slab Design With Drop Pannel (Interior Pannel)


Dimension & Loading
Span
Short =
Long =

Lx=
Ly=

4.6
5

m
m

Thckns =

hs=

200

mm

Drop=
Thckns =

L
hc=

1.7
200

m
mm

c =
s =
Fcu =
Cover=
Bar size =

Slab
Column
1700

Loading

mm

Column Head
Sw/slab
Sw/drop

Gk=
Gk=

4.8
4.8

Kn/m2
Kn/m2

L.L
D.L

Qk=
Gk=

1.5
1

Kn/m2
Kn/m2

Ult.Load

P=

261

Kn

11.4

Kn/m2

Eqvlnt UDL w=

Effective Span

Bending Moment
Short Span
Negative Moment at First interior Support

Strip %
75
25

Column
Middle

M=

72.0

Kn.m

M=
M=

54.0
18.0

Kn.m
Kn.m

Positive Moment at interior span strip

Strip %
55
45

Column
Middle

M=

62.8

Kn.m

M=
M=

34.5
28.2

Kn.m
Kn.m

Design for Short Span ( Column Strip)


Column Strip

M=

54.0

Kn.m

d=

159

k=

mm

Z=

151.1

mm

As=

818

mm

As,min=

17

As=

1335

M=

Z=

151

mm

As=

273

mm

18.0

As,min=

15

As=

10

351
@

Kn.m

Singly Reinforced

0.01196

Provide

mm

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
K=

1700

Singly Reinforced

0.03589

Provide

b=

10

351
@

OK

1178

Design for Short Span ( Middle Strip)


Column Strip

b=

0.022952

z=

151

mm

As=

523

mm2

Provide

14
1099

M=

Singly Reinforced

k=

As=

mm
2900

As,min=
T

10

599
@

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.01101

z=

151

mm

As=

428

mm2

Provide
As=

14
1099

mm2

As,min=
T

10

OK

599
@

Deflection Check
Fs=

167.3

T.M.F =

L/d allw =

52

N/mm2
L/d=

26

Deflection is ok
L/d actl=

28.9

Design for Long Span ( Column Strip)


Column Strip

b=

0.04037

z=

151

mm

As=

920

mm2

Provide

15
1178

M=

Singly Reinforced

k=

As=

mm
1700

As,min=
T

10

351
@

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.01346

z=

151

mm

As=

307

mm2

Provide

As=

550

As,min=
T

10

351
@

OK

mm2

Design for Long Span ( Middle Strip)


Column Strip

b=

M=

Singly Reinforced

k=

0.01182

z=

151.05

mm

As=

523

mm2

Provide

mm
3300

17

As,min=
T

10

682
@

As=

1335

OK

mm2

Middle Strip
Singly Reinforced

k=

0.009674

z=

151

mm

As=

428

mm2

Provide
As=

17
1335

mm2

Fs=

156.7

N/mm2

T.M.F =

2.00

L/d allw =

52.0

As,min=
T

10

OK

Deflection Check

L/d=

26

Deflection is ok
L/d actl=

31.4

Punching Shear
V

359.4

Kn

At Column Face
v=
Max vc =

1.413

N/mm2

4.73

N/mm2

At 1.0 d from Column Face


u=

4472

mm

A=

1.250

m2

V=

340

Kn

v=

0.2117

N/mm2

At 1.5 d from Column Face


u=

5908

mm

A=

2.182

m2

Ok

682
@

V=

325

Kn

v=

0.15338

N/mm2

Ok

At 2 d from Column Face


u=

5908

mm

A=

2.062

m2

V=

327

Kn

v=

0.15425

N/mm2

Ok

Interior Pannel)

24
460
35
35
12

Kn/m3
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm
mm

Max effctive dia of colm head=


Coulmn head square
hc=
hc,actual=

1150

yes
1298
1919

mm
mm

hc=

1298

mm

lx=
ly=

3.20
3.60

m
m

mm

hc,actual shouldnt exceed hc

ctive Span
Short
Long

Long Span
Negative Moment at interior Supports

Strip %
75
25

Column
Middle

M=

81.0

Kn.m

M=
M=

60.7
20.2

Kn.m
Kn.m

Positive Moment at interior span strip

Strip %
55
45

Column
Middle

M=

62.8

Kn.m

M=
M=

34.5
28.2

Kn.m
Kn.m

Check Crack Width

% As=

0.839308

x=

34.503

Z=

147.552

mm2

Stress =

274.1548

100

s=

0.001371

1=

0.001822

2=

0.000467

m=

0.001355

acr=

175.1908

mm2

w=

0.26

113.333333

Kn.m
28.2
Check Crack Width
% As=

0.691195

x=

38.796

Z=

145.962

mm2
207.142857
Stress =

176.0905

s=

0.00088

1=

0.001181

2=

0.000951

m=

0.00023

acr=

106.0272

mm2
207.142857
w=

-0.002008

Kn.m
60.7

Check Crack Width


% As=

mm2
113.333333

mm2
242.857143

Kn.m
28.2

x=

48.654

Z=

142.782

Stress =

361.1993

s=

0.001806

1=

0.002477

2=

0.000499

m=

0.001978

acr=

64.36217

w=

0.275096

Check Crack Width


% As=

mm2
194.117647

0.740566

0.839308

x=

39.591

Z=

145.803

Stress =

145.1739

mm2
194.117647

0.000726

1=

0.000396

2=

0.000888

m=

-0.000492

acr=

99.97817

w=

coulmn size
b
h

400
400

mm
mm

(100As/bd)^(1/3)=

0.3717

(400/d)^(1/4) =

1.0274

(Fcu/25)^(1/3) =

vc=

s=

0.2700

1.119

N/mm2

0.02942

ouldnt exceed hc

Bending Monemt Coffecient BS 8110 Table 3.12

M
V

First InterioInterior
Support
Support
0.086
0.063
0.6
0.5

L
Column Strip
Middle Strip
Short
Long

Interior
Span
0.075

2900 mm
3300 mm

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes


x factor =

0.217

As%

z factor =
Es=

0.928
200000 N/mm2

0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625
0.65

mm
mm
N/mm2

mm
mm

Crack width is within limit

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.244
0.918
200000 N/mm2

mm
mm
N/mm2

mm
mm

Crack width is within limit

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575

0.6
0.625

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

0.306
0.898
200000 N/mm2

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625

mm
mm
N/mm2

mm
mm

Crack width is within limit

x factor =
z factor =
Es=

Table 9.10 Batty & Wes

mm
mm
N/mm2

0.249
0.917
200000 N/mm2

As%
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25

mm
mm

Crack width is within limit

0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625

Square
no

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor

Z factor

0.159
0.176
191
0.204
0.217
0.228
0.239
0.249
0.258
0.267
0.276
0.284
0.292
0.299
0.306
0.313
0.319
0.326
0.332
0.338
0.344

0.974
0.941
0.936
0.932
0.928
0.924
0.92
0.917
0.914
0.911
0.908

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor
Z factor
0.159
0.974
0.176
0.941
191
0.936
0.204
0.932
0.217
0.928
0.228
0.924
0.239
0.92
0.249
0.917
0.258
0.914
0.267
0.911
0.276
0.908
0.284
0.905
0.292
0.903
0.299
0.9
0.306
0.898
0.313
0.896
0.319
0.894
0.326
0.891
0.332
0.889
0.338

0.344

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor
Z factor
0.159
0.974
0.176
0.941
191
0.936
0.204
0.932
0.217
0.928
0.228
0.924
0.239
0.92
0.249
0.917
0.258
0.914
0.267
0.911
0.276
0.908
0.284
0.905
0.292
0.903
0.299
0.9
0.306
0.898
0.313
0.896
0.319
0.894
0.326
0.891
0.332
0.889
0.338
0.344

able 9.10 Batty & Westbrook Book According to BS8110 Cl 3.4.4.4


X factor
Z factor
0.159
0.974
0.176
0.941
191
0.936
0.204
0.932
0.217
0.928
0.228
0.924
0.239
0.92

0.249
0.258
0.267
0.276
0.284
0.292
0.299
0.306
0.313
0.319
0.326
0.332
0.338
0.344

0.917
0.914
0.911
0.908
0.905
0.903
0.9
0.898
0.896
0.894
0.891
0.889